Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.880
Filtrar
1.
Waste Manag ; 177: 298-306, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368642

RESUMO

Bio-conditioning dewatering followed by activated sludge process (BDAS) is a promising technology for purifying food waste anaerobic digestate (FWAD). However, the bio-conditioning dewatering efficiency is often affected by FWAD properties and ambient temperature. Here, we firstly reported that aeration pre-treatment of FWAD played an important role in improving the bio-conditioning dewatering performance of FWAD. The study found that the accumulated carbonate (CO32-) in FWAD severely affected the flocculation of Fe-containing flocculant formed in microbial fermentation liquor due to the competitive consumption of the flocculant by CO32-. The capillary suction time (CST) and specific resistance to filtration (SRF) of the bio-conditioned FWAD increased from initial 77.8 s and 2.0 × 1012 m/kg to 122.7 s and 3.4 × 1012 m/kg, respectively, within 1 day of aeration. Prolonged aeration pre-treatment of FWAD could reduce its CO32- concentration and total alkalinity. Additionally, the aeration pre-treatment simultaneously decreased the proportion of macromolecular organic matter that hindered dewatering and the content of total solids (TS) and hydrophilic protein-like substances in FWAD. After 20 days of aeration followed by bio-conditioning, the CST and SRF reduced to final 36.5 s and 2.3 × 1011 m/kg, respectively, indicating a substantial improvement in dewatering performance. Successive forced aeration combined with the addition of CaCl2 to eliminate adverse factors mainly CO32- was a feasible and cost-effective strategy to realize bio-conditioning dewatering of FWAD in less than 2 days and a lower reagents dose of bio-conditioning, which was helpful in the engineering application of the novel BDAS process for FWAD purification.

2.
BMJ Ment Health ; 27(1)2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing data suggest emergent affective symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on affective symptoms and suicidal ideation in Thai adults. METHODS: The Collaborative Outcomes Study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times uses non-probability sampling (chain referring and voluntary response sampling) and stratified probability sampling to identify risk factors of mental health problems and potential treatment targets to improve mental health outcomes during pandemics. FINDINGS: Analysing 14 271 adult survey participants across all four waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in Thailand, covering all 77 provinces from 1 June 2020 to 30 April 2022, affective symptoms and suicidality increased during COVID-19 pandemic. Affective symptoms were strongly predicted by pandemic (feelings of isolation, fear of COVID-19, loss of social support, financial loss, lack of protective devices) and non-pandemic (female sex, non-binary individuals, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), negative life events, student status, multiple mental health and medical conditions, physical pain) risk factors. ACEs, prior mental health conditions and physical pain were the top three risk factors associated with both increased affective symptoms and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Partial least squares analysis showed that ACEs were the most important risk factor as they impacted most pandemic and non-pandemic risk factors. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Rational policymaking during a pandemic should aim to identify the groups at highest risk (those with ACEs, psychiatric and medical disease, women, non-binary individuals) and implement both immediate and long-term strategies to mitigate the impact of ACEs, while effectively addressing associated psychiatric and medical conditions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Sintomas Afetivos , Pandemias , Tailândia/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Dor
3.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1339530, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361795

RESUMO

Articular cartilage regeneration is still a difficult task due to the cartilage's weak capacity for self-healing and the effectiveness of the available therapies. The engineering of cartilage tissue has seen widespread use of stem cell-based therapies. However, efficient orientation of line-specific bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to chondrogenesis and maintenance of chondrogenic differentiation challenged stem cell-based therapy. Herein, we developed a Fe-based metal-organic framework (MOF) loaded with hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) and cartilage-targeting arginine-aspartate-glycine (RGD) peptide to form MOF-HMME-RGD sonosensitizer to regulate BMSCs chondrogenic differentiation for cartilage regeneration via the modulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). By using sonodynamic therapy (SDT), the MOF-HMME-RGD demonstrated favorable biocompatibility, could generate a modest amount of ROS, and enhanced BMSCs chondrogenic differentiation through increased accumulation of glycosaminoglycan, an ECM component specific to cartilage, and upregulated expression of key chondrogenic genes (ACAN, SOX9, and Col2a1). Further, transplanted BMSCs loading MOF-HMME-RGD combined with SDT enhanced cartilage regeneration for cartilage defect repair after 8 weeks into treatment. This synergistic strategy based on MOF nanoparticles provides an instructive approach to developing alternative sonosensitizers for cartilage regeneration combined with SDT.

4.
EClinicalMedicine ; 69: 102468, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361990

RESUMO

Background: Azvudine and nirmatrelvir/ritonavir are approved to treat mild-to-moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in adults with a high risk for progression to severe infection. We sought to compare the antiviral effectiveness and clinical outcomes of elderly severe patients with COVID-19 receiving these two antiviral agents. Methods: In this observational study, we identified 249 elderly patients with severe COVID-19 infection who were admitted to the Second Medical Center of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital from December 2022 to January 2023, including 128 azvudine recipients, 66 nirmatrelvir/ritonavir recipients and 55 patients not received antiviral treatments. We compared the cycle threshold (Ct) value dynamic change of all three groups. The primary outcome was a composite outcome of disease progression, including all-cause death, intensive care unit admission, and initiation of invasive mechanical ventilation. The outcomes of all enrolled patients were followed up from the electronic medical record system. Kaplan-Meier and Cox risk proportional regression analyses were used to compare the clinical outcomes of all three groups. To more directly compare the effectiveness of the two antiviral drugs, we performed propensity-score matching between the two antiviral groups and compared antiviral efficacy and clinical outcomes in the matched population. Findings: Among 249 patients (mean age, 91.41 years), 77 patients died during the follow-up period. When compared to patients who did not receive any antivirals, neither nirmatrelvir/ritonavir nor azvudine demonstrated a survival benefit. The Cox analysis of the all-cause death of the three groups showed that the risk of death was 0.730 (0.423-1.262) in the azvudine group 0.802 (0.435-1.480) and in the nirmatrelvir/ritonavir group compared with the non-antiviral group. After propensity score matching, we included 58 azvudine recipients and 58 nirmatrelvir/ritonavir recipients. The fitted curve of the Ct value after matching illustrated that the rate of viral decline in the early stage of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir treatment seems to surpass that of azvudine, but there was no statistical significance. Azvudine was seemly associated with a lower risk of composite outcomes (HR:1.676, 95% CI:0.805-3.488) and short-term all-cause death (HR: 1.291, 95%CI: 0.546-3.051). Interpretation: Patients who received azvudine have a similar antiviral effectiveness and survival curve trend compared to nirmatrelvir/ritonavir. In this limited series, antiviral treatment was not associated with a significant clinical benefit. This lack of clinical benefit might be attributed to potential bias. Funding: This study was supported by the "National Key R&D Program of China" (Funding No. 2020YFC2008900) and the National Defense Science and Technology Innovation Special Zone Project (223-CXCY-N101-07-18-01).

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yangyinghuoxue decoction (YYHXD) is a Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compound with satisfactory clinical efficacy in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis (HF). However, the pharmacological molecular mechanisms of YYHXD in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis have not yet been clarified. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pharmacological mechanisms of YYHXD for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis via network pharmacology analysis combined with experimental verification. METHODS: First, the bioactive ingredients and potential targets of YYHXD and HF-related targets were retrieved from the online databases and literatures. Next, the "herb-ingredient-target-disease" network and PPI network were constructed for topological analyses and key active compounds and targets screening. Enrichment analyses were performed to identify the critical biological processes and signaling pathways. Then, the molecular docking experiment was performed to initially validate the network pharmacology prediction results. Finally, the antifibrotic effect and pharmacological mechanisms of YYHXD were investigated in CCl4 induced liver fibrosis in rats. RESULTS: In total, 141 active compounds in YYHXD, 637 YYHXD-related targets and 1598 liver fibrosis-related targets were identified. Among them, 69 overlapped targets were finally obtained. Network analysis screened 5 critical bioactive components and 34 key targets. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that YYHXD obviously influenced biological processes such as oxidative stress, cellular inflammation and hepatocyte apoptosis and signaling pathways such as PI3K-Akt, Apoptosis, and JAK-STAT in the treatment of HF. The molecular docking results suggested that the YYHXD may have a direct impact on the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Further, in vivo experiment indicated that YYHXD treatment not only reduced liver injury and protected liver function, but also decrease the apoptosis of hepatic parenchyma cells, reducing inflammatory and attenuating oxidative stress. Moreover, YYHXD significantly attenuated the upregulation of target proteins enriched in PI3K signaling pathway, including P-PI3K, P-Akt1, HSP90, MYC, p53. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanisms of YYHXD against liver fibrosis were involved in multiple ingredients, multiple targets and multiple signaling pathways. The PI3K/Akt pathway could be the most important pharmacological mechanism of YYHXD therapy for liver fibrosis.

6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(8): e2306936121, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349873

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that the brain renin angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of cognition and behavior as well as in the neuropathology of neurological and mental disorders. The angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) mediates most functional and neuropathology-relevant actions associated with the central RAS. However, an overarching comprehension to guide translation and utilize the therapeutic potential of the central RAS in humans is currently lacking. We conducted a comprehensive characterization of the RAS using an innovative combination of transcriptomic gene expression mapping, image-based behavioral decoding, and pre-registered randomized controlled discovery-replication pharmacological resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) trials (N = 132) with a selective AT1R antagonist. The AT1R exhibited a particular dense expression in a subcortical network encompassing the thalamus, striatum, and amygdalo-hippocampal formation. Behavioral decoding of the AT1R gene expression brain map showed an association with memory, stress, reward, and motivational processes. Transient pharmacological blockade of the AT1R further decreased neural activity in subcortical systems characterized by a high AT1R expression, while increasing functional connectivity in the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical circuitry. Effects of AT1R blockade on the network level were specifically associated with the transcriptomic signatures of the dopaminergic, opioid, acetylcholine, and corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling systems. The robustness of the results was supported in an independent pharmacological fMRI trial. These findings present a biologically informed comprehensive characterization of the central AT1R pathways and their functional relevance on the neural and behavioral level in humans.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Humanos , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética , Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Pressão Sanguínea , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/genética , Angiotensina II/metabolismo
7.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302330

RESUMO

In a growing follicle, the survival and maturation of the oocyte largely depend on support from somatic cells to facilitate FSH-induced mutual signaling and chemical communication. Although apoptosis and autophagy in somatic cells are involved in the process of FSH-induced follicular development, the underlying mechanisms require substantial study. According to our study, along with FSH-induced antral follicles (AFs) formation, both lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) protein levels and autophagy increased simultaneously in granulosa cells (GCs) in a time-dependent manner, we therefore evaluated the importance of LSD1 upon facilitating the formation of AFs correlated to autophagy in GCs. Conditional knockout of Lsd1 in GCs resulted in significantly decreased AF number and subfertility in females, accompanied by marked suppression of the autophagy in GCs. On the one hand, depletion of Lsd1 resulted in accumulation of Wilms tumor 1 homolog (WT1), at both the protein and mRNA levels. WT1 prevented the expression of FSH receptor (Fshr) in GCs and thus reduced the responsiveness of the secondary follicles to FSH induction. On the other hand, depletion of LSD1 resulted in suppressed level of autophagy by upregulation of ATG16L2 in GCs. We finally approved that LSD1 contributed to these sequential activities in GCs through its H3K4me2 demethylase activity. Therefore, the importance of LSD1 in GCs is attributable to its roles in both accelerating autophagy and suppressing WT1 expression to ensure the responsiveness of GCs to FSH during AFs formation.

8.
Amino Acids ; 56(1): 16, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358574

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptide (AMP) is the polypeptide, which protects the organism avoiding attack from pathogenic bacteria. Studies have shown that there were some antimicrobial peptides with molecular action mechanism involved in crossing the cell membrane without inducing severe membrane collapse, then interacting with cytoplasmic target-nucleic acid, and exerting antibacterial activity by interfacing the transmission of genetic information of pathogenic microorganisms. However, the relationship between the antibacterial activities and peptide structures was still unclear. Therefore, in the present work, a series of AMPs with a sequence of 20 amino acids was extracted from DBAASP database, then, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) methods were conducted on these peptides. In addition, novel antimicrobial peptides with  stronger antimicrobial activities were designed according to the information originated from the constructed models. Hence, the outcome of this study would lay a solid foundation for the in-silico design and exploration of novel antibacterial peptides with improved activity activities.


Assuntos
Peptídeos , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , Aminoácidos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
9.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(2): 335-345, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yangxue Qingnao Granules (YXQN) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been commonly used in the clinical treatment of migraine. AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of YXQN alone for the treatment of migraine. METHODS: We searched 10 databases to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before September 2022. Two review authors independently searched and screened the literature, extracted the data, and assessed the methodological quality of the studies using criteria from ROB 2.0, and analyzed the data using Review Manager 5.4 software. RESULTS: A total of 12 RCTs including 767 participants with migraine met the selection criteria. We divided these studies into comparisons of YXQN with placebo, routine treatment drugs, and other Chinese patent medicines. The meta-analysis showed the following: (1) Efficacy: The YXQN group outperformed the placebo group [relative risk (RR) = 0.29, 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 0.15-0.43, P < 0.00001], routine treatment group (RR = 0.18, 95%CI: 0.09-0.27, P < 0.0001), and Chinese patent medicine group (RR = 0.27, 95%CI: 0.13-0.41, P < 0.001); (2) frequency of headache: There was a significant difference between YXQN vs placebo [mean difference (MD) = -1.25, 95%CI: -1.60 to -0.90, P < 0.00001], routine treatment drugs (MD = -0.85, 95%CI: -1.15 to -0.56, P < 0.00001), and Chinese patent medicine (MD = -0.91, 95%CI: -1.35 to -0.46, P < 0.0001); (3) headache duration: We found great heterogeneity between studies, with no differences between YXQN and placebo (MD = -0.61, 95%CI: -1.53 to -0.31, P = 0.19) and routine treatment drugs (MD = -0.22, 95%CI: -0.89 to 0.46, P < 0.53). YXQN was more effective than other Chinese patent medicines in reducing headache duration (MD = -1.24, 95%CI: -1.70 to -0.77, P < 0.00001); and (4) headache severity: There was no significant difference between YXQN vs placebo (MD = -1.67, 95%CI: -3.52 to 0.19, P = 0.08), routine treatment drugs (MD = -0.53, 95%CI: -2.02 to 0.96, P = 0.68), and other Chinese patent medicines (MD = -0.49, 95%CI: -2.83 to 1.85, P = 0.68). Mild gastrointestinal adverse reactions were reported in three cases. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that YXQN is effective and safe for treatment of migraine.

10.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1275177, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328763

RESUMO

Objective: The treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) remains challenging. The study evaluated the impact of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis/hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis and glucose metabolism on the clinical outcomes in patients with bipolar depression (BD-D) and manic bipolar (BD-M) disorders. Methods: The research design involved a longitudinal prospective study. A total of 500 BD patients aged between 18 and 65 years treated in 15 hospitals located in Western China were enrolled in the study. The Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) were used to assess the BD symptoms. An effective treatment response was defined as a reduction in the symptom score of more than 25% after 12 weeks of treatment. The score of symptoms was correlated with the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, the HPA axis hormone levels (adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol), and the HPT axis hormone levels (thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), free triiodothyronine (fT3), and free thyroxine (fT4)). Results: In the BD-M group, the YMRS was positively correlated with baseline T4 (r = 0.349, p = 0.010) and fT4 (r = 0.335, p = 0.013) and negatively correlated with fasting insulin (r = -0.289, p = 0.013). The pre-treatment HOMA-IR was significantly correlated with adverse course (p = 0.045, OR = 0.728). In the BD-D group, the baseline MADRS was significantly positively correlated with baseline fT3 (r = 0.223, p = 0.032) and fT4 (r = 0.315, p = 0.002), while baseline T3 (p = 0.032, OR = 5.071) was significantly positively related to treatment response. Conclusion: The HPT axis and glucose metabolism were closely associated with clinical outcomes at 12 weeks in both BD-D and BD-M groups. If confirmed in further longitudinal studies, monitoring T3 in BD-D patients and HOMA-IR for BD-M could be used as potential treatment response biomarkers.

11.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328132

RESUMO

Integrase (IN) performs dual essential roles during HIV-1 replication. During ingress, IN functions within an oligomeric "intasome" assembly to catalyze viral DNA integration into host chromatin. During late stages of infection, tetrameric IN binds viral RNA and orchestrates the condensation of ribonucleoprotein complexes into the capsid core. The molecular architectures of HIV-1 IN assemblies that mediate these distinct events remain unknown. Furthermore, the tetramer is an important antiviral target for allosteric IN inhibitors. Here, we determined cryo-EM structures of wildtype HIV-1 IN tetramers and intasome hexadecamers. Our structures unveil a remarkable plasticity that leverages IN C-terminal domains and abutting linkers to assemble functionally distinct oligomeric forms. Alteration of a newly recognized conserved interface revealed that both IN functions track with tetramerization in vitro and during HIV-1 infection. Collectively, our findings reveal how IN plasticity orchestrates its diverse molecular functions, suggest a working model for IN-viral RNA binding, and provide atomic blueprints for allosteric IN inhibitor development.

12.
Small ; : e2309871, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299765

RESUMO

Owing to the outstanding comprehensive properties of high energy density, excellent cycling ability, and reasonable cost, Ni-rich layered oxides (NCM) are the most promising cathode for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). To further enhance the specific capacity of Ni-rich layered oxides, it is necessary to increase the cut-off voltage to a higher level. However, a higher cut-off voltage can lead to substantial structural changes and trigger interface side reactions, presenting significant challenges for practical applications (cycle life and safety). Herein, to solve above issues, tris(hexafluoroisopropyl)borate (TFPB) is introduced as a high voltage electrolyte additive for LiNi0.90 Co0.06 Mn0.04 O2 cathode. Based on detail in situ/ex situ characterization, this study proves that TFPB forms a protective solid-state interphase (SEI) layer on the Li-anode. Additionally, derivatives of TFPB are easily oxidatively decomposed to create a dense cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) film on the cathode. This CEI film effectively prevents the continuous oxidation of the electrolyte and mitigates the adverse effects of HF on the battery. Benefit from the protective SEI and CEI layer, the LiNi0.90 Co0.06 Mn0.04 O2 ||Li battery with a TFPB-containing electrolyte maintains an unprecedented level of performance, with a capacity retention of 89.1% after 100 cycles under the ultrahigh cut-off voltage of 4.6 V (vs Li/Li+ ).

14.
Ginekol Pol ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As a common postpartum complication, postpartum depression is an important social and health problem. Postpartum depression causes many changes in relevant indicators, such as inflammatory factors and thyroid hormones. However, the effects of inflammatory factors, thyroid hormones and xanthine on postpartum depression have not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to clarify the changes in the key indicators of postpartum depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 139 pregnant women were included in this study. Finally, only 56 patients completed the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EPDS) evaluation and blood sample collection. RESULTS: In the current study, 34 (60.7%) patients were normal, 10 (17.9%) women were depressive tendency and 12 (21.4%) women developed depression. Among the serum indexes detected, the expression levels of thyroid function indexes T3, T4 and TSH, and inflammatory factors, such as hs-CRP, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, in the EPDS ≥ 9 group were slightly higher than those in the normal group (EPDS < 9). Xanthine levels in the depression group (EPDS ≥ 13) were significantly higher than normal group (EPDS < 9). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that xanthine levels in patients with postpartum depression were increased significantly, but there were no significant changes in thyroid function and some inflammatory indexes. Therefore, timely detection and intervention of maternal xanthine may help reduce the incidence of postpartum depression.

15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(2): 1781-1795, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to mine ferroptosis genes associated with breast cancer based on bioinformatics and machine learning, and to perform in vitro functional validation. METHODS: Transcriptional and clinical data of breast cancer patients were downloaded from TCGA database and ferroptosis-related genes were obtained from FerrDB database. Significant differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes between breast cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues were selected. Functional enrichment analysis was performed on these differentially expressed genes. Four machine learning algorithms were used to identify key ferroptosis-related genes associated with breast cancer. A multi-factor Cox regression analysis was used to construct a risk score model for the key ferroptosis-related genes. The accuracy of the risk score model was validated using Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Finally, cell experiments were conducted to validate the biological functions of the key ferroptosis-related genes in breast cancer cells MCF-7, further confirming the accuracy of the analysis results. RESULTS: A total of 52 significantly differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes were identified, which were mainly enriched in cancer pathways, central carbon metabolism in cancer, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. Three key ferroptosis-related genes (TXNIP, SLC2A1, ATF3) closely related to the occurrence, development, and prognosis of breast cancer were identified using machine learning algorithms. The risk model constructed using these three key ferroptosis-related genes showed that the prognosis of the low-risk group was better than that of the high-risk group (P < 0.001). The ROC curve analysis showed that the prognosis model had good predictive ability. In vitro experiments validated the reliability of the bioinformatics and machine learning screening results. Downregulation of SLC2A1 expression promoted ferroptosis and suppressed tumor cell growth in breast cancer cells (P < 0.01), while overexpression of TXNIP or ATF3 had the same effect (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study identified three key ferroptosis-related genes (TXNIP, SLC2A1, ATF3) associated with breast cancer, which are closely related to the occurrence, development, and prognosis of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais , Humanos , Animais , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Ferroptose/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Biologia Computacional
16.
J Affect Disord ; 350: 728-740, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38246281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The binary major depressive disorder (MDD) diagnosis is inadequate and should never be used in research. AIMS: The study's objective is to explicate our novel precision nomothetic strategy for constructing depression models based on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), lifetime and current phenome, and biomarker (atherogenicity indices) scores. METHODS: This study assessed recurrence of illness (ROI: namely recurrence of depressive episodes and suicidal behaviors, SBs), lifetime and current SBs and the phenome of depression, neuroticism, dysthymia, anxiety disorders, and lipid biomarkers including apolipoprotein (Apo)A, ApoB, free cholesterol and cholesteryl esters, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol in 67 normal controls and 66 MDD patients. We computed atherogenic and reverse cholesterol transport indices. RESULTS: We were able to extract one factor from a) the lifetime phenome of depression comprising ROI, and traits such as neuroticism, dysthymia and anxiety disorders, and b) the phenome of the acute phase (based on depression, anxiety and quality of life scores). PLS analysis showed that 55.7 % of the variance in the lifetime + current phenome factor was explained by increased atherogenicity, neglect and sexual abuse, while atherogenicity partially mediated the effects of neglect. Cluster analysis generated a cluster of patients with major dysmood disorder, which was externally validated by increased atherogenicity and characterized by increased scores of all clinical features. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of depression should not be represented as a binary variable (MDD or not), but rather as multiple dimensional scores based on biomarkers, ROI, subclinical depression traits, and lifetime and current phenome scores including SBs.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Ideação Suicida , Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Biomarcadores , Colesterol
17.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 22, 2024 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among the safest procedures for anastomosis in pancreaticoduodenectomy, Blumgart pancreaticojejunostomy is associated with low rates of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and postoperative complications. However, this technique is difficult to perform during laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). This study presents a modified Blumgart method using a homemade crochet needle to facilitate laparoscopic pancreaticojejunostomy and evaluates its safety and reliability. METHODS: From February 2019 to October 2022, 96 LPD surgeries with the new technique were performed by the same surgeons in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The operative details (operative time, pancreaticojejunostomy time, POPF rate, postoperative complication rate, mortality rate) were analyzed along with clinical and pathological indicators (pancreatic duct diameter, pancreatic texture, and histopathological findings). RESULTS: There were 54 men and 42 women with a mean age of 63.38 ± 10.41 years. The intraoperative bleeding volume, operative time and postoperative length of hospital stay were 198.43 ± 132.97 mL, 445.30 ± 87.05 min and 13.68 ± 4.02 days, respectively. The operation time of pancreaticojejunostomy was 66.28 ± 10.17 min. Clinically relevant POPFs (grades B and C) occurred in 14.6% of patients. Only one patient had postoperative abdominal hemorrhage and was cured after reoperation. There were no operative or in-hospital deaths. With our proposed modification, the pancreatic duct and jejunal orifice are aligned correctly during duct-to-mucosa (DTM) after the application of external traction through the homemade crochet needle. The space between the posterior wall of pancreatic remnant and jejunal loop can be exposed by adjusting the tension of the external threads, which can facilitate DTM. CONCLUSIONS: A modified Blumgart method using a homemade crochet needle could be technically feasible and safe during LPD. A randomized control trial is needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Pancreaticojejunostomia , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Pancreaticojejunostomia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória , Laparoscopia/métodos
18.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e24012, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38283241

RESUMO

Background: Liver cancer had become the sixth most common cancer. Nitidine chloride (NC) has demonstrated promising anti-HCC properties; however, further elucidation of its mechanism of action is necessary. Methods: The anti-HCC targets of NC were identified through the utilization of multiple databases and ChIPs data analysis. The GO and KEGG analyses to determine the specific pathway affected by NC. The Huh 7 and Hep G2 cells were subjected to a 24-h treatment with NC, followed by evaluating the impact of NC on cell proliferation and cell cycle. The involvement of the p53/14-3-3 Sigma/CDK1 axis in HCC cells was confirmed by qPCR and WB analysis of the corresponding genes and proteins. Results: The GO and KEGG analysis showed the targets were related to cell cycle and p53 signaling pathways. In vitro experiments showed that NC significantly inhibited the proliferation of HCC cells and induced G2/M phase arrest. In addition, qPCR and WB experiments showed that the expression of p53 in HCC cells increased after NC intervention, while the expression of 14-3-3 Sigma and CDK1 decreased. Conclusion: NC can inhibit the proliferation of HCC cells and induce G2/M cell cycle arrest, potentially by regulating the p53/14-3-3 Sigma/CDK1 axis.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38285570

RESUMO

Preterm birth is the leading cause of death in children under five years old, and is associated with a wide sequence of complications in both short and long term. In view of rapid neurodevelopment during the neonatal period, preterm neonates may exhibit considerable functional alterations compared to term ones. However, the identified functional alterations in previous studies merely achieve moderate classification performance, while more accurate functional characteristics with satisfying discrimination ability for better diagnosis and therapeutic treatment is underexplored. To address this problem, we propose a novel brain structural connectivity (SC) guided Vision Transformer (SCG-ViT) to identify functional connectivity (FC) differences among three neonatal groups: preterm, preterm with early postnatal experience, and term. Particularly, inspired by the neuroscience-derived information, a novel patch token of SC/FC matrix is defined, and the SC matrix is then adopted as an effective mask into the ViT model to screen out input FC patch embeddings with weaker SC, and to focus on stronger ones for better classification and identification of FC differences among the three groups. The experimental results on multi-modal MRI data of 437 neonatal brains from publicly released Developing Human Connectome Project (dHCP) demonstrate that SCG-ViT achieves superior classification ability compared to baseline models, and successfully identifies holistically different FC patterns among the three groups. Moreover, these different FCs are significantly correlated with the differential gene expressions of the three groups. In summary, SCG-ViT provides a powerfully brain-guided pipeline of adopting large-scale and data-intensive deep learning models for medical imaging-based diagnosis.

20.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 49(2): 458-470, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225379

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a multi-parameter intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) scoring system and compare its diagnostic performance with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) liver imaging reporting and data system M (LR-M) criteria for differentiating ICC from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 62 high-risk patients with ICCs and 62 high-risk patients with matched HCCs between January 2022 and December 2022 from two institutions. The CEUS LR-M criteria was modified by adjusting the early wash-out onset (within 45 s) and the marked wash-out (within 3 min). Then, a multi-parameter ICC scoring system was established based on clinical features, B-mode ultrasound features, and modified LR-M criteria. RESULT: We found that elevated CA 19-9 (OR=12.647), lesion boundary (OR=11.601), peripheral rim-like arterial phase hyperenhancement (OR=23.654), early wash-out onset (OR=7.211), and marked wash-out (OR=19.605) were positive predictors of ICC, whereas elevated alpha-fetoprotein (OR=0.078) was a negative predictor. Based on these findings, an ICC scoring system was established. Compared with the modified LR-M and LR-M criteria, the ICC scoring system showed the highest area under the curve (0.911 vs. 0.831 and 0.750, both p<0.05) and specificity (0.935 vs. 0.774 and 0.565, both p<0.05). Moreover, the numbers of HCCs categorized as LR-M decreased from 27 (43.5%) to 14 (22.6%) and 4 (6.5%) using the modified LR-M criteria and ICC scoring system, respectively. CONCLUSION: The modified LR-M criteria-based multi-parameter ICC scoring system had the highest specificity for diagnosing ICC and reduced the number of HCC cases diagnosed as LR-M category.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Colangiocarcinoma , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...