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1.
Neurophysiol Clin ; 54(1): 102936, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Changes in brain structure and neurotransmitter systems are involved in pain in Parkinson's disease (PD), and emotional factors are closely related to pain. Our study applied electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate the role of emotion in PD patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: Forty-two PD patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain and 38 without were enrolled. EEG data were recorded under resting conditions, and while viewing pictures with neutral, positive, and negative content. We compared spectrum power, functional connectivity, and late positive potential (LPP), an event-related potential (ERP), between the groups. RESULTS: PD patients with pain tended to have higher scores for the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD). In the resting EEG, mean ß-band amplitude was significantly higher in patients with pain than in those without. Logistic regression analysis showed that higher HRSD scores and higher mean ß-band amplitude were associated with pain. ERP analysis revealed that the amplitudes of LPP difference waves (the absolute difference between positive and negative condition LPP and neutral condition LPP) at the central-parietal region were significantly reduced in patients with pain (P = 0.029). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the amplitudes of late (700-1000 ms) negative versus neutral condition LPP difference waves were negatively correlated with pain intensity, assessed by visual analogue scale, (r = -0.393, P = 0.010) and HRSD scores (r = -0.366, P = 0.017). CONCLUSION: Dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic systems may be involved in musculoskeletal pain in PD by increasing ß-band activity and weakening the connection of the θ-band at the central-parietal region. PD patients with musculoskeletal pain have higher cortical excitability to negative emotions. The changes in pain-related EEG may be used as electrophysiological markers and therapeutic targets in PD patients with chronic pain.

2.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(3): 110, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369673

RESUMO

A Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile, irregular short rod, nonspore-forming actinobacterial strain, designated GX14115T, was isolated from fish intestine in Beihai City, Guangxi, China and subjected to a taxonomic polyphasic investigation. Colonies were yellow‒green, circular, smooth, central bulge, convex, opaque and 2.0-3.0 mm in diameter after growth on 2216E medium at 30 °C for 72 h. Growth occurred at 4-45 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 4.5-10.0 (optimum pH 7.5) and in the presence of 0-12% NaCl (w/v) (optimum 3.5%). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the main menaquinone of strain GX14115T was MK-7. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0 (44.8%), anteiso-C17:0 (20.5%), and iso-C15:0 (16%). The whole-cell sugars were galactose and xylose. The peptidoglycan type was L-Lys-Gly-D-Asp, and the polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), one unknown phospholipid (UP), and one unknown glycolipid (UG). The DNA G + C content of the type of strain was 69.5 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain GX14115T is affiliated with the genus Nesterenkonia and is closely related to Nesterenkonia sandarakina YIM 70009T (96.5%) and Nesterenkonia lutea YIM 70081T (96.8%). The calculated results indicated that the average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of GX14115T were 74.49-74.78%, to the two aforementioned type strains, and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values were 20.1-20.7%. Strain GX14115T was proposed as a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia by the physiological, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic data, for whose the name is Nesterenkonia marinintestina sp. nov. The type of strain is GX14115T (= MCCC 1K06658T = KCTC 49495T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , China , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
3.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 16(1): 40, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tubulointerstitial fibrosis plays an important role in the progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Sacubitril/valsartan (Sac/Val) exerts a robust beneficial effect in DKD. However, the potential functional effect of Sac/Val on tubulointerstitial fibrosis in DKD is still largely unclear. METHODS: Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were given Sac/Val or Val by intragastric administration once a day for 12 weeks. The renal function, the pathological changes of tubule injury and tubulointerstitial fibrosis, as well as mitochondrial morphology of renal tubules in mice, were evaluated. Genome-wide gene expression analysis was performed to identify the potential mechanisms. Meanwhile, human tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were cultured in high glucose condition containing LBQ657/valsartan (LBQ/Val). Further, mitochondrial functions and Sirt1/PGC1α pathway of tubular epithelial cells were assessed by Western blot, Real-time-PCR, JC-1, MitoSOX or MitoTracker. Finally, the Sirt1 specific inhibitor, EX527, was used to explore the potential effects of Sirt1 signaling in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: We found that Sac/Val significantly ameliorated the decline of renal function and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in DKD mice. The enrichment analysis of gene expression indicated metabolism as an important modulator in DKD mice with Sac/Val administration, in which mitochondrial homeostasis plays a pivotal role. Then, the decreased expression of Tfam and Cox IV;, as well as changes of mitochondrial function and morphology, demonstrated the disruption of mitochondrial homeostasis under DKD conditions. Interestingly, Sac/Val administration was found to restore mitochondrial homeostasis in DKD mice and in vitro model of HK-2 cells. Further, we demonstrated that Sirt1/PGC1α, a crucial pathway in mitochondrial homeostasis, was activated by Sac/Val both in vivo and in vitro. Finally, the beneficial effects of Sac/Val on mitochondrial homeostasis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis was partially abolished in the presence of Sirt1 specific inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, we demonstrate that Sac/Val ameliorates tubulointerstitial fibrosis by restoring Sirt1/PGC1α pathway-mediated mitochondrial homeostasis in DKD, providing a theoretical basis for delaying the progression of DKD in clinical practice.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390687

RESUMO

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are potentially related to many adverse health outcomes and could be transferred from maternal blood to human milk, which is an important exposure source for infants during a long-term period. In this study, the maternal blood of 76 women after delivery and their matched human milk samples obtained at 0.5, 1, and 3 months were analyzed by solid-phase extraction method with metal-organic framework/polymer hybrid nanofibers as the sorbents and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-negative electrospray ionization mass spectrometric for quantitative analysis of 31 PFAS. The perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluorooctane sulfonate, and N-methyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetic acid (N-MeFOSAA) contributed to more than approximately 50% of the total PFAS concentrations in blood and human milk, while N-MeFOSAA (median: 0.274 ng/mL) was the highest PFAS in human milk at 3 months. The transfer efficiencies for PFAS from maternal blood to human milk at 0.5 months were generally lower, with medians ranging from 0.20% to 16.9%. The number of PFAS species detected in human milk increased as the lactation time went on from 0.5 to 3 months, and the concentrations of 10 PFAS displayed an increasing trend as the prolongation of lactation time (p < 0.05).

5.
Anesth Analg ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Propofol is commonly used for procedural sedation but may increase side effects in a dose-dependent manner. Remimazolam, an ultrashort-acting benzodiazepine, has been approved for procedural sedation but may delay awakening. This study tested the hypothesis that remimazolam as a supplement reduces effect-site propofol concentration (Ceprop) required to suppress response to cervical dilation in patients undergoing hysteroscopy. METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients who were scheduled for hysteroscopy were randomized to receive 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, or 0.2 mg·kg-1 intravenous remimazolam, followed by a bolus of sufentanil 0.15 µg⋅kg-1, and a target-controlled propofol infusion. The initial target Ceprop was 3.5 µg·mL-1 and was increased or decreased in subsequent patients by steps of 0.5 µg·mL-1 according to whether there was loss of response to cervical dilation in the previous patient. We used up-down sequential analysis to determine values of Ceprop that suppressed response to cervical dilation in 50% of patients (EC50). RESULTS: The EC50 of propofol for suppressing response to cervical dilation was lower in patients given 0.1 mg·kg-1 (2.08 [95% confidence interval, CI, 1.88-2.28] µg·mL-1), 0.15 mg⋅kg-1 (1.83 [1.56-2.10] µg·mL-1), and 0.2 mg⋅kg-1 (1.43 [1.27-1.58] µg·mL-1) remimazolam than those given 0 mg⋅kg-1 (3.67 [3.49-3.86] µg·mL-1) or 0.05 mg⋅kg-1 (3.47 [3.28-3.67] µg·mL-1) remimazolam (all were P < .005). Remimazolam at doses of 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2 mg·kg-1 decreased EC50 of propofol by 43.3% (95% CI, 41.3%-45.5%), 50.3% (48.0%-52.8%), and 61.2% (58.7%-63.8%), respectively, from baseline (remimazolam 0 mg⋅kg-1). Propofol consumption was lower in patients given 0.1 mg⋅kg-1 (4.15 [3.51-5.44] mg·kg-1), 0.15 mg⋅kg-1 (3.54 [3.16-4.46] mg·kg-1), and 0.2 mg⋅kg-1 (2.74 [1.73-4.01] mg·kg-1) remimazolam than those given 0 mg⋅kg-1 (6.09 [4.99-7.35] mg·kg-1) remimazolam (all were P < .005). Time to anesthesia emergence did not differ significantly among the 5 groups. CONCLUSIONS: For women undergoing hysteroscopic procedures, remimazolam at doses from 0.1 to 0.2 mg·kg-1 reduced the EC50 of propofol inhibiting response to cervical dilation and the total propofol requirement. Whether the combination could improve perioperative outcomes deserves further investigation.

6.
Technol Health Care ; 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In order to improve nursing quality management and protect patient medical safety, it is necessary to change the default mode and completely integrate information technology and nursing quality control utilising lean management. METHODS: A database was created, the nurse quality control scoring standard was entered into the computer and after the inspection, and various inspection reports were entered into the computer to precisely and promptly preserve data. The computer was then utilised to precisely assess the intensity and quality of nursing work, compute, count, and analyse the stored data, output the quality of nursing work in each department as a report, and adopt lean management for the gathered issues. RESULTS: To reach the objective of raising nursing quality, data analysis makes it simple to identify flaws and consistently strengthen the weak points. In order to create an information-based nursing quality control system with a simple and effective method as well as results that are scientific and objective, lean management is brought into the construction process.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 273: 116133, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394758

RESUMO

Nitrogen fertilizer supports agricultural intensification, but its manufacturing results in substantial contaminated sites. Ammonia nitrogen is the main specific pollutant in retired nitrogen fertilizer sites with potential human health and odor risks. However, few studies focus on ammonia nitrogen risk assessment at contaminated sites, particularly considering its solid-liquid partitioning process (Kd) and ammonium/ammonia equilibrium process (R) in the soil. This study took a closed nitrogen fertilizer factory site as an example and innovatively introduced Kd and R to scientifically assess the human health and odor risk of ammonia nitrogen. The risk control values (RCVs) of ammonia nitrogen based on human health and odor risk were also derived. The maximum concentration of ammonia nitrogen was 3380 mg/kg in the unsaturated soil, which was acceptable for human health because the health RCVs were 5589 ∼ 137,471 mg/kg in various scenarios. However, odor risk was unacceptable for RCVs were 296 ∼ 1111 mg/kg under excavation scenarios and 1118 ∼ 35,979 mg/kg under non-excavation scenarios. Of particular concern, introducing Kd and R in calculation increased the human health and odor RCVs by up to 27.92 times. Despite the advancements in ammonia risk assessment due to the introduction of Kd and R, odor risk during excavation remains a vital issue. These findings inform a more scientific assessment of soil ammonia risk at contaminated sites and provide valuable insights for the management and redevelopment of abandoned nitrogen fertilizer plant sites.

8.
J Affect Disord ; 352: 342-348, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of adolescent depression has markedly risen in recent years, with a high recurrence rate into adulthood. Diagnosis in adolescents is challenging due to subjective factors, highlighting the crucial need for objective diagnostic markers. METHODS: Our study enrolled 204 participants, including healthy controls (n = 88) and first-episode adolescent depression patients (n = 116). Serum samples underwent gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis to assess non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) expression. Machine learning and ROC analysis were employed to identify potential biomarkers, followed by bioinformatics analysis to explore underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Nearly all differentially expressed NEFA exhibited significant downregulation. Notably, nonanoic acid, cis-10-pentadecenoic acid, cis-10-carboenoic acid, and cis-11-eicosenoic acid demonstrated excellent performance in distinguishing adolescent depression patients. Metabolite-gene interaction analysis revealed these NEFAs interacted with multiple genes. KEGG pathway analysis on these genes suggested that differentially expressed NEFA may impact PPAR and cAMP signaling pathways. LIMITATIONS: Inclusion of diverse populations for evaluation is warranted. Biomarkers identified in this study require samples that are more in line with the experimental design for external validation, and further basic research is necessary to validate the potential depressive mechanisms of NEFA. CONCLUSIONS: The overall reduction in NEFA expression in first-episode adolescent depression patients suggests a potential mediation of depression symptoms through cAMP and PPAR signaling pathways. NEFA levels show promise as a diagnostic tool for identifying first-episode adolescent depression patients.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400974

RESUMO

The contamination of abandoned chromium slag-contaminated sites poses serious threats to human health and the environment. Therefore, improving the understanding of their distribution characteristics and health risks by multiple information is necessary. This study explored the distribution, accumulation characteristic, and the role in the migration process of chromium. The results showed that the contents of total Cr and Cr (VI) ranged from 12.00 to 7400.00 mg/kg, and 0.25 to 2160.00 mg/kg, respectively. The average contents of both total Cr and Cr (VI) reached the highest value at the depth of 7-9 m, where the silt layer retaining total Cr and Cr (VI) was. The spatial distribution analysis revealed that the total contamination area percentages of total Cr and Cr (VI) reached 7.87% and 90.02% in the mixed fill layer, and reduced to 1.21% and 34.53% in the silty layer, and the same heavily polluted areas were located in the open chromium residue storage. Soil pH and moisture content were the major factors controlling the migration of total Cr and Cr(VI) in soils. Results of probabilistic health risk assessment revealed that carcinogenic risk was negligible for adults and children, and the sensitive analysis implied that the content of Cr(VI) was the predominant contributor to carcinogenic risk. The combination of chemical reduction and microbial remediation could be the feasible remediation strategy for soil Cr(VI) pollution. Overall, this study provides scientific information into the chromium post-remediation and pollution management for various similar chromium-contaminated sites.

10.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 257: 114339, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of synthetic organic chemicals with potential endocrine-disrupting effects, and have been found to impair the physical growth of offspring in both experimental and epidemiological studies. We aimed to investigate the effects of prenatal PFAS exposure on repeated measurements of multiple anthropometric indicators in infants. METHOD: PFAS were measured in serum samples collected from pregnant women at 12-16 gestational weeks. We calculated z-scores for the weight-for-age (WAZ), weight-for-length (WLZ), head circumference-for-age (HCZ), arm circumference-for-age (ACZ), triceps skinfold-for-age (TSZ), and subscapular skinfold-for-age (SSZ) at birth, 6 months, and 12 months of age according to the child growth standards of the World Health Organization (WHO) for anthropometric indicators. A total of 964 mother-infant pairs were included. A multivariate linear regression was performed to examine the associations between prenatal PFAS concentrations and anthropometric indicators at each time point. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) model was used to examine the longitudinal effects of PFAS exposure on repeated measurements of anthropometric indicators. Ultimately, a Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) model was used to assess the joint effects of the PFAS mixture on anthropometric indicators. RESULTS: In GEE models, perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) in the high tertile group was associated with increased WAZ/WLZ, with ß values (95% confidence intervals (CI)) of 0.12 (0.00, 0.23) and 0.18 (0.03, 0.32), respectively. Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) was associated with increased ACZ in the middle and high tertile groups. The BKMR models also presented the associations of the PFAS mixture with increased WAZ/WLZ throughout infancy, with more profound effects in females. Meanwhile, a pattern of inverse associations was observed between the perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concentrations in the high tertile group and decreased WAZ, WLZ, and HCZ in males. In addition, the associations between PFAS and increased TSZ/SSZ at birth were identified by both linear regression and BKMR models. CONCLUSION: Prenatal PFAS exposure (PFNA and PFDoA) was associated with increased infant anthropometry, especially in female infants, while prenatal PFOA exposure was associated with decreased weight, and head and arm circumference in male infants. The findings indicate that prenatal PFAS exposure may impair the growth trajectory of offspring.

11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1305713, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323109

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the associations between hemoglobin (HGB) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) population of different ages. Method: This cross-sectional study included 641 patients with T2DM (57.9% males). BMD of the femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH), and lumbar spine (LS) were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The 10-year probability of fracture was assessed using a fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX). HGB and other biochemical indices were measured in a certified laboratory at our hospital. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 26.0 and R language (R version 4.1.0). Generalized additive models (GAMs) were used to identify the associations between HGB and BMD and fracture risk. Results: Patients with osteoporosis have lower HGB levels than the non-osteoporotic population and lower FN BMD in patients with anemia than in the non-anemic population. In patients with T2DM, there was sex- and age-related variability in the correlation between HGB levels and BMDs and fracture risk. In older men, HGB level was an independent determinant of BMD and was positively correlated with FN and TH BMD. In non-older women, HGB level was an independent determinant of BMD and fracture risk, positively associated with BMDs and negatively associated with 10-year probability of fracture risk. GAMs revealed a positive linear association between HGB level and BMDs in non-older female patients but not in older male patients. Conclusion: Our study provides a new perspective on the association of HGB level and BMDs with fracture risk. Relatively high HGB levels are a protective factor for bone quality in patients with T2DM. However, the bone-protective effect of HGB is influenced by age and sex and persists only in older men and non-older women with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Densidade Óssea , Hemoglobinas , Colo do Fêmur , Probabilidade
12.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1328289, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333582

RESUMO

Introduction: Citrus chlorotic dwarf-associated virus (CCDaV) is an economically important citrus virus associated with leaf curling, deformation, and chlorosis found in China. Plants have evolved RNA silencing to defend against viral infections; however, the mechanism by which CCDaV suppresses RNA silencing in citrus remains unknown. Methods: Six proteins encoded by CCDaV were ectopically expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana 16c using the pCHF3 vector to identify RNA-silencing suppression activities. Results: V2 protein encoded by CCDaV suppressed local RNA silencing and systemic RNA silencing triggered by GFP RNA, but did not impede short-distance movement of the RNA silencing signal in N. benthamiana 16c. GFP fluorescence observations showed that the ability of V2 protein to suppress RNA silencing was weaker than tomato bushy stunt virus P19. Deletion analysis showed that the putative nuclear localization signal (NLS, 25-54 aa) was involved in the RNA silencing suppression activity of V2 protein. Furthermore, V2 protein cannot block dsRNA-triggered RNA silencing. The subcellular localization assay suggested that V2 protein was localized to nucleus of N. benthamiana. Conclusion: Overall, the results of this study demonstrate that CCDaV-V2 acts as an activity of silencing suppression. This is the first reported RNA-silencing suppressor encoded by Citlodavirus and will be valuable in revealing the molecular mechanism of CCDaV infection.

13.
Research (Wash D C) ; 7: 0320, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420580

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive and lethal malignancy in women, with a lack of effective targeted drugs and treatment techniques. Gradient rotating magnetic field (RMF) is a new technology used in oncology physiotherapy, showing promising clinical applications due to its satisfactory biosafety and the abundant mechanical force stimuli it provides. However, its antitumor effects and underlying molecular mechanisms are not yet clear. We designed two sets of gradient RMF devices for cell culture and animal handling. Gradient RMF exposure had a notable impact on the F-actin arrangement of MDA-MB-231, BT-549, and MDA-MB-468 cells, inhibiting cell migration and invasion. A potential cytoskeleton F-actin-associated gene, CCDC150, was found to be enriched in clinical TNBC tumors and cells. CCDC150 negatively correlated with the overall survival rate of TNBC patients. CCDC150 promoted TNBC migration and invasion via activation of the transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1)/SMAD3 signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo. CCDC150 was also identified as a magnetic field response gene, and it was marked down-regulated after gradient RMF exposure. CCDC150 silencing and gradient RMF exposure both suppressed TNBC tumor growth and liver metastasis. Therefore, gradient RMF exposure may be an effective TNBC treatment, and CCDC150 may emerge as a potential target for TNBC therapy.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358933

RESUMO

Sidestream serves as an important reservoir collecting pharmaceuticals from sludge. However, the knowledge on sidestream pharmaceutical removal is still insufficient. In this work, atenolol biodegradation during sidestream partial nitritation (PN) processes characterized by high free nitrous acid (FNA) accumulation was modeled. To describe the FNA inhibition on ammonia oxidation and atenolol removal, Vadivelu-type and Hellinga-type inhibition kinetics were introduced into the model framework. Four inhibitory parameters along with four biodegradation kinetic parameters were calibrated and validated separately with eight sets of batch experimental data and 60 days' PN reactor operational data. The developed model could accurately reproduce the dynamics of nitrogen and atenolol. The model prediction further revealed that atenolol biodegradation efficiencies by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB)-induced cometabolism, AOB-induced metabolism, and heterotrophic bacteria-induced biodegradation were 0, ∼ 60, and ∼35% in the absence of ammonium and FNA; ∼ 14, ∼ 29, and ∼28% at 0.03 mg-N L-1 FNA; and 7, 15, and 5% at 0.19 mg-N L-1 FNA. Model simulation showed that the nitritation efficiency of ∼99% and atenolol removal efficiency of 57.5% in the PN process could be achieved simultaneously by controlling pH at 8.5, while 89.2% total nitrogen and 57.1% atenolol were removed to the maximum at pH of 7.0 in PN coupling with the anammox process. The pH-based operational strategy to regulate FNA levels was mathematically demonstrated to be effective for achieving the simultaneous removal of nitrogen and atenolol in PN-based sidestream processes.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 262(Pt 2): 129983, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354935

RESUMO

Alternaria is a plant pathogen that spreads globally and is prone to causing citrus brown spot disease and metabolizing mycotoxins, thus seriously hindering the development of this economic crop industry. Herein, a "label-free" and "turn on" visual fluorescent assay for citrus Alternaria based on CRISPR-Cas12a and rolling circle amplification (RCA) was described. Using ssDNA complementary to RCA primer as a trans-cleavage substrate for CRISPR-Cas12a, the two systems of CRISPR-Cas12a and RCA-amplified G-quadruplex were skillfully integrated. By using a portable light source for excitation, the positive sample produced obvious red fluorescence, while the negative sample remained almost colorless, making them easy to differentiate with the naked eye. In addition, the specificity was demonstrated by distinguishing Alternaria from other citrus disease related pathogens. Moreover, the practicality was verified by analyzing cultured Alternaria and Alternaria in actual citrus leaf and fruit samples. Therefore, this method may contribute to the on-site diagnosis of Alternaria.

17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3571, 2024 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347014

RESUMO

With the rapid development of 5G networks, the influence of the radiofrequency field (RF) generated from 5G communication equipment on human health is drawing increasing attention in public. The study aimed at assessing the effects of long-term exposure to 4.9 GHz (one of the working frequencies of 5G communication) RF field on fecal microbiome and metabolome profiles in adult male C57BL/6 mice. The animals were divided into Sham group and radiofrequency group (RF group). For RF group, the mice were whole body exposed to 4.9 GHz RF field for three weeks, 1 h/d, at average power density (PD) of 50 W/m2. After RF exposure, the mice fecal samples were collected to detect gut microorganisms and metabolites by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and LC-MS method, respectively. The results showed that intestinal microbial compositions were altered in RF group, as evidenced by reduced microbial diversity and changed microbial community distribution. Metabolomics profiling identified 258 significantly differentially abundant metabolites in RF group, 57 of which can be classified to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Besides, functional correlation analysis showed that changes in gut microbiota genera were significantly correlated with changes in fecal metabolites. In summary, the results suggested that altered gut microbiota and metabolic profile are associated with 4.9 GHz radiofrequency exposure.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Microbiota , Humanos , Adulto , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Metaboloma/genética , Metabolômica/métodos , Fezes
18.
Biomaterials ; 306: 122495, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309053

RESUMO

In managing severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), emergency surgery involving the removal of damaged brain tissue and intracerebral hemorrhage is a priority. Secondary brain injury caused by oxidative stress and energy metabolic disorders, triggered by both primary mechanical brain damage and surgical insult, is also a determining factor in the prognosis of TBI. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of traditional postoperative intravenous neuroprotective agents therapy is often limited by the lack of targeting, timeliness, and side effects when neuroprotective agents systemically delivered. Here, we have developed injectable, intelligent, self-assembling hydrogels (P-RT/2DG) that can achieve precise treatment through intraoperative application to the target area. P-RT/2DG hydrogels were prepared by integrating a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive thioketal linker (RT) into polyethylene glycol. By scavenging ROS and releasing 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) during degradation, these hydrogels functioned both in antioxidation and energy metabolism to inhibit the vicious cycle of post-TBI ROS-lactate which provoked secondary injury. In vitro and in vivo tests confirmed the absence of systemic side effects and the neuroprotective function of P-RT/2DG hydrogels in reducing edema, nerve cell apoptosis, neuroinflammation, and maintaining the blood-brain barrier. Our study thus provides a potential treatment strategy with novel hydrogels in TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Lesões Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolismo Energético
19.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318779

RESUMO

Cold stress severely restricts plant development, causing significant agricultural losses. We found a critical transcription factor network in Medicago ruthenica was involved in plant adaptation to low-temperature. APETALA2/ethylene responsive factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factor MrERF039 was transcriptionally induced by cold stress in M. ruthenica. Overexpression of MrERF039 significantly increased the glucose and maltose content, thereby improving the tolerance of M. ruthenica. MrERF039 could bind to the DRE cis-acting element in the MrCAS15A promoter. Additionally, the methyl group of the 14th amino acid in MrERF039 was required for binding. Transcriptome analysis showed that MrERF039 acted as a sugar molecular switch, regulating numerous sugar transporters and sugar metabolism-related genes. In addition, we found that MrERF039 could directly regulate ß-amylase gene, UDP glycosyltransferase gene, and C2H2 zinc finger protein gene expression. In conclusion, these findings suggest that high expression of MrERF039 can significantly improve the cold tolerance of M. ruthenica root tissues during cold acclimation. Our results provide a new theoretical basis and candidate genes for breeding new legume forage varieties with high resistance.

20.
J Fluoresc ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305987

RESUMO

In this paper, we obtained nitrogen and phosphorus co-doped carbon dots through a hydrothermal method using o-phenylenediamine and citric acid in a 40% phosphoric acid environment. The carbon dots emitted fluorescence at 476 nm under excitation at 408 nm and exhibited good selectivity and high sensitivity towards mercury ions. These carbon dots showed excellent dispersibility in water and maintained stable fluorescence even in high concentration salt environments. The interaction between mercury ions and functional groups on the carbon dots surface through electrostatic interaction resulted in static quenching. Simultaneously, by detecting the lifetime and transient absorption spectra of the carbon dots, we observed that the coordination of mercury ions with the carbon dots broadened the band structure of the carbon dots, and the existing photoinduced electron transfer process increased the non-radiative transition channel. The combined effect of dynamic quenching and static quenching significantly reduced the fluorescence intensity of the carbon dots at 476 nm. The carbon dots exhibited linear detection of mercury ions in the range of 0.01-1 µM, with a detection limit as low as 0.0245 µM. In terms of practical water environmental detection applications, these carbon dots were able to effectively detect mercury ions in tap water and lake water, demonstrating their broad application prospects in the field of environmental metal analysis.

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