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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407472, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847278

RESUMO

The membranization of membrane-less coacervates paves the way for the exploitation of complex protocells with regard to structural and cell-like functional behaviors. However, the controlled transformation from membranized coacervates to vesicles remains a challenge. This can provide stable (multi)phase and (multi)compartmental architectures through the reconfiguration of coacervate droplets in the presence of (bioactive) polymers, bio(macro)molecules and/or nanoobjects. Herein, we present a continuous protocell transformation from membrane-less coacervates to membranized coacervates and, ultimately, to giant hybrid vesicles. This transformation process is orchestrated by altering the balance of non-covalent interactions through varying concentrations of an anionic terpolymer, leading to dynamic processes such as spontaneous membranization of terpolymer nanoparticles at the coacervate surface, disassembly of the coacervate phase mediated by the excess anionic charge, and the redistribution of coacervate components in membrane. The diverse protocells during the transformation course provide distinct structural features and molecular permeability. Notably, the introduction of multiphase coacervates in this continuous transformation process signifies advancements toward the creation of synthetic cells with different diffusible compartments. Our findings emphasize the highly controlled continuous structural reorganization of coacervate protocells and represents a novel step toward the development of advanced and sophisticated synthetic protocells with more precise compositions and complex (membrane) structures.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1332036, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835658

RESUMO

We previously revealed that Cang-ai volatile oil (CAVO) regulates T-cell activity, enhancing the immune response in people with chronic respiratory diseases. However, the effects of CAVO on allergic rhinitis (AR) have not been investigated. Herein, we established an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced AR rat model to determine these effects. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were exposed to OVA for 3 weeks. CAVO or loratadine (positive control) was given orally once daily for 2 weeks to OVA-exposed rats. Behavior modeling nasal allergies was observed. Nasal mucosa, serum, and spleen samples of AR rats were analyzed. CAVO treatment significantly reduced the number of nose rubs and sneezes, and ameliorated several hallmarks of nasal mucosa tissue remodeling: inflammation, eosinophilic infiltration, goblet cell metaplasia, and mast cell hyperplasia. CAVO administration markedly upregulated expressions of interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, and IL-12, and downregulated expressions of serum tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, immunoglobulin-E, and histamine. CAVO therapy also increased production of IFN-γ and T-helper type 1 (Th1)-specific T-box transcription factor (T-bet) of the cluster of differentiation-4+ T-cells in splenic lymphocytes, and protein and mRNA expressions of T-bet in nasal mucosa. In contrast, levels of the Th2 cytokine IL-4 and Th2-specific transcription factor GATA binding protein-3 were suppressed by CAVO. These cumulative findings demonstrate that CAVO therapy can alleviate AR by regulating the balance between Th1 and Th2 cells.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e31918, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841500

RESUMO

Purpose: Primary medical workers constitute a high-risk group for mental health problems, and psychological resilience might protect them from the negative psychological impacts of their work. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the current situation of psychological resilience among primary care workers in Wuhan, China, as well as related factors. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 417 primary care workers (30.0 % men; 38.5 ± 8.5 years old) were randomly selected to complete a questionnaire. The brief version of the National Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire and the Psychological Resilience Scale were used to assess participants' mental health literacy and psychological resilience, respectively. Multiple linear regression was performed to identify factors associated with the psychological resilience of primary care workers. Results: More than four-fifths of the primary care workers included in this study exhibited appropriate levels of mental health knowledge. In terms of mental health skills, participants' attainment rates, ranging from high to low, were 60.9 % for distracting attention, 45.3 % for interpersonal support and 43.9 % for cognitive reappraisal. The average psychological resilience score obtained by primary care workers was 27.81 ± 5.71, and the factors associated with increased psychological resilience included being male, being older, and possessing higher mental health skills, including skills pertaining to interpersonal support and distracting attention. Conclusion: The psychological resilience of primary care workers in Wuhan is at a moderate level and thus requires further improvement. Although these medical staff exhibit appropriate levels of mental health knowledge, their mental health skills are relatively poor, despite the fact that interpersonal support and distracting attention are significantly associated with psychological resilience. Hence, interventions targeting mental health skills are recommended to promote psychological resilience among primary care workers.

5.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4894, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849338

RESUMO

Synthetic biology applications require finely tuned gene expression, often mediated by synthetic transcription factors (sTFs) compatible with the human genome and transcriptional regulation mechanisms. While various DNA-binding and activation domains have been developed for different applications, advanced artificially controllable sTFs with improved regulatory capabilities are required for increasingly sophisticated applications. Here, in mammalian cells and mice, we validate the transactivator function and homo-/heterodimerization activity of the plant-derived phytochrome chaperone proteins, FHY1 and FHL. Our results demonstrate that FHY1/FHL form a photosensing transcriptional regulation complex (PTRC) through interaction with the phytochrome, ΔPhyA, that can toggle between active and inactive states through exposure to red or far-red light, respectively. Exploiting this capability, we develop a light-switchable platform that allows for orthogonal, modular, and tunable control of gene transcription, and incorporate it into a PTRC-controlled CRISPRa system (PTRCdcas) to modulate endogenous gene expression. We then integrate the PTRC with small molecule- or blue light-inducible regulatory modules to construct a variety of highly tunable systems that allow rapid and reversible control of transcriptional regulation in vitro and in vivo. Validation and deployment of these plant-derived phytochrome chaperone proteins in a PTRC platform have produced a versatile, powerful tool for advanced research and biomedical engineering applications.


Assuntos
Luz , Chaperonas Moleculares , Fitocromo , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Fitocromo/metabolismo , Fitocromo/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Transcrição Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Células HEK293 , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the end of 2022, Azvudine was widely used to treat hospitalized novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in China. However, data on the clinical effectiveness of Azvudine against severe outcomes and post-COVID-19-conditions (PCC) among patients infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variants was limited. This study evaluates the effectiveness of Azvudine in hospitalized COVID-19 patients during a SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.5 dominance period. METHODS: From 1 November 2022 to 1 July 2023, we conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study based on hospitalized COVID-19 patients from a tertiary hospital in Shihezi, China, recruiting laboratory-confirmed hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients treated with Azvudine and usual care were propensity-score matched (PSM) at a 1:1 ratio to a control group in which patients undergone usual care only, with matching based on covariates such as sex, age, ethnicity, number of preexisting conditions, antibiotic use upon admission, and complete blood cell count. The primary outcomes were all-cause death and PCC at short-term (60 days) post discharge. The secondary outcomes included the initiation of invasive mechanical ventilation and PCC at long-term post discharge (120 days). Cox proportional hazards (PH) regression models were employed to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) for both all-cause death and invasive mechanical ventilation, and logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) for short-term and long-term PCC. Subgroup analyses were performed based on the matched covariates. RESULTS: A total of 2,639 hospitalized patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were initially identified, and 2,069 patients were screened following the exclusion criteria. After matching, 297 Azvudine recipients and 297 matched controls were eligible for analyses. The incidence rate of all-cause death was lower in the Azvudine group than in the control group (0.007 per person, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.001, 0.024 vs 0.128, 95% CI: 0.092, 0.171), and the use of Azvudine was associated with a significant lower risk of death and the use of Azvudine was associated with a reduced risk of death (HR: 0.049, 95% CI: 0.012, 0.205). Subgroup analyses indicated a significant effectiveness of Azvudine against the risk of all-cause death among men, age over 65, patients without the preexisting conditions, and patients with antibiotics dispensed at admission. Statistical difference were not observed between Azvudine group and control group in the invasive mechanical ventilation and short-term and long-term PCC. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings indicate that receipt of Azvudine was associated with lower risk of all-cause death among hospitalized patients with Omicron BA.5 infection a in real-world setting. Further research is urgently needed to validate the effectiveness of Azvudine on the PCC.


This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Azvudine in hospitalized COVID-19 patients during a SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.5 epidemic phase. using cox proportional hazards (PH) regression models were employed to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) for all-cause death. The results showed that the use of Azvudine was associated with a significantly reduced risk of all-cause death in hospitalized patients.

7.
J Ovarian Res ; 17(1): 124, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851728

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OV) is a highly fatal malignant disease that commonly manifests at an advanced stage. Drug resistance, particularly platinum resistance, is a leading cause of treatment failure because first-line systemic chemotherapy primarily relies on platinum-based regimens. By analyzing the gene expression levels in the Cancer Genome Atlas database, Genotype-Tissue Expression database, and Gene Expression Omnibus datasets, we discerned that HOXB2 was highly expressed in OV and was associated with poor prognosis and cisplatin resistance. Immunohistochemistry and loss-of-function experiments on HOXB2 were conducted to explore its role in OV. We observed that suppressing HOXB2 could impair the growth and cisplatin resistance of OV in vivo and in vitro. Mechanical investigation and experimental validation based on RNA-Seq revealed that HOXB2 regulated ATP-binding cassette transporter members and the ERK signaling pathway. We further demonstrated that HOXB2 modulated the expression of long non-coding RNA DANCR, a differentiation antagonizing non-protein coding RNA, and thus influenced its downstream effectors ABCA1, ABCG1, and ERK signaling to boost drug resistance and cancer proliferation. These results verified that high expression of HOXB2 correlated with platinum resistance and poor prognosis of OV. Therefore, targeting HOXB2 may be a promising strategy for OV therapy.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Neoplasias Ovarianas , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Animais , Regulação para Cima , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proliferação de Células , Prognóstico , Camundongos
8.
Oncol Ther ; 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879734

RESUMO

In human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched allogeneic stem cell transplantation settings, donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSAs) can independently lead to graft failure, including both primary graft rejection and primary poor graft function. Although several strategies, such as plasma exchange, intravenous immunoglobulin, rituximab, and bortezomib, have been used for DSA desensitization, the effectiveness of desensitization and transplantation outcomes in some patients remain unsatisfactory. In this review, we summarized recent research on the prevalence of anti-HLA antibodies and the underlying mechanism of DSAs in the pathogenesis of graft failure. We mainly focused on desensitization strategies for DSAs, especially novel methods that are being investigated in the preclinical stage and those with promising outcomes after preliminary clinical application.

9.
Accid Anal Prev ; 204: 107649, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824736

RESUMO

This paper presents a generic analytical framework tailored for surrogate safety measures (SSMs) that is versatile across various highway geometries, capable of encompassing vehicle dynamics of differing dimensionality and fidelity, and suitable for dynamic, real-world environments. The framework incorporates a generic vehicle movement model, accommodating a spectrum of scenarios with varying degrees of complexity and dimensionality, facilitating the estimation of future vehicle trajectory evolution. It establishes a generic mathematical criterion to denote potential collisions, characterized by the spatial overlap between a vehicle and any other entity. A collision risk is present if the collision criterion is met at any non-negative estimated future time point, with the minimum threshold representing the remaining time to collision. The framework's proficiency spans from conventional one-dimensional (1D) SSMs to extended multi-dimensional, high-fidelity SSMs. Its validity is corroborated through simulation experiments that assess the precision of the framework when linearization is performed on the vehicle movement model. The outcomes showcase remarkable accuracy in estimating vehicle trajectory evolution and the time remaining before potential collisions occur, comparing to high-accuracy numerical integration solutions. The necessity of higher-dimensional and higher-fidelity SSMs is highlighted through a comparison of conventional 1D SSMs and extended three-dimensional (3D) SSMs. The results showed that using 1D SSMs over 3D SSMs could be off by 300% for Time-to-Collision (TTC) values larger than 1.5 s and about 20% for TTC values below 1.5 s. In other words, conventional 1D SSMs can yield highly inaccurate and unreliable results when assessing collision proximity and substantially misjudge the count of conflicts with predefined threshold (e.g., below 1.5s). Furthermore, the framework's practical application is demonstrated through a case study that actively evaluates all potential conflicts, underscoring its effectiveness in dynamic, real-world traffic situations.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Humanos , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Teóricos , Segurança
10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 275: 116558, 2024 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870833

RESUMO

The aberrant activation of FGFRs plays a critical role in various cancers, leading to the development of several FGFR inhibitors in clinic. However, the emergence of drug resistance, primarily due to gatekeeper mutations in FGFRs, has limited their clinical efficacy. To address the unmet medical need, a series of 5-amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide derivatives were designed and synthesized as novel pan-FGFR covalent inhibitors targeting both wild-type and the gatekeeper mutants. The representative compound 10h demonstrated nanomolar activities against FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR2 V564F gatekeeper mutant in biochemical assays (IC50 = 46, 41, 99, and 62 nM). Moreover, 10h also strongly suppressed the proliferation of NCI-H520 lung cancer cells, SNU-16 and KATO III gastric cancer cells with IC50 values of 19, 59, and 73 nM, respectively. Further X-ray co-crystal structure revealed that 10h irreversibly binds to FGFR1. The study provides a new promising point for anticancer drug development medicated by FGFRs.

11.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 2024 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880816

RESUMO

Porous nickel-titanium (NiTi) manufactured using metal injection molding (MIM) has emerged as an innovative generation of drug-loaded stent materials. However, an increase in NiTi porosity may compromise its mechanical properties and cytocompatibility. This study aims to explore the potential of porous NiTi as a vascular drug delivery material and evaluate the impact of porosity on its drug loading and release, mechanical properties, and cytocompatibility. MIM, combined with the powder space-holder method, was used to fabricate porous NiTi alloys with three porosity levels. The mechanical properties of porous NiTi were assessed, as well as the surface cell growth capability. Furthermore, by loading rapamycin nanoparticles onto the surface and within the pores of porous NiTi, we evaluated the in vitro drug release behavior, inhibitory effect on cell proliferation, and inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia in vivo. The results demonstrated that an increase in porosity led to a decrease in the mechanical properties of porous NiTi, including hardness, tensile strength, and elastic modulus, and a decrease in the surface cell growth capability, affecting both cell proliferation and morphology. Concurrently, the loading capacity and release duration of rapamycin were extended with increasing porosity, resulting in enhanced inhibitory effects on cell proliferation in vitro and inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia in vivo. In conclusion, porous NiTi holds promise as a desirable vascular drug delivery material, but a balanced consideration of the influence of porosity on both mechanical properties and cytocompatibility is necessary to achieve an optimal balance among drug-loading and release performance, mechanical properties, and cytocompatibility.

12.
Vet Microbiol ; 295: 110136, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875877

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the species and abundance of viruses carried by avian species in live poultry markets. In 2022, we collected 196 bird samples from two representative live poultry markets in Guangdong, China, of which 147 were randomly selected for metatranscriptome sequencing to construct a metatranscriptome library. This analysis yielded 17 viral families. Statistical analysis of the virus abundance of the six libraries showed that Picornaviridae, Retroviridae, Coronaviridae, and Othomyxoviridae were more abundant in the J1, J2, and J3 libraries, and Coronaviridae, Retroviridae, and Faviviridae were more abundant in the Y1, Y2, and E1 libraries. Finally, samples were screened using nested PCR and three viruses were identified. The positive results combined with high-throughput sequencing abundance data showed a positive correlation between virus abundance and the number of positive samples. This study provides scientific data to support the diagnosis and prevention of avian viral diseases.

13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13393, 2024 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862634

RESUMO

To investigate the factors that influence readmissions in patients with acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by using multiple machine learning (ML) methods to establish a predictive model. In this study, 1576 NSTEMI patients who were hospitalized at the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College were selected as the research subjects. They were divided into two groups: the readmitted group and the non-readmitted group. The division was based on whether the patients experienced complications or another incident of myocardial infarction within one year after undergoing PCI. Common variables selected by univariate and multivariate logistic regression, LASSO regression, and random forest were used as independent influencing factors for NSTEMI patients' readmissions after PCI. Six different ML models were constructed using these common variables. The area under the ROC curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were used to evaluate the performance of the six ML models. Finally, the optimal model was selected, and a nomogram was created to visually represent its clinical effectiveness. Three different methods were used to select seven representative common variables. These variables were then utilized to construct six different ML models, which were subsequently compared. The findings indicated that the LR model exhibited the most optimal performance in terms of AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The outcome, admission mode (walking and non-walking), communication ability, CRP, TC, HDL, and LDL were identified as independent predicators of readmissions in NSTEMI patients after PCI. The prediction model constructed by the LR algorithm was the best. The established column graph model established proved to be effective in identifying high-risk groups with high accuracy and differentiation. It holds a specific predictive value for the occurrence of readmissions after direct PCI in NSTEMI patients.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Readmissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco/métodos , Curva ROC
14.
Expert Opin Drug Discov ; : 1-15, 2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825802

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hydrophobic tagging (HyT) technology presents a distinct therapeutic strategy diverging from conventional small molecule drugs, providing an innovative approach to drug design. This review aims to provide an overview of the HyT literature and future outlook to offer guidance for drug design. AREAS COVERED: In this review, the authors introduce the composition, mechanisms and advantages of HyT technology, as well as summarize the detailed applications of HyT technology in anti-cancer, neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), autoimmune disorders, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and other fields. Furthermore, this review discusses key aspects of the future development of HyT molecules. EXPERT OPINION: HyT emerges as a highly promising targeted protein degradation (TPD) strategy, following the successful development of proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTAC) and molecular glue. Based on exploring new avenues, modification of the HyT molecule itself potentially enhances the technology. Improved synthetic pathways and emphasis on pharmacokinetic (PK) properties will facilitate the development of HyT. Furthermore, elucidating the biochemical basis by which the compound's hydrophobic moiety recruits the protein homeostasis network will enable the development of more precise assays that can guide the optimization of the linker and hydrophobic moiety.

15.
Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis ; 16(1): e2024036, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38882453

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors of haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the treatment of X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome. Seven children with X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome diagnosed by XIAP gene analysis were enrolled. The conditioning regimens were tolerated in all seven patients, and the median time of neutrophil engraftment was 10 days (8-13 days), and that of platelet engraftment was 21 days (14-24 days). STR-PCR analysis on the peripheral blood cells showed complete donor origins. Four cases developed Grade I acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), one developed Grade III aGVHD (intestinal tract), and two cases had limited chronic GVHD. Four cases had cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation, and two cases had Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation. One case was diagnosed as pneumocystosis, and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) occurred in three cases. During the follow-up period (median time of 42 months), one patient died of TMA and six patients survived. Statistical analysis showed that the status of disease remission and the positive result of virus in blood before transplantation were independent prognostic factors. Haplo-HSCT might be a curative option for children with refractory X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome. Low-intensity conditioning regimens may reduce transplant-related mortality and improve overall survival.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 270(Pt 2): 132459, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763254

RESUMO

Nuclear receptors (NRs) are ligand-regulated transcription factors that are important for the normal growth and development of insects. However, systematic function analysis of NRs in the molting process of Lasioderma serricorne has not been reported. In this study, we identified and characterized 16 NR genes from L. serricorne. Spatiotemporal expression analysis revealed that six NRs were mainly expressed in 3-d-old 4th-instar larvae; five NRs were primarily expressed in 5-d-old adults and four NRs were predominately expressed in prepupae. All the NRs were highly expressed in epidermis, fat body and foregut. RNA interference (RNAi) experiments revealed that knockdown of 15 NRs disrupted the larva-pupa-adult transitions and caused 64.44-100 % mortality. Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that depletion of 12 NRs prevented the formation of new cuticle and disrupted apolysis of old cuticle. Silencing of LsHR96, LsSVP and LsE78 led to newly formed cuticle that was thinner than the controls. The 20E titer and chitin content significantly decreased by 17.67-95.12 % after 15 NR dsRNA injection and the gene expression levels of 20E synthesis genes and chitin metabolism genes were significantly reduced. These results demonstrated that 15 NR genes are essential for normal molting and metamorphosis of L. serricorne by regulating 20E synthesis and chitin metabolism.


Assuntos
Besouros , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Metamorfose Biológica , Muda , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares , Animais , Muda/genética , Metamorfose Biológica/genética , Besouros/genética , Besouros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Besouros/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Larva/genética , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Quitina/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Filogenia , Ecdisterona/metabolismo
17.
Environ Pollut ; 356: 124252, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38815886

RESUMO

Epidemiological evidence showed that serum high perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) levels are associated with multiple eye related diseases, but the potential underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Zebrafish and photoreceptor cell (661w) models were used to investigate the molecular mechanism of PFOS induced eye development defects. Our results showed a novel molecular mechanism of PFOS-induced inflammation response-mediated photoreceptor cell death associated with eye development defects. Inhibition of Caspase-8 activation significantly decreased photoreceptor cell death in PFOS exposure. Mechanistically, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) mediates activation of Caspase-8 promote activation of NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome to elicit maturation of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) via Caspase-1 activation, facilitating photoreceptor cell inflammation damage in PFOS exposure. In addition, we also made a novel finding that Caspase-3 activation was increased via Caspase-8 activation and directly intensified cell death. Our results show the important role of Caspase-8 activation in PFOS induced eye development defects and highlight Caspase-8 mediated activation of the NLRP3 inflammation triggers activation of Caspase-1 and promote the maturation of IL-1ß in retinal inflammatory injury.

18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 272: 116473, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718625

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) represents an appealing therapeutic target for multiple cancers, yet no selective FGFR2 inhibitors have been approved for clinical use to date. Here, we report the discovery of a series of new selective, irreversible FGFR2 inhibitors. The representative compound LHQ490 potently inhibited FGFR2 kinase activity with an IC50 of 5.2 nM, and was >61-, >34-, and >293-fold selective against FGFR1, FGFR3, and FGFR4, respectively. LHQ490 also exhibited high selectivity in a panel of 416 kinases. Cell-based studies revealed that LHQ490 efficiently suppressed the proliferation of BaF3-FGFR2 cells with an IC50 value of 1.4 nM, and displayed >70- and >714-fold selectivity against BaF3-FGFR1 and the parental BaF3 cells, respectively. More importantly, LHQ490 potently suppressed the FGFR2 signaling pathways, selectively inhibited FGFR2-driven cancer cell proliferation, and induced apoptosis of FGFR2-driven cancer cells. Taken together, this study provides a potent and highly selective FGFR2 inhibitor for further development of FGFR2-targeted therapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estrutura Molecular , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
19.
Adv Mater ; : e2403791, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38780429

RESUMO

Self-powered wearable devices with integrated energy supply module and sensitive sensors have significantly blossomed for continuous monitoring of human activity and the surrounding environment in healthcare sectors. The emerging of MXene-based materials has brought research upsurge in the fields of energy and electronics, owing to their excellent electrochemical performance, large surface area, superior mechanical performance, and tunable interfacial properties, where their performance can be further boosted via multi-interface engineering. Herein, a comprehensive review of recent progress in MXenes for self-powered wearable devices is discussed from the aspects of multi-interface engineering. The fundamental properties of MXenes including electronic, mechanical, optical, and thermal characteristics are discussed in detail. Different from previous review works on MXenes, multi-interface engineering of MXenes from termination regulation to surface modification and their impact on the performance of materials and energy storage/conversion devices are summarized. Based on the interfacial manipulation strategies, potential applications of MXene-based self-powered wearable devices are outlined. Finally, proposals and perspectives are provided on the current challenges and future directions in MXene-based self-powered wearable devices.

20.
Nat Biotechnol ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744947

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy with autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells faces challenges in manufacturing and patient selection that could be avoided by using 'off-the-shelf' products, such as allogeneic CAR natural killer T (AlloCAR-NKT) cells. Previously, we reported a system for differentiating human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells into AlloCAR-NKT cells, but the use of three-dimensional culture and xenogeneic feeders precluded its clinical application. Here we describe a clinically guided method to differentiate and expand IL-15-enhanced AlloCAR-NKT cells with high yield and purity. We generated AlloCAR-NKT cells targeting seven cancers and, in a multiple myeloma model, demonstrated their antitumor efficacy, expansion and persistence. The cells also selectively depleted immunosuppressive cells in the tumor microenviroment and antagonized tumor immune evasion via triple targeting of CAR, TCR and NK receptors. They exhibited a stable hypoimmunogenic phenotype associated with epigenetic and signaling regulation and did not induce detectable graft versus host disease or cytokine release syndrome. These properties of AlloCAR-NKT cells support their potential for clinical translation.

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