Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.590
Filtrar
1.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1338922, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426100

RESUMO

This review explores the mechanisms of chronic radiation-induced skin injury fibrosis, focusing on the transition from acute radiation damage to a chronic fibrotic state. It reviewed the cellular and molecular responses of the skin to radiation, highlighting the role of myofibroblasts and the significant impact of Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-ß) in promoting fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transformation. The review delves into the epigenetic regulation of fibrotic gene expression, the contribution of extracellular matrix proteins to the fibrotic microenvironment, and the regulation of the immune system in the context of fibrosis. Additionally, it discusses the potential of biomaterials and artificial intelligence in medical research to advance the understanding and treatment of radiation-induced skin fibrosis, suggesting future directions involving bioinformatics and personalized therapeutic strategies to enhance patient quality of life.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dynamic total-body imaging enables new perspectives to investigate the potential relationship between the central and peripheral regions. Employing uEXPLORER dynamic [11C]CFT PET/CT imaging with voxel-wise simplified reference tissue model (SRTM) kinetic modeling and semi-quantitative measures, we explored how the correlation pattern between nigrostriatal and digestive regions differed between the healthy participants as controls (HC) and patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Eleven participants (six HCs and five PDs) underwent 75-min dynamic [11C]CFT scans on a total-body PET/CT scanner (uEXPLORER, United Imaging Healthcare) were retrospectively enrolled. Time activity curves for four nigrostriatal nuclei (caudate, putamen, pallidum, and substantia nigra) and three digestive organs (pancreas, stomach, and duodenum) were obtained. Total-body parametric images of relative transporter rate constant (R1) and distribution volume ratio (DVR) were generated using the SRTM with occipital lobe as the reference tissue and a linear regression with spatial-constraint algorithm. Standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) at early (1-3 min, SUVREP) and late (60-75 min, SUVRLP) phases were calculated as the semi-quantitative substitutes for R1 and DVR, respectively. RESULTS: Significant differences in estimates between the HC and PD groups were identified in DVR and SUVRLP of putamen (DVR: 4.82 ± 1.58 vs. 2.58 ± 0.53; SUVRLP: 4.65 ± 1.36 vs. 2.84 ± 0.67; for HC and PD, respectively, both p < 0.05) and SUVREP of stomach (1.12 ± 0.27 vs. 2.27 ± 0.65 for HC and PD, respectively; p < 0.01). In the HC group, negative correlations were observed between stomach and substantia nigra in both the R1 and SUVREP values (r=-0.83, p < 0.05 for R1; r=-0.94, p < 0.01 for SUVREP). Positive correlations were identified between pancreas and putamen in both DVR and SUVRLP values (r = 0.94, p < 0.01 for DVR; r = 1.00, p < 0.001 for SUVRLP). By contrast, in the PD group, no correlations were found between the aforementioned target nigrostriatal and digestive areas. CONCLUSIONS: The parametric images of R1 and DVR generated from the SRTM model, along with SUVREP and SUVRLP, were proposed to quantify dynamic total-body [11C]CFT PET/CT in HC and PD groups. The distinction in correlation patterns of nigrostriatal and digestive regions between HC and PD groups identified by R1 and DVR, or SUVRs, may provide new insights into the disease mechanism.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4799, 2024 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413690

RESUMO

Research on amateur mountaineers is scarce, and this study aims to delve into the emotional experiences of ten amateur mountaineers during their ascent using the "Befindlichkeitsskala" (BFS) and Lake Louise Acute Mountain Sickness scoring system (LLS). These subjects were exposed to altitudes of 3140 m, 4300 m, and 5276 m, respectively. We found that LLS scores were negatively correlated with positive emotions (ß = -27.54, p < 0.05) and positively correlated with negative emotions (ß = 21.97, p < 0.05). At an altitude of 4300 m, individuals with AMS exhibited significant differences in depression, anger, excitement, and inactivity compared to climbers without AMS. Upon returning to 3140 m after completing the climb, significant differences were observed in emotions such as happiness, calmness, anger, excitement, and depression. Throughout the three-day climb, noteworthy differences emerged in activity, happiness, calmness, inactivity, positive emotions (p < 0.01), negative emotions, and overall emotional scores (p < 0.05). Our study suggests a decline in the emotional well-being of amateur climbers with increasing altitude, highlighting AMS as a pivotal predictive factor for emotional experiences while climbing.


Assuntos
Doença da Altitude , Humanos , Doença da Altitude/psicologia , Doença Aguda , Altitude , Emoções , Felicidade
4.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(3)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337783

RESUMO

Retinal vessels have been good predictive and prognostic imaging biomarkers for systemic or eye diseases. Numerous studies have shown that the two retinal vein occlusion entities may correlate with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events or primary open-angle glaucoma. This study aims to investigate if there is a disparity in the correlations between branch RVO (BRVO) and central RVO (CRVO) with systemic disorders or POAG, thus explaining the pathogenic difference between BRVO and CRVO. This retrospective case-control study enrolled 59 RVO subjects (118 eyes), including 25 CRVO and 34 BRVO subjects, who received routine eye and brain MRI examinations. The geometric characteristics of the caliber of the retinal and cerebral blood vessels and the optic nerve subarachnoid space width (ONSASW) were measured. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that ONSASW at 3 mm behind the globe (p = 0.044) and the relative retinal venular calibers (p = 0.031) were independent risk factors for the CRVO-affected eyes group in comparison with the BRVO-affected eyes group after adjusting for age, duration of hypertension, BMI, and IOP. In the CRVO-affected eyes, narrower relative retinal arteriolar calibers (p = 0.041) and wider relative venular calibers (p = 0.011) were independent risk factors compared with the CRVO-contralateral normal eyes when adjusting for IOP. We concluded that BRVO may be more associated with cerebrovascular diseases, and CRVO may be correlated with primary angle glaucoma. The geometric characteristics difference between the retinal and cerebrovascular may explain the pathological difference between CRVO and BRVO.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 261(Pt 2): 129862, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309409

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a long-term degenerative condition of the joints that is characterized by the breakdown of cartilage and inflammation of the synovial membrane. The presence of an inflammatory microenvironment and the degradation of the extracellular matrix produced by chondrocytes leads to the aggravation of cartilage injury, hindering the treatment of osteoarthritis. A promising approach to address this issue is to apply a combined strategy that is sensitive to the specific conditions in osteoarthritic joints and possesses properties that can reduce inflammation and promote cartilage healing. Here, inspired by the structure of chocolate-covered peanuts, we developed an injectable, environment-responsive bilayer hydrogel microsphere using microfluidics technology. The microsphere applied chondroitin sulfate methacryloyl (ChsMA) as its core and was coated with a methacryloyl gelatin (GelMA) shell that was loaded with celecoxib (CLX) liposomes (ChsMA+CLX@Lipo@GelMA). CLX was released from the liposomes when the GelMA shell rapidly degraded in response to the osteoarthritic microenvironment and suppressed the generation of inflammatory agents, demonstrating a beneficial impact of the outer shell in reducing inflammation. While the inner methacryloyl microsphere core degraded, chondroitin sulfate was released to promote chondrocyte anabolism and facilitate cartilage repair. Thus, the synthesized bilayer hydrogel microspheres hold great potential for treating osteoarthritis.

6.
Opt Express ; 32(3): 3157-3166, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297543

RESUMO

Photonic skyrmions have been a hot topic in recent years. However, modulating the spin distributions of the skyrmions is still a challenging topic. In this paper, we investigate the detailed spin distributions of photonic skyrmions in thin metal film sandwiched by different dielectrics. We find that the ratios of different spin components can be adjusted by the thickness of the metal film, while the absolute value of total spin can be controlled by the frequency of the light source. Therefore, by choosing proper metal thickness in the preparation process and certain beam frequency in actual experiment, we can get the exact type of spin distribution we prefer. In addition, when the dielectric layers are arranged asymmetrically, the spin distributions can also be modulated significantly by adjustig the ratio of the dielectric constants of the upper and lower dielectric layers. Our results provide a new pathway for the modulation of photonic skyrmions.

7.
Toxicol Sci ; 2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310363

RESUMO

Increasing environmental genotoxic chemicals have been shown to induce epigenetic alterations. However, the interaction between genetics and epigenetics in chemical carcinogenesis is still not fully understood. Here, we constructed an in vitro human lung carcinogenesis model (16HBE-T) by treating human bronchial epithelial cells with a typical significant carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). We identified a novel circular RNA, circ0087385, which was overexpressed in 16HBE-T and human lung cancer cell lines, as well as in lung cancer tissues and serum exosomes from lung cancer patients. The upregulated circ0087385 after exposure to BaP promoted DNA damage in the early stage of chemical carcinogenesis and affected the cell cycle, proliferation, and apoptosis of the malignantly transformed cells. Overexpression of circ0087385 enhanced the expression of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), which is crucial for metabolically activating BaP. Interfering with circ0087385 or CYP1A1 reduced the levels of ultimate carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) and BPDE-DNA adducts. Interfering with CYP1A1 partially reversed the DNA damage induced by high expression of circ0087385, as well as decreased the level of BPDE and BPDE-DNA adducts. These findings provide novel insights into the interaction between epigenetics and genetics in chemical carcinogenesis which are crucial for understanding the epigenetic and genetic toxicity of chemicals.

8.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113946, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309871

RESUMO

Chemical hazards in foods, especially naturally occurring food contaminants like mycotoxins, are of serious public health concern. It is important to develop a practical framework to assess and rank health risks of chemical contaminants which can be further utilized by regulatory agencies to prioritize resources for risk assessment and management. In this study, a tiered hazard-prioritization and risk-ranking approach, which included two steps: exposure-based screening and margin of exposure (MOE)-based probabilistic risk ranking; was proposed to efficiently identify and rank chemicals of health concerns. Given the exposure-based hazard prioritization, chemicals with negligible or low health risks were first excluded. The remaining chemicals, imposing a higher health risk, were then ranked to facilitate risk-based decision making. The proposed approach was applied to identify and rank the mycotoxins with substantial health concerns in food commodities randomly sampled in China. A total of 19 mycotoxins were analyzed in 783 food commodities, including infant cookie, noodle, rice flour samples, wheat flour, millet, and rice. Results showed that the mycotoxins in infant foods with the highest health risk were Tenuazonic acid, Deoxynivalenol, and Enniatin B1, but as indicated by the probabilistic MOE estimation, the risks were still in the acceptable range and generally lower than the risks imposed by trace elements (e.g., Arsenic and Cadmium). The health risks of the other 16 mycotoxins were negligible mainly due to their low exposure levels. This study demonstrated that the proposed tiered approach was an efficient and effective tool to quantify and prioritize health risks in support of human health risk management.


Assuntos
Micotoxinas , Lactente , Humanos , Micotoxinas/análise , Farinha , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Triticum , Medição de Risco/métodos
9.
Small ; : e2310465, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366001

RESUMO

The modification of metal oxides with noble metals is one of the most effective means of improving gas-sensing performance of chemiresistors, but it is often accompanied by unintended side effects such as sensor resistance increases up to unmeasurable levels. Herein, a carbonization-oxidation method is demonstrated using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique to realize platinum (Pt) single atom (SA) substitutional doping into SnO2 (named PtSA-SnO2 ). The substitutional doping strategy can obviously enhance gas-sensing properties, and meanwhile decrease sensor resistance by two orders of magnitude (decreased from ≈850 to ≈2 MΩ), which are attributed to the tuning of band gap and fermi-level position, efficient single atom catalysis, and the raising of adsorption capability of formaldehyde, as validated by the state-of-the-art characterizations, such as spherical aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (Cs -corrected STEM), in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transformed spectra (in situ DRIFT), CO temperature-programmed reduction (CO-TPR), and theoretical calculations. As a proof of concept, the developed PtSA-SnO2 sensor shows humidity-independent (30-70% relative humidity) gas-sensing performance in the selective detection of formaldehyde with high response, distinguishable selectivity (8< Sformaldehyde /Sinterferant <14), and ultra-low detection limit (10 ppb). This work presents a generalized and facile method to design high-performance metal oxides for chemical sensing of volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

10.
EJNMMI Phys ; 11(1): 17, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional PET/CT imaging reconstruction is typically performed using voxel size of 3.0-4.0 mm in three axes. It is hypothesized that a smaller voxel sizes could improve the accuracy of small lesion detection. This study aims to explore the advantages and conditions of small voxel imaging on clinical application. METHODS: Both NEMA IQ phantom and 30 patients with an injected dose of 3.7 MBq/kg were scanned using a total-body PET/CT (uEXPLORER). Images were reconstructed using matrices of 192 × 192, 512 × 512, and 1024 × 1024 with scanning duration of 3 min, 5 min, 8 min, and 10 min, respectively. RESULTS: In the phantom study, the contrast recovery coefficient reached the maximum in matrix group of 512 × 512, and background variability increased as voxel size decreased. In the clinical study, SUVmax, SD, and TLR increased, while SNR decreased as the voxel size decreased. When the scanning duration increased, SNR increased, while SUVmax, SD, and TLR decreased. The SUVmean was more reluctant to the changes in imaging matrix and scanning duration. The mean subjective scores for all 512 × 512 groups and 1024 × 1024 groups (scanning duration ≥ 8 min) were over three points. One false-positive lesion was found in groups of 512 × 512 with scanning duration of 3 min, 1024 × 1024 with 3 min and 5 min, respectively. Meanwhile, the false-negative lesions found in group of 192 × 192 with duration of 3 min and 5 min, 512 × 512 with 3 min and 1024 × 1024 with 3 min and 5 min were 5, 4, 1, 4, and 1, respectively. The reconstruction time and storage space occupation were significantly increased as the imaging matrix increased. CONCLUSIONS: PET/CT imaging with smaller voxel can improve SUVmax and TLR of lesions, which is advantageous for the diagnosis of small or hypometabolic lesions if with sufficient counts. With an 18F-FDG injection dose of 3.7 MBq/kg, uEXPLORER PET/CT imaging using matrix of 512 × 512 with 5 min or 1024 × 1024 with 8 min can meet the image requirements for clinical use.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363672

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) can regulate biological functions by interacting with specific RNAs, and play an important role in many life activities. Therefore, the rapid identification of RNA-protein binding sites is crucial for functional annotation and site-directed mutagenesis. In this work, a new parallel network that integrates the multi-head attention mechanism and the expectation pooling is proposed, named MAHyNet. The left-branch network of MAHyNet hybrids convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and gated recurrent neural network (GRU) to extract the features of one-hot. The right-branch network is a two-layer CNN network to analyze physicochemical properties of RNA base. Specifically, the multi-head attention mechanism is a computational collection of multiple independent layers of attention, which can extract feature information from multiple dimensions. The expectation pooling combines probabilistic thinking with global pooling. This approach helps to reduce model parameters and enhance the model performance. The combination of CNN and GRU enables further extraction of high-level features in sequences. In addition, the study shows that appropriate hyperparameters have a positive impact on the model performance. Physicochemical properties can be used to supplement characterization information to improving model performance. The experimental results show that MAHyNet has better performance than other models. The source code and data are available at https://github.com/HNUBioinformatics/MAHyNet.

12.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 100: 117631, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330848

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common type of blood cancer and has been strongly correlated with the overexpression of Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), a member of the class III receptor tyrosine kinase family. With the emergence of FLT3 internal tandem duplication alteration (ITD) and tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations, the development of FLT3 small molecule inhibitors has become an effective medicinal chemistry strategy for AML. Herein, we have designed and synthesized two series of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine derivatives CM1-CM24, as FLT3 inhibitors based on F14, which we previously reported, that can target the hydrophobic FLT3 back pocket. Among these derivates, CM5 showed significant inhibition of FLT3 and FLT3-ITD, with inhibitory percentages of 57.72 % and 53.77 % respectively at the concentration of 1 µΜ. Furthermore, CM5 demonstrated potent inhibition against FLT3-dependent human AML cell lines MOLM-13 and MV4-11 (both harboring FLT3-ITD mutant), with IC50 values of 0.75 µM and 0.64 µM respectively. In our cellular mechanistic studies, CM5 also effectively induces apoptosis by arresting cell cycle progression in the G0/G1 phase. In addition, the amide and urea linker function were discussed in detail based on computational simulations studies. CM5 will serve as a novel lead compound for further structural modification and development of FLT3 inhibitors specifically targeting AML with FLT3-ITD mutations.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms , Humanos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridinas/farmacologia
13.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386580

RESUMO

Full quantification of brain PET requires the blood input function (IF), which is traditionally achieved through an invasive and time-consuming arterial catheter procedure, making it unfeasible for clinical routine. This study presents a deep learning based method to estimate the input function (DLIF) for a dynamic brain FDG scan. A long short-term memory combined with a fully connected network was used. The dataset for training was generated from 85 total-body dynamic scans obtained on a uEXPLORER scanner. Time-activity curves from 8 brain regions and the carotid served as the input of the model, and labelled IF was generated from the ascending aorta defined on CT image. We emphasize the goodness-of-fitting of kinetic modeling as an additional physical loss to reduce the bias and the need for large training samples. DLIF was evaluated together with existing methods in terms of RMSE, area under the curve, regional and parametric image quantifications. The results revealed that the proposed model can generate IFs that closer to the reference ones in terms of shape and amplitude compared with the IFs generated using existing methods. All regional kinetic parameters calculated using DLIF agreed with reference values, with the correlation coefficient being 0.961 (0.913) and relative bias being 1.68±8.74% (0.37±4.93%) for Ki (K1). In terms of the visual appearance and quantification, parametric images were also highly identical to the reference images. In conclusion, our experiments indicate that a trained model can infer an image-derived IF from dynamic brain PET data, which enables subsequent reliable kinetic modeling.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111669, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) inhibitors on complement component 4 (C4) serum levels in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: A total of 423 patients diagnosed with IgAN at Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital, China, between 1 January 2017 and 31 December 2021 were divided into two groups, a RAAS inhibitor group and a non-RAAS inhibitor group, for comparative analysis. RESULTS: The RAAS inhibitor group exhibited significantly increased C4 and eGFR levels and had a higher proportion of patients with hypertension compared with the non-RAAS inhibitor group. Serum C4 levels were positively correlated with 24-hour urine protein, serum C3 levels and blood uric acid levels but negatively correlated with eGFR levels. In addition, serum C4 levels were positively correlated with the severity of mesangial hypercellularity and interstitial/tubular injury. Through prognostic analysis, serum C4 was identified as an independent risk factor for the progression of IgAN. CONCLUSION: Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system inhibitors can increase serum C4 levels in patients with IgAN and may represent an independent risk factor for disease progression.

15.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26021, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375312

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to explore the potential of full dynamic PET kinetic analysis in assessing amyloid binding and perfusion in the cardiac region using 18F-Florbetapir PET, establishing a quantitative approach in the clinical assessment of cardiac amyloidosis disease. Materials & methods: The distribution volume ratios (DVRs) and the relative transport rate constant (R1), were estimated by a pseudo-simplified reference tissue model (pSRTM2) and pseudo-Logan plot (pLogan plot) with kidney reference for the region of interest-based and voxel-wise-based analyses. The parametric images generated using the pSRTM2 and linear regression with spatially constrained (LRSC) algorithm were then evaluated. Semi-quantitative analyses include standardized uptake value ratios at the early phase (SUVREP, 0.5-5 min) and late phase (SUVRLP, 50-60 min) were also calculated. Results: Ten participants [7 healthy controls (HC) and 3 cardiac amyloidosis (CA) subjects] underwent a 60-min dynamic 18F-Florbetapir PET scan. The DVRs estimated from pSRTM2 and Logan plot were significantly increased (HC vs CA; DVRpSRTM2: 0.95 ± 0.11 vs 2.77 ± 0.42, t'(2.13) = 7.39, P = 0.015; DVRLogan: 0.80 ± 0.12 vs 2.90 ± 0.55, t'(2.08) = 6.56, P = 0.020), and R1 were remarkably decreased in CA groups, as compared to HCs (HC vs CA; 1.08 ± 0.37 vs 0.56 ± 0.10, t'(7.63) = 3.38, P = 0.010). The SUVREP and SUVRLP were highly correlated to R1 (r = 0.97, P < 0.001) and DVR(r = 0.99, P < 0.001), respectively. The DVRs in the total myocardium region increased slightly as the size of FWHM increased and became stable at a Gaussian filter ≥6 mm. The secular equilibrium of SUVR was reached at around 50-min p.i. time. Conclusion: The DVR and R1 estimated from cardiac dynamic 18F-Florbetapir PET using pSRTM with kidney pseudo-reference tissue are suggested to quantify cardiac amyloid deposition and relative perfusion, respectively, in amyloidosis patients and healthy controls. We recommend a dual-phase scan: 0.5-5 min and 50-60 min p.i. as the appropriate time window for clinically assessing cardiac amyloidosis and perfusion measurements using 18F-Florbetapir PET.

16.
Cytokine ; 176: 156532, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330638

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. We aim here to determine the soluble programmed death ligand-1 (sPD-L1) and soluble programmed death ligand-2 (sPD-L2) levels in the plasma of patients with lung cancer and evaluate the clinical significance. METHODS: Plasma samples from 95 lung cancer patients and 55 healthy donors were collected, and the sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 levels were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The correlations of the plasma sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 levels with clinicopathological status and survival of the patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 levels in plasma of lung cancer patients were 713.8 (240.6-3815) pg/ mL and 3233(1122-13955) pg/ mL, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the health donors 618.6 (189.1-1149) pg/ mL and 2182 (1133-3471) pg/ mL, and the plasma levels of sPD-L1 are correlated with sPD-L2. ROC results showed that both sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 were potential biomarker for lung cancer, and with a higher accuracy level when combined with CEA. Patients with Higher plasma sPD-L1 level (>713.75 pg/ mL) are associated with poor overall survival in advanced lung cancer patients (197 days vs 643 days). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 could be used as adjunctive diagnostic, High level of plasma sPD-L1 rather than sPD-L2 is associated with poor prognosis in lung cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Relevância Clínica , Ligantes
17.
Ren Fail ; 46(1): 2319326, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379319

RESUMO

To investigate the potential clinical value of urinary exosomal (uE) miR-451a as a biomarker for IgAN, urinary exosomes were isolated from 40 patients with IgAN, 30 patients with primary renal diseases without IgA as disease controls (non-IgAN group) and 21 healthy controls (HCs). The expression of miR-451a within exosomes was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). uE miR-451a was significantly upregulated in patients with IgAN compared to non-IgAN and HCs. The uE miR-451a level was positively correlated with the change in eGFR and negatively correlated with serum creatinine, urinary macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α). A dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed that MIF was a direct target of miR-451a. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that the expression of uE miR-451a showed potential diagnostic value for IgAN. Additionally, the uE miR-451a level could distinguish patients with IgAN with mild tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis from those with severe tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis. After a mean follow-up of 14.2 months, the levels of eGFR loss (ml/min/1.73 m2/year) were negatively correlated with baseline miR-451a. The levels of baseline miR-451a in the complete remission group were significantly higher than those in the non-complete remission group. uE miR-451a expression was significantly elevated in patients with IgA nephropathy and may serve as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of IgAN and evaluation of tubulointerstitial damage, while the baseline levels of uE miR-451a may be predictors of therapeutic efficacy and disease progression.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Atrofia , Biomarcadores/urina , Fibrose , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/diagnóstico , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/genética , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , MicroRNAs/urina , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(4)2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400353

RESUMO

To improve the adaptability of aerial reflective opto-mechanical structures (mainly including the primary mirror and secondary mirror) to low-temperature environments, typically below -40 °C, an optimized thermal control design, which includes passive insulation and temperature-negative feedback-variable power zone active heating, is proposed. Firstly, the relationship between conventional heating methods and the axial/radial temperature differences of mirrors with different shapes is analyzed. Based on the heat transfer analyses, it is pointed out that optimized thermal control design is necessary to ensure the temperature uniformity of the fused silica mirror, taking into account the temperature level when the aerial electro-optics system is working in low-temperature environments. By adjusting the input voltage based on the measured temperature, the heating power of the subregion is changed accordingly, so as to locally increase or decrease the temperature of the mirrors. The thermal control scheme ensures that the average temperature of the mirror fluctuates slowly and slightly around 20 °C. At the same time, the temperature differences within a mirror and between the primary mirror and the secondary mirror can be controlled within 5 °C. Thereby, the resolution of EO decreases by no more than 11.4%.

19.
EJNMMI Res ; 14(1): 21, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET) plays a crucial part in the evaluation for pediatric epileptic patients prior to therapy. Short-term scanning holds significant importance, especially for pediatrics epileptic individuals who exhibited involuntary movements. The aim was to evaluate the effects of short acquisition time on image quality and lesion detectability in pediatric epileptic patients using total-body (TB) PET/CT. A total of 25 pediatric patients who underwent TB PET/CT using uEXPLORER scanner with an 18F-FDG administered dose of 3.7 MBq/kg and an acquisition time of 600 s were retrospectively enrolled. Short acquisition times (60 s, 150 and 300 s) were simulated by truncating PET data in list mode to reduce count density. Subjective image quality was scored on a 5-point scale. Regions of interest analysis of suspected epileptogenic zones (EZs), corresponding locations contralateral to EZs, and healthy cerebellar cortex were used to compare the semi-quantitative uptake indices of short-time images and then were compared with 600 s images. The comparison of EZs detectability based on time-dependent PET images was performed. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that a short acquisition time of 150 s is sufficient to maintain subjective image quality and lesion significance. Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference in subjective PET image quality between imaging at 300 s and 150 s (P > 0.05). The overall impression scores of image quality and lesion conspicuity in G60s were both greater than 3 (overall quality, 3.21 ± 0.46; lesion conspicuity, 4.08 ± 0.74). As acquisition time decreased, the changes of SUVmax and SD in the cerebellar cortex gradually increased (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in asymmetry index (AI) difference between the groups and the AIs of EZs were > 15% in all groups. In 26 EZs of 25 patients, the lesion detection rate was still 100% when the time was reduced to 60 s. CONCLUSIONS: This study proposed that TB PET/CT acquisition time could be reduced to 60 s with acceptable lesion detectability. Furthermore, it was suggested that a 150 s acquisition time would be sufficient to achieve diagnostic performance and image quality for children with epilepsy.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 917: 170200, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296065

RESUMO

Ultraviolet (UV) light is widely used for wastewater disinfection. Traditional electrode-excited UV lamps, such as low-pressure mercy lamps (LPUV), encounter drawbacks like electrode aging and rapid light attenuation. A novel UV source of microwave discharge electrodeless lamp (MDEL) has aroused attention, yet its disinfection performance is unclear and still far from practical application. Here, we successfully developed a complete piece of equipment based on MDELs and achieved the application for disinfection in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The light emitted by an MDEL (MWUV) shared a spectrum similar to that of LPUV, with the main emission wavelength at 254 nm. The inactivation rate of Gram-negative E. coli by MWUV reached 4.5 log at an intensity of 1.6 mW/cm2 and a dose of 20 mJ/cm2. For Gram-positive B. subtilis, an MWUV dose of 50 mJ/cm2 and a light intensity of 1.2 mW/cm2 reached an inactivation rate of 3.4 log. A higher MWUV intensity led to a better disinfection effect and a lower photoreactivation rate of E. coli. When inactivated by MWUV with an intensity of 1.2 mW/cm2 and a dose of 16 mJ/cm2, the maximum photoreactivation rate and reactivation rate constant Kmax of E. coli were 0.63 % and 0.11 % h-1 respectively. Compared with the photoreactivation, the dark repair of E. coli was insignificant. The full-scale application of the MDEL equipment was conducted in two WWTPs (10,000 m3/d and 15,000 m3/d). Generally 2-3 log inactivation rates of fecal coliforms in secondary effluent were achieved within 5-6 s contact time, and the disinfected effluent met the emission standard (1000 CFU/L). This study successfully applied MDEL for disinfection in WWTPs for the first time and demonstrated that MDEL has broad application prospects.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Águas Residuárias , Escherichia coli , Raios Ultravioleta , Micro-Ondas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...