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1.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 316(6): 315, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822918

RESUMO

Hypertrophic scarring is a fibro-proliferative disorder caused by abnormal cutaneous wound healing. Circulating metabolites and the gut microbiome may be involved in the formation of these scars, but high-quality evidence of causality is lacking. To assess whether circulating metabolites and the gut microbiome contain genetically predicted modifiable risk factors for hypertrophic scar formation. Two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) was performed using MR-Egger, inverse-variance weighting (IVW), Mendelian Randomization Pleiotropy RESidual Sum and Outlier, maximum likelihood, and weighted median methods. Based on the genome-wide significance level, genetically predicted uridine (P = 0.015, odds ratio [OR] = 1903.514, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.280-846,616.433) and isovalerylcarnitine (P = 0.039, OR = 7.765, 95% CI 1.106-54.512) were positively correlated with hypertrophic scar risk, while N-acetylalanine (P = 0.013, OR = 7.98E-10, 95% CI 5.19E-17-0.012) and glycochenodeoxycholate (P = 0.021, OR = 0.021 95% CI 0.003-0.628) were negatively correlated. Gastranaerophilales and two unknown gut microbe species (P = 0.031, OR = 0.378, 95% CI 0.156-0.914) were associated with an decreased risk of hypertrophic scarring. Circulating metabolites and gut microbiome components may have either positive or negative causal effects on hypertrophic scar formation. The study provides new insights into strategies for diagnosing and limiting hypertrophic scarring.


Assuntos
Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Humanos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/microbiologia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/sangue , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(23): 10275-10286, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825773

RESUMO

The pronounced lethality of N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine quinone (6PPD-quinone or 6PPDQ) toward specific salmonids, while sparing other fish species, has received considerable attention. However, the underlying cause of this species-specific toxicity remains unresolved. This study explored 6PPDQ toxicokinetics and intestinal microbiota composition in adult zebrafish during a 14-day exposure to environmentally realistic concentrations, followed by a 7-day recovery phase. Predominant accumulation occurred in the brain, intestine, and eyes, with the lowest levels in the liver. Six metabolites were found to undergo hydroxylation, with two additionally undergoing O-sulfonation. Semiquantitative analyses revealed that the predominant metabolite featured a hydroxy group situated on the phenyl ring adjacent to the quinone. This was further validated by assessing enzyme activity and determining in silico binding interactions. Notably, the binding affinity between 6PPDQ and zebrafish phase I and II enzymes exceeded that with the corresponding coho salmon enzymes by 1.04-1.53 times, suggesting a higher potential for 6PPDQ detoxification in tolerant species. Whole-genome sequencing revealed significant increases in the genera Nocardioides and Rhodococcus after exposure to 6PPDQ. Functional annotation and pathway enrichment analyses predicted that these two genera would be responsible for the biodegradation and metabolism of xenobiotics. These findings offer crucial data for comprehending 6PPDQ-induced species-specific toxicity.


Assuntos
Biotransformação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
3.
Epilepsy Behav ; 157: 109870, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and the independent risk factors of SRS-related epilepsy in patients with supratentorial brain metastases (st-BMs), providing evidences for prevention or reduction secondary epilepsy after SRS. METHODS: Patients with st-BMs from four gamma knife centers who developed secondary epilepsy after SRS were retrospectively studied between January 1, 2017 and June 31, 2023. The incidence and clinical characteristics of the patients with secondary epilepsy were analyzed. The predictive role of baseline clinical-demographic variables was evaluated according to univariate and multivariate logistic regression model. The impact of secondary epilepsy on patients' OS was evaluated as well by log-rank test. RESULTS: 11.3 % (126/1120) of the patients with totally 158 st-BMs experienced secondary epilepsy after SRS in median 21 days. 61.9 % (78/126) of the patients experienced simple partial seizures. 91.3 % (115/126) patients achieved good seizure control after received 1-2 kinds of AEDs for median 90 days, while 7.1 % (9/126) of the patients suffered from refractory epilepsy. Patients had higher risk of secondary epilepsy if the tumor located in cortex and/or hippocampus, peri-tumor edema larger than 20.3 cm3 before SRS, had epilepsy history, and failed to receive bevacizumab prior to SRS. There was no difference in the OS of patients who experience secondary epilepsy or not after SRS. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of SRS-related secondary epilepsy is 11.3 % in patients with st-BMs in this retrospective study. The risk of secondary epilepsy is higher in patients with st-BM located in cortex and/or hippocampus area, peri-tumor edema larger than 20.3 cm3 before SRS, and epilepsy history. Bevacizumab is suggested prior to SRS therapy, as it could be used for the control of peri-tumor edema and SRS-related damage, hence reduce the risk of secondary epilepsy. However, whether or not patients suffered from secondary epilepsy after SRS does not affect their OS.

4.
Brain Stimul ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) on major depressive disorder (MDD) was not confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of tACS as an add-on treatment for the symptoms of depression and to understand how tACS affects brain activity. METHODS: The 4-week, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was performed from January 29, 2023 to December 22, 2023. Sixty-six participants were recruited and randomly assigned to receive 20 40-min sessions of either active (77.5Hz, 15mA) or sham stimulation, with one electrode on the forehead and two on the mastoid, each day (n = 33 for each group) for four weeks (till Week 4). The participants were followed for 4 more weeks (till Week 8) without stimulation for efficacy/safety assessment. During the 4-week trial, all participants were required to take 10-20mg of escitalopram daily. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change in HAMD-17 scores from baseline to Week 4 (with 20 treatment sessions completed). Resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) was collected with a 64-channel EEG system (Brain Products, Germany) at baseline and the Week 4 follow-up. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, independent-sample t-test, or Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used, as appropriate, to compare the differences in variables between groups. The effect of the intervention on the HAMD-17 score was also evaluated with linear mixed modeling (LMM) as sensitivity analysis. The correlation between the mean reduction in EEG and the mean reduction in the HAMD-17 total score was evaluated using Spearman correlation analysis. RESULTS: A total of 66 patients (mean [SD] age, 28.4 [8.18] years; 52 [78.8%] female) were randomized, and 57 patients completed the study. Significant differences were found in the reductions in the HAMD-17 scores at Week 4 (t=3.44, P=0.001). Response rates at Week 4 were significantly higher in the active tACS group than in the sham tACS group (22 out of 33 patients [66.7%] versus 11 out of 33 [33.3%], P=0.007). In the active tACS group, a correlation between the mean change in alpha power and HAMD-17 scores at Week 4 was found (r=2.38, P=0.024), and the mean change in alpha power was significantly bigger for responders (Z=2.46, P=0.014). No serious adverse events were observed in this trial. CONCLUSION: The additional antidepressant effect of tACS is significant, and the combination of tACS with antidepressants is a feasible and effective approach for the treatment of MDD. The antidepressant mechanism of tACS may be the reduction in alpha power in the left frontal lobe. Future research directions may include exploring more appropriate treatment parameters of tACS.

5.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 241: 114017, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865869

RESUMO

Inspired by the "natural camouflage" strategy, cell-based biomimetic drug delivery systems (BDDS) have shown great potential in cancer therapy. Red blood cell (RBC) delivery vehicles and red blood cell membrane (RBCm)-camouflaged vehicles were commonly used strategies for drug delivery. We prepared shikonin-encapsulated PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA/SK) with different surface charges to obtain both RBC delivery and RBCm-camouflaged PLGA NPs. The physicochemical properties, in vivo circulation and antitumor effects of these biomimetic preparations were studied. Since the positive PLGA NPs may affect the morphology and function of RBCs, the biomimetic preparations prepared by the negative PLGA NPs showed better in vitro stability. However, positive PLGA NP-based biomimetic preparations exhibited longer circulation time and higher tumor region accumulation, leading to stronger anti-tumor effects. Meanwhile, the RBC delivery PLGA(+) NPs possessed better in vitro cytotoxicity, longer circulation time and higher tumor accumulation than RBCm-camouflaged PLGA(+) NPs. Collectively, RBC delivery vehicles possessed more potential than RBCm-camouflaged vehicles on drug delivery for tumor treatment, especially with positive NPs-loaded.

6.
Life Sci ; 351: 122812, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862063

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite islet transplantation has proved a great potential to become the standard therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), this approach remains limited by ischemia, hypoxia, and poor revascularization in early post-transplant period as well as inflammation and life-long host immune rejection. Here, we investigate the potential and mechanism of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs)-islet organoid to improve the efficiency of islet engraftment in immunocompetent T1DM mice. MAIN METHODS: We generated the hAMSC-islet organoid structure through culturing the mixture of hAMSCs and islets on 3-dimensional-agarose microwells. Flow cytometry, whole-body fluorescent imaging, immunofluorescence, Calcein-AM/PI staining, ELISA, and qPCR were used to assess the potential and mechanism of shielding hAMSCs to improve the efficiency of islet transplantation. KEY FINDINGS: Transplant of hAMSC-islet organoids results in remarkably better glycemic control, an enhanced glucose tolerance, and a higher ß cell mass in vivo compared with control islets. Our results show that hAMSCs shielding provides an immune privileged microenvironment for islets and promotes graft revascularization in vivo. In addition, hAMSC-islet organoids show higher viability and reduced dysfunction after exposure to hypoxia and inflammatory cytokines in vitro. Finally, our results show that shielding with hAMSCs leads to the activation of PKA-CREB-IRS2-PI3K and PKA-PDX1 signaling pathways, up-regulation of SIL1 mRNA levels, and down-regulation of MT1 mRNA levels in ß cells, which ultimately promotes the synthesis, folding and secretion of insulin, respectively. SIGNIFICANCE: hAMSC-islet organoids can evidently increase the efficiency of islet engraftment and might develop into a promising alternative for the clinical treatment of T1DM.

7.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 227, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endometrial cancer (EC) is an oestrogen-dependent tumour, the occurrence of which is closely related to an imbalance of oestrogen homeostasis. Our previous studies explored the effects of Resveratrol(Res) on oestrogen metabolism. However, systematic research on the exact mechanism of action of Res is still lacking. Based on network pharmacology, molecular docking and animal experiments, the effects and molecular mechanisms of Res on endometrial cancer were investigated. METHODS: The target of Res was obtained from the high-throughput experiment and reference-guided database of TCM (HERB) and the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM) databases, and the target of endometrial cancer was obtained by using the Genecards database. Venny map was used to obtain the intersection target of Res in the treatment of endometrial cancer, and the protein interaction network of the intersection target was constructed by importing the data into the STRING database. Then, the drug-disease-target interaction network was constructed based on Cytoscape 3.9.1 software. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed for intersection targets using the OmicShare cloud platform. Res and core targets were analysed by molecular docking. EC model mice induced by MNNG were randomly divided into the control group, Res group, MNNG group, MNNG + Res group, and MNNG + Res + MAPK/ERKi group. The protein levels of ERK and p-ERK in the mouse uterus were detected by Western blot. The levels of E1, E2, E3, 16-epiE3, 17-epiE3, 2-MeOE1, 4-MeOE1, 2-MeOE2, 4-MeOE2, 3-MeOE1, 2-OHE1, 4-OHE1, 2-OHE2, 4-OHE2, and 16α-OHE1 in the serum and endometrial tissue of mice were measured by LC‒MS/MS. RESULTS: A total of 174 intersection targets of Res anti-endometrial cancer were obtained. The signalling pathways analysed by KEGG enrichment included the AGE-RAGE signalling pathway in diabetic complications, the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway and the MAPK signalling pathway. The top 10 core targets were MAPK3, JUN, TP53, CASP3, TNF, IL1B, AKT1, FOS, VEGFA and INS. Molecular docking showed that in addition to TNF, other targets had good affinity for Res, and the binding activity with MAPK3 was stable. Western blot results showed that Res increased the phosphorylation level of ERK and that MAPK/ERKi decreased ERK activation. In the LC-MS/MS analysis, the levels of 2-MeOE1, 2-MeOE2 and 4-MeOE1 in serum and uterine tissue showed a significantly decreasing trend in the MNNG group, while that of 4-OHE2 was increased (P < 0.05). The concentrations of 4-MeOE1 in serum and 2-MeOE1 and 2-MeOE2 in the endometrial tissue of mice were significantly increased after Res treatment, and those of 4-OHE2 in the serum and uterus of mice were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, in the MAPK/ERKi intervention group, the effect of Res on the reversal of oestrogen homeostasis imbalance was obviously weakened. CONCLUSION: Res has multiple targets and multiple approaches in the treatment of endometrial cancer. In this study, it was found that Res regulates oestrogen metabolism by activating the MAPK/ERK pathway. This finding provides a new perspective for subsequent research on the treatment of endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Estrogênios , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Resveratrol , Feminino , Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Animais , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Camundongos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Farmacologia em Rede , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
8.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(5): 1740-1748, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38883341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors influencing recurrence after percutaneous transhepatic choledochoscopic lithotripsy (PTCSL) and to develop a predictive model. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 354 patients with intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones treated with PTCSL at Qinzhou First People's Hospital between February 2018 and January 2020. Patients were followed for three years and categorized into non-recurrence and recurrence groups based on postoperative outcome. Univariate analysis identified possible predictors of stone recurrence. Data were split using the gradient boosting machine (GBM) algorithm, assigning 70% as the training set and 30% as the test set. The predictive performance of the GBM model was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration curve, and compared with a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Six factors were identified as significant predictors of recurrence: age, diabetes, total bilirubin, biliary stricture, number of stones, and stone diameter. The GBM model, developed based on these factors, showed high predictive accuracy. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.763 (95% CI: 0.695-0.830) for the training set and 0.709 (95% CI: 0.596-0.822) for the test set. Optimal cutoff values were 0.286 and 0.264, with sensitivities of 62.30% and 66.70%, and specificities of 77.20% and 68.50%, respectively. Calibration curves indicated good agreement between predicted probabilities and observed recurrence rates in both sets. DeLong's test revealed no significant differences between the GBM and logistic regression models in predictive performance (training set: D = 0.003, P = 0.997 > 0.05; test set: D = 0.075, P = 0.940 > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Biliary stricture, stone diameter, diabetes, stone number, age, and total bilirubin significantly influence stone recurrence after PTCSL. The GBM model, based on these factors, demonstrates robust accuracy and discrimination. Both GBM and logistic regression models effectively predicted stone recurrence post-PTCSL.

9.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884267

RESUMO

Indocyanine green (ICG) is a fluorescent dye with an emission wavelength of about 840 nm, which is selectively absorbed by the liver after intravenous or bile duct injection, and then it is excreted into the intestines through the biliary system. With the rapid development of fluorescence laparoscopy, ICG fluorescence imaging is safe, feasible, and widely used in hepatobiliary surgery. ICG fluorescence imaging is of great significance in precise preoperative and intraoperative localization of liver lesions, real-time visualization of hepatic segmental anatomy, intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary tract visualization, and liver transplantation. ICG fluorescence imaging facilitates efficient intraoperative hepatobiliary decision-making and improves the safety of minimally invasive hepatobiliary surgery. Advances in imaging systems will increase the use of fluorescence imaging as an intraoperative navigation tool, improving the safety and accuracy of open and laparoscopic/robotic hepatobiliary surgery. Herin, we have reviewed the status of ICG applications in hepatobiliary surgery, aiming to provide new insights for the development of hepatobiliary surgery.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 30(2)2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38818834

RESUMO

Following the publication of this paper, it was drawn to the Editor's attention by a concerned reader that certain of the Transwell migration assay data shown in Fig. 4D on p. 4876 were strikingly similar to data that had already been published in different form in another article written by different authors at a different research institute. In addition, a pair of the data panels in Fig. 4D were overlapping, indicating that data derived from the same original source had been used to represent what were intended to be the results obtained from differently performed experiments.  Owing to the fact that the contentious data in the above article had already been published prior to its submission to Molecular Medicine Reports, the Editor has decided that this paper should be retracted from the Journal. The authors were asked for an explanation to account for these concerns, but the Editorial Office did not receive a reply. The Editor apologizes to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [Molecular Medicine Reports 13: 4872­4878, 2016; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2016.5127].

11.
Biomolecules ; 14(5)2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785918

RESUMO

Primary hyperoxalurias (PHs) are inherited metabolic disorders marked by enzymatic cascade disruption, leading to excessive oxalate production that is subsequently excreted in the urine. Calcium oxalate deposition in the renal tubules and interstitium triggers renal injury, precipitating systemic oxalate build-up and subsequent secondary organ impairment. Recent explorations of novel therapeutic strategies have challenged and necessitated the reassessment of established management frameworks. The execution of diverse clinical trials across various medication classes has provided new insights and knowledge. With the evolution of PH treatments reaching a new milestone, prompt and accurate diagnosis is increasingly critical. Developing early, effective management and treatment plans is essential to improve the long-term quality of life for PH patients.


Assuntos
Hiperoxalúria Primária , Humanos , Hiperoxalúria Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperoxalúria Primária/terapia , Oxalato de Cálcio/metabolismo , Oxalatos/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida
12.
J Med Chem ; 67(11): 9709-9730, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788241

RESUMO

Orphan GPR52 is emerging as a promising neurotherapeutic target. Optimization of previously reported lead 4a employing an iterative drug design strategy led to the identification of a series of unique GPR52 agonists, such as 10a (PW0677), 15b (PW0729), and 24f (PW0866), with improved potency and efficacy. Intriguingly, compounds 10a and 24f showed greater bias for G protein/cAMP signaling and induced significantly less in vitro desensitization than parent compound 4a, indicating that reducing GPR52 ß-arrestin activity with biased agonism results in sustained GPR52 activation. Further exploration of compounds 15b and 24f indicated improved potency and efficacy, and excellent target selectivity, but limited brain exposure warranting further optimization. These balanced and biased GPR52 agonists provide important pharmacological tools to study GPR52 activation, signaling bias, and therapeutic potential for neuropsychiatric and neurological diseases.


Assuntos
Benzamidas , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/agonistas , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Humanos , Animais , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Células HEK293 , Descoberta de Drogas , Camundongos , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 279: 116453, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772139

RESUMO

Chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate, commercially known as F-53B, has been associated with adverse birth outcomes. However, the reproductive toxicology of F-53B on the placenta remains poorly understood. To address this gap, we examined the impact of F-53B on placental injury and its underlying molecular mechanisms in vivo. Pregnant C57BL/6 J female mice were randomly allocated to three groups: the control group, F-53B 0.8 µg/kg/day group, and F-53B 8 µg/kg/day group. After F-53B exposure through free drinking water from gestational day (GD) 0.5-14.5, the F-53B 8 µg/kg/day group exhibited significant increases in placental weights and distinctive histopathological alterations, including inflammatory cell infiltration, heightened syncytiotrophoblast knots, and a loosened trophoblastic basement membrane. Within the F-53B 8 µg/kg/day group, placental tissue exhibited increased apoptosis, as indicated by increased caspase3 activation. Furthermore, F-53B potentially induced the NF-κB signaling pathway activation through IκB-α phosphorylation. Subsequently, this activation upregulated the expression of inflammatory cytokines and components of the NLRP3 inflammasome, including activated caspase1, IL-1ß, IL-18, and cleaved gasdermin D (GSDMD), ultimately leading to pyroptosis in the mouse placenta. Our findings reveal a pronounced inflammatory injury in the placenta due to F-53B exposure, suggesting potential reproductive toxicity at concentrations relevant to the human population. Further toxicological and epidemiological investigations are warranted to conclusively assess the reproductive health risks posed by F-53B.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Placenta , Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Placenta/efeitos dos fármacos , Placenta/patologia , Camundongos , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/patologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fluorocarbonos/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719954

RESUMO

Hypertensive cerebrovascular remodeling involves the enlargement of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which activates volume-regulated Cl- channels (VRCCs). The leucine-rich repeat-containing family 8 A (LRRC8A) has been shown to be the molecular identity of VRCCs. However, its role in vascular remodeling during hypertension is unclear. In this study, we used vascular smooth muscle-specific LRRC8A knockout (CKO) mice and an angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension model. The results showed that cerebrovascular remodeling during hypertension was ameliorated in CKO mice, and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition was reduced. Based on the RNA-sequencing analysis of aortic tissues, the level of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as MMP-9 and MMP-14, were reduced in CKO mice with hypertension, which was further verified in vivo by qPCR and immunofluorescence analysis. Knockdown of LRRC8A in VSMCs inhibited the Ang II-induced upregulation of collagen I, fibronectin, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and overexpression of LRRC8A had the opposite effect. Further experiments revealed an interaction between with-no-lysine (K)-1 (WNK1), which is a "Cl--sensitive kinase", and Forkhead transcription factor O3a (FOXO3a), which is a transcription factor that regulates MMP expression. Ang II induced the phosphorylation of WNK1 and downstream FOXO3a, which then increased the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. This process was inhibited or potentiated when LRRC8A was knocked down or overexpressed, respectively. Overall, these results demonstrate that LRRC8A knockout in vascular smooth muscle protects against cerebrovascular remodeling during hypertension by reducing ECM deposition and inhibiting the WNK1/FOXO3a/MMP signaling pathway, demonstrating that LRRC8A is a potential therapeutic target for vascular remodeling-associated diseases such as stroke.

15.
EClinicalMedicine ; 72: 102622, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745965

RESUMO

Background: The role of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unconfirmed. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) plus anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) antibody/tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) with or without TACE as first-line treatment for advanced HCC. Methods: This nationwide, multicenter, retrospective cohort study included advanced HCC patients receiving either TACE with ICIs plus anti-VEGF antibody/TKIs (TACE-ICI-VEGF) or only ICIs plus anti-VEGF antibody/TKIs (ICI-VEGF) from January 2018 to December 2022. The study design followed the target trial emulation framework with stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting (sIPTW) to minimize biases. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes included progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), and safety. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT05332821. Findings: Among 1244 patients included in the analysis, 802 (64.5%) patients received TACE-ICI-VEGF treatment, and 442 (35.5%) patients received ICI-VEGF treatment. The median follow-up time was 21.1 months and 20.6 months, respectively. Post-application of sIPTW, baseline characteristics were well-balanced between the two groups. TACE-ICI-VEGF group exhibited a significantly improved median OS (22.6 months [95% CI: 21.2-23.9] vs 15.9 months [14.9-17.8]; P < 0.0001; adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.63 [95% CI: 0.53-0.75]). Median PFS was also longer in TACE-ICI-VEGF group (9.9 months [9.1-10.6] vs 7.4 months [6.7-8.5]; P < 0.0001; aHR 0.74 [0.65-0.85]) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) version 1.1. A higher ORR was observed in TACE-ICI-VEGF group, by either RECIST v1.1 or modified RECIST (41.2% vs 22.9%, P < 0.0001; 47.3% vs 29.7%, P < 0.0001). Grade ≥3 adverse events occurred in 178 patients (22.2%) in TACE-ICI-VEGF group and 80 patients (18.1%) in ICI-VEGF group. Interpretation: This multicenter study supports the use of TACE combined with ICIs and anti-VEGF antibody/TKIs as first-line treatment for advanced HCC, demonstrating an acceptable safety profile. Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key Research and Development Program of China, Jiangsu Provincial Medical Innovation Center, Collaborative Innovation Center of Radiation Medicine of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, and Nanjing Life Health Science and Technology Project.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2403412, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749005

RESUMO

Periodontal disease ranks third among noncommunicable illnesses, behind cancer and cardiovascular disease, and is closely related to the occurrence and progression of various systemic diseases. However, elucidating the processes of periodontal disease and promoting periodontal bone regeneration remains a challenge. Here, quercetin is demonstrated to reduce the oxidative stress state of orofacial mesenchymal stem cells (OMSCs) in vitro and to affect the osteogenic growth of OMSCs through molecular mechanisms that mediate the m6A change in Per1. Nevertheless, the limited therapeutic efficacy of systemic medication and the limitations of local medication resulting from the small, moist, and highly dynamic periodontal environment make it challenging to treat periodontal tissues with medication. Herein, a biosafe injectable hydrogel drug-controlled delivery system is constructed as a bone-enhancing factory and loaded with quercetin to treat oxidative stress injury in periodontal tissues. This drug-carrying system made up of nanoscale bioglass microspheres and a light-cured injectable hydrogel, allows effective drug particle loading and cementation in the dynamic and moist periodontal environment. Furthermore, the system demonstrates the ability to stimulate OMSCs osteogenic differentiation in a Per1-dependent manner, which ultimately promotes periodontal bone repair, suggesting that this system has potential for clinical periodontal therapy.

17.
Radiother Oncol ; 197: 110324, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735537

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and to identify central symptoms and bridge symptoms among psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited patients with NPC in Guangzhou, China from May 2022, to October 2022. The General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were used for screening anxiety and depression, respectively. Network analysis was conducted to evaluate the centrality and connectivity of the symptoms of anxiety, depression, quality of life (QoL) and insomnia. RESULTS: A total of 2806 respondents with complete GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores out of 3828 were enrolled. The incidence of anxiety in the whole population was 26.5% (depression, 28.5%; either anxiety or depression, 34.8%). Anxiety was highest at caner diagnosis (34.2%), while depression reached a peak at late-stage radiotherapy (48.5%). Both moderate and severe anxiety and depression were exacerbated during radiotherapy. Coexisting anxiety and depression occurred in 58.3% of those with either anxiety or depression. The generated network showed that anxiety and depression symptoms were closely connected; insomnia was strongly connected with QoL. "Sad mood", "Lack of energy", and "Trouble relaxing" were the most important items in the network. Insomnia was the most significant bridge item that connected symptom groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with NPC are facing alarming disturbances of psychiatric disorders; tailored strategies should be implemented for high-risk patients. Besides, central symptoms (sad mood, lack of energy, and trouble relaxing) and bridge symptoms (insomnia) may be potential interventional targets in future clinical practice.

18.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(5): 1363-1370, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38817273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive understanding of the extrahepatic bile duct anatomy is vital to guide surgical procedures and perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. Anatomical irregularities within the extrahepatic bile duct may increase susceptibility to bile duct stones. AIM: To investigate the anatomical risk factors associated with extrahepatic bile ducts in patients diagnosed with choledocholithiasis, with a specific focus on preventing stone recurrence after surgical intervention and endoscopic lithotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 124 patients without choledocholithiasis and 108 with confirmed choledocholithiasis who underwent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography examinations at our center between January 2022 and October 2022. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify the anatomical risk factors influencing the incidence of common bile duct stones. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that several factors independently contributed to choledocholithiasis risk. Significant independent risk factors for choledocholithiasis were diameter of the common hepatic [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07-1.92, adjusted P value = 0.016] and common bile (aOR = 1.68, 95%CI: 1.27-2.23, adjusted P value < 0.001) ducts, length of the common hepatic duct (aOR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.84-0.99, adjusted P value = 0.034), and angle of the common bile duct (aOR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.89-0.95, adjusted P value < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The anatomical features of the extrahepatic bile duct were directly associated with choledocholithiasis risk. Key risk factors include an enlarged diameter of the common hepatic and bile ducts, a shorter length of the common hepatic duct, and a reduced angle of the common bile duct.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(14): 2382-2388, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma (HEA) has a low incidence and both clinical manifestations and imaging lack specificity. Thus, it is easy to misdiagnose HEA as other tumors of the liver, especially in the presence of liver diseases such as hepatitis cirrhosis. This article reviewed the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with HEA and alcoholic cirrhosis, and analyzed the literature, in order to improve the understanding of this disease. CASE SUMMARY: A 67-year-old male patient with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis was admitted due to the discovery of a space-occupying lesion in the liver. Based on the patient's history, laboratory examinations, and imaging examinations, a malignant liver tumor was considered and laparoscopic partial hepatectomy was performed. Postoperative pathology showed HEA. During outpatient follow-up, the patient showed no sign of recurrence. CONCLUSION: HEA is difficult to make a definite diagnosis before surgery. HEA has the potential for malignant degeneration. If conditions permit, surgical treatment is recommended.

20.
Molecules ; 29(10)2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38792061

RESUMO

Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wils., as a traditional Chinese medicine, has important medicinal value. In the market, the availability of the fruit of S. sphenanthera mainly relies on wild picking, but many canes and leaves are discarded during wild collection, resulting in a waste of resources. The canes and leaves of S. sphenanthera contain various bioactive ingredients and can be used as spice, tea, and medicine and so present great utilization opportunities. Therefore, it is helpful to explore the effective components and biological activities of the canes and leaves to utilize S. sphenanthera fully. In this study, the response surface method with ultrasound was used to extract the total triterpenoids from the canes and leaves of S. sphenanthera at different stages. The content of total triterpenoids in the leaves at different stages was higher than that in the canes. The total triterpenoids in the canes and leaves had strong antioxidant and antibacterial abilities. At the same time, the antibacterial activity of the total triterpenoids against Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was stronger than that against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. This study provides the foundation for the development and utilization of the canes and leaves that would relieve the shortage of fruit resources of S. sphenanthera.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Extratos Vegetais , Folhas de Planta , Schisandra , Triterpenos , Schisandra/química , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Frutas/química
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