Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.724
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 386: 132755, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509158

RESUMO

The influence of alternating current (AC) electric field and KCl on the structure and gel properties of Konjac Glucomannan (KGM) were studied in this work by high-performance gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC), acid-base titration, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry/thermo gravimetric analyzer (DSC/TGA) and a rheometer. HPGPC showed KGM was degraded by AC electric field and Acid-base titration showed that under the action of AC electric field and KCl KGM removed part of acetyl groups, which were consistent with the analysis of NMR. XRD and temperature sweep measurements respectively showed that the electrotreatment time and KCl concentration had important effects on the gel formation and its three-dimensional network. Simultaneous DSC/TGA and temperature sweep measurements both demonstrated the gel had good thermal stability.


Assuntos
Eletricidade , Mananas , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Mananas/química , Termogravimetria
2.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567462

RESUMO

γ -Aromatic butenolides ( γ -AB ) are an important type of structues found in many bioactive microbial secondary metabolites (SMs). γ -AB refer to a group of natural products (NPs) containing five-membered (unsaturated) lactones with 3-phenyl and 4-benzyl substituents. Their wide-range biological activities have inspired pharmaceutical chemists to explore its biosynthesis mechanisms and design strategies to construct the γ -AB skeleton. Recently, there are a great deal of interesting research progress on the structures, biological activities and biosynthesis of γ -AB. This review will focus on these aspects and summarize the important achievements of γ -AB from 1975 to 2021.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536812

RESUMO

Understanding molecular mechanisms involved in calcium-protein interactions and modeling corresponding docking rely on the accurate identification of calcium-binding residues (CaBRs). The defects of experimentally annotating protein functions enhances the development of computational approaches that correctly identify calcium-binding interactions. Studies have reported that current methods severely cross-predict residues that interact with other types of molecules (e.g. nucleic acids, proteins, and small ligands) as CaBRs. In this study, a novel predictor named SCAMPER (Selective CAlciuM-binding PrEdictoR) is proposed for the accurate and specific prediction of CaBRs. SCAMPER is designed using newly compiled dataset with complete UniProt sequences and annotations, which include calcium-binding, nucleic acid-binding, protein-binding, and small ligand-binding residues. We use a novel designed two-layer scheme to perform predictions as well as penalize cross-predictions. Empirical tests on an independent test dataset reveals that the proposed method significantly outperforms state-of-the-art predictors. SCAMPER is proved to be capable of distinguishing CaBRs from different types of metal-ion binding residues. We further perform CaBRs predictions on the whole human proteome, and use the results to hypothesize calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs). The latest experimental verified CaBPs and GO analysis prove the accuracy of our predictions. We implement the proposed method and share the data at http://www.inforstation.com/webservers/SCAMPER/.

4.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 33(4): 280-285, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of extraesophageal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease is complex, and esophageal motility and reflux may be involved in it. In this study, we aimed to compare esophageal motility and reflux characteristics in gastroesopha- geal reflux disease patients with and without extraesophageal symptoms by high-resolution manometry and multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring. METHODS: We retrospectively studied gastroesophageal reflux disease patients between January 2014 and December 2018. All patients had undergone high-resolution manometry and multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring. The results were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients were included in this study. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to their main complaint: only typical symptoms (group A, n = 11), both typical and extraesophageal symptoms (group B, n = 33), and only extraesophageal symp- toms (group C, n = 15). Compared with group A, the lower esophageal sphincter basal pressure, integrated residual pressure, and lower esophageal sphincter length were lower, and the proximal reflux percentages of a weak acid and non-acid reflux were higher in group B and group C (P < .017). The positive rate of esophageal motility disorders was lower in group A than in other groups (P < .05). The propor- tion of patients with multiple rapid swallows/single swallow-distal contractile integral ratio greater than 1-was higher in group A than in other groups (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure and lower esophageal sphincter length, increased proximal esophageal reflux of weak acid and non-acid reflux, esophageal motility disorders, and decreased peristaltic reserve are involved in the pathogenesis of extraesophageal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(10): 6282-6293, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512288

RESUMO

Microorganisms residing in the human respiratory tract can be exhaled, and they constitute a part of environmental microbiotas. However, the expiratory microbiota community and its associations with environmental microbiotas remain poorly understood. Here, expiratory bacteria and fungi and the corresponding microbiotas from the living environments were characterized by DNA amplicon sequencing of residents' exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and environmental samples collected from 14 residences in Nanjing, China. The microbiotas of EBC samples, with a substantial heterogeneity, were found to be as diverse as those of skin, floor dust, and airborne microbiotas. Model fitting results demonstrated the role of stochastic processes in the assembly of the expiratory microbiota. Using a fast expectation-maximization algorithm, microbial community analysis revealed that expiratory microbiotas were differentially associated with other types of microbiotas in a type-dependent and residence-specific manner. Importantly, the expiratory bacteria showed a composition similarity with airborne bacteria in the bathroom and kitchen environments with an average of 12.60%, while the expiratory fungi showed a 53.99% composition similarity with the floor dust fungi. These differential patterns indicate different relationships between expiratory microbiotas and the airborne microbiotas and floor dust microbiotas. The results here illustrated for the first time the associations between expiratory microbiotas and indoor microbiotas, showing a potential microbial exchange between the respiratory tract and indoor environment. Thus, improved hygiene and ventilation practices can be implemented to optimize the indoor microbial exposome, especially in indoor bathrooms and kitchens.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 211: 35-46, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526767

RESUMO

Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have attracted substantial attention recently owing to their excellent bioavailability and low toxicity. In the present study, Oudemansiella raphanipies polysaccharide (ORPS)-decorated selenium nanoparticles (ORPS-SeNPs) were synthesized, and their physicochemical, storage stability, and antiproliferative activities were assessed by cell cytotoxicity and apoptosis experiments. The results revealed that orange-red, zero-valent, amorphous and spherical SeNPs with a mean diameter of approximately 60 nm were successfully prepared by using ORPS as a capping agent. Furthermore, the ORPS-SeNPs solution stored at 4 °C in the dark was stable for at least 90 days. Moreover, ORPS-SeNPs treatment inhibited the proliferation of four cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, while no significant cytotoxicity towards human mesangial cell (HMC) cell lines was observed. Compared with their sensitivities to the other cancer cell lines (SGC-7901 and HT-29), the sensitivity of ORPS-SeNPs towards 786-O cells was higher, with an IC50 value of 18.88 ± 1.52 mg/L. Furthermore, the apoptotic pathway triggered by ORPS-SeNPs in 786-O cells was determined to be induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) imbalance and mitochondria-mediated pathways and to eventually result in cellular oxidative stress damage. The results of this study suggest that ORPS-SeNPs can be developed as a potential treatment for cancer, especially human renal carcinoma.

7.
Prog Neurobiol ; 214: 102284, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533809

RESUMO

Neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) are terminally differentiated cells that gradually lose their ability to support regeneration during maturation due to changes in transcriptomic and chromatin landscape. Similar transcriptomic changes also occur during development when stem cells differentiate into different types of somatic cells. Importantly, differentiated cells can be reprogrammed back to induced pluripotent stems cells (iPSCs) via global epigenetic remodeling by combined overexpression of pluripotent reprogramming factors, including Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, Nanog, and/or Lin28. Moreover, recent findings showed that many proneural transcription factors were able to convert non-neural somatic cells into neurons bypassing the pluripotent stage via direct reprogramming. Interestingly, many of these factors have recently been identified as key regulators of CNS neural regeneration. Recent studies indicated that these factors could rejuvenate mature CNS neurons back to a younger state through cellular state reprogramming, thus favoring regeneration. Here we will review some recent findings regarding the roles of genetic cellular state reprogramming in regulation of neural regeneration and explore the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. Moreover, by using newly emerging techniques, such as multiomics sequencing with big data analysis and Crispr-based gene editing, we will discuss future research directions focusing on better revealing cellular state reprogramming-induced remodeling of chromatin landscape and potential translational application.

8.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567086

RESUMO

An ultra-low friction and high load capacity could be obtained on the surfaces grafted by a polymer brush even at relatively slow friction speeds in aqueous lubrication environments, which has attracted widespread attention to study the lubrication mechanism of polymer brushes; however, it has yet to be fully understood. The macroscopic tribological performance of two different polymer brushes, which were prepared by the method of "grafting to" and "grafting from" and named as PLL-g-PEG and PSPMA, respectively, were investigated. The friction results demonstrated that PLL-g-PEG obtained a lower friction coefficient than polymer brush PSPMA, which was ascribed to its unique "self-healing" behavior. The lubrication film was in situ observed and the film thickness induced by the polymer brush was measured using a laboratory set for film thickness measurement apparatus based on interference technology. It was found that PSPMA exhibited excellent lubrication performance not found in PLL-g-PEG, and two film-forming mechanisms highly dependent on velocity were revealed, which may be important to interpret the lubrication mechanism of polymer brushes in aqueous lubricants.

9.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565849

RESUMO

Excessive fructose intake is associated with the increased risk of mental illness, such as depression, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Our previous study found that high fructose diet (FruD)-fed mice exhibited neuroinflammation, hippocampal neurogenesis decline and blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage, accompanied by the reduction of gut microbiome-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Here, we found that chronic stress aggravated these pathological changes and promoted the development of depressive-like behaviors in FruD mice. In detail, the decreased number of newborn neurons, mature neurons and neural stem cells (NSCs) in the hippocampus of FruD mice was worsened by chronic stress. Furthermore, chronic stress exacerbated the damage of BBB integrity with the decreased expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), claudin-5 and occludin in brain vasculature, overactivated microglia and increased neuroinflammation in FruD mice. These results suggest that high fructose intake combined with chronic stress leads to cumulative negative effects that promote the development of depressive-like behaviors in mice. Of note, SCFAs could rescue hippocampal neurogenesis decline, improve BBB damage and suppress microglia activation and neuroinflammation, thereby ameliorate depressive-like behaviors of FruD mice exposed to chronic stress. These results could be used to develop dietary interventions to prevent depression.

10.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes and mechanisms of microenergy acoustic pulse (MAP) therapy in an irreversible rat model of female stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups: sham control (sham), vaginal balloon dilation and ovariectomy (VBDO), VBDO + ß-aminopropionitrile (BAPN), and VBDO + ß-aminopropionitrile treated with MAP (MAP). MAP therapy was administered twice per week for 4 weeks. After a 1-week washout period, all 24 rats were evaluated with functional and histological studies. The urethral vascular plexus was examined by immunofluorescence staining with antibodies against collagen IV and von Willebrand factor (vWF). The urethral smooth muscle stem/progenitor cells (uSMPCs) were isolated and functionally studied in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: Functional study with leak point pressure (LPP) measurement showed that the MAP group had significantly higher LPPs compared to VBDO and BAPN groups. MAP ameliorated the decline in urethral wall thickness and increased the amount of extracellular matrix within the urethral wall, especially in the urethral and vaginal elastic fibers. MAP also improved the disruption of the urethral vascular plexus in the treated animals. In addition, MAP enhanced the regeneration of urethral and vaginal smooth muscle, and uSMPCs could be induced by MAP to differentiate into smooth muscle and neuron-like cells in vitro. CONCLUSION: MAP appears to restore urethral wall integrity by increasing muscle content in the urethra and the vagina and by improving the urethral vascular plexus and the extracellular matrix.

11.
Science ; 376(6592): 483-491, 2022 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482870

RESUMO

Pleasant touch provides emotional and psychological support that helps mitigate social isolation and stress. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Using a pleasant touch-conditioned place preference (PT-CPP) test, we show that genetic ablation of spinal excitatory interneurons expressing prokineticin receptor 2 (PROKR2), or its ligand PROK2 in sensory neurons, abolishes PT-CPP without impairing pain and itch behaviors in mice. Mutant mice display profound impairments in stress response and prosocial behaviors. Moreover, PROKR2 neurons respond most vigorously to gentle stroking and encode reward value. Collectively, we identify PROK2 as a long-sought neuropeptide that encodes and transmits pleasant touch to spinal PROKR2 neurons. These findings may have important implications for elucidating mechanisms by which pleasant touch deprivation contributes to social avoidance behavior and mental disorders.


Assuntos
Percepção do Tato , Tato , Animais , Emoções , Humanos , Interneurônios/fisiologia , Camundongos , Células Receptoras Sensoriais , Percepção do Tato/fisiologia
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(17): 20291-20302, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442618

RESUMO

The systematicness, flexibility, and complexity of natural biological organisms are a constant stream of inspiration for researchers. Therefore, mimicking the natural intelligence system to develop microrobotics has attracted broad interests. However, developing a multifunctional device for various application scenarios has great challenges. Herein, we present a bionic multifunctional actuation device─a light-driven mudskipper-like actuator that is composed of a porous silicone elastomer and graphene oxide. The actuator exhibits a reversible and well-integrated response to near-infrared (NIR) light due to the photothermal-induced contractile stress in the actuation film, which promotes generation of cyclical and rapid locomotion upon NIR light being switched on and off, such as bending in air and crawling in liquid. Furthermore, through rational device design and modulation of light, the mechanically versatile device can float and swim controllably following a predesigned route at the liquid/air interface. More interestingly, the actuator can jump from liquid medium to air with an extremely short response time (400 ms), a maximum speed of 2 m s-1, and a height of 14.3 cm under the stimulation of near-infrared light. The present work possesses great potential in the applications of bioinspired actuators in various fields, such as microrobots, sensors, and locomotion.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Robótica , Raios Infravermelhos , Locomoção , Natação
13.
Talanta ; 245: 123462, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436732

RESUMO

Currently, researches on nanomaterials have been restricted by slow and multistep synthesis procedures. Herein, we demonstrate an ultrafast, one step method of purification and delivery of quantum dots into living cells, actuated by the acoustic streaming (AS) produced through a gigahertz resonator. Results demonstrate that the impurities in the carbon dots (CDs) can be extracted immediately aided by the acoustic forcing, with extra high purification efficiency of 93%. The system can also efficiently deliver the CDs into cells, showing excellent nucleus and mitochondria uptake under 3 min of AS treatment, and making the organelles of cells to be recorded more easily and simultaneously. More importantly, the AS is found to further accelerate the bioreaction inside the cells, thus realizes the enhanced biosensing of Fe3+ in single living cells. This work develops a novel type of multifunctional method for effective purification, intracellular delivery and biosensing of nanomaterials, inspiring the biological/medical nanotechnology researches at subcellular level.

14.
J Affect Disord ; 308: 98-105, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are both characterized by cognitive and social impairments. Determining disorder-specific neurobiological alterations in GAD and MDD by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) may promote determination of precise diagnostic markers. METHODS: This study aimed to examine disorder-specific behavioral and neural alterations at the intersection of social and cognitive processing in treatment-naïve first-episode GAD (n = 35) and MDD (n = 37) patients compared to healthy controls (n = 35) by employing a social-emotional n-back fMRI paradigm. RESULTS: No behavioral differences between patients and healthy controls were observed. However, GAD patients exhibited decreased bilateral dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) engagement during the 0-back condition yet increased dmPFC engagement during the 1-back condition compared to MDD and healthy participants. In contrast, MDD patients exhibited increased dmPFC-insula coupling during 0-back, yet decreased coupling during 1-back, compared to GAD and healthy participants. Dimensional symptom-load analysis confirmed that increased dmPFC-insula connectivity during 0-back was positively associated with depressive symptom load. LIMITATIONS: The moderate sample size in the present study did not allow us to further explore gender differences. In addition, some patients exhibited GAD and MDD comorbidity according to the M.I.N.I. interview. Finally, the paradigm we used did not allow to further disentangle emotion-specific effects on working memory. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the dmPFC engaged in integrating affective and cognitive components and self-other processing exhibits GAD-specific neurofunctional dysregulations whereas functional dmPFC communication with the insula, a region involved in salience processing, may represent an MDD-specific neurofunctional deficit.

15.
J Infect Public Health ; 15(5): 499-507, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical questions remain regarding the need for intensity to continue NPIs as the public was vaccinated. We evaluated the association of intensity and duration of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and vaccines with COVID-19 infection, death, and excess mortality in Europe. METHODS: Data comes from Our Word in Data. We included 22 European countries from January 20, 2020, to May 30, 2021. The time-varying constrained distribution lag model was used in each country to estimate the impact of different intensities and duration of NPIs on COVID-19 control, considering vaccination coverage. Country-specific effects were pooled through meta-analysis. RESULTS: This study found that high-intensity and long-duration of NPIs showed a positive main effect on reducing infection in the absence of vaccines, especially in the intensity above the 80th percentile and lasted for 7 days (RR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.89-0.98). However, the adverse effect on excess mortality also increased with the duration and intensity. Specifically, it was associated with an increase of 44.16% (RR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.27-1.64) in the excess mortality under the strict intervention (the intensity above the 80th percentile and lasted for 21 days). As the vaccine rollouts, the inhibition of the strict intervention on cases growth rate was increased (RR dropped from 0.95 to 0.87). Simultaneously, vaccination also alleviated the negative impact of the strict intervention on excess mortality (RR decreased from 1.44 to 1.25). Besides, maintaining the strict intervention appeared to more reduce the cases, as well as avoids more overall burden of death compared with weak intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the importance of continued high-intensity NPIs in low vaccine coverage. Lifting of NPIs in insufficient vaccination coverage may cause increased infections and death burden. Policymakers should coordinate the intensity and duration of NPIs and allocate medical resources reasonably with widespread vaccination.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
16.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 609: 31-38, 2022 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413537

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a part of the commonest malignancies with the highest mortality rate in cancer-related deaths worldwide. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are promising prognostic marker and therapeutic target in cancers. Our previous study has demonstrated the closely relationship between CDK9 and STAT3 in lung cancer. The inhibition of cell viability and migration in vitro by AT7519 were evaluated using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, clonogenic assay and scratch wound model. The cell cycle analysis was evaluated using flow cytometry analysis and western blotting analysis. The apoptotic-induced efficiency was assessed by flow cytometry analysis, hoechst 33342 staining, caspase-3 activity analysis and western blotting analysis. The roles of STAT3 in AT7519 treatment for lung cancer were assessed by docking model and western blotting analysis. The patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models were used to investigate the effect of AT7519 in vivo. In this study, we found that AT7519, a CDK inhibitor, reduced the viability of lung cancer cells in vitro and strongly suppressed tumor growth in PDX model. AT7519 blocked cell cycle progression and induced apoptosis by inhibiting IL-6/STAT3 pathway. Taken together, AT519 exhibits great anti-tumor effects in lung cancer, and the mechanism was related closely to IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway, which suggests the important roles of STAT3 in CDKs inhibitors. AT7519 might be a novel potential therapeutic agent based on this rationale.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Piperidinas , Pirazóis , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
17.
RSC Adv ; 12(3): 1885-1896, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35425169

RESUMO

Activated-hydrochar (AHC) derived from sugarcane bagasse was synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) using phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as activators. The properties of AHC were systematically characterized by elemental analysis, BET, SEM, FTIR, XPS and zeta potential, and applied to evaluate the adsorption ability of methylene blue (MB) by batch adsorption tests. The MB adsorption isotherm and kinetics of AHC were well described by the Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Characteristic analysis suggested electrostatic attraction, hydrogen bonding and π-π interactions were the main contributors to MB adsorption. Analysis of mass transfer mechanisms demonstrated the adsorption process towards MB by AHC involved intra-particle diffusion to some extent. Thermodynamic studies indicated MB adsorption was an endothermic, spontaneous process associated with a disorder increase at the solid-liquid interface. The maximum adsorption capacity of AHC for MB was 357.14 mg g-1 at 303 K. Thus, the combination of HTC in phosphoric acid and NaOH activation offered a facile, green and economical alternative for conversion of sugarcane bagasse into efficient adsorbents used in wastewater treatment.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 8965712, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402609

RESUMO

Clear evidence has shown that metal ions strongly connect and delicately tune the dynamic homeostasis in living bodies. They have been proved to be associated with protein structure, stability, regulation, and function. Even small changes in the concentration of metal ions can shift their effects from natural beneficial functions to harmful. This leads to degenerative diseases, malignant tumors, and cancers. Accurate characterizations and predictions of metalloproteins at the residue level promise informative clues to the investigation of intrinsic mechanisms of protein-metal ion interactions. Compared to biophysical or biochemical wet-lab technologies, computational methods provide open web interfaces of high-resolution databases and high-throughput predictors for efficient investigation of metal-binding residues. This review surveys and details 18 public databases of metal-protein binding. We collect a comprehensive set of 44 computation-based methods and classify them into four categories, namely, learning-, docking-, template-, and meta-based methods. We analyze the benchmark datasets, assessment criteria, feature construction, and algorithms. We also compare several methods on two benchmark testing datasets and include a discussion about currently publicly available predictive tools. Finally, we summarize the challenges and underlying limitations of the current studies and propose several prospective directions concerning the future development of the related databases and methods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Proteínas , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Estudos Prospectivos , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas/metabolismo
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(15): e29098, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the leading causes of disability. The effectiveness of auricular point pressing therapy for treating KOA remains controversial. This protocol describes the method of a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness and safety of auricular point pressing therapy for treating KOA. METHODS: Four English databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases and Web of Science) and 4 Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, and Wanfang) will be searched. All randomized controlled trials related to auricular point pressing therapy for KOA will be included. Extracted data will include publication details, basic information, demographic data, intervention details and patient outcomes. The primary outcome will be Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and visual analogue scale. Risk of bias will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias. Article selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment will be performed by 2 independent reviewers. If the meta-analysis is precluded, we will conduct a descriptive synthesis using a best-evidence synthesis approach. The strength of recommendations and quality of evidence will be assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development. RESULTS: The systematic review will provide evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of auricular point pressing therapy on KOA. CONCLUSION: The systematic review will provide evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of auricular point pressing therapy for KOA patients. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: For this review, ethical approval is not required. Patients will not be involved. The findings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY 202220077.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Medição da Dor , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202204410, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35412006

RESUMO

In this study, a novel surface initiated polymerization (SIP) method was developed from organic-inorganic hybrid persistent initiator coating (PIC) that embeds initiator molecules into inorganic silica sol-gel layer. Comparing with traditional silane initiator surface that prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, the PIC can effectively improve the mechanical stability of initiator that was able to endure ten-thousand times of friction cycles. Besides, it allows polymer grafting from sub-surface and so the grafted brushes, poly 3-sulfopropyl methacrylate potassium salt (pSPMA) on the PIC were also much more wear-resisting than those prepared by the traditional ways. More importantly, the PIC could still trigger new polymerization reaction when the grafted brushes were worn off. In addition, the PIC is universal and can be covered on different substrates including glass, metals and plastics, etc. to realize functionalization of these materials. The approach may pave technological way for the application of surface grafted polymer brushes.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...