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1.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731492

RESUMO

Carbon quantum dots are a novel form of carbon material. They offer numerous benefits including particle size adjustability, light resistance, ease of functionalization, low toxicity, excellent biocompatibility, and high-water solubility, as well as their easy accessibility of raw materials. Carbon quantum dots have been widely used in various fields. The preparation methods employed are predominantly top-down methods such as arc discharge, laser ablation, electrochemical and chemical oxidation, as well as bottom-up methods such as templates, microwave, and hydrothermal techniques. This article provides an overview of the properties, preparation methods, raw materials for preparation, and the heteroatom doping of carbon quantum dots, and it summarizes the applications in related fields, such as optoelectronics, bioimaging, drug delivery, cancer therapy, sensors, and environmental remediation. Finally, currently encountered issues of carbon quantum dots are presented. The latest research progress in synthesis and application, as well as the challenges outlined in this review, can help and encourage future research on carbon quantum dots.

2.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30512, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737263

RESUMO

Background: Although adhesive capsulitis (AC) is a common condition, the pathological mechanisms remain understudied. The purpose of our research was to evaluate variations in gene expression across the entire genome in the subacromial bursa tissue of individuals with rotator cuff tears (RCT), with or without AC, and to explore the factors that may influence the occurrence and progression of AC. Methods: Transcription profiles of subacromial bursa samples from 12 RCT patients, of whom 6 had also AC, were evaluated. Data were generated using RNA-seq. DESeq2 was utilized to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in both groups. In order to conduct a more in-depth examination of the DEGs, we performed Gene Ontology (GO) functional enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. A network of interactions between proteins was built, and the central genes were determined using Cytoscape. The hub genes were confirmed through qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results: 324 of the 16,251 detected genes were identified as DEGs. Analysis of GO functional enrichment showed that the DEGs were enriched in domains of biological process, molecule function and cellular component. Analysis of KEGG pathways revealed enrichment of DEGs in pathways like IL-17 signaling and ECM-receptor interaction. We verified that the association between AC and the increase in expression of the PPI network hub genes. Conclusion: This study investigated the transcriptome differences of subacromial bursa in RCT patients with or without AC. Using bioinformatics technology, we identified the DEGs and screened out the hub genes. The research enhanced the data on gene expression profiles of DEGs in the subacromial bursa tissue of patients with RCT, offering fresh perspectives on the regulation of gene transcription.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30112, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737287

RESUMO

Background: The reasons for gastrointestinal bleeding among patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) were complex. Here we present an unusual case of life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding caused by a cytomegalovirus-induced duodenal ulcer in an AIDS patient. Case presentation: A 31-year-old male with AIDS was admitted on July 18, 2023, complaining of abdominal pain for 38 days and intermittent hematochezia for 12 days. During his hospitalization, gastrointestinal endoscopy attributed gastrointestinal bleeding to a giant duodenal ulcer. Furthermore, cytomegalovirus(CMV) infection was confirmed as the reason for the ulcer through metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGs), hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining for the biopsy tissue. The patient's gastrointestinal bleeding was stopped by interventional embolization. Following a 4-week course of anti-CMV treatment, the giant duodenal ulcer was cured. Conclusions: For AIDS patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, the CMV-induced gastrointestinal ulcer should be considered. Comprehensive mothods (mNGs, HE staining and IHC staining for biopsy tissue) were benefit for confirmed diagnosis. Beside anti-CMV treatment, the interventional embolization is a choice for hemostasis.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2403361, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728529

RESUMO

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) are of great significance as sustainable power sources that harvest energy from the human body and environment. Nevertheless, due to TENG's impedance-dependent output voltage characteristics, in traditional strategy (TS), real-timely powering a sensor with TENG has a poor sensing on/off ratio (or response), and directly charging a capacitor with TENG shows a low charging efficiency. This degraded real-time powering and charging performance of TENG compared to a commercial constant voltage source has been a huge challenge of the TENG field for a long time. Here, we propose a synchronous switching strategy (SSS) for TENG to real-timely power sensors or charge capacitors without degrading its performance. Compared with TS, this new strategy enables sensors to have 5-7 times sensing on/off ratio enhancement when using TENG as a power source, reaching the powering ability of a commercial constant voltage source, it makes the powering performance of TENG stable under different driving frequency, improving the powering robustness of TENG. In addition, compared with TS, SSS can also enhance the charging efficiency of TENG in every charging cycle by up to 2.4 times when charging capacitors. This work contributes to real-timely powering or charging the distributed, mobile and wireless electronics using TENG. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 239: 113956, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733647

RESUMO

The early stages of osteoarthritis (OA) in the joints are typically characterized by two key factors: the dysfunction of articular cartilage lubrication and inflammation resulting from the excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Synthetic injectable macromolecular materials present great potential for preventing the progression of early OA. In this study, to mimic the excellent lubricity of brush-like aggregates found in natural synovial fluid, we develop a novel macromolecular biolubricant (CS-PS-DA) by integrating adhesion and hydration groups onto backbone of natural biomacromolecules. CS-PS-DA exhibits a strong affinity for cartilage surfaces, enabling the formation of a stable lubrication layer at the sliding interface of degraded cartilages to restore joint lubrication performance. In vitro results from ROS scavenging and anti-inflammatory experiments indicate the great advantage of CS-PS-DA to decrease the levels of proinflammatory cytokines by inhibiting ROS overproduction. Finally, in vivo rats OA model demonstrates that intra-cavitary injection of CS-PS-DA could effectively resist cartilage wear and mitigated inflammation in the joints. This novel biolubricant provides a new and timely strategy for the treatment of OA.

6.
Anal Methods ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742397

RESUMO

A sensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor for silver ions (Ag+) was developed based on Zn-Co doped C and CdS quantum dot (CdS QD) nanomaterials. Hydrophobic modified sodium alginate (HMA), which could stabilize and improve the PEC performance of CdS QDs, was also used for the construction of PEC sensors. Especially, Zn-Co doped C, CdS QDs and HMA were sequentially modified onto an electrode surface via the drop-coating method, and a C base rich DNA strand was then immobilized onto the modified electrode. As the C base in DNA specifically recognized Ag+, it formed a C-Ag+-C complex in the presence of Ag+, which created a spatial steric hindrance, resulting in a reduced PEC response. The sensing platform is sensitive to Ag+ in the range of 10.0 fM to 0.10 µM, with a limit of detection of 3.99 fM. This work offers an ideal platform to determine trace heavy metal ions in environmental monitoring and bioanalysis.

7.
Comput Biol Med ; 176: 108609, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772056

RESUMO

Semi-supervised medical image segmentation presents a compelling approach to streamline large-scale image analysis, alleviating annotation burdens while maintaining comparable performance. Despite recent strides in cross-supervised training paradigms, challenges persist in addressing sub-network disagreement and training efficiency and reliability. In response, our paper introduces a novel cross-supervised learning framework, Quality-driven Deep Cross-supervised Learning Network (QDC-Net). QDC-Net incorporates both an evidential sub-network and an vanilla sub-network, leveraging their complementary strengths to effectively handle disagreement. To enable the reliability and efficiency of semi-supervised training, we introduce a real-time quality estimation of the model's segmentation performance and propose a directional cross-training approach through the design of directional weights. We further design a truncated form of sample-wise loss weighting to mitigate the impact of inaccurate predictions and collapsed samples in semi-supervised training. Extensive experiments on LA and Pancreas-CT datasets demonstrate that QDC-Net surpasses other state-of-the-art methods in semi-supervised medical image segmentation. Code release is available at https://github.com/Medsemiseg.

8.
Redox Biol ; 73: 103196, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772149

RESUMO

Hippocampal neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) are highly vulnerable to different stress stimuli, resulting in adult neurogenesis decline and eventual cognitive defects. Our previous study demonstrated that NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 6 (Nlrp6) highly expressed in NSPCs played a critical role in sustaining hippocampal neurogenesis to resist stress-induced depression, but the underlying mechnistms are still unclear. Here, we found that Nlrp6 depletion led to cognitive defects and hippocampal NSPC loss in mice. RNA-sequencing analysis of the primary NSPCs revealed that Nlrp6 deficiency altered gene expression profiles of mitochondrial energy generation and ferroptotic process. Upon siNlrp6 transfection, as well as corticosterone (CORT) exposure, downregulation of Nlrp6 suppressed retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-1)/mitochondrial antiviral signaling proteins (MAVS)-mediated autophagy, but drove NSPC ferroptotic death. More interesting, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) upregulated Nlrp6 expression and promoted RIG-1/MAVS-mediated mitophagy, preventing CORT-induced NSPC ferroptosis. Our study further demonstrates that Nlrp6 should be a sensor for RIG-1/MAVS-mediated mitophagy and play a critical role in maintain mitochondrial homeostasis of hippocampal NSPCs. These results suggests that Nlrp6 should be a potential drug target to combat neurodegenerative diseases relative with chronic stress.

9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732838

RESUMO

Currently, the visual detection of a target's shock flow field through background schlieren technology is a novel detection system. However, there are very few studies on the long-distance background schlieren imaging mechanism and its application in system design in the field of target detection. This paper proposes a design optimization method for space-based BOS detection system metrics. By establishing sensitivity evaluation models and image signal-to-noise ratio evaluation models for BOS detection systems, the influence of the different flight parameters and key parameters of BOS systems (detection spectral bands and spatial resolution) on target detection efficiency is explored. Furthermore, an optimization method based on the image signal-to-noise ratio of the BOS system and the overall metrics for specific scenarios are provided. The simulation results demonstrate that under satellite background images and speckle background images, the system metrics can detect and identify the schlieren of high-speed targets, with better applicability to disordered and complex real background images. This research contributes to advancing the development of high-speed target detection technology based on BOS.

10.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 12: goae044, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766494

RESUMO

Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related perforation is a rare and serious adverse event. The aim of our study was to evaluate the risk factors and management of ERCP-related perforation, and to further determine the predictive factors associated with perforation outcome. Methods: A total of 27,018 ERCP procedures performed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University (Nanchang, China) between January 2007 and March 2022 were included in the investigation of ERCP-related perforation. Medical records and endoscopic data were extracted to analyse the risk factors, management, and clinical outcome of ERCP-related perforation. Results: Seventy-six patients (0.28%) were identified as having experienced perforation following ERCP. Advanced age, Billroth II anatomy, precut sphincterotomy, and papillary balloon dilatation were significantly associated with ERCP-related perforation. Most patients with perforation (n = 65) were recognized immediately during ERCP whereas 11 were recognized later on. The delay in recognition primarily resulted from stent migration (n = 9). In addition, 12 patients experienced poor clinical outcome including death or hospice discharge (n = 3), ICU admission for >3 days (n = 6), and prolonged hospital stay for >1 month due to perforation (n = 3). Cancer and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) are associated with a higher risk of poor outcome. Conclusions: Advanced age, Billroth II anatomy, precut sphincterotomy, and balloon dilation increase the risk of ERCP-related perforation whereas cancer and SIRS independently predicted poor clinical outcome.

11.
Exp Cell Res ; 439(1): 114089, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740166

RESUMO

Nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) apoptosis and inflammation are the extremely critical factors of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Nevertheless, the underlying procedure remains mysterious. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that promotes inflammation and has been demonstrated to have a significant impact on apoptosis and inflammation. For this research, we employed a model of NPCs degeneration stimulated by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and a rat acupuncture IVDD model to examine the role of MIF in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Initially, we verified that there was a significant rise of MIF expression in the NP tissues of individuals with IVDD, as well as in rat models of IVDD. Furthermore, this augmented expression of MIF was similarly evident in degenerated NPCs. Afterwards, it was discovered that ISO-1, a MIF inhibitor, effectively decreased the quantity of cells undergoing apoptosis and inhibited the release of inflammatory molecules (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6). Furthermore, it has been shown that the PI3K/Akt pathway plays a vital part in the regulation of NPCs degeneration by MIF. Ultimately, we showcased that the IVDD process was impacted by the MIF inhibitor in the rat model. In summary, our experimental results substantiate the significant involvement of MIF in the degeneration of NPCs, and inhibiting MIF activity can effectively mitigate IVDD.

12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2402759, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704681

RESUMO

Soft on-skin electrodes play an important role in wearable technologies, requiring attributes such as wearing comfort, high conductivity, and gas permeability. However, conventional fabrication methods often compromise simplicity, cost-effectiveness, or mechanical resilience. In this study, a mechanically robust and gas-permeable on-skin electrode is presented that incorporates Flash Graphene (FG) integrated with a bioinspired armor design. FG, synthesized through Flash Joule Heating process, offers a small-sized and turbostratic arrangement that is ideal for the assembly of a conductive network with nanopore structures. Screen-printing is used to embed the FG assembly into the framework of polypropylene melt-blown nonwoven fabrics (PPMF), forming a soft on-skin electrode with low sheet resistance (125.2 ± 4.7 Ω/□) and high gas permeability (≈10.08 mg cm⁻2 h⁻¹). The "armor" framework ensures enduring mechanical stability through adhesion, washability, and 10,000 cycles of mechanical contact friction tests. Demonstrating capabilities in electrocardiogram (ECG) and electromyogram (EMG) monitoring, along with serving as a self-powered triboelectric sensor, the FG/PPMF electrode holds promise for scalable, high-performance flexible sensing applications, thereby enriching the landscape of integrated wearable technologies.

13.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3691, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693179

RESUMO

Voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels mediate a plethora of electrical activities. NaV channels govern cellular excitability in response to depolarizing stimuli. Inactivation is an intrinsic property of NaV channels that regulates cellular excitability by controlling the channel availability. The fast inactivation, mediated by the Ile-Phe-Met (IFM) motif and the N-terminal helix (N-helix), has been well-characterized. However, the molecular mechanism underlying NaV channel slow inactivation remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that the removal of the N-helix of NaVEh (NaVEhΔN) results in a slow-inactivated channel, and present cryo-EM structure of NaVEhΔN in a potential slow-inactivated state. The structure features a closed activation gate and a dilated selectivity filter (SF), indicating that the upper SF and the inner gate could serve as a gate for slow inactivation. In comparison to the NaVEh structure, NaVEhΔN undergoes marked conformational shifts on the intracellular side. Together, our results provide important mechanistic insights into NaV channel slow inactivation.


Assuntos
Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Ativação do Canal Iônico , Canais de Sódio Disparados por Voltagem , Canais de Sódio Disparados por Voltagem/metabolismo , Canais de Sódio Disparados por Voltagem/química , Humanos , Animais , Células HEK293 , Modelos Moleculares
14.
Brain Behav ; : e3304, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (cTCD) study has been established as one of the most common investigations for detecting right-to-left shunt (RLS). Although the conventional Valsalva maneuver (c-VM) has been used to increase the sensitivity of cTCD for RLS, efforts are still needed to improve the detection rate further. We proposed a new provocation method with a syringe-modified Valsalva maneuver (sm-VM) during cTCD and compared the efficacy of this strategy with cTCD measured at resting and with the provocation of c-VM. METHODS: Consecutive patients with suspicion of RLS who underwent cTCD in our institution between September 27, 2021, and April 1, 2022, were included in this study. Examination of cTCD was performed separately at the resting state and provoked with c-VM and sm-VM. The overall proportion of patients with RLS and their distribution with different RLS grades were compared. RESULTS: A total of 389 patients (mean age: 49.37 years, male: 52.2%) were included in this study. The positive rate for RLS was significantly higher for cTCD detected with sm-VM than those detected at resting state and with c-VM (46.8% vs. 21.6% and 34.2%, all p < .05). Besides, cTCD detected with sm-VM was also associated with a higher proportion of patients with grade III RLS than those detected at resting state and with c-VM (11.3% vs. 1.8% and 0%, all p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to cTCD detected at resting state and with c-VM, cTCD with sm-VM could further increase the positive detection rate of RLS.

15.
J Dermatol Sci ; 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) damage is closely related to skin photoaging and many skin diseases, including dermatic tumors. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is an important epigenetic regulatory mechanism. However, the role of m6A methylation in apoptosis induced by repeated UV irradiation has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: To explore m6A methylation changes and regulatory mechanisms in the repeated UV-induced skin damage process, especially apoptosis. METHODS: HaCaT cells and BALB/c-Nu nude mice were exposed to repeated UVB/UVA+UVB irradiation. Colorimetry and flow cytometry were used to measure cellular viability and apoptosis. m6A-modified genes were detected via colorimetry and methylated RNA immunoprecipitation (MeRIP) sequencing. Methyltransferases and demethylases were detected via RT-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Transfection of siRNA and plasmid was performed to knock down or overexpress the selected genes. RESULTS: After UVB irradiation, 861 m6A peaks were increased and 425 m6A peaks were decreased in HaCaT cells. The differentially modified genes were enriched in apoptosis-related pathways. The m6A demethylase FTO was decreased in both HaCaT cells and mouse skin after UV damage. Overexpressing FTO could improve cell viability, inhibit apoptosis and decrease RNA-m6A methylation, including LPCAT3-m6A, which increase LPCAT3 expression, cell viability promotion and apoptosis inhibition. CONCLUSION: Our study identified the cell m6A methylation change lists after repeated UVB irradiation, and revealed that FTO and LPCAT3 play key roles in the m6A methylation pathogenesis of UV-induced skin cell apoptosis. FTO-m6A-LPCAT3 might serve as a novel upstream target for preventing and treating photoaging and UV-induced skin diseases.

16.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1669-1676, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei), occurs endemically in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia and is a serious opportunistic infection associated with a high mortality rate. CASE SUMMARY: A 58-year-old woman presented with scattered erythema on the skin of her limbs, followed by fever and seizures. B. pseudomallei was isolated successively from the patient's urine, blood, and pus. Magnetic resonance imaging showed abscess formation involving the right forehead and the right frontal region. Subsequently, abscess resection and drainage were performed. The patient showed no signs of relapse after 4 months of follow-up visits post-treatment. CONCLUSION: We present here a unique case of multi-systemic melioidosis that occurs in non-endemic regions in a patient who had no recent travel history. Hence, it is critical to enhance awareness of melioidosis in non-endemic regions.

17.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969241241637, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigate gastric-type endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA), a prominent HPV-independent adenocarcinoma, and its coexistence with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) through the examination of three such tumors. METHODS: In this study, we conducted an in-depth review of three patients with gastric-type ECA, each associated with high-risk HPV infection as detected on Pap smears. We detailed the clinical and pathological features of each patient and utilized RNAscope for high-risk HPV testing to ascertain HPV status in both gastric-type ECA and HSIL components. Immunohistochemistry with p16, p53, and other biomarkers was also applied. RESULTS: The gastric-type ECA component, characterized by well-differentiated glands with abundant, clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm, distinct cellular borders, and pale nuclei with conspicuous nucleoli, tested negative for both p16 and high-risk HPV, unlike the concurrent HSIL components which were positive. Additionally, two tumors showed aberrant p53 protein expression in the gastric-type ECA areas, and elevated carbohydrate antigen19-9 levels were noted in two patients. Treatment consisted of total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, supplemented by chemotherapy and/or radiation, with disease-free intervals of 24, 12, and 40 months post-treatment, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the critical need for meticulous diagnostic protocols that combine morphological examination, immunohistochemistry, and HPV RNA in situ hybridization. The rarity of gastric-type ECA coexisting with HPV infection underscores the necessity for continuous research and vigilant monitoring in the field of gynecological oncology.

18.
Nat Hum Behav ; 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641635

RESUMO

While disgust originates in the hard-wired mammalian distaste response, the conscious experience of disgust in humans strongly depends on subjective appraisal and may even extend to socio-moral contexts. Here, in a series of studies, we combined functional magnetic resonance imaging with machine-learning-based predictive modelling to establish a comprehensive neurobiological model of subjective disgust. The developed neurofunctional signature accurately predicted momentary self-reported subjective disgust across discovery (n = 78) and pre-registered validation (n = 30) cohorts and generalized across core disgust (n = 34 and n = 26), gustatory distaste (n = 30) and socio-moral (unfair offers; n = 43) contexts. Disgust experience was encoded in distributed cortical and subcortical systems, and exhibited distinct and shared neural representations with subjective fear or negative affect in interoceptive-emotional awareness and conscious appraisal systems, while the signatures most accurately predicted the respective target experience. We provide an accurate functional magnetic resonance imaging signature for disgust with a high potential to resolve ongoing evolutionary debates.

19.
Small ; : e2400542, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593309

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) management remains challenging because of its intricate pathogenesis. Intra-articular injections of drugs, such as glucocorticoids and hyaluronic acid (HA), have certain limitations, including the risk of joint infection, pain, and swelling. Hydrogel-based therapeutic strategies have attracted considerable attention because of their enormous therapeutic potential. Herein, a supramolecular nanofiber hydrogel is developed using dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DexP) as a vector to deliver lentivirus-encoding hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) (HAS2@DexP-Gel). During hydrogel degradation, HAS2 lentivirus and DexP molecules are slowly released. Intra-articular injection of HAS2@DexP-Gel promotes endogenous HA production and suppresses synovial inflammation. Additionally, HAS2@DexP-Gel reduces subchondral bone resorption in the anterior cruciate ligament transection-induced OA mice, attenuates cartilage degeneration, and delays OA progression. HAS2@DexP-Gel exhibited good biocompatibility both in vitro and in vivo. The therapeutic mechanisms of the HAS2@DexP-Gel are investigated using single-cell RNA sequencing. HAS2@DexP-Gel optimizes the microenvironment of the synovial tissue by modulating the proportion of synovial cell subpopulations and regulating the interactions between synovial fibroblasts and macrophages. The innovative nanofiber hydrogel, HAS2@DexP-Gel, effectively enhances endogenous HA production while reducing synovial inflammation. This comprehensive approach holds promise for improving joint function, alleviating pain, and slowing OA progression, thereby providing significant benefits to patients.

20.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 95(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629931

RESUMO

The long-term monitoring stability of electronic current transformers is crucial for accurately obtaining the current signal of the power grid. However, it is difficult to accurately distinguish between the fluctuation of non-stationary random signals on the primary side of the power grid and the gradual error of the transformers themselves. A current transformer error prediction model, CNN-MHA-BiLSTM, based on the golden jackal optimization (GJO) algorithm, which is used to obtain the optimal parameter values, bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) network, convolutional neural networks (CNNs), and multi-head attention (MHA), is proposed to address the difficulty of measuring error evaluation. This model can be used to determine the operation of transformers and can be widely applied to assist in determining the stability of transformer operation and early faults. First, CNN is used to mine the vertical detail features of error data at a certain moment, improving the speed of error prediction. Furthermore, a cascaded network with BiLSTM as the core is constructed to extract the horizontal historical features of the error data. The GJO algorithm is used to adjust the parameters of the BiLSTM model; optimize the hidden layer nodes, training frequency, and learning rate; and integrate MHA mechanism to promote the model to pay attention to the characteristic changes of the data in order to improve the accuracy of error prediction. Finally, this method is applied to the operation data of transformer in substations, and four time periods of data are selected to verify the model effectiveness of the current transformer dataset. The analysis results of single step and multi-step examples indicate that the proposed model has significant advantages in terms of accuracy and stability in error prediction.

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