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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12621, 2024 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824201

RESUMO

Anaplasma and Ehrlichia are tick-borne bacterial pathogens that cause anaplasmoses and ehrlichioses in humans and animals. In this study, we examined the prevalence of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species in ticks and domesticated animals in Suizhou County, Hubei Province in the central China. We used PCR amplification and DNA sequencing of the 16S rRNA, groEL, and gltA genes to analyze. We collected 1900 ticks, including 1981 Haemaphysalis longicornis and 9 Rhipicephalus microplus, 159 blood samples of goats (n = 152), cattle (n = 4), and dogs (n = 3) from May to August of 2023. PCR products demonstrated that Anaplasma bovis, Anaplasma capra, and an Ehrlichia species were detected in the H. longicornis with the minimum infection rates (MIR) of 1.11%, 1.32%, and 0.05%, respectively; A. bovis, A. capra, and unnamed Anaplasma sp. were detected in goats with an infection rate of 26.31%, 1.31% and 1.97%, respectively. Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species were not detected from cattle, dogs and R. microplus ticks. The genetic differences in the groEL gene sequences of the Anaplasma in the current study were large, whereas the 16S rRNA and gltA gene sequences were less disparate. This study shows that ticks and goats in Suizhou County, Hubei Province carry multiple Anaplasma species and an Ehrlichia species, with relatively higher infection rate of A. bovis in goats. Our study indicates that multiple Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species exist in ticks and goats in the central China with potential to cause human infection.


Assuntos
Anaplasma , Anaplasmose , Animais Domésticos , Ehrlichia , Variação Genética , Cabras , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Animais , Anaplasma/genética , Anaplasma/isolamento & purificação , China/epidemiologia , Ehrlichia/genética , Ehrlichia/isolamento & purificação , Cabras/microbiologia , Cães , Bovinos , Anaplasmose/epidemiologia , Anaplasmose/microbiologia , Prevalência , Animais Domésticos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Carrapatos/microbiologia , Ehrlichiose/epidemiologia , Ehrlichiose/veterinária , Ehrlichiose/microbiologia , Filogenia
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 672: 63-74, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830319

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria-infected wound healing remains greatly challenging, especially in diabetic patients. Herein, a novel nano-drug delivery based on endogenous glucose-driven cascade reaction is proposed for boosting MDR bacteria-infected diabetic wound healing with high efficacy by improving wound microenvironment and enhancing photodynamic antibacterial activity. The composite nanoagent is first self-assembled by integrating berberine (BBR) and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) from natural plant extracts, named as BENPs, which is successively coated with manganese dioxide nanoshells (MnO2 NSs) and glucose oxidase (GOX) to form the final BEMGNPs. The cascade reaction is triggered by glucose at the wound site of diabetes which is specifically catalyzed by GOX in the BEMGNPs to produce gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). That is subsequently to decompose MnO2 NSs in the BEMGNPs to generate oxygen (O2). The BEMGNPs as photosensitizers effectively produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) to enhance the eradication of bacteria with the assistance of O2. Under the synergistic function of the cascaded reaction, the BEMGNPs present excellent antibacterial efficacy even for MDR bacteria. The in vivo experiments explicitly validate that the constructed nano-drug delivery can augment the MDR bacteria-infected diabetic wound healing with excellent biosafety. The as-proposed strategy provides an instructive way to combat ever-threatening MDR bacteria, which particularly is beneficial for diabetic patients.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(24): e2404383121, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843184

RESUMO

Transcription is extremely important for cellular processes but can be hindered by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) pausing and stalling. Cockayne syndrome protein B (CSB) promotes the progression of paused RNAPII or initiates transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (TC-NER) to remove stalled RNAPII. However, the specific mechanism by which CSB initiates TC-NER upon damage remains unclear. In this study, we identified the indispensable role of the ARK2N-CK2 complex in the CSB-mediated initiation of TC-NER. The ARK2N-CK2 complex is recruited to damage sites through CSB and then phosphorylates CSB. Phosphorylation of CSB enhances its binding to stalled RNAPII, prolonging the association of CSB with chromatin and promoting CSA-mediated ubiquitination of stalled RNAPII. Consistent with this finding, Ark2n-/- mice exhibit a phenotype resembling Cockayne syndrome. These findings shed light on the pivotal role of the ARK2N-CK2 complex in governing the fate of RNAPII through CSB, bridging a critical gap necessary for initiating TC-NER.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Cockayne , DNA Helicases , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA , Reparo do DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose , RNA Polimerase II , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/metabolismo , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/genética , RNA Polimerase II/metabolismo , RNA Polimerase II/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/genética , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/genética , Síndrome de Cockayne/genética , Síndrome de Cockayne/metabolismo , Transcrição Gênica , Fosforilação , Caseína Quinase II/metabolismo , Caseína Quinase II/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Dano ao DNA , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/metabolismo , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Reparo por Excisão
4.
Small ; : e2402981, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838089

RESUMO

To address the imperative challenge of producing hydrogen in a low-energy consumption electrocatalytic system, this study emphasizes the utilization of thermodynamically favorable biomass oxidation for achieving energy-efficient hydrogen generation. This research integrates ultralow PtO2-loaded flower-like nanosheets (denoted as PtO2@Cu2O/Cu FNs) with Cu0/Cu+ pairs and Pt─O bonds, thereby yielding substantial enhancement in both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER, -0.042 VRHE at 10 mA cm-2) and furfural oxidation reaction (FFOR, 0.09 VRHE at 10 mA cm-2). As validated by DFT calculations, the dual built-in electric field (BIEF) is elucidated as the driving force behind the enhanced activities, in which Pt─O bonds expedite the HER, while Cu+/Cu0 promotes low-potential FFOR. By coupling the FFOR and HER together, the resulting bipolar-hydrogen production system requires a low power input (0.5072 kWh per m3) for producing H2. The system can generate bipolar hydrogen and high value-added furoic acid, significantly enhancing hydrogen production efficiency and concurrently mitigating energy consumption.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877988

RESUMO

Nanoplastics (NPs) represent a growing concern for global environmental health, particularly in marine ecosystems where they predominantly accumulate. The impact of NPs on marine benthic organisms, such as bivalves, raises critical questions regarding ecological integrity and food safety. Traditional methods for assessing NP toxicity are often limited by their time-intensive nature and ethical considerations. Herein, we explore the toxicological effects of NPs on the marine bivalve Ruditapes philippinarum, employing a combination of in vitro cellular assays and advanced modeling techniques. Results indicate a range of adverse effects at the organismal level, including growth inhibition (69.5-108%), oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, and DNA damage in bivalves, following exposure to NPs at concentrations in the range of 1.6 × 109-1.6 × 1011 particles/mL (p/mL). Interestingly, the growth inhibition predicted by models (54.7-104%), based on in vitro cellular proliferation assays, shows strong agreement with the in vivo outcomes of NP exposure. Furthermore, we establish a clear correlation between cytotoxicity observed in vitro and the toxicological responses at the organismal level. Taken together, this work suggests that the integration of computational modeling with in vitro toxicity assays can predict the detrimental effects of NPs on bivalves, offering insightful references for assessing the environmental risk assessment of NPs in marine benthic ecosystems.

6.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 13(1): 47, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879557

RESUMO

Cooperation and networking are powerful tools in the combating against tropical diseases. Cooperation on a global scale is essential due to the transboundary nature of tropical diseases. Networking plays a pivotal role in facilitating such cooperation. Both cooperation and networking can foster innovation in disease control programmes. Collaborative research can lead to the development of new drugs and vaccines, while shared surveillance data can enable the early detection and control of disease epidemics. Therefore, consensus of cooperation and networking has been reached during the 7th Symposium on Surveillance-Response Systems Leading to Tropical Diseases Elimination, which reflected in the two documents, i.e., Consensus for Transboundary Tropical Diseases Control, and Action Consensus of the Network of WHO Collaborating Centres Related to NTDs. These documents will improve the efforts in the fighting against tropical diseases through collective actions to achieve the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças , Saúde Global , Cooperação Internacional , Medicina Tropical , Humanos , Medicina Tropical/métodos , Erradicação de Doenças/métodos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Doenças Negligenciadas/prevenção & controle
7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 151: 109690, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866347

RESUMO

Leucine is an essential amino acid for fish. The ability of leucine to resist stress in fish has not been reported. Nitrite is a common pollutant in the aquatic environment. Therefore, we investigated the effects of dietary leucine on growth performance and nitrite-induced liver damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, autophagy, and apoptosis for sub-adult grass carp. A total of 450 grass carp (615.91 ± 1.15 g) were selected and randomly placed into 18 net cages. The leucine contents of the six diets were 2.91, 5.90, 8.92, 11.91, 14.93, and 17.92 g/kg, respectively. After a 9-week feeding trial, the nitrite exposure experiment was set up for 96 h. These results indicated that dietary leucine significantly promoted FW, WG, PWG, and SGR of sub-adult grass carp (P < 0.05). Appropriate levels of dietary leucine (11.91-17.92 g/kg) decreased the activities of serum parameters (glucose, cortisol, and methemoglobin contents, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, and lactate dehydrogenase), the contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO-). In addition, appropriate levels of dietary leucine (11.91-17.92 g/kg) increased the mRNA levels of mitochondrial biogenesis genes (PGC-1α, Nrf1/2, TFAM), fusion-related genes (Opa1, Mfn1/2) (P < 0.05), and decreased the mRNA levels of caspase 3, caspase 8, caspase 9, fission-related gene (Drp1), mitophagy-related genes (Pink1, Parkin) and autophagy-related genes (Beclin1, Ulk1, Atg5, Atg7, Atg12) (P < 0.05). Appropriate levels of dietary leucine (8.92-17.92 g/kg) also increased the protein levels of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), prostacyclin (p62) and decreased the protein levels of protein light chain 3 (LC3), E3 ubiquitin ligase (Parkin), and Cytochrome c (Cytc). Appropriate levels of leucine (8.92-17.92 g/kg) could promote growth performance and alleviate nitrite-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, autophagy, apoptosis for sub-adult grass carp. Based on quadratic regression analysis of PWG and serum GPT activity, dietary leucine requirements of sub-adult grass carp were recommended to be 12.47 g/kg diet and 12.55 g/kg diet, respectively.

9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869066

RESUMO

Translational fidelity relies critically on correct aminoacyl-tRNA supply. The trans-editing factor AlaX predominantly hydrolyzes Ser-tRNAAla, functioning as a third sieve of alanyl-tRNA synthetase (AlaRS). Despite extensive studies in bacteria and archaea, the mechanism of trans-editing in mammals remains largely unknown. Here, we show that human AlaX (hAlaX), which is exclusively distributed in the cytoplasm, is an active trans-editing factor with strict Ser-specificity. In vitro, both hAlaX and yeast AlaX (ScAlaX) were capable of hydrolyzing nearly all Ser-mischarged cytoplasmic and mitochondrial tRNAs; and robustly edited cognate Ser-charged cytoplasmic and mitochondrial tRNASers. In vivo or cell-based studies revealed that loss of ScAlaX or hAlaX readily induced Ala- and Thr-to-Ser misincorporation. Overexpression of hAlaX impeded the decoding efficiency of consecutive Ser codons, implying its regulatory role in Ser codon decoding. Remarkably, yeast cells with ScAlaX deletion responded differently to translation inhibitor treatment, with a gain in geneticin resistance, but sensitivity to cycloheximide, both of which were rescued by editing-capable ScAlaX, alanyl- or threonyl-tRNA synthetase. Altogether, our results demonstrated the previously undescribed editing peculiarities of eukaryotic AlaXs, which provide multiple checkpoints to maintain the speed and fidelity of genetic decoding.

10.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38874096

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the association between serum bile acid (BA) profile and heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in patients with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). METHODS: We enrolled 163 individuals with biopsy-proven MAFLD undergoing transthoracic echocardiography for any indication. HFpEF was defined as left ventricular ejection fraction >50% with at least one echocardiographic feature of HF (left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, abnormal left atrial size) and at least one HF sign or symptom. Serum levels of 38 BAs were analysed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Among the 163 patients enrolled (mean age 47.0 ± 12.8 years, 39.3% female), 52 (31.9%) and 43 (26.4%) met the HFpEF and pre-HFpEF criteria, and 38 serum BAs were detected. Serum ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and hyocholic acid (HCA) species were lower in patients with HFpEF and achieved statistical significance after correction for multiple comparisons. Furthermore, decreases in glycoursodeoxycholic acid and tauroursodeoxycholic acid were associated with HF status. CONCLUSIONS: In this exploratory study, specific UDCA and HCA species were associated with HFpEF status in adults with biopsy-confirmed MAFLD.

12.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 232, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861013

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the application effect of cervical pillow in phacoemulsification surgery for age-related cataract patients. METHODS: 104 cases of age-related cataract patients admitted to our hospital in June 2023 were enrolled and divided into the control group (traditional supine position) and the experimental group (the cervical pillow supine position) by the digital parity method (52 cases per group). The two groups were evaluated for the discomfort score, the satisfaction of patients and doctors, the head displacement rate, the number of displacement, the operation time and the time of body position during the operation and after the operation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the gender (P = 0.84), age (P = 0.86), course of disease (P = 0.82) and the time spent on position placement (P = 0.15) of the two groups. The patient in the experimental group had lower discomfort score (P = 0.0001), higher patients satisfaction (P = 0.0001) and higher doctors satisfaction (P = 0.0001) than patients in the control group. There was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in the proportion of intraoperative (P = 0.36) and postoperative pain (P = 0.65). Besides, the number of head transfers (P = 0.001), number of head shifts (P = 0.0001), the surgical time (P = 0.0001) and laparoscopic time (P = 0.0001) in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group. CONCLUSION: The additional cervical pillow for age-related cataract patients in the traditional supine position during the operation will not increase the preparation time before the operation, but will help improve the patient satisfaction, improve the comfort and maintain a good position of the operative eye field, bringing obvious comfort and smooth operation for the surgeon in the operation, thus reducing the risk of the operation, shortening the operation time.


Assuntos
Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Catarata/complicações , Acuidade Visual , Duração da Cirurgia
13.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1405621, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774874

RESUMO

Ageing is an inevitable process that affects various tissues and organs of the human body, leading to a series of physiological and pathological changes. Mechanisms such as telomere depletion, stem cell depletion, macrophage dysfunction, and cellular senescence gradually manifest in the body, significantly increasing the incidence of diseases in elderly individuals. These mechanisms interact with each other, profoundly impacting the quality of life of older adults. As the ageing population continues to grow, the burden on the public health system is expected to intensify. Globally, the prevalence of musculoskeletal system diseases in elderly individuals is increasing, resulting in reduced limb mobility and prolonged suffering. This review aims to elucidate the mechanisms of ageing and their interplay while exploring their impact on diseases such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia. By delving into the mechanisms of ageing, further research can be conducted to prevent and mitigate its effects, with the ultimate goal of alleviating the suffering of elderly patients in the future.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Envelhecimento/imunologia , Idoso , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Animais , Senescência Celular
14.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 12: 1343938, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745861

RESUMO

This review examines the complex role of Pin1 in the development and treatment of cancer. Pin1 is the only peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase) that can recognize and isomerize phosphorylated Ser/Thr-Pro peptide bonds. Pin1 catalyzes a structural change in phosphorylated Ser/Thr-Pro motifs that can modulate protein function and thereby impact cell cycle regulation and tumorigenesis. The molecular mechanisms by which Pin1 contributes to oncogenesis are reviewed, including Pin1 overexpression and its correlation with poor cancer prognosis, and the contribution of Pin1 to aggressive tumor phenotypes involved in therapeutic resistance is discussed, with an emphasis on cancer stem cells, the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and immunosuppression. The therapeutic potential of Pin1 inhibition in cancer is discussed, along with the promise and the difficulties in identifying potent, drug-like, small-molecule Pin1 inhibitors. The available evidence supports the efficacy of targeting Pin1 as a novel cancer therapeutic by analyzing the role of Pin1 in a complex network of cancer-driving pathways and illustrating the potential of synergistic drug combinations with Pin1 inhibitors for treating aggressive and drug-resistant tumors.

15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11299, 2024 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760436

RESUMO

The relationship between the Systemic Inflammatory Response Index (SIRI) and the Fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (FAR) has not been extensively investigated. The objective of this study was to determine the independent relationship between FAR and SIRI in people with osteoporotic fractures (OPF). A cross-sectional study was conducted using retrospective data from 3431 hospitalized OPF patients. The exposure variable in this study was the baseline FAR, while the outcome variable was the SIRI. Covariates, including age, gender, BMI, and other clinical and laboratory factors, were adjusted. Cross-correlation analysis and linear regression models were applied. The generalized additive model (GAM) investigated non-linear relationships. Adjusted analysis revealed an independent negative association between FAR and SIRI in OPF patients (ß = - 0.114, p = 0.00064, 95% CI - 0.180, - 0.049). A substantial U-shaped association between FAR and SIRI was shown using GAM analysis (p < 0.001). FAR and SIRI indicated a negative association for FAR below 6.344% and a positive correlation for FAR over 6.344%. The results of our study revealed a U-shaped relationship between SIRI and FAR. The lowest conceivable FAR for a bone-loose inflammatory disease might be 6.344%, suggesting that this has particular significance for the medical diagnosis and therapy of persons with OPF. Consequently, the term "inflammatory trough" is proposed. These results offer fresh perspectives on controlling inflammation in individuals with OPF and preventing inflammatory osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/análise , Masculino , Fraturas por Osteoporose/sangue , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inflamação/sangue , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Albumina Sérica/análise
16.
Biomolecules ; 14(5)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785939

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI), including ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation MI (NSTEMI), is still a leading cause of death worldwide. Metabolomics technology was used to explore differential metabolites (DMs) as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of STEMI and NSTEMI. In the study, 2531 metabolites, including 1925 DMs, were discovered. In the selected 27 DMs, 14 were successfully verified in a new cohort, and the AUC values were all above 0.8. There were 10 in STEMI group, namely L-aspartic acid, L-acetylcarnitine, acetylglycine, decanoylcarnitine, hydroxyphenyllactic acid, ferulic acid, itaconic acid, lauroylcarnitine, myristoylcarnitine, and cis-4-hydroxy-D-proline, and 5 in NSTEMI group, namely L-aspartic acid, arachidonic acid, palmitoleic acid, D-aspartic acid, and palmitelaidic acid. These 14 DMs may be developed as biomarkers for the early diagnosis of MI with high sensitivity and specificity. These findings have particularly important clinical significance for NSTEMI patients because these patients have no typical ECG changes.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Metabolômica , Infarto do Miocárdio , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolômica/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Idoso , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/metabolismo , Metaboloma
17.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 13(1): 37, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783378

RESUMO

Natural, geographical barriers have historically limited the spread of communicable diseases. This is no longer the case in today's interconnected world, paired with its unprecedented environmental and climate change, emphasising the intersection of evolutionary biology, epidemiology and geography (i.e. biogeography). A total of 14 articles of the special issue entitled "Geography and health: role of human translocation and access to care" document enhanced disease transmission of diseases, such as malaria, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, COVID-19 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome corona 2) and Oropouche fever in spite of spatiotemporal surveillance. High-resolution satellite images can be used to understand spatial distributions of transmission risks and disease spread and to highlight the major avenue increasing the incidence and geographic range of zoonoses represented by spill-over transmission of coronaviruses from bats to pigs or civets. Climate change and globalization have increased the spread and establishment of invasive mosquitoes in non-tropical areas leading to emerging outbreaks of infections warranting improved physical, chemical and biological vector control strategies. The translocation of pathogens and their vectors is closely connected with human mobility, migration and the global transport of goods. Other contributing factors are deforestation with urbanization encroaching into wildlife zones. The destruction of natural ecosystems, coupled with low income and socioeconomic status, increase transmission probability of neglected tropical and zoonotic diseases. The articles in this special issue document emerging or re-emerging diseases and surveillance of fever symptoms. Health equity is intricately connected to accessibility to health care and the targeting of healthcare resources, necessitating a spatial approach. Public health comprises successful disease management integrating spatial surveillance systems, including access to sanitation facilities. Antimicrobial resistance caused, e.g. by increased use of antibiotics in health, agriculture and aquaculture, or acquisition of resistance genes, can be spread by horizontal gene transfer. This editorial reviews the key findings of this 14-article special issue, identifies important gaps relevant to our interconnected world and makes a number of specific recommendations to mitigate the transmission risks of infectious diseases in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Zoonoses , Humanos , Animais , Zoonoses/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/transmissão , SARS-CoV-2 , Geografia
18.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768001

RESUMO

Freezing of gait (FOG) leads to an increased risk of falls and limited mobility in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, existing research ignores the fine-grained quantitative assessment of FOG severity. This paper provides a double-hurdle model that uses typical spatiotemporal gait features to quantify the FOG severity in patients with PD. Moreover, a novel multi-output random forest algorithm is used as one hurdle of the double-hurdle model, further enhancing the model's performance. We conduct six experiments on a public PD gait database. Results demonstrate that the designed random forest algorithm in the double-hurdle model-hyperparameter independence framework achieves outstanding performances with the highest correlation coefficient (CC) of 0.972 and the lowest root mean square error (RMSE) of 2.488. Furthermore, we study the effect of drug state on the gait patterns of PD patients with or without FOG. Results show that "OFF" state amplifies the visibility of FOG symptoms in PD patients. Therefore, this study holds significant implications for the management and treatment of PD.

19.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38780721

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke ranks among the leading causes of death and disability in humans and is accompanied by motor and cognitive impairment. However, the precise mechanisms underlying injury after stroke and effective treatment strategies require further investigation. Peroxiredoxin-1 (PRDX1) triggers an extensive inflammatory cascade that plays a pivotal role in the pathology of ischemic stroke, resulting in severe brain damage from activated microglia. In the present study, we used molecular dynamics simulation and nuclear magnetic resonance to detect the interaction between PRDX1 and a specific interfering peptide. We used behavioral, morphological, and molecular experimental methods to demonstrate the effect of PRDX1-peptide on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in mice and to investigate the related mechanism. We found that PRDX1-peptide bound specifically to PRDX1 and improved motor and cognitive functions in I/R mice. In addition, pretreatment with PRDX1-peptide reduced the infarct area and decreased the number of apoptotic cells in the penumbra. Furthermore, PRDX1-peptide inhibited microglial activation and downregulated proinflammatory cytokines including IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α through inhibition of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby attenuating ischemic brain injury. Our findings clarify the precise mechanism underlying PRDX1-induced inflammation after ischemic stroke and suggest that the PRDX1-peptide can significantly alleviate the postischemic inflammatory response by interfering with PRDX1 amino acids 70-90 and thereby inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. Our study provides a theoretical basis for a new therapeutic strategy to treat ischemic stroke.

20.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 457, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cotton is globally important crop. Verticillium wilt (VW), caused by Verticillium dahliae, is the most destructive disease in cotton, reducing yield and fiber quality by over 50% of cotton acreage. Breeding resistant cotton cultivars has proven to be an efficient strategy for improving the resistance of cotton to V. dahliae. However, the lack of understanding of the genetic basis of VW resistance may hinder the progress in deploying elite cultivars with proven resistance. RESULTS: We planted the VW-resistant Gossypium hirsutum cultivar Zhongzhimian No.2 (ZZM2) in an artificial greenhouse and disease nursery. ZZM2 cotton was subsequently subjected to transcriptome sequencing after Vd991 inoculation (6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h post-inoculation). Several differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in response to V. dahliae infection, mainly involved in resistance processes, such as flavonoid and terpenoid quinone biosynthesis, plant hormone signaling, MAPK signaling, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, and pyruvate metabolism. Compared to the susceptible cultivar Junmian No.1 (J1), oxidoreductase activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were significantly increased in ZZM2. Furthermore, gene silencing of cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COX1), which is involved in the oxidation-reduction process in ZZM2, compromised its resistance to V. dahliae, suggesting that COX1 contributes to VW resistance in ZZM2. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that the G. hirsutum cultivar ZZM2 responds to V. dahliae inoculation through resistance-related processes, especially the oxidation-reduction process. This enhances our understanding of the mechanisms regulating the ZZM2 defense against VW.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Gossypium , Doenças das Plantas , Gossypium/genética , Gossypium/microbiologia , Gossypium/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Resistência à Doença/genética , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Transcriptoma , Verticillium
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