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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118903, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956932

RESUMO

A new probe RB-CR for the detection of Cr3+ was constructed based on the conjugation between rhodamine B and phenylthiourea. The Cr3+ could trigger opening of the rhodamine spirolactam of RB-CR upon complexation selectively, sensitively and rapidly, resulting in a pronounced enhancement of absorption and fluorescence signal. Further fluorescence imaging study has suggested that RB-CR could be applied as a probe for Cr3+ surveillance in living HepG2 cells with low cytotoxicity, which provide us the feasibility of exploring the Cr3+ recognition process by the turn-on fluorescence response.

2.
Public Underst Sci ; : 963662520970782, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183156

RESUMO

Scientific knowledge contribution to online knowledge-sharing platforms has long been regarded as instrumental behavior based on utilitarian considerations. Employing cognitive evaluation theory, this study examines scientific expert users' behavioral metrics to understand the factors responsible for users continuing to contribute their scientific knowledge for an extended period or a very short span. We found that expert users' intrinsic motivations, which has received little attention in recent studies, constitute an important indicator of sustained online scientific knowledge contribution. Furthermore, although social rewards fail to predict the continuity of scientific knowledge contribution, they prolong the duration of knowledge contribution by enhancing the intrinsic motivations of expert users. In conclusion, a self-reinforcement mechanism underlies the relationship of intrinsic motivation with social rewards, which governs continuous online scientific knowledge contribution behavior.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143499, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203567

RESUMO

Viruses are the major drivers shaping microorganismal communities, and impact marine biogeochemical cycling. They are affected by various environmental parameters, such as salinity. Although the spatiotemporal distribution and dynamics of virioplankton have been extensively studied in saline environments, few detailed studies of community structure and function of viruses along salinity gradients have been conducted. Here, we used the 16S and 18S rRNA gene amplicon and metagenomic sequencing from a subtropical estuary (Pearl River Estuary, PRE; located in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China) to explore how viral community composition and function vary along a salinity gradient. Results showed that the detected viruses were mainly bacteriophages. The double-stranded DNA viruses were the most abundant (especially Siphoviridae, Myoviridae, Mimiviridae, Phycodnaviridae, and Podoviridae), followed by a small number of single-stranded DNA (Circoviridae) and RNA (Retroviridae) viruses. Viral biodiversity significantly declined and community structure varied greatly along the salinity gradient. The salinity, ammonium and dissolved oxygen were dominated factors influencing the community composition of viruses. Association network analysis showed that viruses had a negative effect on multiple host taxa (prokaryotic and eukaryotic species). Metagenomic data revealed that the main viral functional potential was involved in organic matter metabolism by carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes). Deeper comparative functional analyses showed that viruses in the low-salinity environment had more carbohydrate-binding module and glycosidase hydrolases activities than those under high-salinity conditions. However, an opposite pattern was observed for carbohydrate esterases. These results suggest that virus-encoded CAZyme genes may alter the bacterial metabolism in estuaries. Overall, our results demonstrate that there is a spatial heterogeneity in the composition and function of virioplankton along a salinity gradient. This study enhances our understanding of viral distribution and their contribution to regulating carbon degradation throughout environments with varying salinities in subtropical estuaries.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231225

RESUMO

The controllable chirality reversal and enhancement at a supramolecular level is crucial for the synthesis and applications of circularly active materials, which has been achieved by a pH-adjusted amphiphilic chiral surfactant assembly approach, and reveals the relationship between the chirality behavior and its assembly morphology in a non-covalent interaction regime and its ability to transfer chirality from chiral molecules to achiral ones under appropriate conditions.

5.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 159, 2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176804

RESUMO

One unmet challenge in lung cancer diagnosis is to accurately differentiate lung cancer from other lung diseases with similar clinical symptoms and radiological features, such as pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). To identify reliable biomarkers for lung cancer screening, we leverage the recently discovered non-canonical small non-coding RNAs (i.e., tRNA-derived small RNAs [tsRNAs], rRNA-derived small RNAs [rsRNAs], and YRNA-derived small RNAs [ysRNAs]) in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and develop a molecular signature composed of distinct ts/rs/ysRNAs (TRY-RNA). Our TRY-RNA signature precisely discriminates between control, lung cancer, and pulmonary TB subjects in both the discovery and validation cohorts and outperforms microRNA-based biomarkers, which bears the diagnostic potential for lung cancer screening.

6.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520967856, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is controversy whether nicorandil treatment has cardioprotective effects in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy of nicorandil on functional and clinical outcomes after PCI. METHODS: Systematic databases were searched to retrieve studies that compared the effect of nicorandil with a control group in patients with AMI who underwent PCI. Outcomes related to coronary blood flow, and functional and clinical outcomes were extracted and a meta-analysis was performed. Trial sequential analysis was conducted to estimate the required sample size for statistical power. RESULTS: Twenty-four trials involving 2965 patients with AMI were enrolled. Pooled results showed that nicorandil treatment significantly suppressed the incidence of no-reflow phenomenon and reperfusion arrhythmia after reperfusion, improved the left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular end-systolic volume index, and reduced major adverse cardiovascular events and cardiovascular death. Trial sequential analysis confirmed the effect of nicorandil in reducing the incidence of no-reflow phenomenon and follow-up major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with AMI after PCI. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that nicorandil treatment adjunctive to reperfusion therapy improves myocardial reperfusion, cardiac function, and clinical outcomes in patients with AMI.

7.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-29, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232205

RESUMO

In the face of COVID-19 pandemic caused by the newly emerged SARS-CoV-2, an inactivated, Vero cell-based, whole virion vaccine candidate has been developed and entered into phase III clinical trials within six months. Biochemical and immunogenic characterization of structural proteins and their post-translational modifications in virions, the end-products of the vaccine candidate, would be essential for the quality control and process development of vaccine products and for studying the immunogenicity and pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2. By using a panel of rabbit antisera against virions and five structural proteins together with a convalescent serum, the spike (S) glycoprotein was shown to be N-linked glycosylated, PNGase F-sensitive, endoglycosidase H-resistant and cleaved by Furin-like proteases into S1 and S2 subunits. The full-length S and S1/S2 subunits could form homodimers/trimers. The membrane (M) protein was partially N-linked glycosylated; the accessory protein 3a existed in three different forms, indicative of cleavage and dimerization. Furthermore, analysis of the antigenicity of these proteins and their post-translationally modified forms demonstrated that S protein induced the strongest antibody response in both convalescent and immunized animal sera. Interestingly, immunization with the inactivated vaccine did not elicit antibody response against the S2 subunit, whereas strong antibody response against both S1 and S2 subunits was detected in the convalescent serum. Moreover, vaccination stimulated stronger antibody response against S multimers than did the natural infection. This study revealed that the native S glycoprotein stimulated neutralizing antibodies, while bacterially-expressed S fragments did not. The study on S modifications would facilitate design of S-based anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(48): e23417, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the top 10 malignant tumors worldwide and poses a great threat to human life and health, the prevention and treatment of which has become the focus and difficulty of medical research. With its unique advantages, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely used in the prevention and treatment of postoperative recurrence and metastasis of GC as well as the improvement of patients' quality of life. The aim of this study is to elucidate the curative effect and the underlying mechanism of Yiqi Huayu Jiedu (YQHYJD) decoction. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial continuing 3 years. Two hundred ninety-eight eligible patients will be randomly divided into 2 groups, the chemotherapy combined with placebo and the chemotherapy combined with YQHYJD group at a ratio of 1:1. All patients will receive the treatment for 6 months and follow up for 3 years. The primary outcomes are disease-free survival, and 1-year, 2-year, 3-year progression-free survival rate, while the secondary outcomes are tumor makers, TCM syndrome score, quality of life score, overall chemotherapy completion rate, intestinal flora diversity test, immune function (T, B lymphocyte subsets and NK cells) test. The Security index includes blood, urine and stool routine, electrocardiogram, liver function (ALT), and renal function (BUN, Scr). All of these outcomes will be analyzed at the end of the trial. DISCUSSION: This research will provide the valuable evidence for the efficacy and safety of Yiqi Huayu Jiedu decoction in postoperative GC. Furthermore, it will be helpful to form a higher level of evidence-based medical basis for TCM in the treatment of GC recurrence and metastasis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2000039038.

9.
J Mol Histol ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179120

RESUMO

Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) hold great promise for the repair of the injured heart, but optimal cell production in a fully chemically defined and cost-effective system is essential for the efficacy and safety of cell transplantation therapies. In this study, we provided a simple and efficient strategy for cardiac differentiation from hPSCs and performed functional evaluation in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Using a chemically defined medium including four components, recombinant human albumin, ascorbic acid, human transferrin, and RPMI 1640, we developed a manageable and cost-effective protocol for robust generation of CMs from hPSCs. Interestingly, the addition of transferrin helped hPSCs to transit from TeSR-E8 medium to the simple cardiac differentiation medium and successfully initiated mesoderm differentiation without significant cell death. The CM generation efficiency was up to 85% based on cTnT expression. We performed transcriptome profiling from differentiation day 0 to 35, and characterized interesting dynamic change of cardiac genes. CMs derived from transferrin-supplemented simple medium have similar transcriptome and the maturation level compared to those generated in B27 minus insulin medium as well as their in vivo counterparts. Importantly, after transplantation, hPSC-derived CMs survived in the infarcted rat heart, significantly improved the physiological function and reduced fibrosis. Our study offers an easy-to-use and cost-effective method for cardiac differentiation and facilitates the translational application of hPSC-derived CMs for heart repair.

11.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(10): 1015-1020, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, clinical features, and risk factors of opportunistic infections in elderly patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Digestive and Geriatrics Center, Sichuan University West China Hospital, China between January 2012 and January 2019. METHODOLOGY: Patients (≥18 years) with IBD were enrolled in this study. Clinical data from the infected elderly group (age ≥60 years), non-infected elderly group (age ≥60 years) and infected adult group (age: 18-59 years) were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used for risk factors associated with opportunistic infection. RESULTS:  A total of 8.9% (307/3,456) of patients with IBD had opportunistic infection. The opportunistic infection rate of elderly group was 16.5% (80/485), which was significantly higher than that of adult group (7.6%, 227/2,971, p <0.05). Compared with infected adult group or non-infected elderly group, infected elderly group had less fever and leukocytosis, but more hypoproteinemia and several activities (p <0.05). Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus were the most common agents in elderly group and adult group, respectively. Multiple episodes (three or more) were more common in infected elderly group; the time of opportunistic infections was associated with systemic inflammatory reaction syndrome (SIRS, p <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥60 years, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive and biological agents were risk factors for opportunistic infections in patients with IBD. CONCLUSION: Hospitalised elderly IBD patients, receiving corticosteroids, immunosuppressive, and biological agents, are at higher risk for infection. The symptoms of opportunistic infections in elderly patients are atypical, but they are prone to multiple infections with poor prognosis. Key Words: Elderly patients, Inflammatory bowel disease, Opportunistic infection, Systemic inflammation reaction syndrome.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143558, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190902

RESUMO

To assess the potential effects of microplastics (MPs) on gut microbiome, a simple investigation of gut microbial structure is not sufficient, and the function and association of gut microbial structure with host health should also be taken into account. Here, the effects of two particle sizes (2 and 200 µm) of polystyrene MPs (PS-MPs) on the gut microbiota of medaka were evaluated following oral administration at 0.3 and 3.0 µg/mg for 28 days. No change in body length and gut histopathology damage were observed. However, the exposure to PS-MPs significantly decreased fish body weight and disrupted the liver anti-oxidative status. The PS-MPs caused a shift in the gut microbial structure of medaka accompanied by changes in community function, including significant environmental stress, increased carbon degradation/fixation activities, and partially modified nitrogen/phosphorus/sulfur metabolic abilities. Furthermore, the PS-MPs exposure disturbed the glycolipid/tyrosine/energy metabolism and the endocrine balance. A potential correlation between the gut microecology and host response to PS-MPs exposure was also observed. These results indicated that the PS-MPs may contribute to gut-liver axis disruption, which could be the underlying toxicological mechanisms of PS-MPs exposure. This work has improved our knowledge about the relationship between gut microbiota dysbiosis and host metabolic disorders following MPs exposure.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215259

RESUMO

Phomopsis liquidambari S47 is an endophytic fungus isolated from the leaves of Punica granatum. Here, we are the first to report a quorum sensing (QS) inhibitor 1-(4-amino-2-hydroxyphenyl)ethanone (AHE) isolated and identified from the metabolites of P. liquidambari S47. Exposure to AHE at sub-MIC concentrations notably suppressed the secretion of acyl-homoserine lactones and virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. To investigate the metabolic variations of P. aeruginosa PAO1 exposed to AHE, magnetic resonance imaging-based metabolomic analysis was performed. AHE treatment created a disturbance in the QS system by suppressing the expressions of QS-related genes. The disturbed QS system resulted in the inhibited activity of antioxidant enzymes and thus enhanced oxidative stress. The vegetable infection assay showed that the virulence of P. aeroginosa PAO1 was attenuated which could be due to the impacts to the amino acid and nucleotide metabolism by enhanced oxidative stress. These findings suggest that AHE has a potential to become an antivirulence "agent" to tackle P. aeruginosa infection. KEY POINTS: • AHE treatment inhibited AHL secretion and virulence factors production. • AHE treatment aggravated oxidative stress and disturbed metabolism. • AHE suppressed QS-related gene expressions and reduced virulence of P. aeruginosa.

14.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 225, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colon cancer represents one of the leading causes of gastrointestinal tumors in industrialized countries, and its incidence appears to be increasing at an alarming rate. Accumulating evidence has unveiled the contributory roles of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in tumorigenicity, recurrence, and metastases. The functions of NF-kappa B (NF-κB) activation on cancer cell survival, including colon cancer cells have encouraged us to study the role of NF-κB in the maintenance of CSCs in colon cancer. METHODS: Tumor samples and matched normal samples were obtained from 35 colon cancer cases. CSCs were isolated from human colon cancer cell lines, where the stemness of the cells was evaluated by cell viability, colony-forming, spheroid-forming, invasion, migration, and apoptosis assays. NF-κB activation was then performed in subcutaneous tumor models of CSCs by injecting lipopolysaccharides (LPS) i.p. RESULTS: We found that NF-κB activation could reduce the expression of miR-195-5p and miR-497-5p, where these two miRNAs were determined to be downregulated in colon cancer tissues, cultured colon CSCs, and LPS-injected subcutaneous tumor models. Elevation of miR-195-5p and miR-497-5p levels by their specific mimic could ablate the effects of NF-κB on the stemness of colon cancer cells in vivo and in vitro, suggesting that NF-κB could maintain the stemness of colon cancer cells by downregulating miR-195-5p/497-5p. MCM2 was validated as the target gene of miR-195-5p and miR-497-5p in cultured colon CSCs. Overexpression of MCM2 was shown to restore the stemness of colon cancer cells in the presence of miR-195-5p and miR-497-5p, suggesting that miR-195-5p and miR-497-5p could impair the stemness of colon cancer cells by targeting MCM2 in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Our work demonstrates that the restoration of miR-195-5p and miR-497-5p may be a therapeutic strategy for colon cancer treatment in relation to NF-κB activation.

15.
Cancer Res ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115806

RESUMO

Activation of transcription factors is a key driver event in cancer. We and others have recently reported that the Krüppel-like transcription factor KLF5 is activated in multiple epithelial cancer types including squamous cancer and gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma, yet the functional consequences and the underlying mechanisms of this activation remain largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that activation of KLF5 results in strongly selective KLF5 dependency for these cancer types. KLF5 bound lineage-specific regulatory elements and activated gene expression programs essential to cancer cells. HiChIP analysis revealed that multiple distal KLF5 binding events cluster and synergize to activate individual target genes. Immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry assays showed that KLF5 interacts with other transcription factors such as TP63 and YAP1, as well as the CBP/EP300 acetyltransferase complex. Furthermore, KLF5 guided the CBP/EP300 complex to increase acetylation of H3K27, which in turn enhanced recruitment of the bromodomain protein BRD4 to chromatin. The 3D chromatin architecture aggregated KLF5-dependent BRD4 binding to activate Polymerase II (POL2) elongation at KLF5-target genes, which conferred a transcriptional vulnerability to proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTAC)-induced degradation of BRD4. Our study demonstrates that KLF5 plays an essential role in multiple epithelial cancers by activating cancer-related genes through 3D chromatin loops, providing an evidence-based rationale for targeting the KLF5 pathway.

16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(37): 5718-5730, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare disease, especially in children. Conservative treatment and surgery are traditional therapies, but surgery is invasive. The emergence of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has provided a new noninvasive treatment for PPF and may become the first choice for children with PPF. AIM: To explore the treatment response to ERCP for PPF in children. METHODS: Seven children with PPF were hospitalized in the Gastroenterology Department of Beijing Children's Hospital from December 2007 to May 2019. Data on these seven patients' clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes were analyzed, and their treatment responses following surgery and ERCP were compared. The correlation between the length of hospital stay and conservative treatment was analyzed. Peer-reviewed articles written in English and Chinese published from January 2009 to December 2019 were obtained from various open data sources and reviewed. RESULTS: The seven patients comprised three boys and four girls with a mean age of 6.57 ± 3.26 years. The main symptoms were chest tightness and pain (n = 4), intermittent fever (n = 3), dyspnea (n = 3), and abdominal pain (n = 1), and all patients had bloody pleural effusion. All seven patients were diagnosed with PPF by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and all were initially treated conservatively for a mean of 34.67 ± 22.03 d with a poor response. Among five patients who underwent ERCP, one required surgery because of intubation failure; thus, the success rate of ERCP was 80%. Two patients were successfully treated with surgery (100%). The postoperative hospital stay of the two patients treated by surgery was 20 and 30 d, respectively (mean of 25 d), and that of the four patients treated by ERCP ranged from 12 to 30 d (mean of 19.25 ± 8.85 d). The recovery time after ERCP was short [time to oral feeding, 4-6 d (mean, 5.33 ± 1.15 d); duration of closed thoracic drainage, 2-22 d (mean, 13.3 d)]. Analysis of previous cases of PPF published worldwide during the past decade showed that the treatment success rate of ERCP is not lower than that of surgery. There was no significant difference in the postoperative hospital stay between surgery (16 ± 10.95 d) and ERCP (18.7 ± 6.88 d, P > 0.05). A positive linear correlation was found between the overall hospital stay and ERCP intervention time (R 2 = 0.9992). CONCLUSION: ERCP is recommended as the first-choice treatment for PPF in children. ERCP should be performed as early as possible if conditions permit.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(13): 136602, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034493

RESUMO

First-principles calculations of e-ph interactions are becoming a pillar of electronic structure theory. However, the current approach is incomplete. The piezoelectric (PE) e-ph interaction, a long-range scattering mechanism due to acoustic phonons in noncentrosymmetric polar materials, is not accurately described at present. Current calculations include short-range e-ph interactions (obtained by interpolation) and the dipolelike Frölich long-range coupling in polar materials, but lack important quadrupole effects for acoustic modes and PE materials. Here we derive and compute the long-range e-ph interaction due to dynamical quadrupoles, and apply this framework to investigate e-ph interactions and the carrier mobility in the PE material wurtzite GaN. We show that the quadrupole contribution is essential to obtain accurate e-ph matrix elements for acoustic modes and to compute PE scattering. Our work resolves the outstanding problem of correctly computing e-ph interactions for acoustic modes from first principles, and enables studies of e-ph coupling and charge transport in PE materials.

19.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027026

RESUMO

In this article, we investigate the synchronization of complex networks with general time-varying delay, especially with nondifferentiable delay. In the literature, the time-varying delay is usually assumed to be differentiable. This assumption is strict and not easy to verify in engineering. Until now, the synchronization of networks with nondifferentiable delay through adaptive control remains a challenging problem. By analyzing the boundedness of the adaptive control gain and extending the well-known Halanay inequality, we solve this problem and establish several synchronization criteria for networks under the centralized adaptive control and networks under the decentralized adaptive control. Particularly, the boundedness of the centralized adaptive control gain is theoretically proved. Numerical simulations are provided to verify the theoretical results.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 1371632, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083449

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer associated with a growing incidence and extremely high mortality. However, the pathogenic mechanism is still not fully understood. In the present study, we identified 1,631 upregulated and 1,515 downregulated genes and found that cell cycle and metabolism-related pathways or biological processes highly dysregulated in HCC. To assess the biological importance of these DEGs, we carried out weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) to identify the functional modules potentially involved in HCC pathogenesis or progression. The five modules were detected with Dynamic Tree Cut algorithm, and GO enrichment analysis revealed that these modules exhibited different biological processes or signaling pathways, such as metabolism-related pathways, cell proliferation-related pathways, and molecules in tumor microenvironment. Moreover, we also observed two immune cells, namely, cytotoxic cells and macrophage enriched in modules grey and brown, respectively, while T helper cell-2 (Th2) was enriched in module turquoise. Among the WGCNA network, four hub long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) were identified to be associated with HCC prognostic outcomes, suggesting that coexpression network analysis could uncover lncRNAs with functional importance, which may be associated with prognostic outcomes of HCC patients. In summary, this study demonstrated that network-based analysis could identify some functional modules and some hub-lncRNAs, which may be critical for HCC pathogenesis or progression.

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