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1.
J Phys Chem B ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723200

RESUMO

Electrolyte/electrode interfaces of room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) exhibit hysteretic responses to different applied potentials owing to the differences in the ion adsorption/desorption processes; the ion desorption requires excess potential, which reflects the activation energy of ion desorption. Thus far, the contributions of the ion adsorption energy and the activation barrier for ion desorption toward the ion-dependent excess potential have not been quantified. Herein, we report on our infrared-visible sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy study of the hysteretic responses of the anion adsorption/desorption at Pt electrode interfaces using neat, binary, and diluted RTILs composed of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium cations ([C4mim]+) and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ([TFSA]-) and trifluoromethanesulfonate ([OTf]-) anions. Experimental results are compared to the theoretical calculations for the electric double layer model. The hysteretic response of the RTIL/Pt interface derives predominantly from the activation energy of anion desorption, which causes the negative excess potential required for anion desorption. A comparison of the anion adsorption/desorption behaviors of neat RTILs with those of binary and diluted RTILs reveals that the large activation energy of anion desorption at the neat RTIL/Pt interface originates largely from the activation barrier for restructuring ionic layering in the diffuse layer.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743543

RESUMO

Social bot detection is essential for maintaining the safety and integrity of online social networks (OSNs). Graph neural networks (GNNs) have emerged as a promising solution. Mainstream GNN-based social bot detection methods learn rich user representations by recursively performing message passing along user-user interaction edges, where users are treated as nodes and their relationships as edges. However, these methods face challenges when detecting advanced bots interacting with genuine accounts. Interaction with real accounts results in the graph structure containing camouflaged and unreliable edges. These unreliable edges interfere with the differentiation between bot and human representations, and the iterative graph encoding process amplifies this unreliability. In this article, we propose a social Bot detection method based on Edge Confidence Evaluation (BECE). Our model incorporates an edge confidence evaluation module that assesses the reliability of the edges and identifies the unreliable edges. Specifically, we design features for edges based on the representation of user nodes and introduce parameterized Gaussian distributions to map the edge embeddings into a latent semantic space. We optimize these embeddings by minimizing Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence from the standard distribution and evaluate their confidence based on edge representation. Experimental results on three real-world datasets demonstrate that BECE is effective and superior in social bot detection. Additionally, experimental results on six widely used GNN architectures demonstrate that our proposed edge confidence evaluation module can be used as a plug-in to improve detection performance.

3.
Clin Lab ; 70(5)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyze the distribution of myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs) and myositis-associated autoantibodies (MAAs) in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) in southwest China and to explore the relevance between each subtype, each clinical feature, and to explore the relevance between the laboratory indexes. METHODS: For this study, 200 patients with IIMs were tested for myositis autoantibodies. Clinical manifestations and laboratory metrics were collected and the correlations between autoantibodies and clinical phenotypes were analyzed. RESULTS: MSAs were found in 73.5% of the patients. The most frequently MSAs were anti-MDA5 (26.8%), followed by anti-ARS (18.5%). Anti-Ro52 was the most prevalent in MAAs (46.2%). Interstitial lung disease (ILD) and arthralgia were more frequent in anti-MDA5 and anti-Jo-1 positive groups (each p < 0.05). Anti-TIF1-γ and anti-NXP2 were associated with dysphagia (each p < 0.05). Different antibody subtypes were associated with laboratory indicators of response to muscle damage and immune status. Logistic regression showed that anti-MDA5 and anti-Jo-1 were independent risk factors for ILD (OR = 4.542, p = 0.004; OR = 4.290, p = 0.018, respectively) and arthralgia (OR = 7.856, p = 0.000; OR = 5.731, p = 0.004, respectively), whereas anti-TIF1-γ and anti-NXP2 were independent risk factors for dysphagia (OR = 4.521, p = 0.009; OR = 6.889, p = 0.017, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Different antibody subtypes were associated with specific clinical features. Anti-MDA5 and anti-Jo-1 were independent risk factors for ILD and arthralgia. Anti-TIF1-γ and anti-NXP2 were independent risk factors for dysphagia.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Miosite , Humanos , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Miosite/imunologia , Miosite/sangue , Miosite/epidemiologia , Miosite/diagnóstico , Feminino , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/imunologia , Idoso , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Relevância Clínica
4.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 39: 101088, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736698

RESUMO

Isovaleric acidemia (IVA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that manifests as a deficiency of isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD), a key enzyme in leucine metabolism. The clinical presentations associated with IVD deficiency are variable and include feeding intolerance, vomiting, metabolic acidosis, ketonemia, "sweaty feet" odor, lethargy, coma and even death. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) methods were used to perform organic acid analysis of blood and urine samples from IVA patients, and the genetic analysis included next generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing of the IVD gene. Here, we report the case of an almost seven-year-old male patient from a Chinese family who was asymptomatic during the newborn period, including the clinical manifestations and examination results. Genetic analysis revealed a previously unreported compound heterozygous variant in the IVD gene: c.593G > C (p.W198S) and c.859C > T (p.R287W).

5.
Cell Rep ; 43(5): 114231, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733588

RESUMO

Mutations in the SRCAP gene are among the genetic alterations identified in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, the pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that Srcap+/- mice manifest deficits in social novelty response, as well as increased repetitive behaviors, anxiety, and impairments in learning and memory. Notably, a reduction in parvalbumin-positive neurons is observed in the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) and dentate gyrus (DG) of these mice. Through RNA sequencing, we identify dysregulation in 27 ASD-related genes in Srcap+/- mice. Specifically, we find that Srcap regulates expression of Satb2 via H2A.z in the promoter. Therapeutic intervention via retro-orbital injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-Satb2 in neonatal Srcap+/- mice leads to amelioration of the neurodevelopmental and ASD-like abnormalities. Furthermore, the expression of Satb2 only in the RSC of adolescent mice rectifies social novelty impairments. These results underscore the pivotal role of Srcap in neurodevelopment, by regulating Satb2, providing valuable insights for the pathophysiology of ASD.

6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 271: 116461, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691891

RESUMO

Owing to the global health crisis of resistant pathogenic infections, researchers are emphasizing the importance of novel prevention and control strategies. Existing antimicrobial drugs predominantly target a few pathways, and their widespread use has pervasively increased drug resistance. Therefore, it is imperative to develop new antimicrobial drugs with novel targets and chemical structures. The de novo cysteine biosynthesis pathway, one of the microbial metabolic pathways, plays a crucial role in pathogenicity and drug resistance. This pathway notably differs from that in humans, thereby representing an unexplored target for developing antimicrobial drugs. Herein, we have presented an overview of cysteine biosynthesis pathways and their roles in the pathogenicity of various microorganisms. Additionally, we have investigated the structure and function of enzymes involved in these pathways as well as have discussed drug design strategies and structure-activity relationships of the enzyme inhibitors. This review provides valuable insights for developing novel antimicrobials and offers new avenues to combat drug resistance.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Descoberta de Drogas , Cisteína/metabolismo , Cisteína/química , Cisteína/biossíntese , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/biossíntese , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo
7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1365344, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742177

RESUMO

Background: Whether the estimated pulse wave velocity (ePWV) in Chinese patients with hypertension can serve as an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality remains unknown. Therefore, this study investigated the associations between ePWV and cardiovascular and all-cause mortalities and explored potential effect modifiers influencing these relationships. Finally, we compared the ePWV with the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) to determine which parameter better predicts mortality. Methods: The population of this longitudinal cohort study was selected from the China H-type Hypertension Registry Study. The exposure and outcome variables were ePWV and all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities, respectively. The Cox proportional hazard regression model was applied to assess the associations between ePWV and all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities. The performances of ePWV and baPWV in predicting death were compared using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve area, net reclassification improvement index (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement index (IDI). Results: This prospective study enrolled 14,232 patients with hypertension. Following an average follow-up of 48 months, 806 individuals succumbed to all-cause mortality, with 397 cases specifically attributed to cardiovascular diseases. The Cox proportional regression analysis revealed a significant association between a 1 m/s increase in ePWV and a 37% higher risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.37, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-1.43) as well as a 52% higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.43-1.62) in the fully adjusted model. The findings for ePWV according to quartile demonstrated hazard ratios for all-cause mortality for Q2 (10.25 < ePWV < 11.32), Q3 (11.32 < ePWV < 12.40), and Q4 (ePWV ≥ 12.40) of 1.50 (HR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.07-2.10), 2.34 (HR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.73-3.18), and 4.09 (HR: 4.09, 95% CI: 3.05-5.49), respectively, compared with Q1 (ePWV < 10.25). The risk of cardiovascular death also increased in proportion to the rise in ePWV. The results of the area under the ROC curve, NRI, and IDI all indicated that ePWV outperformed baPWV in predicting mortality. The results of the subgroup analysis demonstrated that body mass index (BMI) and hypoglycemic drug use modified the association between ePWV and mortality. Conclusions: The performance of ePWV in predicting all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities was superior to that of baPWV alone. Patients who were overweight or obese with higher ePWV values exhibited a significantly increased risk of all-cause death. The correlation between elevated ePWV and the risk of cardiovascular death was more pronounced in patients who had not received hypoglycemic drugs.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771683

RESUMO

Sleep staging plays a critical role in evaluating the quality of sleep. Currently, most studies are either suffering from dramatic performance drops when coping with varying input modalities or unable to handle heterogeneous signals. To handle heterogeneous signals and guarantee favorable sleep staging performance when a single modality is available, a pseudo-siamese neural network (PSN) to incorporate electroencephalography (EEG), electrooculography (EOG) characteristics is proposed (PSEENet). PSEENet consists of two parts, spatial mapping modules (SMMs) and a weight-shared classifier. SMMs are used to extract high-dimensional features. Meanwhile, joint linkages among multi-modalities are provided by quantifying the similarity of features. Finally, with the cooperation of heterogeneous characteristics, associations within various sleep stages can be established by the classifier. The evaluation of the model is validated on two public datasets, namely, Montreal Archive of Sleep Studies (MASS) and SleepEDFX, and one clinical dataset from Huashan Hospital of Fudan University (HSFU). Experimental results show that the model can handle heterogeneous signals, provide superior results under multimodal signals and show good performance with single modality. PSEENet obtains accuracy of 79.1%, 82.1% with EEG, EEG and EOG on Sleep-EDFX, and significantly improves the accuracy with EOG from 73.7% to 76% by introducing similarity information.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202400823, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735839

RESUMO

Separating acetylene from carbon dioxide is important but highly challenging due to their similar molecular shapes and physical properties. Adsorptive separation of carbon dioxide from acetylene can directly produce pure acetylene but is hardly realized because of relatively polarizable acetylene binds more strongly. Here, we reverse the CO2 and C2H2 separation by adjusting the pore structures in two isoreticular ultramicroporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Under ambient conditions, copper isonicotinate (Cu(ina)2), with relatively large pore channels shows C2H2-selective adsorption with a C2H2/CO2 selectivity of 3.4, whereas its smaller-pore analogue, copper quinoline-5-carboxylate (Cu(Qc)2) shows an inverse CO2/C2H2 selectivity of 5.6. Cu(Qc)2 shows compact pore space that well matches the optimal orientation of CO2 but is not compatible for C2H2. Neutron powder diffraction experiments confirmed that CO2 molecules adopt preferential orientation along the pore channels during adsorption binding, whereas C2H2 molecules bind in an opposite fashion with distorted configurations due to their opposite quadrupole moments. Dynamic breakthrough experiments have validated the separation performance of Cu(Qc)2 for CO2/C2H2 separation.

11.
Chem Asian J ; : e202400329, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736306

RESUMO

It is of great significance to develop high-performance thermoelectric (TE) materials, because they can be used to harvest waste heat into electricity and there is abundant waste heat on earth. The conventional TE materials are inorganic semimetals or semiconductors like Bi2Te3 and its derivatives. However, they have problems of high cost, scare/toxic elements, high thermal conductivity, and poor mechanical flexibility. Organic TE materials emerged as the next-generation TE materials because of their merits including solution processability, low cost, abundant element, low intrinsic thermal conductivity, and high mechanical flexibility. Organic TE materials are mainly conducting polymers because of their high conductivity. Both the conductivity and Seebeck coefficient depend on the doping level, and they are interdependent. Hence, the TE properties of polymers can be improved through doping/dedoping engineering. There are three types of doping forms, oxidative (or reductive) doping, protonic acid doping, and charge transfer doping. Accordingly, they can be dedoped by different approaches. In this article, we review the methods to dope and dedope p-type and n-type TE polymers and the combination of doping and dedoping to optimize their TE properties. Secondary doping is also covered, since it can significantly enhance the conductivity of some TE polymers.

12.
J Ovarian Res ; 17(1): 98, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725001

RESUMO

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is a systemic condition marked by the enlargement of the ovaries and heightened vascular permeability. And hypothyroidism (HT) emerges as a potential risk factor for OHSS occurrence. This review presented a comprehensive summary of pertinent case reports involving patients diagnosed with both HT and OHSS. Detailed exploration was conducted into their clinical presentations, diagnostic methodologies, and treatment modalities. Additionally, the review delved into potential interaction mechanisms between HT and OHSS, encompassing various aspects including hormone levels. Moreover, management strategies for mitigating the risk of OHSS in HT patients were thoroughly reviewed and the importance of monitoring thyroid function in those experiencing OHSS was emphasized. This review indicated that the association between HT and OHSS, underscoring its multifaceted complexity. It could accentuate the ongoing necessity for rigorous research and clinical refinement to deepen our comprehension of this association and to bolster diagnostic and therapeutic methodologies for optimal patient care. In conclusion, this review offered valuable insights for future research directions and clinical practices for patients afflicted with OHSS and HT.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana , Humanos , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/complicações , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/terapia , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/etiologia , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Feminino , Fatores de Risco
13.
BMC Med Imaging ; 24(1): 116, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the predictive value of one-stop energy spectrum and perfusion CT parameters for microvessel density (MVD) in colorectal cancer cancer foci. METHODS: Clinical and CT data of 82 patients with colorectal cancer confirmed by preoperative colonoscopy or surgical pathology in our hospital from September 2019 to November 2022 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Energy spectrum CT images were measured using the Protocols general module of the GSI Viewer software of the GE AW 4.7 post-processing workstation to measure the CT values of the arterial and venous phase lesions and the neighboring normal intestinal wall in a single energy range of 40 kev∼140 kev, and the slopes of the energy spectrum curves (λ) were calculated between 40 kev-90 kev; Iodine concentration (IC), Water concentration (WC), Effective-Z (Eff-Z) and Normalized iodine concentration (NIC) were measured by placing a region of interest (ROI) on the iodine concentration map and water concentration map at the lesion and adjacent to the normal intestinal wall.Perfusion CT images were scanned continuously and dynamically using GSI Perfusion software and analyzed by applying CT Perfusion 4.0 software.Blood volume (BV), blood flow (BF), surface permeability (PS), time to peak (TTP), and mean transit time (MTT) were measured respectively in the lesion and adjacent normal colorectal wall. Based on the pathological findings, the tumors were divided into a low MVD group (MVD < 35/field of view, n = 52 cases) and a high MVD group (MVD ≥ 35/field of view, n = 30 cases) using a median of 35/field of view as the MVD grouping criterion. The collected data were statistically analyzed, the subjects' operating characteristic curve (ROC) was plotted, and the area under curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and Yoden index were calculated for the predicted efficacy of each parameter of the energy spectrum and perfusion CT and the combined parameters. RESULTS: The CT values, IC, NIC, λ, Eff-Z of 40kev∼140kev single energy in the arterial and venous phase of colorectal cancer in the high MVD group were higher than those in the low MVD group, and the differences were all statistically significant (p < 0.05). The AUC of each single-energy CT value in the arterial phase from 40 kev to 120 kev for determining the high or low MVD of colorectal cancer was greater than 0.8, indicating that arterial stage has a good predictive value for high or low MVD in colorectal cancer; AUC for arterial IC, NIC and IC + NIC were all greater than 0.9, indicating that in arterial colorectal cancer, both single and combined parameters of spectral CT are highly effective in predicting the level of MVD. The AUC of 40 kev to 90 kev single-energy CT values in the intravenous phase was greater than 0.9, and its diagnostic efficacy was more representative; The AUC of IC and NIC in venous stage were greater than 0.8, which indicating that the IC and NIC energy spectrum parameters in venous stage colorectal cancer have a very good predictive value for the difference between high and low MVDs, with the greatest diagnostic efficacy in IC.The values of BV and BF in the high MVD group were higher than those in the low MVD group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05), and the AUC of BF, BV, and BV + BF were 0.991, 0.733, and 0.997, respectively, with the highest diagnostic efficacy for determining the level of MVD in colorectal cancer by BV + BF. CONCLUSION: One-stop CT energy spectrum and perfusion imaging technology can accurately reflect the MVD in living tumor tissues, which in turn reflects the tumor angiogenesis, and to a certain extent helps to determine the malignancy, invasion and metastasis of living colorectal cancer tumor tissues based on CT energy spectrum and perfusion parameters.


Assuntos
Neovascularização Patológica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Microvascular , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Angiogênese
14.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 176, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is a critical step in colorectal cancer growth, progression and metastasization. CT are routine imaging examinations for preoperative clinical evaluation in colorectal cancer patients. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of preoperative CT enhancement rate (CER) and CT perfusion parameters on angiogenesis in colorectal cancer, as well as the association of preoperative CER and CT perfusion parameters with serum markers. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 42 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma. Median of microvessel density (MVD) as the cut-off value, it divided 42 patients into high-density group (MVD ≥ 35/field, n = 24) and low-density group (MVD < 35/field, n = 18), and 25 patients with benign colorectal lesions were collected as the control group. Statistical analysis of CER, CT perfusion parameters, serum markers were performed in all groups. Receiver operating curves (ROC) were plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of relevant CT perfusion parameters for tumor angiogenesis; Pearson correlation analysis explored potential association between CER, CT perfusion parameters and serum markers. RESULTS: CER, blood volume (BV), blood flow (BF), permeability surface (PS) and carbohydrate antigen 19 - 9 (CA19-9), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in colorectal adenocarcinoma were significantly higher than those in the control group, the parameters in high-density group were significantly higher than those in the low-density group (P < 0.05); however, the time to peak (TTP) of patients in colorectal adenocarcinoma were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the high-density group showed a significantly lower level compared to the low-density group (P < 0.05). The combined parameters BF + TTP + PS and BV + BF + TTP + PS demonstrated the highest area under the curve (AUC), both at 0.991. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the serum levels of CA19-9, CA125, CEA, TFF3, and VEGF in patients showed positive correlations with CER, BV, BF, and PS (P < 0.05), while these indicators exhibited negative correlations with TTP (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Some single and joint preoperative CT perfusion parameters can accurately predict tumor angiogenesis in colorectal adenocarcinoma. Preoperative CER and CT perfusion parameters have certain association with serum markers.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neovascularização Patológica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/irrigação sanguínea , Idoso , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Neovascularização Patológica/sangue , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Adulto , Densidade Microvascular , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Curva ROC , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Volume Sanguíneo , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
15.
Mol Breed ; 44(5): 34, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725797

RESUMO

Members of the permease gene family are responsible for important biological functions in the growth and development of rice. Here, we show that OsAAP8 is a constitutive expression gene, and its translated protein is localized on the cell membrane. Mutation of the OsAAP8 can promote the expression of genes related to protein and amylopectin synthesis, and also promote the enlargement of protein bodies in its endosperm, leading to an increase in the protein, amylopectin, and total amino acid content of grains in OsAAP8 mutants. Seeds produced by the OsAAP8 mutant were larger, and the chalkiness traits of the OsAAP8 mutants were significantly reduced, thereby improving the nutritional quality and appearance of rice grains. The OsAAP8 protein is involved in the transport of various amino acids; OsAAP8 mutation significantly enhanced the root absorption of a range of amino acids and might affect the distribution of various amino acids. Therefore, OsAAP8 is an important quality trait gene with multiple biological functions, which provides important clues for the molecular design of breeding strategies for developing new high-quality varieties of rice. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11032-024-01473-w.

16.
Small ; : e2401970, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770987

RESUMO

Transition metal compounds (TMCs) have long been potential candidate catalysts in persulfate-based advanced oxidation process (PS-AOPs) due to their Fenton-like catalyze ability for radical generation. However, the mechanism involved in TMCs-catalyzed nonradical PS-AOPs remains obscure. Herein, the growth of FeO on the Fe3O4/carbon precursor is regulated by restricted pyrolysis of MIL-88A template to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for tetracycline (TC) removal. The higher FeO incorporation conferred a 2.6 times higher degradation performance than that catalyzed by Fe3O4 and also a higher interference resistance to anions or natural organic matter. Unexpectedly, the quenching experiment, probe method, and electron paramagnetic resonance quantitatively revealed that the FeO reassigned high nonradical species (1O2 and FeIV═O) generation to replace original radical system created by Fe3O4. Density functional theory calculation interpreted that PMS molecular on strongly-adsorbed (200) and (220) facets of FeO enjoyed unique polarized electronic reception for surface confinement effect, thus the retained peroxide bond energetically supported the production of 1O2 and FeIV═O. This work promotes the mechanism understanding of TMCs-induced surface-catalyzed persulfate activation and enables them better perform catalytic properties in wastewater treatment.

17.
Clin Immunol ; 264: 110234, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural anti-cytokine autoantibodies can regulate homeostasis of infectious and inflammatory diseases. The anti-cytokine autoantibody profile and relevance to the pathogenesis of asthma are unknown. We aim to identify key anti-cytokine autoantibodies in asthma patients, and reveal their immunological function and clinical significance. METHODS: A Luciferase Immunoprecipitation System was used to screen serum autoantibodies against 11 key cytokines in patients with allergic asthma and healthy donors. The antigen-specificity, immunomodulatory functions and clinical significance of anti-cytokine autoantibodies were determined by ELISA, qPCR, neutralization assays and statistical analysis, respectively. Potential conditions for autoantibody induction were revealed by in vitro immunization. RESULTS: Of 11 cytokines tested, only anti-IL-33 autoantibody was significantly increased in asthma, compare to healthy controls, and the proportion positive was higher in patients with mild-to-moderate than severe allergic asthma. In allergic asthma patients, the anti-IL-33 autoantibody level correlated negatively with serum concentration of pathogenic cytokines (e.g., IL-4, IL-13, IL-25 and IL-33), IgE, and blood eosinophil count, but positively with mid-expiratory flow FEF25-75%. The autoantibodies were predominantly IgG isotype, polyclonal and could neutralize IL-33-induced pathogenic responses in vitro and in vivo. The induction of the anti-IL-33 autoantibody in blood B-cells in vitro required peptide IL-33 antigen along with a stimulation cocktail of TLR9 agonist and cytokines IL-2, IL-4 or IL-21. CONCLUSIONS: Serum natural anti-IL-33 autoantibodies are selectively induced in some asthma patients. They ameliorate key asthma inflammatory responses, and may improve lung function of allergic asthma.

18.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740933

RESUMO

Constructing effective antidotes to reduce global health impacts induced by alcohol prevalence is a challenging topic. Despite the positive effects observed with intravenous applications of natural enzyme complexes, their insufficient activities and complicated usage often result in the accumulation of toxic acetaldehyde, which raises important clinical concerns, highlighting the pressing need for stable oral strategies. Here we present an effective solution for alcohol detoxification by employing a biomimetic-nanozyme amyloid hydrogel as an orally administered catalytic platform. We exploit amyloid fibrils derived from ß-lactoglobulin, a readily accessible milk protein that is rich in coordinable nitrogen atoms, as a nanocarrier to stabilize atomically dispersed iron (ferrous-dominated). By emulating the coordination structure of the horseradish peroxidase enzyme, the single-site iron nanozyme demonstrates the capability to selectively catalyse alcohol oxidation into acetic acid, as opposed to the more toxic acetaldehyde. Administering the gelatinous nanozyme to mice suffering from alcohol intoxication significantly reduced their blood-alcohol levels (decreased by 55.8% 300 min post-alcohol intake) without causing additional acetaldehyde build-up. Our hydrogel further demonstrates a protective effect on the liver, while simultaneously mitigating intestinal damage and dysbiosis associated with chronic alcohol consumption, introducing a promising strategy in effective alcohol detoxification.

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 258: 116343, 2024 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718636

RESUMO

Recently, the non-covalently activated supramolecular scaffold method has become a prominent research area in the field of intelligent materials. Here, the inorganic clay (LP) promoted the AIE properties of 4,4',4″,4‴-(ethene-1,1,2,2-tetrayltetrakis(benzene-4,1-diyl))tetrakis(1-ethylpyridin-1-ium) (P-TPE), showing an astonishing 42-fold enhancement of the emission intensity of the yellow-green luminescence and a 34-fold increase of the quantum yield via organic-inorganic supramolecular strategy as well as the efficient light-harvesting properties (energy transfer efficiency up to 33 %) after doping with the dye receptor Rhodamine B. Furthermore, the full-color spectral regulation, including white light, was achieved by adjusting the ratio of the donor to the acceptor component and co-assembling with the carbon dots (CD). Interestingly, this TPE-based non-covalently activated full-color supramolecular light-harvesting system (LHS) could be achieved not only in aqueous media but also in the hydrogel and the solid state. More importantly, this panchromatic tunable supramolecular LHS exhibited the multi-mode and quadruple digital logic encryption property as well as the specific detection ability towards the perfluorobutyric acid and the perfluorobutanesulfonic acid, which are harmful to human health in drinking water. This result develops a simple, convenient and effective approach for the intelligent anti-counterfeiting and the pollutant sensing.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Fluorocarbonos/química , Luminescência , Silicatos/química , Rodaminas/química , Limite de Detecção , Pontos Quânticos/química
20.
Adv Mater ; : e2403447, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728424

RESUMO

Artificial sensory systems with synergistic touch and pain perception hold substantial promise for environment interaction and human-robot communication. However, the realization of biological skin-like functional integration of sensors with sensitive touch and pain perception still remains a challenge. Here, a concept is proposed of suspended electronic skins enabling 3D deformation-mechanical contact interactions for achieving synergetic ultrasensitive touch and adjustable pain perception. The suspended sensory system can sensitively capture tiny touch stimuli as low as 0.02 Pa and actively perceive pain response with reliable 5200 cycles via 3D deformation and mechanical contact mechanism, respectively. Based on the touch-pain effect, a visualized feedback demo with miniaturized sensor arrays on artificial fingers is rationally designed to give a pain perception mapping on sharp surfaces. Furthermore, the capability is shown of the suspended electronic skin serving as a safe human-robot communication interface from active and passive view through a feedback control system, demonstrating potential in bionic electronics and intelligent robotics.

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