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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 919: 170862, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350571

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as common precursors of ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5), are a focus of air pollution prevention and control. Furthermore, with the rapid development of industry, industrial sources have become the largest source of anthropogenic VOCs emissions, leading to economic development while causing great harm to the environment. It is becoming meaningful to efficiently predict the future total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) pollution conditions in chemical industrial parks (CIPs), which can assist managers in carrying out corporate emission management in advance. In this study, TVOC monitoring data and meteorological data from January 1, 2022, to December 31, 2022, were used to innovatively construct the TVOC pollution index. This index comprehensively considers the atmospheric stability and localized horizontal diffusion conditions and can quickly and accurately predict the variations in the TVOC in a CIP in the next 7 days. In addition, we used synoptic weather patterns and backward trajectory analysis to explore the mechanism of VOCs pollution formation in a CIP. The results show that the combined influences of a westerly wind pattern, temperatures above 30 °C, a subtropical high pressure system, more upwind pollutants, and the horizontal and vertical diffusion conditions in the CIP were unfavorable, leading to VOCs pollution.

2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1332346, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322122

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and body composition based on magnetic resonance fat fraction (FF) mapping. Methods: A total of 341 subjects, who underwent abdominal MRI examination with FF mapping were enrolled in this study, including 68 T2DM patients and 273 non-T2DM patients. The FFs and areas of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and abdominal muscle (AM) were measured at the level of the L1-L2 vertebral. The FF of bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) was determined by the averaged FF values measured at the level of T12 and L1 vertebral, respectively. The whole hepatic fat fraction (HFF) and pancreatic fat fraction (PFF) were measured based on 3D semi-automatic segmentation on the FF mapping. All data were analyzed by GraphPad Prism and MedCalc. Results: VAT area, VAT FF, HFF, PFF of T2DM group were higher than those of non-T2DM group after adjusting for age and sex (P < 0.05). However, there was no differences in SAT area, SAT FF, BMAT FF, AM area and AM FF between the two groups (P > 0.05). VAT area and PFF were independent risk factors of T2DM (all P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) for VAT area and PFF in differentiating between T2DM and non-T2DM were 0.685 and 0.787, respectively, and the AUC of PFF was higher than VAT area (P < 0.05). Additionally, in seemingly healthy individuals, the SAT area, VAT area, and AM area were found to be significantly associated with being overweight and/or obese (BMI ≥ 25) (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In this study, it was found that there were significant associations between T2DM and VAT area, VAT FF, HFF and PFF. In addition, VAT area and PFF were the independent risk factors of T2DM. Especially, PFF showed a high diagnostic performance in discrimination between T2DM and non-T2DM. These findings may highlight the crucial role of PFF in the pathophysiology of T2DM, and it might be served as a potential imaging biomarker of the prevention and treatment of T2DM. Additionally, in individuals without diabetes, focusing on SAT area, VAT area and AM area may help identify potential health risks and provide a basis for targeted weight management and prevention measures.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Composição Corporal , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
3.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 387-399, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333018

RESUMO

Objective: This study was to investigate the mechanism of action and clinical efficacy of fire-needle therapy in improving neurological function in patients with acute cerebral infarction (identified as a wind-phlegm-blood stasis syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine). Methods: We included patients diagnosed with acute cerebral infarction (wind-phlegm-blood stasis syndrome) admitted to the Encephalopathy and Acupuncture Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Chinese Medicine. We randomly allocated them into the treatment and control groups, with 45 cases in each group. Acupuncture treatments that focused on regulating the mind and dredging the collaterals were used in the control group, while the treatment group additionally received fire-needle therapy. Our indicators included the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) scale, peripheral blood tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-17 (IL-17), hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and intestinal metabolites short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). We measured these indicators before treatment and 14 days after treatment. Results: The post-treatment NIHSS scores of the two groups were significantly reduced (P < 0.05), and the treatment group showed a more significant decline in the score when compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The treatment group showing significant improvement in the domains of reflex activity, mobility, cooperative movement, and finger movement (P < 0.05). Both groups showed a significant decrease in the IL-17 and hs-CRP levels (P < 0.05), with the treatment group demonstrating a significant declining trend when compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The levels of acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, and valeric acid all increased significantly in the two groups (P < 0.05), with acetic acid and butyric acid increasing significantly in the treatment group when compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Clinical efficacy rate: 78.6% of patients in the treatment group had an excellent rate, whereas it was 30.0% in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Fire-needle therapy was effective in upregulating the SCFA content in patients with acute cerebral infarction (wind-phlegm-blood stasis syndrome), inhibiting the level of the inflammatory response, and improving the recovery of neurological functions. Clinical registration number: Registration website link: https://www.chictr.org.cn. Registration date: 2022/9/27. Registration number: ChiCTR2200064122.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335455

RESUMO

The design of temperature-adaptive Zn-air batteries (ZABs) with long life spans and high energy efficiencies is challenging owing to sluggish oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) kinetics and an unstable Zn/electrolyte interface. Herein, a quasi-solid-state ZAB is designed by combining atomically dispersed Fe-N-C catalysts containing pyridinic N vacancies (FeNC-VN) with a polarized organo-hydrogel electrolyte. First-principles calculation predicts that adjacent VN sites effectively enhance the covalency of Fe-Nx moieties and moderately weaken *OH binding energies, significantly boosting the ORR kinetics and stability. In situ Raman spectra reveal the dynamic evolution of *O2- and *OOH on the FeNC-VN cathode in the aqueous ZAB, proving that the 4e- associative mechanism is dominant. Moreover, the ethylene glycol-modulated organo-hydrogel electrolyte forms a zincophilic protective layer on the Zn anode surface and tailors the [Zn(H2O)6]2+ solvation sheath, effectively guiding epitaxial deposition of Zn2+ on the Zn (002) plane and suppressing side reactions. The assembled quasi-solid-state ZAB demonstrates a long life span of over 1076 h at 2 mA cm-2 at -20 °C, outperforming most reported ZABs.

5.
J Cell Biol ; 223(3)2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319288

RESUMO

TNFα and IFNγ (TNF/IFNγ) synergistically induce caspase-8 activation and cancer cell death. However, the mechanism of IFNγ in promoting TNF-initiated caspase-8 activation in cancer cells is poorly understood. Here, we found that in addition to CASP8, CYLD is transcriptionally upregulated by IFNγ-induced transcription factor IRF1. IRF1-mediated CASP8 and CYLD upregulation additively mediates TNF/IFNγ-induced cancer cell death. Clinically, the expression levels of TNF, IFNγ, CYLD, and CASP8 in melanoma tumors are increased in patients responsive to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy after anti-PD-1 treatment. Accordingly, our genetic screen revealed that ELAVL1 (HuR) is required for TNF/IFNγ-induced caspase-8 activation. Mechanistically, ELAVL1 binds CASP8 mRNA and extends its stability to sustain caspase-8 expression both in IFNγ-stimulated and in basal conditions. Consequently, ELAVL1 determines death receptors-initiated caspase-8-dependent cell death triggered from stimuli including TNF and TRAIL by regulating basal/stimulated caspase-8 levels. As caspase-8 is a master regulator in cell death and inflammation, these results provide valuable clues for tumor immunotherapy and inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Fator Regulador 1 de Interferon , Interferon gama , Melanoma , Humanos , Caspase 8/genética , Morte Celular , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/genética , Inflamação , Fator Regulador 1 de Interferon/genética , Melanoma/genética , Interferon gama/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Enzima Desubiquitinante CYLD/genética , Animais , Camundongos
6.
Small ; : e2308964, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342703

RESUMO

Interface passivation through Lewis acid-base coordinate chemistry in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is a universal strategy to reduce interface defects and hinder ion migration. However, the formation of coordinate covalent bonding demands strict directional alignment of coordinating atoms. Undoubtedly, this limits the selected range of the interface passivation molecules, because a successful molecular bridge between charge transport layer and perovskite bottom interface needs a well-placed molecular orientation. In this study, it is discovered that potassium ions can migrate to the hollow sites of multiple iodine ions from perovskite to form K-Ix ionic bonding, and the ionic bonds without directionality can support molecular backbone rotation to facilitate polar sites (carboxyl groups) chelating Pb at the bottom perovskite interface, finally forming a closed-loop bonding structure. The synergy of coordinate and ionic bonding significantly reduces interface defects, changes electric field distribution, and immobilizes iodine at the perovskite bottom interface, resulting in eliminating the hysteresis effect and enhancing the performance of PSCs. As a result, the corresponding devices achieve a high efficiency exceeding 24.5% (0.09 cm2 ), and a mini-module with 21% efficiency (12.4 cm2 ). These findings provide guidelines for designing molecular bridging strategies at the buried interface of PSCs.

8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 385, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38195636

RESUMO

Exploring the dynamic structural evolution of electrocatalysts during reactions represents a fundamental objective in the realm of electrocatalytic mechanism research. In pursuit of this objective, we synthesized PhenPtCl2 nanosheets, revealing a N2-Pt-Cl2 coordination structure through various characterization techniques. Remarkably, the electrocatalytic performance of these PhenPtCl2 nanosheets for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) surpasses that of the commercial Pt/C catalyst across the entire pH range. Furthermore, our discovery of the dynamic coordination changes occurring in the N2-Pt-Cl2 active sites during the electrocatalytic process, as clarified through in situ Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, is particularly noteworthy. These changes transition from Phen-Pt-Cl2 to Phen-Pt-Cl and ultimately to Phen-Pt. The Phen-Pt intermediate plays a pivotal role in the electrocatalytic HER, dynamically coordinating with Cl- ions in the electrolyte. Additionally, the unsaturated, two-coordinated Pt within Phen-Pt provides additional space and electrons to enhance both H+ adsorption and H2 evolution. This research illuminates the intricate dynamic coordination evolution and structural adaptability of PhenPtCl2 nanosheets, firmly establishing them as a promising candidate for efficient and tunable electrocatalysts.

9.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 9, 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38177995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle development is pivotal for animal growth and health. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) were found to interact with chromatin through diverse roles. However, little is known about how lncRNAs act as chromatin-associated RNAs to regulate skeletal muscle development. Here, we aim to investigate the regulation of chromatin-associated RNA (MYH1G-AS) during skeletal muscle development. METHODS: We provided comprehensive insight into the RNA profile and chromatin accessibility of different myofibers, combining RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) with an assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with high-throughput sequencing (ATAC-seq). The dual-luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay were used to analyze the transcriptional regulation mechanism of MYH1G-AS. ALKBH5-mediated MYH1G-AS N6-methyladenosine (m6A) demethylation was assessed by a single-base elongation and ligation-based qPCR amplification method (SELECT) assay. Functions of MYH1G-AS were investigated through a primary myoblast and lentivirus/cholesterol-modified antisense oligonucleotide (ASO)-mediated animal model. To validate the interaction of MYH1G-AS with fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF18) protein, RNA pull down and an RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay were performed. Specifically, the interaction between FGF18 and SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily A member 5 (SMARCA5) protein was analyzed by coimmunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and a yeast two-hybrid assay. RESULTS: A total of 45 differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs, with DE ATAC-seq peaks in their promoter region, were classified as open chromatin-associated lncRNAs. A skeletal muscle-specific lncRNA (MSTRG.15576.9; MYH1G-AS), which is one of the open chromatin-associated lncRNA, was identified. MYH1G-AS transcription is coordinately regulated by transcription factors (TF) SMAD3 and SP2. Moreover, SP2 represses ALKBH5 transcription to weaken ALKBH5-mediated m6A demethylation of MYH1G-AS, thus destroying MYH1G-AS RNA stability. MYH1G-AS accelerates myoblast proliferation but restrains myoblast differentiation. Moreover, MYH1G-AS drives a switch from slow-twitch to fast-twitch fibers and causes muscle atrophy. Mechanistically, MYH1G-AS inhibits FGF18 protein stabilization to reduce the interaction of FGF18 to SMARCA5, thus repressing chromatin accessibility of the SMAD4 promoter to activate the SMAD4-dependent pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal a new pattern of the regulation of lncRNA expression at diverse levels and help expound the regulation of m6A methylation on chromatin status.


Assuntos
Cromatina , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Cromatina/metabolismo , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética
10.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(1): 888-897, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223022

RESUMO

Background: Patients presenting with unexplained T wave inversion on electrocardiogram combined with thickened left ventricular apex but less than 15 mm had been proposed as a preclinical scope of apical hypertrophy cardiomyopathy (pre-ApHCM). However, analysis of left atrial (LA) function in these patients has not been studied. This study aims to evaluate the LA function in pre-ApHCM patients and compare it with patients with ApHCM using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, a total of 3,593 CMR reports from Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, China were reviewed. Finally, 31 pre-ApHCM patients were identified and 40 ApHCM and 31 normal controls were included for comparison. LA volumetric and strain were analyzed by CMR. Two-tailed one-way ANOVA was used to analyze the difference of three groups. Pearson correlation test was used for correlation analysis. Results: All of the volumetric parameters in pre-ApHCM group were higher than those in control group. LA reservoir (LA total EF, εs) and conduit function (LA passive EF, εe) parameters, were significantly different among the three groups, which were the lowest in the ApHCM group, intermediate in the pre-ApHCM group, and the highest in the control group ((all P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the LA booster pump function, both the booster EF and booster pump strain (εa) in ApHCM were impaired (P=0.003 and P=0.002 respectively). Meanwhile, only the εa was impaired (P=0.016) while LA booster EF was not (P=0.064) in the pre-ApHCM group, neither εa nor the booster EF show difference between the ApHCM and pre-ApHCM (P=0.272 and P=0.518 respectively). Conclusions: LA function features in pre-ApHCM patients were similar to ApHCM but different from the normal controls. In pre-ApHCM and ApHCM patients, LA reservoir and conduit function impaired earlier before left atrium enlarged and decreased progressively as apex thickens. These findings may help to understand the LA functional change from pre-ApHCM to ApHCM, and to detect subclinical changes in patients with pre-ApHCM before overt hypertrophy or clinical symptoms develop.

11.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38243798

RESUMO

AIMS: Helping people to understand their cardiovascular (CV) risk can influence the choices they make for risk reduction, including medication adherence and lifestyle modification. This study sought whether repeated visualization of coronary artery calcium (CAC) images was effective in sustaining long-term risk control in primary prevention, independent of a risk reduction program. METHODS: Asymptomatic, statin-naïve participants, 40-70 years, with a family history of premature coronary artery disease and a CAC score from 1-400 were randomised to a nurse-led CV risk reduction program or standard care with bi-annual reviews. Only the intervention group (220 of 449 participants) visualised their CAC image (with repeat exposure in the first 3 months) and were initiated on statin therapy. The primary outcome was change in Framingham Risk Score (FRS) at 36 months, and the impact of CAC image recall on CV risk was assessed. RESULTS: The reduction in FRS (difference in differences (DID): -3.4% [95%CI: -4.4% to -2.4%], p=<0.001 and low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol -1.2mmol/L [95%CI: -1.4 to -1.0], p=<0.001)) over 36 months was greater in the intervention than the control group. Within the intervention group, sustained recall of CAC images at 24 months was associated with lower systolic blood pressure (DID -4.3mmHg [95%CI: -7.7 to-0.9], p=0.01) and waist circumference (DID -2.0cm [95% CI: -3.9 to -0.1], p=0.03) at 36 months compared to unsustained recall. CONCLUSION: A nurse-led program, combining personalized patient visualization of CAC imaging with statin therapy, is beneficial for improving CV risk. Recalling the presentation of CAC images through repeated visual exposure may influence risk reduction.


This trial sought to determine whether visualization of coronary artery calcium (CAC) images influences behaviour change and cardiovascular risk reduction within a structured nurse-led program versus standard care. Intervention participants visualized their personalized CAC images within the first three months and commenced statin therapy. Control participants were blinded to their CAC images and were not provided statin therapy. Intervention participants had a greater absolute reduction in the Framingham Risk Score (Difference in differences: -3.4% [95% CI: -4.4% to -2.4%], p=<0.001) compared to controls. Those with sustained recollection of their CAC images within the intervention group also had greater reductions in systolic blood pressure and waist circumference.

12.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38243627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), as well as their short- and long-term changes over time, with incident dementia in older individuals. METHODS: Data came from 18,837 community-dwelling individuals aged 65+ years from Australia and the United States, who were relatively healthy without major cognitive impairment at enrolment. Anthropometric measures were prospectively assessed at baseline, as well as change and variability from baseline to year two (three time-points). In a subgroup (n = 11,176), self-reported weight at age 18 and 70+ years was investigated. Dementia cases satisfied DSM-IV criteria. Cox regression was used to examine the associations between anthropometric measures and incident risk of dementia. RESULTS: Compared to normal weight, an overweight (HR: 0.67, 95%CI: 0.57-0.79, p < 0.001) or obese BMI (HR: 0.73, 95%CI: 0.60-0.89, p = 0.002), or a larger WC (elevated, HR: 0.71, 95%CI: 0.58-0.86, p < 0.001; highly elevated, HR: 0.65, 95%CI: 0.55-0.78, p < 0.001; relative to low) at baseline was associated with lower dementia risk. In contrast, substantial increases in BMI (>5%) over 2 years after baseline were associated with higher dementia risk (HR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.17-1.91, p = 0.001). Increased dementia risk was also seen with an underweight BMI at baseline and a 2-year BMI decrease (>5%), but these associations appeared only in the first 4 years of follow-up. Compared to normal weight at both age 18 and 70+ years, being obese at both times was associated with increased dementia risk (HR: 2.27, 95%CI: 1.22-4.24, p = 0.01), while obesity only at age 70+ years was associated with decreased risk (HR: 0.70, 95%CI: 0.51-0.95, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that long-term obesity and weight gain in later life may be risk factors for dementia. Being underweight or having substantial weight loss in old age may be early markers of pre-clinical dementia.

13.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 119(1): 75-91, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172251

RESUMO

Mast cells (MCs) are important intermediates between the nervous and immune systems. The cardiac autonomic nervous system (CANS) crucially modulates cardiac electrophysiology and arrhythmogenesis, but whether and how MC-CANS neuroimmune interaction influences arrhythmia remain unclear. Our clinical data showed a close relationship between serum levels of MC markers and CANS activity, and then we use mast cell stabilizers (MCSs) to alter this MC-CANS communication. MCSs, which are well-known anti-allergic agents, could reduce the risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after myocardial infarction (MI). RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis to investigate the underlying mechanism by which MCSs could affect the left stellate ganglion (LSG), a key therapeutic target for modulating CANS, showed that the IL-6 and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic system may be involved in this process. Our findings demonstrated that MCSs reduce VA risk along with revealing the potential underlying antiarrhythmic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos , Estabilizadores de Mastócitos , Humanos , Neuroimunomodulação , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Coração
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(3): e2314245121, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194460

RESUMO

Transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (TC-NER) is a highly conserved DNA repair pathway that removes bulky lesions in the transcribed genome. Cockayne syndrome B protein (CSB), or its yeast ortholog Rad26, has been known for decades to play important roles in the lesion-recognition steps of TC-NER. Another conserved protein ELOF1, or its yeast ortholog Elf1, was recently identified as a core transcription-coupled repair factor. How Rad26 distinguishes between RNA polymerase II (Pol II) stalled at a DNA lesion or other obstacles and what role Elf1 plays in this process remains unknown. Here, we present cryo-EM structures of Pol II-Rad26 complexes stalled at different obstacles that show that Rad26 uses a common mechanism to recognize a stalled Pol II, with additional interactions when Pol II is arrested at a lesion. A cryo-EM structure of lesion-arrested Pol II-Rad26 bound to Elf1 revealed that Elf1 induces further interactions between Rad26 and a lesion-arrested Pol II. Biochemical and genetic data support the importance of the interplay between Elf1 and Rad26 in TC-NER initiation. Together, our results provide important mechanistic insights into how two conserved transcription-coupled repair factors, Rad26/CSB and Elf1/ELOF1, work together at the initial lesion recognition steps of transcription-coupled repair.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca , Humanos , Cognição , Dano ao DNA , RNA Polimerase II/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
15.
Iran J Basic Med Sci ; 27(1): 16-23, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164486

RESUMO

Objectives: Inadequate cytotrophoblast migration and invasion are speculated to result in preeclampsia, which is a pro-inflammatory condition. Sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) exerts anti-inflammatory actions. Thus,we sought to investigate the effect of DCA on the migration function of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human-trophoblast-derived cell line (HTR-8/SVneo). Materials and Methods: HTR-8/SVneo cells were treated with LPS to suppress cell migration. Cell migration was examined by both scratch wound healing assay and transwell migration assay. Western blotting was used to analyze the expression levels of toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in the cells. Results: DCA reversed LPS-induced inhibition of migration in HTR-8/SVneo cells. Furthermore, DCA significantly suppressed LPS-induced activation of TLR4, phosphorylation of NF-κB (p65), translocation of p65 into the nucleus, and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6). Treatment with inhibitors of TLR4 signal transduction (CLI095 or MD2-TLR-4-IN-1) reduced LPS-induced overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and a synergistic effect was found between TLR4 inhibitors and DCA in HTR-8/SVneo cells. Conclusion: DCA improved trophoblast cell migration function by suppressing LPS-induced inflammation, at least in part, via the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. This result indicates that DCA might be a potential therapeutic candidate for human pregnancy-related complications associated with trophoblast disorder.

16.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 8(1): 8, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a combined model based on radiomics and computed tomography (CT) imaging features for use in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant subcentimeter (≤ 10 mm) solid pulmonary nodules (SSPNs). METHODS: A total of 324 patients with SSPNs were analyzed retrospectively between May 2016 and June 2022. Malignant nodules (n = 158) were confirmed by pathology, and benign nodules (n = 166) were confirmed by follow-up or pathology. SSPNs were divided into training (n = 226) and testing (n = 98) cohorts. A total of 2107 radiomics features were extracted from contrast-enhanced CT. The clinical and CT characteristics retained after univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to develop the clinical model. The combined model was established by associating radiomics features with CT imaging features using logistic regression. The performance of each model was evaluated using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: Six CT imaging features were independent predictors of SSPNs, and four radiomics features were selected after a dimensionality reduction. The combined model constructed by the logistic regression method had the best performance in differentiating malignant from benign SSPNs, with an AUC of 0.942 (95% confidence interval 0.918-0.966) in the training group and an AUC of 0.930 (0.902-0.957) in the testing group. The decision curve analysis showed that the combined model had clinical application value. CONCLUSIONS: The combined model incorporating radiomics and CT imaging features had excellent discriminative ability and can potentially aid radiologists in diagnosing malignant from benign SSPNs. RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The model combined radiomics features and clinical features achieved good efficiency in predicting malignant from benign SSPNs, having the potential to assist in early diagnosis of lung cancer and improving follow-up strategies in clinical work. KEY POINTS: • We developed a pulmonary nodule diagnostic model including radiomics and CT features. • The model yielded the best performance in differentiating malignant from benign nodules. • The combined model had clinical application value and excellent discriminative ability. • The model can assist radiologists in diagnosing malignant from benign pulmonary nodules.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial
18.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289280

RESUMO

Two new metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely, {[Zn(HL)(bpea)]·DMF}n (Zn-MOF-1) and {[Co(HL)(bpea)]·DMF}n (Co-MOF-2) (H3L = 3-(3,5-dicarboxybenzyloxy)benzoic acid, bpea = 1,2-di(pyridyl)ethane), were obtained by the reaction of H3L and N-containing ligand bpea with Zn(NO3)2·6H2O and Co(NO3)2·6H2O, respectively. The isomorphic Zn-MOF-1 and Co-MOF-2 featured a 3D penetrating framework with different stabilities, luminescence, and catalytic properties. Luminescence measurement indicated that Zn-MOF-1 could be used to detect Al3+ through a turn-on effect with a detection limit of 0.42 µM. The sensing mechanism experiments showed that the enhanced luminescence of Zn-MOF-1 toward Al3+ may be due to the weak interaction between Al3+ and Zn-MOF-1 and the absorbance-caused enhancement (ACE) mechanism. Meanwhile, both Zn-MOF-1 and Co-MOF-2 showed interesting CO2 adsorption properties and could catalyze the cycloaddition of CO2 to epoxides resulting in 96 and 92% ideal products within 12 hours, respectively. They can be cycled up to 5 times without significant loss of catalytic efficiency.

19.
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol ; 12(2): 98-106, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetes. This study investigated the randomised treatment effect of low-dose aspirin on incident type 2 diabetes and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations among older adults. METHODS: ASPREE was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of daily oral low-dose aspirin. The study population included community-dwelling individuals aged 70 years or older (≥65 years for US minority ethnic groups) in the USA and Australia who were free of cardiovascular disease, independence-limiting physical disability, or dementia. For the post-hoc analysis, we excluded participants with diabetes at baseline or with incomplete or missing incident diabetes data during follow-up. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 to oral 100 mg daily enteric-coated aspirin or placebo. Incident diabetes was defined as self-reported diabetes, commencement of glucose-lowering medication, or a FPG concentration of 7·0 mmol/L or more assessed at annual follow-up visits among participants with no diabetes at baseline. We used Cox proportional hazards models and mixed-model repeated measures to assess the effect of aspirin on incident diabetes and FPG concentrations in the intention-to-treat population. We assessed major bleeding in participants who had taken at least one dose of study medication. FINDINGS: Between March 10, 2010, and Dec 24, 2014, a total of 16 209 participants were included (8086 [49·9%] randomly assigned to aspirin and 8123 [50·1%] randomly assigned to placebo). During a median follow-up of 4·7 years (IQR 3·6-5·7), 995 (in 6·1% individuals) incident cases of type 2 diabetes were recorded (459 in the aspirin group and 536 in the placebo group). Compared with placebo, the aspirin group had a 15% reduction in risk of incident diabetes (hazard ratio 0·85 [95% CI 0·75 to 0·97]; p=0·013) and a slower rate of increase in FPG concentration at year 5 (between-group difference estimate -0·048 mmol/L [95% CI -0·079 to -0·018]; p=0·0017). Major bleeding (major gastrointestinal bleeding, intracranial bleeding, and clinically significant bleeding at other sites) occurred in 510 (3·2%) of 16 104 participants (300 [3·7%] in the aspirin group and 210 [2·6%] in the placebo group). Compared with placebo, the aspirin group had a 44% increase in risk of major bleeding (hazard ratio 1·44 [95% CI 1·21 to 1·72]; p<0·0001). INTERPRETATION: Aspirin treatment reduced the incidence of type 2 diabetes and slowed the increase in FPG concentration but increased major bleeding among community-dwelling older adults. Given the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes among older adults, the potential for anti-inflammatory agents such as aspirin to prevent type 2 diabetes or improve glucose levels warrants further study with a comprehensive assessment of all potential safety events of interest. FUNDING: US National Institute on Aging, US National Cancer Institute, National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, Monash University, and the Victorian Cancer Agency.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Vida Independente , Humanos , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Glucose , Método Duplo-Cego
20.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 59(1): 164-176, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37013673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is known to result in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, myocardial fibrosis, and ischemic/nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (ICM/NIDCM). However, less is known about the prognostic value of T2DM on LV longitudinal function and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) assessed with cardiac MRI in ICM/NIDCM patients. PURPOSE: To measure LV longitudinal function and myocardial scar in ICM/NIDCM patients with T2DM and to determine their prognostic values. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective cohort. POPULATION: Two hundred thirty-five ICM/NIDCM patients (158 with T2DM and 77 without T2DM). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T; steady-state free precession cine; phase-sensitive inversion recovery segmented gradient echo LGE sequences. ASSESSMENT: Global peak longitudinal systolic strain rate (GLPSSR) was evaluated to LV longitudinal function with feature tracking. The predictive value of GLPSSR was determined with ROC curve. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured. The primary adverse cardiovascular endpoint was follow up every 3 months. STATISTICAL TESTS: Mann-Whitney U test or student's t-test; Intra and inter-observer variabilities; Kaplan-Meier method; Cox proportional hazards analysis (threshold = 5%). RESULTS: ICM/NIDCM patients with T2DM exhibited significantly lower absolute value of GLPSSR (0.39 ± 0.14 vs. 0.49 ± 0.18) and higher proportion of LGE positive (+) despite similar LV ejection fraction, compared to without T2DM. LV GLPSSR was able to predict primary endpoint (AUC 0.73) and optimal cutoff point was 0.4. ICM/NIDCM patients with T2DM (GLPSSR < 0.4) had more markedly impaired survival. Importantly, this group (GLPSSR < 0.4, HbA1c ≥ 7.8%, or LGE (+)) exhibited the worst survival. In multivariate analysis, GLPSSR, HbA1c, and LGE (+) significantly predicted primary adverse cardiovascular endpoint in overall ICM/NIDCM and ICM/NIDCM patients with T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: T2DM has an additive deleterious effect on LV longitudinal function and myocardial fibrosis in ICM/NIDCM patients. Combining GLPSSR, HbA1c, and LGE could be promising markers in predicting outcomes in ICM/NIDCM patients with T2DM. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 3 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: 5.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Meios de Contraste , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Gadolínio , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Fibrose , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia
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