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1.
Theranostics ; 10(9): 3980-3993, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226533

RESUMO

Rationale: Transmembrane member 16A (TMEM16A) is a component of calcium-activated chloride channels that regulate vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and remodeling. Autophagy, a highly conserved cellular catabolic process in eukaryotes, exerts important physiological functions in vascular SMCs. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between TMEM16A and autophagy during vascular remodeling. Methods: We generated a transgenic mouse that overexpresses TMEM16A specifically in vascular SMCs to verify the role of TMEM16A in vascular remodeling. Techniques employed included immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, co-immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting. Results: Autophagy was activated in aortas from angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertensive mice with decreased TMEM16A expression. The numbers of light chain 3B (LC3B)-positive puncta in aortas correlated with the medial cross-sectional aorta areas and TMEM16A expression during hypertension. SMC-specific TMEM16A overexpression markedly inhibited AngII-induced autophagy in mouse aortas. Moreover, in mouse aortic SMCs (MASMCs), AngII-induced autophagosome formation and autophagic flux were blocked by TMEM16A upregulation and were promoted by TMEM16A knockdown. The effect of TMEM16A on autophagy was independent of the mTOR pathway, but was associated with reduced kinase activity of the vacuolar protein sorting 34 (VPS34) enzyme. Overexpression of VPS34 attenuated the effect of TMEM16A overexpression on MASMC proliferation, while the effect of TMEM16A downregulation was abrogated by a VPS34 inhibitor. Further, co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that TMEM16A interacts with p62. TMEM16A overexpression inhibited AngII-induced p62-Bcl-2 binding and enhanced Bcl-2-Beclin-1 interactions, leading to suppression of Beclin-1/VPS34 complex formation. However, TMEM16A downregulation showed the opposite effects. Conclusion: TMEM16A regulates the four-way interaction between p62, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and VPS34, and coordinately prevents vascular autophagy and remodeling.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128948

RESUMO

Mitochondria are the powerhouse of cells. They are vital organelles that maintain cellular function and metabolism. Dysfunction of the mitochondria results in various diseases with a great diversity of clinical appearances. In the past, strategies have been developed for fabricating subcellular-targeting drug delivery nanocarriers, enabling cellular internalization and subsequent organelle localization. Of late, innovative strategies have emerged for the smart design of multi-functional nanocarriers. Hierarchical targeting enables nanocarriers to evade and overcome various barriers encountered upon in vivo administration to reach the organelle with good bioavailability. Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers allow controlled release of therapeutics to occur at the desired target site. Synergistic therapy can be achieved using a combination of approaches such as chemotherapy, gene and phototherapy. In this review, we surveyed the field for recent developments and strategies used in the smart design of nanocarriers for mitochondria-targeted therapeutics. Existing challenges and unexplored therapeutic opportunities are also highlighted and discussed to inspire the next generation of mitochondria-targeting nanotherapeutics.

3.
Org Lett ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142304

RESUMO

We have developed a novel π-π interaction and dual H-bond concerted control strategy to construct axially chiral naphthylamine heterocycles. With ortho-alkynyl-naphthylamines as the electrophile, indoles and 4-hydroxycoumarins were efficiently employed to construct axially chiral skeletons in good yields and with excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% enantiomeric excess). Furthermore, the resulting products could be converted to potential squaramides featuring organic catalysts.

4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144517

RESUMO

In the original article, Figs. 3b, 4a, c and 5d were published incorrectly. The correct version of the figures are provided in this correction.

5.
Arch Virol ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157391

RESUMO

A novel mycovirus with the proposed name "Magnaporthe oryzae narnavirus virus 1" (MoNV1), was described in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. The virus has a single-stranded (+ss) RNA genome of 2452 nucleotides, contains a single open reading frame (ORF) predicted to encode an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDRP), and is closely related to some viruses of the genus Narnavirus, family Narnaviridae, including Aspergillus fumigatus narnavirus 1 (AfNV1), Neofusicoccum parvum narnavirus 2 (NpNV2) and Alternaria tenuissima narnavirus 1 (AtNV2). Genome sequence comparisons and phylogenetic analysis suggested that MoNV1 is a new member of the genus Narnavirus. The RDRPs of MoNV1 and some closely related narnaviruses do not contain a typical metal-binding "GDD" motif and catalytic site. Further studies are needed to investigate the replication mechanism of these viruses.

6.
Appl Ergon ; 85: 103073, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174361

RESUMO

The debate around skeuomorphic and flat designs has been long lasting and inconclusive, in part because of the lack of empirical evidence supporting the superiority of one or the other icon style from the perspectives of function and aesthetics. Therefore, this study investigated whether older and younger users perceive the aesthetics of icon styles in the same manner as designers and which style results in the most efficient visual search. Using an experimental system that we developed, 24 older and 24 younger participants rated and searched application icons belonging to the two styles. The results indicated that there was generally a notable difference between participants' and designers' perceptions of icon design styles, even after training, and that the perceived icon design styles further influenced the visual search time and accuracy of the participants as well as their evaluation of the icons' beauty. The results imply that the younger participants could use the skeuomorphic icons more efficiently than they could use the flat icons and that they had an advantage over older participants in terms of this ability; however, aesthetically they appreciated flat icons more. In contrast, older participants searched skeuomorphic icons more quickly and accurately than they did flat icons, and aesthetically they appreciated skeuomorphic icons more.

7.
ACS Infect Dis ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125140

RESUMO

The recent outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) highlights an urgent need for therapeutics. Through a series of drug repurposing screening campaigns, niclosamide, an FDA-approved anthelminthic drug, was found to be effective against various viral infections with nanomolar to micromolar potency such as SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, ZIKV, HCV, and human adenovirus, indicating its potential as an antiviral agent. In this brief review, we summarize the broad antiviral activity of niclosamide and highlight its potential clinical use in the treatment of COVID-19.

8.
Org Lett ; 22(6): 2173-2177, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141758

RESUMO

In general, enantioselective C-H functionalization of N-monosubstituted anilines is a highly challenging task owing to the competitive chemoselective N-H bond insertion reactions. In this paper, we reported a direct highly chemo-, site-, and enantioselective para C-H aminoalkylation of N-monosubstituted aniline derivatives with isatin-derived ketimines in the presence of chiral phosphoric acids (CPAs) and offered a practical strategy for para asymmetric C-H functionalization of anilines containing N-H bonds.

9.
J Virol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188727

RESUMO

Brain-resident microglia and myeloid cells (perivascular macrophages) are important HIV reservoirs in vivo, especially in central nerve system (CNS). Despite anti-retroviral therapy (ART), low-level persistent HIV replication in these reservoirs remains detectable, which contributes to neuroinflammation and neurological disorders in HIV-infected patients. New approaches complimentary to ART to repressing residual HIV replication in CNS reservoirs are needed. Our group has recently identified a BRD4-selective small molecule modulator (ZL0580) that induces epigenetic suppression of HIV. Here, we examined the effects of this compound on HIV in human myeloid cells. We found that ZL0580 induces potent and durable suppression of both induced and basal HIV transcription in microglial cells (HC69) and monocytic cell lines (U1 and OM10.1). Pre-treatment of microglia with ZL0580 renders them more refractory to latent HIV reactivation, indicating epigenetic reprogramming effect of ZL0580 on HIV LTR in microglia. We also demonstrated that ZL0580 induces repressive effect on HIV in human primary monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) by promoting HIV suppression during ART treatment. Mechanistically, ZL0580 inhibits Tat transactivation in microglia by disrupting binding of Tat to CDK9, a process key to HIV transcription elongation. High-resolution MNase mapping identified that ZL0580 induces repressive chromatin structure at the HIV LTR. Taken together, our data suggest that ZL0580 represents a potential approach that could be used in combination with ART to suppress residual HIV replication and/or latent HIV reactivation in CNS reservoirs, thereby reducing HIV-associated neuroinflammation.IMPORTANCE Brain-resident microglia and perivascular macrophages are important HIV reservoirs in CNS. Persistent viral replication and latent HIV reactivation in CNS even under ART are believed to occur, causing neuroinflammation and neurological disorders in HIV-infected patients. It is critical to identify new approaches that can control residual HIV replication and/or latent HIV reactivation in these reservoirs. We here report that the BRD4-seletive small molecule modulator, ZL0580, induces potent and durable suppression of HIV in human microglial and monocytic cell lines. In an in vitro HIV-infected, ART-treated MDM model, we show that ZL0580 also induces suppressive effect on HIV in human primary macrophages. The significance of our research is that it suggests a potential new approach that has utility in combination with ART to suppress residual HIV replication and/or HIV reactivation in CNS reservoirs, thereby reducing neuroinflammation and neurological disorders in HIV-infected individuals.

10.
Environ Pollut ; 262: 114290, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155551

RESUMO

The micronutrient, zinc, plays a vital role in modulating cellular signaling recognition and enhancing intestinal barrier function. However, the precise mechanisms underlying the zinc regulation of intestinal stem cell (ISC) renewal and regeneration ability, which drive intestinal epithelial turnover to maintain the intestinal barrier, under physiological and pathological conditions are unknown. In this study, we used in vivo mouse plus ex vivo enteroid model to investigate thoroughly the protection efficacy of zinc L-aspartate (Zn-Asp) on intestinal mucosal integrity exposed to deoxynivalenol (DON). The results showed that 10 rather than 20 mg/kg body weight (BW) Zn-Asp (calculation in zinc) significantly increased the jejunum mass and ameliorated mucosa injury caused by 2 mg/kg BW DON treatment, including improvement of the intestinal morphology and barrier, as well as enteroid-forming and -budding efficiency, which was expanded from crypt cells isolated from jejunum of mice in each group. The repair process stimulated by Zn-Asp was also accompanied by increased fluorescence signal intensity of KRT20 and Villin; increased numbers of MUC2+, CAG+, LYZ+, BrdU+ and Ki67+ cells in mouse jejunum; and protein expression of Ki67 and PCNA in the jejunum, crypt and enteroid. Simultaneously, Zn-Asp increased ISC activity to promote intestinal epithelial renewal even under physiological conditions. These results were further verified in ex vivo enteroid culture experiments, which were treated with 100 µmol/L Zn-Asp (calculation in zinc) and 100 ng/mL DON for 72 h. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Zn-Asp improved intestinal integrity or accelerated wound healing along with Wnt/ß-catenin signaling upregulation or reactivation. Our findings indicate Zn-Asp, especially Zn, enhances ISC activity to maintain the intestinal integrity by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, which sheds some light upon effective preventive strategies for intestinal injury induced by mycotoxin based on ISCs with exogenous zinc preparations in the proper drugs, health foods or qualified feed.

11.
J Autoimmun ; : 102440, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to address the biological function of miR-7 in an animal model of systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: MRLlpr/lpr lupus mice were administrated antagomiR-7 or a scramble control by tail vein for 5weeks. Three groups of animals' tissues were assessed for lupus manifestations by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry, and serum was examined for levels of autoantibodies and inflammatory cytokines. Splenic B cell subsets were assessed for intracellular expression of PI3K signaling by FACS. Finally, the ability of the miR-7 antagomir to regulate the expansion of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and B cell hyperresponsiveness was further explored. RESULTS: We found that miR-7 was up-regulated in MRLlpr/lpr lupus mice and directly targeted PTEN mRNA in B cells. Up-regulated miR-7 in MRLlpr/lpr lupus B cells was negatively correlated with PTEN expression. Notably, miR-7 antagomir treatment reduced lupus manifestations in MRLlpr/lpr lupus mice. miR-7-mediated down-regulation of PTEN/AKT signaling promoted B cell differentiation into plasmablasts/plasma cells and spontaneous germinal center (GC) formation, whereas miR-7 antagomir normalized splenic B cell subtypes. Besides suppressing the activation of B cells, miR-7 antagomir intervention also down-regulated STAT3 phosphorylation and production of IL-21 and reduced Tfh expansion. CONCLUSION: The above data have demonstrated the critical roles of miR-7 not only in regulating PTEN expression and also B cell and Tfh cell function in lupus-prone MRLlpr/lpr lupus mice. Furthermore, the disease manifestations in MRLlpr/lpr lupus mice are efficiently improved by miR-7 antagomir, indicating miR-7 as a potential treatment strategy in SLE.

12.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 26, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is a malignancy that normally affects children, adolescents, and young adults. Although accumulating evidence has demonstrated the importance of HULC in osteosarcoma, little is reported about its functional roles and molecular mechanisms. METHODS: The expression of HULC and miR-372-3p in osteosarcoma tissues was quantified by qRT-PCR. The regulatory roles of HULC and miR-372-3p on cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were determined by CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry, wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. The bioinformatics prediction software RAID v2.0 was used to predict the putative binding sites. The interactions among HULC, miR-372-3p and HMGB1 were explored by luciferase assay and western blot assay. RESULTS: Our results revealed elevated HULC and decreased miR-372-3p expression in both osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of HULC or knockdown of miR-372-3p promoted osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion and induced cell apoptosis. Bioinformatics and luciferase assays verified that HULC directly interacted with miR-372-3p to attenuate miR-372-3p binding to the HMGB1 3'-UTR. Furthermore, mechanistic investigations confirmed that activation of the miR-372-3p/HMGB1 regulatory loop by knockdown of miR-372-3p or overexpression of HMGB1 reversed the in vitro roles of HULC in promoting osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first to demonstrate that HULC may act as a ceRNA to modulate HMGB1 expression by competitively sponging miR-372-3p, leading to the regulation of osteosarcoma progression, which provides new insight into osteosarcoma diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023984

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment has been recently recognized as a critical contributor to cancer progression and anticancer therapy-resistance. Cyclophosphamide (CTX) is a cytotoxic agent commonly used in clinics for the treatment of cancer. Previous reports demonstrated that CTX given at low continuous doses, known as metronomic schedule, mainly targets endothelial cells and circulating Tregs with unknown mechanisms. Here, we investigated the antitumor activity of two different metronomic schedules of CTX along with their corresponding MTD regimen and further explored their effect on immune function and tumor microenvironment. Toxicity evaluation was monitored by overall survival rate, weight loss, and histopathological analysis. A nude mouse model of Lewis lung cancer was established to assess the anti-metastatic effects of CTX in vivo. CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+CD25+FoxP3 T cells were selected by flow cytometry analysis. Low and continuous administration of CTX was able to restore immune function via increase of CD4+/CD8+ T cells and depletion of T regulatory cells, not only in circulatory and splenic compartments, but also at the tumor site. Low-dose CTX also reduced myofibroblasts, accompanied with an increased level of E-cadherin and low N-cadherin, both in the primary tumor and lung through the TGF-ß pathway by the downregulated expression of TGF-ß receptor 2. Our data may indicate that several other molecular mechanisms of CTX for tumor may be involved in metronomic chemotherapy, besides targeting angiogenesis and regulatory T cells.

14.
J Neurosurg Sci ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the effect and mechanism of miR-16-5p on neuron apoptosis and inflammatory response induced by spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Allen's weight-drop method and Basso Bcattie Bresnahan (BBB) rating scale were used to establish SCI rat model and assess locomotor function, respectively. Histopathology of SCI rats and Sham-operated rats was validated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. After intravenous injection of miR-16-5p agomir, miR-16-5p antagomir, pcDNA3.1-Apelin-13 or negative controls into SCI rat tails, neuron apoptosis and the expression of miR-16-5p, Apelin-13, apoptotic proteins, inflammatory response-related proteins and ERK1/2 pathway-related protein were detected. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay was applied for identifying the binding between miR-16-5p and Apelin-13. RESULTS: SCI rats had locomotor impairment with markedly edema and hemorrhage. Upregulated miR-16-5p expression and downregulated Apelin-13 expression were presented in SCI rats. Intravenous injection of miR-16-5p antagomir or/and pcDNA3.1-Apelin-13 could increase the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2 and Mcl-1) and p-ERK1/2 expression while decrease the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins (cleaved caspase-3 and Bax) and inflammatory response-related proteins (TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6). The reverse pattern was shown in rats injected with miR-16-5p agomir. MiR-16-5p targeted Apelin-13. Promotion of miR-16-5p agomir on SCI was attenuated by injection of agomir + pcDNA3.1-Apelin-13. CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of miR-16-5p could upregulate Apelin-13 expression to activate ERK1/2 pathway, thus alleviating SCI-induced neuron apoptosis and inflammatory response.

15.
J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods ; 102: 106681, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087362

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study was aimed to assess uric acid (UA)-lowering effect and its possible mechanisms of a natural complex product Yaocha in a live zebrafish model. METHODS: The zebrafish high UA model was established by feeding 5 dpf zebrafish with both an uricase inhibitor potassium oxonate at 10 mM and an UA synthesis precursor xanthine sodium at 0.5 mM for 24 h. Yaocha was administered to the high UA zebrafish through soaking at 3 various concentrations, with allopurinol as a positive control. UA level, xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity, and mRNA expression of hypoxanthine guanine-phosphoribosyltransferases transferase (HPRT1) and organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) were measured. RESULTS: Yaocha effectively reduced UA level and inhibited xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in the high UA zebrafish. Yaocha could be a potential therapeutics for hyperuricemia through up-regulating HPRT1 and OAT1 gene expression and suppressing XO activity. DISCUSSION: These results suggested that Yaocha hold a potential for high UA prevention and therapy, possibly through inhibiting UA production and promoting urate secretion and purine conversion.

16.
J Med Chem ; 63(6): 3142-3160, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045239

RESUMO

The effective treatment of adenovirus (HAdV) infections in immunocompromised patients still poses great challenges. Herein, we reported our continued efforts to optimize a series of salicylamide derivatives as potent inhibitors of HAdV infection. Of these, nine compounds (11, 13, 14, 17, 20, 58, 60, 62, and 70) showed significantly improved anti-HAdV activities with nanomolar to submicromolar IC50 values and high selectivity indexes (SI > 100), indicating better safety windows, compared to those of the lead compound niclosamide. Our mechanistic assays suggest that compounds 13, 62, and 70 exert their activities in the HAdV entry pathway, while compounds 14 and 60 likely target the HAdV DNA replication, and 11, 17, 20, and 58 inhibit later steps after DNA replication. Given the broad anti-viral activity profile of niclosamide, these derivatives may also offer therapeutic potential for other viral infections.

17.
Viruses ; 12(2)2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093074

RESUMO

Here, we report a novel (+) ssRNA mycovirus, Phoma matteucciicola ourmia-like virus 1 (PmOLV1), isolated from Phoma matteucciicola strain LG915-1. The genome of PmOLV1 was 2603 nucleotides long and contained a single open reading frame (ORF), which could be translated into a product of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) by both standard and mitochondrial genetic codons. Cellular fractionation assay indicated that PmOLV1 RNAs are likely more enriched in mitochondria than in cytoplasm. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that PmOLV1 is a new member of the genus Penoulivirus (recently proposed) within the family Botourmiaviridae.

18.
Planta Med ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018306

RESUMO

Three new (alterchothecenes A - C, 1:  -3: ) and 3 known (4:  -6: ) trichothecenes, along with 9 known compounds (7:  -15: ), were isolated from the culture of Alternaria sp. sb23, an endophytic fungus separated from the root of Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wils. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configurations of 1: -3: were determined through comparison of the experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra and optical rotations with similar analogues. In vitro cytotoxicity tests of compounds 1: -6: against human HT-29 colon carcinoma and human MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines indicated that 4: -6: exhibited significant cytotoxic effects, with IC50 values ranging from 0.89 to 9.38 µM. And the potential of compounds 1: -6: as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) sensitizers in HT-29 cells was evaluated. The results revealed that combination treatment of TRAIL with compounds 1: -6: synergistically decreased cell viability compared with the sole treatment with those compounds.

19.
Cell Prolif ; : e12777, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is constitutively activated and overexpressed in many cancers, including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We recently developed HJC0152 as an orally active STAT3 inhibitor. This study focused on investigating HJC0152's effect and mechanism of action in NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed cell proliferation by MTT assays, cell migration by wound healing and transwell assays, protein levels by Western blot, and apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level by flow cytometry. A nude mouse tumorigenesis model was established for in vivo experiment. UHPLC-QTOF/MS was used for untargeted metabolomic relative quantitation analysis. RESULTS: We found that HJC0152 exhibited activity against human NSCLC cells in vitro and NSCLC xenograft tumours in vivo via regulating STAT3 signalling and metabolism. HJC0152 efficiently reduced NSCLC cell proliferation, promoted ROS generation, induced apoptosis, triggered DNA damage and reduced motility in A549 and H460 NSCLC cells. Moreover, HJC0152 significantly inhibited the growth of A549 xenograft tumours in vivo. HJC0152 also affected metabolism, significantly decreasing and perturbating levels of several metabolites in the purine, glutathione and pyrimidine metabolism pathways. CONCLUSIONS: HJC0152 reduces cellular capacity to scavenge free radicals, leading to ROS generation and accumulation and apoptosis. This study provides a rationale for further developing HJC0152 as a potential therapy for NSCLC and provides insights into the mechanisms by which HJC0152 exerts its anti-cancer effects.

20.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068219

RESUMO

A structurally stable stacked multilayer carbonitride is predicted with the aid of ab initio calculations. This carbonitride consists of C3N tetrahedra, and is similar to T-carbon and thus named T-C3N. Its 2-dimensional (2D) monolayer is also carefully investigated in this work. The studies on electronic properties reveal that bulk and 2D T-C3N are insulators with a 5.542 eV indirect band gap and a 5.741 eV direct band gap, respectively. However, the monolayer T-C3N exhibits an excellent uniform porosity. Its 5.50 Å pore size is perfect for water nanofiltration. The adsorption and permeation of water molecules on the monolayer T-C3N are investigated. Its promising potential application in highly efficient nanofiltration membranes for seawater desalination is discussed.

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