Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.500
Filtrar
1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115675, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075275

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rheum palmatum L. (RP) and Coptis chinensis Franch. (CC), frequently used as herbal pair (HP) in clinical practicing of traditional Chinese medicine, exerted predominate efficacies in colitis treatment. However, the mechanism of their synergism lacks scientific explanation. AIM OF THE STUDY: By integrating network pharmacology and DSS-induced colitis model, the anti-colitis effects and synergistic molecular mechanisms of RP-CC combination was determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo study, mice were divided into control, model, RP, CC and RP-CC (low, middle, high) groups, 2.5% DSS was administrated to induce colitis for consecutive 7 days, subsequently, the therapeutic effects were evaluated from body weight changes, disease activity index (DAI), and pathological conditions. After determining the shared and exclusive targets of RP and CC, respectively by network pharmacology, CETSA, WB, and qPCR were utilized to verify the action modes of RP and CC on specific targets. RESULTS: Compared to RP or CC used alone, RP-CC combination can significantly protect colon tissues from inflammatory damage in a dose-dependent manner via remarkably alleviating DAI and colon shortening. Network pharmacological analysis suggested that AKT1 would be the core target for RP-CC synergism since these two herbs could simultaneously but non-competitively bind to AKT1 at different sits. Furthermore, RP and CC could also influencing HIF and MAPK pathways, respectively, these additional actions attribute to more optimizing effectiveness towards colitis. CONCLUSION: In contrast to the mild therapeutic effects of RP or CC individually, RP-CC herb pair could exert strong and synergistic effects in treatment of colitis via non-competitive binding to AKT1 simultaneously, as well as exclusively influencing MAPK and HIF pathways. Our study not only provides the evidence for understanding the combined effect of RP and CC, but also brings up a new strategy and suggestive thoughts for the rationality of HP-based TCM formula.

2.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5497, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049042

RESUMO

Luhong recipe (LHR) is has been used as an empirical prescription for treating chronic heart failure for long, with safety, reliability, and significant efficacy. However, its pharmacokinetics has not yet been studied. This study aims to establish a ultra performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous analysis of epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, icariin, psoralen, and isopsoralen in rat plasma and apply it to the pharmacokinetic study of LHR after oral administration. These six analytes were ionized using positive electrospray ionization (ESI+ ). The MS/MS transitions used for monitoring are successively converted to m/z 839.3 → 369.1, m/z 809.2 → 369.1, m/z 823.3 → 369.1, m/z 677.2 → 205.2, m/z 187.1 → 115.2, and m/z 230 → 120.9. Linearity, precision, accuracy, stability, matrix effect, and recovery of the established method were within the acceptable range. The method was suitable for the determination of six analytes after oral administration of LHR. The pharmacokinetic results showed that the time to reach the peak concentration (Tmax ) was from 0.17 to 13.5 h, the peak concentration (Cmax ) was 109.23-980 ng/mL, the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC[0 - t] ) was 65.48-8846.08 ng·h/mL, and the apparent distribution volume (Vd) was 24,772-896,132 mL/kg. These results provided a meaningful basis for formulating the clinical dose regimen of LHR.

4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 399, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective therapeutics and vaccines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are currently lacking because of the mutation and immune escape of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Based on the propagation characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, rapid and accurate detection of complete virions from clinical samples and the environment is critical for assessing infection risk and containing further COVID-19 outbreaks. However, currently applicable methods cannot achieve large-scale clinical application due to factors such as the high viral load, cumbersome virus isolation steps, demanding environmental conditions, and long experimental periods. In this study, we developed an immuno molecular detection method combining capture of the viral spike glycoprotein with monoclonal antibodies and nucleic acid amplification via quantitative reverse transcription PCR to rapidly and accurately detect complete virions. RESULTS: After constructing a novel pseudovirus, screening for specific antibodies, and optimizing the detection parameters, the assay achieved a limit of detection of 9 × 102 transduction units/mL of viral titer with high confidence (~ 95%) and excellent stability against human serum and common virus/pseudovirus. The coefficients of variation were 1.0 ~ 2.0% for intra-assay and inter-assay analyses, respectively. Compared with reverse transcription-PCR, the immunomolecular method more accurately quantified complete virions. SARS-CoV-2/pseudovirus was more stable on plastic and paper compared with aluminum and copper in the detection of SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus under different conditions. Complete virions were detected up to 96 h after they were applied to these surfaces (except for copper), although the titer of the virions was greatly reduced. CONCLUSION: Convenient, inexpensive, and accurate complete virus detection can be applied to many fields, including monitoring the infectivity of convalescent and post-discharge patients and assessing high-risk environments (isolation rooms, operating rooms, patient living environments, and cold chain logistics). This method can also be used to detect intact virions, including Hepatitis B and C viruses, human immunodeficiency virus, influenza, and the partial pulmonary virus, which may further improve the accuracy of diagnoses and facilitate individualized and precise treatments.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Assistência ao Convalescente , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Cobre , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , SARS-CoV-2 , Vírion
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 979307, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091841

RESUMO

Triptolide (TP) is the major pharmacologically active ingredient and toxic component of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. However, its clinical potential is limited by a narrow therapeutic window and multiple organ toxicity, especially hepatotoxicity. Furthermore, TP-induced hepatotoxicity shows significant inter-individual variability. Over the past few decades, research has been devoted to the study of TP-induced hepatotoxicity and its mechanism. In this review, we summarized the mechanism of TP-induced hepatotoxicity. Studies have demonstrated that TP-induced hepatotoxicity is associated with CYP450s, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), oxidative stress, excessive autophagy, apoptosis, metabolic disorders, immunity, and the gut microbiota. These new findings provide a comprehensive understanding of TP-induced hepatotoxicity and detoxification.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(18)2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36146309

RESUMO

Sharing scientific data is an effective means to rationally exploit scientific data and is vital to promote the development of the industrial chain and improve the level of science and technology. In recent years, the popularity of the open data platform has increased, but problems remain, including imperfect system architecture, unsound privacy and security, and non-standardized interaction data. To address these problems, the blockchain's decentralization, smart contracts, distributed storage, and other features can be used as the core technology for open data systems. This paper addresses the problems of opening, allocation-right confirmation, sharing, and rational use of wild-bird data from Yunnan Province, China. A data storage model is proposed based on the blockchain and interstellar file system and is applied to wild-bird data to overcome the mutual distrust between ornithology institutions in the collaborative processing and data storage of bird data. The model provides secure storage and secure access control of bird data in the cloud, thereby ensuring the decentralized and secure storage of wild-bird data for multiple research institutions.

7.
Langmuir ; 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137259

RESUMO

Surfaces possessing desirable underliquid special wettability, particularly underliquid dual superlyophobicity, have a high potential for extensive applications. However, there is still a lack of controllable preparation strategies to regulate the underliquid wettability via balancing the underliquid lyophilicity-lyophobicity. Herein, we develop a nanocomposite coating system comprising silica nanoparticles (NPs), glycerol propoxylate triglycidyl ether (GPTE), and fluorinated alkyl silane (FAS) to obtain controllable underliquid special wettability surfaces. FAS is the vital factor in guiding the preparation of the surface coating with expected underliquid superwettability. Increasing the FAS content results in a tendency toward underwater superoleophobicity/underoil hydrophilicity to underwater oleophilicity/underoil superhydrophobicity. Significantly, the underliquid dual superlyophobic surface can be achieved when an appropriate FAS content is located. After the coating treatment, the fabric exhibits superamphiphilicity in air and superlyophobicity in liquid (i.e., exhibiting both underwater superoleophobicity and underoil superhydrophobicity). The coating also exhibits an adaptable antioil fouling ability and high durability against harsh environments. Furthermore, oil/water separation based on the underliquid dual superlyophobicity of coated fabrics is successfully demonstrated. Our work proposes a new fabrication principle for the design of underliquid special wettability surfaces and offers broad applications, such as switchable oil/water separation, antibiofouling, liquid manipulation, and smart textiles.

8.
Int J Oncol ; 61(4)2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069230

RESUMO

Macrophages are principal immune cells with a high plasticity in the human body that can differentiate under different conditions in the tumor microenvironment to adopt two polarized phenotypes with opposite functions. Therefore, converting macrophages from the immunosuppressive phenotype (M2) to the inflammatory phenotype (M1) is considered a promising therapeutic strategy for cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this conversion process have not yet been completely elucidated. In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have been shown to play key roles in regulating macrophage polarization through their ability to modulate gene expression. In the present study, it was found that miR­382 expression was significantly downregulated in tumor­associated macrophages (TAMs) and M2­polarized macrophages in breast cancer. In vitro, macrophage polarization toward the M2 phenotype and M2­type cytokine release were inhibited by transfection with miR­382­overexpressing lentivirus. Similarly, the overexpression of miR­382 inhibited the ability of TAMs to promote the malignant behaviors of breast cancer cells. In addition, peroxisome proliferator­activated receptor γ coactivator­1α (PGC­1α) was identified as the downstream target of miR­382 and it was found that PGC­1α affected macrophage polarization by altering the metabolic status. The ectopic expression of PGC­1α restored the phenotype and cytokine secretion of miR­382­overexpressing macrophages. Furthermore, PGC­1α expression reversed the miR­382­induced changes in the metabolic state of TAMs and the effects of TAMs on breast cancer cells. Of note, the in vivo growth and metastasis of 4T1 cells were inhibited by miR­382­overexpressing TAMs. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that miR­382 may alter the metabolic status of macrophages by targeting PGC­1α, thereby decreasing the proportion of TAMs with the M2 phenotype, and inhibiting the progression and metastasis of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocinas , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor
9.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 4285-4290, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965849

RESUMO

Long-term chemotherapy and immunosuppressants in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients can result in a high risk of opportunistic infections. Rhizomucor pusillus is an opportunistic pathogen that exists in nature, but infection caused by R. pusillus is rare in the clinic. Notably, the sensitivity and detection time of conventional diagnostic tools for this fungus usually falls short of the needs of clinical diagnosis, resulting in treatment failure. Currently, metagenomics next-generation sequencing (mNGS) has played an important role in the detection of pathogens. Here, we report a case of R. pusillus pneumonia in a haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patient, detected by the mNGS method.

10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(17): 12247-12256, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35960254

RESUMO

Geobacter species are critically involved in elemental biogeochemical cycling and environmental bioremediation processes via extracellular electron transfer (EET), but the underlying biomolecular mechanisms remain elusive due to lack of effective analytical tools to explore into complicated EET networks. Here, a simple and highly efficient cytosine base editor was developed for engineering of the slow-growing Geobacter sulfurreducens (a doubling time of 5 h with acetate as the electron donor and fumarate as the electron acceptor). A single-plasmid cytosine base editor (pYYDT-BE) was constructed in G. sulfurreducens by fusing cytosine deaminase, Cas9 nickase, and a uracil glycosylase inhibitor. This system enabled single-locus editing at 100% efficiency and showed obvious preference at the cytosines in a TC, AC, or CC context than in a GC context. Gene inactivation tests confirmed that it could effectively edit 87.7-93.4% genes of the entire genome in nine model Geobacter species. With the aid of this base editor to construct a series of G. sulfurreducens mutants, we unveiled important roles of both pili and outer membrane c-type cytochromes in long-range EET, thereby providing important evidence to clarify the long-term controversy surrounding their specific roles. Furthermore, we find that pili were also involved in the extracellular reduction of uranium and clarified the key roles of the ExtHIJKL conduit complex and outer membrane c-type cytochromes in the selenite reduction process. This work developed an effective base editor tool for the genetic modification of Geobacter species and provided new insights into the EET network, which lay a basis for a better understanding and engineering of these microbes to favor environmental applications.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Geobacter , Citocromos/metabolismo , Citosina/metabolismo , Transporte de Elétrons , Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Geobacter/metabolismo , Oxirredução
11.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 16: 2767-2782, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36033133

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to elucidate the potential molecular mechanisms by which GSRd improves cardiac inflammation and immune environment after MI. Materials and Methods: The potential target genes of GSRd were predicted using the STITCH database. In vivo, MI mice models were established by left anterior descending ligation and were divided into the sham group, MI + Vehicle group, and MI + GSRd group. DMSO, DMSO, and GSRd 50 µL/day were intraperitoneally injected, respectively. After 28 days, echocardiography, Masson staining, immunofluorescence staining, flow cytometry, RT-PCR, and Western blot were performed. Mice peritoneal macrophages were extracted in vitro, and Western blot was performed after GSRd and/or Akt inhibitor MK2206 intervention. Results: GSRd significantly improved mouse myocardial function, attenuated cardiac fibrosis, and inhibited inflammation and apoptosis in myocardial tissues after myocardial infarction. Meanwhile, GSRd increased non-classical Ly6Clow Mos/Mps while reduced of classical Ly6Chigh Mos/Mps at the same time in myocardial tissues. In addition, GSRd significantly reversed the activity of p-Akt and p-mTOR in the heart Mos/Mps after MI. In vitro studies showed that the activity of p-Akt and p-mTOR in peritoneal macrophages were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner after GSRd treatment. Furthermore, the AKT inhibitor MK2206 was found to block the enhanced activity of p-Akt and p-mTOR induced by GSRd in peritoneal macrophages. Conclusion: GSRd can enhance the transformation of Ly6Chigh Mos/Mps to Ly6Clow Mos/Mps in mice after MI by activating the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, inhibiting cardiac dysfunction and promoting cardiac repair.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Animais , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Ginsenosídeos , Inflamação , Macrófagos Peritoneais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos , Miocárdio , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
12.
Purinergic Signal ; 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001278

RESUMO

Visceral pain is a prominent feature of various gastrointestinal diseases. The P2X7 receptor is expressed by multiple cell types including dorsal root ganglion satellite glial cells, macrophages, and spinal microglia, all of which have been implicated in nociceptive sensitization. We have used the selective and CNS penetrant P2X7 receptor antagonist Lu AF27139 to explore this receptor's role in distinct rat models of inflammatory and visceral hypersensitivity. Rats injected with CFA in the hindpaw displayed a marked reduction in hindpaw mechanical threshold, which was dose-dependently reversed by Lu AF27139 (3-30 mg/kg, p.o.). In rats injected with TNBS in the proximal colon, the colorectal distension threshold measured distally was significantly lower than sham treated rats at 7 days post-injection (P < 0.001), indicative of a marked central sensitization. Colonic hypersensitivity was also reversed by Lu AF27139 (10-100 mg/kg) and by the κ-opioid receptor agonist U-50,488H (3 mg/kg, s.c.). Moreover, both Lu AF27139 and U-50,488H prevented a TNBS-induced increase in spinal and brain levels of PGE2 and LTB4, as well as an increase in brain levels of PGF2α and TXB2. Lu AF27139 was well tolerated as revealed by a lack of significant effect on rotarod motor function and coordination at all doses tested up to 300 mg/kg. Thus, P2X7 receptor antagonism is efficacious in a rat model of visceral pain, via a mechanism which potentially involves attenuation of microglial function within spinal and/or supraspinal pain circuits, albeit a peripheral site of action cannot be excluded.

13.
Front Nutr ; 9: 973048, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35983484

RESUMO

Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a highly reactive precursor which forms advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in vivo, which lead to metabolic syndrome and chronic diseases. It is also a precursor of various carcinogens, including acrylamide and methylimidazole, in thermally processed foods. Rutin could efficiently scavenge MGO by the formation of various adducts. However, the metabolism and safety concerns of the derived adducts were paid less attention to. In this study, the optical isomers of di-MGO adducts of rutin, namely 6-(1-acetol)-8-(1-acetol)-rutin, were identified in foods and in vivo. After oral administration of rutin (100 mg/kg BW), these compounds reached the maximum level of 15.80 µg/L in plasma at 15 min, and decreased sharply under the quantitative level in 30 min. They were detected only in trace levels in kidney and fecal samples, while their corresponding oxidized adducts with dione structures presented as the predominant adducts in kidney, heart, and brain tissues, as well as in urine and feces. These results indicated that the unoxidized rutin-MGO adducts formed immediately after rutin ingestion might easily underwent oxidation, and finally deposited in tissues and excreted from the body in the oxidized forms. The formation of 6-(1-acetol)-8-(1-acetol)-rutin significantly mitigated the cytotoxicity of MGO against human gastric epithelial (GES-1), human colon carcinoma (Caco-2), and human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVEC) cells, which indicated that rutin has the potential to be applied as a safe and effective MGO scavenger and detoxifier, and AGEs inhibitor.

14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 4117-4126, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937786

RESUMO

Background: The effect of nosocomial infections (NIs) in adult patients undergoing ECMO has been rarely reported in China. Moreover, the effect of NIs on ECMO patients' mortality is still unclear and inconclusive according to literature data. In this study, we examined the prevalence, risk factors, causative organisms, and effects on outcomes of NIs in ECMO patients. Methods: A total of 79 nonsurgical patients (mean age 53.3±15.2 year (yr); 66% male) who underwent ECMO between January 2011 and September 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients' demographic and clinical data and ECMO parameters were collected from all patients. Results: Among 79 patients who underwent ECMO for a total of 1253 ECMO days (mean time 15.9±14.1 d), 42 developed NIs. We observed 30 ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), 19 bloodstream infections (BSIs), and 4 urinary tract infections, corresponding to 23.9/1000 ECMO days, 15.2/1000 ECMO days, and 3.2/1000 ECMO days, respectively. ECMO duration (22.0±16.5 VS 8.9±5.3 d, P < 0.001), invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) duration (27.4±20.5 VS 11.4±10.1 d, P < 0001), and ICU length of stay (35.9±22.9 VS 15.7±9.2 d, P < 0.001) were longer in patients with NIs. The independent risk factors for NIs were ECMO duration (Odds Ratio [OR], 1.414; 95% Confidence Interval [CI], (1.051-1.238); P = 0.002) and viral pneumonia (OR, 5.788; 95% CI, (1.551-21.596); P = 0.009). Gram-negative bacteria were the most common causative organisms of NIs; Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii), Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) were the most common bacteria. BSI (OR, 8.106; 95% CI, (1.384-47.474); P = 0.02) was an independent predictor for mortality. Conclusion: NIs are common complications in patients during ECMO treatment, especially VAP, followed by BSI. Also, BSI can negatively affect the survival rate.

15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 355, 2022 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite use of drug-eluting stents (DES), in-stent restenosis (ISR) continues adversely affecting clinical outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) has athero-protective effects. However, there is a paucity of clinical data regarding the association between apoA-I and ISR. We sought to investigate whether serum apoA-I is related to ISR after DES-based PCI. METHODS: In this retrospective case control study, 604 consecutive patients who underwent DES implantation before were enrolled. Patients who underwent repeat angiography within 12 months were included in the early ISR study (n = 205), while those beyond 12 months were included in the late ISR study (n = 399). ISR was defined as the presence of > 50% diameter stenosis at the stent site or at its edges. Clinical characteristics were compared between ISR and non-ISR patients in the early and late ISR study, respectively, after adjusting for confounding factors by multivariate logistic regression, stratified analysis, and propensity score matching. The predictive value was assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and quartile analysis. RESULTS: In the early ISR study, 8.8% (18 of 205) patients developed ISR. Serum apoA-I in the ISR group was lower than that in the non-ISR group (1.1 ± 0.26 vs. 1.24 ± 0.23, P < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, apoA-I was an independent risk factor for early ISR. Incidence of early ISR showed negative correlation with apoA-I and could be predicted by the combined use of apoA-I and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level. In the late ISR study, 21.8% (87 of 399) patients developed ISR. On subgroup analysis, late ISR showed negative correlation with apoA-I irrespective of intensive lipid lowering; on multivariate logistic regression analysis, apoA-I was also an independent risk factor for late ISR. In patients with intensive lipid lowering, combined use of apoA-I, stenting time, and diabetes predicted the incidence of late ISR. CONCLUSIONS: ApoA-I was an independent risk factor for ISR, and showed a negative correlation with ISR after DES-based PCI. Combined use of apoA-I and clinical indicators may better predict the incidence of ISR under certain circumstances.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Apolipoproteína A-I , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 300, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between integrin subunit alpha V (ITGAV) and cancers, including small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS: Using large sample size from multiple sources, the clinical roles of ITGAV expression in SCLC were explored using differential expression analysis, receiver operating characteristic curves, Kaplan-Meier curves, etc. RESULTS: Decreased mRNA (SMD = - 1.05) and increased protein levels of ITGAV were detected in SCLC (n = 865). Transcription factors-ZEB2, IK2F1, and EGR2-may regulate ITGAV expression in SCLC, as they had ChIP-Seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing) peaks upstream of the transcription start site of ITGAV. ITGAV expression made it feasible to distinguish SCLC from non-SCLC (AUC = 0.88, sensitivity = 0.78, specificity = 0.84), and represented a risk role in the prognosis of SCLC (p < 0.05). ITGAV may play a role in cancers by influencing several immunity-related signaling pathways and immune cells. Further, the extensive pan-cancer analysis verified the differential expression of ITGAV and its clinical significance in multiple cancers. CONCLUSION: ITGAV served as a potential marker for prognosis and identification of cancers including SCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Humanos , Integrinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 913007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990680

RESUMO

Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a common pathological feature contributing to chronic injury and maladaptive repair following acute kidney injury. Currently, there is no effective therapy for RIF. We have reported that locked nuclear acid (LNA)-anti-miR-150 antagonizes pro-fibrotic pathways in human renal tubular cells by regulating the suppressor of cytokine signal 1 (SOCS1)/Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway. In the present study, we aimed to clarify whether LNA-anti-miR-150 attenuates folic acid-induced RIF mice by regulating this pathway and by reducing pro-inflammatory M1/M2 macrophage polarization. We found that renal miR-150 was upregulated in folic acid-induced RIF mice at day 30 after injection. LNA-anti-miR-150 alleviated the degree of RIF, as shown by periodic acid-Schiff and Masson staining and by the expression of pro-fibrotic proteins, including alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin. In RIF mice, SOCS1 was downregulated, and p-JAK1 and p-STAT1 were upregulated. LNA-anti-miR-150 reversed the changes in renal SOCS1, p-JAK1, and p-STAT1 expression. In addition, renal infiltration of total macrophages, pro-inflammatory M1 and M2 macrophages as well as their secreted cytokines were increased in RIF mice compared to control mice. Importantly, in folic acid-induced RIF mice, LNA-anti-miR-150 attenuated the renal infiltration of total macrophages and pro-inflammatory subsets, including M1 macrophages expressing CD11c and M2 macrophages expressing CD206. We conclude that the anti-renal fibrotic role of LNA-anti-miR-150 in folic acid-induced RIF mice may be mediated by reducing pro-inflammatory M1 and M2 macrophage polarization via the SOCS1/JAK1/STAT1 pathway.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , MicroRNAs , Animais , Antagomirs/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fibrose , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Humanos , Nefropatias/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras da Sinalização de Citocina/metabolismo
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 915786, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36016890

RESUMO

An undesirable psychological state may deteriorate individual's weight management-related behaviors. This study aims to see if ineffective weight control measures were linked to depressive symptoms during pregnancy. We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 784 pregnant women and collected information on sociodemographic factors, maternal characteristics, depression, and weight management activities throughout pregnancy (exercise management, dietary management, self-monitoring regulation, and management objectives). About 17.5% of pregnant women exhibited depressive symptoms. The mean score on dietary management was upper-middle, exercise management and self-monitoring regulation were medium, and management objectives were lower-middle. Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that pregnant women with depressive symptoms had lower levels of exercise management (ß = -1.585, p = 0.005), dietary management (adjusted ß = -0.984, p = 0.002), and management objectives (adjusted ß = -0.726, p = 0.009). However, there was no significant relationship between depressive symptoms and pregnant women's self-monitoring regulating behavior (p > 0.05). The findings indicated the inverse association between depressive symptoms and gestational weight management behaviors. These results offer important indications for pregnancy weight management professionals by highlighting the need for mental health interventions for pregnant women experiencing depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
Depressão , Complicações na Gravidez , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia
19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5009, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36008416

RESUMO

Adipic acid is an important building block of polymers, and is commercially produced by thermo-catalytic oxidation of ketone-alcohol oil (a mixture of cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone). However, this process heavily relies on the use of corrosive nitric acid while releases nitrous oxide as a potent greenhouse gas. Herein, we report an electrocatalytic strategy for the oxidation of cyclohexanone to adipic acid coupled with H2 production over a nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2) catalyst modified with sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS). The intercalated SDS facilitates the enrichment of immiscible cyclohexanone in aqueous medium, thus achieving 3.6-fold greater productivity of adipic acid and higher faradaic efficiency (FE) compared with pure Ni(OH)2 (93% versus 56%). This strategy is demonstrated effective for a variety of immiscible aldehydes and ketones in aqueous solution. Furthermore, we design a realistic two-electrode flow electrolyzer for electrooxidation of cyclohexanone coupling with H2 production, attaining adipic acid productivity of 4.7 mmol coupled with H2 productivity of 8.0 L at 0.8 A (corresponding to 30 mA cm-2) in 24 h.

20.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(8)2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014183

RESUMO

Compliant bipedal robots demonstrate a potential for impact resistance and high energy efficiency through the introduction of compliant elements. However, it also adds to the difficulty of stable control of the robot. To motivate the control strategies of compliant bipedal robots, this work presents an improved control strategy for the stable and fast planar jumping of a compliant one-legged robot designed by the authors, which utilizes the concept of the virtual pendulum. The robot was modeled as an extended spring-loaded inverted pendulum (SLIP) model with non-negligible torso inertia, leg inertia, and leg damping. To enable the robot to jump forward stably, a foot placement method was adopted, where due to the asymmetric feature of the extended SLIP model, a variable time coefficient and an integral term with respect to the forward speed tracking error were introduced to the method to accurately track a given forward speed. An energy-based leg rest length regulation method was used to compensate for the energy dissipation due to leg damping, where an integral term, regarding jumping height tracking error, was introduced to accurately track a given jumping height. Numerical simulations were conducted to validate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy. Results show that stable and fast jumping of compliant one-legged robots could be achieved, and the desired forward speed and jumping height could also be accurately tracked. In addition to that, using the proposed control strategy, the robust jumping performance of the robot could be observed in the presence of disturbances from state variables or uneven terrain.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...