Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(5): 485-498, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is associated with high mortality rates. Bile acids (BAs) reflux is a well-known risk factor for GC, but the specific mechanism remains unclear. During GC development in both humans and animals, BAs serve as signaling molecules that induce metabolic reprogramming. This confers additional cancer phenotypes, including ferroptosis sensitivity. Ferroptosis is a novel mode of cell death characterized by lipid peroxidation that contributes universally to malignant progression. However, it is not fully defined if BAs can influence GC progression by modulating ferroptosis. AIM: To reveal the mechanism of BAs regulation in ferroptosis of GC cells. METHODS: In this study, we treated GC cells with various stimuli and evaluated the effect of BAs on the sensitivity to ferroptosis. We used gain and loss of function assays to examine the impacts of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) overexpression and knockdown to obtain further insights into the molecular mechanism involved. RESULTS: Our data suggested that BAs could reverse erastin-induced ferroptosis in GC cells. This effect correlated with increased glutathione (GSH) concentrations, a reduced GSH to oxidized GSH ratio, and higher GSH peroxidase 4 (GPX4) expression levels. Subsequently, we confirmed that BAs exerted these effects by activating FXR, which markedly increased the expression of GSH synthetase and GPX4. Notably, BACH1 was detected as an essential intermediate molecule in the promotion of GSH synthesis by BAs and FXR. Finally, our results suggested that FXR could significantly promote GC cell proliferation, which may be closely related to its anti-ferroptosis effect. CONCLUSION: This study revealed for the first time that BAs could inhibit ferroptosis sensitivity through the FXR-BACH1-GSH-GPX4 axis in GC cells. This work provided new insights into the mechanism associated with BA-mediated promotion of GC and may help identify potential therapeutic targets for GC patients with BAs reflux.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias Gástricas , Animais , Humanos , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Transdução de Sinais
2.
World J Diabetes ; 12(4): 453-465, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) can induce prominent remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the long-term remission rate of diabetes usually decreases over time. Oligofructose has been verified to modulate host metabolism. The aim of this study was to explore the protective effect of oligofructose on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic dysfunction after SG. AIM: To study the effect and mechanism of oligofructose on diabetic remission in diabetic rats after SG. METHODS: SG and SHAM operation were performed on diabetes rats induced with an HFD, nicotinamide, and low-dose streptozotocin. Then the rats in the SHAM and SG groups were continuously provided with the HFD, and the rats in sleeve gastrectomy-oligofructose group were provided with a specific HFD containing 10% oligofructose. Body weight, calorie intake, oral glucose tolerance test, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, lipid profile, serum insulin, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), total bile acids, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and colonic microbiota levels were determined and compared at the designated time points. All statistical analyses were performed using Statistic Package for Social Science version 19.0 (IBM, United States), and the statistically significant difference was considered at P < 0.05. RESULTS: At 2 wk after surgery, rats that underwent SG exhibited improved indexes of glucose and lipid metabolism. Compared with the SG group, the rats from SG-oligofructose group exhibited better parameters of glucose and lipid metabolism, lower body weight (526.86 ± 21.51 vs 469.25 ± 21.84, P < 0.001), calorie intake (152.14 ± 9.48 vs 129.63 ± 8.99, P < 0.001), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (4.32 ± 0.57 vs 3.46 ± 0.52, P < 0.05), and LPS levels (0.19 ± 0.01 vs 0.16 ± 0.01, P < 0.05), and higher levels of insulin (1.17 ± 0.17 vs 1.58 ± 0.16, P < 0.001) and GLP-1 (12.39 ± 1.67 vs 14.94 ± 1.86, P < 0.001), and relative abundances of Bifidobacterium (0.0034 ± 0.0014 vs 0.0343 ± 0.0064, P < 0.001), Lactobacillus (0.0161 ± 0.0037 vs 0.0357 ± 0.0047, P < 0.001), and Akkermansia muciniphila (0.0050 ± 0.0024 vs 0.0507 ± 0.0100, P < 0.001) at the end of the study. However, no difference in total bile acids levels was observed between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Oligofructose partially prevents HFD-induced glucose and lipid metabolism damage after SG, which may be due to the changes of calorie intake, insulin, GLP-1, LPS, and the gut microbiota in rats.

3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(20): 2599-2617, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence has implied that obesity is an independent risk factor for developing cancer. Being closely related to obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus provides a suitable environment for the formation and metastasis of tumors through multiple pathways. Although bariatric surgeries are effective in preventing and lowering the risk of various types of cancer, the underlying mechanisms of this effect are not clearly elucidated. AIM: To uncover the role and effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in preventing lung cancer in obese and diabetic rats. METHODS: SG was performed on obese and diabetic Wistar rats, and the postoperative transcriptional and translational alterations of the endothelin-1 (ET-1) axis in the lungs were compared to sham-operated obese and diabetic rats and age-matched healthy controls to assess the improvements in endothelial function and risk of developing lung cancer at the postoperative 4th, 8th, and 12th weeks. The risk was also evaluated using nuclear phosphorylation of H2A histone family member X as a marker of DNA damage (double-strand break). RESULTS: Compared to obese and diabetic sham-operated rats, SG brought a significant reduction to body weight, food intake, and fasting blood glucose while improving oral glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. In addition, ameliorated levels of gene and protein expression in the ET-1 axis as well as reduced DNA damage indicated improved endothelial function and a lower risk of developing lung cancer after the surgery. CONCLUSION: Apart from eliminating metabolic disorders, SG improves endothelial function and plays a protective role in preventing lung cancer via normalized ET-1 axis and reduced DNA damage.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/prevenção & controle , Obesidade/cirurgia , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/metabolismo , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Endotélio/patologia , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Ratos , Estreptozocina/administração & dosagem , Estreptozocina/toxicidade , Redução de Peso
4.
J. physiol. biochem ; 74(3): 431-439, ago. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-178997

RESUMO

Ameliorated renal function has been reported after bariatric surgery, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not well-studied. To investigate whether the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MALAT1 mediates the amelioration of diabetic nephropathy after duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) surgery, rats were assigned randomly into four groups: diabetic (DM) group, DM with DJB surgery group, DM with sham surgery group, and healthy control group. Food intake, body weight, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), urine albumin excretion rate (UAER), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured and histological examination of renal sections was performed. For in vitro study, HK-2 cells were cultured under various glucose concentrations following MALAT1 siRNA transfection. Expression levels of MALAT1, SAA3, IL-6, and TNF-α in rat renal tissues or HK-2 cell lines were evaluated by qRT-PCR and/or ELISA. Results showed DJB surgery improved the renal function of diabetic rats, as indicated by ameliorated UAER and GFR and attenuated glomerular hypertrophy. Expression of MALAT1 and its downstream target SAA3 was significantly downregulated in renal tissues after DJB, which in turn decreased the expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α. Knockdown of MALAT1 in HK-2 cell lines further confirmed that expression levels of SAA3, IL-6, and TNF-alfa were regulated by MALAT1 under both low- and high-glucose conditions. Our findings suggest that MALAT1 is implicated in the improvement of renal function after DJB through regulation of its downstream targets SAA3, IL-6, and TNF-alfa


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Nefropatias Diabéticas/prevenção & controle , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Rim/metabolismo , Obesidade/cirurgia , Insuficiência Renal/prevenção & controle , Albuminúria/etiologia , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Interleucina-6 , Túbulos Renais Proximais/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica
5.
J Physiol Biochem ; 74(3): 431-439, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29781038

RESUMO

Ameliorated renal function has been reported after bariatric surgery, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not well-studied. To investigate whether the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MALAT1 mediates the amelioration of diabetic nephropathy after duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) surgery, rats were assigned randomly into four groups: diabetic (DM) group, DM with DJB surgery group, DM with sham surgery group, and healthy control group. Food intake, body weight, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), urine albumin excretion rate (UAER), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured and histological examination of renal sections was performed. For in vitro study, HK-2 cells were cultured under various glucose concentrations following MALAT1 siRNA transfection. Expression levels of MALAT1, SAA3, IL-6, and TNF-α in rat renal tissues or HK-2 cell lines were evaluated by qRT-PCR and/or ELISA. Results showed DJB surgery improved the renal function of diabetic rats, as indicated by ameliorated UAER and GFR and attenuated glomerular hypertrophy. Expression of MALAT1 and its downstream target SAA3 was significantly downregulated in renal tissues after DJB, which in turn decreased the expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α. Knockdown of MALAT1 in HK-2 cell lines further confirmed that expression levels of SAA3, IL-6, and TNF-α were regulated by MALAT1 under both low- and high-glucose conditions. Our findings suggest that MALAT1 is implicated in the improvement of renal function after DJB through regulation of its downstream targets SAA3, IL-6, and TNF-α.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas/prevenção & controle , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Rim/metabolismo , Obesidade/cirurgia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal/prevenção & controle , Albuminúria/etiologia , Albuminúria/prevenção & controle , Animais , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/urina , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/citologia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/patologia , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Insuficiência Renal/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal/fisiopatologia , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica/genética , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
6.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ; 314(5): G537-G546, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351394

RESUMO

Bile acids (BAs), which are synthesized in the liver and cycled in the enterohepatic circulation, have been recognized as signaling molecules by activating their receptors in the intestine and liver. Serum taurine-conjugated BAs have been shown to be elevated after bariatric surgeries although the postoperative BA profiles within the enterohepatic circulation have not been investigated. Clarification of these profiles could help explain the mechanisms by which bariatric surgery leads to BA profile alterations and subsequent metabolic effects. We performed duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and sham procedures in an obese diabetic rat model induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin. The weight loss and antidiabetic effects were evaluated postsurgery. BA profiles in the systemic serum and within the enterohepatic circulation were analyzed, together with the expression of related BA transporters and enzymes at week 12 after surgery. Compared with sham, SG induced sustained weight loss, and both DJB and SG significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity with enhanced glucagon-like peptide 1 secretion. Similar to changes in the serum, BAs, especially taurine-conjugated species, were also elevated in the enterohepatic circulation (bile and portal vein) after DJB and SG. In addition, the expression of key BA transporters and conjugational enzymes was elevated postoperatively, whereas the enzymes responsible for BA synthesis were decreased. In conclusion, DJB and SG elevated BA levels in the systemic serum and enterohepatic circulation, especially taurine-conjugated species, which likely indicates increased ileal reabsorption and hepatic conjugation rather than synthesis. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Bile acids (BAs) have been implicated as potential mediators of the weight-independent effects of bariatric surgery. For the first time, we discovered that duodenal-jejunal bypass and sleeve gastrectomy elevated BAs, particularly the taurine-conjugated species in the enterohepatic circulation, likely through the promotion of ileal reabsorption and hepatic conjugation rather than BA synthesis. These findings will improve our understanding of BA metabolism after bariatric surgery and their subsequent metabolic effects.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Circulação Êntero-Hepática/fisiologia , Obesidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/metabolismo , Taurina/metabolismo , Animais , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/classificação , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/sangue , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Reabsorção Intestinal/fisiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Ratos
7.
Metabolism ; 81: 1-12, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29129820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery could improve pancreatic beta cell function, thereby leading to the remission of the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the specific mechanism underlying this phenomenon is yet to be revealed. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in infiltrating macrophages plays an important role in the modulation of beta cell function after duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) surgery. METHODS: DJB and sham surgery were performed in diabetic Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ). Body weight, food intake, and glucose tolerance test (GTT) were measured at indicated time points. Apoptosis of the beta cells was measured by Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP Nick End Labeling (TUNEL) assay. We also assessed the macrophage content and NLRP3 expression in the rat model. Furthermore, macrophage reconstitution was performed after DJB surgery. Beta cell function and NLRP3 inflammasome pathway were re-evaluated in wild-type macrophage reconstitution group and NLRP3-knockdown macrophage reconstitution group. RESULTS: DJB surgery group rats displayed rapid and sustained improvement in glucose tolerance. Decreased apoptosis and improved secretion function of the beta cells were observed in DJB surgery group. NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in infiltrating macrophages was also suppressed after DJB surgery. Moreover, diabetic remission acquired by DJB sustained in NLRP3-knockdown macrophage reconstitution group, while extinguished in group reconstituted with wild-type macrophage. CONCLUSIONS: NLRP3 inflammasome deactivation in infiltrating macrophages is involved in marked beta cell function improvement after DJB surgery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/fisiologia , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/fisiologia , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/fisiologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estreptozocina
8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 23(18): 3269-3278, 2017 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28566886

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effects of sleeve gastrectomy plus trunk vagotomy (SGTV) compared with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in a diabetic rat model. METHODS: SGTV, SG, TV and Sham operations were performed on rats with diabetes induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin. Body weight, food intake, oral glucose tolerance test, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), hepatic insulin signaling (IR, IRS1, IRS2, PI3K and AKT), oral glucose stimulated insulin secretion, GLP-1 and ghrelin were compared at various postoperative times. RESULTS: Both SG and SGTV resulted in better glucose tolerance, lower HOMA-IR, up-regulated hepatic insulin signaling, higher levels of oral glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, higher postprandial GLP-1 and lower fasting ghrelin levels than the TV and Sham groups. No significant differences were observed between the SG and SGTV groups. In addition, no significant differences were found between the TV and Sham groups in terms of glucose tolerance, HOMA-IR, hepatic insulin signaling, oral glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, postprandial GLP-1 and fasting ghrelin levels. No differences in body weight and food intake were noted between the four groups. CONCLUSION: SGTV is feasible for diabetes control and is independent of weight loss. However, SGTV did not result in a better improvement in diabetes than SG alone.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Glucose/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Peso Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ingestão de Alimentos , Grelina/sangue , Glucose/análise , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Homeostase , Insulina/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Secreção de Insulina , Masculino , Período Pós-Prandial , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais , Vagotomia
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 23(19): 3468-3479, 2017 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28596682

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate factors causing diabetes recurrence after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB). METHODS: SG and DJB were performed on rats with diabetes induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ). HFD was used to induce diabetes recurrence at 4 wk postoperatively. Body weight, oral glucose tolerance test, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), insulin signaling [IR, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)1, IRS2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and AKT in liver and skeletal muscle], oral glucose stimulated insulin secretion, beta-cell morphology (mass, apoptosis and insulin secretion), glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, PYY and ghrelin were compared among SG rats with common low-fat diet (SG-LFD), SG with HFD (SG-HFD), DJB rats with LFD (DJB-LFD), DJB with HFD (DJB-HFD) and sham-operation with LFD (Sham) at targeted postoperative times. RESULTS: SG and DJB resulted in significant improvement in glucose tolerance, lower HOMA-IR, up-regulated hepatic and muscular insulin signaling, higher levels of oral glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, bigger beta-cell mass, higher immunofluorescence intensity of insulin, fewer transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin 3' nick end-labeling (TUNEL)-positive beta cells and higher postprandial GLP-1 and PYY levels than in the Sham group. The improvement in glucose tolerance was reversed at 12 wk postoperatively. Compared with the SG-LFD and DJB-LFD groups, the SG-HFD and DJB-HFD groups showed higher HOMA-IR, down-regulated hepatic and muscular insulin signaling, and more TUNEL-positive beta cells. No significant difference was detected between HFD and LFD groups for body weight, glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, beta-cell mass, immunofluorescence intensity of insulin, and postprandial GLP-1 and PYY levels. Fasting serum ghrelin decreased in SG groups, and there was no difference between HFD-SG and LFD-SG groups. CONCLUSION: HFD reverses the improvement in glucose homeostasis after SG and DJB. Diabetes recurrence may correlate with re-impaired insulin sensitivity, but not with alterations of beta-cell function and body weight.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/citologia , Insulina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Peso Corporal , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Duodeno/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Grelina/metabolismo , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Homeostase , Resistência à Insulina , Jejuno/cirurgia , Fígado/metabolismo , Músculos/metabolismo , Peptídeo YY/metabolismo , Ratos , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Transdução de Sinais , Estreptozocina
10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 22(32): 7332-41, 2016 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621579

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) with jejuno-jejunal or jejuno-ileal loop on glycolipid metabolism in diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetic rats, which were induced by high-fat diet (HFD), nicotinamide and low-dose streptozotocin, underwent sham operations, SG, SG with jejuno-ileal loop (SG-JI) and SG with jejuno-jejunal loop (SG-JJ) followed by postoperative HFD. Then, at the time points of baseline and 2, 12 and 24 wk postoperatively, we determined and compared several variables, including the area under the curve for the results of oral glucose tolerance test (AUCOGTT), serum levels of triglyceride, cholesterol and ghrelin in fasting state, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), body weight, calorie intake, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and insulin secretions after glucose gavage at dose of 1 g/kg. RESULTS: At 2 wk postoperatively, rats that underwent SG, SG-JJ and SG-JI, compared with sham-operated (SHAM) rats, demonstrated lower body weight, calorie intake and ghrelin (P < 0.05 vs SHAM), enhanced secretion of insulin and GLP-1 after glucose gavage (P < 0.05 vs SHAM), improved AUCOGTT, HOMA-IR, fasting serum triglyceride and cholesterol (AUCOGTT: 1616.9 ± 83.2, 837.4 ± 83.7, 874.9 ± 97.2 and 812.6 ± 81.9, P < 0.05 vs SHAM; HOMA-IR: 4.31 ± 0.54, 2.94 ± 0.22, 3.17 ± 0.37 and 3.41 ± 0.22, P < 0.05 vs SHAM; Triglyceride: 2.35 ± 0.17, 1.87 ± 0.23, 1.98 ± 0.30 and 2.04 ± 0.21 mmol/L, P < 0.05 vs SHAM; Cholesterol: 1.84 ± 0.21, 1.53 ± 0.20, 1.52 ± 0.20 and 1.46 ± 0.23 mmol/L). At 12 wk postoperatively, rats receiving SG-JJ and SG-JI had lower body weight, reduced levels of triglyceride and cholesterol and elevated level of GLP-1 compared to those receiving SG (P < 0.05 vs SG). At 24 wk after surgery, compared with SG, the advantage of SG-JJ and SG-JI for glucolipid metabolism was still evident (P < 0.05 vs SG). SG-JI had a better performance in lipid metabolism and GLP-1 secretion of rats than did SG-JJ. CONCLUSION: SG combined with intestinal loop induces better glycolipid metabolism than simple SG, with the lipid metabolism being more improved with SG-JI compared to SG-JJ.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/cirurgia , Glicolipídeos/metabolismo , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Animais , Gastrectomia , Grelina/sangue , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Derivação Jejunoileal , Jejuno/cirurgia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 22(29): 6706-15, 2016 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27547013

RESUMO

AIM: To observe the alterations in gut microbiota in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced diabetes recurrence after duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) in rats. METHODS: We assigned HDF- and low-dose streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats into two major groups to receive DJB and sham operation respectively. When the DJB was completed, we used HFD to induce diabetes recurrence. Then, we grouped the DJB-operated rats by blood glucose level into the DJB-remission (DJB-RM) group and the DJB-recurrence (DJB-RC) group. At a sequence of time points after operations, we compared calorie content in the food intake (calorie intake), oral glucose tolerance test, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), concentrations of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), serum insulin, total bile acids (TBAs) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and alterations in colonic microbiota. RESULTS: The relative abundance of Firmicutes in the control (58.06% ± 11.12%; P < 0.05 vs sham; P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC) and DJB-RM (55.58% ± 6.16%; P < 0.05 vs sham; P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC) groups was higher than that in the sham (29.04% ± 1.36%) and DJB-RC (27.44% ± 2.17%) groups; but the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes was lower (control group: 33.46% ± 10.52%, P < 0.05 vs sham 46.88% ± 2.34%, P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC 47.41% ± 5.67%. DJB-RM group: 34.63% ± 3.37%, P < 0.05 vs sham; P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC). Escherichia coli was higher in the sham (15.72% ± 1.67%, P < 0.05 vs control, P < 0.05 vs DJB-RM) and DJB-RC (16.42% ± 3.00%; P < 0.05 vs control; P < 0.05 vs DJB-RM) groups than in the control (3.58% ± 3.67%) and DJB-RM (4.15% ± 2.76%) groups. Improved HOMA-IR (2.82 ± 0.73, P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC 4.23 ± 0.72), increased TBAs (27803.17 ± 4673.42 ng/mL; P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC 18744.00 ± 3047.26 ng/mL) and decreased LPS (0.12 ± 0.04 ng/mL, P < 0.05 vs DJB-RC 0.19 ± 0.03 ng/mL) were observed the in DJB-RM group; however, these improvements were reversed in the DJB-RC group, with the exception of GLP-1 (DJB-RM vs DJB-RC P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Alterations in gut microbiota may be responsible for the diabetes remission and recurrence after DJB, possibly by influencing serum LPS and TBAs.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/microbiologia , Duodeno/cirurgia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Jejuno/cirurgia , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Recidiva
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...