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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715895

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify and classify submucosal tumors by building and validating a radiomics model with gastrointestinal endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) images. Methods: A total of 144 patients diagnosed with submucosal tumors through gastrointestinal EUS were collected between January 2019 and October 2020. There are 1952 radiomic features extracted from each patient's EUS images. The statistical test and the customized least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression were used for feature selection. Subsequently, an extremely randomized trees algorithm was utilized to construct a robust radiomics classification model specifically tailored for gastrointestinal EUS images. The performance of the model was measured by evaluating the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: The radiomics model comprised 30 selected features that showed good discrimination performance in the validation cohorts. During validation, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated as 0.9203 and the mean value after 10-fold cross-validation was 0.9260, indicating excellent stability and calibration. These results confirm the clinical utility of the model. Conclusions: Utilizing the dataset provided curated from gastrointestinal EUS examinations at our collaborating hospital, we have developed a well-performing radiomics model. It can be used for personalized and non-invasive prediction of the type of submucosal tumors, providing physicians with aid for early treatment and management of tumor progression.

2.
Anim Nutr ; 17: 75-86, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737580

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of different proportions of dietary fermented sweet potato residue (FSPR) supplementation as a substitute for corn on the nutrient digestibility, meat quality, and intestinal microbes of yellow-feathered broilers. Experiment 1 (force-feeding) evaluated the nutrient composition and digestibility of mixtures with different proportions of sweet potato residue (70%, 80%, 90%, and 100%) before and after fermentation. In Experiment 2 (metabolic growth), a total of 420 one-day-old yellow-feathered broilers were randomly allocated to 4 groups and fed corn-soybean meal-based diets with 0, 5%, 8%, and 10% FSPR as a substitute for corn. The force-feeding and metabolic growth experiments were performed for 9 and 70 d, respectively. The treatment of 70% sweet potato residue (after fermentation) had the highest levels of crude protein, ether extract, and crude fiber and improved the digestibility of crude protein and amino acids (P < 0.05). Although dietary FSPR supplementation at different levels had no significant effect on growth performance and intestinal morphology, it improved slaughter rate, half-chamber rate, full clearance rate, and meat color, as well as reduced cooking loss in the breast and thigh muscles (P < 0.05). Dietary supplementation with 8% and 10% FSPR increased the serum immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G levels in broilers (P < 0.05). Furthermore, 10% FSPR increased the Shannon index and Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014, Ruminococcaceae_UCG-010 and Romboutsia abundances and decreased Sutterella and Megamonas abundances (P < 0.05). Spearman's correlation analysis showed that meat color was positively correlated with Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014 (P < 0.05) and negatively correlated with Megamonas (P < 0.05). Collectively, 70% sweet potato residue (after fermentation) had the best nutritional value and nutrient digestibility. Dietary supplementation with 8% to 10% FSPR as a substitute for corn can improve the slaughter performance, meat quality, and intestinal microbe profiles of broilers. Our findings suggest that FSPR has the potential to be used as a substitute for corn-soybean meals to improve the meat quality and intestinal health of broilers.

4.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 159, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer have been faced with significant challenges in recent years. Particular interest is directed to tumor microenvironment function. Recent work has, identified a small molecule named Divertin that prevents myosin light chain kinase 1(MLCK1) recruitment to the perijunctional actomyosin ring(PAMR), restores barrier function after tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-induced barrier loss and prevents disease progression in experimental inflammatory bowel disease. Studies have shown that MLCK is a potential target for affecting intestinal barrier function, as well as for tumor therapy. However, the relative contributions of MLCK expression and chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancers have not been defined. METHODS: Statistical analysis of MYLK gene expression differences in colorectal cancer patients and normal population and prognosis results from The Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA) data. Cell activity was detected by Cell counting Kit-8. Cell proliferation was detected by monoclonal plate. The apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and western blot. Determine the role of MLCK1 in inducing 5-Fluorouracil(5-Fu) resistance in colorectal cancer cells was detected by overexpression of MLCK1 and knock-down expression of MLCK1. RESULTS: MLCK1 is expressed at different levels in different colorectal cancer cells, high MLCK1 expressing cell lines are less sensitive to 5-Fu, and low MLCK1 expressing cell lines are more sensitive to 5-Fu. MLCK1 high expression enhances resistance to 5-Fu in colorectal cancer cells and the sensitivity to 5-Fu was increased after knocking down the expression of MLCK1, that might be closely correlated to TNFR2/NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSIONS: MLCK1 high expression can enhance resistance to 5-Fu in colorectal cancer cells and the sensitivity to 5-Fu was increased after knocking down the expression of MLCK1, that might be closely correlated to TNFR2/NF-κB pathway, which will provide a new method for the treatment of colorectal cancer patients who are resistant to 5-Fu chemotherapy.

5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The steam processing characteristics of chicken are a key factor in the simplicity and versatility of steamed chicken dishes. The aim of this study was to investigate in depth the changes in tenderness and water retention of marinated chicken at different slow steaming endpoint temperatures, and to further explore the effect of the evolution of protein conformations on the water status. RESULTS: The results showed that chicken samples' shear force peaked at 80 °C and decreased rapidly at 90 °C. As the steaming endpoint temperature increased between 50 and 90 °C, T21, T22, moisture content and centrifugal loss decreased, but P21, P22 and myofibril water-holding capacity showed regular changes. The electrophoretic bands and protein conformation changes showed that protein in marinated chicken underwent different degrees of denaturation, degradation and aggregation. And at 70 °C, with an increase of hydrophobic groups and crosslinking of disulfide bonds as well as an increase in the number of denatured sarcoplasmic proteins, the intermolecular network was enhanced, thus affecting the water retention. CONCLUSION: Water status of chicken meat heated at different steaming temperatures is closely related to the evolution of protein conformations. The present study serves as a robust theoretical foundation for enhancing the quality of steamed chicken products at an industrial scale. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

6.
Cancer Discov ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767413

RESUMO

High-grade gliomas (HGG) are deadly diseases for both adult and pediatric patients. Recently, it has been shown that neuronal activity promotes progression of multiple subgroups of HGG. However, epigenetic mechanisms that govern this process remain elusive. Here we report that the chromatin remodeler CHD2 regulates neuron-glioma interactions in diffuse midline glioma (DMG) characterized by onco-histone H3.1K27M. Depletion of CHD2 in H3.1K27M DMG cells compromises cell viability and neuron-to-glioma synaptic connections in vitro, neuron-induced proliferation of H3.1K27M DMG cells in vitro and in vivo, activity-dependent calcium transients in vivo, and extends the survival of H3.1K27M DMG-bearing mice. Mechanistically, CHD2 coordinates with the transcription factor FOSL1 to control the expression of axon-guidance and synaptic genes in H3.1K27M DMG cells. Together, our study reveals a mechanism whereby CHD2 controls the intrinsic gene program of the H3.1K27M DMG subtype, which in turn regulates the tumor growth-promoting interactions of glioma cells with neurons.

7.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2400781, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738822

RESUMO

Pyroelectric nanostructures could effectively generate temperature-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) through the pyroelectric effect, providing promise for treating hypoxic tumors, and therefore, the synergistic application of photothermal therapy (PTT) and pyroelectric dynamic therapy (PEDT) presents an intriguing approach for cancer therapy. However, this method still faces challenges in improving pyroelectric catalysis and achieving precise tumor localization. In this study, a nano-heterojunction based on CeO2-BaTiO3 nanorods (IR1061@PCBNR) is reported, which exhibits highly effective pyroelectric catalysis for simultaneous tumor-targeted dynamic therapy and gentle photothermal therapy through the utilization of the rich oxygen vacancies. The oxygen vacancies create active sites that facilitate the migration of pyroelectrically-induced charge carriers, improving charge separation and ROS generation. IR1061@PCBNR also demonstrates high tumor penetration while minimizing damage to normal cells. This precise nanomedicine strategy holds great potential for advancing dynamic cancer therapies by overcoming the limitations of conventional approaches. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10643, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724634

RESUMO

Heterojunctions play a crucial role in improving the absorption of visible light and performance of photocatalysts for organic contaminants degradation in water. In this work, a novel type-II-II Ag2CO3/Bi2WO6 (AB) heterojunction was synthesized by hydrothermal reaction and in situ-precipitation methods. The mechanisms of charge transfer and carrier separation at the interface of heterojunctions and the influence on the photocatalytic activity were investigated. The degradation of levofloxacin (LEV) under visible light irradiation was employed to evaluate the photocatalytic performance of AB. The results showed that 85.4% LEV was degraded by AB, which was 1.38 and 1.39 times higher than that of Bi2WO6 and Ag2CO3, respectively. The work functions of the different crystal planes in the AB heterojunction, which was calculated by density functional theory, are a significant difference. The Fermi energy (Ef) of Ag2CO3 (- 6.005 eV) is lower than Bi2WO6 (- 3.659 eV), but the conduction band (CB) is higher. Therefore, using AB heterojunctions as an example, the research explored the mechanism of type-II-II which CB and Ef of one semiconductor cannot simultaneously surpass those of another material, based on the built-in electric field theory. Through this analysis, a deeper understanding of type-II heterojunctions was achieved, and providing valuable insights into the behavior of this specific heterojunction system.

9.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 262, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pituitary abscess (PA) accounts for only 0.3-0.5% of sellar masses, and the lack of specific clinical symptoms makes diagnosing PA difficult without a surgical biopsy. In clinical practice, PA is often mistaken for cystic pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, and Rathke's cyst. Thus, this study aims to investigate challenges in diagnosing PA and evaluate the importance of combining intraoperative surgery with postoperative antibiotic treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 19 patients diagnosed with PA through histopathology. All patients underwent transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for pituitary adenomas after undergoing comprehensive preoperative evaluations, including routine tests, endocrine assay, and imaging examination. Furthermore, we compared different treatments for pituitary abscess (PA) to determine the most effective approach for achieving a favorable prognosis. RESULTS: The most prevalent symptom of PA was headache, especially in the frontal-temporal and vertex regions, ranging from mild to moderate severity. Hypopituitarism-related symptoms were also frequently observed, including hypaphrodisia, cold sensitivity, fatigue, weight loss, polyuria, and amenorrhea. Twelve patients exhibited abnormalities in endocrinology examinations. Diagnosing PA correctly is challenging. In our study, none of the patients were correctly diagnosed with PA prior to surgery, and many sellar lesions were misdiagnosed. The favorable prognosis was largely attributed to surgical intervention and active postoperative antibiotic therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Given the lack of clarity in preoperative diagnosis, typical intraoperative findings and effective antibiotics treatment are more indicative of the correct diagnosis than other tests. In terms of therapy, optimal surgical intervention and active postoperative antibiotic treatment contribute to resolving the challenges posed by PA.


Assuntos
Doenças da Hipófise , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Hipófise/diagnóstico , Doenças da Hipófise/cirurgia , Doenças da Hipófise/terapia , Idoso , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/terapia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Abscesso Encefálico/diagnóstico , Abscesso Encefálico/terapia , Abscesso/diagnóstico , Abscesso/terapia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
10.
Addict Biol ; 29(5): e13399, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711213

RESUMO

Excessive use of the internet, which is a typical scenario of self-control failure, could lead to potential consequences such as anxiety, depression, and diminished academic performance. However, the underlying neuropsychological mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study aims to investigate the structural basis of self-control and internet addiction. In a cohort of 96 internet gamers, we examined the relationships among grey matter volume and white matter integrity within the frontostriatal circuits and internet addiction severity, as well as self-control measures. The results showed a significant and negative correlation between dACC grey matter volume and internet addiction severity (p < 0.001), but not with self-control. Subsequent tractography from the dACC to the bilateral ventral striatum (VS) was conducted. The fractional anisotropy (FA) and radial diffusivity of dACC-right VS pathway was negatively (p = 0.011) and positively (p = 0.020) correlated with internet addiction severity, respectively, and the FA was also positively correlated with self-control (p = 0.036). These associations were not observed for the dACC-left VS pathway. Further mediation analysis demonstrated a significant complete mediation effect of self-control on the relationship between FA of the dACC-right VS pathway and internet addiction severity. Our findings suggest that the dACC-right VS pathway is a critical neural substrate for both internet addiction and self-control. Deficits in this pathway may lead to impaired self-regulation over internet usage, exacerbating the severity of internet addiction.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Substância Cinzenta , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Autocontrole , Substância Branca , Humanos , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia , Masculino , Transtorno de Adição à Internet/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno de Adição à Internet/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Estriado Ventral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estriado Ventral/fisiopatologia , Estriado Ventral/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vias Neurais/fisiopatologia , Corpo Estriado/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpo Estriado/patologia , Corpo Estriado/fisiopatologia , Internet , Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Frontal/patologia , Lobo Frontal/fisiopatologia
11.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 15(2): 612-629, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756644

RESUMO

Background: Several studies demonstrated trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) plus bevacizumab (BEV) had better efficacy than the monotherapy of TAS-102 in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, it remains unclear whether Chinese population can benefit from this combination or not. Hence, we conducted this retrospective cohort study to compare the efficacy and safety between TAS-102 plus BEV with TAS-102 monotherapy in refractory mCRC. Methods: This retrospective cohort study enrolled patients (any age) with refractory mCRC from Hunan Cancer Hospital. The main inclusion criteria were histopathologically and/or radiographically confirmed refractory mCRC, World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 0 to 2, adequate organ function, and initial treatment of TAS-102 with or without BEV between November 2020 and October 2022. Previous therapy with fruquintinib or regorafenib was allowed but not mandatory. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were collected appropriately. Every 2 or 3 treatment cycles, the patients were assessed by computed tomography (CT) scans and clinical assessments until disease progression or loss to follow-up. The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 5.0 (NCI-CTCAE 5.0) were presented as n (%). The primary endpoint was investigator-evaluated overall survival (OS). As this is a retrospective cohort study, sample size calculation was not performed. Eligible patients would be enrolled as many as possible. Results: A total of 90 patients were enrolled, including 58 patients who received TAS-102 plus BEV and another 32 patients who received TAS-102 monotherapy. The known baseline characteristics were comparable (P<0.05). With a median follow-up of 4.60 months (range, 0.20-22.80), the median OS (mOS) time in the TAS-102 plus BEV group was longer than that in the TAS-102 monotherapy group (10.83 vs. 7.43 months), but the difference was not significant (P=0.79). The median progression-free survival (mPFS) time was comparable between the two groups (4.67 vs. 4.30 months, P=0.96). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that undergoing therapy after TAS-102 either with or without BEV was an independent risk factor for OS [hazard ratio (HR) =0.25; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.09-0.71, P<0.01], and previous treatment with cetuximab was an independent protective factor for PFS (HR =0.17; 95% CI: 0.03-0.91, P=0.04). Of the 70 patients who were evaluated, those receiving TAS-102 plus BEV showed trend of a higher objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) than those who received TAS-102 monotherapy (P=0.16 and P=0.29, respectively). Adverse events (AEs) were similar between the two groups, except that the incidence of platelet count decrease (grade ≥3) was significantly higher in the TAS-102 plus BEV group. Conclusions: There was a trend in favor of the combination of BEV plus TAS-102 regarding OS and DCR, without reaching statistical significance, and it means that there was no clear advantage of one over the other in terms of efficacy. Further prospective studies are still necessary to draw a definite conclusion.

12.
J Plant Physiol ; 299: 154258, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761672

RESUMO

Vacuoles account for 90% of plant cell volume and play important roles in maintaining osmotic pressure, storing metabolites and lysosomes, compartmentalizing harmful ions, and storing and reusing minerals. These functions closely relay on the ion channels and transporters located on the tonoplast. The separation of intact vacuoles from plant cells is the key technology utilized in the study of tonoplast-located ion channels and transporters. However, the current vacuole separation methods are available for Arabidopsis and some other dicotyledons but are lacking for monocot crops. In this study, we established a new method for the vacuole separation from wheat mesophyll cells and investigated the transmembrane proton flux of tonoplasts with non-invasive micro-test technology (NMT). Moreover, our study provides a technology for the study of vacuole functions in monocot crops.

13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11240, 2024 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755191

RESUMO

Nao-an Dropping Pill (NADP) is a Chinese patent medicine which commonly used in clinic for ischemic stroke (IS). However, the material basis and mechanism of its prevention or treatment of IS are unclear, then we carried out this study. 52 incoming blood components were resolved by UHPLC-MS/MS from rat serum, including 45 prototype components. The potential active prototype components hydroxysafflor yellow A, ginsenoside F1, quercetin, ferulic acid and caffeic acid screened by network pharmacology showed strongly binding ability with PIK3CA, AKT1, NOS3, NFE2L2 and HMOX1 by molecular docking. In vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) experimental results showed that NADP protected HA1800 cells from OGD/R-induced apoptosis by affecting the release of LDH, production of NO, and content of SOD and MDA. Meanwhile, NADP could improve behavioral of middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) rats, reduce ischemic area of cerebral cortex, decrease brain water and glutamate (Glu) content, and improve oxidative stress response. Immunohistochemical results showed that NADP significantly regulated the expression of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, eNOS, p-eNOS, Nrf2 and HO-1 in cerebral ischemic tissues. The results suggested that NADP protects brain tissues and ameliorates oxidative stress damage to brain tissues from IS by regulating PI3K/Akt/eNOS and Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathways.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/prevenção & controle , Ratos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
14.
Asian J Androl ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748861

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (mTESE) is commonly performed to retrieve sperm in the testes for assisted reproductive techniques in patients with idiopathic nonobstructive azoospermia (iNOA). However, the success rate of sperm retrieval varies among individuals. We aim to investigate the association between clinical parameters and sperm retrieval outcomes in patients with iNOA. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science from database inception to August 2, 2023. The main measure was whether sperm retrieval was successful in patients with iNOA who underwent mTESE. Pooled estimates of the sperm retrieval rate and weighted mean differences were calculated using random-effects models. The overall sperm retrieval rate was 36.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 27.5%-46.0%, I2 = 95.0%) in nine studies comprising 1892 patients with iNOA. No significant differences were found in age, testicular volume, serum total testosterone concentrations, or inhibin B concentrations between positive and negative sperm retrieval outcomes. Lower anti-Müllerian hormone concentrations in patients with iNOA were associated with a positive outcome of mTESE (weighted mean differences: -2.70; 95% CI: -3.94--1.46, I2 = 79.0%). In conclusion, this study shows a significant relationship between anti-Müllerian hormone and sperm retrieval outcomes in patients with iNOA, while age, testicular volume, total testosterone, and inhibin B show no significant association. These findings have important implications for assessing the potential success of sperm retrieval and selecting appropriate treatment strategies in patients with iNOA.

15.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2825, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561362

RESUMO

Ten-eleven translocation (TET) 2 is an enzyme that catalyzes DNA demethylation to regulate gene expression by oxidizing 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, functioning as an essential epigenetic regulator in various biological processes. However, the regulation and function of TET2 in adipocytes during obesity are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that leptin, a key adipokine in mammalian energy homeostasis regulation, suppresses adipocyte TET2 levels via JAK2-STAT3 signaling. Adipocyte Tet2 deficiency protects against high-fat diet-induced weight gain by reducing leptin levels and further improving leptin sensitivity in obese male mice. By interacting with C/EBPα, adipocyte TET2 increases the hydroxymethylcytosine levels of the leptin gene promoter, thereby promoting leptin gene expression. A decrease in adipose TET2 is associated with obesity-related hyperleptinemia in humans. Inhibition of TET2 suppresses the production of leptin in mature human adipocytes. Our findings support the existence of a negative feedback loop between TET2 and leptin in adipocytes and reveal a compensatory mechanism for the body to counteract the metabolic dysfunction caused by obesity.


Assuntos
Dioxigenases , Leptina , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Peso Corporal , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Retroalimentação , Leptina/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo
16.
Int J Pharm ; 657: 124126, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626845

RESUMO

As the monotherapy of available analgesics is usually accompanied by serious side effects or limited efficacy in the management of chronic pain, multimodal analgesia is widely used to achieve improved benefit-to-risk ratios in clinic. Drug-drug salts are extensively researched to optimize the physicochemical properties of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and achieve clinical benefits compared with individual APIs or their combination. New drug-drug salt crystals metformin-ibuprofen (MET-IBU) and metformin-naproxen (MET-NAP) were prepared from metformin (MET) and two poorly water-soluble anti-inflammatory drugs (IBU and NAP) by the solvent evaporation method. The structures of these crystals were confirmed by single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, Hirshfeld surface, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis. Both MET-IBU and MET-NAP showed significantly improved solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate than the pure IBU or NAP. The stability test indicated that MET-IBU and MET-NAP have excellent physical stability under stressing test (10 days) and accelerated conditions (3 months). Moreover, isobolographic analysis suggested that MET-IBU and MET-NAP exerted potent and synergistic antinociceptive effects in λ-Carrageenan-induced inflammatory pain in mice, and both of them had an advantage in rapid pain relief. These results demonstrated the potential of MET-IBU and MET-NAP to achieve synergistic antinociceptive effects by developing drug-drug salt crystals.

17.
Health Educ Behav ; : 10901981241236415, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preadolescents, who are in a transitional phase of development, may experience higher exposure to heterosexual interactions while facing higher risks regarding misinformation in sexual knowledge and unsafe engagement in sexual activities. There is a deficiency in the availability of qualified educators and age-appropriate teaching materials for sexuality education in China. METHODS: We implemented an animation-based comprehensive sexuality education package among preadolescents aged 9 to 12 years from eight schools in Anhui, China. The first round of intervention included 1,835 participants, lasting 2 months from September to November 2020. A total of 374 participants, accounting for 52% of the intervention group, received a second round of intervention in September 2021. Participants completed immediate follow-up assessment and 1-year follow-up assessment to assess changes in their sexual knowledge, attitudes, and other outcomes. Propensity score matching and difference-in-difference analysis were performed to determine the short- and long-term impacts. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed for both sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes in the immediate follow-up. There was no significant effect on pornography-seeking behavior or awareness of experiencing sexual abuse. After 1 year, the effect was sustained for sexual knowledge, but slightly declined for sexual attitudes. The second intervention significantly improved sexual knowledge; however, no significant change in sexual attitudes, pornography-seeking behavior, or awareness of experiencing sexual abuse was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our comprehensive sexuality education package was effective in improving sexual knowledge both immediately and 1 year after the intervention. Repeated intervention can be an effective strategy for promoting preadolescent health development regarding comprehensive sexuality education.

18.
Sci Adv ; 10(15): eadk4027, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608020

RESUMO

Drought is a major global challenge in agriculture that decreases crop production. γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) interfaces with drought stress in plants; however, a mechanistic understanding of the interaction between GABA accumulation and drought response remains to be established. Here we showed the potassium/proton exchanger TaNHX2 functions as a positive regulator in drought resistance in wheat by mediating cross-talk between the stomatal aperture and GABA accumulation. TaNHX2 interacted with glutamate decarboxylase TaGAD1, a key enzyme that synthesizes GABA from glutamate. Furthermore, TaNHX2 targeted the C-terminal auto-inhibitory domain of TaGAD1, enhanced its activity, and promoted GABA accumulation under drought stress. Consistent with this, the tanhx2 and tagad1 mutants showed reduced drought tolerance, and transgenic wheat with enhanced TaNHX2 expression had a yield advantage under water deficit without growth penalty. These results shed light on the plant stomatal movement mechanism under drought stress and the TaNHX2-TaGAD1 module may be harnessed for amelioration of negative environmental effects in wheat as well as other crops.


Assuntos
Resistência à Seca , Triticum , Triticum/genética , Ácido Glutâmico , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras , Potássio , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
19.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 99, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627366

RESUMO

This registration study assessed clinical outcomes of TQ-B3525, the dual phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) α/δ inhibitor, in relapsed and/or refractory follicular lymphoma (R/R FL). This phase II study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04324879. Registered March 27, 2020) comprised run-in stage and stage 2. R/R FL patients after ≥2 lines therapies received oral 20 mg TQ-B3525 once daily in a 28-day cycle until intolerable toxicity or disease progression. Primary endpoint was independent review committee (IRC)-assessed objective response rate (ORR). Based on results (ORR, 88.0%; duration of response [DOR], 11.8 months; progression-free survival [PFS], 12.0 months) in 25 patients at run-in stage, second stage study was initiated and included 82 patients for efficacy/safety analysis. Patients received prior-line (median, 3) therapies, with 56.1% refractory to previous last therapies; 73.2% experienced POD24 at baseline. At stage 2, ORR was 86.6% (71/82; 95% CI, 77.3-93.1%), with 28 (34.2%) complete responses. Disease control rate was 95.1% due to 7 (8.5%) stable diseases. Median time to response was 1.8 months. Among 71 responders, median DOR was not reached; 18-month DOR rate was 51.6%. with median follow-up of 13.3 months, median PFS was 18.5 (95% CI, 10.2-not estimable) months. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached by cutoff date; 24-month OS rate was estimated as 86.1%. Response rates and survival data were consistent across all subgroups. Grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events were observed in 63 (76.8%) cases, with neutropenia (22.0%), hyperglycemia (19.5%), and diarrhea (13.4%) being common. TQ-B3525 showed favorable efficacy and safety for R/R FL patients after ≥2 lines prior therapies.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/uso terapêutico
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been reported that maresin 1 (MaR1) is able to protect against the development of atherogenesis in cellular and animal models. This study was performed to investigate whether plasma MaR1 is associated with the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) at the population level. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 2822 non-ASCVD participants from a community-based cohort who were followed for about 8 years. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for ASCVD events according to baseline MaR1 quartiles were calculated using the Cox proportional hazards model. During follow-up, a total of 290 new ASCVD cases were identified. The restricted cubic spline analysis indicated a linear dose-response association between plasma MaR1 and incident ASCVD. In addition, the adjusted-HR (95% CI) for ASCVD events associated with one standard deviation increase in MaR1 was 0.79 (0.68-0.91). Moreover, the adjusted-HRs (95% CIs) for ASCVD events associated with the second, third and fourth quartiles versus the first quartile of plasma MaR1 were 1.00, 1.04 (0.76, 1.42), 0.88 (0.64, 1.22) and 0.58 (0.41, 0.84), respectively. Mediation analyses showed that the association between MaR1 and incident ASCVD was partially mediated by small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a mediation proportion of 9.23%. Further, the net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement of ASCVD risk were significantly improved when MaR1 was added to basic model established by conventional risk factors (all p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated plasma MaR1 concentrations are associated with a lower risk of ASCVD development.

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