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1.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 2746-2765, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297796

RESUMO

In this paper, we investigate the optical nondegenerate solitons in a birefringent fiber with a 35 degree elliptical angle. We derive the nondegenerate bright one- and two-soliton solutions by solving the coupled Schrödinger equation. The formation of nondegenerate solitons is related to the wave numbers of the solitons, and we further demonstrate that it is caused by the incoherent addition of different components. We note that the interaction between two degenerate solitons or a nondegenerate soliton and a degenerate soliton is usually inelastic. This is led to the incoherent interaction between solitons of different components and the coherent interaction between solitons of the same component. Through the asymptotic analysis, we find that the two degenerate solitons are elastic interactions under certain conditions, and analyzed the influence of the Kerr nonlinear intensity coefficient γ and the second-order group velocity dispersion ß2 in this system on solitons: the velocity and amplitude of the solitons are proportional to |ß2|, while the amplitude of the solitons is inversely proportional to γ. Two nondegenerate solitons are elastic interactions, but the phase of the soliton can be adjusted to make it inelastic. Furthermore, regardless of the situation mentioned above, total intensities of the solitons before the interaction are equal to that after the soliton interaction.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202400985, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353140

RESUMO

Introducing continuous mesochannels into covalent organic frameworks (COFs) to increase the accessibility of their inner active sites has remained a major challenge. Here, we report the synthesis of COFs with an ordered bicontinuous mesostructure, via a block copolymer self-assembly-guided nanocasting strategy. Three different mesostructured COFs are synthesized, including two covalent triazine frameworks and one vinylene-linked COF. The new materials are endowed with a hierarchical meso/microporous architecture, in which the mesochannels exhibit an ordered shifted double diamond (SDD) topology. The hierarchically porous structure can enable efficient hole-electron separation and smooth mass transport to the deep internal of the COFs and consequently high accessibility of their active catalytic sites. Benefiting from this hierarchical structure, these COFs exhibit excellent performance in visible-light-driven catalytic NO removal with a high conversion percentage of up to 51.4%, placing them one of the top reported NO-elimination photocatalysts. This study represents the first case of introducing a bicontinuous structure into COFs, which opens a new avenue for the synthesis of hierarchically porous COFs and for increasing the utilization degree of their internal active sites.

4.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(2): 94, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) can penetrate blood-brain barrier and are effective for brain metastases (BMs). There is no consensus on the optimal sequence of local therapy (LT) and EGFR-TKIs for symptomatic BM patients because patients suffering neurological symptoms were not enrolled in most clinical trials. METHODS: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR mutation (EGFRm) and symptomatic BM receiving first-line osimertinib and aumolertinib from two medical centers were collected. All participants were allocated into the third-generation EGFR-TKIs (TKIs) group and the upfront LT (uLT) plus third-generation EGFR-TKIs (TKIs + uLT) group. Demographic data, survival outcomes, treatment failure patterns, and adverse events were evaluated between the two groups. We also conducted subgroup analyses to explore the impact of BM number on survival outcomes. RESULTS: 86 patients were enrolled, 44 in the TKIs group and 42 in the TKIs + uLT group. There were no significant differences in the short-term response between the groups. TKIs + uLT was associated with significantly longer overall survival (OS) (43 vs. 28 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.36, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.17-0.77; p = .011). No differences in progression-free survival (PFS), intracranial PFS (iPFS), failure patterns, or safety were observed. In subgroup analyses of oligo-BM patients, TKIs + uLT could prolong OS (43 vs. 31 months; HR 0.22; 95% CI 0.05-0.92; p = .015). CONCLUSIONS: EGFRm NSCLC patients with symptomatic BM might benefit from uLT, particularly oligo-BM patients. However, larger prospective cohort studies should be carried out to confirm the responses of the TKIs + uLT scheme.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mutação
5.
Cancer Med ; 13(3): e7016, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400675

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aimed to retrospectively identify the prognostic factors of surgically treated primary tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) cases and assess the benefits of surgical neck lymph node dissection (LND) in early-stage cancer. METHODS: Patients with primary TSCC with pT1-2N0-1M0 stage without distant metastasis who were treated with surgery during 2014-2016 at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were included. Univariate and multivariate Cox models were constructed to explore prognostic factors of overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS). Sub-group analysis was used to assess the effect of adjuvant therapy and the prognostic value of LND for the early-stage patients. RESULTS: In total, 440 patients met the inclusion criteria. During the follow-up period, the 5-year OS, DFS, were 84.4% and 70.0%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that TNM stage, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), and/or perineural invasion (PNI), pathological differentiation, etc. were significant predictors of OS and DFS. Multivariate analysis showed that TNM stage and the degree of pathological differentiation were independent prognostic factors for all outcomes. Besides, the number of cervical LND could independently predict both DFS and LRFS while LVI/PNI were associated with DFS. And high-quality neck LND (≥30) significantly improved DFS and LRFS for patients of pT1cN0M0 or stage I as compared to those without LND. CONCLUSIONS: TNM stage and pathological differentiation were crucial prognostic factors for postoperative patients with TSCC. Notably, high-quality cervical LND was beneficial for the improvement of DFS and LRFS for patients of pT1cN0M0 or stage I.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias da Língua , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Língua
6.
Inflammation ; 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401019

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is considered one of the major pathogenic mechanisms of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC). Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4), a key regulator of mitochondrial metabolism, is essential for maintaining mitochondrial function. However, its specific role in SIC remains unclear. To investigate this, we established an in vitro model of septic cardiomyopathy using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced H9C2 cardiomyocytes. Our study revealed a significant increase in PDK4 expression in LPS-treated H9C2 cardiomyocytes. Inhibiting PDK4 with dichloroacetic acid (DCA) improved cell survival, reduced intracellular lipid accumulation and calcium overload, and restored mitochondrial structure and respiratory capacity while decreasing lactate accumulation. Similarly, Oxamate, a lactate dehydrogenase inhibitor, exhibited similar effects to DCA in LPS-treated H9C2 cardiomyocytes. To further validate whether PDK4 causes cardiomyocyte and mitochondrial damage in SIC by promoting lactate production, we upregulated PDK4 expression using PDK4-overexpressing lentivirus in H9C2 cardiomyocytes. This resulted in elevated lactate levels, impaired mitochondrial structure, and reduced mitochondrial respiratory capacity. However, inhibiting lactate production reversed the mitochondrial dysfunction caused by PDK4 upregulation. In conclusion, our study highlights the pathogenic role of PDK4 in LPS-induced cardiomyocyte and mitochondrial damage by promoting lactate production. Therefore, targeting PDK4 and its downstream product lactate may serve as promising therapeutic approaches for treating SIC.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 32(1): 146-154, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of pre-transplant controlling nutritional status (CONUT) and post-transplant minimal residual disease (MRD) on prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT). METHODS: The clinical data of 79 patients who received auto-HSCT from 2011 to 2020 in The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into Low-CONUT group (n=62) and High-CONUT group (n=17) according to whether the CONUT score was less than 5. The differences in clinical features, hematopoietic reconstruction, adverse reactions, efficacy and survival between the two groups were compared. In addition, the prognostic risk factors were analyzed and verified by time-dependent ROC curve. RESULTS: The proportions of male patients and bone marrow plasma cells>30% at initial diagnosis in High-CONUT group were both higher than those in Low-CONUT group (both P <0.05). While, there were no significant differences in hematopoietic reconstruction and adverse reactions (>grade 2) between the two groups. The complete response (CR) rate and CR+very good partial response (VGPR) rate before transplantation in Low-CONUT group were both significantly higher than those in High-CONUT group (both P <0.05). After 3 months of transplantation, the CR+VGPR rate still remained an advantage in Low-CONUT group compared with High-CONUT group (P <0.01), but CR rate did not(P >0.05). The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in Low-CONUT group were both superior to those in High-CONUT group (both P <0.05). Low CONUT score (0-4) before transplantation and negative MRD at 6 months after transplantation were favorable factors affecting OS and PFS (both P <0.05), while the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) high-risk at initial diagnosis and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level>250 U/L before transplantation were only risk factors for PFS (both P <0.05). Time-dependent ROC curve analysis showed that pre-transplant CONUT score and MRD status at 6 months after transplantation could independently or jointly predict 1- and 2-year OS and PFS, and the combined prediction was more effective. CONCLUSION: The combination of pre-transplant CONUT and post-transplant MRD can better predict the prognosis of MM patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Masculino , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Transplante Autólogo
8.
J Cell Biochem ; 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372014

RESUMO

The circadian clock controls the expression of a large proportion of protein-coding genes in mammals and can modulate a wide range of physiological processes. Recent studies have demonstrated that disruption or dysregulation of the circadian clock is involved in the development and progression of several diseases, including cancer. The cell cycle is considered to be the fundamental process related to cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that the circadian clock can control the expression of a large number of genes related to the cell cycle. This article reviews the mechanism of cell cycle-related genes whose chromatin regulatory elements are rhythmically occupied by core circadian clock transcription factors, while their RNAs are rhythmically expressed. This article further reviews the identified oscillatory cell cycle-related genes in higher organisms such as baboons and humans. The potential functions of these identified genes in regulating cell cycle progression are also discussed. Understanding how the molecular clock controls the expression of cell cycle genes will be beneficial for combating and treating cancer.

9.
J Affect Disord ; 351: 956-961, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explores the causal relationship between diabetes and depression using a two-sample Mendelian Randomization (TSMR) method. METHODS: The study selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) closely associated with diabetes and depression in European populations from the Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) database, to serve as instrumental variables (IVs). The main evaluation method was inverse variance weighted analysis (IVW), supplemented by verification using Weighted median, Weighted mode, and MR Egger methods. The Odds Ratio (OR) and 95 % Confidence Interval (CI) were used as the main evaluation indicators, along with sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: This study found a negative correlation between diabetes and depression, suggesting that diabetes may reduce the risk of depression [IVW(FE): OR: 0.901, 95 % CI: 0.823 to 0.987; P = 0.025 < 0.05]. This finding was further confirmed by the Weighted median [OR: 0.844, 95 % CI: 0.730 to 0.974; P = 0.021 < 0.05] and Weighted mode method [OR: 0.766, 95 % CI: 0.637 to 0.921; P = 0.006 < 0.05]. However, the reverse showed no causal relationship between depression and diabetes (P > 0.05). Sensitivity analysis found no pleiotropy, and there were no large influences from individual SNPs on the result's robustness; the results are stable and reliable. CONCLUSION: For the first time, this study using TSMR analysis found a negative correlation between diabetes and the risk of depression onset in European populations, suggesting that diabetes might reduce the risk of depression. But as the mechanisms are still unclear, these findings warrant further study.


Assuntos
Depressão , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , Análise de Variância
10.
Cancer Cell ; 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38242125

RESUMO

The AJCC/UICC TNM classification describes anatomic extent of tumor progression and guides treatment decisions. Our comprehensive analysis of 8,834 newly diagnosed patients with non-metastatic Epstein-Barr virus related nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from six Chinese centers indicates certain limitations in the current staging system. The 8th edition of the AJCC/UICC TNM classification inadequately differentiates patient outcomes, particularly between T2 and T3 categories and within the N classification. We propose reclassifying cases of T3 NPC with early skull-base invasion as T2, and elevating N1-N2 cases with grade 3 image-identified extranodal extension (ENE) to N3. Additionally, we suggest combining T2N0 with T1N0 into a single stage IA. For de novo metastatic (M1) NPC, we propose subdivisions of M1a, defined by 1-3 metastatic lesions without liver involvement, and M1b, characterized by >3 metastatic lesions or liver involvement. This proposal better reflects responses of NPC patients to the up-to-date treatments and their evolving risk profiles.

11.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38165463

RESUMO

This study investigated the changes in brain gray and white matter structure in SMA patients and their correlation with the severity of the disease. A total of 43 SMA patients (including 22 type II and 21 type III SMA patients) and 37 healthy controls were evaluated by MRI. The gray matter volume, gray matter thickness, gray matter surface area, and white matter volume of designated brain regions automatically segmented by FreeSurfer, were compared. We evaluate clinical characteristics of SMA and study the correlation between clinical characteristics and structural changes. SMA showed significant bilateral cortical superficial area loss in the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes and global white matter volume decreases. Moreover, these patients were also found with an increased mean thickness of entire brain and right gray matter. An increased right postcentral gyrus superficial area, right central sulcus volume, and white matter volume of the right postcentral were associated with higher HFMSE scores. CONCLUSION: Type 2 and 3 children SMA had extensive, multifocal, symmetrical gray and white matter alterations. Postcentral gyrus degeneration of SMA was associated with the severity of muscular atrophy. The lack of SMN protein possibly interacted with cerebellar structural changes in somatosensory areas. WHAT IS KNOWN: • MRI has found brain changes in SMA patients, however, there is no unified conclusion and lack of correlation with clinical degree in children SMA with type 2-3. WHAT IS NEW: • Type II and II children SMA had extensive, multifocal, symmetrical gray and white matter alterations. Postcentral gyrus degeneration of SMA was associated with the severity of muscular atrophy. Cerebellar structural changes in somatosensory areas may attribute to the lack of SMN protein.

12.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(2): 569-584, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169625

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Mitochondrial dysfunction in renal tubules, occurring early in the disease, is linked to the development of DKD, although the underlying pathways remain unclear. Here, we examine diabetic human and mouse kidneys, and HK-2 cells exposed to high glucose, to show that high glucose disrupts mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membrane (MAM) and causes mitochondrial fragmentation. We find that high glucose conditions increase mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1), a member of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway, which in turn lowers the level of phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 2 (PACS-2), a key component of MAM that tethers mitochondria to the ER. MAPK1-induced disruption of MAM leads to mitochondrial fragmentation but this can be rescued in HK-2 cells by increasing PACS-2 levels. Functional studies in diabetic mice show that inhibition of MAPK1 increases PACS-2 and protects against the loss of MAM and the mitochondrial fragmentation. Taken together, these results identify the MAPK1-PACS-2 axis as a key pathway to therapeutically target as well as provide new insights into the pathogenesis of DKD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Doenças Mitocondriais , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno , Glucose
13.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(2): 85, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38274340

RESUMO

The present study described the case of a 22-year-old woman who had symptoms of left chest pain for >6 months, with further aggravation over 2 days. Computed tomography (CT) images of the mediastinal and pulmonary windows showed low-density shadows in the left ventricle. Echocardiography indicated a slightly stronger echo cluster in the left ventricle, with a range of ~29x30x35 mm, which was closely related to the lower wall and part of the posterior wall of the left ventricle. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound showed that the left ventricular mass was enhanced in a circular and dot-line shape, with a solid mass occupying the left ventricle and a rich blood supply. CT angiography revealed a nodule of size 27x27x24 mm in the left ventricle. During the operation, it was observed that the cardiac lipoma invaded the chordae tendinae and papillary muscle, and a valve replacement was performed. Postoperative examination revealed a piece of gray and anaplastic tissue, measuring 30x22x17 mm. The pathology of the specimen showed that the morphology of the left ventricular mass met the criteria of an intramuscular lipoma. The present study reported a cardiac lipoma involving the left anterior chordae tendinae and papillary muscle, with the patient showing only nonspecific symptoms. Early surgery should be applied to improve the prognosis of cardiac lipoma.

14.
Chemistry ; : e202400084, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228507

RESUMO

Secondary metabolites that have the same biological origin must share some relationship in their biosynthesis. Exploring this relationship has always been a significant task for synthetic biologists. However, from the perspective of synthetic chemists, it is equally important to propose, prove, or refute potential biosynthetic pathways in order to elucidate and understand the biosynthesis of homologous secondary metabolites. In this study, driven by the high structural similarity between the homologous Ganoderma meroterpenoids cochlearol B and ganocin B, two chemically synthetic strategies were designed and investigated sequentially for the synthesis of cochlearol B from ganocin B. These strategies include intramolecular metal-catalyzed hydrogen atom transfer (MHAT) and intramolecular photochemical [2+2] cycloaddition. The aim was to reveal their potential biosynthetic conversion relationship using chemical synthesis methods. As a result, a highly efficient total synthesis of cochlearol B, cochlearol T, cochlearol F, as well as the formal total synthesis of ganocins A-B, and ganocochlearins C-D, has been achieved. Additionally, a novel synthetic approach for the synthesis of 6,6-disubstituted 6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran and its analogues has been developed through palladium(II)-catalyzed Wacker-type/cross-coupling cascade reactions.

15.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of performing procedural interventions, defined as surgical resection, tumor ablation, or targeted radiation therapy, for oligoprogressive disease among patients with gynecologic malignancies who are treated with immune checkpoint blockade. METHODS: Patients with gynecologic cancers treated with immune checkpoint blockade between January 2013 and October 2021 who underwent procedural interventions including surgical resection, interventional radiology ablation, or radiation therapy for oligoprogressive disease were identified. Procedures performed before immune checkpoint therapy initiation or ≥6 months after therapy completion were excluded. Long immunotherapy duration prior to intervention was defined as ≥6 months. Progression-free survival and overall survival were calculated from procedure date until disease progression or death, respectively. RESULTS: During the study period, 886 patients met inclusion criteria and received immune checkpoint blockade therapy. Of these, 34 patients underwent procedural interventions for oligoprogressive disease; 7 underwent surgical resection, 3 underwent interventional radiology ablation, and 24 underwent radiation therapy interventions. Primary disease sites included uterus (71%), ovary (24%), and cervix (6%). Sites of oligoprogression included abdomen/pelvis (26%), bone (21%), lung (18%), distant lymph node (18%), brain (9%), liver (6%), and vagina (3%). Most tumors (76%) did not exhibit microsatellite instability or mismatch repair deficiency. Approximately half (53%) of the patients had long immune checkpoint therapy duration prior to intervention. Median progression-free survival following the procedure was 5.3 months (95% CI, 3.1-9.9), and median overall survival was 21.7 months (95% CI, 14.9-not estimable). Long versus short immune checkpoint therapy duration prior to procedure and length of immune checkpoint therapy had no effect on progression-free or overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Procedural interventions for patients with oligoprogression on immune checkpoint blockade therapy are feasible and demonstrate favorable outcomes. With expanding use of immune checkpoint therapy, it is important to investigate combined modalities to maximize therapeutic benefit for patients with gynecologic cancers.

16.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(2): 50, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286865

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aims to harness the value of radiomics models combining intratumoral and peritumoral features obtained from pretreatment CT to predict treatment response as well as the survival of LA-NPC(locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma) patients receiving multiple types of induction chemotherapies, including immunotherapy and targeted therapy. METHODS: 276 LA-NPC patients (221 in the training and 55 in the testing cohort) were retrospectively enrolled. Various statistical analyses and feature selection techniques were applied to identify the most relevant radiomics features. Multiple machine learning models were trained and compared to build signatures for the intratumoral and each peritumoral region, along with a clinical signature. The performance of each model was evaluated using different metrics. Subsequently, a nomogram model was constructed by combining the best-performing radiomics and clinical models. RESULTS: In the testing cohort, the nomogram model exhibited an AUC of 0.816, outperforming the other models. The nomogram model's calibration curve showed good agreement between predicted and observed outcomes in both the training and testing sets. When predicting survival, the model's concordance index (C-index) was 0.888 in the training cohort and 0.899 in the testing cohort, indicating its robust predictive ability. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the combined nomogram model, incorporating radiomics and clinical features, outperformed other models in predicting treatment response and survival outcomes for LA-NPC patients receiving induction chemotherapies. These findings highlight the potential clinical utility of the model, suggesting its value in individualized treatment planning and decision-making.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia de Indução , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
EMBO Rep ; 25(2): 646-671, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38177922

RESUMO

The dorsoventral gradient of BMP signaling plays an essential role in embryonic patterning. Zinc Finger SWIM-Type Containing 4 (zswim4) is expressed in the Spemann-Mangold organizer at the onset of Xenopus gastrulation and is then enriched in the developing neuroectoderm at the mid-gastrula stages. Knockdown or knockout of zswim4 causes ventralization. Overexpression of zswim4 decreases, whereas knockdown of zswim4 increases the expression levels of ventrolateral mesoderm marker genes. Mechanistically, ZSWIM4 attenuates the BMP signal by reducing the protein stability of SMAD1 in the nucleus. Stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) identifies Elongin B (ELOB) and Elongin C (ELOC) as the interaction partners of ZSWIM4. Accordingly, ZSWIM4 forms a complex with the Cul2-RING ubiquitin ligase and ELOB and ELOC, promoting the ubiquitination and degradation of SMAD1 in the nucleus. Our study identifies a novel mechanism that restricts BMP signaling in the nucleus.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas , Proteínas de Transporte , Animais , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/genética , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Organizadores Embrionários/metabolismo , Xenopus laevis/metabolismo , Padronização Corporal/fisiologia , Proteínas de Xenopus/genética , Proteínas de Xenopus/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 395: 130318, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219924

RESUMO

Quorum sensing potentially helps microorganisms adapt to antibiotic stress encountered in the environment. This experiment investigated the effect of acyl homoserine endolipid-like signaling molecules on microbial antibiotic resistance gene structures in aqueous sediments under florfenicol stress. Additional acyl homoserine endolipid-like signaling molecules (AHLs) alter the structure of multidrug resistance genes in florfenicol-stressed sediments, particularly the multidrug resistance efflux pump gene family. Prophages and integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs) determined the resistance genes structure, and pathways related to mobile genetic elements (MGEs) transfer may play an essential role in this process. The practical application of AHLs to regulate quorum sensing systems may alter bacterial stress responses to environmental florfenicol residues, thereby reducing the development of antibiotic resistance in the environment.


Assuntos
Homosserina , Tianfenicol , Tianfenicol/análogos & derivados , Homosserina/metabolismo , Tianfenicol/farmacologia , Percepção de Quorum/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Acil-Butirolactonas/metabolismo
19.
Gynecol Oncol ; 182: 75-81, 2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: HER2 overexpression is associated with decreased overall survival in metastatic endometrial cancer. Trastuzumab with chemotherapy has demonstrated efficacy for first-line management of advanced HER2+ endometrial carcinoma, but HER2-directed therapy in the recurrent setting is limited. Zanidatamab (ZW25), a humanized, bispecific antibody that simultaneously binds the 2 distinct HER2 epitopes bound by trastuzumab and pertuzumab, has demonstrated safety and activity in HER2+ tumors. Here, we report the results of a phase 2, open-label study evaluating the efficacy and safety of zanidatamab in patients with HER2+ metastatic endometrial carcinoma/carcinosarcoma who received prior treatment. METHODS: We enrolled 16 patients with HER2+ endometrial carcinoma/carcinosarcoma after progression on ≤2 lines of therapy on a single-arm phase 2 study of zanidatamab. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR; complete or partial response) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1. HER2 immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed on pretreatment samples. Intratumor HER2 genetic heterogeneity was assessed. RESULTS: This study did not meet its primary efficacy endpoint. Although a clinical benefit rate of 37.5% was observed by 24 weeks, only 1 patient achieved a partial response (ORR, 6.2%). Eight patients had HER2 intratumor heterogeneity or lacked HER2 amplification by FISH. Decreased HER2 expression on repeat pretreatment samples was observed in 3 (75%) of 4 patients evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a low response rate to zanidatamab in recurrent HER2+ endometrial carcinoma/carcinosarcoma, which may be driven by downregulation of HER2 expression. Repeat HER2 testing should be considered prior to second-line HER2-directed therapy. CLINICALTRIALS: govidentifier: NCT04513665.

20.
Kidney Int ; 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296028

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but its mechanism of onset remains unclear. Since impaired mitophagy has been implicated in multiple organs in SLE, we hypothesized that mitophagy dysfunction is critical in the development of LN and that pharmacologically targeting mitophagy would ameliorate this disease. Therefore, lupus-prone MRL/MpJ-Faslpr (MRL/lpr) and NZBWF1/J mice were treated with a novel mitophagy inducer, UMI-77, during their onset of LN. This treatment effectively mitigated kidney inflammation and damage as assessed by histology and flow cytometry. Furthermore, dendritic cell (DC)-T-cell coculture assay indicated that UMI-77 treatment attenuated DC function that would drive T-cell proliferation but did not directly influence the potent T-cell proliferation in lupus mice. UMI-77 also restored mitochondrial function and attenuated proinflammatory phenotypes in lupus DCs. Adoptive transfer of DCs from MRL/lpr mice augmented serum anti-dsDNA IgG, urine protein and T-cell infiltration of the kidney in MRL/MpJ mice, which could be prevented by either treating lupus donors in vivo or lupus DCs directly with UMI-77. UMI-77 also restored mitochondrial function in myeloid cells from patients with LN in vitro as evidenced by increased ATP levels. Thus, enhancing mitophagy in SLE restrains autoimmunity and limits kidney inflammation for LN development. Hence, our findings suggest targeting mitophagy as a tangible pathway to treat LN.

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