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2.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find the optimal size of a drain for the reliable drainage and the best cosmetic result in TOETVA. To explore the normal drainage flow rate after TOETVA. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed in a single center from December 2016 to December 2018. One hundred and fifty-three (153) patients had TOETVA with a single incision and were randomly divided into two groups. Self-made drainage tubes with a small diameter (outer diameter 2.0 mm, inner diameter 1.0 mm) were used in 80 patients (experimental group). No. 8 tubes were used in 73 patients (control group). The clinical characteristics and results between both groups were compared by t test or chi-square test, and the results of normal drainage flow rate were calculated. RESULTS: The experimental group had a longer intraoperative tube-inserting time, compared with the control group (9.5 ± 2.5 min vs. 5.6 ± 1.4 min, p = 0.001), a smaller scar six months after the operation (1.8 ± 2.3 mm vs. 3.1 ± 2.6 mm, p = 0.002), and a lower Vancouver Scar Scale score at both one month (3.20 ± 1.44 vs. 4.19 ± 1.92, p = 0.001) and six months after the operation(1.43 ± 1.84 vs. 2.40 ± 2.37, p = 0.006). The drainage volume, pain score on the first day, postoperative complications (tube blockage, air leakage, subcutaneous hydrops, hematoma, regional infection), and the extubation time were not significantly different. The average drainage of 148 patients without postoperative complications was 78.3 ± 10.9 ml. The cumulative drainage within 8 h, and 32 h after the operation accounted for 53.2% and 91.9% of the total drainage, respectively. The residual drainage at 32 h was estimated to be 6.5 ± 2.9 ml (P95 = 11.0 ml). A linear regression equation between total volume (Vt) and the size of resected tissue (S) was established: Vt = 1.625 S + 56.604 (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In TOETVA, a small drain can provide a good cosmetic appearance and reliable drainage. The main exudation period of the wound is within 8 h after the operation. If a residual volume of less than 11 ml is considered to be self-absorbable, the shortest safe extubation point for 95% of patients should be 32 h after the operation.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013009

RESUMO

We investigate how pressure-sensitive smart textiles, in the form of a headband, can detect changes in facial expressions that are indicative of emotions and cognitive activities. Specifically, we present the Expressure system that performs surface pressure mechanomyography on the forehead using an array of textile pressure sensors that is not dependent on specific placement or attachment to the skin. Our approach is evaluated in systematic psychological experiments. First, through a mimicking expression experiment with 20 participants, we demonstrate the system's ability to detect well-defined facial expressions. We achieved accuracies of 0.824 to classify among three eyebrow movements (0.333 chance-level) and 0.381 among seven full-face expressions (0.143 chance-level). A second experiment was conducted with 20 participants to induce cognitive loads with N-back tasks. Statistical analysis has shown significant correlations between the Expressure features on a fine time granularity and the cognitive activity. The results have also shown significant correlations between the Expressure features and the N-back score. From the 10 most facially expressive participants, our approach can predict whether the N-back score is above or below the average with 0.767 accuracy.

4.
Aging Cell ; : e13102, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074399

RESUMO

In female mammals, the size of the initially established primordial follicle (PF) pool within the ovaries determines the reproductive lifespan of females. Interestingly, the establishment of the PF pool is accompanied by a remarkable programmed oocyte loss for unclear reasons. Although apoptosis and autophagy are involved in the process of oocyte loss, the underlying mechanisms require substantial study. Here, we identify a new role of lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) in controlling the fate of oocytes in perinatal mice through regulating the level of autophagy. Our results show that the relatively higher level of LSD1 in fetal ovaries sharply reduces from 18.5 postcoitus (dpc). Meanwhile, the level of autophagy increases while oocytes are initiating programmed death. Specific disruption of LSD1 resulted in significantly increased autophagy and obviously decreased oocyte number compared with the control. Conversely, the oocyte number is remarkably increased by the overexpression of Lsd1 in ovaries. We further demonstrated that LSD1 exerts its role by regulating the transcription of p62 and affecting autophagy level through its H3K4me2 demethylase activity. Finally, in physiological conditions, a decrease in LSD1 level leads to an increased level of autophagy in the oocyte when a large number of oocytes are being lost. Collectively, LSD1 may be one of indispensible epigenetic molecules who protects oocytes against preterm death through repressing the autophagy level in a time-specific manner. And epigenetic modulation contributes to programmed oocyte death by regulating autophagy in mice.

5.
Food Chem ; 316: 126342, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044706

RESUMO

The types and amounts of volatiles in the fruits of 39 melon cultivars were determined. We identified 146 volatiles, including 55 esters, 23 aldehydes, 30 alcohols, 15 ketones, 6 acids and 17 others. Ethyl acetate, (Z)-6-nonenal and 3,6-(E,Z)-nonadien-1-ol were the most three abundant volatiles (average content > 50 µg/kg FW). Aroma profiles showed significant differences among cultivars. Zhongtian49 and Zhongtian20 had the most abundant aroma components (76) and Jinguniang exhibited the least (23). One non-climacteric inodorus cultivar (Xizhoumi25) had the highest content of total volatiles (1840 µg/kg FW). Principal component analysis clustered the 39 melon cultivars into five groups. This work describes the comparative diversity of melon fruit volatiles for a large number of cultivars. Furthermore, this study could support the selection of cultivars with a flavor that suits the public and also future breeding work towards the genetic improvement of melon flavor.

6.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 64: 104994, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044681

RESUMO

Anticoagulants are the main drugs for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism. However, most of the present anticoagulants have shortcomings and novel anticoagulants are in great demand. Marine microorganisms are an important source of new drugs. Therefore, in this study, ultrasound was applied to enhance anticoagulant accumulation by marine Bacillus subtilis ZHX. Ultrasound parameters were optimized by single-factor experiments exploring the effects of ultrasound power, duration, duty cycle and the cell growth phases. The optimum conditions were exponential prophase (5 h) with 25 kHz frequency, 140 W power, and a 40% duty cycle for 5 min. The maximum anticoagulant activity (55.36 U/mL) was 1.73 times that of the control group, and the fermentation time was shortened by 3 h. Under optimal conditions, ultrasound increased the carbon utilization by Bacillus subtilis ZHX without significant changes in morphology, favoring cell growth and anticoagulant production. However, excessive ultrasound caused intracellular damage, which inhibited biomass accumulation, decreasing anticoagulant activity and even leading to cell rupture. This is the first report on the use of ultrasound to enhance anticoagulant production by Bacillus, and it provides useful information for scaling-up the process.

7.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 64: 1-8, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop and verify the Psychosomatic Symptom Scale (PSSS) among psychosomatic patients and the cut-off value of PSSS in distinguishing psychosomatic patients from health controls. METHODS: The PSSS was drafted by an expert workgroup. 996 patients and 366 controls from 14 general hospitals in China were recruited to complete PSSS, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90). Student's t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Cronbach's α, Spearman's correlation, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to verify the PSSS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to determine the cut-off value. RESULTS: Cronbach α of PSSS was 0.907. The PSSS was significantly correlated with SCL-90 somatization subscale (r = 0.682, P < 0.001) and PHQ-15 (r = 0.724, P < 0.001). CFA supported the theoretical two-factor structure of the PSSS, with comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.979, Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) = 0.977, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.039 (90% CI: 0.035-0.042), and standardized root mean residual (SRMR) = 0.054. As the sum score of PSSS was significantly higher in female, cut-off values were determined as 11 in females and 10 in males respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The PSSS is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring psychosomatic symptoms.

9.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043914

RESUMO

Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) can cause diarrhea in piglets. This is the first report and complete genome sequence of an extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing hybrid STEC/ETEC strain isolated from a piglet with diarrhea on a swine farm in China. We investigated the virulence genes and phylogenetic diversity with publicly available E. coli genomes. Both E. coli strains S17-13 and S17-20 harbored multiple virulence genes, mainly including stx2e and eastA genes. Other important virulence genes (estIa, estIb, fedABCDEF, and hlyABCD) were located in the plasmid p1713-1 of S17-13, which could be transferred from E. coli S17-13 to S17-20 by conjugation. The presence of virulence genes associated with different pathogroups (STEC or ETEC) confirmed the hybrid status of E. coli strain S17-13. Phylogenetic analysis showed that STEC/ETEC S17-13, STEC S17-20, avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) O78, and APEC ACN001 are located in the same evolutionary branch, indicating that they may originate from a common ancestor. It is crucial to understand the phylogeny of pathogenic bacteria to evaluate how they have evolved and to monitor the emergence of potential new pathogens. The emergence of novel hybrid E. coli strains presents a new public health risk. More attention must be paid to these hybrid pathogens during typing and epidemiological surveillance of E. coli infections, which challenges the traditional diagnostics of E. coli infections.

10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 232: 115802, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952601

RESUMO

A series of biocompatible and non- toxic polysaccharide molecules have been successfully fabricated and explored their potential application for scavenging the carbonyl species in vitro. These macromolecules were dextrans with different hydrazide substitution ratios determined by TNBS assay, NMR and FTIR characterization. The colorimetric assay had demonstrated that these macromolecules could effectively scavenge acrolein, oxidized bovine serum albumin (BSA) in buffer solutions as well as carbonyl proteins from serum. The scavengers could achieve twice more scavenging effects for modified dextrans with high molecular weight (Mw = 100,000) than those of low ones (Mw = 40,000) with the same substitution ratio. Protein gel electrophoresis confirmed that the formation of the complex between carbonyls and modified dextrans resulted in appearance of slower bands. It also revealed that such macromolecules could protect cultured cells against the toxicity of acrolein or its derivatives. The proposed macromolecules indicated a very promising capability as scavengers for oxidative stress plus its derivatives without side effects.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960155

RESUMO

The study was undertaken to evaluate the safety of vitacamphorae (VCP) injection in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Rats were intravenously administered with VCP at the doses of 0, 5, 15, and 50 mg/kg/day (equivalent to 0, 5, 15, and 50 times the clinical equivalent dose) for 4 weeks, respectively. In addition, we also tested oxidative stress-related parameters and cytokine levels in rat serum. In the current study, intravenous administration of VCP at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day caused significant pathophysiological responses in rats. Compared with the control group, different doses of VCP exposure had no significant effect on body weight, food consumption, and clinic pathology of rats after 4 weeks of VCP administration. Rats in high-dose group (50 mg/kg/day) showed general symptoms of convulsions after VCP administration. The toxicological significance of VCP exposure in the spleen of high-dose female rats was observed, which showed a significant increase in the relative spleen weights (P < 0.01) and mild lymphocyte proliferation in splenic pathology. Furthermore, the results of oxidative stress and cytokine detection showed that the levels of antioxidant enzymes SOD increased in each administration group, but the levels of a series of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, and IFN-γ also increased in these groups. Above changes caused by VCP exposure can be reversed after 4 weeks of recovery. Overall, the results showed that the no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) of VCP injection for 4-week toxicity was 15 mg/kg/day.

12.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2117: 159-167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960377

RESUMO

Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a powerful tool to analyze cellular heterogeneity, identify new cell types, and infer developmental trajectories, which has greatly facilitated studies on development, immunity, cancer, neuroscience, and so on. Visualizing of scRNA-Seq data is fundamental and essential because it is critical to biological interpretation. Although principal component analysis (PCA) is used for visualizing scRNA-seq at early studies, t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor embedding (t-SNE), an unsupervised nonlinear dimensionality reduction technique, is widely used nowadays due to its advantage in visualization of scRNA-seq data. Here, we detailed the process of visualization of single-cell RNA-seq data using t-SNE via Seurat, an R toolkit for single cell genomics.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(3): 913-919, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952443

RESUMO

Size and crystallinity of building units in the perovskite layer are of great significance to photovoltaic performance. Thus, to fabricate large-grain-size perovskite materials with the advantage of good crystallinity is quite necessary. The oriented attachment strategy has been proofed as an efficient method to control crystal growth. Herein, we reported on oriented attachment of α-CsPbI3 quantum dots (QDs) into a large-grain-size nanocrystal under moderate ultraviolet (UV) light. By virtue of atomic-resolution TEM and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, we observed the UV-directed structure-evolution and growth process. This is trigged by UV-light illumination (7 W, 365 nm), which drives the oriented assembly of QDs into a large nanoparticle along {110} facets. Moreover, we also visualized a damage process of the α-CsPbI3 QDs to photoinactive-δ-phase ones and finally into PbI2 under high-power UV-light (100 W, 365 nm) exposure. The findings provide a prototype for fabricating large-size perovskite nanostructures with promising properties.

14.
Am Heart J ; 221: 136-145, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986290

RESUMO

The Salt Substitute and Stroke Study is an ongoing 5-year large-scale cluster randomized trial investigating the effects of potassium-enriched salt substitute compared to usual salt on the risk of stroke. The study involves 600 villages and 20,996 individuals in rural China. Intermediate risk markers were measured in a random subsample of villages every 12 months over 3 years to track progress against key assumptions underlying study design. Measures of 24-hour urinary sodium, 24-hour urinary potassium, blood pressure and participants' use of salt substitute were recorded, with differences between intervention and control groups estimated using generalized linear mixed models. The primary outcome of annual event rate in the two groups combined was determined by dividing confirmed fatal and non-fatal strokes by total follow-up time in the first 2 years. The mean differences (95% CI) were -0.32 g (-0.68 to 0.05) for 24-hour urinary sodium, +0.77 g (+0.60 to +0.93) for 24-hour urinary potassium, -2.65 mmHg (-4.32 to -0.97) for systolic blood pressure and +0.30 mmHg (-0.72 to +1.32) for diastolic blood pressure. Use of salt substitute was reported by 97.5% in the intervention group versus 4.2% in the control group (P<.0001). The overall estimated annual event rate for fatal and non-fatal stroke was 3.2%. The systolic blood pressure difference and the annual stroke rate were both in line with the statistical assumptions underlying study design. The trial should be well placed to address the primary hypothesis at completion of follow-up.

15.
Funct Plant Biol ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968206

RESUMO

WRINKLED 1 (WRI1), a member of the AP2/EREBP class of transcription factors, regulates carbon allocation between the glycolytic and fatty acid biosynthetic pathways and plays important roles in other biological events. Previous studies have suggested that post-translational modifications and interacting partners modulate the activity of WRI1. We systematically summarised the structure of WRI1 as well as its molecular interactions during transcription and translation in plants. This work elucidates the genetic evolution and regulatory functions of WRI1 at the molecular level and describes a new pathway involving WRI1 that can be used to produce triacylglycerols (TAGs) in plants.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 388: 122063, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972432

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used in various fields due to their antimicrobial activities. However, the antimicrobial mechanisms of AgNPs against fungi, especially on transcriptional level, are still unclear. In this study, the inhibitory property of AgNPs against Fusarium solani species complex was investigated. Transmission electron microscopes were used to observe the alterations in morphology and cellular structure of fungal hyphae treated with AgNPs. Disturbances in the cell walls and membranes, as well as empty space in the cytoplasm were observed. The transcriptome sequencing of F. solani species complex mycelia was performed using the Illumina NextSeq 500 ribonucleic acid sequencing (RNA-Seq) platform. In the RNA-Seq study, AgNPs treatment resulted in 2503 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed that the DEGs were mainly involved in 6 different terms. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis also revealed that energy and substance metabolism, signal transduction and genetic information processing were the most highly enriched pathways for these DEGs. In addition, RNA-seq results were validated by quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCRs). Our findings enhanced the understanding of the antifungal activities of AgNPs and the underlying molecular mechanisms, and provided a new perspective for investigating this novel antifungal agent.

17.
J Microbiol ; 58(2): 163-172, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993989

RESUMO

α-Glucosidase is a crucial enzyme for the production of isomaltooligosaccharide. In this study, a novel method comprising eosin Y (EY) and α-D-methylglucoside (AMG) in glass plates was tested for the primary screening of α-glucosidaseproducing strains. First, α-glucosidase-producing Aspergillus niger strains were selected on plates containing EY and AMG based on transparent zone formation resulting from the solubilization of EY by the hydrolyzed product. Conventional methods that use trypan blue (TB) and p-nitrophenyl-α-D-glucopyranoside (pPNP) as indicators were then compared with the new strategy. The results showed that EY-containing plates provide the advantages of low price and higher specificity for the screening of α-glucosidase-producing strains. We then evaluated the correlation between the hydrolytic activity of α-glucosidase and diffusion distance, and found that good linearity could be established within a 6-75 U/ml enzyme concentration range. Finally, the hydrolytic and transglycosylation activities of α-glucosidase obtained from the target isolates were determined by EY plate assay and 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid-Saccharomyces cerevisiae assay, respectively. The results showed that the diameter of the transparent zone varied among isolates was positively correlated with α-glucosidase hydrolytic activity, while good linearity could also be established between α-glucosidase transglycosylation activity and non-fermentable reducing sugars content. With this strategy, 7 Aspergillus niger mutants with high yield of α-glucosidase from 200 obvious single colonies on the primary screen plate were obtained.

18.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 92-97, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939242

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influencing factors of flap-related complications and the economic benefits of intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) angiography in the patients undergoing autologous breast reconstruction. Methods: Between July 2013 and June 2018, the clinical data of 150 patients (152 breasts) who met the selection criteria after autologous breast reconstruction were analyzed retrospectively. Ten factors including age, body mass index, preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC), chest radiation history, diabetes, abdominal operation history, chest wall reconstruction, reconstruction timing, flap type, intraoperative ICG angiography were analyzed by univariate analysis. Significant variables found in univariate analysis were used to perform backward multivariate logistic regression of flap related complications and local necrosis. According to the above multi factor analysis results, the patients were divided into 4 groups: ICG+NC group (group A), ICG+non-NC group (group B), non-ICG+NC group (group C), non-ICG+non-NC group (group D). The average extra costs of surgical treatment (including ICG imaging cost+cost of handling flap related complications) of each group was calculated. Results: All the 152 flaps survived. There were 33 flap-related complications, including 22 regional necrosis, 9 regional infection, 5 hematoma, 5 simple fat liquefaction, and 2 anasto-motic thrombosis. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative NC, flap type, and intraoperative ICG angiography had significant influence on the incidence of flap-related complications ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative NC and non-ICG angiography were the risk factors of flap-related complications ( P<0.05), and also the risk factors of regional flap necrosis ( P<0.05). For patients who had NC, intraoperative ICG angiography could greatly save the average extra costs. The average extra costs in group A was 1 378 yuan less than that in group C. For the patients without NC, intraoperative ICG angiography would increase the average extra costs, which was 747 yuan in group B more than that in group D. Conclusion: In autologous breast reconstruction, ICG angiography can reduce the incidence of flap-related complications, especially the incidence of regional flap necrosis, while NC is the opposite. For patients without NC, ICG angiography is not cost-effective but still can be used if conditions permit. However, for those with NC, ICG angiography is cost-effective and recommended.


Assuntos
Mamoplastia , Angiografia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Mastectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Biofouling ; 36(1): 44-55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985267

RESUMO

The hydraulic characteristics along agricultural irrigation pipelines directly affect the local near-wall hydraulic shear stress and biofilm accumulation. However, the variations in the microbial community during the process remain unknown. Based on the Couette-Taylor reactor, a device was developed to accurately control the hydraulic shear stress. The results indicated that the near-wall hydraulic shear stresses showed quadratic correlations with microbial contents (represented by phospholipid fatty acids r > 0.77, p < 0.05), and the maximum values were obtained under the shear stresses of 0.20-0.35 Pa. For two types of treated wastewater, the mutual operational taxonomic units among different shear stress treatments showed good consistency (>185). Their corresponding response in the microbial community was represented by the quantitative correlations between the near-wall hydraulic shear stresses and the polymorphism indices (r > 0.82, p < 0.05). Among the microorganisms, Firmicutes at the phylum level were significantly affected by the shear stress and significantly influenced the biofilm accumulation process.

20.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101088, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of mindfulness interventions in improving outcomes for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Following the collective strategy of Cochrane Collaborative Group, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database were searched from the establishment of databases to September 2019. Reference lists were searched for additional studies. Risk of bias was assessed using Revman 5.3. Disagreement was resolved by discussion. RESULTS: A total of 6 RCTs were included, including 337 patients. The results showed that the improvement of pain intensity in mindfulness group after intervention was better than that in the control group, and the difference was significant [WMD = 0.65, 95% CI (-1.11, - 0.18), P = 0.006]. There were significant differences in depression between the two groups [SMD = 0.47, 95% CI (- 0.86, - 0.07), P = 0.02]. The results showed that there were significant differences in DSA28 between the two groups [WMD = -0.29,95% CI (- 0.38, - 0.19), P <0.00001]. The results showed that there were no significant differences in anxiety and CPR between the two groups. CONCLUSION: mindfulness interventions can significantly improve pain intensity, depression, and symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis compared with conventional therapy. But the result still needs to be confirmed by more high-quality, large-sample randomized controlled trials.

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