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1.
Ophthalmic Genet ; : 1-6, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039639

RESUMO

Purpose: Neonatal retinal folds and/or vitreoretinal traction can be signs of isolated ocular or syndromic disorders. Etiologies include retinopathy of prematurity, perinatal infections or inherited vitreoretinal disorders such as familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) or Norrie disease. We present the clinical and genetic findings of a two-month-old infant with microcephaly, mild motor developmental delay, and FEVR, who required urgent surgical interventions.Methods: The patient underwent an initial examination under anesthesia (EUA) with fluorescein angiography (FA) and subsequent medical and surgical treatments. Genetic testing was undertaken to identify the etiology.Results: Examination at 2 months of age demonstrated microcephaly with a head circumference smaller than the 1st percentile. Family history was negative for microcephaly or retinal disease. Anterior segment eye exam was normal OU. There were bilateral macular folds involving the fovea and extending from the disc to the temporal periphery. FA demonstrated bilateral incomplete vascularization of the retina most notable nasally. Indirect laser was applied to ischemic retina OU. Scleral buckling procedures were performed OU as well as a vitrectomy in the left eye. Follow-up examinations demonstrated the stable appearance of the folds and attached retinas OU. Genetic testing identified a novel dominant heterozygous c.2046_2047del [p.Phe683Glnfs*9] mutation in CTNNB1, predicted to result in a frameshift causing a truncated protein.Conclusions: CTNNB1 mutations are an uncommon cause of FEVR with microcephaly.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053344

RESUMO

Wearable strain sensors are emerging rapidly for their promising applications in human motion detection for diagnosis, healthcare, training instruction and rehabilitation exercise assessment. However, it remains a bottleneck in gaining comfortable and breathable devices with the features of high sensitivity, linear response and tunable detection range. Textiles possess fascinating advantages of good breathability, aesthetic property, tailorability, and excellent mechanical compliance to conformably attach to human body. Since the meandering loops in textile can be extended in different directions, it provides plenty of room for exploring ideal sensors by tuning twisting structure with rationally selected yarn materials. Herein, textile sensors with twisting architecture are designed via a solution-based process by using a stable water-based conductive ink that is composed of polypyrrole/polyvinyl alcohol (PPy/PVA) nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 50 nm. Depending on pre-designed twisting models, thus-fabricated textile sensors show adjustable performances exhibiting a high sensitivity of 38.9 with good linearity and broad detection range of 200%. Such sensors can be integrated into fabrics and conformably attached to skin for monitoring subtle (facial expressions, breathing, speaking) and large (stretching, jumping, running and jogging, sign language) human motions. As a proof-of-concept application, by integrating with a wireless transmitter, the signals detected by our sensors during exercise (e.g., running) can be remotely received and displayed on a smart phone. It is believed that the integration of our textile sensors with selected twisting models into a cloth promises full-range motion detection for wearable electronics and human-machine interfaces.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 303: 122849, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035389

RESUMO

The goal of this work was to explore the effect of Fenton pretreatment combined with bacteria inoculation on the formation of humic substances (HS) during rice straw composting. In this study, the compound bacterial agents were inoculated after Fenton pretreatment during rice straw composting. The results suggested that the coupling effects of Fenton pretreatment and bacteria inoculation promoted the humification process, which might be the reason of organic fractions degradation and transformation. In addition, the bacterial communities structure and diversity were changed by Fenton pretreatment and inoculation. Key microbial genera linking to the transformation of organic fractions were determined by network analysis. Redundancy analysis and structural equation model analysis indicated that Fenton pretreatment, inoculation, amino acid, soluble sugar and beta-diversity as the key factors affecting organic fractions transformation during composting. Therefore, the combined application Fenton pretreatment with bacteria inoculation provided a new method to promote the HS amount.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 303: 122927, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050125

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to detect the action properties of functional materials (FM) in transforming waste into resource products with high humus content. FM (MnO2 and reducing sugar) were added in different periods of chicken manure composting. During composting, concentration of humic acids (HA) as aromatic fraction of humus, was increased by FM. The promotive effects of adding FM in later period was the most obvious. While adding FM in the beginning period could accelerate organic matter degradation, but it did not promote HA formation. Meanwhile, the microbial diversity was higher in groups by adding FM in the beginning and thermophilic periods. Therefore, it was speculated that FM might improve HA formation by promoting the abiotic polymerization of precursors. Eventually, structural equation model showed that FM was beneficial to abiotic pathway of HA formation. But the formation efficiency was reduced by interfering with biotic pathway.

5.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034636

RESUMO

Blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal has been commonly used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to observe the activity in different areas of the brain or other organs. This signal is difficult to simulate, because its amplitude is nearly 1~3% and it is influenced by multiple factors. This study aimed to design and construct an active BOLD simulation phantom and test its stability and repeatability. The phantom consisted of two perpendicular loops. The BOLD signal was simulated by different stimuli generated by a regular periodic vibration current and transmission loops. Three scanners (Siemens skyra 3.0 T, Siemens verio 3.0 T, and GE signa HD 1.5 T) were used to test the stability and repeatability of the BOLD signal detection of the phantom. The percent signal change (PSC) was calculated for each stimulus. At baseline, the phantom exhibited stability, and the average signal variation was below 1% as revealed by the three scanners. The SNR of ROIs with different sizes were markedly high, being 2326.58 and 2389.24; and the ghosting ratio were 0.39% and 0.38%, and the stimuli detection efficiency for Siemens verio and Siemens skyra was 60% and 75%, respectively. The repeated scans of the same scanner for different stimuli were highly reproducible. In the three scanners, the PSC at the same location varied from nearly 1 to 3%. The areas activated on the phantom revealed by different scanners were comparatively consistent. The phantom designed for fMRI quantitative quality control displays good adaptability to different scanners and is easy to operate. It can reliably collect data by simple data processing. Graphical abstract fMRI phantom testing process.

6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 719, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024826

RESUMO

Lipid overload results in lipid redistribution among metabolic organs such as liver, adipose, and muscle; therefore, the interplay between liver and other organs is important to maintain lipid homeostasis. Here, we show that liver responds to lipid overload first and sends hepatocyte-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) targeting adipocytes to regulate adipogenesis and lipogenesis. Geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (Ggpps) expression in liver is enhanced by lipid overload and regulates EV secretion through Rab27A geranylgeranylation. Consistently, liver-specific Ggpps deficient mice have reduced fat adipose deposition. The levels of several EV-derived miRNAs in the plasma of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients are positively correlated with body mass index (BMI), and these miRNAs enhance adipocyte lipid accumulation. Thus, we highlight an inter-organ mechanism whereby the liver senses different metabolic states and sends corresponding signals to remodel adipose tissue to adapt to metabolic changes in response to lipid overload.

7.
Chirality ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048357

RESUMO

Pesticide residues in food can bring potential risks to human health and has been widely concerned in recent years. In the current study, the influence of paclobutrazol, which resided in raw material (grape) on wine fermentation process, were investigated. The degradation kinetic results indicated that the enantiomers of paclobutrazol not be degraded during 30 days of fermentation process. In order to achieve the fermented microorganism information of diversity, community composition, and function, the analysis of 16S rRNA and ITS sequencing were performed. Results demonstrated that the dominant microorganisms multiplied and the microbial diversity in the samples decreased as the fermentation process progresses. Furthermore, the paclobutrazol stimulated the growth of Pichia, which was observed during wine fermentation and which may have an underlying impact on the quality of the wine. The above results inferred that paclobutrazol residue could disturb the microbial community stability during wine fermentation, and the stable existence of paclobutrazol will cause potential risks to food safety and human health. In this work, we have successfully devised a method to investigate the influences of pesticide residues in raw materials during food processing and conclusions from this study could provide basis for dietary risk assessment.

8.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 134: 109487, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044034

RESUMO

Haematococcus pluvialis could accumulate large amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) and astaxanthin under various environmental stresses. To gain insights into the multiple defensive systems for carbon metabolism against nitrogen starvation, transcriptome analysis was performed. It was found that the genes related to carbon fixation, glycolysis, fatty acid and carotenoid biosynthesis pathways were up-regulated remarkably. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) biosynthesis was accelerated with the enhanced C3 and C4 pathway. Meanwhile, the pyruvate kinase (PK) and pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 component (aceF) genes were significantly increased 12.9-fold and 13.9-fold, respectively, resulting more pyruvate and acetyl-CoA generation, which were beneficial to carotenoids and fatty acid biosynthesis. Methylerythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway mediated carotenoid precursor isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) synthesis, as the all eight related genes were up-regulated. The carbon flux toward astaxanthin biosynthesis with the increased astaxanthin pathway genes. The redistribution of carbon was also promoted for TAG accumulation. In addition, the up-regulation of diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) and phospholipid: diacylglycerol acyltransferase (PDAT) genes indicated that both acyl-CoA dependent and independent pathway regulated TAG accumulation. Therefore, this work reveals the multiple defensive mechanism for carbon metabolism in response to nitrogen starvation, which extended our understanding on the carotenoids, TAG and other important metabolites synthesis.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 400, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964864

RESUMO

Circulating cell-free mRNA (cf-mRNA) holds great promise as a non-invasive diagnostic biomarker. However, cf-mRNA composition and its potential clinical applications remain largely unexplored. Here we show, using Next Generation Sequencing-based profiling, that cf-mRNA is enriched in transcripts derived from the bone marrow compared to circulating cells. Further, longitudinal studies involving bone marrow ablation followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma and acute myeloid leukemia patients indicate that cf-mRNA levels reflect the transcriptional activity of bone marrow-resident hematopoietic lineages during bone marrow reconstitution. Mechanistically, stimulation of specific bone marrow cell populations in vivo using growth factor pharmacotherapy show that cf-mRNA reflects dynamic functional changes over time associated with cellular activity. Our results shed light on the biology of the circulating transcriptome and highlight the potential utility of cf-mRNA to non-invasively monitor bone marrow involved pathologies.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961040

RESUMO

Novel main-chain liquid crystalline Diels-Alder dynamic networks (LCDANs) were prepared that exhibit unprecedented ease for actuator programming and reprocessing compared to existing liquid crystalline network (LCN) systems. Following cooling from 125 °C, LCDANs are deformed with aligned mesogens self-locked at room temperature by slowly formed Diels-Alder (DA) bonds, which allows for the formation of solid 3D actuators capable of reversible shape change, and strip walker and wheel-capable light-driven locomotion upon either thermally or optically induced order-disorder phase transition. Any actuator can readily be erased at 125 °C and reprogrammed into a new one under ambient conditions. Moreover, LCDANs can be processed directly from melt (for example, fiber drawing) and from solution (for example, casting tubular actuators), which cannot be achieved with LCNs using exchangeable covalent bonds. The combined attributes of LCDANs offer significant progress toward developing easily programmable/processable LCN actuators.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(14): 2167-2170, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970366

RESUMO

One-electron oxidation of 1,3-digerma-2,4-dipnictacyclobutadiene [LHGeE]2 (LH = CH[CHNDipp]2, dipp = 2,6-iPr2C6H3; 1: E = P; 2: E = As) with Ag[Al(ORF)4] (RF = C(CF3)3) afforded the stable radical cation salts 1˙+·[Al(ORF)4]- and 2˙+·[Al(ORF)4]-, respectively. The radical cation salts have been fully characterized, in conjunction with theoretical calculations. The EPR spectroscopic studies and DFT calculations reveal that the spin density mainly resides at the heavy pnictogen atoms, rather than delocalizes over the Ge2E2 ring. They represent the first structurally characterized cyclic radical species composed of both heavy group 14 and 15 elements.

12.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 64: 104978, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999991

RESUMO

The treatment of slime water not only has a direct impact on the economic benefits of the coal preparation plant, but also has an important significance for the conservation and utilization of the environment and water resources in the mining area. However, under the background of increasing mechanization level of coal mining, the proportion of fine coal is increasing, and the slime water exhibits fine, high and sticky characteristics in terms of particle size, ash, and viscosity, making it difficult for the slime water to settle. In this paper, research on the treatment of difficult-to-settle slime water by ultrasound-electrochemistry is investigated. The principle of the ultrasonic-electrochemical method for treating difficult-to-settle slime water is discussed. The effects of electrodes, electrolytes, ultrasonic energy density and ultrasonic time on treatment of difficult-to-settle slime water are analyzed. Results show that ultrasound-electrochemical pretreatment for difficult-to-settle slime water is not a simple superposition of the two treatment methods, and ultrasound can promote the electrochemical reaction. The optimal ultrasonic parameters are given: ultrasonic frequency, energy density and ultrasonic time are 29 kHz, 0.5 W/m3 and 4 min respectively. Based on the basic properties of the micro-charge on the surface of coal particles, the flocculation sedimentation can be promoted effectively by the combination of sonochemical and electrochemical methods. Finally, the research status of the new treatment technology for difficult-to-settle slime water is discussed, and the development trend is pointed out.

13.
Redox Biol ; 29: 101392, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926620

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that oroxylin A exhibits antitumor effects by inducing cell apoptosis. However, the involved molecular mechanisms have not been elucidated. Here we report that the apoptosis induced by oroxylin A was dependent on p62-mediated activation of caspase-8 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Furthermore, oroxylin A also caused p62/SQSTM1 proteolysis at Asp329 by activating caspase-8. Further studies confirm that mutation in p62 (D329H and D329G) was resistant to oroxylin A-mediated p62 cleavage and apoptosis. Due to the absence of the KIR domain that interacts with Keap1, the cleaved p62 reduced the stability of Nrf2, thereby causing oxidative stress and increasing ROS levels. In vivo, p62 similarly contributed to oroxylin A-exerted antitumor effect in xenograft model inoculated SMMC-7721 tumor. In conclusion, our findings indicated that oroxylin A triggered apoptosis through caspase-8 activation and p62/SQSTM1 proteolysis.

14.
Molecules ; 25(2)2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963799

RESUMO

Three new isoflavone glucosides, kudonol A-C (1-3), two new ester derivatives of phenylpropanoid, kudolignan A and B (4-5) and five known compounds, (-)-maackiain (6), neoliquiritin (7), methyl 4-coumarate (8), methyl ferulate (9) and (+)-wikstromol (10), were isolated from an extract of dried seeds of the traditional Chinese medicinal plant Sophora alopecuroides L. Their structures were established by NMR and HRESIMS data analyses. The monosaccharide part's configuration of isoflavone glucosides was confirmed by acid hydrolysis and analyzed by a JAsco OR-4090 chiral detector, comparing it to standard substance D-glucose. The cytotoxicity effects against HeLa, Hep3B, MCF-7 and H1299 cells were tested by CCK-8 assay.

15.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152818, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964552

RESUMO

Splenosis refers to ectopic splenic implants that are often found incidentally years after splenic rupture/splenectomy, and the nodules of splenosis are usually small, less than 3 cm for the majority. We report a case of splenosis with a 5-centimeter large mass in the anterior abdomen in a 79 year-old male with a remote history of splenic rupture/splenectomy. Unexpectedly, needle core biopsy of the abdominal mass demonstrated splenic tissue with a mononucleated cell infiltrate blurring the splenic architecture that was highlighted only by CD8 stain. This finding prompted a bone marrow examination resulting in the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia in the patient. Retrospectively, enlargement of this ectopic spleen may have been caused by this leukemic infiltrate. This case underscores the importance of being aware of this rare pathological condition and its retained vulnerability for involvement by hematolymphoid neoplasms, as well as significance of identifying splenic architecture highlighted by CD8 stain to reach a correct diagnosis.

16.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969690

RESUMO

Neonatal mammalian heart maintains a transient regeneration capacity after birth, whereas this regeneration ability gradually loses in the postnatal heart. Thus, the reactivation of cardiomyocyte proliferation is emerging as a key strategy for inducing heart regeneration in adults. We have reported that a highly conserved long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LncDACH1 was overexpressed in the failing hearts. Here, we found that LncDACH1 was gradually upregulated in the postnatal hearts. Cardiac-specific overexpression of LncDACH1 (TG) in mice suppressed neonatal heart regeneration and worsened cardiac function after apical resection. Conversely, in vivo cardiac conditional knockout of LncDACH1 (CKO) and adenovirus-mediated silencing of endogenous LncDACH1 reactivated cardiomyocyte-proliferative potential and promoted heart regeneration after myocardial infarction (MI) in juvenile and adult mice. Mechanistically, LncDACH1 was found to directly bind to protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit alpha (PP1A), and in turn, limit its dephosphorylation activity. Consistently, PP1A siRNA or pharmacological blockers of PP1A abrogated cardiomyocyte mitosis induced by LncDACH1 silencing. Furthermore, LncDACH1 enhanced yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) phosphorylation and reduced its nuclear translocation by binding PP1A. Verteporfin, a YAP1 inhibitor decreased LncDACH1 silencing-induced cardiomyocyte proliferation. In addition, targeting a conserved fragment of LncDACH1 caused cell cycle re-entry of human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes. Collectively, LncDACH1 governs heart regeneration in postnatal and ischemic hearts via regulating PP1A/YAP1 signal, which confers a novel therapeutic strategy for ischemic heart diseases.

17.
Clin Exp Med ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980982

RESUMO

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most common breast cancer. Our study used gene microarray data to select differentially expressed genes between normal and IDC mammary tissues. From these, we selected genes related to the proliferation of tumor cells and compared their prognostic value with known biomarker Ki67 for IDC. Analysis of publicly available Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data revealed 24 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in normal and 31 DEGS in IDC tissues that were used for further analyses. Gene chip analysis software was used to identify DEGs. DEG profiles were confirmed using quantitative PCR (qPCR). DEG functions where shown to be related to cell proliferation. We confirmed MCM3 expression using immunohistochemical staining in 45 IDC patients. The relationship between MCM3 expression and survival was investigated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard regression models. A total of 1307 differentially expressed genes were identified between IDC and normal tissues, which were enriched in 32 Gene Ontology (GO) terms and 9 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. qPCR demonstrated that both COL1A1 and MCM3 were significantly up-regulated in IDC tissues, of which only MCM3 was related to cell proliferation. Ki67 is closely associated with the tumor grade, ER status, PR status and HER2 status, while MCM3 was shown to relate to tumor size, lymph node, and PR status. There was significant association between survival and MCM3, but not for Ki67. High MCM3 expression demonstrated statistically significant associations with poor prognosis in IDC patients. Findings from the gene microarray data analysis confirmed that MCM3 is associated with the response to cell proliferation. MCM3 represents a better proliferation marker than Ki67 making it a valuable prognostic tool that is independent of ER and HER2 status.

18.
J Fluoresc ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897914

RESUMO

N-doped carbon dots (N-Cdots) were prepared via a solvothermal process in different solvents including water, acetone, and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The red-shifted photoluminescence (PL) peaks and prolonged lifetimes were observed in the three excitation-independent samples. Considering that the similar size distribution, these variations of PL properties were mainly attributed to surface states of Cdots. The crucial effect of acetone and DMF as aprotic solvents were proposed because they can not provided hydrogen during the whole reaction process like H2O, and thus the dehydration reaction was accelerated. Much more N elements were introduced into N-Cdots. Except for N-doping, similar reaction were conducted when N and S were introduced into Cdots at the same time. Similar PL behaviour of N,S-co-doped carbon dots (N,S-Cdots) further confirmed above assumption. This work provided a simple method to control the PL behaviour of Cdots, which will have a promising future in the application of bioimaging and other fields.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 25, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913328

RESUMO

One RIL population derived from the cross between Dalibao and BYL8 was used to examine the phenotypes of kernel-related traits in four different environments. Six important kernel traits, kernel length (KL), kernel width (KW), kernel perimeter (KP), kernel area (KA), kernel length/width ratio (KLW), and thousand-kernel weight (TKW) were evaluated in Yangling, Shaanxi Province, China (2016 and 2017), Nanyang, Henan Province, China (2017) and Suqian, Jiangsu Province, China (2017). A genetic linkage map was constructed using 205 SSR markers, and a total of 21 significant QTLs for KL, KW, KP, KA, KLW and TKW were located on 10 of the 21 wheat chromosomes, including 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5A, 5B, and 7D, with a single QTL in different environments explaining 3.495-30.130% of the phenotypic variation. There were four loci for KLW, five for KA, five for KL, three for KP, two for KW, and two for TKW among the detected QTLs. We used BSA + 660 K gene chip technology to reveal the positions of major novel QTLs for KLW. A total of 670 out of 5285 polymorphic SNPs were detected on chromosome 2A. The SNPs in 2A are most likely related to the major QTL, and there may be minor QTLs on 5B, 7A, 3A and 4B. SSR markers were developed to verify the chromosome region associated with KLW. A linkage map was constructed with 7 SSR markers, and a major effect QTL was identified within a 21.55 cM interval, corresponding to a physical interval of 10.8 Mb in the Chinese Spring RefSeq v1.0 sequence. This study can provide useful information for subsequent construction of fine mapping and marker-assisted selection breeding.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 388: 122086, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972435

RESUMO

Humic substance (HS), as an aromatic compound, is the core product of aerobic fermentation. Denitrification-dependent degradation of aromatic compounds have been repeatedly observed in environment. However, few studies have elucidated the relationship between denitrification and aromatic HS during sludge aerobic fermentation. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of enhanced denitrification on aromatic HS formation. On the 24th day of sludge aerobic fermentation, five tests (CK, Run1, Run2, Run3 and Run4) were executed, and nitrate concentrations were adjusted to 480 ± 20, 500 ± 20, 1000 ± 20, 1500 ± 20 and 2000 ± 20 mg/kg with potassium nitrate, respectively. Analytical results demonstrated that nitrate addition increased denitrifying genes abundance and enhanced denitrification, which further reduced aromatic HS formation (p < 0.05). Especially in Run3, the concentrations of HS and humic acid on the 52nd day dramatically decreased by 12.9 % and 34.2 % in comparison with those on the 31st day. High-throughput sequencing revealed that enhanced denitrification effectively stimulated the metabolism of denitrifying microorganisms with aromatic-degrading capability. Co-occurring network analysis indicated that some keystone taxa of denitrification aromatic-degrading microorganisms involved in the conversion of nitrate to nitrite were the most crucial for enhancing denitrification and reducing aromatic HS formation.

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