Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.559
Filtrar
1.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(14): 2404-2411, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a life-threatening zoonosis caused by the Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato). Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the world. The coexistence of CE and HCC is exceedingly rare, and only several well-documented cases have been reported. In addition to this coexistence, there is no report of the coexistence of CE, HCC, and liver abscess to date. Herein, we aimed to report a case of coexistence of liver abscess, hepatic CE, and HCC. CASE SUMMARY: A 65-year-old herdsman presented to the department of interventional therapy with jaundice, right upper abdominal distension and pain for 10 d. Laboratory test showed that he had positive results for HBsAg, HBeAb, HBcAb, and echinococcosis IgG antibody. The test also showed an increased level of alpha fetoprotein of 3400 ng/mL. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an uneven enhanced lesion of the liver at the arterial phase with enhancement and was located S4/8 segment of the liver. In addition, CT scan also revealed a mass in the S6 segment of the liver with a thick calcified wall and according to current guideline and medical images, the diagnoses of hepatic CE (CE4 subtype) and HCC were established. Initially, transarterial chemoembolization was performed for HCC. In the follow-up, liver abscess occurred in addition to CE and HCC; thus, percutaneous liver puncture drainage was performed. In the next follow-up, CE and HCC were stable. The liver abscess was completely resolved, and the patient was discharged with no evidence of recurrence. CONCLUSION: This is the first reported case on the coexistence of liver abscess, hepatic CE, and HCC. Individualized treatment and multidisciplinary discussions should be performed in this setting. Therefore, treatment and diagnosis should be based on the characteristics of liver abscess, hepatic CE, and HCC, and in future clinical work, it is necessary to be aware of the possibility of this complex composition of liver diseases.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759633

RESUMO

The significant volume change experienced by silicon (Si) anodes during lithiation/delithiation cycles often triggers mechanical-electrochemical failures, undermining their utility in high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Herein, we propose a sub micro-nano-structured Si based material to address the persistent challenge of mechanic-electrochemical coupling issue during cycling. The mesoporous Si-based composite submicrospheres (M-Si/SiO2/CS) with a high Si/SiO2 content of 84.6 wt.% is prepared by magnesiothermic reduction of mesoporous SiO2 submicrospheres followed by carbon coating. M-Si/SiO2/CS anode can maintain a high specific capacity of 740 mAh g-1 at 0.5 A g-1 after 100 cycles with a lower electrode thickness swelling rate of 63%, and exhibits a good long-term cycling stability of 570 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1 after 250 cycles. This remarkable Li-storage performance can be attributed to the synergistic effects of the hierarchical structure and SiO2 frameworks. The spherical structure mitigates stress/strain caused by the lithiation/delithiation, while the internal mesopores provide buffer space for Si expansion and obviously shorten the diffusion path for electrolyte/ions. Additionally, the amorphous SiO2 matrix not only servers as support for structure stability, but also facilitates the rapid formation of a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer. This unique architecture offers a potential model for designing high-performance Si-based anode for LIBs.

3.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760544

RESUMO

Cardiac fibrosis is a detrimental pathological process, which constitutes the key factor for adverse cardiac structural remodeling leading to heart failure and other critical conditions. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as important regulators of various cardiovascular diseases. It is known that several circRNAs regulate gene expression and pathological processes by binding miRNAs. In this study we investigated whether a novel circRNA, named circNSD1, and miR-429-3p formed an axis that controls cardiac fibrosis. We established a mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI) for in vivo studies and a cellular model of cardiac fibrogenesis in primary cultured mouse cardiac fibroblasts treated with TGF-ß1. We showed that miR-429-3p was markedly downregulated in the cardiac fibrosis models. Through gain- and loss-of-function studies we confirmed miR-429-3p as a negative regulator of cardiac fibrosis. In searching for the upstream regulator of miR-429-3p, we identified circNSD1 that we subsequently demonstrated as an endogenous sponge of miR-429-3p. In MI mice, knockdown of circNSD1 alleviated cardiac fibrosis. Moreover, silence of human circNSD1 suppressed the proliferation and collagen production in human cardiac fibroblasts in vitro. We revealed that circNSD1 directly bound miR-429-3p, thereby upregulating SULF1 expression and activating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Collectively, circNSD1 may be a novel target for the treatment of cardiac fibrosis and associated cardiac disease.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 317: 124417, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728850

RESUMO

The use of fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) as highly precise biolabeling probes has been widespread in the fields of live cell imaging and protein labeling due to their small size and excellent photoluminescence ability to accurately target specific molecules with surface chemical properties. However, there was a lack of research on the interaction between CDs and labeled molecules. In this work, we presented a novel investigation strategy, the fluorescence microscopy-surface plasmon resonance (FM-SPR) system, which combined the use of fluorescence microscopy and wavelength modulation surface plasmon resonance to study the interaction between CDs and labeled molecules in real-time. Using this system, simultaneously recorded the SPR signals and the fluorescence images on the surface of the FM-SPR sensor chip. We observed the dynamic curve and fluorescence images of the interaction between green emissive nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) and silk fibroin (SF) in real-time. The kinetic parameters, the quantitative analysis, and the investigation of the binding could be achieved. The results showed a strong linear relationship between the change in SPR signals and the concentration of N-CDs, with a linear coefficient of 0.99913. The linear detection range was 2.5 µg/mL-100 µg/mL, and the real lowest detection limit reached 0.5 µg/mL. Additionally, the green fluorescence points in the imaging region on the FM-SPR sensor chip increased with the concentration of N-CDs, which was consistent with the change in SPR signals. Using this system we also acquired the association rate and dissociation rate of N-CDs to SF which were 2.65 × 10-5/s and 1.52 × 10-5/s, respectively. This demonstrated the effectiveness of our method in quantitatively analyzing SF labeled with N-CDs.

5.
J Environ Manage ; 360: 121092, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733843

RESUMO

In the context of carbon neutrality target, renewable energy sources have been transforming from "supplementary energy" to "main energy", which have promoted the green and low-carbon transition of global energy supply system. In-depth analyzing the spatial patterns and driving mechanisms of renewable energy expansion are of significance for optimizing the spatial layout of clean power, and avoiding the phenomenon of wind and solar power curtailment. In this paper, we proposed an ensemble learning model to examine the nonlinear effects of physical geography, resource endowment, and socio-economic factors on solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity at the prefecture-level city scale in China. Using the city-level multi-sources geospatial big data, we extensively collected a total of 175 related explanatory variables and cumulative installed capacity of solar PV power for 295 prefecture-level cities of China. The recursive feature elimination algorithm (SVM-REF) is firstly used to extract the optimal feature subset of urban PV capacity from multi-dimensional features variables. Furthermore, three advanced machine learning models (random forest, decision tree, extreme gradient boosting) are developed to identify the key influencing factors and nonlinear driving effect of urban solar PV power expansion in China. The results show that China's PV installation capacity is highly concentrated in Northern and Northwest parts of China, with the occupancy over 70% in 2019. Moreover, the XGBoost model has the best prediction accuracy (R2 = 0.97) among three methods. We also found that total amount of urban water resources, average solar radiation, and population density are the most important controlling factors for urban solar PV capacity expansion in China, with contribution of 35.6%, 17.7%, and 13.3%, respectively. We suggested that urban solar PV layout mode in China is recommended to gradually shift from resource orientation to the "resource-environment-demand" comprehensive orientation. The paper provides a replicable, scalable machine learning models for simulating solar PV power capacity at the prefecture-level city scale, and serves as a motivation for decision-making reference of the macro siting optimization and sustainable development of China's green power industry.

6.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 49: 118-125, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In early 2020, Chinese children started to demonstrate severe depression and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) caused by lockdown and self-isolation (measures taken at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic). OBJECTIVES: Concerning the significant impact of the pandemic on children's physical and mental development, the study aimed to explore children's depression and PTSS during the COVID-19 pandemic and the protective effects of family resilience on the trajectories. METHODS: 883 children participated and completed three waves of online follow-up questionnaires. The latent growth mixture modeling (LGMM) analysis was used to explore the trajectories of children's depression and PTSS based on the individual approach. RESULTS: Two types of depression trajectories were identified and defined as the resilient group (83.01 %) and the recovery group (16.99 %); Two types of PTSS trajectories were identified and defined as the resilient group (71.12 %) and the recovery group (28.88 %); Two types of the joint trajectories of depression and PTSS were identified and defined as the resilient group (83.47 %) and the chronic group (16.53 %). The results indicated that maintaining a positive outlook (a dimension of family resilience) was the potential predictor of PTSS trajectories. CONCLUSION: The trajectories of depression and PTSS among Chinese children during the COVID-19 pandemic were heterogeneous, and there were similar evolving subtypes. Family resilience could be a critical protective factor for children and families.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão , Resiliência Psicológica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , População do Leste Asiático , Pandemias , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; : 129793, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735343

RESUMO

Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are widely used in anesthesia for intubation and surgical muscle relaxation. Novel atracurium and mivacurium derivatives were developed, with compounds 18c, 18d, and 29a showing mivacurium-like relaxation at 27.27 nmol/kg, and 15b, 15c, 15e, and 15h having a shorter duration at 272.7 nmol/kg. The structure-activity and configuration-activity relationships of these derivatives and 29a's binding to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors were analyzed through molecular docking. Rabbit trials showed 29a has a shorter duration compared to mivacurium. This suggests that linker properties, ammonium group substituents, and configuration are crucial for NMBA activity and duration, with compound 29a emerging as a potential ultra-short-acting NMBA.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202402318, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710653

RESUMO

Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) is essential for maintaining the function and stability of anaerobic microbial consortia. However, only limited natural DIET modes have been identified and DIET engineering remains highly challenging. Here, an unnatural DIET between Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (SO, electron donating partner) and Rhodopseudomonas palustris (RP, electron accepting partner) was artificially established by a facile living cell-cell click chemistry strategy. By introducing alkyne- or azide-modified monosaccharides onto the cell outer surface of the target species, precise covalent connections between different species in high proximity were realized via a fast click chemistry reaction. Remarkably, upon covalent connection, outer cell surface C-type cytochromes mediated DIET between SO and RP was achieved and identified, although this was never realized naturally. Moreover, this connection directly shifted the natural H2 mediated interspecies electron transfer (MIET) to DIET between SO and RP, which delivered superior interspecies electron exchange efficiency. Therefore, this work demonstrated a naturally unachievable DIET and an unprecedented MIET shift to DIET accomplished by cell-cell distance engineering, offering an efficient and versatile solution for DIET engineering, which would extend our understanding of DIET and open up new avenue for DIET exploration and applications.

9.
Cancer Med ; 13(9): e7232, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comparative investigations evaluating the efficacy of pomalidomide-based (Pom-based) versus daratumumab-based (Dara-based) therapies in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) remain scarce, both in randomized controlled trials and real-world studies. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 140 RRMM patients treated with Pom-based or Dara-based or a combination of pomalidomide and daratumumab (DPd) regimens in a Chinese tertiary hospital between December 2018 and July 2023. RESULTS: The overall response rates (ORR) for Pom-based (n = 48), Dara-based (n = 68), and DPd (n = 24) groups were 57.8%, 84.6%, and 75.0%, respectively (p = 0.007). At data cutoff on August 1, 2023, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.7 months (95% CI: 5.0-6.5) for the Pom-based group, 10.5 months (5.2-15.8) for the Dara-based group, and 6.7 months (4.0-9.3) for the DPd group (p = 0.056). Multivariate analysis identified treatment regimens (Dara-based vs. Pom-based, DPd vs. Pom-based) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) as independent prognostic factors for PFS. In the subgroups of patients aged >65 years, with ECOG PS ≥2, lines of therapy ≥2, extramedullary disease or double-refractory disease (refractory to both lenalidomide and proteasome inhibitors), the superiority of Dara-based regimens over Pom-based regimens was not evident. A higher incidence of infections was observed in patients receiving Dara-based and DPd regimens (Pom-based 39.6% vs. Dara-based 64.7% vs. DPd 70.8%, p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: In real-world settings, Pom-based, Dara-based, and DPd therapies exhibited favorable efficacy in patients with RRMM. Dara-based therapy yielded superior clinical response and PFS compared to Pom-based therapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Mieloma Múltiplo , Talidomida , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , China , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
10.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e082287, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719332

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emerging developments in applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare offer the opportunity to improve diagnostic capabilities in obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G), ensuring early detection of pathology, optimal management and improving survival. Consensus on a robust AI healthcare framework is crucial for standardising protocols that promote data privacy and transparency, minimise bias, and ensure patient safety. Here, we describe the study protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate current applications of AI in O&G diagnostics with consideration of reporting standards used and their ethical implications. This protocol is written following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 checklist. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study objective is to explore the current application of AI in O&G diagnostics and assess the reporting standards used in these studies. Electronic bibliographic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane will be searched. Study selection, data extraction and subsequent narrative synthesis and meta-analyses will be carried out following the PRISMA-P guidelines. Included papers will be English-language full-text articles from May 2015 to March 2024, which provide original data, as AI has been redefined in recent literature. Papers must use AI as the predictive method, focusing on improving O&G diagnostic outcomes.We will evaluate the reporting standards including the risk of bias, lack of transparency and consider the ethical implications and potential harm to patients. Outcome measures will involve assessing the included studies against gold-standard criteria for robustness of model development (Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis Or Diagnosis, model predictive performance, model risk of bias and applicability (Prediction model Risk Of Bias Assessment Tool and study reporting (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials-AI) guidance. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required for this systematic review. Findings will be shared through peer-reviewed publications. There will be no patient or public involvement in this study. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42022357024 .


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Projetos de Pesquisa , Obstetrícia , Ginecologia
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(42): 5546-5549, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700121

RESUMO

Airborne nanoplastics can enter alveolar cells and trigger intracellular oxidative stress primarily. Herein, taking advantage of the high electrochemical resolution of SiC@Pt nanoelectrodes, we achieved the quantitative discrimination of the major ROS/RNS within A549 cells, disclosed the sources of their precursors, and observed that the NO (RNS precursor) level significantly increased, whereas O2˙- (ROS precursor) remained relatively stable during the nanoplastics exposure. This establishes that iNOS or mitochondrion-targeted treatment may be a preventive or therapeutic strategy for nanoplastic-induced lung injury.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Espécies Reativas de Nitrogênio , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células A549 , Espécies Reativas de Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletrodos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e38037, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The application of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in combination with targeted therapy and immunotherapy (TACE-T-I) for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has gained increasing attention. However, there are variations in the efficacy and safety outcomes between TACE-T-I versus TACE combined with targeted drugs (TACE-T). This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of TACE-T-I versus TACE-T in unresectable HCC. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to August 21, 2023, for comparative studies on TACE-T-I versus TACE-T for unresectable HCC. Outcome measures included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and the incidence of treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). OS was the primary outcome of this study. Weighted mean difference (WMD) or hazard ratio (HR) was used as the pooled statistic for OS and PFS. Relative risk (RR) was employed as the pooled statistic for ORR, DCR and the incidence of TRAEs. And 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for all effect measures. Data analysis was conducted using Stata 14.0 software. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 14 studies with 2144 patients. The pooled results showed that compared with patients in the TACE-T group, patients in the TACE-T-I group had higher ORR (RR = 1.61; 95%CI: 1.38-1.89) and DCR (RR = 1.17; 95%CI: 1.09-1.26). Patients in the TACE-T-I group experienced prolonged PFS (WMD = 3.08; 95%CI: 2.63-3.53) and OS (WMD = 5.76; 95%CI: 4.68-6.84). And the risk of disease progression (HR = 0.45; 95%CI: 0.37-0.55) and death (HR = 0.43; 95%CI: 0.38-0.49) was lower in the TACE-T-I group. Common TRAEs included fever, pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, elevated ALT, elevated AST, hypertension, hand-foot syndrome, proteinuria, and diarrhea. The incidence and severity of TRAEs in the TACE-T-I group were similar to those in the TACE-T group, with no significant differences (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Current evidence suggests that, on the basis of TACE combined with targeted therapy, the addition of immunotherapy provides better clinical efficacy and survival benefits for unresectable HCC patients, with good tolerability.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Imunoterapia/métodos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 582, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The operation accuracy and efficiency of dynamic navigated endodontic surgery were evaluated through in vitro experiments. This study provides a reference for future clinical application of dynamic navigation systems in endodontic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D-printed maxillary anterior teeth were used in the preparation of models for endodontic surgery. Endodontic surgery was performed with and without dynamic navigation by an operator who was proficient in dynamic navigation technology but had no experience in endodontic surgery. Optical scanning data were applied to evaluate the length and angle deviations of root-end resection. And the operation time was recorded. T tests were used to analyze the effect of dynamic navigation technology on the accuracy and duration of endodontic surgery. RESULTS: With dynamic navigation, the root-end resection length deviation was 0.46 ± 0.06 mm, the angle deviation was 2.45 ± 0.96°, and the operation time was 187 ± 22.97 s. Without dynamic navigation, the root-end resection length deviation was 1.20 ± 0.92 mm, the angle deviation was 16.20 ± 9.59°, and the operation time was 247 ± 61.47 s. Less deviation was achieved and less operation time was spent with than without dynamic navigation (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The application of a dynamic navigation system in endodontic surgery can improve the accuracy and efficiency significantly for operators without surgical experience and reduce the operation time.


Assuntos
Impressão Tridimensional , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Técnicas In Vitro , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Apicectomia/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Sistemas de Navegação Cirúrgica
14.
Research (Wash D C) ; 7: 0378, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766643

RESUMO

The accumulation of senescent cells in kidneys is considered to contribute to age-related diseases and organismal aging. Mitochondria are considered a regulator of cell senescence process. Atrazine as a triazine herbicide poses a threat to renal health by disrupting mitochondrial homeostasis. Melatonin plays a critical role in maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis. The present study aims to explore the mechanism by which melatonin alleviates atrazine-induced renal injury and whether parkin-mediated mitophagy contributes to mitigating cell senescence. The study found that the level of parkin was decreased after atrazine exposure and negatively correlated with senescent markers. Melatonin treatment increased serum melatonin levels and mitigates atrazine-induced renal tubular epithelial cell senescence. Mechanistically, melatonin maintains the integrity of mitochondrial crista structure by increasing the levels of mitochondrial contact site and cristae organizing system, mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), adenosine triphosphatase family AAA domain-containing protein 3A (ATAD3A), and sorting and assembly machinery 50 (Sam50) to prevent mitochondrial DNA release and subsequent activation of cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate-adenosine 5'-monophosphate synthase pathway. Furthermore, melatonin activates Sirtuin 3-superoxide dismutase 2 axis to eliminate the accumulation of reactive oxygen species in the kidney. More importantly, the antisenescence role of melatonin is largely determined by the activation of parkin-dependent mitophagy. These results offer novel insights into measures against cell senescence. Parkin-mediated mitophagy is a promising drug target for alleviating renal tubular epithelial cell senescence.

15.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors (TNFis) are used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between neurological adverse events (AEs) and TNFi use. METHODS: Data of TNFis indicated for IBD were collected from the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) from the marketed date to the second quarter of 2023. The reporting odds ratio (ROR) and a Bayesian confidence propagation neural network were used to identify signals. RESULTS: A total of 4,964 neurological AEs were reported in the IBD population. Infliximab had 3 signals, including demyelination [ROR (95% CI): 1.69 (1.33,2.15)], meningitis listeria [ROR (95% CI): 5.05 (3.52,7.25)], and optic neuritis [ROR (95% CI): 1.72 (1.3,2.26)]. The signals for adalimumab were gait disturbance [ROR (95% CI): 1.43 (1.32,1.56)] and muscular weakness [ROR (95% CI): 1.4 (1.27,1.55)]. A peripheral neuropathy signal was found for adalimumab [ROR (95% CI): 1.34 (1.18,1.53)] and certolizumab pegol [ROR (95% CI): 1.49 (1.07,2.08)]. However, there were no signals among neurological AEs for golimumab. CONCLUSION: Neurological signals were detected for TNFi use, indicating that the risk of neurological AEs requires additional attention in clinical use of TNFis.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173249, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754502

RESUMO

Selenium (Se), a highly beneficial animal feed additive, exhibits remarkable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Nano­selenium (Nano-Se) is an advanced formulation of Se featuring a specialized drug delivery vehicle, with good bioavailability, higher efficacy, and lower toxicity compared to the traditional form of Se. With the advancement of industry, cadmium (Cd) contamination occurs in different countries and regions and thereby contaminating different food crops, and the degree of pollution is degree increasing year by year. The present investigation entailed the oral administration of CdCl2 and/or Nano-Se to male chickens of the Hy-Line Variety White breed, which are one day old, subsequent to a 7-day adaptive feeding period, for a duration of 90 days. The study aimed to elucidate the potential protective impact of Nano-Se on Cd exposure. The study found that Nano-Se demonstrates potential in mitigating the blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction characterized by impairment of adherens junctions (AJS) and tight junctions (TJS) by inhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction. In addition, the data uncovered that Nano-Se demonstrates a proficient ability in alleviating BBB impairment and inflammatory reactions caused by Cd through the modulation of the Wnt7A/ß-catenin pathway, highlights its potential to maintain brain homeostasis. Hence, this research anticipates that the utilization of Nano-Se effectively mitigate the detrimental impacts associated with Cd exposure on the BBB.

17.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755966

RESUMO

Nanogap-based plasmonic metal nanocrystals have been applied in surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection, while the closed and insufficient electromagnetic fields as well as the nonreproducible Raman signal of the substrate greatly restrict the actual application. Herein, a highly uniform Au/AgAu monolayer with abundant nanogaps and huge electromagnetic enhancement is prepared, which shows ultrasensitive and reproducible SERS detection. Au/AgAu with an inner nanogap is first prepared based on Au nanotriangles, and the nanogap is opened from the three tips via a subsequent etching process. The open-gap Au/AgAu displays much higher SERS efficiency than Au and Au/AgAu with an inner nanogap on detecting crystal violet due to the open-gap induced electromagnetic enhancement and improved molecular absorption. Furthermore, the open-gap Au/AgAu monolayer is prepared via interfacial self-assembly, which shows further improved SERS due to the dense and strong hotspots in the nanocavities induced by the electromagnetic coupling between adjacent open gaps. The monolayer possesses excellent signal stability, uniformity, and reproducibility. The analytic enhancement factor and relative standard deviation reach to 2.12 × 108 and 4.65% on detecting crystal violet, respectively. Moreover, the monolayer achieves efficient detection of thiram in apple juice, biphenyl-4-thiol, 4-mercaptobenzoic, melamine, and a mixed solution of four different molecules, showing great promise in practical detection.

18.
J Biol Chem ; : 107379, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762184

RESUMO

Bacterial RecJ exhibits 5'→3' exonuclease activity that is specific to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA); however, archaeal RecJs show 5' or 3' exonuclease activity. The hyperthermophilic archaea Methanocaldococcus jannaschii encodes the 5'-exonuclease MjRecJ1 and the 3'-exonuclease MjRecJ2. In addition to nuclease activity, archaeal RecJ interacts with GINS, a structural subcomplex of the replicative DNA helicase complex. However, MjRecJ1 and MjRecJ2 do not interact with MjGINS. Here, we report the structural basis for the inability of the MjRecJ2 homologous dimer to interact with MjGINS and its efficient 3' hydrolysis polarity for short dinucleotides. Based on the crystal structure of MjRecJ2, we propose that the interaction surface of the MjRecJ2 dimer overlaps the potential interaction surface for MjGINS and blocks the formation of the MjRecJ2-GINS complex. Exposing the interaction surface of the MjRecJ2 dimer restores its interaction with MjGINS. The cocrystal structures of MjRecJ2 with substrate dideoxynucleotides or product dCMP/CMP show that MjRecJ2 has a short substrate binding patch, which is perpendicular to the longer patch of bacterial RecJ. Our results provide new insights into the function and diversification of archaeal RecJ/Cdc45 proteins.

19.
Adv Mater ; : e2404093, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717804

RESUMO

Aqueous Zn-iodine (Zn-I2) conversion batteries with iodine redox chemistry suffers the severe polyiodide shuttling and sluggish redox kinetics, which impede the battery lifespan and rate capability. Herein, an ultrastable Zn-I2 battery is introduced based on single-atom Fe-N-C encapsulated high-surface-area carbon (HC@FeNC) as the core-shell cathode materials, which accelerate the I-/I3 -/I° conversion significantly. The robust chemical-physical interaction between polyiodides and Fe-N4 sites tightly binds the polyiodide ions and suppresses the polyiodide shuttling, thereby significantly enhancing the coulombic efficiency. As a result, the core-shell HC@FeNC cathode endows the electrolytic Zn-I2 battery with an excellent capacity, remarkable rate capability, and an ultralong lifespan over 60 000 cycles. More importantly, a practical 253 Wh kg-1 pouch cell shows good capacity retention of 84% after 100 cycles, underscoring its considerable potential for commercial Zn-I2 batteries.

20.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-9, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763133

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although microRNA (miR)-150-5p participates in the progression of renal fibrosis, its mechanism of action remains elusive. METHODS: A mouse model of unilateral ureteral obstruction was used. The in vitro renal fibrosis model was established by stimulating human kidney 2 (HK-2) cells with transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1). The expression profiles of miR-150-5p, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1), and other fibrosis- and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-linked proteins were determined using Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The relationship between miR-150-5p and ZEB1 in HK-2 cells was confirmed by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Both in vivo and in vitro renal fibrosis models revealed reduced miR-150-5p expression and elevated ZEB1 level. A significant decrease in E-cadherin levels, as well as increases in alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type I (Col-I) levels, was seen in TGF-ß1-treated HK-2 cells. The overexpression of miR-150-5p ameliorated TGF-ß1-mediated fibrosis and EMT. Notably, miR-150-5p acts by directly targeting ZEB1. A significant reversal of the inhibitory impact of miR-150-5p on TGF-ß1-mediated fibrosis and EMT in HK-2 cells was observed upon ZEB1 overexpression. CONCLUSION: MiR-150-5p suppresses TGF-ß1-induced fibrosis and EMT by targeting ZEB1 in HK-2 cells, providing helpful insights into the therapeutic intervention of renal fibrosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...