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1.
Phys Med Biol ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In current clinical practice for quality assurance (QA), intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) fields are verified by measuring planar dose distributions at one or a few selected depths in a phantom. A QA device that measures full 3D dose distributions at high spatiotemporal resolution would be highly beneficial for existing as well as emerging proton therapy techniques such as FLASH radiotherapy. Our objective is to demonstrate feasibility of 3D dose measurement for IMPT fields using a dedicated multi-layer strip ionization chamber (MLSIC) device. Approach: Our developed MLSIC comprises a total of 66 layers of strip ion chamber (IC) plates arranged, alternatively, in the x and y direction. The first two layers each has 128 channels in 2 mm spacing, and the following 64 layers each has 32 channels in 8 mm spacing which are interconnected every nine channels. A total of 768-channel IC signals are integrated and sampled at a speed of 6 kfps. The MLSIC has a total of 19.2 cm water equivalent thickness and is capable of measurement over a 25 × 25 cm2 field size. A reconstruction algorithm is developed to reconstruct 3D dose distribution for each spot at all depths by considering a double-Gaussian-Cauchy-Lorentz model. The 3D dose distribution of each beam is obtained by summing all spots. The performance of our MLSIC is evaluated for a clinical pencil beam scanning (PBS) plan. Main results: The dose distributions for each proton spot can be successfully reconstructed from the ionization current measurement of the strip ICs at different depths, which can be further summed up to a 3D dose distribution for the beam. 3D Gamma Index analysis indicates excellent agreement between the measured and calculated dose distributions. Significance: The dedicated MLSIC is the first pseudo-3D QA device that can measure 3D dose distribution in PBS proton fields spot-by-spot. .

2.
RSC Adv ; 14(25): 17929-17944, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836170

RESUMO

Cancer has become the leading cause of death worldwide. In recent years, molecular diagnosis has demonstrated great potential in the prediction and diagnosis of cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short oligonucleotides that regulate gene expression and cell function and are considered ideal biomarkers for cancer detection, diagnosis, and patient prognosis. Therefore, the specific and sensitive detection of ultra-low quantities of miRNA is of great significance. MiRNA biosensors based on electrochemical technology have advantages of high sensitivity, low cost and fast response. Nanomaterials show great potential in miRNA electrochemical detection and promote the rapid development of electrochemical miRNA biosensors. Some methods and signal amplification strategies for miRNA detection in recent years are reviewed herein, followed by a discussion of the latest progress in electrochemical miRNA detection based on different types of nanomaterial. Future perspectives and challenges are also proposed for further exploration of nanomaterials to bring breakthroughs in electrochemical miRNA detection.

3.
Urol J ; 2024 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852047

RESUMO

Purpose To explore the efficacy and safety of a self-improved continuous bladder irrigation (CBI) sensor device after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Materials and Methods A total of 160 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia who received TURP from June 2021 to May 2022 were selected. According to the envelope randomization method, patients were divided into a control group (80 cases) and study group (80 cases). In the control group, the speed of bladder flushing fluid was adjusted according to the clinical experience of nurses. On the basis of the control group, the self-improved CBI sensor device was used in the study group to observe the postoperative comfort and complication rate in the two groups. Results The comfort of patients in the study group was significantly higher than that of patients in the control group (97.50% vs. 88.75%, P = .023), and the number of postoperative complications in the control group was significantly higher than that in the study group (8.75% vs. 1.25%, P = .021). Meanwhile, the average amount of irrigation fluid in the study group was obviously lower than that in the control group (26.4 L vs. 27.8 L, P = .011). In addition, patients in the study group had a significantly shorter hospital stay than the controls (3.3 days vs. 3.6 days, P = .005). Conclusion Implementation of the new self-improved CBI sensor device for patients after TURP can improve their awareness regarding disease-related knowledge, alleviate their fear and anxiety, improve their compliance and comfort with treatment and nursing, and reduce the incidence of complications.

4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12283, 2024 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38811828

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is commonly induced by accumulating misfolded or unfolded proteins in tumor microenvironment. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in ERS response and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) progression. However, the role of ERS-related lncRNAs in LUAD remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to identify ERS-associated lncRNAs with prognostic value in LUAD and characterize their clinical implications. Cox and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analyses identified nine ERS-related lncRNAs with independent prognostic abilities, including five protective factors (CROCCP2, KIAA0125, LINC0996, RPARP-AS1 and TBX5-AS1) and four risk factors (LINC0857, LINC116, RP11-21L23.2 and RP11-295G20.2). We developed an ERS-related lncRNA risk prediction model in predicting overall survival of LUAD patients, which classified TCGA cohorts into high-risk (HS) and low-risk (LS) groups. Comprehensive bioinformatic analyses revealed HS patients featured with late-stage tumors, greater mutation burdens, weaker anti-tumor immunity/responses, and lower sensitivity to targeted drugs compared to LS patients, contributing to tumor progression and a poor prognosis. Functional enrichment analysis implicated these ERS-related lncRNAs in cell migration, cell death, and immunity. Furthermore, expression of the most significantly upregulated risk lncRNA, RP11-295G20.2, was validated at the mRNA level using clinical LUAD samples. Knockdown of RP11-295G20.2 obviously reduced ERS and suppressed proliferation, invasion, and migration of LUAD cells. This novel ERS-related lncRNA signature provides a new biomarker for prognostic prediction, and ERS-associated RP11-295G20.2 serves as a potential therapeutic target in LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Feminino , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(6): e560, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38812572

RESUMO

White adipose tissue is not only a highly heterogeneous organ containing various cells, such as adipocytes, adipose stem and progenitor cells, and immune cells, but also an endocrine organ that is highly important for regulating metabolic and immune homeostasis. In individuals with obesity, dynamic cellular changes in adipose tissue result in phenotypic switching and adipose tissue dysfunction, including pathological expansion, WAT fibrosis, immune cell infiltration, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and ectopic lipid accumulation, ultimately leading to chronic low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance. Recently, many distinct subpopulations of adipose tissue have been identified, providing new insights into the potential mechanisms of adipose dysfunction in individuals with obesity. Therefore, targeting white adipose tissue as a therapeutic agent for treating obesity and obesity-related metabolic diseases is of great scientific interest. Here, we provide an overview of white adipose tissue remodeling in individuals with obesity including cellular changes and discuss the underlying regulatory mechanisms of white adipose tissue metabolic dysfunction. Currently, various studies have uncovered promising targets and strategies for obesity treatment. We also outline the potential therapeutic signaling pathways of targeting adipose tissue and summarize existing therapeutic strategies for antiobesity treatment including pharmacological approaches, lifestyle interventions, and novel therapies.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406906, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38819764

RESUMO

Eutectic electrolytes show potential beyond conventional low-concentration electrolytes (LCEs) in zinc (Zn)-ion capacitors (ZICs) yet suffer from high viscosity and sluggish kinetics. Herein, we originally develop an intrinsically decoupling strategy to address these issues, producing a novel electrolyte termed "quasi-eutectic" electrolyte (quasi-EE). Joint experimental and theoretical analyses confirm its unique solution coordination structure doped with near-LCE domains. This enables the quasi-EE well inherit the advanced properties at deep-eutectic states while provide facilitated kinetics as well as lower energy barriers via a vehicle/hopping-hybridized charge transfer mechanism. Consequently, a homogeneous electroplating pattern with much enhanced Sandꞌs time is achieved on the Zn surface, followed by a twofold prolonged service-life with drastically reduced concentration polarization. More encouragingly, the quasi-EE also delivers increased capacitance output in ZICs, which is elevated by 12.4%-144.6% compared to that before decoupling. Furthermore, the pouch cell with a cathodic mass loading of 36.6 mg cm-2 maintains competitive cycling performances over 600 cycles, far exceeding other Zn-based counterparts. This work offers fresh insights into eutectic decoupling and beyond.

7.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; : 1-9, 2024 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-induced delirium is known risk factors associated with increased morbidity and mortality in older patients. The objective was to evaluate the risk of drug-related delirium in older patients based on the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Delirium reports in older patients (age ≥65) extracted from the FAERS database using Open Vigil 2.1. The reported odds ratio and the proportional reported ratio were calculated to detect the adverse reaction signal of delirium. Combined with published evidence, suspected drugs were categorized as known, possible, or new potential delirium-risk-increasing drugs. RESULTS: Of the 130,885 reports (including 28,850 delirium events and 1,857 drugs) analyzed for this study, 314 positive signal drugs were detected. Positive signal drugs are mainly concentrated on the drug of nervous system, cardiovascular system , alimentary tract and metabolism and anti-infectives for systemic use. Of the positive signal drugs, 26.11% (82/314) were known delirium-risk increasing drugs, 44.90% (141/314) were possible and 28.98% (91/314) were new potential. CONCLUSION: Drug-induced delirium risk is prevalent in older patients, according to the FAERS. The risk level of drug-induced delirium should be taken into account to optimize drug therapy in clinical practice.

8.
Cell Host Microbe ; 32(6): 964-979.e7, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754418

RESUMO

The gut microbiota is closely linked to atherosclerosis. However, the role of intestinal fungi, essential members of the complex microbial community, in atherosclerosis is poorly understood. Herein, we show that gut fungi dysbiosis is implicated in patients with dyslipidemia, characterized by higher levels of Candida albicans (C. albicans), which are positively correlated with plasma total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. Furthermore, C. albicans colonization aggravates atherosclerosis progression in a mouse model of the disease. Through gain- and loss-of-function studies, we show that an intestinal hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α)-ceramide pathway mediates the effect of C. albicans. Mechanistically, formyl-methionine, a metabolite of C. albicans, activates intestinal HIF-2α signaling, which drives increased ceramide synthesis to accelerate atherosclerosis. Administration of the HIF-2α selective antagonist PT2385 alleviates atherosclerosis in mice by reducing ceramide levels. Our findings identify a role for intestinal fungi in atherosclerosis progression and highlight the intestinal HIF-2α-ceramide pathway as a target for atherosclerosis treatment.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos , Candida albicans , Ceramidas , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Candida albicans/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Humanos , Ceramidas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Masculino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Intestinos/patologia , Disbiose/microbiologia , Feminino , Candidíase/microbiologia , Candidíase/metabolismo
9.
J Transl Int Med ; 12(2): 170-176, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779122

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a new class of biomarkers in the context of connective tissue disorders. The miRNA expression profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) have not been fully elucidated. The objective is to investigate miRNAs expression profile in PBMCs of patients with PM/DM. Methods: Microarray technology was used to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in PBMCs obtained from 6 untreated PM/DM patients and 3 healthy controls (HCs). TaqMan-based stem-loop real-time PCR detection was used for validation in a cohort of 34 PM/DM patients and 20 HCs. Results: Microarray analysis revealed 38 differentially expressed miRNAs (24 up-regulated and 14 down-regulated) in PM/DM patients compared to HCs. Four miRNAs (miR-320a, miR-335-3p, miR-34a-5p and miR-454-3p) were chosen for real-time PCR validation. The expression of miR-34a-5p was significantly upregulated in PM/DM group (P < 0.05). In subgroup analysis, miR-34a-5p was significantly upregulated in interstitial lung disease (ILD) group and DM group (P < 0.001). The level of SIRT1, a validated target of miR-34a, was significantly lower in PBMCs of PM/DM patients compared with HCs. Conclusions: MiR-34a-5p may potentially participate in the pathogenesis of PM/DM through SIRT1, and may serve as a potential new biomarker for PM/DM-ILD.

11.
Clin Transl Med ; 14(5): e1652, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can significantly improve patient survival. We aimed to develop a blood-based assay to aid in the diagnosis, detection and prognostic evaluation of HCC. METHODS: A three-phase multicentre study was conducted to screen, optimise and validate HCC-specific differentially methylated regions (DMRs) using next-generation sequencing and quantitative methylation-specific PCR (qMSP). RESULTS: Genome-wide methylation profiling was conducted to identify DMRs distinguishing HCC tumours from peritumoural tissues and healthy plasmas. The twenty most effective DMRs were verified and incorporated into a multilocus qMSP assay (HepaAiQ). The HepaAiQ model was trained to separate 293 HCC patients (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage 0/A, 224) from 266 controls including chronic hepatitis B (CHB) or liver cirrhosis (LC) (CHB/LC, 96), benign hepatic lesions (BHL, 23), and healthy controls (HC, 147). The model achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.944 with a sensitivity of 86.0% in HCC and a specificity of 92.1% in controls. Blind validation of the HepaAiQ model in a cohort of 523 participants resulted in an AUC of 0.940 with a sensitivity of 84.4% in 205 HCC cases (BCLC stage 0/A, 167) and a specificity of 90.3% in 318 controls (CHB/LC, 100; BHL, 102; HC, 116). When evaluated in an independent test set, the HepaAiQ model exhibited a sensitivity of 70.8% in 65 HCC patients at BCLC stage 0/A and a specificity of 89.5% in 124 patients with CHB/LC. Moreover, HepaAiQ model was assessed in paired pre- and postoperative plasma samples from 103 HCC patients and correlated with 2-year patient outcomes. Patients with high postoperative HepaAiQ score showed a higher recurrence risk (Hazard ratio, 3.33, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: HepaAiQ, a noninvasive qMSP assay, was developed to accurately measure HCC-specific DMRs and shows great potential for the diagnosis, detection and prognosis of HCC, benefiting at-risk populations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Metilação de DNA , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Masculino , Metilação de DNA/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Idoso , Adulto
12.
Sleep Breath ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This investigation seeks to examine the association between serum vitamin D concentrations and the prevalence of sleep disorders, additionally elucidating the causal relationship via Mendelian Randomization (MR) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research employed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2016, focusing on adults aged 20-50 years reporting sleep disorders. The research encompassed 4913 American adults. Weighted multivariable logistic regression models and cubic spline analyses were utilized to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D concentrations and the incidence of sleep disorders. Additionally, a two-sample Mendelian Randomization analysis was performed to evaluate the potential causal link between serum vitamin D concentrations and the risk of sleep disorders. RESULTS: Within the 2011-2016 NHANES cohort of the U.S. population, a notable inverse association was detected between serum vitamin D concentrations and sleep disorders (ß = - 3.81, 95% CI: - 6.10 to - 1.52, p = 0.003). After multivariate adjustments, a higher incidence of sleep disorders was associated with lower vitamin D Concentrations (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.10-2.10, trend p = 0.014). Restricted cubic spline regression analysis indicated a linear association between serum vitamin D concentrations and sleep disorders(non-linearity p > 0.05). Lastly, the two-sample MR analysis yielded evidence supporting a potential causal connection between serum vitamin D concentrations and sleep disorders, with each unit increase in genetically predicted serum vitamin D reducing the odds ratio to 0.78 (95% CI 0.61-0.99, p = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: These results imply that lower vitamin D concentrations in the population might correlate with a heightened risk of sleep disorders, suggesting the importance of considering vitamin D supplementation when treating sleep disorders.

13.
Plant J ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700955

RESUMO

The target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase serves as a central regulator that integrates nutrient and energy signals to orchestrate cellular and organismal physiology in both animals and plants. Despite significant advancements having been made in understanding the molecular and cellular functions of plant TOR kinases, the upstream regulators that modulate TOR activity are not yet fully elucidated. In animals, the translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is recognized as a key player in TOR signaling. This study reveals that two TCTP isoforms from Cucumis sativus, when introduced into Arabidopsis, are instrumental in balancing growth and defense mechanisms against the fungal pathogen Golovinomyces cichoracearum. We hypothesize that plant TCTPs act as upstream regulators of TOR in response to powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera xanthii in Cucumis. Our research further uncovers a stable interaction between CsTCTP and a small GTPase, CsRab11A. Transient transformation assays indicate that CsRab11A is involved in the defense against P. xanthii and promotes the activation of TOR signaling through CsTCTP. Moreover, our findings demonstrate that the critical role of TOR in plant disease resistance is contingent upon its regulated activity; pretreatment with a TOR inhibitor (AZD-8055) enhances cucumber plant resistance to P. xanthii, while pretreatment with a TOR activator (MHY-1485) increases susceptibility. These results suggest a sophisticated adaptive response mechanism in which upstream regulators, CsTCTP and CsRab11A, coordinate to modulate TOR function in response to P. xanthii, highlighting a novel aspect of plant-pathogen interactions.

14.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30185, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720748

RESUMO

This paper aims to accurately assess and effectively manage various security risks in the community and overcome the challenges faced by traditional models in handling large amounts of features and high-dimensional data. Hence, this paper utilizes the back propagation neural network (BPNN) to optimize the security risk assessment model. A key challenge of researching community security risk assessment lies in accurately identifying and predicting a range of potential security threats. These threats may encompass natural disasters, public health crises, accidents, and social security issues. The intricate interplay of these risk factors, combined with the dynamic nature of community environments, presents difficulties for traditional risk assessment methodologies to address effectively. Initially, this paper delves into the factors influencing safety incidents within communities and establishes a comprehensive system of safety risk assessment indicators. Leveraging the adaptable and generalizable nature of the BPNN model, the paper proceeds to optimize the BPNN model, enhancing the security risk assessment model through this optimization. Subsequent comparison experiments with traditional models validate the rationality and effectiveness of the proposed model, with hidden layer nodes set at various levels like 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35. These traditional models include Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), Long Short-Term Memory Network (LSTM), Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT), Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT), and eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBOOST). Experimental findings demonstrate that with 20 hidden layer nodes, the optimized model achieves a remarkable final recognition accuracy of 99.1 %. Moreover, the optimized model exhibits significantly lower final function loss compared to models with different node numbers. Increasing the number of hidden layer nodes may diminish the optimized model's fit and accuracy. Comparison with traditional models reveals that the average accuracy of the optimized model in community risk identification reaches 98.5 %, with a maximum accuracy of 99.6 %. This marks an improvement of 9%-11 % in recognition accuracy across various risk factors compared to traditional models. Regarding system response time and resource utilization, the optimized model exhibits a response time ranging from 100 ms to 120 ms and consistently lower resource utilization rates across all scenarios, underscoring its efficiency in community security risk assessment. In conclusion, this experiment sheds light on the underlying mechanisms and patterns of community safety risk formation, offering novel perspectives and methodologies for researching community safety risk assessment. The paper concludes by presenting recommendations and strategies for addressing community safety risks based on experimental analysis.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(24): e202403050, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579168

RESUMO

Unstable Zn interface with serious detrimental parasitic side-reactions and uncontrollable Zn dendrites severely plagues the practical application of aqueous zinc-ion batteries. The interface stability was closely related to the electrolyte configuration and Zn2+ depositional behavior. In this work, a unique Zn-ion anchoring strategy is originally proposed to manipulate the coordination structure of solvated Zn-ions and guide the Zn-ion depositional behavior. Specifically, the amphoteric charged ion additives (denoted as DM), which act as zinc-ion anchors, can tightly absorb on the Zn surface to guide the uniform zinc-ion distribution by using its positively charged -NR4 + groups. While the negatively charged -SO3 - groups of DM on the other hand, reduces the active water molecules within solvation sheaths of Zn-ions. Benefiting from the special synergistic effect, Zn metal exhibits highly ordered and compact (002) Zn deposition and negligible side-reactions. As a result, the advanced Zn||Zn symmetric cell delivers extraordinarily 7000 hours long lifespan (0.25 mA cm-2, 0.25 mAh cm-2). Additionally, based on this strategy, the NH4V4O10||Zn pouch-cell with low negative/positive capacity ratio (N/P ratio=2.98) maintains 80.4 % capacity retention for 180 cycles. A more practical 4 cm*4 cm sized pouch-cell could be steadily cycled in a high output capacity of 37.0 mAh over 50 cycles.

16.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 1467-1477, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38645402

RESUMO

Purpose: In clinical work, it has been found that the prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) is significantly higher in younger patients with psychiatric disorders, but there are few studies in this area. The present study aims to evaluate the prevalence of HUA and the relationship between the HUA and age in hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders in the real world, and to provide a theoretical basis for clinical staff to pay attention to the metabolic indicators of younger patients and for future related studies. Methods: This is a cross-sectional evaluation of a cohort of 1761 patients with psychiatric disorders of hospitalized. The categories of disorders designed for study included: Depression, Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive disorder, Acute and transient psychotic disorder, Dissociative(conversion) disorders, Conduct disorders and Tic disorders. In addition, based on age, the participants are stratified into three groups. The authors used Kruskal-Wallis tests, chi-square tests, and multiple linear logistic regression to verify the relationship between HUA and age among hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders. Results: Overall, the estimated prevalence of HUA was 35.4%. The prevalence of HUA was significantly higher in individuals with 17 years and under compared to those with 45 years and above (P < 0.001). After adjusting for confounders, the prevalence of HUA remained higher at 17 years and under than at 45 years and above. Bipolar disorder can lead to an increased prevalence of HUA (P<0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of HUA was higher in hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders, and the prevalence was inversely proportional to age.

17.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299087, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635519

RESUMO

In recent years, the global e-commerce landscape has witnessed rapid growth, with sales reaching a new peak in the past year and expected to rise further in the coming years. Amid this e-commerce boom, accurately predicting user purchase behavior has become crucial for commercial success. We introduce a novel framework integrating three innovative approaches to enhance the prediction model's effectiveness. First, we integrate an event-based timestamp encoding within a time-series attention model, effectively capturing the dynamic and temporal aspects of user behavior. This aspect is often neglected in traditional user purchase prediction methods, leading to suboptimal accuracy. Second, we incorporate Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) to analyze user behavior. By modeling users and their actions as nodes and edges within a graph structure, we capture complex relationships and patterns in user behavior more effectively than current models, offering a nuanced and comprehensive analysis. Lastly, our framework transcends traditional learning strategies by implementing advanced meta-learning techniques. This enables the model to autonomously adjust learning parameters, including the learning rate, in response to new and evolving data environments, thereby significantly enhancing its adaptability and learning efficiency. Through extensive experiments on diverse real-world e-commerce datasets, our model demonstrates superior performance, particularly in accuracy and adaptability in large-scale data scenarios. This study not only overcomes the existing challenges in analyzing e-commerce user behavior but also sets a foundation for future exploration in this dynamic field. We believe our contributions provide significant insights and tools for e-commerce platforms to better understand and cater to their users, ultimately driving sales and improving user experiences.


Assuntos
Comércio , Aprendizagem , Redes Neurais de Computação , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 262, 2024 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613581

RESUMO

Rapid and sensitive detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is of great significance for cancer patients. Here, molybdenum (Mo) was doped into bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) by one-pot hydrothermal method forming porous tremella Bi2MoO6 nanocomposites with a larger specific surface area than the spherical structure. Then, a new kind of hydrangea-like TiO2/Bi2MoO6 porous nanoflowers (NFs) was prepared by doping titanium into Bi2MoO6, where titanium dioxide (TiO2) grew in situ on the surface of Bi2MoO6 nanoparticles (NPs). The hydrangea-like structure provides larger specific surface area, higher electron transfer ability and biocompatibility as well as more active sites conducive to the attachment of anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (anti-CEA) to TiO2/Bi2MoO6 NFs. A novel label-free electrochemical immunosensor was then constructed for the quantitative detection of CEA using TiO2/Bi2MoO6 NFs as sensing platform, showing a good linear relationship with CEA in the concentration range 1.0 pg/mL ~ 1.0 mg/mL and a detection limit of 0.125 pg/mL (S/N = 3). The results achieved with the designed immunosensor are comparable with many existing immunosensors used for the detection of CEA in real samples.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Bismuto , Hydrangea , Molibdênio , Humanos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Porosidade , Imunoensaio
19.
Chin J Integr Med ; 30(6): 543-550, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the angiogenesis effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shuigou acupoint (GV 26) in the treatment of cerebral ischemia, and explore the value of miRNA-7 (miR-7) in it. METHODS: First, 48 mice were randomly divided into sham operation, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model, and EA treatment groups. Then 9 mice were divided into carrier control group, miR-7 knockout group and miR-7 overexpression group (n=3 each group). Finally, 20 mice were divided into model and carrier control group, model and miR-7 knockout group, EA treatment and carrier control group and EA treatment and miR-7 overexpression group, with 3-6 mice in each group. The MCAO model was established in the MCAO and EA groups. Neurological deficit score and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining were used to evaluate the severity of cerebral ischemia. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to describe basic pathological changes. Immunohistochemistry was used to quantify cerebral microvessel density. Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of miR-7 and its downstream target genes Krüppel-like factor 4/vascular endothelial growth factor (KLF4/VEGF) and angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) in the ischemic cerebral cortex. RESULTS: After EA, neurological deficit scores and infarction volumes decreased, and the density of cerebral microvessels increased. In the MCAO group, miR-7 expression was higher than that in the sham group (P<0.01). After EA at GV 26, miR-7 expression decreased (P<0.01) and the expression of downstream target genes KLF4/VEGF and ANG-2 increased as compared with the MCAO group (P<0.01). After EA combined with overexpression of miR-7, the expression of downstream target genes KLF4/VEGF and ANG-2 decreased compared to the control EA group (P<0.01). After miR-7 knockdown, the expression of KLF4/VEGF and ANG-2 increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: EA could promote angiogenesis in MCAO mice likely by inhibiting the expression of miR-7 and relieving inhibition of downstream target genes KLF4/VEGF and ANG-2.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Eletroacupuntura , Fator 4 Semelhante a Kruppel , MicroRNAs , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Animais , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Masculino , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/genética , Microvasos/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Angiogênese
20.
Clin Ther ; 46(4): 313-321, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553322

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the pharmacogenetic variability associated with the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of rivaroxaban in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: This was a multicenter study that included 304 healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years with unknown genotypes. All participants were administered a single dose of rivaroxaban at 10 mg, 15 mg, or 20 mg. PK and PD parameters were measured, and exome-wide association analysis was conducted. FINDINGS: Sixteen SNPs located on 11 genes influenced the AUC0-t. Among these, the 3 most influential genes were MiR516A2, PARP14, and MIR618. Thirty-six SNPs from 28 genes were associated with the PD of rivaroxaban. The 3 most influential genes were PKNOX2, BRD3, and APOL4 for anti-Xa activity, and GRIP2, PLCE1, and MLX for diluted prothrombin time (dPT). Among them, BRD3 played an important role in both the PK and PD of rivaroxaban. Anti-Xa activity (ng/mL) differed significantly among subjects with BRD3 rs467387: 145.1 ± 55.5 versus 139.9 ± 65.1 versus 164.0 ± 68.6 for GG, GA, and AA carriers, respectively (P = 0.0002). IMPLICATIONS: This study found that that the regulation of the BRD3 gene might affect the PK and PD of rivaroxaban, suggesting that it should be studied as a new pharmacologic target. The correlation between this gene locus and clinical outcomes has yet to be verified in patients undergoing clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Povo Asiático , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Rivaroxabana , Humanos , Rivaroxabana/farmacocinética , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/farmacologia , Adulto , Masculino , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacocinética , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacologia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Povo Asiático/genética , Voluntários Saudáveis , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , China , Farmacogenética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Genótipo , População do Leste Asiático
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