Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.449
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142522, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short-term effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure on lung function have been reported. However, few studies have assessed PM2.5 exposure on the personal level, and the mechanism underlying the effects of PM2.5 exposure on lung function remains less clear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between personal PM2.5 exposure and lung function alteration in general population and to explore the roles of systematic inflammation and oxidative damage in this association. METHODS: A total of 7685 lung function tests were completed among 4697 urban adults in Wuhan, China. Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin-F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were measured. Personal PM2.5 exposure levels were estimated using an estimation model from the actual measurements of individual PM2.5 levels in 191 participants. Mixed linear models were used to evaluate the association between personal PM2.5 exposure and lung function. Mediation analyses were conducted to investigate the roles of CRP, 8-iso-PGF2α and 8-OHdG in above associations. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders, each 10 µg/m3 increase in the previous-day personal PM2.5 exposure was associated with 2.94 mL, 2.02 mL and 16.14 mL/s decreases in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiration volume in 1 s (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow, respectively. The associations were more obvious among never smokers compared with current smokers. Cumulative 7-day exposure to PM2.5 led to the strongest adverse effects on lung function. Among never smokers with high PM2.5 exposure levels, a positive relationship was observed between personal PM2.5 level and urinary 8-iso-PGF2α, and 8-iso-PGF2α meditated 4.69% and 12.30% of the association between the 7-day moving PM2.5 concentration and FVC and FEV1, respectively. We did not observe a significant positive association between PM2.5 exposure and plasma CRP or urinary 8-OHdG. CONCLUSION: Short-term personal exposure to PM2.5 is associated with reduced pulmonary ventilation function. Urinary 8-iso-PGF2α partly mediates these associations.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 9203-9209, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058662

RESUMO

All-inorganic perovskites of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs) exhibit strong X-ray absorption and have been demonstrated to be highly efficient scintillators for X-ray detection and imaging. However, the long-term stability of the perovskite remains a major hurdle in practical applications, especially under a commercial dose of X-ray irradiation (0.5-5.5 mGy·s-1). Herein, with a solution-protected annealing approach reconstructing the CsPbBr3 NCs free from undesired defects, the perovskite scintillators provide a long-term (∼3600 s) stable visualization tool for X-ray radiography (1.44 × 106 captured images for the exposure time of 2.5 ms per image) under the irradiation dose of 1 mGy·s-1. This work opens a window for the stability of perovskite scintillators and demonstrates their robust and long-term efficient radioluminescence (RL) for low-cost radiography and X-ray imaging application.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8469560, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062702

RESUMO

Objective: To understand how to implement proactive prevention measures among healthcare professionals for preventing potential nosocomial infection. Methods: 91 healthcare professionals confirmed with the COVID-19 infection were collected, and clinical characteristics and epidemiological data were evaluated. Results: Among the cases, 77 cases (84.6%) were confirmed by the viral nucleic acid test, and the other 14 cases were diagnosed by the clinical investigation. Ground glass opacity and bilateral shadows distribution were observed in 78 cases (85.6%). 56 cases (61.5%) were admitted into Zhongnan Hospital and subjected to antiviral treatment. 73 of a total of 91 cases (80.2%) with a median incubation period of 3 days (IQR, 2 to 6) reported close contact history with patients with the COVID-19 infection. The most common symptoms at the onset of illness were fever (66 cases, 72.5%) and cough (54 cases, 59.3%). The initial positive rate of the CT scan and RT-PCR assay were 84.6% and 48.4%, respectively (P < 0.01). There were 50 cases occurred during the early stage (before Jan 20, 2020), whereas 41 cases occurred at a late stage (after Jan 20, 2020). In the early stage, the most common route of exposure to COVID-19 was via direct care in the absence of any invasive procedure. By contrast, 37 healthcare professionals infected with COVID-19 in the late stage were confirmed to have been exposed via aerosol-generating procedures. Conclusion: Identification of the asymptomatic individuals in healthcare settings and prompt response when a suspicious case is considered may render effective control of the nosocomial infection during this pandemic.

4.
Mol Ther ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010818

RESUMO

A hostile tumor microenvironment is one of the major obstacles for the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor modified T (CAR-T) cells, and combination treatment might be a potential way to overcome this obstacle. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) has demonstrated tremendous potential in breast cancer. In this study, we explored the possible combination of the PAPRi olaparib with EGFRvIII-targeted CAR (806-28Z CAR) T cells in immunocompetent mouse models of breast cancer. The results indicated that the administration of olaparib could significantly enhance the efficacy of 806-28Z CAR-T cells in vivo. Interestingly, we observed that olaparib could suppress myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) migration and promote the survival of CD8+ T cells in tumor tissue. Mechanistically, olaparib was shown to reduce the expression of SDF1α released from cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and thereby decreased MDSC migration through CXCR4. Taken together, this study demonstrated that olaparib could increase the antitumor activities of CAR-T cell therapy at least partially through inhibiting MDSC migration via the SDF1α/CXCR4 axis. These findings uncover a novel mechanism of PARPi function and provide additional mechanistic rationale for combining PARPi with CAR-T cells for the treatment of breast cancer.

5.
Immunotherapy ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076728

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the expression of programmed death-1 (PD-1) or programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), natural killer T (NKT) and hepatoma cells in coculture system, and the influence of abolishing PD-1 on antitumor efficiency. Materials & methods: CRISPR/Cas9 technology, flow cytometry, ELISA, CCK-8 assay and mouse models were performed to investigate the interactions between PD-1/PD-L1 expression on NKT and hepatoma cells, respectively. Results: The NKT and hepatoma cells mutually affected the expression of PD-1/PD-L1. The killing effect was positively correlated with NKT-mediated PD-L1 expression on hepatoma cells. Conclusion: Hepatoma cells in different genetic background responded differently to NKT-induced PD-L1 stimulation, and those cells with lower PD-L1 expression fail to PD-1 blocking intervention. Additionally, the killing effect was more time-efficient with PD-1 knockout than with monoclonal antibody blockade.

6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(10): e2017652, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030550

RESUMO

Importance: Several antifungal drugs are available for antifungal prophylaxis in patients with hematological disease or who are undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Objective: To summarize the evidence on the efficacy and adverse effects of antifungal agents using an integrated comparison. Data Sources: Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials were searched to collect all relevant evidence published in randomized clinical trials that assessed antifungal prophylaxis in patients with hematological disease. Sources were search from inception up to October 2019. Study Selection: Studies that compared any antifungal agent with a placebo, no antifungal agent, or another antifungal agent among patients with hematological disease or undergoing HSCT were included. Of 39 709 studies identified, 69 met the criteria for inclusion. Data Extraction and Synthesis: The outcome from each study was estimated using the relative risk (RR) with 95% CIs. The Mantel-Haenszel random-effects model was used. The reliability and validity of the networks were estimated by addressing inconsistencies in the evidence from comparative studies of different treatments. Data were analyzed from December 2019 to February 2020. Reporting followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Network Meta-analysis (PRISMA-NMA) guideline. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were invasive fungal infections (IFIs) and mortality. The secondary outcomes were fungal infections, proven IFIs, invasive candidiasis, invasive aspergillosis, fungi-related death, and withdrawal owing to adverse effects of the drug. Results: We identified 69 randomized clinical trials that reported comparisons of 12 treatments with at total of 14 789 patients. Posaconazole was the treatment associated with the best probability of success against IFIs (surface under the cumulative ranking curve, 86.7%; mean rank, 2.5). Posaconazole treatment was associated with a significant reduction in IFIs (RR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.42-0.79) and invasive aspergillosis (RR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.15-0.85) compared with placebo. Voriconazole was associated with a significant reduction in invasive candidiasis (RR, 0.15; 95% CI, 0.09-0.26) compared with placebo. However, posaconazole was associated with a higher incidence of withdrawal because of the adverse effects of the drug (surface under the cumulative ranking curve, 17.5%; mean rank, 9.2). In subgroup analyses considering efficacy and tolerance, voriconazole might be the best choice for patients undergoing HSCT, especially allogenic HSCT; however, posaconazole was ranked as the best choice for patients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that voriconazole may be the best prophylaxis option for patients undergoing HSCT, and posaconazole may be the best prophylaxis option for patients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 571037, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071977

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes has been found to increase severity and mortality under the current pandemic of coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Up to date, the clinical characteristics of diabetes patients with COVID-19 and the risk factors for poor clinical outcomes are not clearly understood. Methods: The study was retrospectively carried out on enrolled diabetes patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 infection from a designated medical center for COVID-19 from January 25th, 2020 to February 14th, 2020 in Wuhan, China. The medical record was collected and reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the risk factors associated with the severe events which were defined as a composite endpoint of admission to intensive care unit, the use of mechanical ventilation, or death. Results: A total of 52 diabetes patients with COVID-19 were finally included in the study. 21 (40.4%) patients had developed severe events in 27.50 (IQR 12.25-35.75) days follow-up, 15 (28.8%) patients experienced life-threatening complications and 8 patients died with a recorded mortality rate of 15.4%. Only 13 patients (41.9%) were in optimal glycemic control with HbA1c value of <7.0%. In addition to general clinical characteristics of COVID-19, the severe events diabetes patients showed higher counts of white blood cells and neutrophil, lower lymphocytes (40, 76.9%), high levels of hs-CRP, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and procalcitonin (PCT) as compared to the non-severe diabetes patients. Mild higher level of cardiac troponin I (cTNI) (32.0 pg/ml; IQR 16.80-55.00) and D-dimer (1.70 µg/L, IQR 0.70-2.40) were found in diabetes patients with severe events as compared to the non-severe patients (cTNI:20.00 pg/ml, IQR5.38-30.00, p = 0.019; D-dimer: 0.70 µg/L, IQR 0.30-2.40, p = 0.037). After adjusting age and sex, increased level of cTNI was found to significantly associate with the incidence of severe events (HR: 1.007; 95% CI: 1.000-1.013; p = 0.048), Furthermore, using of α-glucosidase inhibitors was found to be the potential protectant for severe events (HR: 0.227; 95% CI: 0.057-0.904; p = 0.035). Conclusion: Diabetes patients with COVID-19 showed poor clinical outcomes. Vigorous monitoring of cTNI should be recommended for the diabetes patients with COVID-19. Usage of α-glucosidase inhibitors could be a potential protectant for the diabetes patients with COVID-19.

8.
Org Lett ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044077

RESUMO

A highly enantioselective asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) of densely functionalized diheteroaryl and diaryl ketones was developed using Ru-catalysts of minimal stereogenicity. Various ketone substrates with structurally and electronically similar groups attached to the prochiral centers were reduced successfully in good to excellent enantioselectivities and yields. This protocol provides practical and efficient access to chiral diheteroarylmethanols and benzhydrols, which are key intermediates in pharmaceuticals and biologically active compounds.

9.
Environ Res ; 192: 110259, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a recognized human carcinogen, raising global concern for its ubiquitously environmental exposure on public health. Diabetogenic effects of cadmium have been suggested in previous studies, but the longitudinal associations of chronic cadmium exposure with fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus have not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term cadmium exposure on the fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk in a longitudinal prospective study of China. METHODS: A total of 3521 urban adults were included as baseline study population from the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort, and followed up three years later. Urinary cadmium concentrations were determined repeatedly during the follow-up of a three-year period. The within-person and between-person variability of urinary cadmium concentrations over three years was estimated using multilevel random-effects mixed models. Multivariate regression models were performed to evaluate the associations of cadmium exposure with fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk. RESULTS: The geometric means of creatinine-corrected urinary cadmium concentration at baseline were 1.13 µg/g creatinine, which were close to the levels of follow-up (1.14 µg/g creatinine). The intra-class correlation coefficient of creatinine-corrected urinary cadmium concentrations was 0.71, achieving good reproducibility of cadmium over three years. With adjustment for potential confounders, each one-unit increase in log10-transformed cadmium was associated with a 0.11 (95%CI: 0.03 to 0.19) elevation in fasting blood glucose concentration, and was associated with a 42% (95%CI: 1.16 to 1.73) increase in risk of prevalent type 2 diabetes mellitus. Upward trends of fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus incidence were observed with increasing cadmium exposure. Individuals with the highest urinary cadmium exposure had a significant increase in fasting blood glucose change at follow-up [ß (95% CI): 0.49 (0.31-0.67)]. Risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus were gradually elevated across increasing quartiles of cadmium exposure, though associations did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that relatively high chronic cadmium exposure for general population adults might contribute to elevated changes of fasting blood glucose resulting in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240883, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064766

RESUMO

It has been reported that supplementing certain amino acids has therapeutic effects on ulcerative colitis (UC). We intend to explore whether citrulline (Cit) supplementation has protective effects on UC. Fifteen male Wistar rats were divided into normal control group (NC group), UC group and UC+Cit group, with five rats in each group. The UC model was established by TNBS/ethanol method. Rats in UC+Cit group were intragastrically administered with Cit for 7 consecutive days after modeling. All rats were sacrificed after 7 days. Blood samples were collected to detect the number of monocytes. Colon tissues were taken for HE staining. Immunohistochemistry staining for CD68 and p-STAT3 were performed to detect the infiltration of monocytes and the phosphorylation of STAT3 in colon tissues. The concentrations of MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-17A and the protein expression of p-STAT3 in colon tissues were measured by ELISA and western blot methods, respectively. The body weight of UC group rats decreased significantly after 7 days (p<0.05). However, the weight loss of UC+Cit group rats was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The number of peripheral blood monocytes in UC+Cit group was significantly lower than that in UC group (p<0.05), and the infiltration of CD68-positive monocytes in the colon tissue of UC+Cit group was significantly reduced than that in UC group. The concentrations of MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-17A and the expression of p-STAT3 in colon tissues of UC+Cit group rats were significantly lower than those in UC group (both p<0.05). Our study suggests that Cit supplementation may be a potential therapy for UC.

11.
EMBO J ; : e105907, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073403

RESUMO

Nucleosomes are dynamic entities with wide-ranging compositional variations. Human histone variants H2A.B and H2A.Z.2.2 play critical roles in multiple biological processes by forming unstable nucleosomes and open chromatin structures, but how H2A.B and H2A.Z.2.2 confer these dynamic features to nucleosomes remains unclear. Here, we report cryo-EM structures of nucleosome core particles containing human H2A.B (H2A.B-NCP) at atomic resolution, identifying large-scale structural rearrangements in the histone octamer in H2A.B-NCP. H2A.B-NCP compacts approximately 103 bp of DNA wrapping around the core histones in approximately 1.2 left-handed superhelical turns, in sharp contrast to canonical nucleosome encompassing approximately 1.7 turns of DNA. Micrococcal nuclease digestion assay reveals that nineteen H2A.B-specific residues, including a ROF ("regulating-octamer-folding") sequence of six consecutive residues, are responsible for loosening of H2A.B-NCPs. Unlike H2A.B-NCP, the H2A.Z.2.2-containing nucleosome (Z.2.2-NCP) adopts a less-extended structure and compacts around 125 bp of DNA. Further investigation uncovers a crucial role for the H2A.Z.2.2-specific ROF in both H2A.Z.2.2-NCP opening and SWR1-dependent histone replacement. Taken together, these first high-resolution structure of unstable nucleosomes induced by histone H2A variants elucidate specific functions of H2A.B and H2A.Z.2.2 in enhancing chromatin dynamics.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073511

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique has been regarded as one of the most important research methods in the field of single-molecule science. Since the previous decade, the application of nanoparticles for in vivo SERS imaging becomes the focus of research. To enhance the performance of SERS imaging, researchers have developed several SERS nanotags such as gold nanostars, copper-based nanomaterials, semiconducting quantum dots, and so on. The development of Raman equipment is also necessary owing to the current limitations. This review describes the recent advances of SERS nanoparticles and their applications for in vivo imaging in detail. Specific examples highlighting the in vivo cancer imaging and treatment application of SERS nanoparticles. A perspective on the challenges and opportunities of nanoparticles in SERS in vivo imaging is also provided. This article is categorized under: Diagnostic Tools > in vivo Nanodiagnostics and Imaging Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease.

13.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(4): 531-536, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985168

RESUMO

Clinical trial management system is independently developed by our hospital, which basically realized the whole process management and data collection of clinical trials. Based on the platform, the functional architecture of data remote monitoring and auditing was established. By desensitizing and encrypting of data, the project and subject hologram were visualized to facilitate to review of data. The data remote monitoring and auditing cloud platform adopts the B/S architecture pattern. Users register to apply for an account through the cloud platform, and access to the account via HTTPS security protocol. The authorized users were able to view the relevant items online to ensure the secure data transmission and easy operating. The electronic management of data is the direction of future efforts. By compliance with laws and regulations, the remote monitoring/auditing can be realized, and the data security and personal privacy can be ensured with the application of information technology. In this paper, the feasibility of remote monitoring/auditing mode is explored, specific technical schemes and system functions are suggested, and the realization scenarios are conceived in case of major public health emergencies.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21034, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine (CM) as complementary therapy in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: The following databases will be searched: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Wanfang database from October 1, 2019 to March 1, 2020. Randomized trials and quasi-randomized or prospective controlled clinical trials of CM that reported data on COVID-19 patients will be included. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and assessment of risk bias will be performed by 2 reviewers independently. Odds ratios and correlative 95% confidence intervals will be calculated to present the association between the CM and CWM using Review Manager version 5.3 when there is sufficient available data. RESULTS: The results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed journal publication. CONCLUSION: This systematic review findings will summarize up-to-date evidence for that CM is more effective and safe as adjunctive treatment for patients with COVID-19. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval and patient consent are not required as this study is a systematic review based on published articles. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020185382.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 642, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggested that vaginal microbiome played a functional role in the progression of cervical lesions in female infected by HPV. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of common vaginal infection on the carcinogenicity of high risk HPV (hr-HPV). METHODS: From January 15, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 310,545 female aged at least 30 years old had been recruited for cervical cancer screening from 9 clinical research centers in Central China. All the recruited participants received hr-HPV genotyping for cervical cancer screening and vaginal microenvironment test by a high vaginal swab. Colposcopy-directed biopsy was recommended for female who were infected with HPV 16 and HPV 18, and other positive hr-HPV types through test had undertaken triage using liquid-based cytology, cases with the results ≥ ASCUS among them were referred to colposcopy directly, and cervical tissues were taken for pathology examination to make clear the presence or absence of other cervical lesions. RESULTS: Among 310,545 female, 6067 (1.95%) were tested with positive HPV 16 and HPV 18, 18,297 (5.89%) were tested with other positive hr-HPV genotypes, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1, CIN 2, CIN 3 and invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were detected in 861 cases, 377 cases, 423 cases, and 77 cases, respectively. Candida albicans and Gardnerella were not associated with the detection of cervical lesions. Positive trichomonas vaginitis (TV) was correlated with hr-HPV infection (p < 0.0001). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 1 among female infected with hr-HPV (OR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.42-2.31). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 2-3 among female infected with HPV 16 (OR 1.71, 95% CI: 1.16-2.53). CONCLUSIONS: Co-infection of TV and HPV 16 is a significant factor for the detection of cervical lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/complicações , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Vaginite por Trichomonas/complicações , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Colposcopia , Estudos Transversais , Citodiagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Fatores de Risco , Vaginite por Trichomonas/diagnóstico , Vaginite por Trichomonas/parasitologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
16.
J Hazard Mater ; 399: 123154, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937727

RESUMO

Traditional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) suffers from the limitations of relatively low sensitivity and stability, and enzyme-labelled antibodies are hard to be prepared and purified. Based on a nanozyme, an aptamer and Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNP), a nanozyme and aptamer-based immunosorbent assay (NAISA) was developed for aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) detection with simpler operation and separation. In this work, mesoporous SiO2/Au-Pt (m-SAP) were prepared to act as signal labels, which showed high catalase-like activity and was denoted as nanozyme. Aptamer was adopted to specifically recognize with AFB1, and MNP facilitated to realize magnetic separation. To verify the performance of NAISA, traditional ELISA (t-ELISA) and enhanced ELISA (e-ELISA) using MNP and m-SAP nanozyme were applied in AFB1 detection. The NAISA method showed the lowest limit of detection (LOD) with 5 pg mL-1 (n = 3, ±4.2 %), 600 and 12-fold lower than that of t-ELISA (3 ng mL-1) and e-ELISA (0.06 ng mL-1), respectively. In the interference tests, AFB1 can be identified among six different interfering substances. The NAISA method, thus, can be of great importance as it allows selective and sensitive AFB1 detection, while providing the simplicity of use and need for screening hazardous materials.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(40): 44541-44553, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935973

RESUMO

Biomineralization of biomaterials has shown extraordinary potential in cancer treatment, but the exploration of their in vivo applications is still insufficient. Here, we report a biohybrid microalgae system using a biomineralization approach to improve their biocompatibility, while keeping their living activities for radiation and photodynamic synergistic therapy in breast cancer. The biohybrid algae (Algae@SiO2) synthesized by a one-step biomimetic silicification method could significantly enhance their cytotoxicity and tolerance, improving the living activity in the tumor area. The innate chlorophyll and unique optical property make Algae@SiO2 possess dual imaging ability, namely, photoacoustic imaging and fluorescence imaging. Algae@SiO2 accumulated in tumor sites could generate oxygen in situ by external light-mediated photosynthesis, relieve tumor hypoxia, and then enhance the efficiency of radiation therapy. As a natural photosensitizer, the released chlorophyll from Algae@SiO2 could provide reactive oxygen species to kill the cancer cells for the cascaded photodynamic therapy. The significant suppression of tumor growth in the mice bearing 4T1 tumor successfully demonstrates the promising anti-tumor effect of the Algae@SiO2-mediated synergistic therapy. Our results show that biohybrid algae, integrated with PAI/FI dual imaging, radiosensitization, and cascaded photothermal therapy, is a promising multifunctional efficient biosystem for cancer treatment.

18.
ChemMedChem ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926562

RESUMO

Poly(2-oxazoline)s have excellent biocompatibility and have been used as a FDA-approved indirect food additive. The inert property of the hydrophilic poly(2-oxazoline)s suggests them as promisingsubstitution of PEG in variable applications such as resisting biofouling. Recently, Liu group reported that poly(2-oxazoline)s themselves have antimicrobial properties as synthetic mimics of host defense peptides. These studies revealed the bioactive properties of poly(2-oxazoline)s as a new class of functional peptide mimics, by mimicking host defense peptide to display potent and selective antimicrobial activities against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus both in vitro and in vivo, without concerns on antimicrobial resistance. The high structural diversity, easy synthesis, potent and tunable antimicrobial properties imply great potential of poly(2-oxazoline)s as a class of novel antimicrobial agents in dealing with drug-resistant microbial infections and antimicrobial resistance.

19.
Genomics ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927008

RESUMO

Aging is a very complicated biological process that can change gene expressions. The Chinese rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta lasiota; CR) is closely related to humans. We explored gene expression with increasing age and DNA methylation changes in young and old CRs. Results showed blood transcriptome and DNA methylome significantly changed from young to old CRs. The age-associated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were associated with age-related biological features, such as immunity, blood coagulation, and biosynthetic process. The measurements of coagulation indicators confirmed old CRs had shorter coagulation time than young CRs, and the activities of coagulation factor II (FII) and factor VIII (FVIII) were enhanced in old CRs. Humans and CRs exhibited the same enhanced blood coagulation with age phenotype. Our study found aging is a critical factor affecting gene expression in CRs, and also provided new insights into the blood coagulation changes in non-human primates.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929608

RESUMO

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease characterized by diffuse cystic lesions of the lung. The present study was designed to evaluate the right ventricular (RV) function in LAM patients via single-beat real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE) and to investigate the factors affecting RV function in LAM patients. According to tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV), forty-five female LAM patients [(44.07 ± 10.22) years old] were divided into TRV ≤ 2.8 m/s group (n = 29) and TRV > 2.8 m/s group (n = 16). Relative echocardiography parameters were assessed by conventional transthoracic echocardiography, Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and RT-3DE, respectively. Pulmonary function tests and the six-minute walk tests (SMWT) were also performed for LAM patients. We found that most of RV functional parameters in LAM patients were worse than that in control patients, although left ventricular dysfunction was not significantly observed. Correlation analysis showed that 3D echocardiographic RV ejection fraction (RVEF) was negatively correlated with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), TRV, and the decrease of oxygen saturation (SpO2) post SMWT, and positively correlated with Forced expiratory volume in the first second/forced vital capacity, carbon monoxide diffusion predicted value, SMWT distance, and resting SpO2 in LAM patients. Multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis showed that PVR and SpO2 before SMWT were independent influence factors of RVEF in LAM patients. In this study, we found that RV dysfunction was presented in LAM patients, although left ventricular dysfunction was not significantly obvious. The main influence factors of RVEF were PVR and hypoxia. RT-3DE is a low-cost and noninvasive way to evaluate RV function in LAM patients.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA