Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.055
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1455-1466, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621929

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, recurrent, and nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disease, which is difficult to cure and has the risk of deterioration into related tumors. Long-term chronic inflammatory stimulation can increase the risk of cancerization. With the signaling pathway as a key link in the regulation of tumor microenvironments, nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) is an important regulator of intestinal inflammation. It can also be co-regulated as downstream factors of other signaling pathways, such as TLR4, MAPK, STAT, PI3K, and so on. At present, a large number of animal experiments have proved that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) can reduce inflammation by interfering with NF-κB-related signaling pathways, improve intestinal inflammation, and inhibit the progression of inflammation to tumors. This article reviewed the relationship between NF-κB-related signaling pathways and the intervention mechanism of TCM, so as to provide a reference for the clinical treatment of ulcerative colitis and the optimization of related cancer prevention strategies.

2.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 170, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598030

RESUMO

Currently, there is no specific perioperative nursing standard for RARC based on the ERAS concept. This retrospective study investigates to analyze the effect of RARC-ERAS nursing program on VTE and other clinical outcomes in patients undergoing RARC surgery. This retrospective study included 216 patients undergoing RARC surgery From January 1, 2022 to December 30, 2023, and propensity score adjustment analysis was applied. The study compares a control group receiving traditional nursing and an observation group receiving RARC-ERAS nursing program. Perioperative variables and other postoperative complications were retrieved from the hospital medical records. After propensity score matching, there were no significant differences in the demographic and clinical characteristics between the two groups (p > 0.05). The ERAS group exhibited aa significantly higher rate of postoperative unobstructed venous blood flow in the lower extremities by color Doppler ultrasound as compared to the control group (94.6% VS 80.4%, p = 0.042). Before anesthesia induction, lower preoperative anxiety and surgical information needs scores were observed in the ERAS group than in the control group (p < 0.05). Compared to the control group, the ERAS group demonstrated a shorter surgical duration, a lower incidence of perioperative hypothermia, less time needed for getting out of bed, anal exhaust, and for defecation after returning to the ward (p < 0.05). RARC-ERAS nursing program significantly increased the rate of postoperative unobstructed venous blood flow in the lower extremities by color doppler ultrasound, lower preoperative anxiety and intraoperative hypothermia in patients undergoing RARC. This nursing approach presents a valuable strategy for enhancing patient outcomes and merits further exploration in clinical practice.Trial registration:ChiCTR2400081118; http://www.chictr.org.cn , Principal investigator: Mang-mang He, Date of registration: Feb 22, 2024.


Assuntos
Hipotermia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Hospitais , Pacientes
3.
Prostate ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition, yet it is challenging for the average BPH patient to find credible and accurate information about BPH. Our goal is to evaluate and compare the accuracy and reproducibility of large language models (LLMs), including ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4, and the New Bing Chat in responding to a BPH frequently asked questions (FAQs) questionnaire. METHODS: A total of 45 questions related to BPH were categorized into basic and professional knowledge. Three LLM-ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4, and New Bing Chat-were utilized to generate responses to these questions. Responses were graded as comprehensive, correct but inadequate, mixed with incorrect/outdated data, or completely incorrect. Reproducibility was assessed by generating two responses for each question. All responses were reviewed and judged by experienced urologists. RESULTS: All three LLMs exhibited high accuracy in generating responses to questions, with accuracy rates ranging from 86.7% to 100%. However, there was no statistically significant difference in response accuracy among the three (p > 0.017 for all comparisons). Additionally, the accuracy of the LLMs' responses to the basic knowledge questions was roughly equivalent to that of the specialized knowledge questions, showing a difference of less than 3.5% (GPT-3.5: 90% vs. 86.7%; GPT-4: 96.7% vs. 95.6%; New Bing: 96.7% vs. 93.3%). Furthermore, all three LLMs demonstrated high reproducibility, with rates ranging from 93.3% to 97.8%. CONCLUSIONS: ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4, and New Bing Chat offer accurate and reproducible responses to BPH-related questions, establishing them as valuable resources for enhancing health literacy and supporting BPH patients in conjunction with healthcare professionals.

4.
Hepatol Int ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Performing a Transjugular intrahepatic portal system shunt (TIPS) in patients with portal vein cavernous transformation (CTPV) poses significant challenges. As an alternative, transjugular extrahepatic portal vein shunt (TEPS) may offer a potential solution for these patients. Nonetheless, the effectiveness and safety of TEPS remain uncertain. This case series study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TEPS in treating patients with CTPV portal hypertension complications. METHODS: The study encompassed a cohort of 22 patients diagnosed with CTPV who underwent TEPS procedures. Of these, 13 patients manifested recurrent hemorrhagic episodes subsequent to conventional therapies, 8 patients grappled with recurrent or refractory ascites, and 1 patient experienced acute bleeding but refused endoscopic treatment. Comprehensive postoperative monitoring was conducted for all patients to rigorously evaluate both the technical and clinical efficacy of the intervention, as well as long-term outcomes. RESULTS: The overall procedural success rate among the 22 patients was 95.5% (21/22).During the TEPS procedure, nine patients were guided by percutaneous splenic access, three patients were guided by percutaneous hepatic access, five patients were guided by transmesenteric vein access from the abdomen, and two patients were guided by catheter marking from the hepatic artery. Additionally, guidance for three patients was facilitated by pre-existing TIPS stents. The postoperative portal pressure gradient following TEPS demonstrated a statistically significant decrease compared to preoperative values (24.95 ± 3.19 mmHg vs. 11.48 ± 1.74 mmHg, p < 0.01).Although three patients encountered perioperative complications, their conditions ameliorated following symptomatic treatment, and no procedure-related fatalities occurred. During a median follow-up period of 14 months, spanning a range of 5 to 39 months, we observed four fatalities. Specifically, one death was attributed to hepatocellular carcinoma, while the remaining three were ascribed to chronic liver failure. During the follow-up period, no instances of shunt dysfunction were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Precision-guided TEPS appears to be a safe and efficacious intervention for the management of CTPV.

5.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 129, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The HAP, Six-and-Twelve, Up to Seven, and ALBI scores have been substantiated as reliable prognostic markers in patients presenting with intermediate and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment. Given this premise, our research aims to assess the predictive efficacy of these models in patients with intermediate and advanced HCC receiving a combination of TACE and Apatinib. Additionally, we have conducted a meticulous comparative analysis of these four scoring systems to discern their respective predictive capacities and efficacies in combined therapy. METHODS: Performing a retrospective analysis on the clinical data from 200 patients with intermediate and advanced HCC, we studied those who received TACE combined with Apatinib at the First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China between June 2018 and December 2022. To identify the factors affecting survival, the study performed univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses, with calculations of four different scores: HAP, Six-and-Twelve, Up to Seven, and ALBI. Lastly, Harrell's C-index was employed to compare the prognostic abilities of these scores. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazards model results revealed that the ALBI score, presence of portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT, )and tumor size are independent determinants of prognostic survival. The Kaplan-Meier analyses showed significant differences in survival rates among patients classified by the HAP, Six-and-Twelve, Up to Seven, and ALBI scoring methods. Of the evaluated systems, the HAP scoring demonstrated greater prognostic precision, with a Harrell's C-index of 0.742, surpassing the alternative models (P < 0.05). In addition, an analysis of the area under the AU-ROC curve confirms the remarkable superiority of the HAP score in predicting short-term survival outcomes. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms the predictive value of HAP, Six-and-Twelve, Up to Seven, and ALBI scores in intermediate to advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) patients receiving combined Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) and Apatinib therapy. Notably, the HAP model excels in predicting outcomes for this specific HCC subgroup.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Piridinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico
6.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 34(4): 1-11, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494878

RESUMO

In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the important role that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play in the immunological process of hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC). An increasing number of studies have shown that certain lncRNAs hold great potential as viable options for diagnosis and treatment in clinical practice. The primary objective of our investigation was to devise an immune lncRNA profile to explore the significance of immune-associated lncRNAs in the accurate diagnosis and prognosis of LIHC. Gene expression profiles of LIHC samples obtained from TCGA database were screened for immune-related genes. The optimal immune-related lncRNA signature was built via correlational analysis, univariate and multivariate Cox analysis. Then, the Kaplan-Meier plot, ROC curve, clinical analysis, gene set enrichment analysis, and principal component analysis were performed to evaluate the capability of the immune lncRNA signature as a prognostic indicator. Six long non-coding RNAs were identified via correlation analysis and Cox regression analysis considering their interactions with immune genes. Subsequently, tumor samples were categorized into two distinct risk groups based on different clinical outcomes. Stratification analysis indicated that the prognostic ability of this signature acted as an independent factor. The KaplanMeier method was employed to conduct survival analysis, results showed a significant difference between the two risk groups. The predictive performance of this signature was validated by principal component analysis (PCA). Additionally, data obtained from gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) revealed several potential biological processes in which these biomarkers may be involved. To summarize, this study demonstrated that this six-lncRNA signature could be identified as a potential factor that can independently Liver hepatocellular carcinoma, a prevalent malignancy globally, exhibits escalating rates of mortality and incidence [1, 2]. The primary approach utilized in LIHC administration is surgery, however, many patients are in the middle-advanced stage at first diagnosis and miss the chance of accepting surgery [3-5]. In a broad sense, liver is classified as a lymphoid organ [6]. It has been documented that during tumor progression, immunological tolerance is influenced by various factors including cytokines, hepatic nonparenchymal cells, dendritic cells, and lymphocytes, which actively modulate this process [7-10]. Meanwhile, immunology therapy comprising immune checkpoints, adoptive cellular immunotherapy (ACT) and vaccines has presented promising possibilities for the treatment of liver cancer (LIHC). These advancements have significantly broadened the horizons of LIHC treatment [11, 12]. Several studies have clarified that clinical application of immune checkpoint blockade programmed cell death-1(PD-1) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) has enhanced the survival rate of some advanced patients [13-15]. Consequently, there is an urgent requirement for the study of immune biomarkers that exhibit both high sensitivity and specificity in terms of diagnosing and predicting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC). Long noncoding RNA is a type of poorly conserved RNA in length from 200 base pairs to 100 kilobase pairs. This particular RNA is capable of modulating gene expression at four primary levels: epigenetic regulation, epigenetic transcriptional regulation, posttranscriptional regulation and translational regulation [16-21]. According to their location with respect to protein-coding mRNAs, lncRNAs can be predict the prognosis of LIHC patients.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438581

RESUMO

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) regulate pain pathways with various outcomes depending on receptor subtypes, neuron types, and locations. But it remains unknown whether α4ß2 nAChRs abundantly expressed in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) have potential to mitigate hyperalgesia in pain states. We observed that injection of nAChR antagonists into the SNr reduced pain thresholds in naïve mice, whereas injection of nAChR agonists into the SNr relieved hyperalgesia in mice, subjected to capsaicin injection into the lower hind leg, spinal nerve injury, chronic constriction injury, or chronic nicotine exposure. The analgesic effects of nAChR agonists were mimicked by optogenetic stimulation of cholinergic inputs from the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) to the SNr, but attenuated upon downregulation of α4 nAChRs on SNr GABAergic neurons and injection of dihydro-ß-erythroidine into the SNr. Chronic nicotine-induced hyperalgesia depended on α4 nAChRs in SNr GABAergic neurons and was associated with the reduction of ACh release in the SNr. Either activation of α4 nAChRs in the SNr or optogenetic stimulation of the PPN-SNr cholinergic projection mitigated chronic nicotine-induced hyperalgesia. Interestingly, mechanical stimulation-induced ACh release was significantly attenuated in mice subjected to either capsaicin injection into the lower hind leg or SNI. These results suggest that α4 nAChRs on GABAergic neurons mediate a cholinergic analgesic circuit in the SNr, and these receptors may be effective therapeutic targets to relieve hyperalgesia in acute and chronic pain, and chronic nicotine exposure.

8.
BMJ ; 384: e078581, 2024 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and safety of using magnetically guided capsule endoscopy with a detachable string (ds-MCE) for detecting and grading oesophagogastric varices in adults with cirrhosis. DESIGN: Prospective multicentre diagnostic accuracy study. SETTING: 14 medical centres in China. PARTICIPANTS: 607 adults (>18 years) with cirrhosis recruited between 7 January 2021 and 25 August 2022. Participants underwent ds-MCE (index test), followed by oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD, reference test) within 48 hours. The participants were divided into development and validation cohorts in a ratio of 2:1. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes were the sensitivity and specificity of ds-MCE in detecting oesophagogastric varices compared with OGD. Secondary outcomes included the sensitivity and specificity of ds-MCE for detecting high risk oesophageal varices and the diagnostic accuracy of ds-MCE for detecting high risk oesophagogastric varices, oesophageal varices, and gastric varices. RESULTS: ds-MCE and OGD examinations were completed in 582 (95.9%) of the 607 participants. Using OGD as the reference standard, ds-MCE had a sensitivity of 97.5% (95% confidence interval 95.5% to 98.7%) and specificity of 97.8% (94.4% to 99.1%) for detecting oesophagogastric varices (both P<0.001 compared with a prespecified 85% threshold). When using the optimal 18% threshold for luminal circumference of the oesophagus derived from the development cohort (n=393), the sensitivity and specificity of ds-MCE for detecting high risk oesophageal varices in the validation cohort (n=189) were 95.8% (89.7% to 98.4%) and 94.7% (88.2% to 97.7%), respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of ds-MCE for detecting high risk oesophagogastric varices, oesophageal varices, and gastric varices was 96.3% (92.6% to 98.2%), 96.9% (95.2% to 98.0%), and 96.7% (95.0% to 97.9%), respectively. Two serious adverse events occurred with OGD but none with ds-MCE. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that ds-MCE is a highly accurate and safe diagnostic tool for detecting and grading oesophagogastric varices and is a promising alternative to OGD for screening and surveillance of oesophagogastric varices in patients with cirrhosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03748563.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Varizes , Adulto , Humanos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, clinical and genetic characteristics of pediatric lymphoma patients of China with inborn errors of immunity (IEI)-related gene mutations, which have not been fully studied. METHOD: From Jan. 2020 to Mar. 2023, IEI-related genetic mutations were retrospectively explored in 108 children with lymphomas admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital by NGS. Genetic rule and clinical characteristics as well as treatment outcomes were compared between patients with or without IEI-related gene mutations. RESULTS: A total of 17 patients (15.7 %) harbored IEI-associated mutations, including 4 cases with X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP), 3 cases had mutations in tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 13B (TNFRSF13B), 2 cases with Activated p110 syndrome (APDS). Patients with IEI all had alteration of immunocompetence with decreased levels of immunoglobulin and lymphocyte subsets. Recurrent infection existed in 41.2 % of patients. The 18-month event-free survival (EFS) and the overall response rate (ORR) of patients with IEI are significantly lower than those without IEI (33.86% vs. 73.26 %, p = 0.011; 52.94% vs. 87.91 %, p = 0.002, respectively). In addition, patients with IEI had a higher progression disease (PD) rate of 23.5 % than those without IEI of 4.4 % (p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that IEI-associated lymphomas were much more common than originally appreciated in pediatric lymphomas, and those were insensitive to treatment and more likely to progress or relapse. The genomic analysis and a thorough review of the medical history of IEI can be used to distinguish them from pediatric lymphomas without IEI, which are beneficial for the early diagnosis and direct intervention.

10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 132: 111889, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531202

RESUMO

Host-directed therapy (HDT) is a new adjuvant strategy that interfere with host cell factors that are required by a pathogen for replication or persistence. In this study, we assessed the effect of dehydrozaluzanin C-derivative (DHZD), a modified compound from dehydrozaluzanin C (DHZC), as a potential HDT agent for severe infection. LPS-induced septic mouse model and Carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infection mouse model was used for testing in vivo. RAW264.7 cells, mouse primary macrophages, and DCs were used for in vitro experiments. Dexamethasone (DXM) was used as a positive control agent. DHZD ameliorated tissue damage (lung, kidney, and liver) and excessive inflammatory response induced by LPS or CRKP infection in mice. Also, DHZD improved the hypothermic symptoms of acute peritonitis induced by CRKP, inhibited heat-killed CRKP (HK-CRKP)-induced inflammatory response in macrophages, and upregulated the proportions of phagocytic cell types in lungs. In vitro data suggested that DHZD decreases LPS-stimulated expression of IL-6, TNF-α and MCP-1 via PI3K/Akt/p70S6K signaling pathway in macrophages. Interestingly, the combined treatment group of DXM and DHZD had a higher survival rate and lower level of IL-6 than those of the DXM-treated group; the combination of DHZD and DXM played a synergistic role in decreasing IL-6 secretion in sera. Moreover, the phagocytic receptor CD36 was increased by DHZD in macrophages, which was accompanied by increased bacterial phagocytosis in a clathrin- and actin-dependent manner. This data suggests that DHZD may be a potential drug candidate for treating bacterial infections.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470522

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Combining angiogenesis inhibitors may enhance therapeutic efficacy synergistically after TACE refractoriness. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TACE-TKI) with TKI only for patients with TACE-refractory hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: From January 2019 to March 2022, 101 HCC patients confirmed with TACE-refractory were retrospectively reviewed in the study. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), tumor response, and adverse events (AEs) were evaluated between groups. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients undergoing TACE-TKI, while 32 patients receiving TKI alone were included. The objective response rate (ORR) was higher in the TACE-TKI group compared with the TKI group (55.8% vs. 25.0%, P = 0.006). The median PFS in the TACE-TKI group was significantly longer than that in the TKI group (7.6 months vs. 4.9 months, P = 0.018). The median OS was non reach to statistical longer than that in the TKI alone group (19.5 months vs. 17.7 months, P = 0.055). Subgroup analysis showed that TACE-TKI treatment resulted in a significantly longer median PFS and OS for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B patients (PFS 11.8 months vs. 5.1 months, P = 0.017; OS 30.3 months vs. 19.4 months, P = 0.022). CONCLUSION: For patients with TACE-refractory HCC, TACE-TKI appeared to be superior to TKI monotherapy with regard to tumor control and PFS. Furthermore, for the BCLC stage B subgroup, TACE-TKI therapy was superior to TKI monotherapy in both OS and PFS.

12.
Parasitol Res ; 123(2): 145, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418741

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic protozoan parasite that is highly prevalent in the human population and can lead to adverse health consequences in immunocompromised patients and pregnant women. Noncoding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs), play important regulatory roles in the pathogenesis of many infections. However, the differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs and circRNAs implicated in the host cell response during the lytic cycle of T. gondii are unknown. In this study, we profiled the expression of miRNAs and circRNAs in human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) at different time points after T. gondii infection using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). We identified a total of 7, 7, 27, 45, 70, 148, 203, and 217 DEmiRNAs and 276, 355, 782, 1863, 1738, 6336, 1229, and 1680 DEcircRNAs at 1.5, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h post infection (hpi), respectively. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses revealed that the DE transcripts were enriched in immune response, apoptosis, signal transduction, and metabolism-related pathways. These findings provide new insight into the involvement of miRNAs and circRNAs in the host response to T. gondii infection.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Toxoplasma , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , 60414 , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes
13.
Arab J Gastroenterol ; 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Esophageal restenosis is a serious complication after esophageal stent placement, which influences the clinical prognosis of stent implantation and the patient's quality of life. TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway plays an important role in the development of the eosinophilic esophagitis and scar repair after skin trauma. However, the role of TGF-ß1/Smads in the development of esophageal restenosis after esophageal stent placement remains unknown. Our study aimed to investigate whether TGF-ß1/Smads plays an important role in the development of esophageal restenosis after esophageal stent, and whether the exogenous TGF-ß1 inhibitor supplement could ameliorate the esophageal restenosis after esophageal stent. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We established the model of esophageal restenosis after esophageal stenting in rats, and determined the expression levels of TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway and the relevant markers of fibroblast activation by immunochemistry (IHC), Western Blot and real time qPCR. Those all the indicators were also determined in esophageal fibroblast when exposed to rhTGF-ß1 with or without TGF-ß1 inhibitor P144. RESULTS: The serum level of IL-1ß and TNFα were significantly increased in stent implantation group compared to blank control group, and obviously ameliorated when treated with P144. The TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway and the relevant markers of fibroblast activation were significantly increased in stent implantation group compared to blank control group, and obviously ameliorated when treated with P144. Those all the indicators were significantly increased when exposed to rhTGF-ß1, and obviously decreased when treated with P144. CONCLUSIONS: TGF-ß1 Inhibitor P144 could protect against benign restenosis after esophageal stenting by down-regulating the expression levels of relevant markers of fibroblast activation through TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway inhibition, and may be used as a novel therapy for benign restenosis after esophageal stenting.

14.
Parasit Vectors ; 17(1): 59, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an important protozoan pathogen with medical and veterinary importance worldwide. Drugs currently used for treatment of toxoplasmosis are less effective and sometimes cause serious side effects. There is an urgent need for the development of more effective drugs with relatively low toxicity. METHODS: The effect of tylosin on the viability of host cells was measured using CCK8 assays. To assess the inhibition of tylosin on T. gondii proliferation, a real-time PCR targeting the B1 gene was developed for T. gondii detection and quantification. Total RNA was extracted from parasites treated with tylosin and then subjected to transcriptome analysis by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Finally, murine infection models of toxoplasmosis were used to evaluate the protective efficacy of tylosin against T. gondii virulent RH strain or avirulent ME49 strain. RESULTS: We found that tylosin displayed low host toxicity, and its 50% inhibitory concentration was 175.3 µM. Tylsoin also inhibited intracellular T. gondii tachyzoite proliferation, with a 50% effective concentration of 9.759 µM. Transcriptome analysis showed that tylosin remarkably perturbed the gene expression of T. gondii, and genes involved in "ribosome biogenesis (GO:0042254)" and "ribosome (GO:0005840)" were significantly dys-regulated. In a murine model, tylosin treatment alone (100 mg/kg, i.p.) or in combination with sulfadiazine sodium (200 mg/kg, i.g.) significantly prolonged the survival time and raised the survival rate of animals infected with T. gondii virulent RH or avirulent ME49 strain. Meanwhile, treatment with tylosin significantly decreased the parasite burdens in multiple organs and decreased the spleen index of mice with acute toxoplasmosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that tylosin exhibited potency against T. gondii both in vitro and in vivo, which offers promise for treatment of human toxoplasmosis.


Assuntos
Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Tilosina/farmacologia , Tilosina/uso terapêutico , Toxoplasmose/tratamento farmacológico , Toxoplasmose/parasitologia , Sulfadiazina/farmacologia , Sulfadiazina/uso terapêutico , Baço
15.
Int J Biometeorol ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326654

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the associations between environmental temperature and schizophrenia admissions in Liuzhou, China. A Poisson generalized linear model combined with a distributed lag nonlinear model was used to analyze the effects of daily mean temperature on schizophrenia admissions from 2013 to 2020 in Liuzhou. Additionally, subgroup analyses were conducted to investigate possible modifications stratified by gender, marital status, and age. In this study, 10,420 schizophrenia admissions were included. The relative risks of schizophrenia admissions increased as the temperature rose, and the lag effects of high temperature on schizophrenia admissions were observed when the daily mean temperature reached 21.65°C. The largest single effect was observed at lag0, while the largest cumulative effect was observed at lag6. The single effects of high temperatures on schizophrenia admissions were statistically significant in both males and females, but the cumulative effects were statistically significant only in males, with the greatest effect at lag0-7. The single effect of high temperatures on admissions for unmarried schizophrenics was greatest at lag5, while the maximum cumulative effect for unmarried schizophrenia was observed at lag0-7. The single effects of high temperatures on schizophrenia admissions were observed in those aged 0-20, 21-40, and 41-60. The cumulative effects for schizophrenics aged 21-40 were observed from lag0-3 to lag0-7, with the maximum effect at lag0-7. In conclusion, the risk of schizophrenia admissions increased as the environmental temperature increased. The schizophrenics who were unmarried appeared to be more vulnerable to the single and cumulative effects of high temperature.

16.
Health Commun ; : 1-12, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326733

RESUMO

Persuasion research often suggests combining different message formats such as facts, statistics, and narratives in message design to maximize persuasive effects. However, the effect of the combination, especially between fact-based arguments and long-form narratives, varies depending on many factors which have been understudied. Our study therefore tested how argument strength, argument position, and target behavior interacted in impacting behavioral outcomes for such a combined message about skin cancer. Findings from our experiment revealed a significant three-way interaction, as weak arguments were more effective when embedding them in a long-form narrative, whereas strong arguments were more impactful when placing them before the narrative. Such an interaction emerged only when messages recommended sunscreen use but not when recommending skin-self exams. We discussed the implications of the findings for message design about skin cancer prevention and detection.

17.
Gen Psychiatr ; 37(1): e101311, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390237

RESUMO

Background: The prospective association of dietary thiamine intake with the risk of cognitive decline among the general older adults remains uncertain. Aims: To investigate the association between dietary thiamine intake and cognitive decline in cognitively healthy, older Chinese individuals. Methods: The study included a total of 3106 participants capable of completing repeated cognitive function tests. Dietary nutrient intake information was collected through 3-day dietary recalls and using a 3-day food-weighed method to assess cooking oil and condiment consumption. Cognitive decline was defined as the 5-year decline rate in global or composite cognitive scores based on a subset of items from the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-modified. Results: The median follow-up duration was 5.9 years. There was a J-shaped relationship between dietary thiamine intake and the 5-year decline rate in global and composite cognitive scores, with an inflection point of 0.68 mg/day (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.56 to 0.80) and a minimal risk at 0.60-1.00 mg/day of dietary thiamine intake. Before the inflection point, thiamine intake was not significantly associated with cognitive decline. Beyond the inflection point, each unit increase in thiamine intake (mg/day) was associated with a significant decrease of 4.24 (95% CI: 2.22 to 6.27) points in the global score and 0.49 (95% CI: 0.23 to 0.76) standard units in the composite score within 5 years. A stronger positive association between thiamine intake and cognitive decline was observed in those with hypertension, obesity and those who were non-smokers (all p<0.05). Conclusions: This study revealed a J-shaped association between dietary thiamine intake and cognitive decline in cognitively healthy, older Chinese individuals, with an inflection point at 0.68 mg/day and a minimal risk at 0.60-1.00 mg/day of dietary thiamine intake.

18.
Acad Radiol ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418346

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the potential of quantitative Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) parameters to distinguish between graft dysfunction due to rejection and non-rejection in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 50 kidney transplant patients who presented elevated serum creatinine or proteinuria were analyzed. They were categorized as rejection or non-rejection based on biopsy outcomes. These classifications were applied in both derivation (n = 33) and validation cohorts (n = 17). Prior to the biopsy, all patients underwent a CEUS. Quantitative parameters derived from the CEUS were further analyzed for their consistency and reliability. Additionally, the relationship between the Banff scores, a standard for diagnosing transplant rejections, and these CEUS parameters was explored. RESULTS: Significant differences between rejection and non-rejection groups were observed in the CEUS parameters of derivation cohorts. Specifically, Peak Intensity (PI), 1/2 Descending Time (DT/2), Area Under Curve (AUC), and Mean Transit Time (MTT) stood out. Sensitivity and specificity for these parameters were 76.5% and 87.5% for PI, 76.5% and 81.2% for DT/2, 76.5% and 87.5% for AUC, and 68.8% and 94.1% for MTT, respectively. DT/2 and MTT showed superior interobserver agreement compared to PI and AUC. When extrapolating the cutoff values from the derivation cohort to the validation group, DT/2 and AUC exhibited optimal diagnostic precision with positive and negative predictive values being 91.7% vs. 100% and 100% vs. 85.7%, respectively. Additionally, DT/2 effectively differentiated between mild and moderate to severe microvascular inflammation, pivotal in diagnosing antibody-mediated renal transplant rejection. CONCLUSION: DT/2 from CEUS parameters presents as a reliable tool to differentiate rejection from non-rejection causes in renal transplant dysfunction. Yet, large-scale, multi-center studies are essential for further validation.

19.
Sci Adv ; 10(9): eadi7404, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416831

RESUMO

PTPN21 belongs to the four-point-one, ezrin, radixin, moesin (FERM) domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) and plays important roles in cytoskeleton-associated cellular processes like cell adhesion, motility, and cargo transport. Because of the presence of a WPE loop instead of a WPD loop in the phosphatase domain, it is often considered to lack phosphatase activity. However, many of PTPN21's biological functions require its catalytic activity. To reconcile these findings, we have determined the structures of individual PTPN21 FERM, PTP domains, and a complex between FERM-PTP. Combined with biochemical analysis, we have found that PTPN21 PTP is weakly active and is autoinhibited by association with its FERM domain. Disruption of FERM-PTP interaction results in enhanced ERK activation. The oncogenic HPV18 E7 protein binds to PTP at the same location as PTPN21 FERM, indicating that it may act by displacing the FERM domain from PTP. Our results provide mechanistic insight into PTPN21 and benefit functional studies of PTPN21-mediated processes.


Assuntos
Domínios FERM , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo
20.
Langmuir ; 40(10): 5378-5390, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421604

RESUMO

Montmorillonite (Mt) is a hydrophilic clay mineral with a generally high cationic exchange capacity and a remarkable swellability in water. Yet the application of Mt in cosmetics, paints, polymer nanocomposites, drug delivery systems, and tissue engineering are limited due to its unfavorable swelling and dispersion in alcohol/water mixtures. Improving the swellability and dispersibility of Mt in mixtures of ethanol and water remains challenging. Here, we showed that the swellability and dispersibility of Mt in ethanol/water could be significantly enhanced when lithium-Mt (Li-Mt) was intercalated by zwitterionic surfactant lauramidopropyl betaine (LPB). The binding mechanism of the LPB intercalate to Li-Mt originated from a combination of van der Waals forces, ion-dipole interaction, and electrostatic attraction. Due to the synergistic effect of Li+ and LPB, the comodified Mt (LPB-Li-Mt) exhibited excellent swellability, dispersibility, and rheological properties. The structure, morphology, zeta potential, dispersibility, and gel-forming performance of LPB-Li-Mt can be modulated by the concentrations of ethanol in ethanol/water mixtures. When the ethanol concentration increased to 75% v/v ethanol solution, the free swelling of LPB-Li-Mt remained above 80%. The results from X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission spectrometry, and small-angle X-ray scattering confirmed the full exfoliation of LPB-Li-Mt at 75% (v/v) ethanol solution. The formation of a stable colloidal LPB-Li-Mt dispersion in a mixture of ethanol/water might be derived from the association between water molecules and the Li+, the hydrophobic interaction, and the ion-dipole of ethanol with the LPB molecules. The findings provide a guide for improving dispersion and swelling of Mt and modified ones in water-miscible organic solvents.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...