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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 609-617, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018185

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common surgical complication. Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases risk of developing POCD after surgery. DM patients with POCD seriously threaten the quality of patients' life, however, the intrinsic mechanism is unclear, and the effective treatment is deficiency. Previous studies have demonstrated neuronal loss and reduced neurogenesis in the hippocampus in mouse models of POCD. In this study, we constructed a mouse model of DM by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin, and then induced postoperative cognitive dysfunction by transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. We found that mouse models of DM-POCD exhibited the most serious cognitive impairment, as well as the most hippocampal neural stem cells (H-NSCs) loss and neurogenesis decline. Subsequently, we hypothesized that small extracellular vesicles secreted by induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSC-sEVs) might promote neurogenesis and restore cognitive function in patients with DM-POCD. iMSC-sEVs were administered via the tail vein beginning on day 2 after surgery, and then once every 3 days for 1 month thereafter. Our results showed that iMSC-sEVs treatment significantly recovered compromised proliferation and neuronal-differentiation capacity in H-NSCs, and reversed cognitive impairment in mouse models of DM-POCD. Furthermore, miRNA sequencing and qPCR showed miR-21-5p and miR-486-5p were the highest expression in iMSC-sEVs. We found iMSC-sEVs mainly transferred miR-21-5p and miR-486-5p to promote H-NSCs proliferation and neurogenesis. As miR-21-5p was demonstrated to directly targete Epha4 and CDKN2C, while miR-486-5p can inhibit FoxO1 in NSCs. We then demonstrated iMSC-sEVs can transfer miR-21-5p and miR-486-5p to inhibit EphA4, CDKN2C, and FoxO1 expression in H-NSCs. Collectively, these results indicate significant H-NSC loss and neurogenesis reduction lead to DM-POCD, the application of iMSC-sEVs may represent a novel cell-free therapeutic tool for diabetic patients with postoperative cognitive dysfunction.

2.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 37, 2022 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130920

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The overall response of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) remains unsatisfactory due to the complex pathological subtypes, genomic difference, and drug resistance. The genes that associated with cisplatin resistance remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to identify the cisplatin resistance associated genes in BUC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The cytotoxicity of cisplatin was evaluated in six bladder cancer cell lines to compare their responses to cisplatin. The T24 cancer cells exhibited the lowest sensitivity to cisplatin and was therefore selected to explore the mechanisms of drug resistance. We performed genome-wide CRISPR screening in T24 cancer cells in vitro, and identified that the gene heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (HNRNPU) was the top candidate gene related to cisplatin resistance. Epigenetic and transcriptional profiles of HNRNPU-depleted cells after cisplatin treatment were analyzed to investigate the relationship between HNRNPU and cisplatin resistance. In vivo experiments were also performed to demonstrate the function of HNRNPU depletion in cisplatin sensitivity. RESULTS: Significant correlation was found between HNRNPU expression level and sensitivity to cisplatin in bladder cancer cell lines. In the high HNRNPU expressing T24 cancer cells, knockout of HNRNPU inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. In addition, loss of HNRNPU promoted apoptosis and S-phase arrest in the T24 cells treated with cisplatin. Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) demonstrated that HNRNPU expression was significantly higher in tumor tissues than in normal tissues. High HNRNPU level was negatively correlated with patient survival. Transcriptomic profiling analysis showed that knockout of HNRNPU enhanced cisplatin sensitivity by regulating DNA damage repair genes. Furthermore, it was found that HNRNPU regulates chemosensitivity by affecting the expression of neurofibromin 1 (NF1). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that HNRNPU expression is associated with cisplatin sensitivity in bladder urothelial carcinoma cells. Inhibition of HNRNPU could be a potential therapy for cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo U , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
3.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 394, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127318

RESUMO

The mechanism of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is complex and threatens human health. Cardiomyocyte death is an important participant in the pathophysiological basis of CVDs. Ferroptosis is a new type of iron-dependent programmed cell death caused by excessive accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxides and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and abnormal iron metabolism. Ferroptosis differs from other known cell death pathways, such as apoptosis, necrosis, necroptosis, autophagy and pyroptosis. Several compounds have been shown to induce or inhibit ferroptosis by regulating related key factors or signalling pathways. Recent studies have confirmed that ferroptosis is associated with the development of diverse CVDs and may be a potential therapeutic drug target for CVDs. In this review, we summarize the characteristics and related mechanisms of ferroptosis and focus on its role in CVDs, with the goal of inspiring novel treatment strategies.

4.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For health systems, a fundamental challenge is adapting to changes in the patterns of health services that require technological and scientific innovations. The pace of multiple and interconnected challenges mounts extra stress on medical healthcare professionals and reduces their innovative capabilities, especially in low- and middle-income countries. To enhance the innovative capability of medical healthcare professionals under stress, the study seeks any possible correlation between stress and innovation. For that purpose, we sought to investigate the effects of stress on the innovative work behavior of employees and examine the mediating effect of health and moderating effect of supervisor support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 350 medical healthcare professionals were surveyed in different hospitals in Lahore through a survey regarding stress, health, innovative work behavior, and supervisor support with a final response rate of 89%. SPSS and AMOS were used for the analysis of the data and the investigation of the combined effects of the model. Exploratory (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were conducted to ensure the convergent and discriminant validity of the factors, while mediation analysis was done to check the mediating role of health. RESULTS: It has been observed that there is partial mediation of health between eustress and innovative work behavior whereas supervisor support does not moderate between eustress and health. Furthermore, the results indicate that distress is negatively associated with innovative behavior. In addition, health fully mediates between distress and innovative work behavior. If distress increases negative effects on health, then supervisor support reduces the negative impact of distress on health. Furthermore, supervisor support also reduces the negative impact of health on innovative work behavior. CONCLUSION: Our study outlines a hypothetical alternative situation that explains how the two emotions of eustress and distress are brought into play in the innovative work behavior of the employees. In addition, supervisors play an important role in influencing the sustainable innovation work behavior of their staff members.

5.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 89: 106149, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055015

RESUMO

To improve the gel properties of duck egg white gel and increase the industrial value of duck egg white, the mechanisms of ultrasound and synergetic phosphorylation/ultrasound treatments were examined in this study. It was found that as the ultrasound power increased, the surface hydrophobicity, hardness, and cohesiveness of the gel system increased, and the ζ-potential and water mobility decreased. Of the two treatments, phosphorylation/ultrasound had the strongest impact on the conformation and crystallinity of the gel system and promoted the formation of high molecular polymers. Both gel systems displayed enhanced compactness, stability, and gel strength because of the enhanced protein-protein interactions via hydrogen bonds and protein aggregation, and increased the content of intramolecular ß-sheets following ultrasound treatment, and synergetic phosphorylation/ultrasound further improved the stability, water binding and gel properties. This experiment showed that ultrasound and, particularly, phosphorylation/ultrasound are effective methods to improve the gel properties of duck egg white. This study enhanced our understanding of the interactions of sodium pyrophosphate and egg white under ultrasound treatment, and promote the potential application of sodium pyrophosphate and ultrasound treatment of novel food products.

6.
Sci Adv ; 8(36): eabq5108, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083908

RESUMO

Nucleotide-binding, leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs) perceive pathogen effectors to trigger plant immunity. The direct recognition mechanism of pathogen effectors by coiled-coil NLRs (CNLs) remains unclear. We demonstrate that the Triticum monococcum CNL Sr35 directly recognizes the pathogen effector AvrSr35 from Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici and report a cryo-electron microscopy structure of Sr35 resistosome and a crystal structure of AvrSr35. We show that AvrSr35 forms homodimers that are disassociated into monomers upon direct recognition by the leucine-rich repeat domain of Sr35, which induces Sr35 resistosome assembly and the subsequent immune response. The first 20 amino-terminal residues of Sr35 are indispensable for immune signaling but not for plasma membrane association. Our findings reveal the direct recognition and activation mechanism of a plant CNL and provide insights into biochemical function of Sr35 resistosome.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 853: 158627, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087671

RESUMO

The intolerance of high CO2 in the exhaust gas is the "bottleneck" limiting the wide application of microalgae for CO2 biosequestration. Around this topic, we selected high-CO2-tolerant (LAMB 33 and 31) and nontolerant (LAMB 122) Chlorella strains to study their different energy metabolisms and cytoplasmic pH regulations in response to high CO2. Under 40 % CO2, LAMB 33 and 31 both showed elevated ATP synthesis, accelerated ATP consumption and fast cytoplasmic pH regulation while exhibiting different acclimating strategies therein: chloroplast acclimations were reflected by high chlorophyll contents in 33 but photosystem transitions in 31; faster mitochondrial acclimations occurred in 33 than in 31; cellular organic carbon mainly flowed to monosaccharide synthesis for 33 but to monosaccharide and protein synthesis for 31; and cytoplasmic pH regulation was attributed to V-ATPase in 31 but not in 33. All the above metabolic processes gradually collapsed in 122, leading to growth inhibition. Our study identified different metabolic acclimation strategies among Chlorella strains to high CO2 and provided new traits for breeding microalgae for CO2 biosequestration.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 244: 114072, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113269

RESUMO

Increasing marine microplastics (MPs) pollution potentially threatens the stability of phytoplankton community structures in marine environments. MPs toxicities to microalgae are largely determined by particle size, while the size-dependent mechanisms are still not fully understood. In this study, two sizes (0.1 µm and 1 µm) of polystyrene (PS) MPs were used as experimental targets to systemically compare their different effecting mechanisms on the marine model diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana with respect to oxidative stress and photosynthesis. The results indicated the toxicity of 1 µm sized MPs was higher than 0.1 µm sized MPs regarding to population growth. In condition of similar microalgal population inhibition rates, we found more enhanced cellular oxidative stress and cell death happened in the 1 µm MPs treatments, which could be linked to higher zeta potential of 1 µm MPs and more severe cell surface damage; microalgal surface light shading and cellular pigments decline were more obvious in the 0.1 µm MPs treatment, which could be linked to high aggregation abilities of 0.1 µm MPs. Gene expressions supported the morphological and physiological findings on the transcriptional level. Environmental related MPs concentrations (5 µg L-1) also aroused gene expression changes of T. pseudonana while more changing genes were found under 0.1 µm MPs than 1 µm MPs. These results provide novel insights into the size-dependent mechanisms of MPs toxicity on marine microalgae, as well as their potential influence on the marine environment.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129877, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067563

RESUMO

Soil Cd pollution seriously threatens environment and human health. Due to its ability to absorb and accumulate Cd in mycelia, Stropharia rugosoannulata could be a potential candidate for bioremediation of Cd-contaminated soils; however, the response mechanism of mycelia to Cd stress is still unclear. In this study, the physiologic and proteomic differences of S. rugosoannulata mycelia under 0.2 mg/L (low) and 2 mg/L (high) Cd stress were investigated. The results showed that Cd accumulation and mycelial growth inhibition exhibited a concentration-depended trend. Analysis of antioxidant system indicated that SOD, GR, GSH, GSSG and ASA played key roles in resisting the toxic effects of Cd. Via proteome analysis, 24 and 267 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were observed under low and high Cd stress, respectively. GO and KEGG analysis found that the mycelial growth inhibition might due to the down-regulation of some DEPs involved in "valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis" and "tyrosine metabolism"; the certain tolerance to high Cd stress might attribute to the regulation of DEPs referred to energy metabolism and antioxidant system-related pathways, maintaining cellular energy homeostasis and removing ROS. These results provide a theoretical basis for further elucidation of response mechanisms in S. rugosoannulata to Cd stress.

10.
Chin Med Sci J ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100585

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of microvascular obstruction (MVO) on the global and regional myocardial function by cardiac magnetic resonance feature-tracking (CMR-FT) in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: Acute STEMI patients who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance at 1-7 days after successfully reperfusion were included in this retrospective study. Based on the presence or absence of MVO on late gadolinium enhancement images, the STEMI patients were divided into the group with MVO and without MVO. The infarct zone, adjacent zone and remote zone were determined based on a myocardial 16-segment model on late gadolinium enhancement images. The radial strain (RS), circumferential strain (CS) and longitudinal strain (LS) of the global left ventricle and infarct, adjacent and remote zone strains were measured by CMR-FT from cine images. The global and regional strains in patients with and without MVO were compared using independent-samples t-test. Logistic regression analysis was used to assay the association of MVO with the reduced left ventricular function. Results: A total of 157 STEMI patients (mean age 56.66 ± 11.38 years) were enrolled in the study. The MVO was detected in 59 of 157 (37.58%) STEMI patients and MVO mean size was 3.00 ± 3.76 ml. STEMI patients with MVO had reduced global RS (20.25% ± 4.75% vs. 24.14% ± 5.96%, t = -4.30, P < 0.001), global CS (-12.85% ± 2.52% vs. -14.99% ± 2.66%, t = 4.99, P < 0.001) and global LS (-10.80% ± 3.39% vs. -12.64% ± 3.03%, t = 3.51, P = 0.001) than those without MVO. In addition, RS (12.05% ± 5.83% vs. 15.92% ± 8.42%, t = -3.38, P = 0.001) and CS (-8.53% ± 4.83 % vs. -10.87% ± 5.70%, t = 2.64, P = 0.01) in infarct zone were significantly diminished and the infarct size (36.55 ± 16.55 ml vs. 17.97 ± 11.23 ml, t = 8.37, P < 0.001) was larger in patients with MVO, compared with patients without MVO. In univariable logistic regression analysis, the presence of left ventricular MVO [OR 4.10 (95%CI 2.05-8.19)] and left ventricular MVO size [OR 1.38 (95%CI 1.10-1.72)] were significantly associated with reduced left ventricular global CS. Conclusion: The infarct size was larger in STEMI patients with MVO and MVO deteriorates the global and regional myocardial function of left ventricle.

11.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100735

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Both cyclic pentapeptide c(RGDfK) and acridine orange (AO) exhibit antitumor effects and cell permeability. This study aimed to evaluate the nuclear targeting efficiency and safety of the nuclear targeting probe for bladder cancer (BCa) synthesized by c(RGDfK) and AO. METHODS: The nuclear targeting probe AO-(cRGDfK)2 was synthesized from AO hydrochloride, azided c(RGDfK), and a near-infrared skeleton synthesized via click chemistry reactions. The effect of the AO-(cRGDfK)2 probe on cell viability was assessed in BCa 5637 cells. The tumor cell targeting efficacy of the AO-(cRGDfK)2 probe was evaluated in BCa cells in vitro and in tumor-bearing mice in vivo. Nuclear-specific accumulation of fluorescence probe in BCa tumor cells was evaluated using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to detect histopathological changes in the spleen, heart, liver, and kidney. RESULTS: The AO-(cRGDfK)2 probe did not cause a significant reduction in cell viability. LSCM analysis showed that AO-(cRGDfK)2 exhibited nuclear-specific ambulation in BCa cells and was not accumulated in 293T cells. Also, this probe efficiently targeted tumor cells in the serum and urine samples. In vivo imaging system of tumor-bearing mice showed that ~ 80% percent of fluorescence signal was accumulated in the tumor sites. The probe did not change histopathology in the heart, liver, spleen, and kidney in tumor-bearing mice after the 21-day treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The AO-(cRGDfK)2 probe exhibited nuclear-specific accumulation in BCa cells without cytotoxicity, which provides an innovative alternative to improve anticancer therapy for BCa.

12.
Cell Biol Int ; 2022 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116024

RESUMO

MyoD family inhibitor (MDFI) is a myogenic transcription factor regulatory protein. MDFI has been proven to be upregulated and to promote cell proliferation in colorectal cancer. However, the role of MDFI in gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. In this study, MDFI expression in GC tissues and cell lines was examined by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, clone formation assay, and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine assay were used to evaluate GC cell proliferation. Glycolysis was assessed by measuring glucose consumption and lactate and ATP production using commercial assay kits. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of glycolytic key proteins and Wnt/ß-catenin pathway proteins. To activate Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, GC cells were treated with CHIR-99021. We found that MDFI expression was increased in GC tumor tissues and cells with a positive correlation with poor survival. Knockdown of MDFI inhibited the increase in GC cell proliferation and glycolysis induced by Helicobacter pylori. Helicobacter pylori infection promoted MDFI expression and activated Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. What is more, activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway remarkably reversed the effect of knocking down MDFI on GC cells. Further studies found that MDFI participated in GC cell proliferation and glycolysis by regulating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, thereby affecting the development of GC. In conclusion, we demonstrated for the first time that knockdown of MDFI inhibited the increase in GC cell proliferation and glycolysis by regulating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. MDFI may be a new target for the clinical treatment of GC.

13.
STAR Protoc ; 3(3): 101650, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065291

RESUMO

Syntheses using classic coupling reactions can be tedious, leading to a dearth of ambipolar semiconducting polymers. Here, we detail the rapid synthesis of balanced ambipolar polymers by using a carbon-hydrogen (C-H) activation strategy. Using this protocol, two C-H reactive hydrogenated monomers and six ambipolar polymers can be rapidly synthesized within 2 h via C-H activation and the optoelectronic properties of the resultant polymers can be characterized. We also describe the fabrication process and performance evaluation of the ambipolar polymers-based organic transistors. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Shen et al. (2022).


Assuntos
Polímeros , Transistores Eletrônicos , Carbono , Hidrogênio
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 934442, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110859

RESUMO

Introduction: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell (CAR-T) therapy followed by haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) markedly improves the long-term survival of patients with refractory/relapsed (R/R) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Methods: We performed a parallel comparison of transplant outcomes in 168 B-ALL patients undergoing haplo-HSCT after achieving minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative complete remission (CR) from CAR-T therapy (n = 28) or chemotherapy (n = 140) between January 2016 and August 2021. We further divided the chemotherapy group into the first CR group (chemo+CR1, n = 118) and a second or more CR group (chemo+≥CR2, n = 22). Results: With a median follow-up period of 31.0 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse rates in the CAR-T and chemotherapy groups did not differ significantly (OS, 87.9% vs. 71.5 %; LFS, 72.0% vs. 66.8%; NRM, 3.9% vs. 13.7%; relapse, 24.1% vs. 19.4%). Multivariate analysis confirmed that ≥CR2 at transplantation following chemotherapy was an independent risk factor associated with poor OS (hazard ratio (HR) 4.22 [95% CI, 1.34-13.293], p = 0.014) and LFS (HR 2.57 [95% CI, 1.041-6.343], p = 0.041). The probabilities of OS and LFS at 2 years in the CAR-T group were comparable to those in the chemo+CR1 group but significantly higher than those in the chemo+≥CR2 group (OS, 87.9% vs. 37.8%, p = 0.007; LFS, 72.0% vs. 41.7%, p = 0.043). No significant differences in the incidences of NRM were noted among the three groups. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that patients with R/R B-ALL receiving haplo-HSCT after CAR-T therapy achieved comparable outcomes to patients transplanted post-chemotherapy-based MRD-negative CR1, without increased risk of transplant-related mortality and toxicity.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Recidiva
15.
Front Genet ; 13: 957030, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118895

RESUMO

Asthma is the most common chronic condition among children; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Dysregulated immune response and different infiltration states of immune cells are critical for asthma pathogenesis. Here, three childhood asthma gene expression datasets were used to detect key genes, immune cells, and pathways involved in childhood asthma. From these datasets, 33 common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, which showed enrichment in the T helper 1 (Th1) and T helper 2 (Th2) cell differentiation pathway and the T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation pathway. Using the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), CD3D and CD3G were identified as key genes closely correlated with childhood asthma. Upregulation of CD3D and CD3G was further validated in bronchoalveolar lavage cells from childhood asthmatics with control individuals by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The immune cell infiltration analysis indicated that CD3D and CD3G were negatively correlated with increased resting mast cells and eosinophils, and highly correlated with several cell markers of Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells. In addition, we found that CD3D and CD3G were closely related to the Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation pathway and the Th17 cell differentiation pathway. Our results reveal the important roles of two key genes and immune infiltration in the pathogenesis of childhood asthma. Thus, this study provides a new perspective for exploring potential molecular targets for childhood asthma treatment.

16.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125239

RESUMO

(+)-Talarolactone C ( 1 ), Talarolactone A ( 2 ), Talarolactone B ( 3 , sulfoxide derivative), and Talarolactone D ( 4 , sulfone derivative) were isolated from Talaromyces sp. which was cultured in rice medium with sodium butyrate. The structures of talarolactone analogues above were characterized by a combination of spectroscopic, X-ray crystallographic, and computational methods. These talarolactones and Talarolactone A sodium ( 5 ) with the same carbon skeleton showed different fluorescence characteristics.

17.
J Affect Disord ; 318: 456-464, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various populations have experienced significant increases in depression and decreased quality of life (QOL) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This network analysis study was designed to elucidate interconnections between particular depressive symptoms and different aspects of QOL and identify the most clinically important symptoms in this network among adults in Wuhan China, the initial epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This cross-sectional, convenience-sampling study (N = 2459) was conducted between May 25 to June 18, 2020, after the lockdown policy had been lifted in Wuhan. Depressive symptoms and QOL were measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and first two items of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire - brief version (WHOQOL-BREF), respectively. A network structure was constructed from the extended Bayesian Information Criterion (EBIC) model. Network centrality strength and bridge strength were evaluated along with the stability of the derived network model. RESULTS: Loss of energy (DEP-4) and Guilt feelings (DEP-6) were the two central symptoms with the highest strength as well as the two most prominent bridge symptoms connecting the clusters of depression and quality of life (QOL) in tandem with the two nodes from the QOL cluster. Network structure and bridge strengths remained stable after randomly dropping 75 % of the sample. CONCLUSION: Interventions targeting "Loss of energy" and "Guilt feelings" should be evaluated as strategies for reducing depressive symptoms and promoting improved QOL in COVID-19-affected populations.

18.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 376, 2022 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extent and severity of post-COVID-19 mental health symptoms among frontline clinicians are not clear. This study compared mental health symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety, and insomnia symptoms) and global quality of life (QOL) after the first COVID-19 outbreak between the COVID-19 treating and non-COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians. METHODS: This cross-sectional, comparative, convenient-sampling study was conducted between October 13 and 22, 2020, which was five months after the first COVID-19 outbreak in China was brought under control. The severity of depression, anxiety, insomnia symptoms, and global QOL of the clinicians were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 items (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 items (GAD-7), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF), respectively. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to identify comparable COVID-19 treating and non-COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians. A generalized linear model (GLM) was used to assess the differences in PHQ-9, GAD-7, ISI, and QOL scores between the COVID-19 treating and non-COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians. RESULTS: In total, 260 COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians and 260 matched non- COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians were included. Non-COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians experienced more frequent workplace violence (WPV) than the COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians (χ2 = 7.6, p = 0.006). COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians reported higher QOL compared to their non-COVID-19 treating frontline counterparts (b = 0.3, p = 0.042), after adjusting for WPV experience. COVID-19 treating and non- COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians reported similar PHQ-9, GAD-7, and ISI total scores (all p values > 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study did not reveal more severe post-COVID-19 mental health symptoms in COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians compared to non-COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians. It is possible that the implementation of timely and appropriate mental health, social and financial supports could have prevented the worsening of mental health symptoms among the COVID-19 treating frontline clinicians after the first COVID-19 outbreak in China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pontuação de Propensão , Qualidade de Vida
19.
Food Funct ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093635

RESUMO

Background: The association between the ratio of fiber to carbohydrate (F : C-R) and cancer mortality is not currently well-known. We prospectively evaluated for the first time the aforementioned topic among ovarian cancer (OC) patients. Methods: A total of 703 newly diagnosed OC patients aged 18-79 years were included. Pre-diagnosis diet intake details were collected with a validated food frequency questionnaire. Deaths were ascertained until March 31, 2021, based on medical records and the cancer registry. Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) between pre-diagnostic fiber, carbohydrate, and F : C-R intake and OC mortality. Restricted cubic splines were used to analyze the potential nonlinear relationship between F : C-R and OC mortality. Results: During the follow-up period (median: 37.2 months; interquartile: 24.7-50.2 months), we observed 130 (18.49%) OC patients died. The pre-diagnosis higher fiber intake (comparing the highest with the lowest tertile of intake: HR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.35-0.92; HR per 1 SD increment: 0.78, 95% CI = 0.64-0.96; P trend < 0.05) and higher F : C-R intake (comparing the highest with the lowest tertile of intake: HR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.31-0.85; HR per 1-SD increment: 0.73; 95% CI = 0.59-0.91; P trend < 0.05) were significantly associated with lower mortality for OC patients, but no evidence of the association between pre-diagnosis carbohydrate intake and OC mortality was observed. We found no evidence of a nonlinear relationship between F : C-R and OC mortality. Significant inverse associations were also observed for subgroup analyses stratified by age at diagnosis, menopausal status, residual lesions, histological type, FIGO stage, and body mass index, although not all associations showed statistical significance. Conclusion: Pre-diagnosis high fiber intake and high F : C-R diet intake were associated with a decreased risk of OC mortality.

20.
PeerJ ; 10: e13840, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128195

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic disrupted the working lives of Macau residents, possibly leading to mental health issues such as depression. The pandemic served as the context for this investigation of the network structure of depressive symptoms in a community sample. This study aimed to identify the backbone symptoms of depression and to propose an intervention target. Methods: This study recruited a convenience sample of 975 Macao residents between 20th August and 9th November 2020. In an electronic survey, depressive symptoms were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Symptom relationships and centrality indices were identified using directed and undirected network estimation methods. The undirected network was constructed using the extended Bayesian information criterion (EBIC) model, and the directed network was constructed using the Triangulated Maximally Filtered Graph (TMFG) method. The stability of the centrality indices was evaluated by a case-dropping bootstrap procedure. Wilcoxon signed rank tests of the centrality indices were used to assess whether the network structure was invariant between age and gender groups. Results: Loss of energy, psychomotor problems, and guilt feelings were the symptoms with the highest centrality indices, indicating that these three symptoms were backbone symptoms of depression. The directed graph showed that loss of energy had the highest number of outward projections to other symptoms. The network structure remained stable after randomly dropping 50% of the study sample, and the network structure was invariant by age and gender groups. Conclusion: Loss of energy, psychomotor problems and guilt feelings constituted the three backbone symptoms during the pandemic. Based on centrality and relative influence, loss of energy could be targeted by increasing opportunities for physical activity.

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