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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein can be used as an emulsifier to improve emulsion stability at the interface of water-in-oil emulsion. However, natural soybean protein isolate (SPI) does not meet the high demands as an emulsifier in the food industry. The effect of acylation modification by ethylenediaminetetraacetic dianhydride (0-300 g kg-1 ) on the physicochemical properties of SPI was studied. RESULTS: The results of the FTIR spectra analyses showed that carboxyl groups were introduced into the SPI structure by the EDTAD treatment. The carboxyl concentration of SPI was increased by 30 % to 74.07 % with the increase of EDTAD addition from 50 to 300 g kg-1 . When 150 g kg-1 EDTAD was added, the surface Hydrophobicity, the emulsifying activity and the absolute value of the zeta potential were increased by 213 %, 120 % and 68% respectively, while the particle size decreased to 247 nm. The droplet size of emulsion decreased to 10µm when pH was 6. At the same concentration of SPI and pH, the absolute value of zeta potential of the emulsion was biggest. A comparison of the emulsions during storage showed the improvement of emulsion stability related to the increase in the zeta potential and the decrease in the average particle size. The experimental group showed no destabilization on the 21st day and no obvious aggregation phenomenon was observed. CONCLUSION: The acylation modification by EDTAD changed the emulsifying properties of SPI and enhanced the stability of SPI emulsion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444481

RESUMO

We report an electrochemical method for coupling biomass-derived C5/C6 compounds to value-added fuel precursors.  Using only 2% of equivalent charges, 2-methylfuran (2-MF) was oxidized to yield a cation radical, which readily reacted with 3-hexene-2,5-dione, a derivate of 2,5-dimethylfuran, to produce 3-(5-methylfuran-2-yl)hexane-2,5-dione.  The product was converted to 4-ethylnonane (a component of biodiesel/jet fuel) in a single step in excellent yield. Importantly, the reaction was not sensitive to oxygen, and a trace amount of water was found to promote the reaction. Detailed mechanistic studies confirmed the proposed reaction pathways.  Key to the mechanism is the radical generation that is enabled by electrochemistry. The radical is regenerated at the end of a reaction cycle to ensure chain propagation for an average of ca. 47 times, resulting in an apparent Faradaic efficiency of 4,700%.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 589: 336-346, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482533

RESUMO

Fabrication of binary composite has proved to be an efficient approach to improve the photocatalytic activity of monomer photocatalyst. In this contribution, an effective Reduced Graphene Oxide/Bismuth Tungsten Oxide (rGO/Bi2WO6) composite with outstanding photocatalytic activity was designed by employing Bi2WO6 as a primary photocatalyst and rGO as an electron acceptor and transporter for norfloxacin degradation in aquatic environment. The rGO/Bi2WO6 composite displayed higher photocatalytic activity compare with pure Bi2WO6, which could degrade about 87.49% of norfloxacin with 180 min under visible light irradiation. The results of the UV-vis diffuse reflection spectrum, photoluminescence spectra and transient photocurrent response implied that the enhanced photocatalytic activity of the rGO/Bi2WO6 composite could be attributed to the improved visible light-harvesting ability and the efficient charge separation ability. Additionally, the reactive-species-trapping experiments indicated that ⋅OH and e- played dominant roles during the photocatalytic degradation process. Four possible intermediates and two possible transformation pathways of norfloxacin degradation were detected by LC-MS. This present work provided a low-cost and facile green method to design of Bi-based composite.

5.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 26, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 variation is a significant genetic factor relating to development delay and/or intellectual disability. However, the prevalence, genetic characteristics and clinical phenotype in Chinese patients are unknown. METHODS: In total 6034 patients with development delay and/or intellectual disability were screened by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) P245 and G-band karyotyping. The positive patients with 22q11.2 imbalance were confirmed by MLPA P250 assay. RESULTS: 52 (0.86%) patients were found to carry different levels of 22q11.2 variations, in which 37 cases (71.2%) had heterozygous deletions, whereas 15 (28.8%) had heterogeneous duplications. 34 cases (65.4%) carried typical imbalance from low copy repeat (LCR) 22 A to D. The other cases had atypical variations, relating to LCR22 A-B, LCR22 C-D, LCR22 B-D, LCR22 D-E, LCR22 E-F and LCR22 B-F region. The phenotypes of these 52 patients were variable, including development delay, language delay, facial anomalies, heart defects, psychiatric/behavior problems, epilepsy, periventricular leukomalacia, hearing impairment, growth delay etc. CONCLUSION: These data revealed the prevalence and variability of 22q11.2 genomic imbalance in Chinese patients with development delay and/or intellectual disability. It suggested that genetic detection of 22q11.2 is necessary, especially for the patients with mental retardation and development disorders, which deserves the attention of all pediatricians in their daily work.

6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111700, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396031

RESUMO

Sertraline (SER) is one of the most frequently detected antidepressant drugs in aquatic environments. However, knowledge regarding SER-induced behavioral alterations in fish is insufficient, as well as the mechanisms underlying SER-induced toxicity. The present study aimed to determine behavioral and molecular responses in larval fish following SER exposure with a focus on its mode of action. Zebrafish embryos (~6 h-post-fertilization, hpf) were exposed to one of three concentrations of SER (1, 10, 100 µg/L) for 6 days, respectively. Evaluated parameters included development, behavior, transcripts related to serotonin signaling, serotonin levels, and acetylcholinesterase activity. Accelerated hatching of zebrafish embryos was observed for those fish exposed to 100 µg/L SER at 54 hpf. Locomotor activity (e.g. distance moved and mobile cumulative duration) was significantly reduced in larval zebrafish following exposure to 10 and 100 µg/L SER. Conversely, larval fish showed increased dark-avoidance after exposure to 1-100 µg/L SER. Of the measured transcripts related to serotonin signaling, only serotonin transporter (serta) and serotonin receptor 2c (5-ht2c) mRNA levels were increased in fish in response to 10 µg/L SER treatment. However, serotonin levels were unaltered in larvae exposed to SER. There were no differences among groups in acetylcholinesterase activity at any concentration tested. Taking together, the results evidenced that exposure to SER alters behavioral responses in early-staged zebrafish, which may be related to the abnormal expression of 5-ht2c. This study elucidates molecular responses to SER and characterizes targets that may be sensitive to antidepressant pharmaceuticals in larval fish.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/toxicidade , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Sertralina/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Animais , Antidepressivos/análise , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião não Mamífero/fisiologia , Locomoção/efeitos dos fármacos , Serotonina/metabolismo , Sertralina/análise , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
7.
Angiology ; 72(1): 78-85, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812445

RESUMO

The smoker's paradox refers to an increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes after smoking cessation in patients with coronary artery disease. The mechanisms involved are controversial. The present study evaluated the effect of delay in smoking cessation on clinical outcomes among patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) stratified by diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients included in this study came from an established Fu Wai hospital PCI cohort. Smoking behavior was recorded; clinical end points included all-cause mortality and repeat revascularization. The analyses were based on 8489 smokers who underwent PCI. Patients with and without DM were examined separately. Multivariable model analysis suggested that smoking cessation was associated with significant lower all-cause mortality both for non-DM and DM patients. The smoking paradox was observed for revascularization. However, the increased risk of repeat revascularization correlated with quitting time among non-DM patients only, especially if they stopped smoking late (>90 days) after their index procedure (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.40; 95% CI: 2.45-4.72). In conclusion, smoking cessation is associated with a lower mortality rate for PCI patients. However, the relative benefit on repeated revascularization was only observed among non-DM patients if they quit smoking early.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumantes , Fatores de Tempo
8.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(2): 1454-1468, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691413

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is acknowledged as a serious chronic complication of diabetes mellitus. Nevertheless, its pathogenesis is complicated and unclear. Thus, in this study, the role of miR-27a-3p-prohibitin/TMBIM6 signaling axis in the progression of DN was elucidated. Type 2 diabetic db/db mice and high glucose (HG)-challenged HK-2 cells were used as in vivo and in vitro models. Our results showed that miR-27a-3p was upregulated and prohibitin or transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6 (TMBIM6) was downregulated in the kidney tissues of db/db mice and HG-treated HK-2 cells. Silencing miR-27a-3p enhanced the expression of prohibitin and TMBIM6 in the kidney tissues and HK-2 cells. Inhibition of miR-27a-3p improved functional injury, as evidenced by decreased blood glucose, urinary albumin, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen levels. MiR-27a-3p silencing ameliorated renal fibrosis, reflected by reduced profibrogenic genes (e.g., transforming growth factor ß1, fibronectin, collagen I and III, and α-smooth muscle actin). Furthermore, inhibition of miR-27a-3p relieved mitochondrial dysfunction in the kidney of db/db mice, including upregulation of mitochondrial membrane potential, complex I and III activities, adenosine triphosphate, and mitochondrial cytochrome C, as well as suppressing reactive oxygen species production. In addition, miR-27a-3p silencing attenuated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, reflected by reduced expression of p-IRE1α, p-eIF2α, XBP1s, and CHOP. Mechanically, we identified prohibitin and TMBIM6 as direct targets of miR-27a-3p. Inhibition of miR-27a-3p protected HG-treated HK-2 cells from apoptosis, extracellular matrix accumulation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ER stress by regulating prohibitin or TMBIM6. Taken together, we reveal that miR-27a-3p-prohibitin/TMBIM6 signaling axis regulates the progression of DN, which can be a potential therapeutic target.

9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 133: 111056, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378960

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive and lethal cardiopulmonary. Pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) caused by excessive proliferation and apoptosis resistance of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is the chief pathological feature of PAH. Dioscin is a natural product that possesses multiple pharmacological activities, but its effect on PAH remains unclear. In this study, effect of dioscin on vascular remodeling in PAH was assessed in hypoxia-induced PASMCs, hypoxia-induced and monocrotaline (MCT)-induced rats. Western blot, Real-time PCR and siRNA transfection tests were applied to evaluate the possible mechanisms of dioscin. In vitro experiments, results showed dioscin markedly inhibited the proliferation and migration, and promoted apoptosis of hypoxic PASMCs. In vivo, dioscin significantly decreased the right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI), and improved pulmonary vascular stenosis in rats induced by hypoxia or MCT. Molecular mechanism studies showed that dioscin significantly reduced the expression of growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2). Subsequently, dioscin reduced the expressions of Ras, Cyclin D1, CDK4, c-Fos, PCNA and p-ERK to inhibit proliferation and migration of PASMCs, inhibited p-PI3K and p-AKT levels and increased Bax/Bcl2 ratio to promote cell apoptosis. GRB2 siRNA transfection in PASMCs further confirmed that the inhibitory action of dioscin in PAH was evoked by adjusting GRB2/ERK/PI3K-AKT signal. Taken together, our study indicated that dioscin attenuates PAH through adjusting GRB2/ERK/PI3K-AKT signal to inhibit PASMCs proliferation and migration, and promote apoptosis, and dioscin may be developed as a therapeutic strategy for treating PAH in the future.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260372

RESUMO

Concerns regarding environmental exposures and the impacts of pharmaceuticals on non-target aquatic organisms continue to increase. The antiepileptic drug carbamazepine (CBZ) is often detected as an aquatic contaminant and can disrupt various behaviors of fishes. However, there are few reports which investigate the mechanism of CBZ action in fish. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects of CBZ on embryonic development (i.e., hatching rate, heart rate, and body length) and early spontaneous movement. Moreover, we sought to investigate potential mechanisms by focusing on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter system in zebrafish 6 days after of exposure. The results show that CBZ exposure did not cause significant effects on embryo development (hatching rate, heart rate, nor body length) at the test concentrations. However, the early spontaneous movement of embryos was inhibited following 10 µg/L CBZ exposure at 28-29 h post-fertilization (hpf). In addition, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and GABA concentrations were increased with exposure, whereas glutamate (Glu) concentrations were decreased in larval zebrafish. Gene expression analysis revealed that GABA and glutamate metabolic pathways in zebrafish larvae were altered following exposure to CBZ. GABA transaminase (abat) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (gad1b) decreased to 100 µg/L, and glutamate receptor, ionotropic, N-methyl D-aspartate 1b (grin1b) as well as the glutamate receptor, ionotropic, α-amino-3hydroxy-5methylisoxazole-4propionic 2b (gria2b) were down-regulated with exposure to 1 µg/L CBZ. Our study suggests that CBZ, which can act as an agonist of the GABAA receptor in humans, can also induce alterations in the GABAergic system in fish. Overall, this study improves understanding of the neurotoxicity and behavioral toxicity of zebrafish exposed to CBZ and generates data to be used to understand mechanisms of action that may underlie antiepileptic drug exposures.

11.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159174

RESUMO

Recent evidence shows that the expression levels of histamine receptor H3 (Hrh3) are upregulated in several types of cancer. However, the role of Hrh3 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been elucidated. In the present study, we showed that the expression levels of Hrh3 were significantly increased in NSCLC samples, and high levels of Hrh3 were associated with poor overall survival (OS) in NSCLC patients. In five human NSCLC cell lines tested, Hrh3 was significantly upregulated. In NSCLC cell lines H1975, H460, and A549, Hrh3 antagonist ciproxifan (CPX, 10-80 µM) exerted moderate and concentration-dependent inhibition on the cell growth and induced apoptosis, whereas its agonist RAMH (80 µM) reversed these effects. Furthermore, inhibition of Hrh3 by CPX or siRNA retarded the migration and invasion of NSCLC cells through inhibiting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression via reducing the phosphorylation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR and MEK/ERK signaling pathways. In nude mice bearing H1975 cell xenograft or A549 cell xenograft, administration of CPX (3 mg/kg every other day, intraperitoneal) significantly inhibited the tumor growth with increased E-cadherin and ZO-1 expression and decreased Fibronectin expression in tumor tissue. In conclusion, this study reveals that Hrh3 plays an important role in the growth and metastasis of NSCLC; it might be a potential therapeutic target against the lung cancer.

12.
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat ; 152: 106503, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199266

RESUMO

In this article, we found that 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) reduced Na/K-ATPase α1 expression via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. The ubiquitination level of Na/K-ATPase α1 protein was increased in 20-HETE-treated mouse cortical collecting duct cells and the kidney tissues of CYP4F2 transgenic mice. We also demonstrated that 20-HETE-induced high level phosphorylation of Na/K-ATPase α1 was necessary for its ubiquitination.The protein kinase C inhibitor sotrastaurin significantly reduced the phosphorylation of Na/K-ATPase α1 and increased the expression of Na/K-ATPase α1 although 20-HETE stimulus being applied at the same time. Moreover, high level of 20-HETE increased the expression and neddylation of Cullin3,which is an important ubiquitin E3 ligase in kidney. MLN4924, an inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme, inhibited neddylation of Cullin3 and reversed the reduction of Na/K-ATPase α1 expression caused by 20-HETE. Thus, 20-HETE downregulates Na/K-ATPase α1 via the ubiquitination pathway, and phosphorylation of Na/K-ATPase α1 is a prerequisite to ubiquitination. Additionally, 20-HETE regulates Cullin3 expression via neddylation.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5573, 2020 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149122

RESUMO

Non-coding mutations can create splice sites, however the true extent of how such somatic non-coding mutations affect RNA splicing are largely unexplored. Here we use the MiSplice pipeline to analyze 783 cancer cases with WGS data and 9494 cases with WES data, discovering 562 non-coding mutations that lead to splicing alterations. Notably, most of these mutations create new exons. Introns associated with new exon creation are significantly larger than the genome-wide average intron size. We find that some mutation-induced splicing alterations are located in genes important in tumorigenesis (ATRX, BCOR, CDKN2B, MAP3K1, MAP3K4, MDM2, SMAD4, STK11, TP53 etc.), often leading to truncated proteins and affecting gene expression. The pattern emerging from these exon-creating mutations suggests that splice sites created by non-coding mutations interact with pre-existing potential splice sites that originally lacked a suitable splicing pair to induce new exon formation. Our study suggests the importance of investigating biological and clinical consequences of noncoding splice-inducing mutations that were previously neglected by conventional annotation pipelines. MiSplice will be useful for automatically annotating the splicing impact of coding and non-coding mutations in future large-scale analyses.

14.
Exp Cell Res ; 397(1): 112335, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132134

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Skp2, an oncoprotein, regulates tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Ku70 is a critical component of the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) process. Both Skp2 and Ku70 are positively associated in multiple cancers. However, there is no report about the relationship between Skp2 and Ku70 proteins. METHODS: In this study, we carried out Bioinformatics and molecular biological methods to investigate the relationship between Skp2 and Ku70 proteins. RESULTS: We first observed Skp2 and Ku70 mRNAs were significantly increased in cervical cancer tissues. And we identified Ku70 as a Skp2-binding protein and the binding site located in the C-terminal of Ku70 protein. We further found that Skp2 knockdown decreased the Ku70 protein level in cells, and increase the cellular apoptosis and DNA damage, suggesting Skp2 mediates the Ku70 protein stability and function via post-translational modification. CONCLUSION: The direct interaction between Skp2 and Ku70 proteins mediates the DNA damage repair and cellular apoptosis by regulating Ku70 stability and function via post-translational modification. The molecular mechanisms how Skp2 stabilize Ku70 would be clarified in our following research work.

15.
Platelets ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141634

RESUMO

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) score emerged as a tool for quantification of ischemia and bleeding risks. However, there was discrepancy of the prediction ability of DAPT score in previous studies. We aimed to assess the utility of DAPT score in a large-scale cohort of consecutive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients. This study enrolled 9,114 patients who had undergone PCI at Fuwai Hospital in 2013, adhered to DAPT and were event-free within the first 12 months following PCI. The endpoints included primary ischemic endpoints (major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and myocardial infarction and/or stent thrombosis), and bleeding endpoint from 12 through 24 months after PCI. Patients were classified into low (score <2, n = 3,989) and high (score ≥2, n = 5,125) DAPT score groups. The incidence rates of primary ischemic endpoints and bleeding endpoint were similar between the two groups. Multivariable analysis demonstrated DAPT score not to be an independent predictor of primary ischemic endpoints or bleeding endpoint. Based on receiver operating characteristic curves analysis, the C-statistic of DAPT score for primary ischemic endpoints or bleeding endpoint did not achieve a significant extent. In this large-scale cohort of PCI patients, DAPT score did not discriminate the risks of ischemic and bleeding events.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(42): 24633-24639, 2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095223

RESUMO

In nano-confined systems, the properties of a fluid are different from those of macroscopic systems, and the properties of a nanotube can significantly affect water transport. However, our knowledge of the effects of nanotube shape is far from adequate. In the present work, we study the properties of a fluid transporting in different nano-confined configurations by molecular dynamics simulations. This study is aimed at gaining insight into the transport of water molecules in carbon nanotubes with different configurations. We find that the closer of channel shape to the circular nanotube (more sides of the channel), the lower friction coefficient of the solid-liquid interface has and the friction coefficient of nanochannels increases with R when R < 1.0 nm. The friction coefficient converges to a stable value (close to the friction coefficient of graphene/water) when R > 1.0 nm. A variety of configurations leads to the variation of the fluid properties in nanotubes. Our results can be applied to the nanofluid properties of a complex channel structure and water nanochannel microscopic design.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(21): 9304-9312, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086017

RESUMO

Developing high-efficiency photocatalysts for clean energy generation is a grand challenge, which requires simultaneously steering photocarrier dynamics and chemical activity for a specific reaction. To this end, here for the first time, we explore the real-time photocarrier transport property and catalytic mechanism of nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) at the interface of bismuth oxyhalides (BiOX, X = Cl, Br, and I), an inexpensive and green semiconductor. By time-dependent ab initio non-adiabatic molecular dynamics simulations, we show that the separation and recombination processes of excited carriers as well as the catalytic activity can be concurrently optimized by precise band structure engineering. The exact influence of impurity states and heterojunction on the reduction power and lifetime of photogenerated carriers, light absorbance, and NRR activity/selectivity of BiOX are clearly unveiled, to provide essential physical insights for improving the photocatalytic efficiency of semiconductors for practical solar energy conversion and hydrogen fuel storage.

18.
J Glob Health ; 10(2): 020510, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110593

RESUMO

Background: As an emergent and fulminant infectious disease, Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a worldwide pandemic. The early identification and timely treatment of severe patients are crucial to reducing the mortality of COVID-19. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and early predictors for severe COVID-19, and to establish a prediction model for the identification and triage of severe patients. Methods: All confirmed patients with COVID-19 admitted by the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were enrolled in this retrospective non-interventional study. The patients were divided into a mild group and a severe group, and the clinical data were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to identify the independent early predictors for severe COVID-19, and the prediction model was constructed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the prediction model and each early predictor. Results: A total of 40 patients were enrolled in this study, of whom 19 were mild and 21 were severe. The proportions of patients with venerable age (≥60 years old), comorbidities, and hypertension in severe patients were higher than that of the mild (P < 0.05). The duration of fever and respiratory symptoms, and the interval from illness onset to viral clearance were longer in severe patients (P < 0.05). Most patients received at least one form of oxygen treatments, while severe patients required more mechanical ventilation (P < 0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that venerable age, hypertension, lymphopenia, hypoalbuminemia and elevated neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were the independent high-risk factors for severe COVID-19. ROC curves demonstrated significant predictive value of age, lymphocyte count, albumin and NLR for severe COVID-19. The sensitivity and specificity of the newly constructed prediction model for predicting severe COVID-19 was 90.5% and 84.2%, respectively, and whose positive predictive value, negative predictive value and crude agreement were all over 85%. Conclusions: The severe COVID-19 risk model might help clinicians quickly identify severe patients at an early stage and timely take optimal therapeutic schedule for them.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos
19.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240042, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007009

RESUMO

Kompetitive allele-specific PCR (KASP) is a cost-effective single-step SNP genotyping technology, With an objective to enhance the marker repertoire and develop high efficient KASP-SNP markers in Chinese cabbage, we re-sequenced four Chinese cabbage doubled haploid (DH) lines, Y177-47, Y635-10, Y510-1 and Y510-9, and generated a total of more than 38.5 billion clean base pairs. A total of 827,720 SNP loci were identified with an estimated density of 3,217 SNPs/Mb. Further, a total of 387,354 SNPs with at least 30 bp to the next most adjacent SNPs on either side were selected as resource for KASP markers. From this resource, 258 (96.27%) of 268 SNP loci were successfully transformed into KASP-SNP markers using a Roche LightCycler 480-II instrument. Among these markers, 221 (85.66%) were co-dominant markers, 220 (85.27%) were non-synonymous SNPs, and 257 (99.6%) were newly developed markers. In addition, 53 markers were applied for genotyping of 34 Brassica rapa accessions. Cluster analysis separated these 34 accessions into three clusters based on heading types. The millions of SNP loci, a large set of resource for KASP markers, as well as the newly developed KASP markers in this study may facilitate further genetic and molecular breeding studies in Brassica rapa.


Assuntos
Alelos , Brassica rapa/genética , Embaralhamento de DNA , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; : 100693, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032817

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses great challenge on public health globally. To clarify the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on in-hospital management and outcomes for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in the nonepicenter. We enrolled consecutive STEMI patients who visited Fuwai Hospital from January to March, 2020 (N = 73) and also established a historical control including all consecutive STEMI patients in the same period of 2019 (N = 95). The primary outcome was defined as a composite endpoint of all-cause death, heart failure, cardiac shock, and cardiac arrest during hospitalization. Emergency response for COVID-19 resulted in a significant 77.6% reduction in the number of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and a trend toward higher rate of primary composite endpoint (15.1% vs 11.6%, P = 0.51). COVID-19 pandemic results in a significant reduction in emergent reperfusion therapy, and a trend toward higher in-hospital adverse events risk.

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