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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(5): 208, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587620

RESUMO

Cistanche deserticola is a precious Chinese medicinal material with extremely high health care and medicinal value. In recent years, the frequent occurrence of stem rot has led to reduced or even no harvests of C. deserticola. The unstandardized use of farm chemicals in the prevention and control processes has resulted in excessive chemical residues, threatening the fragile desert ecological environment. Therefore, it is urgent to explore safe and efficient prevention and control technologies. Biocontrol agents, with the advantages of safety and environment-friendliness, would be an important idea. The isolation, screening and identification of pathogens and antagonistic endophytic bacteria are always the primary basis. In this study, three novel pathogens causing C. deserticola stem rot were isolated, identified and pathogenicity tested, namely Fusarium solani CPF1, F. proliferatum CPF2, and F. oxysporum CPF3. For the first time, the endophytic bacteria in C. deserticola were isolated and identified, of which 37 strains were obtained. Through dual culture assay, evaluation experiment and tissue culture verification, a biocontrol candidate strain Bacillus atrophaeus CE6 with outstanding control effect on the stem rot was screened out. In the tissue culture system, CE6 showed excellent control effect against F. solani and F. oxysporum, with the control efficacies reaching 97.2% and 95.8%, respectively, indicating its great potential for application in the production. This study is of great significance for the biocontrol of plant stem rot and improvement of the yield and quality of C. deserticola.


Assuntos
Cistanche , Bactérias/genética , Meio Ambiente , Fazendas , Caules de Planta
2.
Cell Insight ; 3(3): 100170, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590928

RESUMO

The RNA-binding protein LUC7L3 is the human homolog of yeast U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA)-related splicing factor Luc7p. While the primary function of LUC7L3 as an RNA-binding protein is believed to be involved in RNA metabolism, particularly in the splicing process, its exact role and other functions are still not fully understood. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the role of LUC7L3 and its impact on cell proliferation. Our study revealed that LUC7L3 depletion impairs cell proliferation compared to the other Luc7p paralogs, resulting in cell apoptosis and senescence. We explored the underlying mechanisms and found that LUC7L3 depletion leads to R-loop accumulation, DNA replication stress, and genome instability. Furthermore, we discovered that LUC7L3 depletion caused abnormalities in spindle assembly, leading to the formation of multinuclear cells. This was attributed to the dysregulation of protein translation of spindle-associated proteins. Additionally, we investigated the interplay between LUC7L3 and SRSF1 and identified SRSF1 as an upper stream regulator of LUC7L3, promoting the translation of LUC7L3 protein. These findings highlight the importance of LUC7L3 in maintaining genome stability and its relationship with SRSF1 in this regulatory pathway.

3.
Cancer Discov ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593228

RESUMO

Childhood cancer survivorship studies generate comprehensive datasets comprising demographic, diagnosis, treatment, outcome, and genomic data from survivors. To broadly share this data, we created the St. Jude Survivorship Portal (https://survivorship.stjude.cloud), the first data portal for sharing, analyzing, and visualizing pediatric cancer survivorship data. Over 1,600 phenotypic variables and 400 million genetic variants from over 7,700 childhood cancer survivors can be explored on this free, open-access portal. Summary statistics of variables are computed on-the-fly and visualized through interactive and customizable charts. Survivor cohorts can be customized and/or divided into groups for comparative analysis. Users can also seamlessly perform cumulative incidence and regression analyses on the stored survivorship data. Using the portal, we explored the ototoxic effects of platinum-based chemotherapy, uncovered a novel association between mental health, age, and limb amputation, and discovered a novel haplotype in MAGI3 strongly associated with cardiomyopathy specifically in survivors of African ancestry.

4.
Cancer Lett ; : 216868, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593920

RESUMO

While previous studies have indicated the involvement of Isthmin 1 (ISM1), a secreted protein, in cancer development, the precise mechanisms have remained elusive. In this study, we unveiled that ISM1 is significantly overexpressed in both the blood and tissue samples of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, correlating with their poor prognosis. Functional experiments demonstrated that enforced ISM1 expression significantly enhances CRC proliferation, migration, invasion and tumor growth. Notably, our investigation reveals an interaction of ISM1 with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family of CRC cells. The binding of ISM1 triggered EGFR activation and initiate downstream signaling pathways. Meanwhile, intracellular ISM1 interacted with Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX1), enhancing its transcriptional regulation on EGFR. Furthermore, our research uncovered the regulation of ISM1 expression by the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor HIF-1α in CRC cells. Mechanistically, we identified HIF-1α as a direct regulator of ISM1, binding to a hypoxia response element on its promoter. This novel mechanism illuminated potential therapeutic targets, offering insights into restraining HIF-1α/ISM1/EGFR-driven CRC progression and metastasis.

5.
Insect Sci ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594229

RESUMO

Honeybees and bumblebees play a crucial role as essential pollinators. The special gut microbiome of social bees is a key factor in determining the overall fitness and health of the host. Although bees harbor relatively simple microbial communities at the genus level, recent studies have unveiled significant genetic divergence and variations in gene content within each bacterial genus. However, a comprehensive and refined genomics-based taxonomic database specific to social bee gut microbiomes remains lacking. Here, we first provided an overview of the current knowledge on the distribution and function of social bee gut bacteria, as well as the factors that influence the gut population dynamics. We then consolidated all available genomes of the gut bacteria of social bees and refined the species-level taxonomy, by constructing a maximum-likelihood core genome phylogeny and calculating genome-wide pairwise average nucleotide identity. On the basis of the refined species taxonomy, we constructed a curated genomic reference database, named the bee gut microbe genome sequence database (BGM-GDb). To evaluate the species-profiling performance of the curated BGM-GDb, we retrieved a series of bee gut metagenomic data and inferred the species-level composition using metagenomic intra-species diversity analysis system (MIDAS), and then compared the results with those obtained from a prebuilt MIDAS database. We found that compared with the default database, the BGM-GDb excelled in aligned read counts and bacterial richness. Overall, this high-resolution and precise genomic reference database will facilitate research in understanding the gut community structure of social bees.

6.
Invest Radiol ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine if a universal 120-kV ultra-high pitch and virtual monoenergetic images (VMIs) protocol on the photon-counting computed tomography (PCCT) system can provide sufficient image quality for pediatric abdominal imaging, regardless of size, compared with protocols using a size-dependent kV and dual-source flash mode on the energy-integrating CT (EICT) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One solid water insert and 3 iodine (2, 5, 10 mg I/mL) inserts were attached or inserted into phantoms of variable sizes, simulating the abdomens of a newborn, 5-year-old, 10-year-old, and adult-sized pediatric patients. Each phantom setting was scanned on an EICT using clinical size-specific kV dual-source protocols with a pitch of 3.0. The scans were performed with fixed scanning parameters, and the CTDIvol values of full dose were 0.30, 0.71, 1.05, and 7.40 mGy for newborn to adult size, respectively. In addition, half dose scans were acquired on EICT. Each phantom was then scanned on a PCCT (Siemens Alpha) using a universal 120-kV protocol with the same full dose and half dose as determined above on the EICT scanner. All other parameters matched to EICT settings. Virtual monoenergetic images were generated from PCCT scans between 40 and 80 keV with a 5-keV interval. Image quality metrics were compared between PCCT VMIs and EICT, including image noise (measured as standard deviation of solid water), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) (measured at iodine inserts with solid water as background), and noise power spectrum (measured in uniform phantom regions). RESULTS: Noise at a PCCT VMI of 70 keV (7.0 ± 0.6 HU for newborn, 14.7 ± 1.6 HU for adult) is comparable (P > 0.05, t test) or significantly lower (P < 0.05, t test) compared with EICT (7.8 ± 0.8 HU for newborn, 15.3 ± 1.5 HU for adult). Iodine CNR from PCCT VMI at 50 keV (50.8 ± 8.4 for newborn, 27.3 ± 2.8 for adult) is comparable (P > 0.05, t test) or significantly higher (P < 0.05, t test) to the corresponding EICT measurements (57.5 ± 6.7 for newborn, 13.8 ± 1.7 for adult). The noise power spectrum curve shape of PCCT VMI is similar to EICT, despite PCCT VMI exhibiting higher noise at low keV levels. CONCLUSIONS: The universal PCCT 120 kV with ultra-high pitch and postprocessed VMIs demonstrated equivalent or improved performance in noise (70 keV) and iodine CNR (50 keV) for pediatric abdominal CT, compared with size-specific kV images on the EICT.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577839

RESUMO

The large sizes of granular particles lead to their slow diffusive dynamics and significant interparticle friction, bringing enormous difficulty to tune the mechanical properties and processability of the granular materials (GMs). Herein, 1 nm polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) particles functionalized with azobenzene are designed as structural units, and the obtained GMs show unique photoswitchable viscoelasticity. The azobenzene group can undergo a reversible trans-cis conformation switch while the π-π stacking among the azobenzene fragments is only favored by the trans-conformation due to molecular geometrical requirements. The POSS units from neighboring assemblies close pack to form microdomains, and the POSS is under confinement by both the supramolecular bonding and the other POSS in the microdomains. The simultaneous breaking of the two types of confinement is difficult and, therefore, the free diffusion of POSS is hindered, leading to the elasticity of the GMs of trans-POSS. For cis-POSS, the interparticle supramolecular interaction is weak and the POSS unit can undergo free diffusion, contributing to their high flowability at room temperature. The photoswitching viscoelasticity of GMs is further used for self-healing and photoswitchable adhesion. This work paves new pathways for the regulation of material viscoelasticity and the design of GM-based smart materials.

8.
JACS Au ; 4(3): 1194-1206, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559742

RESUMO

Using molecular imaging techniques to monitor biomarkers and drug release profiles simultaneously is highly advantageous for cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, achieving the accurate quantification of both biomarkers and drug release with a single imaging modality is challenging. This study presents the development of a glutathione (GSH)-responsive polymer-based micelle, PEG-SS-FCy7/PEG-SS-GEM (PSFG), which can precisely localize the tumor using bimodal imaging and prevent drug leakage. These PSFG micelles exhibit a small particle size of 106.3 ± 12.7 nm with a uniform size distribution, and the drug loading efficiency can also be easily controlled by changing the PEG-SS-FCy7 (PSF) and PEG-SS-GEM (PSG) feeding ratio. The PSFG micelles display weak fluorescence emission and minimal drug release under physiological conditions but collapse in the presence of GSH to trigger near-infrared fluorescence and the 19F magnetic resonance imaging signal, allowing for real-time monitoring of intracellular GSH levels and drug release. GSH could synergistically promote the disassembly of the micellar structure, resulting in accelerated probe and drug release of up to about 93.1% after 24 h. These prodrug micelles exhibit high in vitro and in vivo antitumor abilities with minimal side effects. The GSH-responsive drug delivery system with dual-modal imaging capability provides a promising imaging-guided chemotherapeutic platform to probe the tumor microenvironment and quantify real-time drug release profiles with minimal side effects.

9.
Res Sq ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585847

RESUMO

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a mature T-cell lymphoma that accounts for for 10-15% of childhood lymphomas. Despite the observation that more than 90% of pediatric cases harbor the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement resulting in aberrant ALK kinase expression, there is significant clinical, morphologic, and biological heterogeneity. To gain insights into the genomic aberrations and molecular heterogeneity within ALK-positive ALCL(ALK+ ALCL), we analyzed 46 pediatric ALK+ ALCLs by whole-exome sequencing, RNA-sequencing, and DNA methylation profiling. Whole-exome sequencing found on average 25 SNV/Indel events per sample with recurring genetic events in regulators of DNA damage (TP53, MDM4), transcription (JUNB), and epigenetic regulators (TET1, KMT2B, KMT2A, KMT2C, KMT2E). Gene expression and methylation profiling consistently subclassified ALK+ ALCLs into two groups characterized by diferential ALK expression levels. The ALK-low group showed enrichment of pathways associated with immune response, cytokine signaling, and a hypermethylated predominant pattern compared to the ALK- high group, which had more frequent copy number changes, and was enriched with pathways associated with cell growth, proliferation, metabolic pathways, and. Taken together, these findings suggest that there is molecular heterogeneity within pediatric ALK+ALCL, predicting distinct biological mechanisms that may provide novel insights into disease pathogenesis and represent prognostic markers.

10.
Analyst ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587837

RESUMO

Herein, we developed a gold nanoparticle (GNP)-mediated barcode qPCR strategy with a sensitivity for a single virus particle per reaction for the detection of influenza virus H3N2. The analysis of the results for pure virus and real virus samples show that GNP-mediated barcode qPCR is ∼16 times more sensitive than conventional qPCR, demonstrating the potential to reduce false negatives and improve early diagnosis of viral infections.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37676, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579079

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate factors associated with the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent pediatric liver transplantation (LT) and received enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) nursing. A cohort of 104 pediatric patients was studied at our hospital. Data on 8 indicators and 2 clinical outcomes, including length of hospital stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission rates, were collected. Linear and logistic regression analyses were employed to examine the associations of the 8 indicators with hospital-LOS and readmission risks, respectively. The predictive value of these indicators for the outcomes was determined using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, decision curve analysis, and importance ranking through the XGBoost method. A comprehensive model was developed to evaluate its predictive accuracy. Regression analyses identified donor age, donor gender, and intensive care unit (ICU)-LOS of recipients as significant predictors of hospital LOS (all P < .05), whereas no indicators were significantly associated with readmission risk. Further, ROC analysis revealed that 3 indicators provided superior prediction for 28-day hospital LOS compared to the median LOS of 18 days. ICU-LOS demonstrated the highest clinical net benefit for predicting 28-day hospital-LOS. Multivariable regression analysis confirmed the independent predictive value of donor age and ICU-LOS for the hospital-LOS (all ß > 0, all P < .05). Although the comprehensive model incorporating donor age and ICU-LOS showed stable predictive capability for hospital-LOS, its performance did not significantly exceed that of the individual indicators. In pediatric LT, hospital LOS warrants greater emphasis over readmission rates. Donor age and ICU-LOS emerged as independent risk factors associated with prolonged hospital LOS.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Transplante de Fígado , Humanos , Criança , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Talanta ; 274: 126010, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569372

RESUMO

Intracellular glucose detection is crucial due to its pivotal role in metabolism and various physiological processes. Precise glucose monitoring holds significance in diabetes management, metabolic studies, and biotechnological applications. In this study, we developed an innovative and expedient cell-permeable nanoreactor for intracellular glucose based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The nanoreactor was designed with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), which were engineered with glucose oxide (GOx) and a H2O2-responsive Raman reporter 2-mercaptohydroquinone (2-MHQ). The interaction between 2-MHQ and H2O2 generated by glucose and GOx could simultaneously induce the appearance in the peak at 985 cm-1. Our results showed excellent performance in detecting glucose within the concentration range from 0.1 µM to 10 mM, with a low detection limitation of 14.72 nM. In addition, the glucose distribution in single HeLa cells was evaluated by real time SERS mapping. By combining noble metal particles and natural oxidases, the nanoreactor possesses both Raman activity and enzymatic functionality, thus enables sensitive glucose detection and facilitates imaging at a single cell level, which offers an insightful monitoring of cellular processes.

13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7801, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565606

RESUMO

Six-dimensional pose estimation task predicts its 3D rotation matrix and 3D translation matrix in the world coordinate system by inputting the color image or depth image of the target object. Existing methods usually use deep neural networks to directly predict or regress object poses based on keypoint methods. The prediction results usually have deviations depending on whether the surface shape of the object is prominent or not and the size of the object. To solve this problem, we propose the six-dimensional pose estimation based on multi-task parameter sharing (PMP) framework to incorporate object category information into the pose estimation network through the form of an object classification auxiliary task. First, we extract the image features and point cloud features of the target object separately, and fuse them point by point; then, we share the confidence of each keypoint in pose estimation task and the knowledge of the classification task, get the key points with higher confidence, and predict the object pose; finally, the obtained object pose is passed through an iterative optimization network to obtain the final pose. The experimental results on the LineMOD dataset show that the proposed method can improve the accuracy of pose estimation and narrow the gap in the prediction accuracy of objects with different shapes. We also tested on a new dataset of small-scale objects, which contains object RGBD images and accurate 3D point cloud information. The proposed method is applied to the grasping experiment on the UR5 robotic arm, which satisfies the real-time pose estimation results during the grasping process.

14.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568177

RESUMO

AIMS: Very few cohort studies are available about the relation between remnant cholesterol (RC) and diabetes. Based on a prospective cohort survey, this research aimed at investigating if high RC was related to a future diabetes risk in the Chinese population, as well as to compare the association between RC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), TG/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), and future diabetes risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 6,700 baseline normoglycemic participants of the REACTION study's Beijing center were recruited in 2011-2012 and followed up in 2015. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to explore the relationship of RC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TC, TG, LDL-C/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, and non-HDL-C and a future diabetes risk. RESULTS: After potential confounders were adjusted for, only RC (HR 1.134, 95% CI 1.016-1.267, P = 0.025) was positively related to a future diabetes risk, and only HDL-C (HR 0.728, 95% CI 0.578-0.918, P = 0.007) was negatively related to a future diabetes risk. The rest of the lipid parameters were not related to a future risk of diabetes. Sensitivity and stratification analyses revealed that the relation between RC and future diabetes risk was stable. RC and future diabetes risk were still positively correlated even when the HDL-C was ≥1.04 mmol/L (HR 1.167, 95% CI 1.050-1.297, P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: It was RC, but not other lipid parameters, that was independently and positively related to a future risk of diabetes among the Chinese general population. Moreover, the relationship between RC and diabetes risk was stable, even with appropriate levels of HDL-C.

15.
Adv Mater ; : e2312341, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567889

RESUMO

Noncentrosymmetric transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers offer a fertile platform for exploring unconventional Ising superconductivity (SC) and charge density waves (CDWs). However, the vulnerability of isolated monolayers to structural disorder and environmental oxidation often degrade their electronic coherence. Herein, an alternative approach is reported for fabricating stable and intrinsic monolayers of 1H-TaS2 sandwiched between SnS blocks in a (SnS)1.15TaS2 van der Waals (vdW) superlattice. The SnS block layers not only decouple individual 1H-TaS2 sublayers to endow them with monolayer-like electronic characteristics, but also protect the 1H-TaS2 layers from electronic degradation. The results reveal the characteristic 3 × 3 CDW order in 1H-TaS2 sublayers associated with electronic rearrangement in the low-lying sulfur p band, which uncovers a previously undiscovered CDW mechanism rather than the conventional Fermi surface-related framework. Additionally, the (SnS)1.15TaS2 superlattice exhibits a strongly enhanced Ising-like SC with a layer-independent Tc of ≈3.0 K, comparable to that of the isolated monolayer 1H-TaS2 sample, presumably attributed to their monolayer-like characteristics and retained Fermi states. These results provide new insights into the long-debated CDW order and enhanced SC of monolayer 1H-TaS2, establishing bulk vdW superlattices as promising platforms for investigating exotic collective quantum phases in the 2D limit.

16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 315: 124235, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599022

RESUMO

In this work, an extraordinary solid red emissive phosphor was prepared based on red-emitting carbon dots (R-CDs). The synthesis was conducted under an in-situ strategy, with assistance of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. The obtained phosphor possesses a stronger red emission located at 630 nm in solid state, with CIE coordinate of (0.63, 0.35) and quantum yield of âˆ¼ 45 %. As a consequence, not only aggregation-induced fluorescence quenching of R-CDs is avoided in solid state, but also an enhanced emission with high quantum yield is presented. Fluorescence properties were further explored in detail. The emission is found to be responsive to temperature and applied pressure. Based on the excellent emissive performance, the material has great potentials in anti-counterfeiting, latent fingerprint imaging, and temperature/pressure-sensing. This work provides a facile and promising way of preparing solid carbon-based phosphors for special applications.

17.
Endocr J ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599854

RESUMO

Anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) and/or anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) positivity at baseline is a risk marker for thyroid immune-related adverse events (thyroid-irAEs) in anti-programmed cell death-1 antibody (PD-1-Ab) treatment; however, it is unknown if TgAb and TPOAb titers are associated with clinical characteristics of thyroid-irAEs. Among 586 patients treated with PD-1-Ab at Nagoya University Hospital between 2 November 2015 and 30 September 2021, 57 patients developed thyroid-irAEs (thyrotoxicosis [n = 38]; hypothyroidism without prior thyrotoxicosis {isolated hypothyroidism} [n = 19]) in whom thyroid function, and TgAb and TPOAb titers were determined at baseline and at the onset. The changes in TgAb (median, 54.8 vs. 0.2 IU/mL; p = 0.002) and TPOAb titers (31.6 vs. 0 IU/mL; p = 0.032) from baseline to onset of developing thyroid-irAEs were greater in patients with thyrotoxicosis than patients with isolated hypothyroidism. Higher TgAb and TPOAb titers, and the TgAb titer at baseline were associated with an earlier onset of thyrotoxicosis and higher peak free thyroxine levels, respectively. Twenty-eight patients who developed hypothyroidism after thyrotoxicosis had higher TgAb (54.5 vs. 10.7 IU/mL; p = 0.011) and TPOAb titers at baseline (46.1 vs. 9.0 IU/mL; p < 0.001) and greater changes in TgAb (61.7 vs. 7.8 IU/mL; p = 0.025) and TPOAb titers (52.8 vs. -0.8 IU/mL; p < 0.001) than patients who did not develop hypothyroidism. The TgAb titer at baseline and changes in the TgAb and TPOAb titers were greater in patients with thyrotoxicosis than patients with isolated hypothyroidism, suggesting that the magnitude of the thyroid autoimmune response reflects the clinical types of thyroid-irAEs.

18.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472018

RESUMO

The Indo-Pacific warm pool (IPWP) is crucial for regional and global climates. However, the development of the IPWP and its effect on the regional climate during the Cenozoic remain unclear. Here, using a compilation of sea surface temperature (SST) records (mainly since the middle Miocene) and multimodel paleoclimate simulations, our results indicated that the extent, intensity and warmest temperature position of the IPWP changed markedly during the Cenozoic. Specifically, its extent decreased, its intensity weakened, and its warmest temperature position shifted from the Indian to western Pacific Ocean over time. The atmospheric CO2 dominated its extent and intensity, while paleogeography, by restricting the distribution of the Indian Ocean and the width of the tropical seaways, controlled the shift in its warmest temperature position. In particular, the eastward shift to the western Pacific Ocean from the middle to late Miocene inferred from compiled SST records likely resulted from the constriction of tropical seaways. Furthermore, by changing the atmospheric thermal structure and atmospheric circulation, the reduced extent and intensity of the IPWP decreased the annual precipitation in the western Indian Ocean, eastern Asia and Australia, while the shift in the warmest temperature position from the Indian to western Pacific Ocean promoted aridification in Australia. Qualitative model-data agreements are obtained for both the IPWP SST and regional climate. From the perspective of past warm climates with high concentrations of atmospheric CO2, the expansion and strengthening of the IPWP will occur in a warmer future and favor excessive precipitation in eastern Asia and Australia.

19.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) is a significant injury that can require surgery and can have the risk of re-rupture even after successful treatment. Consequently, to minimize this risk, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the rehabilitation protocol and the impact of different rehabilitation approaches on preventing re-rupture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent team members searched several databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL) to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on operative treatment of ATR. We included articles that covered open or minimally invasive surgery for ATR, with a detailed rehabilitation protocol and reports of re-rupture. The study protocol has been registered at PROSPERO and has been reported in the line with PRISMA Guidelines, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/JS9/C85, Supplemental Digital Content 2, http://links.lww.com/JS9/C86 and assessed using AMSTAR Tool, Supplemental Digital Content 3, http://links.lww.com/JS9/C87. RESULTS: A total of 43 RCTs were eligible for the meta-analysis, encompassing a combined cohort of 2553 patients. Overall, the postoperative incidence of ATR patients developing re-rupture was 3.15% (95% CI: 2.26-4.17; I2=44.48%). Early immobilization group patients who had ATR had a 4.07% (95% CI: 1.76-7.27; I2=51.20%) postoperative incidence of re-rupture; Early immobilization + active range of motion (AROM) group had an incidence of 5.95% (95% CI: 2.91-9.99; I2=0.00%); Early immobilization + weight-bearing group had an incidence of 3.49% (95% CI: 1.96-5.43; I2=20.06%); Early weight-bearing + AROM group had an incidence of 3.61% (95% CI: 1.00-7.73; I2= 64.60%); Accelerated rehabilitation (immobilization) group had an incidence of 2.18% (95% CI: 1.11-3.59; I2=21.56%); Accelerated rehabilitation (non-immobilization) group had a rate of 1.36% (95% CI: 0.12-3.90; I2=0.00%). Additionally, patients in the immediate AROM group had a postoperative re-rupture incidence of 3.92% (95% CI: 1.76-6.89; I2=33.24%); Non-immediate AROM group had an incidence of 2.45% (95% CI: 1.25-4.03; I2=22.09%). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests the use of accelerated rehabilitation intervention in early postoperative rehabilitation of the Achilles tendon. However, for early ankle joint mobilization, it is recommended to apply after one to two weeks of immobilization.

20.
Cell Res ; 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467743

RESUMO

Neural signals can significantly influence cancer prognosis. However, how cancer cells may proactively modulate the nervous system to benefit their own survival is incompletely understood. In this study, we report an overlapping pattern of brain responses, including that in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, in multiple mouse models of peripheral cancers. A multi-omic screening then identifies leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and galectin-3 (Gal3) as the key cytokines released by these cancer cell types to trigger brain activation. Importantly, increased plasma levels of these two cytokines are observed in patients with different cancers. We further demonstrate that pharmacologic or genetic blockage of cancer cell-derived LIF or Gal3 signaling abolishes the brain responses and strongly inhibits tumor growth. In addition, ablation of peripheral sympathetic actions can similarly restore antitumor immunity. These results have elucidated a novel, shared mechanism of multiple cancer cell types hijacking the nervous system to promote tumor progression.

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