Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 115
Filtrar
1.
Plant Cell Rep ; 43(5): 114, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587681

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: SmZHDs was highly expressed in anthocyanin-rich parts of eggplant. SmZHD12 can activate the expression of SmCHS, SmANS, SmDFR and SmF3H. Overexpression of SmZHD12 promotes anthocyanin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. The Zinc finger-homeodomain (ZHD) proteins family genes are known to play a significant role in plant development and physiological processes. However, the evolutionary history and function of the ZHD gene family in eggplant remain largely unexplored. This study categorizes a total of 15 SmZHD genes into SmMIF and SmZHD subfamilies based on conserved domains. The phylogeny, gene structure, conserved motifs, promoter elements, and chromosomal locations of the SmZHD genes were comprehensively analyzed. Tissue expression profiles indicate that the majority of SmZHD genes are expressed in anthocyanin-rich areas. qRT-PCR assays revealed distinct expression patterns of SmZHD genes in response to various treatments, indicating their potential involvement in multiple signaling pathways. Analysis of transcriptomic data from light-treated eggplant peel identified SmZHD12 as the most light-responsive gene among the 15 SmZHD genes. Consequently, this study provides further evidence that SmZHD12 facilitates anthocyanin accumulation in Arabidopsis leaves by upregulating the expression of anthocyanin biosynthesis structural genes, as confirmed by dual-luciferase assays and Arabidopsis genetic transformation. Our study will lay a solid foundation for the in-depth study of the involvement of SmZHD genes in the regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Solanum melongena , Solanum melongena/genética , Antocianinas , Arabidopsis/genética , Evolução Biológica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 266(Pt 2): 131171, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574920

RESUMO

This study explored the structures of three polysaccharides from Bupleurum chinense DC. (BCPRs), and evaluated their antioxidant and anti-aging properties. The HPGPC and ion chromatography analyses revealed that the molecular weights of the BCPRs ranged from 12.05 to 21.20 kDa, and were primarily composed of rhamnose, arabinose, xylose, galactose, glucose and galacturonic acid. Methylation and NMR studies identified 10 PMAAs, establishing the various backbones of BCPRs 1-3. BCPR-3 demonstrated potent antioxidant activities, including DPPH, ABTS, hydroxy, and superoxide radicals scavenging in vitro. At concentrations between 125 and 500 µg/mL, BCPR-3 increased T-AOC, SOD and GSH-Px activities, while decreasing MDA levels in H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells. In addition, RNA-seq results indicated that BCPR-3 considerably downregulated the expression of 49 genes and upregulated five genes compared with the control group. KEGG analysis suggested that these differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were predominantly involved in the TNF and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. Furthermore, in vivo experiment with Drosophila melanogaster showed that BCPR-3 could extend the average lifespan of flies. In conclusion, polysaccharides from B. chinense exhibited potential antioxidant and anti-aging activities, which could be developed as new ingredients to combat oxidative stress damage and slow the aging process.

3.
Int J Pharm ; 655: 124025, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513816

RESUMO

Combination therapy exhibits higher efficacy than any single therapy, inspiring various nanocarrier-assisted multi-drug co-delivery systems for the combined treatment of cancer. However, most nanocarriers are inert and non-therapeutic and have potential side effects. Herein, an amphiphilic polymer composed of a hydrophobic photosensitizer and hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) was employed as the nanocarriers and photosensitizers to encapsulate the chemotherapeutic drug mitoxantrone for chemo-photodynamic combination therapy. The resulting nanodrug consisted solely of pharmacologically active ingredients, thus avoiding potential toxicity induced by inert excipients. This multifunctional nanoplatform demonstrated significantly superior treatment performance compared to monotherapy for colorectal cancer, both in vitro and in vivo, achieving near-infrared fluorescence imaging-mediated chemo-photodynamic combined eradication of malignancy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Mitoxantrona , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Imagem Óptica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6932, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521866

RESUMO

The high-resolution array is the basic structure of most kinds of microelectronics. Electrohydrodynamic jet (E-Jet) printing technology is widely applied in manufacturing array structures with high resolution, high material compatibility and multi-modal printing. It is still challenging to acquire high uniformity of printed array with micro-nanometer resolution, which greatly influences the performance and lifetime of the microelectronics. In this paper, to improve the uniformity of the printed array, the influence of each parameter on the uniformity of the E-jet printed dot array is studied on the cobuilt NEJ-E/P200 experimental platform, finding the applied voltage plays the most important role in maintaining the uniformity of the printed array. By appropriately adjusting the printing parameters, the dot arrays with different resolutions from 500 pixels per inch (PPI) to 17,000 PPI are successfully printed. For arrays below and over 10,000 PPI, the deviations of the uniformity are within 5% and 10% respectively. In this work, the dot array over 15,000 PPI is first implemented using E-jet printing. The conclusions acquired by experimental analysis of dot array printing process are of great importance in high resolution array printing as it provides practical guidance for parameters adjustment.

5.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) is vital for diagnosing chorioretinal diseases, but its interpretation and patient communication require extensive expertise and time-consuming efforts. We aim to develop a bilingual ICGA report generation and question-answering (QA) system. METHODS: Our dataset comprised 213 129 ICGA images from 2919 participants. The system comprised two stages: image-text alignment for report generation by a multimodal transformer architecture, and large language model (LLM)-based QA with ICGA text reports and human-input questions. Performance was assessed using both qualitative metrics (including Bilingual Evaluation Understudy (BLEU), Consensus-based Image Description Evaluation (CIDEr), Recall-Oriented Understudy for Gisting Evaluation-Longest Common Subsequence (ROUGE-L), Semantic Propositional Image Caption Evaluation (SPICE), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision and F1 score) and subjective evaluation by three experienced ophthalmologists using 5-point scales (5 refers to high quality). RESULTS: We produced 8757 ICGA reports covering 39 disease-related conditions after bilingual translation (66.7% English, 33.3% Chinese). The ICGA-GPT model's report generation performance was evaluated with BLEU scores (1-4) of 0.48, 0.44, 0.40 and 0.37; CIDEr of 0.82; ROUGE of 0.41 and SPICE of 0.18. For disease-based metrics, the average specificity, accuracy, precision, sensitivity and F1 score were 0.98, 0.94, 0.70, 0.68 and 0.64, respectively. Assessing the quality of 50 images (100 reports), three ophthalmologists achieved substantial agreement (kappa=0.723 for completeness, kappa=0.738 for accuracy), yielding scores from 3.20 to 3.55. In an interactive QA scenario involving 100 generated answers, the ophthalmologists provided scores of 4.24, 4.22 and 4.10, displaying good consistency (kappa=0.779). CONCLUSION: This pioneering study introduces the ICGA-GPT model for report generation and interactive QA for the first time, underscoring the potential of LLMs in assisting with automated ICGA image interpretation.

6.
Gene ; 893: 147936, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381507

RESUMO

Pollen intine serves as a protective layer situated between the pollen exine and the plasma membrane. It performs essential functions during pollen development, including maintaining the morphological structure of the pollen, preventing the loss of pollen contents, and facilitating pollen germination. The formation of the intine layer commences at the bicellular pollen stage. Pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose and structural proteins are the key constituents of the pollen intine. In Arabidopsis and rice, numerous regulatory factors associated with polysaccharide metabolism and material transport have been identified, which regulate intine development. In this review, we elucidate the developmental processes of the pollen wall and provide a concise summary of the research advancements in the development and genetic regulation of the pollen intine in Arabidopsis and rice. A comprehensive understanding of intine development and regulation is crucial for unraveling the genetic network underlying intine development in higher plants.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Oryza , Oryza/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Pólen/genética
7.
Chempluschem ; : e202300704, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363060

RESUMO

Nanocomposite represents the backbone of many industrial fabrication applications and exerts a substantial social impact. Among these composites, metal nanostructures are often employed as the active constituents, thanks to their various chemical and physical properties, which offer the ability to tune the application scenarios in thermal management, energy storage, and biostable materials, respectively. Nanocellulose, as an emerging polymer substrate, possesses unique properties of abundance, mechanical flexibility, environmental friendliness, and biocompatibility. Based on the combination of flexible nanocellulose with specific metal fillers, the essential parameters involving mechanical strength, flexibility, anisotropic thermal resistance, and conductivity can be enhanced. Nowadays, the approach has found extensive applications in thermal management, energy storage, biostable electronic materials, and piezoelectric devices. Therefore, it is essential to thoroughly correlate cellulose nanocomposites' properties with different metallic fillers. This review summarizes the extraction of nanocellulose and preparation of metal modified cellulose nanocomposites, including their wide and particular applications in modern advanced devices. Moreover, we also discuss the challenges in the synthesis, the emerging designs, and unique structures, promising directions for future research. We wish this review can give a valuable overview of the unique combination and inspire the research directions of the multifunctional nanocomposites using proper cellulose and metallic fillers.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(4): 3044-3050, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180238

RESUMO

The electrosynthesis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) offers a sustainable and viable option for generating H2O2 directly, as an alternative to the anthraquinone oxidation method. This study focuses on the comparative study of Co nanoparticles and single-atomic Co sites (Co SACs) that were encapsulated into nitrogen-doped carbon for the electrosynthesis of H2O2, which has been synthesized by direct pyrolysis of Zn/Co-ZIF or Co-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-67). The electrochemical measurement results demonstrate that the coexistence of Co nanoparticles and single-atomic Co sites in the CoNC catalyst is more conducive for H2O2 production compared to Co SACs only, possessing better H2O2 selectivity of 73.3% and higher faradaic efficiency of 87%. The improved performance of CoNC with SACs can be attributed to the presence of additional Co nanoparticles in the nitrogen-doped carbon layers.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(8): e202319090, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38179862

RESUMO

Localized high-concentration electrolyte is widely acknowledged as a cutting-edge electrolyte for the lithium metal anode. However, the high fluorine content, either from high-concentration salts or from highly fluorinated diluents, results in significantly higher production costs and an increased environmental burden. Here, we have developed a novel electrolyte termed "Localized Medium-Concentration Electrolyte" (LMCE) to effectively address these issues. This LMCE is designed and produced by diluting a medium concentration (0.5 M-1.5 M) electrolyte which is incompatible with lithium metal anode before diluting. It has ultralow concentration (0.1 M) and demonstrates remarkable compatibility with lithium metal anode. Surprisingly, our LMCE, despite having an ultralow concentration (0.1 M), exhibits excellent kinetics in Li/Cu, Li/Li, LiFePO4 /Li, and NCM811/Li batteries. Additionally, LMCE effectively inhibits the corrosion of the Al current collector caused by LiTFSI salt under high voltage (>4 V) conditions. This groundbreaking LMCE design transforms the seemingly "incompatible" into the "compatible", opening up new avenues for exploring various electrolyte formulations, including all liquid electrolyte-based batteries.

10.
Oral Dis ; 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38287672

RESUMO

Intraflagellar transport (IFT) proteins have been reported to regulate cell growth and differentiation as the essential functional component of primary cilia. The effects of IFT80 on early bone healing of extraction sockets have not been well studied. To investigate whether deletion of Ift80 in alveolar bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aBMSCs) affected socket bone healing, we generated a mouse model of specific knockout of Ift80 in Prx1 mesenchymal lineage cells (Prx1Cre ;IFT80f/f ). Our results demonstrated that deletion of IFT80 in Prx1 lineage cells decreased the trabecular bone volume, ALP-positive osteoblastic activity, TRAP-positive osteoclastic activity, and OSX-/COL I-/OCN-positive areas in tooth extraction sockets of Prx1Cre ; IFT80f/f mice compared with IFT80f/f littermates. Furthermore, aBMSCs from Prx1Cre ; IFT80f/f mice showed significantly decreased osteogenic markers and downregulated migration and proliferation capacity. Importantly, the overexpression of TAZ recovered significantly the expressions of osteogenic markers and migration capacity of aBMSCs. Lastly, the local administration of lentivirus for TAZ enhanced the expression of RUNX2 and OSX and promoted early bone healing of extraction sockets from Prx1Cre ; IFT80f/f mice. Thus, IFT80 promotes osteogenesis and early bone healing of tooth sockets through the activation of TAZ/RUNX2 pathway.

11.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; 71(2): 553-562, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37756179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Since single brain computer interface (BCI) is limited in performance, it is necessary to develop collaborative BCI (cBCI) systems which integrate multi-user electroencephalogram (EEG) information to improve system performance. However, there are still some challenges in cBCI systems, including effective discriminant feature extraction of multi-user EEG data, fusion algorithms, time reduction of system calibration, etc. Methods: This study proposed an event-related potential (ERP) feature extraction and classification algorithm of spatio-temporal weighting and correlation analysis (STC) to improve the performance of cBCI systems. The proposed STC algorithm consisted of three modules. First, source extraction and interval modeling were used to overcome the problem of inter-trial variability. Second, spatio-temporal weighting and temporal projection were utilized to extract effective discriminant features for multi-user information fusion and cross-session transfer. Third, correlation analysis was conducted to match target/non-target templates for classification of multi-user and cross-session datasets. RESULTS: The collaborative cross-session datasets of rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) from 14 subjects were used to evaluate the performance of the EEG classification algorithm. For single-user/collaborative EEG classification of within-session and cross-session datasets, STC had significantly higher performance than the existing state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms. CONCLUSION: It was demonstrated that STC was effective to improve the classification performance of multi-user collaboration and cross-session transfer for RSVP-based BCI systems, and was helpful to reduce the system calibration time.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Humanos , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados , Algoritmos
12.
Plant Physiol ; 194(3): 1545-1562, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38039100

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of steroid hormones that play crucial roles in plant growth and development. Atypical bHLH transcription factors that lack the basic region for DNA binding have been implicated in BR signaling. However, the underlying mechanisms of atypical bHLHs in regulation of rice (Oryza sativa) BR signaling are still largely unknown. Here, we describe a systematic characterization of INCREASED LEAF INCLINATION (ILI) subfamily atypical bHLH transcription factors in rice. A total of 8 members, ILI1 to ILI8, with substantial sequence similarity were retrieved. Knockout and overexpression analyses demonstrated that these ILIs play unequally redundant and indispensable roles in BR-mediated growth and development in rice, with a more prominent role for ILI4 and ILI5. The ili3/4/5/8 quadruple and ili1/3/4/7/8 quintuple mutants displayed tremendous BR-related defects with severe dwarfism, erect leaves, and sterility. Biochemical analysis showed that ILIs interact with OsbHLH157 and OsbHLH158, which are also atypical bHLHs and have no obvious transcriptional activity. Overexpression of OsbHLH157 and OsbHLH158 led to drastic BR-defective growth, whereas the osbhlh157 osbhlh158 double mutant developed a typical BR-enhanced phenotype, indicating that OsbHLH157 and OsbHLH158 play a major negative role in rice BR signaling. Further transcriptome analyses revealed opposite effects of ILIs and OsbHLH157/OsbHLH158 in regulation of downstream gene expression, supporting the antagonism of ILIs and OsbHLH157/OsbHLH158 in maintaining the balance of BR signaling. Our results provide insights into the mechanism of BR signaling and plant architecture formation in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza , Oryza/genética , Brassinosteroides , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
13.
Environ Toxicol ; 39(3): 1456-1470, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37987463

RESUMO

The disorders of endometrial receptivity and ovulatory dysfunction are both significant causes of infertility in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In this study, we investigated the expression profile and functional implications of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the endometrial receptivity of PCOS-affected mice. Twenty-four female C57BL/6 mice were divided into PCOS and normal control groups. The PCOS group received subcutaneous DHEA treatment, while the control group remained untreated. Gene chip technology was utilized to analyze circRNA expression in endometrial tissues on the fourth day of gestation with subsequent bioinformatics analyses into circRNA functions. Furthermore, endometrial epithelial cells were used to determine represented circRNA functions. Results showed that the PCOS group exhibited 205 differentially expressed circRNAs, with 147 upregulated and 58 downregulated ones. qRT-PCR confirmed differential expression of circRNAs, including circRNA_38548, circRNA_001686, circRNA_38550, and circRNA_27938. Predicted target genes and a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network were constructed. Additionally, four circRNAs (circRNA_38548, circRNA_38550, and circRNA_001686) were identified to contribute to abnormal endometrial receptivity by regulating genes such as Lifr, FOXK1, FOXO1, HOXA10, through interactions with miRNAs. Further research is warranted to elucidate the underlying mechanisms involving these circRNAs.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead
14.
Br J Dermatol ; 190(2): 244-257, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37850885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disorder. Pathologically, it features abnormal epidermal proliferation, infiltrating inflammatory cells and increased angiogenesis in the dermis. Aberrant expression of E3 ubiquitin ligase and a dysregulated protein ubiquitination system are implicated in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the potential role of S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2), an E3 ligase and oncogene, in psoriasis. METHODS: Gene expression and protein levels were evaluated with quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining of skin samples from patients with psoriasis vulgaris and an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced mouse model, as well as from cultured endothelial cells (ECs). Protein interaction, substrate ubiquitination and degradation were examined using co-immunoprecipitation, Western blotting and a cycloheximide chase assay in human umbilical vein ECs. Angiogenesis was measured in vitro using human dermal microvascular ECs (HDMECs) for BrdU incorporation, migration and tube formation. In vivo angiogenesis assays included chick embryonic chorioallantoic membrane, the Matrigel plug assay and quantification of vasculature in the mouse lesions. Skp2 gene global knockout (KO) mice and endothelial-specific conditional KO mice were used. RESULTS: Skp2 was increased in skin samples from patients with psoriasis and IMQ-induced mouse lesions. Immunofluorescent double staining indicated a close association of Skp2 expression with excessive vascularity in the lesional dermal papillae. In HDMECs, Skp2 overexpression was enhanced, whereas Skp2 knockdown inhibited EC proliferation, migration and tube-like structure formation. Mechanistically, phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), which suppresses the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway, was identified to be a novel substrate for Skp2-mediated ubiquitination. A selective inhibitor of Skp2 (C1) or Skp2 small interfering RNA significantly reduced vascular endothelial growth factor-triggered PTEN ubiquitination and degradation. In addition, Skp2-mediated ubiquitination depended on the phosphorylation of PTEN by glycogen synthase kinase 3ß. In the mouse model, Skp2 gene deficiency alleviated IMQ-induced psoriasis. Importantly, tamoxifen-induced endothelial-specific Skp2 KO mice developed significantly ameliorated psoriasis with diminished angiogenesis of papillae. Furthermore, topical use of the Skp2 inhibitor C1 effectively prevented the experimental psoriasis. CONCLUSIONS: The Skp2/PTEN axis may play an important role in psoriasis-associated angiogenesis. Thus, targeting Skp2-driven angiogenesis may be a potential approach to treating psoriasis.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/genética , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/metabolismo , Tensinas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
15.
Nature ; 624(7991): 282-288, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38092911

RESUMO

Miniaturized lasers play a central role in the infrastructure of modern information society. The breakthrough in laser miniaturization beyond the wavelength scale has opened up new opportunities for a wide range of applications1-4, as well as for investigating light-matter interactions in extreme-optical-field localization and lasing-mode engineering5-19. An ultimate objective of microscale laser research is to develop reconfigurable coherent nanolaser arrays that can simultaneously enhance information capacity and functionality. However, the absence of a suitable physical mechanism for reconfiguring nanolaser cavities hinders the demonstration of nanolasers in either a single cavity or a fixed array. Here we propose and demonstrate moiré nanolaser arrays based on optical flatbands in twisted photonic graphene lattices, in which coherent nanolasing is realized from a single nanocavity to reconfigurable arrays of nanocavities. We observe synchronized nanolaser arrays exhibiting high spatial and spectral coherence, across a range of distinct patterns, including P, K and U shapes and the Chinese characters '' and '' ('China' in Chinese). Moreover, we obtain nanolaser arrays that emit with spatially varying relative phases, allowing us to manipulate emission directions. Our work lays the foundation for the development of reconfigurable active devices that have potential applications in communication, LiDAR (light detection and ranging), optical computing and imaging.

16.
Basic Clin Androl ; 33(1): 40, 2023 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38124064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED) is a common sexual dysfunction often accompanied by psychosomatic factors. Its treatment includes oral medications, psychotherapy, and behavioral therapy. Acupuncture's effect on erectile function in pED patients remains to be investigated. This randomized study evaluated the effects of acupuncture and sham acupuncture in pED patients. Altogether, 66 men with pED were randomized to the acupuncture (n = 33) or sham acupuncture group (n = 33). Both groups have a 6-week treatment with 18 sessions. Primary outcome was the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) at 6 weeks. Secondary outcomes were IIEF-5 (weeks 2, 4, and 10), erection hardness score (EHS), sexual encounter profile-2 (SEP-2), SEP-3, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), and self-rating depression scale (SDS). RESULTS: Among the 66 participants, 64 completed the outcome measurements at week 10. Both acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups had improved IIEF-5 and EHS and decreased SAS and SDS post-treatment (p < 0.05). The acupuncture group had significantly better improvement in IIEF-5, EHS, and SEP-3 and significantly reduced SAS and SDS than the sham acupuncture group (p < 0.05). The improvement in SEP-2 post-treatment was not significantly different between the two groups (p > 0.05). There were no serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The 6-week acupuncture treatment significantly improved the erectile capacity and psychosomatic status of pED patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2200064345 (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry) ( https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.html?proj=174873 ).


RéSUMé: CONTEXTE: La dysfonction érectile psychogène (DEp) est une dysfonction sexuelle courante, souvent accompagnée de facteurs psychosomatiques. Son traitement comprend des médicaments par voie orale, une psychothérapie, et une thérapie comportementale. L'effet de l'acupuncture sur la fonction érectile chez les patients atteints de DEp reste à étudier. Cette étude randomisée a évalué les effets de l'acupuncture et de l'acupuncture simulée chez les patients atteints de DEp. Au total, 66 hommes atteints de DEp ont été répartis par randomisation dans le groupe d'acupuncture (n = 33) ou d'acupuncture simulée (n = 33). Les deux groupes ont eu un traitement de 6 semaines avec 18 séances. Le critère de jugement principal était l'indice international de la fonction érectile-5 (IIEF-5) à six semaines. Les critères de jugement secondaires étaient l'IIEF-5 (semaines 2, 4 et 10), le score dedureté de l'érection (EHS), le profil de rencontre sexuelle-2 (SEP-2), le SEP-3, l'échelle d'auto-évaluation de l'anxiété (SAS) et l'échelle d'auto-évaluation de la dépression (SDS). RéSULTATS: Parmi les 66 participants, 64 ont complété les mesures souhaitées à la semaine 10. Les groupes d'acupuncture et d'acupuncture simulée présentaient une amélioration de l'IIEF-5 et de l'EHS et une diminution du SAS et du SDS après le traitement (p < 0,05). Le groupe d'acupuncture a eu une amélioration significativement meilleure de l'IIEF-5, de l'EHS et du SEP-3 et une réduction significative de la SAS et de la SDS par rapport au groupe d'acupuncture simulée (p < 0,05). L'amélioration post-traitement du SEP-2 n'était pas significativement différente entre les deux groupes (p > 0,05). Il n'y a pas eu d'effets indésirables graves. CONCLUSIONS: Le traitement par acupuncture de six semaines a significativement amélioré la capacité érectile et l'état psychosomatique des patients atteints de dysfonction érectile psychogène (DEp). NUMéRO D'ENREGISTREMENT DE L'ESSAI: ChiCTR2200064345 (Registre chinois des essais cliniques) ( https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.html?proj=174873 ) Date d'inscription : 3 octobre 2022. MOTS-CLéS: Acupuncture; psychogène; Dysfonction érectile; Acupuncture simulée; Dysfonction sexuelle.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(51): e36460, 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38134092

RESUMO

To determine current research objectives and predict future trends in studies on the relationship between genetics and major depressive disorder (MDD). We collected the publications in the last 20 years (2003-2023) related to genetics and MDD in the Web of Science database, and applied Citespace to assess the knowledge mapping. The number of manuscripts about genetics and MDD totaled 9200, with a faster increase after 2013. The country, institution, and author with the most publications are the USA, the University of London, and Serretti, Alessandro. BIOL PSYCHIAT published the most articles in this field. In addition, the most co-cited reference is Sullivan PF (2000) (673). Genetic and MDD research, including the hippocampus, and HPA axis may become the focus of research in the future. Based on a 20-year scientometric investigation, we know the USA, China, and Germany have emerged as the important research forces in this discipline. The strongest collaborations between developed countries and renowned institutions are beneficial to the advancement of genetic and MDD research. Serotonin is the strongest citation bursts keyword.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal , China , Bases de Dados Factuais
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 18: 6077-6099, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37908669

RESUMO

Manganese (Mn)-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a competitive imaging modality for cancer diagnosis due to its advantages of non-invasiveness, high resolution and excellent biocompatibility. In recent years, a variety of Mn contrast agents based on different material systems have been synthesized, and a series of multi-purpose Mn nanocomposites have also emerged, showing satisfactory relaxation efficiency and MRI performance thus possess the transformation and application value in MRI-synergized cancer diagnosis and treatment. This tutorial review starts from the classification and properties of Mn-based nanomaterials, and then summarizes various preparation and functionalization strategies of nanosized Mn contrast agents, especially focuses on the latest progress of Mn contrast agents in MRI-synergized precise cancer theranostics. In addition, present review also discusses the current clinical transformation obstacles such as unclear molecular mechanisms, potential nanotoxicity, and scale production constraints. This paper provides evidence-based recommendations about the future prospects of multifunctional nanoplatforms, as well as technical guidance and panoramic expectations for the design of clinically meaningful cancer management programs.


Assuntos
Manganês , Neoplasias , Humanos , Meios de Contraste , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
19.
Foods ; 12(22)2023 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38002172

RESUMO

In this paper, a combination of non-targeted metabolomics and multi-element analysis was used to investigate the impact of five different cultivars on the sensory quality of QTMJ tea and identify candidate markers for varietal authenticity assessment. With chemometric analysis, a total of 54 differential metabolites were screened, with the abundances significantly varied in the tea cultivars. By contrast, the QTMJ tea from the Yaoshan Xiulv (XL) monovariety presents a much better sensory quality as result of the relatively more abundant anthocyanin glycosides and the lower levels of 2'-o-methyladenosine, denudatine, kynurenic acid and L-pipecolic acid. In addition, multi-elemental analysis found 14 significantly differential elements among the cultivars (VIP > 1 and p < 0.05). The differences and correlations of metabolites and elemental signatures of QTMJ tea between five cultivars were discussed using a Pearson correlation analysis. Element characteristics can be used as the best discriminant index for different cultivars of QTMJT, with a predictive accuracy of 100%.

20.
Basic Clin Androl ; 33(1): 27, 2023 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37880595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red ginseng (RG) is a traditional herb commonly used in China, Korea, and other East Asian countries. Recently, it has demonstrated a better clinical value in men's reproductive health (MRH). The present review aimed to examine the effects of RG treatment on MRH. RESULTS: Overall, 42 articles related to RG application in MRH were reviewed, of which 31 were animal experiments and 11 were clinical studies. Furthermore, this review analyzed the use of RG in some male reproductive diseases in clinical trials and determined the associated mechanisms of action. The mechanism of action of RG in MRH may be related to oxidative stress, regulation of sex hormones and spermatogenesis-related proteins, and anti-inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: The application of RG for the treatment of male infertility, erectile dysfunction, and prostate diseases has the potential to contribute to MRH.


RéSUMé: CONTEXTE: Le ginseng rouge est une herbe traditionnelle couramment utilisée en Chine, en Corée et dans d'autres pays d'Asie de l'Est. Récemment, il a démontré une valeur clinique en santé reproductive des hommes. La présente revue visait à examiner les effets du traitement par ginseng rouge en santé reproductive masculine. RéSULTATS: Au total, 42 articles liés à l'utilisation du traitement par ginseng rouge en situation d'altérations de la santé reproductive mâle ont été examinés, dont 31 étaient des expériences sur des animaux et 11 des études cliniques. De plus, cette revue a analysé l'utilisation du ginseng rouge dans certaines maladies de la reproduction masculine lors d'essais cliniques, et a déterminé les mécanismes d'action associés. Le mécanisme d'action du ginseng rouge en santé reproductive mâle peut être lié au stress oxydatif, à la régulation des hormones sexuelles et des protéines liées à la spermatogenèse, et à une action anti-inflammatoire. CONCLUSIONS: L'application du ginseng rouge pour le traitement de l'infertilité masculine, de la dysfonction érectile et des maladies de la prostate a le potentiel de contribuer à la santé reproductive des hommes.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...