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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2845, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565859

RESUMO

Near-infrared-I/II fluorescent proteins (NIR-I/II FPs) are crucial for in vivo imaging, yet the current NIR-I/II FPs face challenges including scarcity, the requirement for chromophore maturation, and limited emission wavelengths (typically < 800 nm). Here, we utilize synthetic protein-seeking NIR-II dyes as chromophores, which covalently bind to tag proteins (e.g., human serum albumin, HSA) through a site-specific nucleophilic substitution reaction, thereby creating proof-of-concept biomimetic NIR-II FPs. This chemogenic protein-seeking strategy can be accomplished under gentle physiological conditions without catalysis. Proteomics analysis identifies specific binding site (Cys 477 on DIII). NIR-II FPs significantly enhance chromophore brightness and photostability, while improving biocompatibility, allowing for high-performance NIR-II lymphography and angiography. This strategy is universal and applicable in creating a wide range of spectrally separated NIR-I/II FPs for real-time visualization of multiple biological events. Overall, this straightforward biomimetic approach holds the potential to transform fluorescent protein-based bioimaging and enables in-situ albumin targeting to create NIR-I/II FPs for deep-tissue imaging in live organisms.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Corantes , Humanos , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes , Imagem Óptica/métodos
2.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240921, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584848

RESUMO

The limitations of conventional urine culture methods can be avoided by using culture-independent approaches like polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and next-generation sequencing (NGS). However, the efficacy of these approaches in this setting is still subject to contention. PRISMA-compliant searches were performed on MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Sciences, and the Cochrane Database until March 2023. The included articles compared PCR or NGS to conventional urine culture for the detection of urinary tract infections (UTIs). RevMan performed meta-analysis, and the Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool assessed study quality. A total of 10 selected studies that involved 1,291 individuals were included in this meta-analysis. The study found that PCR has a 99% sensitivity and a 94% specificity for diagnosing UTIs. Furthermore, NGS was shown to have a sensitivity of 90% for identifying UTIs and a specificity of 86%. The odds ratio (OR) for PCR to detect Gram-positive bacteria is 0.50 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.41-0.61), while the OR for NGS to detect Gram-negative bacteria is 0.23 [95% CI 0.09-0.59]. UTIs are typically caused by Gram-negative bacteria like Escherichia coli and Gram-positive bacteria like Staphylococci and Streptococci. PCR and NGS are reliable, culture-free molecular diagnostic methods that, despite being expensive, are essential for UTI diagnosis and prevention due to their high sensitivity and specificity.

3.
Sci Adv ; 10(12): eadi8594, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507486

RESUMO

Marine cloud brightening (MCB) is the deliberate injection of aerosol particles into shallow marine clouds to increase their reflection of solar radiation and reduce the amount of energy absorbed by the climate system. From the physical science perspective, the consensus of a broad international group of scientists is that the viability of MCB will ultimately depend on whether observations and models can robustly assess the scale-up of local-to-global brightening in today's climate and identify strategies that will ensure an equitable geographical distribution of the benefits and risks associated with projected regional changes in temperature and precipitation. To address the physical science knowledge gaps required to assess the societal implications of MCB, we propose a substantial and targeted program of research-field and laboratory experiments, monitoring, and numerical modeling across a range of scales.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111778, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of action of fatty acid receptors, FFAR1 and FFAR4, on ulcerative colitis (UC) through fatty acid metabolism and macrophage polarization. METHODS: Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mouse model of UC mice was used to evaluate the efficacy of FFAR1 (GW9508) and FFAR4 (GSK137647) agonists by analyzing body weight, colon length, disease activity index (DAI), and histological scores. Real-time PCR and immunofluorescence analysis were performed to quantify the levels of fatty acid metabolizing enzymes and macrophage makers. FFA-induced lipid accumulation in RAW264.7 cells was visualized by Oil Red O staining analysis, and cells were collected to detect macrophage polarization by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The combination of GW9508 and GSK137647 significantly improved DSS-induced UC symptoms, caused recovery in colon length, and decreased histological injury. GW9508 + GSK137647 treatment upregulated the expressions of CD206, lipid oxidation enzyme (CPT-1α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10, IL-13) but downregulated those of CD86, lipogenic enzymes (ACC1, FASN, SCD1), and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α). Combining the two agonists decreased FFA-induced lipid accumulation and increased CD206 expression in cell-based experiments. CONCLUSION: Activated FFAR1 and FFAR4 ameliorates DSS-induced UC by promoting fatty acid metabolism to reduce lipid accumulation and mediate M2 macrophage polarization.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados , Macrófagos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Animais , Camundongos , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Metilaminas/farmacologia , Metilaminas/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Propionatos/farmacologia , Propionatos/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/agonistas
5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(11): 9074, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439689

RESUMO

Correction for 'Ionic migration induced loss analysis of perovskite solar cells: a poling study' by Xue Zheng et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2022, 24, 7805-7814, https://doi.org/10.1039/D1CP05450C.

6.
J Thorac Dis ; 16(1): 356-367, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410603

RESUMO

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide, and therefore the identification of the modifiable risk factors [such as exposure to vapors, gases, dust and fumes (VGDF)] for accelerate disease progression has important significance. Methods: We conducted COPD surveillance in six cities of southern China between 2014 and 2019. We recorded the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis, respiratory symptoms, occupational exposure to VGDF and other covariates by using a structured questionnaire. Logistic regression and multivariate linear regression model were adopted for analysis. We performed sensitivity analyses based on two methods of propensity score (PS) methods to evaluate the robustness of our results. Results: A total of 7,418 participants were included. Cough [odds ratios (ORs): 1.60, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22 to 2.08] and phlegm (OR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.19 to 1.85) correlated significantly with exposure to dust. There was an increased risk of cough (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.07) for occupational exposure to gas/vapor/fume. Dual exposure to dust and gas/vapor/fume was associated with a significantly increased risk of chronic bronchitis (OR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.20 to 2.52), cough (OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.15 to 1.79) and phlegm (OR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.24 to 1.79). In 5,249 participants with complete data of spirometry, gas/vapor/fume was associated with a decreased ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second and forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) (ß: -1.05, 95% CI: -1.85 to -0.26) and maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF) (ß: -0.15, 95% CI: -0.23 to -0.07). Dual exposure to dust and gas/vapor/fume was significantly associated with decreased FEV1/FVC (ß: -0.74, 95% CI: -1.28 to -0.20) and MMEF (ß: -0.06, 95% CI: -0.12 to -0.01). Results of sensitivity analysis were not materially changed. Conclusions: VGDF exposure is associated with chronic bronchitis, respiratory symptoms and decreased lung function, suggesting that VGDF contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of COPD.

7.
ACS Sens ; 9(3): 1339-1348, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382082

RESUMO

Accurately determining the metastatic status of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) through noninvasive imaging with high imaging resolution and sensitivity is crucial for cancer therapy. Herein, we report a dual-tracer-based NIR-II ratiometric fluorescence nanoplatform combining targeted and nontargeted moieties to determine the metastatic status of SLNs through the recording of ratio signals. Ratiometric fluorescence imaging revealed approximately 2-fold increases in signals in tumor-draining SLNs compared to inflamed and normal SLNs. Additionally, inflamed SLNs were diagnosed by combining the ratio value with the enlarged size outputted by NIR-II fluorescence imaging. The metastatic status diagnostic results obtained through NIR-II ratiometric fluorescence signals were further confirmed by standard H&E staining, indicating that the ratiometric fluorescence strategy could achieve distant metastases detection. Furthermore, the superior imaging quality of ratiometric probes enables visualization of the detailed change in the lymphatic network accompanying tumor growth. Compared to clinically available and state-of-the-art NIR contrast agents, our dual-tracer-based NIR-II ratiometric fluorescence probes provide significantly improved performance, allowing for the quick assessment of lymphatic function and guiding the removal of tumor-infiltrating SLNs during cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Linfonodo Sentinela , Humanos , Linfonodo Sentinela/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Corantes Fluorescentes , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Verde de Indocianina , Imagem Óptica
8.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(1): 59-66, 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), a condition with rapid onset, critical condition and unsatisfactory prognosis, poses a certain threat to human health, warranting optimization of relevant treatment plans to improve treatment efficacy. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of computerized tomography-guided therapeutic percutaneous puncture catheter drainage (CT-TPPCD) combined with somatostatin (SS) in the treatment of SAP. METHODS: Forty-two SAP patients admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from June 2020 to June 2023 were selected. On the basis of routine treatment, 20 patients received SS therapy (control group) and 22 patients were given CT-TPPCD plus SS intervention (research group). The efficacy, safety (pancreatic fistula, intra-abdominal hemorrhage, sepsis, and organ dysfunction syndrome), abdominal bloating and pain relief time, bowel recovery time, hospital stay, inflammatory indicators (C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and procalcitonin), and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score of both groups were evaluated for comparison. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the research group had a markedly higher total effective rate, faster abdominal bloating and pain relief and bowel recovery, shorter hospital length of stay, fewer complications, and lower posttreatment inflammatory indices and APACHE-II scores. CONCLUSION: CT-TPPCD in combination with SS is effective for SAP patients, which can reduce complications, accelerate symptom resolution, inhibit inflammation, and improve patient condition, with promising prospects for clinical promotion.

9.
Pharm Biol ; 62(1): 162-169, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327157

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Jian Gan powder (JGP) is a Chinese medicine compound comprised ginseng, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Radix Astragali, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Yujin, Rhizoma Cyperi, Fructus aurantii, Sophora flavescens, Yinchen, Bupleurum and licorice. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the inhibitory effects, polarization and potential mechanisms associated with JGP in macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were randomly divided into six groups for 24 h: control, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), overexpression, 1% JGP, 2% JGP, 4% JGP, 8% JGP and 16% JGP. The effects of JGP on RAW264.7 cell proliferation were assessed using colony formation assays and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays. The Transwell assay was used to evaluate its impact on RAW264.7 cell migration. Moreover, we analysed the interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of the transcription 3 (IL-6/STAT3) signaling pathway using quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. Furthermore, we examined the M1/M2 polarization levels. RESULTS: Unlike LPS stimulation, JGP serum treatment markedly suppressed macrophage proliferation and migration capacity, while STAT3 overexpression enhanced RAW264.7 cell proliferation and migration. JGP inhibited the proliferation and migration of RAW264.7 cells by attenuating the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway. Furthermore, it inhibited macrophage M1 polarization, promoting M2 polarization. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: JGP effectively suppressed the cellular function of RAW264.7 cells by down-regulating the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway and modulating macrophage M1/M2 polarization. These findings provide valuable theoretical and experimental basis for considering the potential clinical application of JGP in the treatment of immune-mediated liver injury in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Pós/metabolismo , Pós/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Proliferação de Células
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 917: 170605, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307290

RESUMO

Fish are an important source of human dietary exposure to polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs). The occurrence and sources of PCNs in different species of freshwater fish are unknown, and few studies have assessed human exposure risks to PCNs through freshwater fish. In this study, 140 freshwater fish samples from 10 species were collected from Beijing markets, China. The Σ75CNs concentration range in the fish was 20.7-1310 pg/g wet weight (ww). The highest median Σ75PCNs concentration (80.4 pg/g ww) was found in mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi), and the lowest (29.6 pg/g ww) in snakehead (Channa argus). Di- and tri-CNs were the dominant PCN homologues with contributions of 35.3 % and 30.8 %, respectively. Unintentionally produced PCNs from metal smelting might be the source of PCN contamination in freshwater fish. The cooking temperature and time did not significantly affect the PCN concentrations in fish or the PCN homologue profiles. The highest toxic equivalent (TEQ) value was observed in sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis), followed by mandarin fish. Hexa-CNs were the most abundant homologue for the PCN TEQs. A risk assessment indicated that the dietary exposure risks for local residents to PCNs through freshwater fish were low. However, the relatively high concentrations of PCNs in the samples deserve attention to avoid PCNs exposure risks for groups with high fish consumption rates. Furthermore, freshwater fish likely contain a mixture of contaminants including dioxin and furans which also display a similar mode of toxicity as the PCNs and could enhance the risk to fish consumers.


Assuntos
Naftalenos , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Animais , Humanos , Pequim , Naftalenos/análise , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise , Água Doce , Medição de Risco , Monitoramento Ambiental
11.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1329782, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312394

RESUMO

Introduction: This study explores the complex dynamics among gratitude, job crafting, teacher psychological well-being, and teacher-student relationships within the context of Chinese English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers. Methods: A sample of 456 Chinese EFL teachers participated in this study. Valid scales were administered to collect data on gratitude, job crafting, teacher psychological well-being, and teacher-student relationships. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed to investigate these relationships. Results: The findings reveal significant connections between gratitude, job crafting, teacher psychological well-being, and teacher-student relationships. SEM analysis demonstrates that gratitude and job crafting have direct effects on teacher psychological well-being. Furthermore, teacher-student relationships were identified as a mediator in these relationships. Discussion: This study underscores the importance of gratitude and job crafting in enhancing the psychological well-being of EFL teachers. It highlights the mediating role of positive teacher-student relationships in the associations between gratitude, job crafting, and teacher psychological well-being. These results have implications for the development of interventions and practices aimed at promoting gratitude, job crafting, and positive teacher-student relationships in the EFL teaching context.

12.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(2): e1190, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main subtypes of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs)-polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM)-are often presented as interstitial lung disease (ILD) in clinical practice; therefore, many researchers have combined the three studies into PM/DM with ILD. METHODS: Using bibliometrics, the research status, progress, and hotspots of PM/DM with ILD between 2000 and 2022 were studied. Literature data on PM/DM with ILD were retrieved from the Web of Science (WoS) database for the research period. Visualization software, including VOSviewer, Pajek, CiteSpace, and Scimago Graphica were used for bibliometric analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1555 relevant articles were obtained, and the overall research in this field showed an increasing trend. Regarding contributing countries and venues, Japan published the most articles while Rheumatology was the most prolific journal. Regarding authors, the most published article was by Wang Guochun from Changchun University of Technology in China. Keyword analysis and cocited literature cluster analysis showed that diagnosis, classification, autoantibodies, antibodies, prognosis, complications, and treatment of PM/DM with ILD have been hot topics in this field recently. Moreover, our study shows that anti-mda5 antibody, mortality, gene 5 antibody, IIMs, double-blind, and prognostic factors, among others, may be new hot topics. CONCLUSION: This study found that research on PM/DM with ILD has increased over time, and scholars are paying more attention to this field. The development of new drugs for the management, treatment, and prevention of PM/DM with ILD is the primary task of researchers and a direction for future research in this field.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Polimiosite , Humanos , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Polimiosite/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
J Invest Surg ; 37(1): 2301081, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38224012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gene mutations in tumor cells can lead to several unique metabolic phenotypes, which are crucial for the proliferation of cancer cells. EGFR mutation (EGFR-mt) is the main oncogenic driving mutation in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). HIF-1 α and PKM2 are two key metabolic regulatory proteins that can form a feedback loop and promote cancer growth by promoting glycolysis. Here, the linkage between EGFR mutational status and HIF-1α/PKM2 feedback loop in LUAD were evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective study were performed on LUAD patients (n = 89) undergoing first-time therapeutic surgical resection. EGFR mutation was analyzed by real-time PCR. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the expressions of HIF-1α and PKM2. RESULTS: We found that the protein expressions of HIF-1α and PKM2 were significantly higher in LUAD than normal lung tissues. In adenocarcinomas, the two protein expressions were both correlated with worse pTNM stage. Moreover, the correlation between the proteins of HIF-1α/PKM2 feedback loop and the EGFR mutational status were also analyzed. We found that EGFR-mt tumors showed higher HIF-1α and PKM2 proteins compared to tumors with EGFR wild-type. Meanwhile, HIF-1α expression was significantly correlated with higher pTNM stage, and PKM2 showed a similar trend, only in EGFR-mutated tumors. The expression of HIF-1α was positively correlated with PKM2 in LUAD, furthermore, this correlation was mainly in patients with EGFR-mt. CONCLUSION: Different expression and clinical features of HIF-1α/PKM2 feedback loop was existed between LUAD and normal lung tissues, especially in EGFR mutational tumors, supporting the relationship between EGFR mutation and the key related proteins of aerobic glycolysis (HIF-1α and PKM2) in lung adenocarcinomas.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Piruvato Quinase , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Retroalimentação , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Piruvato Quinase/genética
14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 256(Pt 2): 128505, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38040147

RESUMO

Developing wound dressings with solid adhesive properties that enable efficient, painless hemostasis and prevent wound infection remain a huge challenge. Herein, the tris(hydroxymethyl) methyl glycine-modified chitosan derivative (CTMG) was prepared and freeze-dried after simply adjusting the concentration of CTMG to obtain the chitosan-based gel sponge with desired multi-hollow structure, special antibacterial and biocompatibility. The adhesion strength on porcine skin was impressive up to 113 KPa, much higher than fibrin glue. It can withstand the pressure that far exceeds blood pressure. CTMG exhibits bacteriostatic abilities as demonstrated in a bacteriostatic assay, and alongside biocompatibility, as shown in cytotoxicity and hemolytic assays. Moreover, CTMG gel sponge showed hemostatic properties in both in vivo and in vitro hemostasis experiments. During an experiment on liver hemorrhage in rats, CTMG gel sponge proved to be more effective in controlling bleeding than other hemostatic sponges available on the market, indicating its promising hemostatic properties. CTMG gel sponge possesses the potential to function as a wound dressing and hemostatic material, making it suitable for various clinical applications.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Hemostáticos , Suínos , Ratos , Animais , Quitosana/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Hemostasia , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Hemostáticos/química , Bandagens , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
15.
Fitoterapia ; 172: 105766, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38056697

RESUMO

The phytoconstituents of the whole plants of Chloranthus holostegius were investigated. As a result, thirteen undescribed sesquiterpenes (chloranholosins A-M, 1-13), including ten acorane-type sesquiterpenes (1-10), one germacrene-type sesquiterpene (11), and two lindenane-type sesquiterpenes (12-13), together with fifteen known sesquiterpenes were isolated. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated by a comprehensive method including the spectroscopic data, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Chloranholosin L (12) was elucidated as a rare lindenane-type sesquiterpene featuring 14α-Me and 5-OH moieties. And chloranholosin M (13) was the first lindenane-type sesquiterpene possessing ß-cyclopropane, 14α-Me, and 5ß-H configuration from the family Chloranthaceae. Furthermore, twelve new isolates and some known sesquiterpenes were evaluated for their inhibitory activity against LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Among them, compounds 12, 16, and 23 showed comparable inhibitory activity to that of the positive control, with IC50 values of 47.9, 41.5, and 48.3 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Magnoliopsida , Sesquiterpenos , Estrutura Molecular , Magnoliopsida/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Dicroísmo Circular
16.
Eur Radiol ; 34(1): 226-235, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37552260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the early prevalence of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) and anthracycline-induced liver injury (AILI) using T2 and T2* mapping and to explore their correlations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 17 cardiotoxic rabbits that received weekly injections of doxorubicin and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) every 2 weeks for 10 weeks. Cardiac function and T2 and T2* values were measured on each period. Histopathological examinations for two to five rabbits were performed after each MRI scan. The earliest sensitive time and the threshold of MRI parameters for detecting AIC and AILI based on these MRI parameters were obtained. Moreover, the relationship between myocardial and liver damage was assessed. RESULTS: Early AIC could be detected by T2 mapping as early as the second week and focused on the 7th, 11th, and 12th segments of left ventricle. The cutoff value of 46.64 for the 7th segment had the best diagnostic value, with an area under the curve (of 0.767, sensitivity of 100%, and specificity of 52%. T2* mapping could detect the change in iron content for early AIC at the middle interventricular septum and AILI as early as the sixth week (p = 0.014, p = 0.027). The T2* values of the middle interventricular septum showed a significant positive association with the T2* values of the liver (r = 0.39, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: T2 and T2* mapping showed value one-stop assessment of AIC and AILI and could obtain the earliest MRI diagnosis point and optimal parameter thresholds for these conditions. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity could be detected by T2 mapping as earlier as the second week, mainly focusing on the 7th, 11th, and 12th segments of left ventricle. Combined with T2* mapping, hepatoxicity and supplementary cardiotoxicity were assessed by one-stop scan. KEY POINTS: • MRI screening time of cardiotoxicity was as early as the second week with focusing on T2 values of the 7th, 11th, and 12th segments of left ventricle. • T2* mapping could be used as a complement to T2 mapping to evaluate cardiotoxicity and as an effective index to detect iron change in the early stages of chemotherapy. • The T2* values of the middle interventricular septum showed a significant positive association with the T2* values of the liver, indicating that iron content in the liver and heart increased with an increase in the chemotherapeutic drugs.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos , Cardiotoxicidade , Doxorrubicina , Animais , Coelhos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiotoxicidade/tratamento farmacológico , Ferro , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico
18.
Adv Mater ; 36(14): e2311515, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38153348

RESUMO

Real-time vascular positioning, postoperative flap monitoring, and vascular reconstruction assessment are of great importance in flap transplantation. Cyanine dyes offer the advantage of high resolution in the Near-infrared-II (NIR-II) imaging window. However, the nonspecific binding of many cyanine dyes to endogenous albumin leads to high organ accumulation and skin absorption, resulting in low-quality imaging and poor reproducibility of contrast during long-term (e.g., 7 days) postoperative monitoring. Here, a novel strategy is proposed that can be widely applied to prevent protein binding for NIR-I/II Cl-containing cyanine dyes. This strategy produces protein-escaping dyes, ensuring high fluorescence enhancement in the blood with rapid clearance and no residual fluorescence, allowing for short-term repeatable injections for vascular imaging. This strategy in the perioperative monitoring of pedicle perforator flap models in mice and rats is successfully applied. Furthermore, leveraging the universality of this strategy, multiple nonoverlapping protein-escaping probes that achieve dual-excitation (808 and 1064 nm) interference-free imaging of nerve-vessel and tumor-vessel simultaneously are designed and synthesized. These protein-escaping dyes enable long-term repeatable dual-color imaging of tumor localization, resection, and tumor-vessel reconstruction at the wound site.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Neoplasias , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Albuminas
19.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 24(1): 2278229, 2023 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37962843

RESUMO

With the success of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), such as anti- programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody for solid tumors and lymphoma immunotherapy, a number of clinical trials with ICIs have been attempted for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) immunotherapy; however, limited clinical efficacy has been reported. This may be due to the heterogeneity of immune microenvironments and various degrees of T cell exhaustion in patients and may be involved in the IFN-γ pathway. In this study, we first characterized the percentage of PD-1+ and T cell immunoglobulin mucin-domain-containing-3 (Tim-3) +IFN-γ+ T cells in peripheral blood (PB) in AML compared with healthy individuals (HIs) by flow cytometry and further discussed the possibility of the reversal of T cell exhaustion to restore the secretion capacity of cytokines in T cells in AML based on blockade of PD-1 or Tim-3 (anti-PD-1 and anti-Tim-3 antibody) in vitro using a cytokine protein chip. A significantly increased percentage of PD-1+, Tim-3+, and PD-1+Tim-3+ IFN-γ+ T cells was observed in PB from patients with AML in comparison with HIs. Moreover, higher PD-1+IFN-γ+CD3+/CD8+ T cell levels were associated with poor overall survival in AML patients. Regarding leukemia cells, the percentage of Tim-3 in CD117+CD34+ AML cells was positively correlated with PD-1 in IFN-γ+CD4+ T cells. Furthermore, blocking PD-1 and Tim-3 may involve multiple cytokines and helper T cell subsets, mainly Th1 and Treg cells. Blockade of PD-1 or Tim-3 tends to restore cytokine secretion to a certain extent, a synergistic effect shown by the co-blockade of PD-1 and Tim-3. However, we also demonstrated the heterogeneity of secretory cytokines in ICI-treated T cells in AML patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Humanos , Citocinas , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Interferon gama , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 403, 2023 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37919717

RESUMO

Surgical resection is an effective treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, whereas occult metastases hinder the curative effect. Currently, there is no effective method to achieve intraoperatively diagnosis of tumor-positive lymph nodes (LNs). Herein, we adopt a near-infrared-II (NIR-II) organic donor-pi-acceptor-pi-donor probe FE-2PEG, which exhibits bright fluorescence over 1100 nm, excellent photostability, blood circulation time, and biocompatibility, to achieve high-performance bioimaging with improved temporal and spatial resolution. Importantly, the FE-2PEG shows efficient passive enrichment in orthotopic CRC, metastatic mesenteric LNs, and peritoneal metastases by enhanced permeability and retention effect. Under NIR-II fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS), the peritoneal micrometastases were resected with a sensitivity of 94.51%, specificity of 86.59%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 96.57%, and negative predictive value of 79.78%. The PPV still achieves 96.07% even for micrometastases less than 3 mm. Pathological staining and NIR-II microscopy imaging proved that FE-2PEG could successfully delineate the boundary between the tumor and normal tissues. Dual-color NIR-II imaging strategy with FE-2PEG (1100 ~ 1300 nm) and PbS@CdS quantum dots (> 1500 nm) successfully protects both blood supply and normal tissues during surgery. The NIR-II-based FGS provides a promising prospect for precise intraoperative diagnosis and minimally invasive surgery of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Pontos Quânticos , Humanos , Micrometástase de Neoplasia/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Fluorescência , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes
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