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1.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 75(1)2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583443

RESUMO

Neuregulin receptor degradation protein-1 (Nrdp1) is a newly discovered E3 ligase that plays a role in the apoptosis process of multiple diseases. Previous studies has shown that Nrdp1 exerted a proapoptotic effect in cardiac diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential involvement of Nrdp1 in the pathological processes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To create a mouse model of experimental colitis, trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) was administered and the severity of colitis was assessed based on changes in weight and histological scores. Using Western blot and immunohistochemistry, significant increase in Nrdp1 expression was observed in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). This was accompanied with the up-regulation of cleaved PARP and active caspase-3 in IECs, indicating a potential function in IECs. To study this further, we built an in vitro model of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced apoptosis using human IEC line HT-29 cells. When Nrdp1 was knocked down, a decrease in apoptosis was observed, suggesting that Nrdp1 may play a proapoptotic role in IEC apoptosis. The mechanism behind this phenomenon is associated with the suppression of downstream targets of Nrdp1, such as protein kinase B (AKT). Furthermore, immunohistochemistry analysis in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and normal controls supported the same results as observed in experimental colitis. We conclude that Nrdp1 may be a promising new therapeutic target for ameliorating IBD in humans.


Assuntos
Colite , Doença de Crohn , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Apoptose , Colite/metabolismo , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosa Intestinal , Intestinos/patologia , Neurregulinas/metabolismo , Neurregulinas/farmacologia , Neurregulinas/uso terapêutico
3.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(3): 250-256, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462373

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the changes in optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)-related parameters before and after idiopathic macular hole (IMH) internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap inversion surgery and assess their impact on retinal sensitivity. Methods: A retrospective case series study was conducted, collecting clinical data of 30 patients (30 eyes) diagnosed with IMH who underwent vitrectomy combined with ILM flap inversion surgery at Shanxi Eye Hospital, affiliated with Shanxi Medical University, between January 2020 and December 2021. Visual acuity and best-corrected visual acuity were examined preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. Microperimetry measured retinal sensitivity (RS), and OCTA measured retinal thickness (RT) as well as vessel density (VD) in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP). Statistical analysis was performed using t-tests, repeated measures analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: Thirty patients with IMH (30 eyes) were included, with 3 males (3 eyes) and 27 females (27 eyes). The mean age was (62.5±3.0) years, and the follow-up time was (96.3±1.3) days, with a 100% closure rate of macular holes postoperatively. RT in the macular was significantly lower at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively compared to preoperative values (F=46.21, P<0.001). The RT in the upper macular region showed statistically significant differences at different time points (P<0.001). VD in the SCP layer showed no significant differences between the upper and lower macular regions at various time points (F=3.21, P=0.601). VD in the upper region of the DCP layer increased at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively (P<0.001). RS in the macular was higher at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively compared to preoperative values (F=52.01, P<0.001). RS in the lower macular region increased at 3 and 6 months postoperatively (P<0.001), while in the upper region, it increased only at 6 months postoperatively (P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between RS and RT at 1 and 3 months postoperatively, but not at 6 months postoperatively in the upper macular region (r=0.40, P=0.071). In the lower macular region, there was a positive correlation between RS and RT at 1 and 3 months postoperatively (P<0.001). There was no correlation between RS in the upper macular region at 6 months postoperatively and preoperative RT (r=0.43, P=0.072), but there was a positive correlation with RT at 3 months postoperatively (r=0.58, P=0.041). Conclusions: After idiopathic macular hole internal limiting membrane flap inversion surgery, the OCTA-related parameters have changed. There are transient changes in deep vascular parameters and thinning of the retinal layers at the ILM inversion site, leading to decreased sensitivity.


Assuntos
Perfurações Retinianas , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Perfurações Retinianas/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Retina , Vitrectomia/métodos
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 43(10): 1657-1664, 2023 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37933640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of secretogranin II (SCG2) in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and its impact on oxaliplatin resistance of CRC cells. METHODS: We performed immunohistochemistry to detect the expression level of SCG2 on a tissue microarray containing 96 CRC and 84 adjacent tissues and analyzed the association of SCG2 expression with the clinical features of the CRC patients. SCG2 expression was also measured in DLD1 cells treated with oxaliplatin using immunoblotting and RT-qPCR analyses. The effects of SCG2 expression on oxaliplatin sensitivity and cell viability were evaluated in a DLD1 cell model of SCG2 knockout established using CRISPR-cas9 technique, and the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were detected using Western blotting and RT-qPCR. We further examined SCG2 expression levels in an oxaliplatin-resistant DLD1 cell line and its parental DLD1 cells. RESULTS: SCG2 expression was significantly increased in CRC tissues as compared with the adjacent tissues (1.932±0.816 vs 1), and the tumor tissues in advanced stages showed higher SCG2 expression levels. In DLD1 cells, treatment with oxaliplatin significantly increased SCG2 expression, and SCG2 knockout obviously increased oxaliplatin sensitivity of the cells and enhanced the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins. Compared with the parental cells, oxaliplatin-resistant DLD1 cells showed a significant increase of SCG2 expression by 3.901±0.471 folds. CONCLUSION: SCG2 may serve as a risk gene in CRC, and its high expression increases oxaliplatin resistance of CRC cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Secretogranina II , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Secretogranina II/metabolismo
6.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 43(10): 1771-1775, 2023 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37933653

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular mechanism of propofol-induced apoptosis in oligodendrocytes. METHODS: Fortyfive neonatal (7 days old) SD rats were randomized into 3 groups (n=15) for a single intraperitoneal injection of saline (control), long chain fat emulsion, or propofol (50 mg/kg). Eight hours after the injection, the rats were examined for mRNA and protein expressions of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 in the brain tissues using qPCR and Western blotting, and the expression levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA and P-PI3K/P-PAkt were also detected. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, the neonatal rats with propofol injection showed significantly up-regulated mRNA and protein expressions of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 in the brain tissue (P<0.05) with significantly down-regulated expressions of NGF mRNA and P-PI3K/P-PAkt (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Propofol induces apoptosis in oligodendrocytes by activating the caspase family protein members involved in triggering cell apoptosis and inhibiting the anti-apoptosis mechanism.


Assuntos
Propofol , Ratos , Animais , Propofol/farmacologia , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Apoptose , Oligodendroglia/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 888-898, 2023 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37936357

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between the cross-sectional area of the macular hole (MH) cavity and the blood flow density in different retinal layers, as well as the impact of cavity size on preoperative and postoperative retinal function in patients with idiopathic macular holes (IMH). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Clinical data were collected from 18 patients (18 eyes) diagnosed with IMH who underwent vitrectomy combined with internal limiting membrane peeling at Shanxi Eye Hospital affiliated to Shanxi Medical University from August 2019 to December 2021. Visual acuity, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) were performed preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. Blood flow density data were collected for the overall retina, macular center fovea, and parafoveal regions, and the cavity cross-sectional area was measured using ImageJ software. Ten healthy subjects without retinal abnormalities who underwent mfERG at Shanxi Eye Hospital affiliated to Shanxi Medical University during the same period were included as a control group. One eye was randomly selected for each subject, with 5 left eyes and 5 right eyes. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson correlation analysis, independent samples t-test, and repeated measures analysis of variance. Results: All 18 IMH patients had unilateral disease, including 3 males and 15 females, with an average age of (64.22±4.33) years and a duration of illness of 75 (38, 120) days. In the control group, consisting of 10 subjects, 4 were male and 6 were female, with an average age of (63.67±6.96) years. Preoperatively, all 18 affected eyes exhibited a macular hole cavity, which closed and disappeared one month postoperatively. The total cavity cross-sectional area was (4.84±2.28) mm2, with an average area of (0.27±0.13) mm2. The cavity cross-sectional area was positively correlated with the MH height (r=0.82, P<0.001), ellipsoid zone disruption diameter (r=0.74, P<0.001), and preoperative BCVA (r=0.62, P=0.006). The cavity cross-sectional area was positively correlated with the blood flow density of the superficial macular center fovea (r=0.47, P=0.049) and negatively correlated with the blood flow density of the deep retina (r=-0.50, P=0.033) and deep parafoveal blood flow density (r=-0.65, P=0.003). Compared to healthy eyes in the control group, IMH eyes showed decreased amplitudes of P1 and N1 waves in mfERG, prolonged P1 wave latency except at ring 1 (2.18° outward from the foveal center), and prolonged N1 wave latency except at ring 2 (7.46° outward from the foveal center) and 5 (29.75° outward from the foveal center) (all P<0.05). The cavity cross-sectional area was only related to the preoperative latency of the N1 wave at ring 2 (r=0.64, P=0.004) and had an effect on the changes in the preoperative and postoperative latency of P1 and N1 waves at ring 1 and 5 (F=4.94, 5.96; P=0.042, 0.027). Time changes had no effect on the preoperative and postoperative amplitudes and latencies of mfERG P1 and N1 waves (all P>0.05), but the interaction between cavity cross-sectional area and time had statistical significance for the amplitudes of P1 at ring 1 and N1 at ring 2(F=6.89, 3.76; P=0.003, 0.035). Conclusions: In patients with IMH, a larger macular hole cavity cross-sectional area is associated with lower blood flow density, particularly in the deep parafoveal region, poorer visual acuity, and decreased retinal function at 7.46° outward from the foveal center.


Assuntos
Perfurações Retinianas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Retina , Fóvea Central/irrigação sanguínea , Vitrectomia/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
8.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 58(10): 996-1003, 2023 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37818534

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the arthroscopic temporomandibular joint disc reduction on the outcome of orthodontic patients with anterior disc displacement without reduction. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2021, forty treated orthodontic patients with anterior disc displacement without reduction (unilateral/bilateral) and no obvious articular cartilage absorption were selected from Department of Orthodontics, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. The patients were (17.5±3.8) years old (12-25 years old), including 8 males and 32 females. Twenty patients who had completed arthroscopic temporomandibular joint disc reduction were included in the control group, and twenty patients with untreated temporomandibular joint disc were included in the experimental group. Model measurement (including overjet, etc.), cephalometric analysis (including ANB angle, which was formed by subspinale, nasion and supramental, etc.) and temporomandibular joint magnetic resonance imaging (including measurement of the condyle height of the displacement sides) were used to compare the difference of two groups. Objective grading system was used to evaluate the efficacy of orthodontic treatment. Results: The overjet of the experimental group and the control group after orthodontic treatment was (2.19±0.76) and (1.92±0.94) mm, respectively. Both two groups achieved ideal overjet with no statistical difference (t=1.02, P=0.314). The ANB angle difference before and after treatment in the control group (-1.97°±2.87°) was greater than that in the experimental group (0.09°±1.82°), and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.72, P=0.010). The variation of condyle height before and after treatment was (0.30±1.11) mm in the experimental group and (0.82±1.25) mm in the control group, with no statistical significance (t=1.80, P=0.076). The post-treatment objective grading system scores of the experimental group and the control group were 21.00 (16.00, 24.00) and 21.00 (17.00, 25.00), respectively, which had no statistical difference (U=0.24, P=0.808). Conclusions: In orthodontic patients with anterior disc displacement without reduction and no obvious articular cartilage absorption, whether displaced discs are repositioned after arthroscopic surgery has no significant effect on the orthodontic treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Sobremordida , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Criança , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/patologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , China , Articulação Temporomandibular/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Côndilo Mandibular
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 103(31): 2355-2360, 2023 Aug 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37599211

RESUMO

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) refers to the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to ensure the perfusion of important organs after the traditional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) has not obtained the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Such cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is called ECPR. ECPR can benefit some patients with cardiac arrest, however, there are still some problems and puzzles in the implementation of ECPR, such as the implementation location of ECPR patients? Select mechanical press or manual press before ECPR start? Can ECPR be used in special patients, such as traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA), aortic dissection and immunosuppressed patients? The age limit of ECPR and the ethical issues related to ECPR. Based on the research status at home and abroad, this paper analyzes and expounds these problems, hoping to provide new ideas for the research and application of ECPR by the majority of domestic colleagues engaged in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.


Assuntos
Dissecção Aórtica , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Perfusão
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(7): 1011-1017, 2023 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37482738

RESUMO

Objective: To establish reference values for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) of adult dwellers in Shenzhen City. Methods: The study was conducted based on the Shenzhen heart failure epidemiological survey from 2021 to 2022. In this survey, residents aged 18 years and above in Shenzhen were selected by using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method. General information, cardiovascular disease (CVD) related behavior and carotid ultrasound examination and etc. were collected from the participants. People with CVD factors, a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, carotid plaque or having no carotid ultrasound examination results were excluded. The parameter regression model based on fractional polynomial was used to establish the reference values of CIMT by age and sex. Results: A total of 2 163 healthy individuals were enrolled in the final analysis, including 576 males (26.6%) and 1 587 females (73.4%). The fractional polynomial regression of the CIMT mean and standard deviation was obtained. For men, the regression was meanCIMT=0.324 7+0.006 9×age and SDCIMT=0.076 9+0.001 2×age. For women, the regression was meanCIMT=0.354 9+0.005 4×age and SDCIMT=0.041 6+0.002 0×age. Conclusion: The age and sex reference values for CIMT of adult people in Shenzhen established in this study could provide the latest reference standards for early screening of subclinical CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Valores de Referência , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia das Artérias Carótidas , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 31(6): 608-613, 2023 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37400385

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of entecavir combined with Biejiajian pills and its influence on TCM syndrome scores during the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome by prospective, randomized and controlled study. Methods: Patients with chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome were selected as the research subjects and randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group. Entecavir plus Biejiajian pills or entecavir plus a simulant of Biejiajian pills were given for 48 weeks. The changes in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and TCM syndrome scores before and after treatment were compared between the two groups to analyze the correlation. The data between groups were analyzed by t-test/Wilcoxon rank sum test or χ(2) test. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. Results: After 48 weeks of treatment, the LSM values of the two groups were significantly lower than those of the baseline (P < 0.001), liver fibrosis was significantly improved, and the LSM values of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group [(8.67 ± 4.60) kPa and (10.13 ± 4.43) kPa, t = -2.011, P = 0.049]. After 48 weeks of treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of the two groups were significantly reduced compared with the baseline (P < 0.001), and the clinical symptoms were significantly relieved, and the total effective rates of the improvement of the TCM syndrome scores in the two groups were 74.19% and 72.97%, respectively, but the differences between the groups were not statistically significant (χ(2) = 0.013, P = 0.910). Correlation analysis showed that there was no obvious trend between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. There were no serious adverse reactions associated with the drug during the observation period of this study. Conclusion: Based on antiviral treatment with entecavir, regardless of whether it is combined with the Biejiajian pill, it can effectively reduce the LSM value, improve liver fibrosis, reduce TCM syndrome scores, and alleviate symptoms in patients with chronic hepatitis B with liver fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome. Compared with entecavir alone, the combined Biejia pill has greater efficacy in improving liver fibrosis and a favorable safety profile, meriting its implementation and widespread application.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Humanos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 31(2): 216-220, 2023 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37137842

RESUMO

Hepatocyte transplantation is considered a promising alternative treatment to liver transplantation. Although the safety and efficacy of hepatocyte transplantation in the treatment of acute liver failure and certain inherited metabolic diseases of the liver have been validated in many clinical trials, clinical hepatocyte transplantation still faces many problems and limitations, such as a shortage of high-quality donor organs, reduced cell viability after cryopreservation, low cell implantation and proliferation rates, and allogeneic hepatocyte rejection. This article reviews the latest basic research and clinical application progress in hepatocyte transplantation.


Assuntos
Falência Hepática Aguda , Transplante de Fígado , Doenças Metabólicas , Humanos , Hepatócitos , Falência Hepática Aguda/terapia
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(5): 403-411, 2023 Mar 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36987675

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the surgical methods and clinical outcomes of severe angular kyphosis with the length of the spinal cord constant in the osteotomy area. Methods: Clinical data from 20 patients with severe angular kyphosis who underwent surgical treatment from January 2017 to December 2020 in the Department of Spinal Surgery,Hangzhou Xiaoshan District Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. There were 11 males and 9 females, aged (28.5±8.9) years (range:17 to 46 years).There were 15 cases with congenital angular kyphosis,5 cases with tuberculous angular kyphosis.The angle of kyphosis was (107.1±12.9)° (range:93.2° to 131.4°).Frankel classification:2 cases with grade B,4 cases with grade C,3 cases with grade D.The kyphotic vertex is located at the T9 to T12 segments.Pedicle screws were placed in 3 or 4 adjacent segments at the proximal and distal kyphosis apex of the patients using a surgical navigation system.Piezosurgery combined with a grinding drill was used to complete the osteotomy in the apical vertebral region.Titanium mesh or artificial vertebral body was implanted,and the osteotomy surface was closed using this as the fulcrum to complete osteotomy.Spinal X-ray examination was performed before surgery,immediately after surgery and at the last follow-up,and sagittal and coronal Cobb angle,sagittal and coronary balance parameters,anterior vertebral height,posterior vertebral height,and spinal cord length were measured.Pulmonary function,visual analogue scale (VAS),and Oswestry's disability index (ODI) were collected and estimated before and after treatment.The analysis of variance of repeated measurement data was used for each evaluation index before and after treatment,and the t test was used for pairwise comparison. Results: All patients successfully completed surgery,with artificial vertebral body in 11 cases and double titanium mesh in 9 cases.The follow-up time was (28.2±2.3) months (range:26 to 31 months).Sagittal vertical axis improved from (46.9±13.7)mm(range:21.7 to 75.7 mm) before surgery to (10.7±5.5)mm (range:3.6 to 28.1 mm) after surgery,and (11.0±5.7)mm(range:3.6 to 29.3 mm) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery (all P<0.01).The mean kyphotic Cobb angle was corrected from (107.1±12.9) ° (range:93.2 ° to 131.4°) before surgery to (30.6±8.5) ° (range:20.0 ° to 47.8 °) after surgery (all P<0.01),and (32.1±8.7) ° (range:18.2 ° to 50.8°) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery(all P<0.01).The anterior vertebral height improved from (14.2±2.9)mm(range:11.04 to 23.6 mm) before surgery to (45.3±7.5)mm(range:29.4 to 56.5 mm) after surgery,and (44.3±6.8)mm(range:29.6 to 56.0 mm) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery (all P<0.01).The posterior vertebral height was improved from (51.8±5.3)mm (range:43.1 to 61.4 mm)before surgery to (57.6±4.7)mm (range:45.7 to 64.1 mm)after surgery,and (56.3±5.0) mm (range:49.7 to 68.5 mm) at the last follow-up,the differences were statistically significant compared to before surgery (all P<0.01).The spinal cord length of the osteotomy segment was (73.1±12.0)mm (range:56.8 to 98.4 mm) before surgery and (74.8±12.8)mm (range:53.5 to 100.2 mm) after surgery and (75.2±13.7)mm (range:53.9 to 102.4 mm) at the last follow-up,the difference was not statistically significant among them(F=0.144,P=0.866).The ODI and VAS scores improved significantly after surgery and at the last follow-up,and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusion: The posterior vertebral column resection technique combined with titanium mesh or an artificial vertebral body implant for the treatment of severe angular kyphosis can significantly improve the kyphosis,neurological function,and life quality of patients without affecting the length of the spinal cord.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 27(5): 2027-2046, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36930502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The liver is a unique organ containing large populations of immune cells. Immunotherapy for liver cancer is a promising yet particularly challenging method. Therefore, it harbors great significance for the identification of immune-related subtypes and the potential therapeutic targets for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, we classified the HCC samples downloaded from the dataset of Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) into two clusters based on the immune cell infiltration. Thereafter, we identified the significant module and regulatory factors using the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). The immune competence of the regulatory factors was delineated through the ESTIMATE algorithm, the analysis of the tumor microenvironment, and pan-cancer analysis. In the single-cell RNA sequencing analysis, we further explored the immune competence of regulatory factors. We also collected the potential drugs targeting the regulatory factors. In addition, we constructed lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction regulatory networks. Finally, western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were conducted to verify the protein expression of regulatory genes in HCC cell lines and tissues. RESULTS: According to the immune cell infiltration, two immune-related subtypes-cluster 1 and cluster 2-were found. Patients in cluster 2 had a more significant immune infiltration than in cluster 1. Afterward, six significant regulatory genes were identified through WGCNA, and the expression in cluster 2 was high in cluster 1. We performed a comprehensive analysis to clarify the immune signature. The results showed that the six genes had significant immunological competence. Moreover, the expression of the six genes was similar to the subtypes' classification. In the analysis of the prognosis value, patients in cluster 2 had a better prognosis. In addition, the lncRNA in the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction regulatory networks was located in the nucleus and cytoplasm. In the single-cell RNA sequencing analysis, the six genes were related to the immune cell. We also identified potential drugs for CD6 and CLEC12A, which may provide potential therapeutic drugs. Finally, the regulatory genes were verified in the western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. CONCLUSIONS: The classification into two clusters based on the immune cell infiltration may provide a promising prospect for HCC through immunotherapy. The six regulatory genes may be potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Prognóstico , Imunoterapia , Biomarcadores , MicroRNAs/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Receptores Mitogênicos , Lectinas Tipo C
17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 46(1): 34-39, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617926

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBCB) after lung transplantation. Methods: The clinical characteristics, TBCB procedure, diagnosis and treatment, and outcomes of lung transplant recipients of 6 patients (all male, aged 33-67 years) with TBCB in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from May to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 6 patients diagnosed by TBCB, there were 2 cases of organizing pneumonia, 1 acute cellular rejection, 1 antibody-mediated rejection, and 1 bronchiolitis obliterans, and 1 diffuse alveolar damage. After the clinical diagnosis was confirmed, the condition improved after adjustment of the treatments followed. There were no serious complications related to the TBCB procedure. Conclusion: TBCB is valuable and relatively safe in the diagnosis of complications after lung transplantation, but the indications need to be strictly controlled.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Transplante de Pulmão , Humanos , Masculino , Biópsia/métodos , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Pulmão/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
18.
Int J Obstet Anesth ; 53: 103624, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Early studies suggested that COVID-19 was associated with a higher incidence of hypotension following neuraxial anesthesia in parturients. We explored the hemodynamic response to spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery in pregnant severe respiratory distress syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive patients, using a retrospective case-control design. METHODS: We searched our electronic medical records for patients who received spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery, and were SARS-CoV-2 positive or recovered at delivery, and used historical and SARS-CoV-2 negative controls from two tertiary care hospitals. We compared the demographic, clinical, and hemodynamic variables between patients who were SARS-CoV-2 positive at delivery, those who were positive during pregnancy and recovered before delivery, and controls. Analyses were stratified by normotensive versus hypertensive status of the patients at delivery. RESULTS: We identified 22 SARS-CoV-2 positive, 73 SARS-CoV-2 recovered, and 1517 controls. The SARS-CoV-2 positive, and recovered pregnant patients, had on average 5.6 and 2.2 mmHg, respectively, higher post-spinal mean arterial pressures (MAPs) than control patients, adjusting for covariates. Additionally, the lowest post-spinal MAP was negatively correlated with the number of daysbetween the onset of COVID-19 symptoms and delivery in patients with hypertension (correlation -0.55, 95% CI -0.81 to -0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy exhibit less spinal hypotension than non-infected patients. While the clinical significance of this finding is unknown, it points to important cardiovascular effects of the virus.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , COVID-19 , Hipotensão , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , SARS-CoV-2 , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/etiologia , Hemodinâmica , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico
19.
Pulmonology ; 29(1): 6-12, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex disease characterized by limited airflow and is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of gene polymorphisms in MIR5708 and MIR1208 on COPD risk. METHODS: Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MIR5708 (rs6473227 and rs16907751) and MIR1208 (rs2608029 and rs13280095) were selected and genotyped among 315 COPD patients and 314 healthy controls using the Agena MassARRAY platform. SPSS 18.0 was used for statistical analysis and data processing. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the association between genetic variants of MIR1208 and MIR5708 and COPD risk. RESULTS: The results suggested that rs16907751 variants in MIR5708 contributed to an increased susceptibility to COPD in the allelic (P = 0.001), co-dominant (homozygous) (P = 0.001), dominant (P = 0.017), recessive (P = 0.002), and additive (P = 0.002) models. The effects of MIR5708 and MIR1208 gene polymorphisms on the risk of COPD were age-, sex-, smoking status-, and BMI-related. Furthermore, the C-A and G-A haplotypes of rs2608029 and rs13280095 in MIR1208 were identified as risk factors for COPD in the population over 70 years (P = 0.029) and in women (P = 0.049), respectively. Finally, significant associations between rs16907751genotypes with pulse rate and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were found among COPD patients. CONCLUSION: Genetic polymorphisms in MIR5708 and MIR1208 are associated with increased risk of COPD in China.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , População do Leste Asiático , Pulmão , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética
20.
Physiol Res ; 72(6): 741-752, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215061

RESUMO

To compare different rat models of sepsis at different time points, based on pulmonary or extrapulmonary injury mechanisms, to identify a model which is more stable and reproducible to cause sepsis-associated acute lung injury (ALI). Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to (1) cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) with single (CLP1 group) or two repeated through-and-through punctures (CLP2 group); (2) tail vein injection with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of 10mg/kg (IV-LPS10 group) or 20 mg/kg (IV-LPS20 group); (3) intratracheal instillation with LPS of 10mg/kg (IT-LPS10 group) or 20mg/kg (IT-LPS20 group). Each of the model groups had a sham group. 7-day survival rates of each group were observed (n=15 for each group). Moreover, three time points were set for additional experimental studying in each model group: 4 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours after modeling (every time point, n=8 for each group). Rats were sacrificed to collect BALF and lung tissue samples at different time points for detection of IL-6, TNF-alpha, total protein concentration in BALF and MPO activity, HMGB1 protein expression in lung tissues, as well as the histopathological changes of lung tissues. More than 50 % of the rats died within 7 days in each model group, except for the IT-LPS10 group. In contrast, the mortality rates in the two IV-LPS groups as well as the IT-LPS20 group were significantly higher than that in IT-LPS10 group. Rats received LPS by intratracheal instillation exhibited evident histopathological changes and inflammatory exudation in the lung, but there was no evidence of lung injury in CLP and IV-LPS groups. Rat model of intratracheal instillation with LPS proved to be a more stable and reproducible animal model to cause sepsis-associated ALI than the extrapulmonary models of sepsis.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Sepse , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/metabolismo
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