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1.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067554

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a common cause of secondary hypertension and is associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes. The elevated aldosterone in PA leads to left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction. In recent decades, clinical studies have demonstrated worse LV remodeling including increased LV mass and cardiac fibrosis in patients with PA compared to patients with essential hypertension. Several mechanisms may explain the process of aldosterone-induced LV remodeling, including directly profibrotic and hypertrophic effects of aldosterone on myocardium, increased reactive oxygen species and profibrotic molecules, dysregulation of extracellular matrix metabolism, endothelium dysfunction and circulatory macrophages activation. LV remodeling causes LV diastolic and systolic dysfunction, which may consequently lead to clinical complications such as heart failure, atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, and other vascular events. Adequate treatment with adrenalectomy or medical therapy can improve LV remodeling and dysfunction in PA patients. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of aldosterone-induced LV remodeling and provide an up-to-date review of clinical research about LV remodeling-related heart structural changes, cardiac dysfunction, and their clinical impacts on patients with PA.

2.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010822

RESUMO

Neurological complications are common in patients with COVID-19. Although severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causal pathogen of COVID-19, has been detected in some patient brains, its ability to infect brain cells and impact their function is not well understood. Here, we investigated the susceptibility of human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived monolayer brain cells and region-specific brain organoids to SARS-CoV-2 infection. We found that neurons and astrocytes were sparsely infected, but choroid plexus epithelial cells underwent robust infection. We optimized a protocol to generate choroid plexus organoids from hiPSCs and showed that productive SARS-CoV-2 infection of these organoids is associated with increased cell death and transcriptional dysregulation indicative of an inflammatory response and cellular function deficits. Together, our findings provide evidence for selective SARS-CoV-2 neurotropism and support the use of hiPSC-derived brain organoids as a platform to investigate SARS-CoV-2 infection susceptibility of brain cells, mechanisms of virus-induced brain dysfunction, and treatment strategies.

3.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1109-1114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate volume changes of subcortical structures in patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis. METHODS: Thirty patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis (the cirrhosis group) and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (the control group) were enrolled in this prospective study. All subjects underwent neuropsychological tests, blood biochemical determinations, and cerebral MRI. Volumes of 18 selected subcortical structures were automatically segmented and analyzed by the FreeSurfer. In the cirrhosis group, the relationships between abnormal subcortical volumes and clinical index or neurocognitive performance were investigated. The relationships between globus pallidus volumes and pallidal hyperintensity were also examined. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy controls, patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis displayed smaller bilateral putamen, amygdala, and nucleus accumbens volumes and larger bilateral globus pallidus volumes (P<0.001 or P=0.001). In the cirrhosis group, the volumes of left putamen and amygdala were negatively correlated with the number connection test-A (NCT-A)(left putamen r=-0.410, P=0.034; left amygdala r=-0.439, P=0.022), and the volumes of bilateral globus pallidus were positively correlated with pallidal index (PI) (left globus pallidus r=0.889, P<0.001; right globus pallidus r=0.900, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormalities of subcortical volumes appear bilaterally symmetrical in patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis. Atrophy of left putamen and amygdala might contribute to poor neurocognitive performance, and the manganese deposition might contribute to the increased globus pallidus volumes in patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Cell Prolif ; : e12916, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058377

RESUMO

Healing after mammalian skin injury involves the interaction between numerous cellular constituents and regulatory factors, which together form three overlapping phases: an inflammatory response, a proliferation phase and a remodelling phase. Any slight variation in these three stages can substantially alter the healing process and resultant production of scars. Of particular significance are the mechanisms responsible for the scar-free phenomenon observed in the foetus. Uncovering such mechanisms would offer great expectations in the treatment of scars and therefore represents an important area of investigation. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of studies on injury-induced skin regeneration within the foetus. The information contained in these studies provides an opportunity for new insights into the treatment of clinical scars based on the cellular and molecular processes involved.

5.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090512

RESUMO

Since 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected ten millions of people across the globe, and massive mutations in virus genome have occurred during the rapid spread of this novel coronavirus. Variance in protein sequence might lead to change in protein structure and interaction, then further affect the viral physiological characteristics, which could bring tremendous influence on the pandemic. In this study, we investigated 20 non-synonymous mutations in SARS-CoV-2 genome which incidence rates were all ≥1% as of September 1st, 2020, then modeled and analyzed the mutant protein structures. The results showed that four types of mutations caused dramatic changes in protein structures (RMSD ≥5.0 Å), which were Q57H and G251V in open reading frames 3a (ORF3a), S194L and R203K/G204R in nucleocapsid (N). Next, we found that these mutations also affected the binding affinity of intraviral protein interactions. In addition, the hot spots within these docking mutant complexes were altered, among which the mutation Q57H was involved in both Orf3a-S and Orf3a-Orf8 protein interactions. Besides, these mutations were widely distributed all over the world, and their occurrences fluctuated as time went on. Notably, the incidences of R203K/G204R in N and Q57H in Orf3a were both over 50% in some countries. Overall, our findings suggest that SARS-CoV-2 mutations could change viral protein structure, binding affinity and hot spots of the interface, thereby might have impacts on SARS-CoV-2 transmission, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Stem Cell Res ; 49: 102011, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038742

RESUMO

Expanded human skin fibroblast cells from four different aged healthy individuals, 11-year-old female, 1-year-old male, 2-month-old male, and 8-year-old male, were used to generate integration-free induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines TRNDi021-C, TRNDi023-D, TRNDi024-D, and TRNDi025-A, respectively, by exogenous expression of four reprogramming factors, human SXO2, OCT3/4, C-MYC, KLF4. The authenticity of established iPSC lines was confirmed by the expressions of stem cell markers, karyotype analysis, and teratoma formation. These iPSC lines could serve as young healthy controls for the studies involving patient-specific iPSCs.

7.
Shock ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It was reported that carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-3 (CORM-3) administration immediately after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR) ameliorates the HSR-induced acute lung injury (ALI); however, the specific mechanism of the protective effects against HSR-induced ALI remains unclear. METHODS: To induce hemorrhagic shock, rats were bled to a mean arterial blood pressure of 30 mmHg for 45 min and then resuscitated with shed blood via the left vein. CORM-3 (4 or 8 mg/kg) was respectively administrated after HSR. 12 h post-HSR, lung injury was assessed by wet/dry (W/D) ratio, hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) staining and lung ultrasound; the apoptotic and pyroptotic macrophages were measured by immunofluorescence staining; and the expression of phosphorylated p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p-p38MAPK) and total p38MAPK (t-p38MAPK) was measured by western blotting. SB203580 (5 mg/kg), a special inhibitor of p-p38MAPK, was administrated by abdominal cavity to assess the roles of p38MAPK in HSR-induced ALI. RESULTS: Increased B-line score, lung injury score, and W/D ratio indicated the fact of ALI after HSR. 12 h post-HSR, CORM-3 administration significantly decreased the B-line score, lung injury score, W/D ratio, apoptotic and pyroptotic macrophages, and the expressions of p-p38MAPK. Further, SB203580 not only reduced HSR-induced ALI, but also enhanced the protective effects of CORM-3 against ALI. CONCLUSION: We identified the protective effects of CORM-3 against HSR-induced ALI. The mechanism might be related to the inhibition of p38MAPK signaling pathway in lung macrophages.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038280

RESUMO

Obesity is considered a chronic inflammatory state characterized by continued secretion of adipokines and cytokines. Experimental and epidemiological evidence indicates that circulating adipokines may be associated with the development of obesity-related cancers, but it is unclear if these associations are causal or confounded. We examined potential causal associations of specific adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, soluble leptin receptor [sOB-R] and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1]) with five obesity-related cancers (colorectal, pancreatic, renal cell carcinoma [RCC], ovarian and endometrial) using Mendelian randomization (MR) methods. We used summary-level data from large genetic consortia for 114 530 cancer cases and 245 284 controls. We constructed genetic instruments using 18 genetic variants for adiponectin, 2 for leptin and 4 for both sOB-R and PAI-1 (P value for inclusion<5 × 10-8 ). Causal estimates were obtained using two-sample MR methods. In the inverse-variance weighted models, we found an inverse association between adiponectin and risk of colorectal cancer (odds ratio per 1 µg/mL increment in adiponectin concentration: 0.90 [95% confidence interval = 0.84-0.97]; P = .01); but, evidence of horizontal pleiotropy was detected and the association was not present when this was taken into consideration. No association was found for adiponectin and risks of pancreatic cancer, RCC, ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer. Leptin, sOB-R and PAI-1 were also similarly unrelated to risk of obesity-related cancers. Despite the large sample size, our MR analyses do not support causal effects of circulating adiponectin, leptin, sOB-R and PAI-1 concentrations on the development of five obesity-related cancers.

9.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 423-426, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089295

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the relationship between atrophic glossitis and anemia, anemia types and other related factors(oral candida infection, xerostomia) in 124 consecutive cases. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four cases with atrophic glossitis and 53 healthy controls were collected from Qingdao local population. The main indexes including general status, oral examination findings, hemoglobin (Hb), mean red blood cell volume (MCV), vitamin B12, ferritin, folic acid, anemia and anemia type, xerostomia and candida infection were statistically analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software package for Student's t test. RESULTS: Among 124 cases of glossitis group, 48.39% were found with anemia, 41.94% with xerostomia, 79.03% with Candida infection, 29.03% with Vitamin B12 deficiency, 22.58% with ferritin deficiency, 11.29% with folic acid deficiency. The contents of hemoglobin, ferritin and vitamin B12 in glossitis group were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.05), and the number of glossitis patients with anemia, xerostomia and candida infection were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in folic acid content between the two groups(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of atrophic glossitis is closely related to anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency, ferritin deficiency, xerostomia, oral candida infection. There is no correlation with folic acid deficiency. Patients with atrophic glossitis accompanied by anemia have a higher proportion of macrocytic anemia.


Assuntos
Anemia , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico , Glossite , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12 , Humanos , Vitamina B 12
10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 161(Pt A): 111735, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080385

RESUMO

A comprehensive evaluation system and model of Coastal Wetland Ecological Vulnerability (CWEV) was constructed and applied to reveal spatial heterogeneity of the ecological vulnerability of the Yellow River Delta Wetland (YRDW). The results showed that the score of the ecological vulnerability (EVS) of the YRDW was 0.49, which was generally at a medium vulnerability level. The wetland area of high vulnerability was up to 943km2, accounting for 35.2% of the total area, followed by the medium vulnerable area with an area of 750km2, accounting for 28.1% of the total area. From the coastline perpendicularly to the land, the "seaward" gradient effect gradually decreased, the vulnerability-increasing "hydrologic connectivity" effect increased with the distance from the river channel, and the "land source influence" effect gradually decayed along with the vulnerability of population and economy gathering areas.

11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction occurs due to insufficient (ischemia) blood supply to heart for long time; plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is a long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including heart disease; however, few studies have explored its role. The present study evaluated the effects of lncRNA PVT1 on hypoxic rat H9c2 cells. METHODS: Hypoxic injury was examined by measuring cell viability and apoptosis by using cell counting kit-8 activity and flow cytometry assays. Gene expressions after hypoxia were estimated by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and the signaling pathway were explored by Western blot analysis. RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays were applied to examine the interactions among genes. Data were analyzed using t-test with one-way or two-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: The lncRNA PVT1 is up-regulated in hypoxia-stressed H9c2 cells and knockdown of PVT1 mitigates hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells. PVT1 acts as a sponge for miR-135a-5p and knockdown of PVT1 attenuated the increased hypoxia-induced injury by up-regulating miR-135a-5p. Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) was identified as a target of miR-135a-5p, and the expression was negatively regulated by miR-135a-5p. The exploration of the underlying mechanism demonstrated that knockdown of FOXO1 reversed PVT1/miR-135a-5p mediated hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: PVT1 plays a crucial role in hypoxia-injured H9c2 cells through sponging miR-135a-5p and then positively regulating FOXO1.

12.
Toxicol Ind Health ; : 748233720958969, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic long-term, low-dose environmental and occupational exposure to lead (Pb) has been extensively studied in large cohorts worldwide among general populations, miners, smelters, or battery workers. However, studies on severe life-threatening Pb poisoning due to accidental or chronic occupational exposure to Pb and manganese (Mn) were rarely reported. METHODS: We present one case of acute severe Pb poisoning and compare it with another severe chronic occupational exposure case involving Pb and Mn. A 27-year-old woman mistakenly took a large quantity of pure Pb powder as an herbal remedy; she developed abdominal colic, severe nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and cutaneous and sclera icterus. Laboratory tests showed her blood lead level (BLL) of 173.5 µg dL-1 and urinary lead level (ULL) of 1240 µg dL-1. The patient was diagnosed with acute Pb poisoning and acute liver failure. In another chronic exposure case, a 56-year-old man worked in a Pb and Mn smelting factory for 15 years. He was brought to the emergency room with severe nausea, vomiting, and paroxysmal abdominal colic, which was intolerable during the onset of pain. His BLL was 64.8 µg dL-1 and ULL was 38 µg dL-1, but his blood and urinary Mn levels were normal. The patient was diagnosed with chronic Pb poisoning. Both patients received chelation therapy with calcium disodium ethylene-diamine-tetraacetate (CaNa2EDTA). The woman with acute severe Pb intoxication recovered well and was discharged from the hospital after treatment, and the man who survived severe Pb poisoning was diagnosed with lung cancer. CONCLUSION: Clinical manifestations of acute and chronic severe Pb poisoning are different. Chelation therapy with CaNa2EDTA is proven to be an effective life-saving therapy in both cases by reducing BLL. Occupational exposure to both Pb and Mn does not appear to increase Mn neurotoxicity; however, the probability that co-exposure to Mn may increase Pb toxicity in the same patient cannot be excluded.

13.
Clin Genet ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020905

RESUMO

The subcortical maternal complex (SCMC) is an oocyte-to-embryo-specific maternal functional module. Some variants of SCMC genes that contribute to preimplantation embryonic arrest have been identified. However, more novel variants should be identified to broaden the genetic and phenotypic spectrum of SCMC genes and establish their roles in embryonic development. We identified 13 novel variants in the SCMC genes, TLE6, NLRP5, NLRP2, and PADI6, from 10 of a total of 50 infertile females with recurrent preimplantation embryonic arrest. Six variants in TLE6 were found in five patients with embryonic arrest, accompanied by direct cleavage and severe fragmentation at the cleavage stage. Three patients carried NLRP5 variants, and one patient each who carried NLRP2 and PADI6 variants had subsequent poor or failed fertilization and cleavage arrest with a relatively lower ratio of severely fragmented embryos. Our findings expand the genetic and phenotypic spectrum of SCMC genes associated with human embryogenesis and might help lay the foundation for the genetic diagnosis of female infertility.

14.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027022

RESUMO

The phenomenon of increasing accidents caused by reduced vigilance does exist. In the future, the high accuracy of vigilance estimation will play a significant role in public transportation safety. We propose a multimodal regression network that consists of multichannel deep autoencoders with subnetwork neurons (MCDAEsn). After we define two thresholds of ``0.35'' and ``0.70'' from the percentage of eye closure, the output values are in the continuous range of 0-0.35, 0.36-0.70, and 0.71-1 representing the awake state, the tired state, and the drowsy state, respectively. To verify the efficiency of our strategy, we first applied the proposed approach to a single modality. Then, for the multimodality, since the complementary information between forehead electrooculography and electroencephalography features, we found the performance of the proposed approach using features fusion significantly improved, demonstrating the effectiveness and efficiency of our method.

15.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 431-434, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089297

RESUMO

The announcement of National Health Commission on January 20, 2020 (No.1 of 2020) has included novel coronavirus pneumonia into the B class infectious diseases according to the law of the People's Republic of China on the prevention and control of infectious diseases, and has been managed as A class infectious diseases. People's governments at all levels and health administration departments have been paying high attention to it. With the alleviation of COVID-19 nationwide, dental clinics gradually resume to work. The main transmission routes of COVID-19 are respiratory droplets and contact transmission, hence oral radiological examination is kind of a high-risk operation. Standardized radiologic process is of great significance to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. In accordance with the national and Shanghai epidemic prevention requirements, and in combination with the actual situation of various medical institutions, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Committee of Shanghai Stomatological Association formulated the expert consensus on standardized prevention and control of COVID-19 for clinical reference. This recommendation will be updated according to the situation of epidemic prevention and control in China and the new relevant diagnosis and treatment plans.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Radiografia Dentária , Betacoronavirus , China , Consenso , Humanos
16.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 803-807, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018107

RESUMO

Motion rehabilitation is increasingly required owing to an aging population and suffering of stroke, which means human motion analysis must be valued. Based on the concept mentioned above, a deep-learning-based system is proposed to track human motion based on three-dimensional (3D) images in this work; meanwhile, the features of traditional red green blue (RGB) images, known as two-dimensional (2D) images, were used as a comparison. The results indicate that 3D images have an advantage over 2D images due to the information of spatial relationships, which implies that the proposed system can be a potential technology for human motion analysis applications.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado Profundo , Idoso , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Movimento (Física)
17.
Gene ; : 145227, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059025

RESUMO

After fertilization, parental chromosomes decondense and form pronuclei. During these processes, germ cell genomes merge and give rise to the zygotic genome. Multiple pronuclei (MPN) formation is usually caused by polyspermic fertilization or oocyte-derived meiotic failure, and account for 15-18% of cytogenetically abnormal cases among spontaneous abortions. However, pathogenic gene mutations responsible for human MPN formation still need to be identified. Tubulin ß eight class VIII (TUBB8) is the major ß-tubulin isotype that assembles the human oocyte spindle. In this study, we identified 3 novel heterozygous missense mutations (c.524 T > C [p.V175A], c.10_12delins CTT [p.I4L], and c.1045 G > A [p.V349I]) in TUBB8 that were associated with a new phenotype: MPN in zygotes after in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). These mutations were found in 3 independent female patients with infertility, and had experienced 2-3 failed IVF/ICSI attempts due to zygotic developmental arrest. These sites are evolutionarily conserved in primate TUBB8 genes as well as in other human ß-tubulin isotypes, suggesting that they have important biochemical functions. This finding reveals previously unreported phenotypes caused by TUBB8 mutations and will be helpful for future genetic counseling of infertile patients with MPN.

18.
Eur J Med Chem ; : 112922, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069436

RESUMO

Magnolol and honokiol are the two major active ingredients with similar structure and anticancer activity from traditional Chinese medicine Magnolia officinalis, and honokiol is now in a phase I clinical trial (CTR20170822) for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In search of potent lead compounds with better activity, our previous study has demonstrated that magnolol derivative C2, 3-(4-aminopiperidin-1-yl)methyl magnolol, has better activity than honokiol. Here, based on the core of 3-(4-aminopiperidin-1-yl)methyl magnolol, we synthesized fifty-one magnolol derivatives. Among them, compound 30 exhibited the most potent antiproliferative activities on H460, HCC827, H1975 cell lines with the IC50 values of 0.63-0.93 µM, which were approximately 10- and 100-fold more potent than those of C2 and magnolol, respectively. Besides, oral administration of 30 and C2 on an H460 xenograft model also demonstrated that 30 has better activity than C2. Mechanism study revealed that 30 induced G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Moreover, blocking autophagy by the autophagic inhibitor enhanced the anticancer activity of 30in vitro and in vivo, suggesting autophagy played a cytoprotective role on 30-induced cancer cell death. Taken together, our study implied that compound 30 combined with autophagic inhibitor could be another choice for NSCLC treatment in further investigation.

19.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040541

RESUMO

Extensive clinical studies have indicated that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)- tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) can significantly improve the survival rate of patients with EGFRmutation-positive malignancies. However, acquired resistance to the third-generation EGFR-TKI osimertinib is an intractable obstacle for many clinical oncologists. The resistance mechanism of osimertinib is very complicated, and the individual treatment varies greatly. We present the case of a 76-year-old woman with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR L858R mutation, as well as multiple lung metastases and multiple liver metastases. The patient's lung lesions progressed after almost 2 years of treatment with Osimertinib. Due to poor physical condition, she could not tolerate chemotherapy or invasive examination. A next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel of a plasma sample showed missense mutations of KRAS (G12S), MET (D1028Y), AR (S697P), LRP1B (S2662C) with allelic frequencies of 0.6%, 0.5%, 0.2%, 0.2%, respectively), 2 nonsense mutations [ZNF521 (E307*), MET (Q42*), with allelic frequencies of 0.5%, 0.3%, respectively], and a splicing mutation in FAT1 (c.3266-1G>C) with an allelic frequency of 0.5%. After treatment with camrelizumab (200 mg fortnightly) combined with small dose of apatinib (125 mg qd), the patient's lung lesions were successfully overcome with significant reduction and necrosis formation. And the patient's symptoms were significantly relieved and was well tolerated. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the successful treatment of such patients. It indicated a promising treatment option in the clinic to the NSCLC with osimertinib resistance.

20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4917, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004802

RESUMO

Maternal mRNA clearance is an essential process that occurs during maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT). However, the dynamics, functional importance, and pathological relevance of maternal mRNA decay in human preimplantation embryos have not yet been analyzed. Here we report the zygotic genome activation (ZGA)-dependent and -independent maternal mRNA clearance processes during human MZT and demonstrate that subgroups of human maternal transcripts are sequentially removed by maternal (M)- and zygotic (Z)-decay pathways before and after ZGA. Key factors regulating M-decay and Z-decay pathways in mouse have similar expression pattern during human MZT, suggesting that YAP1-TEAD4 transcription activators, TUT4/7-mediated mRNA 3'-oligouridylation, and BTG4/CCR4-NOT-induced mRNA deadenylation may also be involved in the regulation of human maternal mRNA stability. Decreased expression of these factors and abnormal accumulation of maternal transcripts are observed in the development-arrested embryos of patients who seek assisted reproduction. Defects of M-decay and Z-decay are detected with high incidence in embryos that are arrested at the zygote and 8-cell stages, respectively. In addition, M-decay is not found to be affected by maternal TUBB8 mutations, although these mutations cause meiotic cell division defects and zygotic arrest, which indicates that mRNA decay is regulated independent of meiotic spindle assembly. Considering the correlations between maternal mRNA decay defects and early developmental arrest of in vitro fertilized human embryos, M-decay and Z-decay pathway activities may contribute to the developmental potential of human preimplantation embryos.


Assuntos
Blastocisto/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Estabilidade de RNA/fisiologia , RNA Mensageiro Estocado/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Masculino , Meiose/genética , Camundongos , Mutação , Oócitos/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , RNA-Seq , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Zigoto/metabolismo
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