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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904101

RESUMO

Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a valuable technology tool with various uses in transgenic animals, regenerative medicine, and stem cell research. However, the efficiency of SCNT embryos appears to have poor developmental competency. Environmental issues may adversely affect SCNT embryos in buffalo. Thereafter, the present study aimed to explore the effect of season on the maturation of buffalo oocytes and subsequent developmental capability after parthenogenetic activation and SCNT in buffalo. Buffalo oocytes (n = 6353) were collected from local slaughterhouse at various seasons; spring (March-April), summer (May-August), autumn (September-November), and winter (December-January). A significant increase (p < 0.05) was recorded in the maturation rate (57.07%) at autumn compared with spring, summer, and winter (50.46, 50.93, and 50.66%, respectively). No significant differences were recorded in the fusion and the cleavage rates among all seasons. Blastocyst development rate was higher (p < 0.05) in autumn and winter (16.52 ± 8.45% and 15.98 ± 7.17%, respectively) than in spring and summer (9.47 ± 6.71% and 10.84 ± 6.58%, respectively) seasons. It could be concluded that the season had a significant effect on oocyte development competence which can be used for SCNT in buffalo.

2.
Theranostics ; 10(1): 312-322, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903122

RESUMO

High speed imaging is pre-requisite for monitoring of dynamic processes in biological events. Here we report the development of a unique spatial light-modulated stimulated Raman scattering (SLM-SRS) microscopy that tailors the broadband excitation beam with sparse-sampling masks designed for rapid multiplexed vibrational imaging to monitor real-time cancer treatment effects and in vivo transport of drug solvent. Methods: We design an optimal mask pattern that enables selection of predominant windows in SRS spectrum for collective excitation at the highest possible peak power, thus providing an improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) without compromise of chemical specificity. The mask pattern generated is applied to the broad excitation beam using a flexible spatial light modulator. The SLM module further offers complementary function whereby rapid scanning of SRS spectrum can be facilitated prior to the mask generation, thereby making the SLM-SRS system a stand-alone imaging platform. Results: We demonstrate that SLM-SRS microscopy permits rapid multiplexed SRS imaging of polystyrene and polymethyl methacrylate beads in Brownian motion in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 70 ms intervals without motion artiacts. We further apply SLM-SRS to monitor the therapeautic effect of mild alkaline solution on cancer cells, which shows immediate apoptotic response. Finally, we visualize in vivo penetration of DMSO into the plant tissue and evaluate acute toxicity of DMSO on cellulose and proteins within the tissue. Conclusion: We develop novel SLM-SRS microscopy and affirm its broad applicability for rapid monitoring of dynamic biological processes at the subcellular and molecular level.

3.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choline-related nutrients are dietary precursors of a gut microbial metabolite, trimethylamine-N-oxide, which has been linked to cardiometabolic diseases and related death. However, epidemiologic evidence on dietary choline and mortality remains limited, particularly among nonwhite populations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the associations of choline-related nutrients with cardiometabolic and all-cause mortality among black and white Americans and Chinese adults. METHODS: Included were 49,858 blacks, 23,766 whites, and 134,001 Chinese, aged 40-79 y, who participated in 3 prospective cohorts and lived ≥1 y after enrollment. Cox regression models were used to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for cardiometabolic [e.g., ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and diabetes] and all-cause deaths. To account for multiple testing, P values < 0.003 were considered significant. RESULTS: Mean choline intake among blacks, whites, and Chinese was 404.1 mg/d, 362.0 mg/d, and 296.8 mg/d, respectively. During a median follow-up of 11.7 y, 28,673 deaths were identified, including 11,141 cardiometabolic deaths. After comprehensive adjustments, including for overall diet quality and disease history, total choline intake was associated with increased cardiometabolic mortality among blacks and Chinese (HR for highest compared with lowest quintile: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.13, 1.40 and HR: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.38, respectively; both P-trend < 0.001); among whites, the association was weaker (HR: 1.12; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.33; P-trend = 0.02). Total choline intake was also associated with diabetes and all-cause mortality in blacks (HR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.26, 2.19 and HR: 1.20; 95% CI: 1.12, 1.29, respectively), with diabetes mortality in Chinese (HR: 2.24; 95% CI: 1.68, 2.97), and with IHD mortality in whites (HR: 1.31; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.69) (all P-trend < 0.001). The choline-mortality association was modified by alcohol consumption and appeared stronger among individuals with existing cardiometabolic disease. Betaine intake was associated with increased cardiometabolic mortality in Chinese only (HR: 1.16; 95% CI: 1.08, 1.25; P-trend < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: High choline intake was associated with increased cardiometabolic mortality in racially diverse populations.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916739

RESUMO

Recently, deep ultraviolet (DUV) detectors based on gallium oxide(Ga2O3)have a promising application in the industrial and aerospace due to their inherently ultra-wide bandgap (4.5-4.9 eV). Most of them are complicated in the process of being prepared, the lattice mismatch with the substrate and the expensive cost have to be taken into consideration. Faced with such problems, the solution-processible nanodots (NDs) with ultra-small size provide a solution. Here, we propose to use γ-Ga2O3 NDs as the DUV sensitive layer to construct a DUV p-i-n type detector with photovoltaic properties (p-Graphene/γ-Ga2O3 NDs/n-SiC). The device exhibits a high photoresponsivity (5.8 mA/W) and detectivity (7.6×1010 Jones) with a 250 nm source illumination under 0 V bias. Moreover, the DUV/UV injection ratio (R250/R360) reaches 103. These results demonstrates a new way to manufact low-cost, high-performance DUV detectors based on γ-Ga2O3.

5.
Microbiologyopen ; : e983, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902141

RESUMO

Soil microorganisms are considered to be important indicators of soil fertility and soil quality. Most previous studies have focused solely on surface soil, but there were numerous active cells in deeper soil layers. However, studies regarding microbial communities in deeper soil layers were not comprehensive and sufficient. In this study, phylogenetic molecular ecological networks (pMENs) based on the 16S rRNA Miseq sequencing technique were applied to study the response of soil microbial communities to depth gradients and the changes of key genera along 3 meter depth gradients (0-0.2 m, 0.2-0.4 m 0.4-0.6 m, 0.6-0.8 m, 0.8-1.0 m, 1.0-1.3 m, 1.3-1.6 m, 1.6-2.0 m, 2.0-2.5 m, and 2.5-3.0 m). The results showed that the modularity of microbial communities was consistently high in all soil layers and each layer was similar, which indicated that microbial communities were more resistant to depth changes. The pMENs further demonstrated that microbial community interactions were stable as the depth increased and they cooperated well to adapt to changes in different soil gradients. This was evidenced by similar positive links, average degree, and average clustering coefficient. In addition, key genera were obtained by analyzing module hubs in the pMENs. There may be at least one dominant genus in each layer that adapted to and resisted changes in the soil environment. It seems microbial communities demonstrate a stable and strong adaptability to depth gradients in farmland soils.

6.
J Endod ; 46(1): 12-18, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843124

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to evaluate the methodological quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recently published in endodontics and to investigate the influences of methodological characteristics on the magnitude of treatment effects. METHODS: PubMed was searched for RCTs published from October 2013 to October 2018 in 3 leading endodontic journals. The methodological quality of the included studies was determined by using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias (RoB) tool. The estimates of intervention effects were expressed or calculated as odds ratios and the standardized mean difference for binary and continuous outcomes, respectively. Meta-regression analyses and Monte Carlo permutation tests were performed to identify the association between RoB and intervention effect estimates. RESULTS: A total of 121 RCTs were identified as eligible for the current study. For both the studies with binary and continuous outcome measures, the domain of blinding of participants and personnel had the highest percentage of high RoB. For binary outcomes, methodological deficiencies in allocation concealment tended to produce exaggerated treatment effects. For continuous outcomes, risk regarding blinding of participants and personnel and incomplete outcome data were more likely to provide overestimated trial results. CONCLUSIONS: The methodological quality of RCTs within endodontics is suboptimal, and these methodological deficiencies could exaggerate intervention effect estimates in endodontic RCTs. Better trial methodology and more explicit reporting are needed to improve the reliability of evidence in endodontic RCTs.

7.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 17(1): 23-33, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colorectal cancer (CRC) cells secrete inflammatory cytokines that affect CRC progression. The aim of the present study was to determine if micro-RNA-140(miR-140) regulates inflammatory cytokine secretion induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in colorectal cancer cells by targeting tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 6 (TRAF6). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty fresh colon-cancer specimens and normal colorectal tissues were collected from patients with CRC and tested for the expression miR-140. Human CRC cell lines SW480 and HCT116 were treated with various concentrations and times with LPS. miR-140 and mRNA expression of potentially related genes were analyzed by qPCR. Protein expression was analyzed using western blot or ELISA. Overexpression plasmids with pcDNA3.1-TRAF6, pGL4.10-wtTRAF6 and pGL4.10-mutTRAF6 were constructed. miRNA target gene prediction and a dual luciferase assay were used to analyze miR-140-targeted TRAF6. RESULTS: miR-140 expression was up-regulated in CRC tissues. In CRC cells, LPS could increase miR-140 expression in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. LPS increased inflammatory cytokine mRNA expression levels in SW480 and HCT116 human colon-cancer cells. miRNA-140 suppressed TRAF6 expression via targeting the 3'UTR. TRAF6 affected miR-140-mediated inflammatory cytokine expression of SW480 and HCT116 cells under LPS treatment. CONCLUSION: miR-140 regulates inflammatory cytokine secretion of LPS-induced colorectal cancer cells by targeting TRAF6.

8.
Nano Lett ; 20(1): 201-207, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855438

RESUMO

Recent discovery of piezoelectricity that existed in two-dimensional (2D) layered materials represents a key milestone for flexible electronics and miniaturized and wearable devices. However, so far the reported piezoelectricity in these 2D layered materials is too weak to be used for any practical applications. In this work, we discovered that grain boundaries (GBs) in monolayer MoS2 can significantly enhance its piezoelectric property. The output power of piezoelectric devices made of the butterfly-shaped monolayer MoS2 was improved about 50% by the GB-induced piezoelectric effect. The enhanced piezoelectricity is attributed to the additional piezoelectric effect induced by the existence of deformable GBs which can promote polarization and generates spontaneous polarization with different piezoelectric coefficients along various directions. We further made a flexible piezoelectric device based on the 2D MoS2 with the GBs and demonstrated its potential application in self-powered precision sensors for in situ detecting pressure changes in human blood for health monitoring.

9.
Antiviral Res ; 173: 104667, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786250

RESUMO

The mammarenavirus Lassa (LASV) is highly prevalent in West Africa where it infects several hundred thousand individuals annually resulting in a high number of Lassa fever (LF) cases, a febrile disease associated with high morbidity and significant mortality. Mounting evidence indicates that the worldwide-distributed prototypic mammarenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is a neglected human pathogen of clinical significance. There are not Food and Drug Administration (FDA) licensed vaccines and current anti-mammarenavirus therapy is limited to an off-label use of ribavirin that is only partially effective and can cause significant side effects. Therefore, there is an unmet need for novel antiviral drugs to combat LASV. This task would be facilitated by the implementation of high throughput screens (HTS) to identify inhibitors of the activity of the virus ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) responsible for directing virus RNA genome replication and gene transcription. The use of live LASV for this purpose is jeopardized by the requirement of biosafety level 4 (BSL4) containment. We have developed a virus-free cell platform, where expression levels of reporter genes serve as accurate surrogates of vRNP activity, to develop cell-based assays compatible with HTS to identify inhibitors of LASV and LCMV mammarenavirus vRNP activities.

10.
Behav Sleep Med ; 18(1): 1-9, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380915

RESUMO

Objective: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are clinically effective for insomnia, but the research findings have been mixed. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examined the effect of MBIs on insomnia. Method: Both English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases) and Chinese (WanFang and CNKI) databases were systematically and independently searched. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and risk ratio (RR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random effects model. Results: Five RCTs (n = 520) comparing MBIs (n = 279) and control (n = 241) groups were identified and analyzed. Compared to the control group, participants in the MBIs group showed significant improvement in insomnia as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (n = 247; SMD: -1.01, 95% CI: -1.28 to -0.75, I2 = 0%, p < 0.00001) at post-MBIs assessment. Conclusion: In this comprehensive meta-analysis, MBIs appear to be effective in the treatment of insomnia. Further studies to examine the long-term effects of MBIs for insomnia are needed.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies have linked several metabolites to the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) among Western populations, but prospective studies among Asian populations on the metabolite-CHD association remain limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the association of urinary metabolites with CHD risk among Chinese adults in a nested case-control study of 275 incident cases and 275 matched controls (127 pairs of men and 148 pairs of women). Fifty metabolites were measured by a predefined metabolomics panel and adjusted using urinary creatinine. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). After adjusting for traditional CHD risk factors, urinary tryptophan showed a positive association with incident CHD: OR (95% CI) for the highest vs. lowest quartiles was 2.02 (1.15-3.56) among all study participants (p-trend = 0.02). The tryptophan-CHD association was more evident among individuals with dyslipidemia than among those without the condition (OR [95% CI] for the highest vs. lowest quartiles = 3.90 [1.86-8.19] and 0.74 [0.26-2.06], respectively; p-interaction<0.01). Other metabolites did not show significant associations with CHD risk among all study participants. However, a positive association of methionine with CHD risk was observed only among women (OR [95% CI] for the highest vs. lowest quartiles = 2.77 [1.17-6.58]; p-interaction = 0.03), and an inverse association of inosine with CHD risk was observed only among men (OR [95% CI] for the highest vs. lowest quartiles = 0.29 [0.11-0.81]; p-interaction = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Elevated urinary tryptophan may be related to CHD risk among Chinese adults, especially for those with dyslipidemia.

12.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(12): e1917371, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834393

RESUMO

Importance: The association of weight gain from early to middle adulthood with disease risk has not been adequately studied. Objective: To investigate the association of adult weight gain with major health outcomes in a Chinese population with low body weight in early adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study assessed data from 48 377 women and 35 989 men aged 40 to 59 years at recruitment in 2 prospective cohort studies in China. The Shanghai Women's Health Study recruited 74 941 women, aged 40 to 70 years, from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2000, and the Shanghai Men's Health Study recruited 61 482 men, aged 40 to 74 years, from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2006. This analysis was conducted from September 1, 2017, to April 30, 2018. Exposures: Weight gain from 20 years of age to 40 to 59 years of age. Main Outcomes and Measures: Mortality and incidence of cancers and other chronic diseases. Results: This analysis included 48 377 women (mean [SD] age, 47.8 [5.3] years) and 35 989 men (mean [SD] age, 49.6 [5.1] years). Per 5-kg weight gain from early to middle adulthood was associated with an approximately 10% (hazard ratio [HR], 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04-1.14 for men; HR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.11-1.19 for women) elevated all-cause mortality and a greater than 20% (HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.16-1.38 for men; HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.14-1.33 for women) cardiovascular disease-related mortality in later life among individuals who reached a body mass index (BMI) of 23 or higher at middle adulthood. Body mass index at middle adulthood also modified the association of weight gain with risk of obesity-related cancers, with weight gain of 20 kg or more associated with increased risks both for men (HR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.07-1.67) and for women (HR 1.45; 95% CI, 1.24-1.68). No similar associations were found for individuals with a BMI of 18.5 to 22.9. Regardless of BMI, weight gain was associated with elevated risks of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, fatty liver disease, stroke, gout, and gallstones, particularly for type 2 diabetes (HR, 7.87; 95% CI, 6.91-8.97 for women; HR, 4.95; 95% CI, 4.23-5.79 for men) and fatty liver disease (HR, 3.68; 95% CI, 3.42-3.95 for women; HR, 2.83, 95% CI, 2.56-3.13 for men) in individuals with weight gain of 20 kg or more compared with those with a healthy weight. Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that weight gain from early to middle adulthood was associated with disease incidence and mortality in later life. The BMI at middle adulthood modified the association of weight gain with mortality and cancer incidence but not risk of other major chronic diseases.

13.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837001

RESUMO

The missing heritability of breast cancer could be partially attributed to rare variants (MAF < 0.5%). To identify breast cancer-associated rare coding variants, we conducted whole-exome sequencing (~50X) in genomic DNA samples obtained from 831 breast cancer cases and 839 controls of Chinese females. Using burden tests for each gene that included rare missense or predicted deleterious variants, we identified 29 genes showing promising associations with breast cancer risk. We replicated the association for two genes, OGDHL and BRCA2, at a Bonferroni-corrected P < 0.05, by genotyping an independent set of samples from 1,628 breast cancer cases and 1,943 controls. The association for OGDHL was primarily driven by three predicted deleterious variants (p.Val827Met, p.Pro839Leu, p.Phe836Ser; P < 0.01 for all). For BRCA2, we characterized a total of 27 disruptive variants, including 18 nonsense, six frameshift and three splicing variants, whereas they were only detected in cases, but none of the controls. All of these variants were either very rare (AF < 0.1%) or not detected in >4,500 East Asian women from the genome Aggregation database (gnomAD), providing additional support to our findings. Our study revealed a potential novel gene and multiple disruptive variants of BRCA2 for breast cancer risk, which may identify high-risk women in Chinese populations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
J Chem Phys ; 151(22): 224303, 2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837696

RESUMO

We present a combined anion photoelectron spectroscopic and quantum chemical investigation on the structures and bonding properties of CPt2 -/0 and CPt2H-/0. The experimental vertical detachment energies of CPt2 - and CPt2H- are measured to be 1.91 ± 0.08 and 3.54 ± 0.08 eV, respectively. CPt2 - is identified as a C2v symmetric Pt-C-Pt bent structure, and CPt2 has a D∞h symmetric Pt-C-Pt linear structure. Both anionic and neutral CPt2H adopt a Pt-C-Pt-H chain-shaped structure, in which the ∠PtCPt and ∠CPtH bond angles of CPt2H- are larger than those of CPt2H. The Pt-C bonds in CPt2 -/0 and CPt2H-/0 exhibit covalent double bonding characters. The Pt=C bonds are much stronger than the C-H bond that may explain why the C atom CPt2H-/0 prefers to form Pt=C bonds rather than C-H bonds. It may also explain why platinum can insert into the C-H bond to activate the C-H bond as reported in the literature.

15.
Bioinformatics ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830252

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Most proteins perform their biological functions through interactions with other proteins in cells. Amino acid mutations, especially those occurring at protein interfaces, can change the stability of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) and impact their functions, which may cause various human diseases. Quantitative estimation of the binding affinity changes (ΔΔGbind) caused by mutations can provide critical information for protein function annotation and genetic disease diagnoses. RESULTS: We propose SSIPe, which combines protein interface profiles, collected from structural and sequence homology searches, with a physics-based energy function for accurate ΔΔGbind estimation. To offset the statistical limits of the PPI structure and sequence databases, amino acid-specific pseudocounts were introduced to enhance the profile accuracy. SSIPe was evaluated on large-scale experimental data containing 2204 mutations from 177 proteins, where training and test datasets were stringently separated with the sequence identity between proteins from the two datasets below 30%. The Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) between estimated and experimental ΔΔGbind is 0.61 with a root-mean-square-error (RMSE) 1.93 kcal/mol, which was significantly better than the other methods. Detailed data analyses revealed that the major advantage of SSIPe over other traditional approaches lies in the novel combination of the physical energy function with the new knowledge-based interface profile. SSIPe also considerably outperformed a former profile-based method (BindProfX) due to the newly introduced sequence profiles and optimized pseudocount technique that allows for consideration of amino acid-specific prior mutation probabilities. AVAILABILITY: Web-server/standalone program, source code and datasets are freely available at https://zhanglab.ccmb.med.umich.edu/SSIPe and https://github.com/tommyhuangthu/SSIPe. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

16.
Gut ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide an understanding of the role of common genetic variations in colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, we report an updated field synopsis and comprehensive assessment of evidence to catalogue all genetic markers for CRC (CRCgene2). DESIGN: We included 869 publications after parallel literature review and extracted data for 1063 polymorphisms in 303 different genes. Meta-analyses were performed for 308 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 158 different genes with at least three independent studies available for analysis. Scottish, Canadian and Spanish data from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) were incorporated for the meta-analyses of 132 SNPs. To assess and classify the credibility of the associations, we applied the Venice criteria and Bayesian False-Discovery Probability (BFDP). Genetic associations classified as 'positive' and 'less-credible positive' were further validated in three large GWAS consortia conducted in populations of European origin. RESULTS: We initially identified 18 independent variants at 16 loci that were classified as 'positive' polymorphisms for their highly credible associations with CRC risk and 59 variants at 49 loci that were classified as 'less-credible positive' SNPs; 72.2% of the 'positive' SNPs were successfully replicated in three large GWASs and the ones that were not replicated were downgraded to 'less-credible' positive (reducing the 'positive' variants to 14 at 11 loci). For the remaining 231 variants, which were previously reported, our meta-analyses found no evidence to support their associations with CRC risk. CONCLUSION: The CRCgene2 database provides an updated list of genetic variants related to CRC risk by using harmonised methods to assess their credibility.

17.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 616, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783729

RESUMO

Following publication of the original article [1], the author explained that there are several errors in the original article.

18.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(6): 823-831, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784016

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An accurate prediction in the soft tissue changes is of great importance for orthodontic treatment planning. Previous studies on the accuracy of the Dolphin visual treatment objective (VTO) in predicting treatment results were mainly focused on orthognathic treatment. The accuracy of Dolphin VTO prediction for orthodontic treatment is, however, poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Dolphin VTO prediction in soft tissue changes after orthodontic treatment by comparing the changes between predicted and actual values. METHODS: A total of 157 patients were screened for eligibility, and 34 young adult patients (8 males, 26 females; mean age 24.8 ± 3.9 years) were finally included in the study based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The landmarks and parameters of the Holdaway soft tissue analysis were used for the cephalometric analyses. The cephalometric tracings of the actual treatment result and the Dolphin predicted treatment outcome were superimposed to calculate the prediction errors. Paired t test was used to compare the statistical differences between the predicted and actual treatment outcomes of the parameters used in the Holdaway soft tissue analysis. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the predicted and actual values in parameters of the Holdaway soft tissue analysis (P < 0.05). The prediction of the landmarks in the lips region (ie, subnasale, soft tissue A-point, upper lip, lower lip, and soft tissue B-point) was inclined to be overestimated horizontally and underestimated vertically, whereas the prediction of the landmarks belonging to the chin region (ie, soft tissue pogonion, soft tissue gnathion, and soft tissue menton) was inclined to be underestimated horizontally and overestimated vertically. The most accurate prediction was found in the soft tissue A-point, whereas the least accurate one was found in the soft tissue in the chin region. The prediction was relatively more accurate in the vertical direction than in the horizontal direction. CONCLUSIONS: The Dolphin VTO prediction in soft tissue changes after the orthodontic treatment in patients with bimaxillary protrusion is the most accurate for the soft tissue A-point and the least accurate for the soft tissue chin region.

19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 855, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784817

RESUMO

Molybdenum oxide quantum dots (MoOx QDs) were synthesized by a one-pot method and used as a versatile probe in an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) immunoassay of the non-small cell lung cancer biomarker cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 (CYFRA21-1) as a model analyte. The MoOx QDs exhibited stable and strong cathodic green ECL, with an emission peak at 535 nm, in the presence of K2S2O8 within the potential range of -2.0 to 0 V. On exposure to CYFRA21-1, the ECL decreases because of the immunoreaction between CYFRA21-1 and its antibody which generates a barrier for electron transfer. The determination of CYFRA21-1 with favorable analytical performances was successfully realized under the optimal conditions. ECL decreases linearly in the 1 pg mL-1 to 350 ng mL-1 CYFRA21-1 concentration range, and the detection is as low as 0.3 pg mL-1. Excellent recoveries from CYFRA21-1-spiked human serum indicate that the assay can be operated under physiological conditions. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of the fabrication of molybdenum oxide quantum dots (MoOx QDs) and the electrochemiluminescent (ECL) immunoassay based on the use of the MoOx QDs ECL probe for cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 (CYFRA21-1).

20.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 165627, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785407

RESUMO

Macrophages play an important role in aldosterone-induced myocardial fibrosis, in which the first key steps are macrophage recruitment and infiltration. We hypothesized that IL-6 may be a key mediator of aldosterone-induced macrophage recruitment and infiltration. To test this hypothesis, we designed cell studies with a human monocytic cell line THP-1 that with monocyte/macrophage functions to explore the signaling pathway of aldosterone-induced macrophage infiltration, and further investigated the phenomenon and consequent pathway in aldosterone-infused mice studies. The results showed that aldosterone induced the expression of IL-6 via mineralocorticoid receptors, and enhanced THP-1 cell migration and infiltration. Further experiments using a protease array and siRNA revealed that expressions of MMP-1 and MMP-9 were associated with aldosterone-induced macrophage infiltration. In addition, aldosterone-induced MMP-1 and MMP-9 expressions were mediated via cyclooxygenase-II and prostaglandin E2/EP-2 and EP-4 receptors. In aldosterone-infused mice, mRNA expressions of MMP-1, MMP-9 and COX-2 in peripheral blood monocytic cells were significantly increased. Moreover, the number of mouse macrophage-restricted F4/80 protein-positive cells in the myocardium was significantly higher in the aldosterone-infused mice compared with control mice. The increase in F4/80-positive cells in the myocardium was suppressed in the aldosterone-infused mice with the aldosterone antagonist eplerenone or anti-IL-6 antibody treatment. In conclusion, interleukin-6 played an important role in aldosterone-induced macrophage recruitment and infiltration in the myocardium.

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