Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.706
Filtrar
1.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-6, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the efficacy of rituximab in the treatment of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). METHODS: The study initially included 40 patients with NMOSD diagnosed, after excluding patients who did not meet the complete inclusion criteria. Patients in the conventional group received routine clinical treatment, while patients in the study group received additional treatment with rituximab on the basis of the conventional treatment. Baseline data and clinically relevant indicators were collected for all patients, and the efficacy was compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Baseline data were comparable between the two groups (p > 0.05). The EDSS scores after clinical treatment in the study group were lower than those in the conventional group, and the difference in EDSS scores before and after treatment was higher than that in the conventional group (p < 0.05). The difference in visual acuity correction before and after treatment was not significant between the two groups (p > 0.05). Laboratory indicators in the study group after clinical treatment were superior to those in the conventional group (all p < 0.05). The recurrence rate after clinical treatment in the study group was significantly lower than that in the conventional group (p < 0.05). Adverse reactions after clinical treatment in the study group were less than those in the conventional group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study found that rituximab demonstrated significant efficacy in the acute attacks and recurrence prevention of NMOSD, emphasizing its relatively good safety and tolerability. It highlights the potential of rituximab in treating NMOSD and provides valuable insights for future disease management.

2.
Cancer Cell ; 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608702

RESUMO

With limited treatment options, cachexia remains a major challenge for patients with cancer. Characterizing the interplay between tumor cells and the immune microenvironment may help identify potential therapeutic targets for cancer cachexia. Herein, we investigate the critical role of macrophages in potentiating pancreatic cancer induced muscle wasting via promoting TWEAK (TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis) secretion from the tumor. Specifically, depletion of macrophages reverses muscle degradation induced by tumor cells. Macrophages induce non-autonomous secretion of TWEAK through CCL5/TRAF6/NF-κB pathway. TWEAK promotes muscle atrophy by activating MuRF1 initiated muscle remodeling. Notably, tumor cells recruit and reprogram macrophages via the CCL2/CCR2 axis and disrupting the interplay between macrophages and tumor cells attenuates muscle wasting. Collectively, this study identifies a feedforward loop between pancreatic cancer cells and macrophages, underlying the non-autonomous activation of TWEAK secretion from tumor cells thereby providing promising therapeutic targets for pancreatic cancer cachexia.

3.
Sex Med ; 12(2): qfae020, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586249

RESUMO

Background: Penile hypersensitivity is not the whole penis, but rather only a part of the penis. Though local anesthetic can prolong intravaginal ejaculation latency time by reducing penile hypersensitivity, the effect on the hypersensitive and nonsensitive areas of penis is still unclear. Aim: The study aimed to explore whether the effect of local anesthetic on the hypersensitive and nonsensitive areas of the penis is different in premature ejaculation. Methods: Penile neurophysiological tests were performed on 290 patients with primary premature ejaculation. The sensory threshold, latency, and amplitude were recorded before and after the topical application of a local anesthetic (lidocaine cream) on the penis. Outcomes: Local anesthetics increased the sensory thresholds of hypersensitive and nonsensitive areas of the penis without difference but only prolonged the latency of the hypersensitive areas. Results: According to the neurophysiological results, 149 of 290 patients with primary premature ejaculation had normal penile sensitivity and 141 had penile hypersensitivity. While penile hypersensitivity does not necessarily mean that the whole penis is hypersensitive, and may be that only a part of the penis is hypersensitive, and we examined the following hypersensitivities: glans hypersensitivity only (14 cases), shaft hypersensitivity only (77 cases), and whole penis hypersensitivity (50 cases). Local anesthetics (lidocaine cream) increased the sensory thresholds of hypersensitive and nonsensitive areas of the penis without difference (P < .001) but only prolonged the latency of the hypersensitive areas (P < .001), and the latency of the nonsensitive areas was not different (P > .05). Clinical Implications: The present discovery implies that it is possible to improve ejaculation by applying local anesthetics externally to the hypersensitive areas of the penis to reduce the afferent local sensory signals, and improve intravaginal ejaculation latency time through accurately decreasing penile sensibility. Strengths & Limitations: This is the first large-sample study to explore the difference of local anesthetics' effects on the hypersensitive and nonsensitive areas of the penis by means of neurophysiological methods in premature ejaculation. Our study exclusively examines alterations in penile evoked potential following electrical stimulation, which may not entirely encompass shifts in penile receptivity during sexual activity. Conclusion: The effects of local anesthetics on the same penis varied with penile sensitivity, and can only prolong the latency of hypersensitive area of the penis. The effect of local anesthetic on the hypersensitive and nonsensitive areas of the penis is different in premature ejaculation.

4.
J Adv Res ; 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588850

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) involve in destabilising messenger RNA or repressing translation of target molecules. Ginger-derived exosome-like nanoparticles (GELNs) play a crucial role in modulating intestinal inflammation. Moreover, GELNs contain highly heterogeneous miRNA. However, the role of miRNAs derived from GELNs in immunomodulation remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to elucidate the molecular basis of the unique biological effects mediated by miRNA derived from GELNs on macrophages. METHODS: GELNs were isolated using a combination of commercial exosome isolation kits and the differential centrifugation method, and the lipid composition of GELNs was determined using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Subsequently, PKH26 labelled GELNs were taken up by macrophages. Furthermore, the modulation of inflammatory and immune responses by GELNs or osa-miR164d was assessed through the RNA-seq, RT-qPCR, online databases, and dual luciferase reporter assays to explore the underlying mechanisms of osa-miR164d. Biomimetic exosomes loaded with osa-miR164d were prepared using a microfluidic mixing device and systematically characterized. The therapeutic effects of osa-miR164d on relieving colitis were evaluated. RESULTS: We report for the first time that GELNs-derived osa-miR164d is a regulatory factor of reprogramming macrophage polarization, thereby inhibiting the intestinal inflammatory response. Mechanistically, osa-miR164d directly targets the 3'-UTRs of TAB1, which regulates macrophage polarization through the downregulation of NF-κB expression. In addition, We have designed a biomimetic exosome mimicking GELNs to deliver osa-miR164d (osa-miR164d-MGELNs). Notably, the osa-miR164d-MGELNs can efficiently reprogram macrophages to alleviate colitis-related symptoms. CONCLUSION: Our findings enhance the systematic understanding of how GELNs-derived osa-miR164d mediates cross-kingdom communication and provide an original engineering paradigm for mimicking GELNs to transfer miRNA.

5.
Bioorg Chem ; 147: 107354, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599054

RESUMO

Pregnane X receptor (PXR) has been considered as a promising therapeutic target for cholestasis due to its crucial regulation in bile acid biosynthesis and metabolism. To search promising natural PXR agonists, the PXR agonistic activities of five traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) with hepatoprotective efficacy were assayed, and Hypericum japonicum as the most active one was selected for subsequent phytochemical investigation, which led to the isolation of eight nonaromatic acylphloroglucinol-terpenoid adducts including seven new compounds (1 - 4, 5a, 5b and 6). Their structures including absolute configurations were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic, computational and X-ray diffraction analysis. Meanwhile, the PXR agonistic activities of aplenty compounds were evaluated via dual-luciferase reporter assay, RT-qPCR and immunofluorescence. Among them, compounds 1 - 4 showed more potent activity than the positive drug rifampicin. Furthermore, the molecular docking revealed that 1 - 4 were docked well on the PXR ligand binding domain and formed hydrogen bonds with amino acid residues Gln285, Ser247 and His409. This investigation revealed that H. japonicum may serve as a rich source of natural PXR agonists.

6.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600703

RESUMO

Sterols have long been associated with diverse fields, such as cancer treatment, drug development, and plant growth; however, their underlying mechanisms and functions remain enigmatic. Here, we unveil a critical role played by a GmNF-YC9-mediated CCAAT-box transcription complex in modulating the steroid metabolism pathway within soybeans. Specifically, this complex directly activates squalene monooxygenase (GmSQE1), which is a rate-limiting enzyme in steroid synthesis. Our findings demonstrate that overexpression of either GmNF-YC9 or GmSQE1 significantly enhances soybean stress tolerance, while the inhibition of SQE weakens this tolerance. Field experiments conducted over two seasons further reveal increased yields per plant in both GmNF-YC9 and GmSQE1 overexpressing plants under drought stress conditions. This enhanced stress tolerance is attributed to the reduction of abiotic stress-induced cell oxidative damage. Transcriptome and metabolome analyses shed light on the upregulation of multiple sterol compounds, including fucosterol and soyasaponin II, in GmNF-YC9 and GmSQE1 overexpressing soybean plants under stress conditions. Intriguingly, the application of soybean steroids, including fucosterol and soyasaponin II, significantly improves drought tolerance in soybean, wheat, foxtail millet, and maize. These findings underscore the pivotal role of soybean steroids in countering oxidative stress in plants and offer a new research strategy for enhancing crop stress tolerance and quality from gene regulation to chemical intervention.

7.
Sex Med Rev ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600708

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The penis serves as a vital receptor in men, playing a significant role in sexual intercourse. While there are discernible disparities between the glans penis and the penile shaft, a comprehensive and detailed analysis of these distinctions is currently lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review the existing literature on the variances between the glans penis and the penile shaft, providing a systematic examination of their anatomical and histological dissimilarities. METHODS: Our investigation encompassed a thorough search of the published literature, including original articles, reviews, letters to the editor, and case reports focused on the penis. We conducted a comprehensive review of the anatomical and histological dissimilarities between the glans penis and the penile shaft. RESULTS: The following key differences were identified. First, regarding innervation, the glans penis and the penile shaft possess distinct neural pathways. The glans penis exhibits a 3-dimensional structure, while the penile shaft exhibits a 2-dimensional distribution. Notably, the nerves of the penile shaft extend penetrating branches into the corpus cavernosum. Furthermore, there are variations in nerve-specific antibodies between the 2 regions. Second, regarding composition, the glans penis and the penile shaft consist of dissimilar cavernous bodies. The glans penis contains unique epithelial structures and receptors, setting it apart from the penile shaft. Third, regarding the veins, there are disparities in the venous systems of the glans penis and the penile shaft. Fourth, regarding biothesiometry, variances in biothesiometry research have been observed between the 2 regions. CONCLUSION: There are differences between the glans and the shaft. To further advance our understanding, future research should delve deeper into the discrepancies between the glans penis and the penile shaft. Additionally, a more specialized subdivision of the glans penis and the penile shaft would facilitate more precise and tailored treatments.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134193, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569341

RESUMO

Arsenopyrite and pyrite often coexist in metal deposits and tailings, thus simultaneous bioleaching of both sulfides has economic (as well as environmental) significance. Important targets in bio-oxidation operations are high solubilization rates and minimized accumulation of Fe(III)/As-bearing secondary products. This study investigated the role of pyrite bioleaching in the enhancement of arsenopyrite dissolution. At a pyrite to arsenopyrite mass ratio of 1:1, 93.6% of As and 93.0% of Fe were solubilized. The results show that pyrite bio-oxidation can promote arsenopyrite dissolution, enhance S0 bio-oxidation, and inhibit the formation of jarosites, tooeleite, and amorphous ferric arsenate. The dry weight of the pyrite & arsenopyrite residue was reduced by 95.1% after bioleaching, compared to the initial load, while only 5% weight loss was observed when pyrite was absent. A biofilm was formed on the arsenopyrite surface in the presence of pyrite, while a dense passivation layer was observed in the absence of pyrite. As(III) (as As2O3) was a dominant As species in the pyrite & arsenopyrite residue. Novel and detailed findings are presented on arsenopyrite bio-dissolution in the presence of pyrite, and the presented approach could contribute to the development of novel cost-effective extractive bioprocesses. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION: The oxidation of arsenopyrite presents significant environmental hazards, as it can contribute to acid mine drainage generation and arsenic mobilization from sulfidic mine wastes. Bioleaching is a proven cost-effective and environmentally friendly extractive technology, which has been applied for decades in metal recovery from minerals or tailings. In this work, efficient extraction of arsenic from arsenopyrite bioleaching was presented through coupling the process with bio-oxidation of pyrite, resulting in lowered accumulation of hazardous and metastable Fe(III)/As-bearing secondary phases. The results could help improve current biomining operations and/or contribute to the development of novel cost-effective bioprocesses for metal extraction.

9.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 13(4): e12429, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576241

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is a systematic bone disease characterized by low bone mass and fragile bone microarchitecture. Conventional treatment for OP has limited efficacy and long-term toxicity. Synthetic biology makes bacterial extracellular vesicle (BEVs)-based therapeutic strategies a promising alternative for the treatment of OP. Here, we constructed a recombinant probiotics Escherichia coli Nissle 1917-pET28a-ClyA-BMP-2-CXCR4 (ECN-pClyA-BMP-2-CXCR4), in which BMP-2 and CXCR4 were overexpressed in fusion with BEVs surface protein ClyA. Subsequently, we isolated engineered BEVs-BMP-2-CXCR4 (BEVs-BC) for OP therapy. The engineered BEVs-BC exhibited great bone targeting in vivo. In addition, BEVs-BC had good biocompatibility and remarkable ability to promote osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Finally, the synthetic biology-based BEVs-BC significantly prevented the OP in an ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model. In conclusion, we constructed BEVs-BC with both bone-targeting and bone-forming in one-step using synthetic biology, which provides an effective strategy for OP and has great potential for industrialization.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Osteoporose , Animais , Camundongos , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/terapia , Transdução de Sinais , Biologia Sintética
10.
Cancer Res ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587552

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy characterized by an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment enriched with cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs). This study utilized a convergence approach to identify tumor cell and CAF interactions through the integration of single-cell data from human tumors with human organoid co-culture experiments. Analysis of a comprehensive atlas of PDAC single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data indicated that CAF density is associated with increased inflammation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in epithelial cells. Transfer learning using transcriptional data from patient-derived organoid and CAF co-cultures provided in silico validation of CAF induction of inflammatory and EMT epithelial cell states. Further experimental validation in co-cultures demonstrated integrin beta 1 (ITGB1) and vascular endothelial factor A (VEGF-A) interactions with neuropilin-1 (NRP1) mediating CAF-epithelial cell crosstalk. Together, this study introduces transfer learning from human single-cell data to organoid co-culture analyses for experimental validation of discoveries of cell-cell crosstalk and identifies fibroblast-mediated regulation of EMT and inflammation.

11.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28889, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596088

RESUMO

Background: Mild depression is not just a mental disease, but also a serious and long-term public health issue. It affects the quality of life of patients and can quickly develop into major depression. There are currently no effective drug treatments with high efficacy and few adverse reactions. Acupuncture may be an alternative treatment option. Preliminary experiments and practices have demonstrated that "Tiaoshen" acupuncture improves symptoms in patients who have depression, however the underlying data and method remain unclear at present. Methods: This is a prospective, single-center, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. We plan to recruit 70 participants and randomly assign them to receive "Tiaoshen" acupuncture or traditional acupuncture at a ratio of 1:1. Then, all the participants will receive the appropriate acupuncture treatment for four weeks. The results of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDSR-24) will serve as the primary outcome, while the results of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) will serve as secondary outcomes. Evaluations will be conducted at baseline, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after treatment initiation, and 1 and 3 months after treatment completion. The safety of the intervention will be evaluated every week using the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) and the Treatment Emergent Symptoms Scale (TESS). Serum levels of oxidative stress markers 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α), superoxide dismutase (SOD), uric acid (UA), and total bilirubin (TBIL) will be measured at baseline and the end of the treatment. We will conduct a statistical analysis of intention to treat (ITT) and conformance to protocol set (PPS) data. Discussion: This research aims to provide high-quality evidence for the efficacy and safety of "Tiaoshen" acupuncture as a treatment for mild depression. In addition, the mechanism through which acupuncture heals mild depression will be investigated.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 274: 116124, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the toxicological impact of Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) on the process of liver fibrosis transitioning into cirrhosis and the subsequent development of portal hypertension (PHT) through the mechanism of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) mediated by the ROS/TGF-ß/Snail-1 signaling pathway. METHOD: Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) (1 mg/kg) was introduced in adult rats by oral feeding in CCl4 and CCl4+DBP groups twice a week for 8 weeks, and twice for another 8 week in CCl4 group. DBP was introduced by oral feeding in the CCl4+DBP group twice over the following 8 weeks. We subsequently analyzed hemodynamics measurements and liver cirrhosis degree, hepatic inflammation and liver function in the different groups. EMT related genes expression in rats in the groups of Control, DBP, CCl4 and CCl4+DBP were measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), qRT-PCR, western blot were used to detect the EMT related proteins and mRNA gene expression levels in rats and primary hepatocytes (PHCs). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were examined with a ROS detection kit. RESULTS: The results showed that the CCl4+DBP group had higher portal pressure (PP) and lower mean arterial pressure (MAP) than the other groups. Elevated collagen deposition, profibrotic factor, inflammation, EMT levels were detected in DBP and CCl4+DBP groups. ROS, TGF-ß1 and Snail-1 were highly expressed after DBP exposure in vitro. TGF-ß1 had the potential to regulate Snail-1, and both of them were subject to regulation by ROS. CONCLUSION: DBP could influence the progression of EMT through its toxicological effect by ROS/TGF-ß1/Snail-1 signalling pathway, causing cirrhosis and PHT in final. The findings of this research might contribute to a novel comprehension of the underlying toxicological mechanisms and animal model involved in the progression of cirrhosis and PHT, and potentially offered a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of the disease.


Assuntos
Dibutilftalato , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Hipertensão Portal , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Ratos , Dibutilftalato/toxicidade , Fibrose , Hipertensão Portal/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
13.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 216: 106-117, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461872

RESUMO

Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced endothelial oxidative damage promotes the development of atherosclerosis. Caveolae play an essential role in maintaining the survival and function of vascular endothelial cell (VEC). It is reported that the long coiled-coil protein NECC2 is localized in caveolae and is associated with neural cell differentiation and adipocyte formation, but its role in VECs needs to be clarified. Our results showed NECC2 expression increased in the endothelium of plaque-loaded aortas and oxLDL-treated HUVECs. Down-regulation of NECC2 by NECC2 siRNA or compound YF-307 significantly inhibited oxLDL-induced VEC apoptosis and the adhesion factors expression. Remarkably, inhibition of NECC2 expression in the endothelium of apoE-/- mice by adeno-associated virus (AAV)-carrying NECC2 shRNA or compound YF-307 alleviated endothelium injury and restricted atherosclerosis development. The immunoprecipitation results confirmed that NECC2 interacted with Tyk2 and caveolin-1(Cav-1) in VECs, and NECC2 further promoted the phosphorylation of Cav-1 at Tyr14 b y activating Tyk2 phosphorylation. On the other hand, inhibiting NECC2 levels suppressed oxLDL-induced phosphorylation of Cav-1, uptake of oxLDL by VECs, accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and activation of NF-κB. Our findings suggest that NECC2 may contribute to oxLDL-induced VEC injury and atherosclerosis via modulating Cav-1 phosphorylation through Tyk2. This work provides a new concept and drug target for treating atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Animais , Camundongos , Apolipoproteínas/efeitos adversos , Apolipoproteínas/metabolismo , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Endotélio/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
14.
JACS Au ; 4(2): 828-836, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425906

RESUMO

This study introduces a novel wash-type affinity-primed proximity labeling (WAPL) strategy for labeling and surface engineering of the MUC1 protein neighboring system. The strategy entails the utilization of peroxidase in conjunction with a MUC1-selective aptamer, facilitating targeted binding to MUC1 and inducing covalent labeling of the protein neighboring system. This study reveals a novel finding that the WAPL strategy demonstrates superior labeling efficiency in comparison to nonwash-type affinity-primed proximity labeling, marking the first instance of such observations. The WAPL strategy provides signal amplification by converting a single recognition event into multiple covalent labeling events, thereby improving the detection sensitivity for subtle changes in MUC1. The WAPL platform employs two levels of labeling upgrades, modifying the biotin handles of the conventional labeling substrate, biotin-phenol. The first level involves a range of clickable molecules, facilitating dibenzoazacyclooctynylation, alkynylation, and trans-cyclooctenylation of the protein neighboring system. The second level utilizes lactose as a post-translational modification model, enabling rapid and reliable glycoengineering of the MUC1 neighboring system while remaining compatible with cell-based assays. The implementation of the WAPL strategy in protein neighboring systems has resulted in the establishment of a versatile platform that can effectively facilitate diverse monitoring and regulation techniques. This platform offers valuable insights into the regulation of relevant signaling pathways and promotes the advancement of novel therapeutic approaches, thereby bringing substantial implications for human health.

15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2307630, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441389

RESUMO

Regulation of excessive inflammation and impaired cell proliferation is crucial for healing diabetic wounds. Although plant-to-mammalian regulation offers effective approaches for chronic wound management, the development of a potent plant-based therapeutic presents challenges. This study aims to validate the efficacy of turmeric-derived nanoparticles (TDNPs) loaded with natural bioactive compounds. TDNPs can alleviate oxidative stress, promote fibroblast proliferation and migration, and reprogram macrophage polarization. Restoration of the fibroblast-macrophage communication network by TDNPs stimulates cellular regeneration, in turn enhancing diabetic wound healing. To address diabetic wound management, TDNPs are loaded in an ultralight-weight, high swelling ratio, breathable aerogel (AG) constructed with cellulose nanofibers and sodium alginate backbones to obtain TDNPs@AG (TAG). TAG features wound shape-customized accessibility, water-adaptable tissue adhesiveness, and capacity for sustained release of TDNPs, exhibiting outstanding performance in facilitating in vivo diabetic wound healing. This study highlights the potential of TDNPs in regenerative medicine and their applicability as a promising solution for wound healing in clinical settings.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2305823, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460176

RESUMO

Pathogenic bacteria are the main cause of bacterial infectious diseases, which have posed a grave threat to public health. Single-atom nanozymes have emerged as promising candidates for antibacterial applications, but their activities need to be further improved. Considering diatomic nanozymes exhibit superior metal loading capacities and enhanced catalytic performance, a new interlayer coupling diatomic nanozyme (IC-DAN) is constructed by modulating the coordination environment in an atomic-level engineering. It is well demonstrated that IC-DAN exhibited superior peroxidase-mimetic activity in the presence of H2 O2 to yield abundant ∙OH and possessed high photothermal conversion ability, which synergistically achieves efficient antibacterial therapy. Therefore, IC-DAN shows great potential used as antibacterial agent in clinic and this study open a new route to developing high-performance artificial enzymes.

17.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(2): 314-330, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) expression and autophagy in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues has not been widely studied. CDK9, a key regulator of transcription, may influence the occurrence and progression of CRC. The expression of autophagy-related genes BECN1 and drug resistance factor ABCG2 may also play a role in CRC. Under normal physiological conditions, autophagy can inhibit tumorigenesis, but once a tumor forms, autophagy may promote tumor growth. Therefore, understanding the relationship between autophagy and cancer, particularly how autophagy promotes tumor growth after its formation, is a key motivation for this research. AIM: To investigate the relationship between CDK9 expression and autophagy in CRC, assess differences in autophagy between left and right colon cancer, and analyze the associations of autophagy-related genes with clinical features and prognosis. METHODS: We collected tumor tissues and paracarcinoma tissues from colon cancer patients with liver metastasis to observe the level of autophagy in tissues with high levels of CDK9 and low levels of CDK9. We also collected primary tissue from left and right colon cancer patients with liver metastasis to compare the autophagy levels and the expression of BECN1 and ABCG2 in the tumor and paracarcinoma tissues. RESULTS: The incidence of autophagy and the expression of BECN1 and ABCG2 were different in left and right colon cancer, and autophagy might be involved in the occurrence of chemotherapy resistance. Further analysis of the relationship between the expression of autophagy-related genes CDK9, ABCG2, and BECN1 and the clinical features and prognosis of colorectal cancer showed that the high expression of CDK9 indicated a poor prognosis in colorectal cancer. CONCLUSION: This study laid the foundation for further research on the combination of CDK9 inhibitors and autophagy inhibitors in the treatment of patients with CRC.

18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 306-311, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with co-morbid Ornithine carbamoyl transferase deficiency (OTCD) and MECP2 duplication syndrome. METHODS: A proband who was admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Gansu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on December 19, 2017 was selected as the study subject. High-throughput sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) were carried out for her pedigree, and short tandem repeat-based linkage analysis and chromosome copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) were used for the prenatal diagnosis. RESULTS: The proband, a 3-day-old female, was found to harbor heterozygous deletion of exons 7-9 of the OTC gene. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was classified as likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4). The proband was diagnosed with OTCD , which was in keeping with her acute encephalopathy and metabolic abnormalities (manifesting as hyperammonemia, decreased blood citrulline, and increased urine orotic acid). Prenatal diagnosis was carried out for the subsequent pregnancy. The fetus did not harbor the exons 7-9 deletion of the OTC gene, but was found to carry a duplication in Xq28 region (which encompassed the whole region of MECP2 duplication syndrome) and was positive for the SRY sequence. The same duplication was also found in the proband and her mother. Considering the possible existence of X-chromosome inactivation, the proband was diagnosed with two X-linked recessive disorders including OTCD and MECP2 duplication syndrome, and the fetus was determined as a male affected with the MECP2 duplication syndrome. CONCLUSION: Discoveries of the pathogenic variants underlying the OTCD and MECP2 duplication syndrome have enabled clinical intervention, treatment, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for this pedigree.


Assuntos
Carboxil e Carbamoil Transferases , Retardo Mental Ligado ao Cromossomo X , Doença da Deficiência de Ornitina Carbomoiltransferase , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , China , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Ornitina , Doença da Deficiência de Ornitina Carbomoiltransferase/diagnóstico , Doença da Deficiência de Ornitina Carbomoiltransferase/genética , Linhagem , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
19.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27534, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496839

RESUMO

Many clinical management strategies have been proposed to deal with diabetic foot ulcers. However, the occurrence and recurrence of foot ulcers remain the major problems for diabetics. This study aims to identify, visualize, and characterize the meta-analyses on diabetic foot ulcer research. Articles published online were retrieved from the Web of Science core collection database using a search query incorporating MeSH terms and topics related to diabetic foot ulcers and meta-analysis. The publications were then analyzed for basic characteristics, including publication year, countries, topics covered, references, and keywords discussed in the articles. Data visualization was performed using CiteSpace. 334 meta-analyses and systematic reviews on diabetic foot ulcers were identified. The number of publications has experienced rapid growth in recent years (nearly 6-fold since 2016). The United States, China, Netherlands, England, and Australia had a strong collaboration in the contribution of publication. 7 primary topics were summarized from the top 100 highly cited publications: #1 Interventions (proportion: 59%), #2 Risk factors and Prevention (22%), #3 Epidemiology analysis (6%), #4 Cost-effectiveness of interventions (5%), #5 Long-term prognosis (3%), #6 Quality of life analysis (3%), and #7 Economic burden analysis (2%). Footwear and offloading interventions, multidisciplinary care, hyperbaric oxygen, platelet-rich plasma, and negative pressure wound therapies are highly regarded in terms of intervention. Diabetic foot osteomyelitis, peripheral diabetic neuropathy, chronic limb-threatening ischemia, and infections are the main comorbidities. In recent years, offloading interventions, debridement, telemedicine, long-term prognosis, and economic burden analyses have gradually received attention. Individualized treatment, multidisciplinary collaboration, quality of life considerations, and economic burden analyses are the long-term concerns.

20.
Noncoding RNA Res ; 9(2): 407-420, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511063

RESUMO

This study investigates the crucial role of immune- and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated genes and non-coding RNAs in glioma development and diagnosis, given the challenging 5-year survival rates associated with this prevalent CNS malignant tumor. Clinical and RNA data from glioma patients were meticulously gathered from CGGA databases, and EMT-related genes were sourced from dbEMT2.0, while immune-related genes were obtained from MSigDB. Employing consensus clustering, novel molecular subgroups were identified. Subsequent analyses, including ESTIMATE, TIMER, and MCP counter, provided insights into the tumor microenvironment (TIME) and immune status. Functional studies, embracing GO, KEGG, GSVA, and GSEA analyses, unraveled the underlying mechanisms governing these molecular subgroups. Utilizing the LASSO algorithm and multivariate Cox regression, a prognostic risk model was crafted. The study unveiled two distinct molecular subgroups with significantly disparate survival outcomes. A more favorable prognosis was linked to low immune scores, high tumor purity, and an abundance of immune infiltrating cells with differential expression of non-coding RNAs, including miRNAs. Functional analyses illuminated enrichment of immune- and EMT-associated pathways in differentially expressed genes and non-coding RNAs between these subgroups. GSVA and GSEA analyses hinted at abnormal EMT status potentially contributing to glioma-associated immune disorders. The risk model, centered on OS-EMT-ICI genes, exhibited promise in accurately predicting survival in glioma. Additionally, a nomogram integrating the risk model with clinical characteristics demonstrated notable accuracy in prognostic predictions for glioma patients. In conclusion, OS-EMT-ICI gene and non-coding RNA expression emerges as a valuable indicator intricately linked to immune microenvironment dysregulation, offering a robust tool for precise prognosis prediction in glioma patients within the OBMRC framework.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...