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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622933

RESUMO

Bubble-enhanced shock waves induce the transient opening of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) providing unique advantages for targeted drug delivery of brain tumor therapy, but little is known about the molecular details of this process. Based on our BBB model including 28 000 lipids and 280 tight junction proteins and coarse-grained dynamics simulations, we provided the molecular-level delivery mechanism of three typical drugs for the first time, including the lipophilic paclitaxel, hydrophilic gemcitabine, and siRNA encapsulated in liposome, across the BBB. The results show that the BBB is more difficult to be perforated by shock-induced jets than the human brain plasma membrane (PM), requiring higher shock wave speeds. For the pores formed, the BBB exhibits a greater ability to self-heal than PM. Hydrophobic paclitaxel can cross the BBB and be successfully absorbed, but the amount is only one-third of that of PM; however, the absorption of hydrophilic gemcitabine was almost negligible. Liposome-loaded siRNAs only stayed in the first layer of the BBB. The mechanism analysis shows that increasing the bubble size can promote drug absorption while reducing the risk of higher shock wave overpressure. An exponential function was proposed to describe the relation between bubble and overpressure, which can be extended to the experimental microbubble scale. The calculated overpressure is consistent with the experimental result. These molecular-scale details on shock-assisted BBB opening for targeted drug delivery would guide and assist experimental attempts to promote the application of this strategy in the clinical treatment of brain tumors.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578890

RESUMO

Background: Antioxidant diets are considered to be protective factors for cognitive function. However, comprehensive measures of antioxidant diets are lacking. Objective: To examine the association between the Composite Dietary Antioxidant Index (CDAI) and cognitive function in the elderly. Methods: This cross-sectional study included a total of 2,456 participants (≥60 years old) from NHANES 2011-2014. Calculation of CDAI based on 6 minerals and vitamins (manganese, selenium, zinc, vitamins A, C, and E). Cognitive function was measured by the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) Word Learning sub-test, Animal Fluency Test (AFT), and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST). We also created a composite cognitive z-score to represent global cognition. The statistical analyses we used included multiple linear regression analyses, subgroup analyses, curve-fitting analyses, and threshold effects analyses. Results: After controlling for demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, and disease history, multivariate linear regression analyses showed that increased CDAI was positively associated with scores on global cognitive function and each cognitive domain (p < 0.05), with subgroup analyses suggesting that this association was more pronounced in stroke patients (p for interaction < 0.05). Curve-fitting analyses and threshold effect analyses showed saturation effects between CDAI and CREAD Test, AFT, and composite Z-score, and an inverted U-shaped relationship with DSST, with inflection points of -1.89, 0.79, 1.13, and 1.77, respectively. Conclusions: Our findings support that higher levels of CDAI are correlated with significantly elevated cognitive function. Maintaining CDAI in an appropriate range may contribute to cognitive health in elderly.

4.
Mil Med Res ; 11(1): 20, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophils are traditionally viewed as first responders but have a short onset of action in response to traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the heterogeneity, multifunctionality, and time-dependent modulation of brain damage and outcome mediated by neutrophils after TBI remain poorly understood. METHODS: Using the combined single-cell transcriptomics, metabolomics, and proteomics analysis from TBI patients and the TBI mouse model, we investigate a novel neutrophil phenotype and its associated effects on TBI outcome by neurological deficit scoring and behavioral tests. We also characterized the underlying mechanisms both in vitro and in vivo through molecular simulations, signaling detections, gene expression regulation assessments [including dual-luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays], primary cultures or co-cultures of neutrophils and oligodendrocytes, intracellular iron, and lipid hydroperoxide concentration measurements, as well as forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) conditional knockout mice. RESULTS: We identified that high expression of the FOXO1 protein was induced in neutrophils after TBI both in TBI patients and the TBI mouse model. Infiltration of these FOXO1high neutrophils in the brain was detected not only in the acute phase but also in the chronic phase post-TBI, aggravating acute brain inflammatory damage and promoting late TBI-induced depression. In the acute stage, FOXO1 upregulated cytoplasmic Versican (VCAN) to interact with the apoptosis regulator B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2)-associated X protein (BAX), suppressing the mitochondrial translocation of BAX, which mediated the antiapoptotic effect companied with enhancing interleukin-6 (IL-6) production of FOXO1high neutrophils. In the chronic stage, the "FOXO1-transferrin receptor (TFRC)" mechanism contributes to FOXO1high neutrophil ferroptosis, disturbing the iron homeostasis of oligodendrocytes and inducing a reduction in myelin basic protein, which contributes to the progression of late depression after TBI. CONCLUSIONS: FOXO1high neutrophils represent a novel neutrophil phenotype that emerges in response to acute and chronic TBI, which provides insight into the heterogeneity, reprogramming activity, and versatility of neutrophils in TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Neutrófilos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Encéfalo , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Depressão , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Ferro
5.
Opt Express ; 32(6): 9553-9561, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571186

RESUMO

A design method for ultrahigh-Q microring resonators (MRRs) based on Bezier free-form curves was proposed and demonstrated. An MRR consisting of a specially designed 180° waveguide bend, a directional coupler, and two low-loss multi-mode strip waveguides was designed. The free-form curves were used to increase the degree of freedom in the design, shaping the waveguide bend with a gradient width and curvature. This design effectively reduced the propagation loss caused by the roughness of waveguide sidewalls and the mode mismatch loss caused by the excitation of high order modes. The small effective radius of only 20µm enabled the MRR to have a large free spectral range (FSR) and a compact and flexible structure. The MRR was manufactured using a standard process provided by foundry and measured to have an ultrahigh loaded Q factor of 1.86 × 106 and a FSR of about 1 nm.

6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 205, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, the extended Morrow procedure is considered the gold standard treatment for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who experience severe symptoms and are unresponsive to medication treatment. We therefore aimed to perform transapical intramyocardial septal microwave ablation to reduce the thickness of the interventricular septum myocardium in a minimally invasive method. METHODS: Fourteen swine were divided to form either a microwave ablation group (n = 7) or a sham group (n = 7). In the microwave ablation group, a transapical microwave antenna was inserted into the septum to ablate each myocardial segment at 40 W for 1 min, while in the sham group, the same operation was performed but without power output. We used echocardiography, electrocardiogram, during the operation. And added computerized tomography, cardiac nuclear magnetic resonance during follow-up. RESULTS: Segment hypokinesis was observed in all swine immediately following ablation. Compared with the sham group, the thickness of ablated segments in the ablation group decreased significantly 1 month post-operation (ablation group, 5.53 ± 1.00 mm vs. 8.03 ± 1.15 mm, respectively, P < 0.01; sham group, 8.40 ± 0.94 mm vs. 8.21 ± 1.09 mm, respectively, P = 0.081), and the outcome was still observed 1 year post-operation (ablation group, 3.36 ± 0.85 mm vs. 8.03 ± 1.15 mm, respectively, P < 0.01). No perforation of the septum was observed during the procedure or follow-up, and no heart failure or sudden cardiac death occurred during postoperative feeding. CONCLUSIONS: Transapical intramyocardial septal microwave ablation can effectively and safely produce a large region of necrosis. This technique can potentially mimic surgical myectomy while avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass and median sternotomy in high-risk hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Ablação por Cateter , Humanos , Animais , Suínos , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/cirurgia , Coração , Miocárdio
7.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26803, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434389

RESUMO

Aims: Dilated cardiomyopathy refers to a heart muscle condition characterized by structural and functional irregularities in the myocardium that are not related to ischemia. Due to diverse etiologies such as genetic mutations, infections, and exposure to toxins, dilated cardiomyopathy can lead to substantial morbidity and mortality despite advances in the management of heart failure in dilated cardiomyopathy patients. We sought to analyze the characteristics of cell-cell communication and the metabolic signaling pathways in dilated cardiomyopathy. Methods and results: The single-nucleus sequencing data of left ventricle samples were acquired from two donor datasets and two dilated cardiomyopathy datasets. Three dilated cardiomyopathy bulk-sequencing datasets were included to determine the shared dilated cardiomyopathy-specific alterations in differentially expressed genes and signaling pathways. Using "CellChat," we analyzed intercellular communication to grasp how cell clusters interact and to map out the impaired signaling pathways in both donor and dilated cardiomyopathy conditions. Gene set enrichment analysis was applied to compare the metabolic signaling before and after dilated cardiomyopathy. We showcased how cell clusters exhibited abnormal cell-to-cell signaling transduction and how each cell type displayed dysfunctional metabolic signaling pathways through the integration of various datasets. The crucial ligand-receptor signaling contributing to outgoing or incoming signaling of dilated cardiomyopathy was identified in a cell-type dependent way, and the cell-specific metabolic alterations in glucose, lipid and amino acid were determined. The expression of gene pairs in BMP and NOTCH signal, as well as the gene expression in the arginine metabolism was validated. Conclusions: We reveal the key signals and metabolic pathways for dilated cardiomyopathy adaptation and maintenance, providing potential targets for dilated cardiomyopathy interference.

8.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 971-983, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495923

RESUMO

Aim of the Study: This study analyzes research on TCM formulae in CHD over the past 30 years, using VOSviewer and CiteSpace. It aims to highlight key trends and hotspots in the field. Materials and Methods: The core database of Web of Science was collected, and the search time range was from the establishment of the database to the present (August 2023) for the literature related to the study of TCM prescriptions in CHD, and the information on the number of literature, countries, journals, authors, institutions, keywords were summarized by applying the software VOSviewer and CiteSpace. Results: A total of 135 kinds of literature were included. The number of published journal papers on research on TCM therapeutic formulae for CHD showed an upward trend; China was the most prolific country in this field; the largest number of papers were published in Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, MEDICINE; the average number of citations for authors and institutional analysis revealed that Xu Hao of China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Mao Jingyuan of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Shang Hongcai of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine constituted the core team of researchers studying the study of TCM formulae for CHD; the keyword analysis suggests that there are mainly 42 specifically named TCM formulae for the treatment of CHD, which are classified into a total of 7 major categories, and the research direction is mainly in the clinical efficacy study of different TCM therapeutic formulae and other aspects. Conclusion: This study shows that there are more types of TCM therapeutic formulae for CHD, and the related research has a good prospect. It is foreseeable that more relevant research results will rely on the study of network pharmacology, signalling pathways, and action targets of TCM therapeutic formulae.

9.
World Neurosurg ; 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the literature on hydrogel therapy for spinal cord injury to visualize the research status, identify hotspots, and explore the development trends in this field. METHODS: Web of science Core Collection database was searched for relevant studies published between January 1991 and December 2023. Data such as journal title, author information, institutional affiliation, country, citation and keywords were extracted. Bibliometrix, CiteSpace and VOSviewer were used to perform bibliometric analysis of the retrieved data. RESULTS: A total of 1099 articles pertaining to hydrogel therapy for spinal cord injury were retrieved, revealing an upward trajectory in both annual publication volume and cumulative publication volume. Biomaterials emerged as the journal with the highest number of publications and the most rapid cumulative publication growth, contributing 84 articles. Among authors, Shoichet MS stood out with the highest number of publications and citations, totaling 66 articles. The University of Toronto led in institutional contributions with 65 publications, while China dominated in country-specific publications, accounting for 374 articles. However, to foster significant academic achievements, it is imperative for diverse authors, institutions, and countries to enhance collaboration. Current research in this field concentrates on scaffold architecture, nerve growth factor, the fibrotic microenvironment, and guidance channels. Simultaneously, upcoming research directions prioritize 3D bioprinting, injectable hydrogel, inflammation, and nanoparticles within the realm of hydrogel therapy for spinal cord injuries. CONCLUSION: In summary, this study provided a comprehensive analysis of the current research status and frontiers of hydrogel therapy for spinal cord injury. The findings provide a foundation for future research and clinical translation efforts of hydrogel therapy in this field.

10.
J Integr Med ; 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute gouty arthritis (AGA) is an inflammatory joint disease with a high prevalence. Typical medical interventions, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchicine and glucocorticoids, can have serious adverse reactions. Huzhang Granule (HZG), a compound Chinese herbal medicine, has been used to treat AGA for more than 30 years with satisfactory effects and no significant adverse reactions. However, the efficacy and safety of HZG in AGA patients remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The present investigation was designed to examine the efficacy and safety profile of HZG in managing AGA patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: The current study was conducted as a noninferiority, randomized controlled clinical trial on 180 eligible enrolled participants. Participants were randomly assigned into the HZG and etoricoxib groups. Treatments were administered for 5 d, during which the HZG group received HZG and placebo etoricoxib, while the etoricoxib group received etoricoxib and placebo HZG in the same ratio (1:1). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was pain experienced by the patient in the gout-afflicted joint from days 2 to 5 of the treatment window. The pain level was measured via a visual analogue scale, ranging from 0 mm to 100 mm. The secondary outcomes comprised joint tenderness and swelling, reduction of inflammatory biomarkers, and the patient's and investigator's global evaluations of therapeutic response. RESULTS: The mean reduction in pain was -51.22 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], [-53.42, -49.03] mm) for the HZG and -52.00 mm (95% CI, [-54.06, -49.94] mm) for the etoricoxib groups. The mean difference between the two groups was 0.78 mm (95% CI, [-2.25, 3.81] mm). All additional efficacy endpoints, covering decreased inflammation and pain relief, yielded compelling proof of noninferiority. Patients in the HZG group exhibited a comparatively lower rate of adverse events compared to those in the etoricoxib group (4.44% vs 13.33%; P ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSION: HZG and etoricoxib groups demonstrated similar levels of analgesic effectiveness. The safety and efficacy of HZG indicates that it can be used as a potential therapeutic option for treating AGA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000036970). Please cite this article as: Wang H, Chen ST, Ding XJ, Kuai L, Hua L, Li X, Wang YF, Zhang M, Li B, Wang RP, Zhou M. Efficacy and safety of Huzhang Granule, a compound Chinese herbal medicine, for acute gouty arthritis: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial. J Integr Med. 2024; Epub ahead of print.

11.
J Phys Chem B ; 128(12): 2897-2904, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484173

RESUMO

In this computational study, we examine the potential of microbubble-enhanced shock waves to improve the delivery of lipid-siRNA nanoparticles across neuronal plasma membranes with the ultimate aim of enhancing brain tumor treatment. We critically evaluate several variables related to experiments, including the bubble size, the shock speed and action time, and the amount of siRNA encapsulated in the liposome. Our findings reveal that microbubble-enhanced shock waves are essential for the high delivery of small lipid vesicles (under 30 nm diameter); its corresponding variables significantly impact drug penetration and absorption rates and influence the overall efficacy of the drug delivery system. Long-time recovery simulations further provide valuable insights into the self-healing ability of the plasma membrane following shock wave exposure and the subsequent absorption dynamics of siRNA. This work provides the dynamic process of siRNA released from lipid vesicles with shock wave and nanobubbles, thereby serving as a molecular mechanism support for developing tunable delivery systems for RNA-based therapy in brain tumors.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Microbolhas , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Membrana Celular , Lipídeos
12.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; : e2300715, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539063

RESUMO

The raw materials of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) are derived from petroleum-based resources, which are no sustainable. Therefore, previous researchers introduced biomass-derived 2,5-tetrahydrofurfuryl dimethanol (THFDM) into PET. However, its heat resistance has decreased compared to PET. In this paper, a novel bio-based copolyester, poly(ethylene glycol-co-2,5-tetrahydrofuran dimethanol-co-isosorbide terephthalate) (PEIFT), is prepared by introducing biomass-derived isosorbide (ISB) and THFDM into the PET chains through melting copolymerization process. With the introduction of ISB content, copolyesters' hydrophilicity and rigidity improve. Compared to PET, glass transition temperature (Tg) increases by over 5 °C. In addition, the toughness and spinning performance of PEIFT have also been improved as a result of the addition of THFDM components. The hydrophobicity of PEIFTs electrospinning is greatly improved, with a contact angle exceeding 135°. Finally, due to the good hydrophobicity of PEIFTs nanofibers, they have potential application value in the manufacture of hydrophobic nanofiber and filter films. Given its biomass source and excellent performance, they make it easier to replace materials derived from petroleum.

13.
Inflamm Res ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the role of Acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (ACSL4) in mediating mitochondrial fatty acid metabolism and dendritic cell (DC) antigen presentation in the immune response associated with asthma. METHODS: RNA sequencing was employed to identify key genes associated with mitochondrial function and fatty acid metabolism in DCs. ELISA was employed to assess the levels of fatty acid metabolism in DCs. Mitochondrial morphology was evaluated using laser confocal microscopy, structured illumination microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were utilized to detect changes in mitochondrial superoxide generation in DCs, followed by immunofluorescence co-localization analysis of ACSL4 and the mitochondrial marker protein COXIV. Subsequently, pathological changes and immune responses in mouse lung tissue were observed. ELISA was conducted to measure the levels of fatty acid metabolism in lung tissue DCs. qRT-PCR and western blotting were employed to respectively assess the expression levels of mitochondrial-associated genes (ATP5F1A, VDAC1, COXIV, TFAM, iNOS) and proteins (ATP5F1A, VDAC1, COXIV, TOMM20, iNOS) in lung tissue DCs. Flow cytometry was utilized to analyze changes in the expression of surface antigens presented by DCs in lung tissue, specifically the MHCII molecule and the co-stimulatory molecules CD80/86. RESULTS: The sequencing results reveal that ACSL4 is a crucial gene regulating mitochondrial function and fatty acid metabolism in DCs. Inhibiting ACSL4 reduces the levels of fatty acid oxidases in DCs, increases arachidonic acid levels, and decreases A-CoA synthesis. Simultaneously, ACSL4 inhibition leads to an increase in mitochondrial superoxide production (MitoSOX) in DCs, causing mitochondrial rupture, vacuolization, and sparse mitochondrial cristae. In mice, ACSL4 inhibition exacerbates pulmonary pathological changes and immune responses, reducing the fatty acid metabolism levels within lung tissue DCs and the expression of mitochondria-associated genes and proteins. This inhibition induces an increase in the expression of MHCII antigen presentation molecules and co-stimulatory molecules CD80/86 in DCs. CONCLUSIONS: The research findings indicate that ACSL4-mediated mitochondrial fatty acid metabolism and dendritic cell antigen presentation play a crucial regulatory role in the immune response of asthma. This discovery holds promise for enhancing our understanding of the mechanisms underlying asthma pathogenesis and potentially identifying novel targets for its prevention and treatment.

14.
Opt Lett ; 49(3): 546-549, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300055

RESUMO

Computer vision technology has been applied in various fields such as identification, surveillance, and robot vision. However, computer vision algorithms used for human-related tasks operate on human images, which raises data security and privacy concerns. In this Letter, we propose an image-free human keypoint detection technique using a few coded illuminations and a single-pixel detector. Our proposed method can complete the keypoint detection task at an ultralow sampling rate on a measured one-dimensional sequence without image reconstruction, thus protecting privacy from the data collection stage and preventing the acquisition of detailed visual information from the source. The network is designed to optimize both the illumination patterns and the human keypoint predictor with an encoder-decoder framework. For model training and validation, we used 2000 images from Leeds Sport Dataset and COCO Dataset. By incorporating EfficientNet backbone, the inference time is reduced from 4 s to 0.10 s. In the simulation, the proposed network achieves 91.7% average precision. Our experimental results show an average precision of 88.4% at a remarkably low sampling rate of 0.015. In summary, our proposed method has the advantages of privacy protection and resource efficiency, which can be applied to many monitoring and healthcare tasks, such as clinical monitoring, construction site monitoring, and home service robots.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Privacidade , Humanos , Simulação por Computador , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Iluminação
15.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1346001, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375471

RESUMO

Background: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK+ ALCL) is a rare, mature T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The prognosis of patients with relapsed or refractory ALCL following first-line chemotherapy is extremely poor. NCCN guidelines recommend intensified chemotherapy with or without ASCT consolidation for r/r ALCL, however, this is not an effective treatment for all ALK+ALCL. Case report: Herein, we report a patient with relapsed/refractory ALK+ ALCL who received crizotinib and brentuximab vedotin as bridging therapy, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation and sequential anti-CD30 CAR T cell therapy. Conclusion: The patient achieved complete remission and long-term disease-free survival of months and continues to be followed up. The combination therapy model in this case may provide guidance for the management of relapsed/refractory ALK+ ALCL, and further prospective trials are needed to confirm its effectiveness.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunoconjugados , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Humanos , Brentuximab Vedotin/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/patologia , Crizotinibe/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Imunoconjugados/uso terapêutico , Transplante Autólogo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética
16.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25145, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322941

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs as a result of traumatic events that damage the spinal cord, leading to motor, sensory, or autonomic function impairment. Sarsasapogenin (SA), a natural steroidal compound, has been reported to have various pharmacological applications, including the treatment of inflammation, diabetic nephropathy, and neuroprotection. However, the therapeutic efficacy and underlying mechanisms of SA in the context of SCI are still unclear. This research aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of SA against SCI by integrating network pharmacology analysis and experimental verification. Network pharmacology results suggested that SA may effectively treat SCI by targeting key targets such as TNF, RELA, JUN, MAPK14, and MAPK8. The underlying mechanism of this treatment may involve the MAPK (JNK) signaling pathway and inflammation-related signaling pathways such as TNF and Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. These findings highlight the therapeutic potential of SA in SCI treatment and provide valuable insights into its molecular mechanisms of action. In vivo experiments confirmed the reparative effect of SA on SCI in rats and suggested that SA could repair SCI by modulating the immune microenvironment. In vitro experiments further investigated how SA regulates the immune microenvironment by inhibiting the MAPK/NF-kB pathways. Overall, this study successfully utilized a combination of network pharmacology and experimental verification to establish that SA can regulate the immune microenvironment via the MAPK/NF-kB signaling pathway, ultimately facilitating functional recovery from SCI. Furthermore, these findings emphasize the potential of natural compounds from traditional Chinese medicine as a viable therapy for SCI treatment.

17.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26063, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380039

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has highlighted a strong association between gut microbiota and the occurrence, development, prevention, and treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). The regulation of gut microbial dysbiosis by oral traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has garnered significant attention. In the treatment of AD, the TCM formula Qingre-Qushi Recipe (QRQS) has demonstrated clinical efficacy. However, both the therapeutic mechanisms of QRQS and its impact on gut microbiota remain unclear. Thus, our study aimed to assess the efficacy of QRQS and evaluate its influence on the composition and diversity of gut microbiota in AD animal models. First, we investigated the therapeutic effect of QRQS on AD using two animal models: filaggrin-deficient mice (Flaky tail, ft/ft) and MC903-induced AD-like mice. Subsequently, we explored its influence on the composition and diversity of gut microbiota. Our results demonstrated that QRQS treatment ameliorated the symptoms in both ft/ft mice and MC903-induced AD-like mice. It also reduced the levels of serum IgE and pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-13, IL-17A, and TNF-α. Furthermore, QRQS remarkably regulated gut microbiota diversity by increasing Lactobacillaceae and decreasing Bacteroidales. The inflammatory factors in peripheral serum of ft/ft mice showed a close correlation with gut microbiota, as determined using the Spearman correlation coefficient. Additionally, PICRUSt analysis revealed an enrichment in ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, fatty acid metabolism and biosynthesis, and propanoate metabolism in the QRQS group compared to the ft/ft group. Finally, we identified liquiritin as the primary active ingredient of QRQS using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS). Our findings revealed that QRQS improved AD-like symptoms and alleviated skin inflammation in ft/ft and MC903-induced mice. This suggests that modulating the gut microbiota may help elucidate its anti-inflammation activation mechanism, highlighting a new therapeutic strategy that targets the intestinal flora to prevent and treat AD.

18.
iScience ; 27(2): 108883, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318358

RESUMO

Mitochondria are dynamic organelles in cellular metabolism and physiology. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations are associated with a broad spectrum of clinical abnormalities. However, mechanisms underlying mtDNA mutations regulate intracellular signaling related to the mitochondrial and cellular integrity are less explored. Here, we demonstrated that mt-tRNAMet 4435A>G mutation-induced nucleotide modification deficiency dysregulated the expression of nuclear genes involved in cytosolic proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) and impaired the assemble and integrity of OXPHOS complexes. These dysfunctions caused mitochondrial dynamic imbalance, thereby increasing fission and decreasing fusion. Excessive fission impaired the process of autophagy including initiation phase, formation, and maturation of autophagosome. Strikingly, the m.4435A>G mutation upregulated the PARKIN dependent mitophagy pathways but downregulated the ubiquitination-independent mitophagy. These alterations promoted intrinsic apoptotic process for the removal of damaged cells. Our findings provide new insights into mechanism underlying deficient tRNA posttranscription modification regulated intracellular signaling related to the mitochondrial and cellular integrity.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330568

RESUMO

Context: Pigmented dermatoses are skin diseases characterized by pigmentation changes in the skin's surface due to abnormal melanocyte production. Photon-skin-rejuvenation technology can be effective for the management of facial pigmented dermatoses. Black Gold Delicate Pulse Light (DPL) Super Photon Skin Rejuvenation therapy is a new technology based on traditional photo rejuvenation. Objective: The study intended to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of DPL therapy in the management of targeted pigmented skin diseases, such as melasma, solar lentigines, and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. Design: The research team conducted a prospective cohort study. Setting: The study took place at Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Shaoxing University, Shaoxing, China. Participants: Participants were 130 patients with facial pigmented dermatoses treated at the hospital between February 2021 and December 2021. Interventions: The research team assigned participants to one of two groups, with 65 participants in each group: (1) the control group, the intense pulsed light (IPL) group, who received IPL treatment, and (2) the intervention group, the DPL group, who received black gold DPL super photon skin rejuvenation. Both groups received the treatments once a month for 6 months. Outcome Measures: At baseline and postintervention for both groups, the research team: (1) collected 5 ml of fasting venous blood from participants and measured serum concentrations of melatonin (MEL), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); (2) assessed the degree of reduction of facial pigmentation using the Visia skin test and each participant's clinical results and calculated total efficacy; and (3) monitored and recorded adverse events. Results: Compared to the IPL group, the DPL group: (1) had greater symptom mitigation of the facial pigmented dermatosis, as evinced by significantly lower serum MEL (P = .001) and ET-1 (P = .020) concentrations and higher VEGF levels (P = .001); (2) for participants with freckles (P = .045), cafe-au-lait spots (P = .021), or post-acne hyperpigmentation (P = .029), had a significantly higher total efficacy; and (3) had a lower incidence of adverse events (P = .041). Conclusions: Black Gold DPL Super Photon Skin Rejuvenation offers a significantly higher safety profile and treatment efficacy for pigmented-skin diseases compared to IPL treatment. These promising results suggest potential for its use in clinical practice, but clinical adoption requires future trials.

20.
Artif Intell Med ; 148: 102757, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325920

RESUMO

Semi-supervised segmentation plays an important role in computer vision and medical image analysis and can alleviate the burden of acquiring abundant expert-annotated images. In this paper, we developed a residual-driven semi-supervised segmentation method (termed RDMT) based on the classical mean teacher (MT) framework by introducing a novel model-level residual perturbation and an exponential Dice (eDice) loss. The introduced perturbation was integrated into the exponential moving average (EMA) scheme to enhance the performance of the MT, while the eDice loss was used to improve the detection sensitivity of a given network to object boundaries. We validated the developed method by applying it to segment 3D Left Atrium (LA) and 2D optic cup (OC) from the public LASC and REFUGE datasets based on the V-Net and U-Net, respectively. Extensive experiments demonstrated that the developed method achieved the average Dice score of 0.8776 and 0.7751, when trained on 10% and 20% labeled images, respectively for the LA and OC regions depicted on the LASC and REFUGE datasets. It significantly outperformed the MT and can compete with several existing semi-supervised segmentation methods (i.e., HCMT, UAMT, DTC and SASS).

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