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1.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 57: e13389, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716983

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 outbreak, there was a sharp increase in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Acupuncture therapy has the advantages of accurate clinical efficacy, safety and reliability, few adverse reactions, and no dependence, and is gradually becoming one of the emerging therapies for treating GAD. We present a study protocol for a randomized clinical trial with the aim of exploring the mechanism of brain plasticity in patients with GAD and evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of acupuncture treatment. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) will be used to assess cortical excitability in GAD patients and healthy people. Sixty-six GAD patients meeting the inclusion criteria will be randomly divided into two groups: TA group, (treatment with acupuncture and basic western medicine treatment) and SA group (sham acupuncture and basic western medicine treatment). Twenty healthy people will be recruited as the control group (HC). The parameters that will be evaluated are amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs), cortical resting period (CSP), resting motor threshold (RMT), and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score. Secondary results will include blood analysis of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate (Glu), glutamine (Gln), serotonin (5-HT), and brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF). Outcomes will be assessed at baseline and after the intervention (week 8). This study protocol is the first clinical trial designed to detect differences in cerebral cortical excitability between healthy subjects and patients with GAD, and the comparison of clinical efficacy and reliability before and after acupuncture intervention is also one of the main contents of the protocol. We hope to find a suitable non-pharmacological alternative treatment for patients with GAD.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtornos de Ansiedade , COVID-19 , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Humanos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , COVID-19/terapia , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Potencial Evocado Motor/fisiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
2.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 239: 113939, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744077

RESUMO

Chronic infections caused by the pathogenic biofilms on implantable medical devices pose an increasing challenge. To combat long-term biofilm-associated infections, we developed a novel dual-functional polymer coating with antibacterial and antifouling properties. The coating consists of N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP) and 3-(acrylamido)phenylboronic acid (APBA) copolymer brushes, which bind to curcumin (Cur) as antibacterial molecules through acid-responsive boronate ester bonds. In this surface design, the hydrophilic poly (N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) component improved antifouling performance and effectively prevented bacterial adhesion and aggregation during the initial phases. The poly (3-(acrylamido) phenylboronic acid) (PAPBA, abbreviated PB) component provided binding sites for Cur by forming acid-responsive boronate ester bonds. When fewer bacteria overcame the anti-adhesion barrier and colonized, the surface responded to the decreased microenvironmental pH by breaking the boronate ester bonds and releasing curcumin. This responsive mechanism enabled Cur to interfere with biofilm formation and provide a multilayer anti-biofilm protection system. The coating showed excellent antibacterial properties against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, preventing biofilm formation for up to 7 days. The coating also inhibited protein adsorption and platelet adhesion significantly. This coating also exhibited high biocompatibility with animal erythrocytes and pre-osteoblasts. This research offers a promising approach for developing novel smart anti-biofilm coating materials.

3.
J Psycholinguist Res ; 53(3): 46, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744739

RESUMO

Wh-words have been analysed as existential quantifiers (Chierchia in Logic in grammar: polarity, free choice, and intervention. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2013; Fox, in Sauerland U, Stateva P (eds) Presupposition and implicature in compositional semantics (Palgrave studies in pragmatics, language and cognition). Palgrave MacMillan, Houndmills, pp 71-120, 2007; Liao in Alternative and exhaustification: non-interrogative uses of Chinese wh-words. Harvard University, 2010) or universal quantifiers (Nishigauchi, in: Theoretical and applied linguistics at Kobe Shoin 2, Kobe Shoin Institute for Linguistic Sciences, 1999). These two accounts have distinct predictions on how children initially interpret wh-words. The universal account predicts that children should initially interpret wh-words as universal quantifiers, whereas the existential account anticipates that children should start out with the existential interpretation. To adjudicate between the two accounts, the present study was designed to explore pre-schoolers' semantic knowledge of wh-quantification. Specifically, it investigated the interpretation of the wh-word shenme 'what' with 4-and 5-year-old Mandarin-speaking children and a control group of adults. Using a Truth Value Judgment Task (Crain and Thornton in Investigations in universal grammar: a guide to experiments on the acquisition of syntax and semantics. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1998), Experiment 1 evaluated whether children interpret the wh-word shenme 'what' as closer in meaning to the polarity sensitive item renhe 'any' or the universal quantifier suoyou 'all' in the antecedent of ruguo 'if' conditionals. Using a Question-Answer Task, Experiments 2 & 3 respectively investigated whether children interpret shenme 'what' as closer in meaning to renhe 'any' or suoyou 'all' in two types of questions: yes-no questions with the particle ma and A-not-A questions. It was found that both children and adults interpret shenme 'what' as closer in meaning to renhe 'any' than suoyou 'all'. The findings suggest that Mandarin-speaking pre-schoolers already have adult-like semantic knowledge of wh-quantification: wh-words are existential quantifiers rather than universal quantifiers. Due to the paucity of primary linguistic input, children's early mastery of the non-interrogative wh-words appear to support the biolinguistic approach to language acquisition (Chomsky in Aspects of the theory of syntax. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1965; Pinker in Language learnability and language development. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1984; Crain et al. in Language acquisition from a biolinguistic perspective. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.09.004 ).


Assuntos
Semântica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Psicolinguística , Idioma , Adulto Jovem , China
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(19): 11268-11277, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695399

RESUMO

Buttermilk is a potential material for the production of a milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) and can be mainly classified into two types: whole cream buttermilk and cheese whey cream buttermilk (WCB). Due to the high casein micelle content of whole cream buttermilk, the removal of casein micelles to improve the purity of MFGM materials is always required. This study investigated the effects of rennet and acid coagulation on the lipid profile of buttermilk rennet-coagulated whey (BRW) and buttermilk acid-coagulated whey (BAW) and compared them with WCB. BRW has significantly higher phospholipids (PLs) and ganglioside contents than BAW and WCB. The abundance of arachidonic acid (ARA)- and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-structured PLs was higher in WCB, while docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-structured PLs were higher in BRW, indicating that BRW and WCB intake might have a greater effect on improving cardiovascular conditions and neurodevelopment. WCB and BRW had a higher abundance of plasmanyl PL and plasmalogen PL, respectively. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) (28:1), LPE (20:5), and PC (26:0) are characteristic lipids among BRW, BAW, and WCB, and they can be used to distinguish MFGM-enriched whey from different sources.


Assuntos
Leitelho , Queijo , Cabras , Lipidômica , Soro do Leite , Animais , Leitelho/análise , Queijo/análise , Soro do Leite/química , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Leite/química , Gotículas Lipídicas/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Glicoproteínas/análise , Lipídeos/química , Lipídeos/análise
5.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(3): e13368, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720574

RESUMO

Spoilage and deterioration of aquatic products during storage are inevitable, posing significant challenges to their suitability for consumption and the sustainability of the aquatic products supply chain. Research on the nonthermal processing of fruit juices, probiotics, dairy products, and meat has demonstrated positive outcomes in preserving quality. This review examines specific spoilage bacteria species and mechanisms for various aquatic products and discusses the principles, characteristics, and applications of six nonthermal processing methods for bacterial inhibition to maintain microbiological safety and physicochemical quality. The primary spoilage bacteria groups differ among fish, crustaceans, and shellfish based on storage conditions and durations. Four metabolic pathways utilized by spoilage microorganisms-peptides and amino acids, nitrogen compounds, nucleotides, and carbohydrates-are crucial in explaining spoilage. Nonthermal processing techniques, such as ultrahigh pressure, irradiation, magnetic/electric fields, plasma, and ultrasound, can inactivate microorganisms, thereby enhancing microbiological safety, physicochemical quality, and shelf life. Future research may integrate nonthermal processing with other technologies (e.g., modified atmosphere packaging and omics) to elucidate mechanisms of spoilage and improve the storage quality of aquatic products.


Assuntos
Manipulação de Alimentos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Animais , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos , Alimentos Marinhos/microbiologia , Alimentos Marinhos/normas , Bactérias , Frutos do Mar/microbiologia , Frutos do Mar/normas , Laticínios/microbiologia , Laticínios/normas , Probióticos , Peixes/microbiologia
6.
Food Chem ; 451: 139505, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703732

RESUMO

Constructing carrier materials with polysaccharides to enhance the solubility of insoluble active ingredients is a crucial strategy for improving bioavailability. This research constructed pectin-based hesperidin microcapsules (PHM) through self-assembly processes in the deep eutectic solvent, improving the solubility, storage stability, and bioavailability of hesperidin (HES). PHM exhibited high encapsulation efficiency (91.7%) and loading capacity (11.5%), with a small particle size (1.73 µm). The interaction mechanism was clarified through physical characterization and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The vitro release demonstrated that the release ratio of PHM was only 6.4% in simulated gastric fluid (SGF), but reached 80.9% in simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). The release mechanism of PHM in SGF followed Fickian diffusion, while in SIF followed skeleton dissolution diffusion with a stable rate. Furthermore, the cell cytotoxicity experiments confirmed the remarkable biocompatibility of PHM toward human colon cells, which suggested its potential application in food and pharmaceutical fields.

7.
Plant Commun ; : 100934, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689493

RESUMO

In angiosperms, the pollen tube enters the receptive synergid cell, where they rupture to release its cytoplasm along with two sperm cells. Although this interaction is complex, the exact signal transducers that trigger the bursting of pollen tubes are not well understood. In this study, we identify three homologous Receptor-Like Cytoplasmic Kinase (RLCK) expressed in pollen tubes, named Delayed Burst 1/2/3 (DEB1/2/3) in Arabidopsis, which play a crucial role in this process. These genes produce proteins localized on the plasma membrane, and knockout of them causes delayed pollen tube burst and the entrance of additional pollen tubes into the embryo sac due to fertilization recovery. We show that DEBs interact with the Ca2+ pump ACA9, influencing the dynamics of cytoplasmic Ca2+ in pollen tubes through phosphorylation. These results highlight the importance of DEBs as key signal transducers and the critical function of the DEB-ACA9 axis in the timely pollen tube burst in synergids.

8.
J Neuroimmunol ; 391: 578367, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) presents a significant clinical challenge, associated with increased mortality and healthcare expenses. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), involving inhaling pure or highly concentrated oxygen under pressures exceeding one atmosphere, has demonstrated neuroprotective effects in various conditions. However, the precise mechanisms underlying its protective actions against sepsis-associated brain injury remain unclear. This study aimed to determine whether HBOT protects against SAE and to elucidate the impact of the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) signaling pathway on SAE. METHODS: The experiment consisted of two parts. In the first part, C57BL/6 J male mice were divided into five groups using a random number table method: control group, sham surgery group, sepsis group, HBOT + sepsis group, and HBOT + sham surgery group. In the subsequent part, C57BL/6 J male mice were divided into four groups: sepsis group, HBOT + sepsis group, HIF-1α + HBOT + sepsis group, and HIF-1α + sepsis group. Sepsis was induced via cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy was administered at 1 h and 4 h post-CLP. After 24 h, blood and hippocampal tissue were collected for cytokine measurements. HIF-1α, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 expression were assessed via ELISA and western blotting. Microglial expression was determined by immunofluorescence. Blood-brain barrier permeability was quantified using Evans Blue. Barnes maze and fear conditioning were conducted 14 days post-CLP to evaluate learning and memory. RESULTS: Our findings reveal that CLP-induced hippocampus-dependent cognitive deficits coincided with elevated HIF-1α and increased TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels in both blood and hippocampus. Observable activation of microglial cells in the hippocampus and increased blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability were also evident. HBOT mitigated HIF-1α, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels, attenuated microglial activation in the hippocampus, and significantly improved learning and memory deficits in CLP-exposed mice. Additionally, these outcomes were corroborated by injecting a lentivirus that overexpressed HIF-1α into the hippocampal region of the mice. CONCLUSION: HIF-1α escalation induced peripheral and central inflammatory factors, promoting microglial activation, BBB impairment, and cognitive dysfunction. However, HBOT ameliorated these effects by reducing HIF-1α levels in Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736382

RESUMO

Si NWs@C core/shell anodes for lithium-ion batteries were synthesized via a one-step environmental-pressure chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process utilizing nano-silicon and methane as raw materials. In this structure, the silicon nanowire core is obtained by controlling the temperature above 900 °C to catalyze the growth of nano-silicon particles coated with a natural oxide layer according to the oxide-assisted growth (OAG) mechanism, while the carbon as a protective coating shell is derived from methane cracking. In contrast to the conventional nanowire catalytic approach, this method obviates the addition of metal catalysts while ensuring a straightforward and scalable process. This Si NWs@C electrode displayed excellent electrochemical performance, exhibiting high reversible capacity (745.8 mA h g-1) and excellent cycling stability (91.3% after 100 cycles at 0.5 A g-1).

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(8): 6731-6744, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643466

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on chronic and unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depression in mice and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups: Control, CUMS, CUMS+EA-placebo, CUMS+EA, CUMS+ ad-NC, CUMS+ ad-cGAS-shRNA. CUMS was utilized to establish the depression model in mice. The behavioral changes were determined by the forced swimming, open field, and sucrose preference experiments. The pathological changes in the hippocampus tissue were evaluated by HE staining. The release of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, 5-HT, and NE in the hippocampus tissue was determined by ELISA. IBA-1 expression detected by the immunofluorescence was used to represent the activity of microglia. Western blot and RT-PCR were utilized to measure the expression of Bax, bcl-2, cGAS, STING, TBK1, IRF3, and NLRP3. RESULTS: The depression behavior in CUMS mice was significantly alleviated by the treatment of EA and cGAS-shRNA, accompanied by ameliorated hippocampus pathological changes, declined production of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6, elevated secretion of 5-HT and NE, and inhibition on the activity of microglia. Furthermore, significantly elevated expression level of Bax, cGAS, STING, TBK1, IRF3, and NLRP3 and declined expression level of bcl-2 were observed in the CUMS+EA and CUMS+ ad-cGAS-shRNA groups. CONCLUSIONS: EA significantly mitigated the symptom of depression in mice, which was closely associated with the repressed neuroinflammation, increased monoamine concentration, inactivated microglia, and inhibited cGAS-STING-NLRP3 signaling.


Assuntos
Depressão , Eletroacupuntura , Hipocampo , Proteínas de Membrana , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Nucleotidiltransferases , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Depressão/terapia , Depressão/metabolismo , Depressão/etiologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Microglia/metabolismo , Comportamento Animal
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 471: 134393, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669929

RESUMO

Solution pH is one of the primary factors affecting the efficiency of water decontamination. Although the influence of pH on oxidants activation, catalyst activity, and reactive oxygen species have been widely explored, there is still a scarcity of systemic studies on the changes in the oxidation behavior of organic pollutants at different pH levels. Herein, we report the influence laws of pH on the forms, reactivities, active sites, degradation pathways, and products toxicities of organic pollutants. Changes in pH cause the protonation or deprotonation of organic pollutants and further affect their forms and chemistry (e.g., electrostatic force, hydrophobicity, and oxidation potential). The oxidation potential of organic pollutants follows the order: protonated form > pristine form > deprotonated form. Moreover, protonation or deprotonation can modify the active sites and degradation pathways of organic pollutants, wherein deprotonation renders them more susceptible to electrophilic attack, while protonation reduces their activity against electrophilic and nucleophilic attacks. Additionally, pH adjustments can modify the degradation pathway and the toxicity of transformation products. Overall, pH changes can affect the oxidation fate of organic pollutants by altering their structure, which distinguishes it from the effect of pH on oxidants or oxidant activation processes.

12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(8)2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668199

RESUMO

Manipulating plasmonic chirality has shown promising applications in nanophotonics, stereochemistry, chirality sensing, and biomedicine. However, to reconfigure plasmonic chirality, the strategy of constructing chiral plasmonic systems with a tunable morphology is cumbersome and complicated to apply for integrated devices. Here, we present a simple and effective method that can also manipulate chirality and control chiral light-matter interactions only via strong coupling between chiral plasmonic nanoparticles and excitons. This paper presents a chiral plexcitonic system consisting of L-shaped nanorod dimers and achiral molecule excitons. The circular dichroism (CD) spectra in our strong-coupling system can be calculated by finite element method simulations. We found that the formation of the chiral plexcitons can significantly modulate the CD spectra, including the appearance of new hybridized peaks, double Rabi splitting, and bisignate anti-crossing behaviors. This phenomenon can be explained by our extended coupled-mode theory. Moreover, we explored the applications of this method in enantiomer ratio sensing by using the properties of the CD spectra. We found a strong linear dependence of the CD spectra on the enantiomer ratio. Our work provides a facile and efficient method to modulate the chirality of nanosystems, deepens our understanding of chiral plexcitons in nanosystems, and facilitates the development of chiral devices and chiral sensing.

13.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(8)2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668209

RESUMO

Lenses have been a cornerstone of optical systems for centuries; however, they are inherently limited by the laws of physics, particularly in terms of size and weight. Because of their characteristic light weight, small size, and subwavelength modulation, metalenses have the potential to miniaturize and integrate imaging systems. However, metalenses still face the problem that chromatic aberration affects the clarity and accuracy of images. A high-quality image system based on the end-to-end joint optimization of a neural network and an achromatic metalens is demonstrated in this paper. In the multi-scale encoder-decoder network, both the phase characteristics of the metalens and the hyperparameters of the neural network are optimized to obtain high-resolution images. The average peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and average structure similarity (SSIM) of the recovered images reach 28.53 and 0.83. This method enables full-color and high-performance imaging in the visible band. Our approach holds promise for a wide range of applications, including medical imaging, remote sensing, and consumer electronics.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(8)2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38676248

RESUMO

In tunnel boring projects, wear and tear in the tooling system can have significant consequences, such as decreased boring efficiency, heightened maintenance costs, and potential safety hazards. In this paper, a fault diagnosis method for TBM tooling systems based on SAV-SVDD failure location (SSFL) is proposed. The aim of this method is to detect faults caused by disk cutter wear during the boring process, which diminishes the boring efficiency and is challenging to detect during construction. This paper uses SolidWorks to create a complete three-dimensional model of the TBM hydraulic thrust system and tool system. Then, dynamic simulations are performed with Adams. This helps us understand how the load on the propulsion hydraulic cylinder changes as the TBM tunneling tool wears to different degrees during construction. The hydraulic propulsion system was modeled and simulated using AMESIM software. Utilizing the load on the hydraulic propulsion cylinder as an input signal, pressure signals from the two chambers of the hydraulic cylinder and the system's flow signal were acquired. This enabled an in-depth exploration of the correlation between these acquired signals and the extent of the tooling system failure. Following this analysis, a collection of normal sample data and sample data representing different degrees of disk cutter abrasions was amassed for further study. Next, an SSFL network model for locating the failure area of the cutter was established. Fault sample data were used as the input, and the accuracy of the fault diagnosis model was tested. The test results show that the performance of the SSFL network model is better than that of the SAE-SVM and SVDD network models. The SSFL model achieves 90% accuracy in determining the failure area of the cutter head. The model effectively identifies the failure regions, enabling timely tool replacement to avoid decreased boring efficiency under wear conditions. The experimental findings validate the feasibility of this approach.

15.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1369046, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606111

RESUMO

Primary sarcomas of the jaw are very rare tumor with unclear mechanism of tumorigenesis. Identification of genetic alterations contributes to better understanding of tumorigenesis and extension of tumor spectrum, as well as potential therapeutic targets application. Herein, we firstly report a case of primary sarcoma in the mandible with novel SLMAP-BRAF fusion. Morphologically, the tumor was composed of histiocyte-like cells, larger epithelioid cells, spindle cells and osteoclast-like giant cells with moderate atypia. Focally, it mimicked tenosynovial giant cell tumor or biphasic synovial sarcoma, and even giant cell tumor of bone. SATB2 was diffusely expressed, while p63 and p16 were locally positive with loss expression of p16 in histiocyte-like and larger epithelioid cells. SLMAP-BRAF (S11:B10) fusion was detected by both DNA and RNA NGS, and further verified by sanger sequencing, DNA electrophoresis and FISH. Then a descriptive diagnosis of BRAF rearrangement sarcoma with moderate-grade malignancy (non-specific type) was given according to the biological behavior, morphological features and gene alteration. The patient finished six cycles of chemotherapy after hemimaxillectomy. Within 7 months of follow-up, no tumor recurrence or metastasis was observed. Our case has enriched the spectrum of jaw bone tumor and BRAF rearrangement tumor.

16.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612337

RESUMO

The need for sufficient reference population data poses a significant challenge in breeding programs aimed at improving pig farming on a small to medium scale. To overcome this hurdle, investigating the advantages of combing reference populations of varying sizes is crucial for enhancing the accuracy of the genomic estimated breeding value (GEBV). Genomic selection (GS) in populations with limited reference data can be optimized by combining populations of the same breed or related breeds. This study focused on understanding the effect of combing different reference group sizes on the accuracy of GS for determining the growth effectiveness and percentage of lean meat in Yorkshire pigs. Specifically, our study investigated two important traits: the age at 100 kg live weight (AGE100) and the backfat thickness at 100 kg live weight (BF100). This research assessed the efficiency of genomic prediction (GP) using different GEBV models across three Yorkshire populations with varying genetic backgrounds. The GeneSeek 50K GGP porcine high-density array was used for genotyping. A total of 2295 Yorkshire pigs were included, representing three Yorkshire pig populations with different genetic backgrounds-295 from Danish (small) lines from Huaibei City, Anhui Province, 500 from Canadian (medium) lines from Lixin County, Anhui Province, and 1500 from American (large) lines from Shanghai. To evaluate the impact of different population combination scenarios on the GS accuracy, three approaches were explored: (1) combining all three populations for prediction, (2) combining two populations to predict the third, and (3) predicting each population independently. Five GEBV models, including three Bayesian models (BayesA, BayesB, and BayesC), the genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP) model, and single-step GBLUP (ssGBLUP) were implemented through 20 repetitions of five-fold cross-validation (CV). The results indicate that predicting one target population using the other two populations yielded the highest accuracy, providing a novel approach for improving the genomic selection accuracy in Yorkshire pigs. In this study, it was found that using different populations of the same breed to predict small- and medium-sized herds might be effective in improving the GEBV. This investigation highlights the significance of incorporating population combinations in genetic models for predicting the breeding value, particularly for pig farmers confronted with resource limitations.

17.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(11): 1990-1995, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When an anorectal foreign body is found, its composition and shape should be evaluated, and a timely and effective treatment plan should be developed based on the patient's symptoms to avoid serious complications such as intestinal perforation caused by displacement of the foreign body. CASE SUMMARY: A 54-year-old male was admitted to our outpatient clinic on June 3, 2023, due to a rectal foreign body that had been embedded for more than 24 h. The patient reported using a glass electrode tube to assist in the recovery of prolapsed hemorrhoids, however, the electrode tube was inadvertently inserted into the anus and could not be removed by the patient. During hospitalization, the patient underwent surgery, and the foreign body was dragged into the rectum with the aid of colonoscopy. The anus was dilated with a comb-type pulling hook and an anal fistula pulling hook to widen the anus and remove the foreign body, and the local anal symptoms were then relieved with topical drugs. The patient was allowed to eat and drink, and an entire abdominal Computed tomography (CT) and colonoscopy were reviewed 3 d after surgery. CT revealed no foreign body residue and colonoscopy showed no metal or other residues in the colon and rectum, and no apparent intestinal tract damage. CONCLUSION: The timeliness and rationality of the surgical and therapeutic options for this patient were based on a literature review of the clinical signs and conceivable conditions in such cases. The type, material and the potential risks of rectal foreign bodies should be considered.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(16): e37848, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of fire acupuncture (FA) on plaque psoriasis (PP), exploring its suitable syndrome types, in order to achieve better therapeutic effects, accelerate the possibility of psoriasis skin lesion recovery, and provide assistance for clinical treatment. METHODS: A total of 8 patients with PP aged between 18 and 60 years were recruited and treated with FA once a week, and the lesion area and severity index (PASI), visual analog scale and pruritus were measured before, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after treatment and at the follow-up period (week 12), respectively. Visual analog scale, and dermoscopy were used for assessment. RESULTS: All patients showed improvement in pruritus after 1 FA treatment, and lesions were reduced to varying degrees after 2 weeks. Except for patients 5 and 8, who only achieved effective results due to severe disease, all other patients with psoriasis achieved significant results at 8 weeks after treatment. CONCLUSION: FA can significantly control the development of lesions, reduce the symptoms of PP lesions and pruritus, and help prevent psoriasis recurrence.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Psoríase , Humanos , Lactente , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Prurido/etiologia , Prurido/terapia , Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Método Duplo-Cego
19.
Cancer Lett ; : 216875, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643837

RESUMO

Mesenchymal glioma stem cells (MES GSCs) are a subpopulation of cells in glioblastoma (GBM) that contribute to a worse prognosis owing to their highly aggressive nature and resistance to radiation therapy. Here, OCT4 is characterized as a criticial factor in sustaining the stemness phenotype of MES GSC. We find that OCT4 is expressed intensively in MES GSC and is intimately associated with poor prognosis, moreover, OCT4 depletion leads to diminished invasive capacity and impairment of the stem phenotype in MES GSC. Subsequently, we demonstrated that USP5 is a deubiquitinating enzyme which directly interacts with OCT4 and preserves OCT4 stability through its deubiquitination. USP5 was additionally proven to be aberrantly over-expressed in MES GSCs, and its depletion resulted in a noticeable diminution of OCT4 and consequently a reduced self-renewal and tumorigenic capacity of MES GSCs, which can be substantially restored by ectopic expression of OCT4. In addition, we detected the dominant molecule that regulates USP5 transcription, E2F1, with dual luciferase reporter gene analysis. In combination, targeting the E2F1-USP5-OCT4 axis is a potentially emerging strategy for the therapy of GBM.

20.
Water Res ; 255: 121486, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564895

RESUMO

This study used a simple mechanical ball milling strategy to significantly improve the ability of Mn2O3 to activate peracetic acid (PAA) for sustainable and efficient degradation of organic micropollutant (like bisphenol A, BPA). BPA was successfully removed and detoxified via PAA activation by the bm-Mn2O3 within 30 min under neutral environment, with the BPA degradation kinetic rate improved by 3.4 times. Satisfactory BPA removal efficiency can still be achieved over a wide pH range, in actual water and after reuse of bm-Mn2O3 for four cycles. The change in hydrophilicity of Mn2O3 after ball milling evidently elevated the affinity of Mn2O3 for binding to PAA, while the reduction in particle size exposed more active sites contributing partially to catalytic oxidation. Further analysis revealed that BPA oxidation in the ball mill-treated Mn2O3 (bm-Mn2O3)/PAA process mainly depends on the bm-Mn2O3-PAA complex (i.e., Mn(III)-OO(O)CCH3) mediated non-radical pathway rather than R-O• and Mn(IV). Especially, the existence of the Mn(III)-PAA complex was definitely verified by in situ Raman spectroscopy and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Simultaneously, density functional theory calculations determined that PAA adsorbs readily on manganese sites thereby favoring the formation of Mn(III)-OO(O)CCH3 complexes. This study advances an in-depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved in the manganese oxide-catalyzed activation of PAA for superior non-radical oxidation of micropollutants.

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