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1.
Neuroscience ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682826

RESUMO

Increasing studies have revealed that metabolic disorders, especially diabetes, are high risk factors for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. It has been reported that patients with diabetes are prone to suffer from cognitive dysfunction (CD). Although abnormal glucose metabolism and deposition of amyloid ß (Aß) are proven to have a closely relationship with diabetes-induced CD, its exact mechanism is still undetermined. In this study, a total of 14 mice were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin for 5 consecutive days to mimic diabetic models, and then hierarchical cluster analysis was adopted to classify the diabetic mice into CD and Non-CD phenotypes by the results of Morris water maze test (MWMT). Furthermore, we detected Hippo signaling including mammalian sterile 20-like protein kinases1 (MST1), large tumor suppressors 1 (LATS1), Yes-associated protein (YAP) and phosphorylation of YAP (p-YAP) in brain and peripheral tissues. As compared with control mice, the levels of MST1, LATS1 and p-YAP/YAP ratio were increased in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), striatum and hippocampus of CD mice, while these proteins were decreased in gut tissue of CD mice. Additionally, there were significant positive correlations between escape latency and p-YAP/YAP ratio in mPFC, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and hippocampus, as well as the level of LATS1 in liver, kidney and gut tissues. In conclusion, alterations in Hippo signaling may contribute to CD induced by diabetes. Therefore, therapeutic interventions improving Hippo signaling might be beneficial to the treatment of diabetes-induced CD and other neurodegenerative diseases.

2.
Int J Pharm ; : 118776, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678374

RESUMO

A comprehensive cocrystal study for the insoluble natural pharmaceutical compound xanthotoxin (XT) was conducted, in which xanthotoxin-para aminobenzoic acid (XT-PABA) and xanthotoxin-oxalic acid (XT-OA) cocrystals were obtained. The xanthotoxin cocrystals were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and FT-IR spectra, and the crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystal structures and thermal analysis showed that XT-OA was more stable than XT-PABA. Energy framework calculation indicated that H-bond and π···π interactions generated in XT-OA were stronger than that in XT-PABA and xanthotoxin. The powder dissolution experiments of xanthotoxin and its cocrystals suggested the XT-OA cocrystal might be applied as an alternative formulation of API, on account of its enhanced solubility and stability in the hydrochloric acid buffer solution (pH 1.2). The cocrystallization engineering can prolong the enhanced apparent solubility via modulating the stability.

3.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 1112019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative serum lipid in patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: ninety-nine patients with GBC between October 2009 and December 2013 were reviewed in this retrospective study. Total serum cholesterol (TC), total triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A (Apo-A), apolipoprotein B (Apo-B) and free fatty acids (FFA) were measured before surgery. The correlation of serum lipid levels with clinical data, including gender, age, tumor size, lymph nodes metastasis, tumor differentiation, distant metastasis and TNM stage were analyzed by univariate and multivariate survival analysis to evaluate independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: compared with the normal HDL-C group (n = 57), the overall survival rate among GBC patients with low HDL-C levels (n = 42) was reduced (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in overall survival for patients with different levels of TC, TG, Apo-A, Apo-B, LDL-C or FFA. The serum level of HDL-C was associated with TNM stage (p < 0.05) and distant metastasis (p < 0.001). The multivariate prognosis analysis showed that HDL-C and lymph nodes metastasis were independent prognostic factors (p < 0.05). A prognostic evaluation model based on HDL-C and lymph nodes metastasis was established. CONCLUSION: preoperative serum HDL-C level was closely associated with distant metastasis of patients with GBC. HDL-C level may be a valuable prognostic factor for GBC patients. The combination of HDLC and lymph nodes metastasis can better predict the prognosis of GBC.

5.
Cell Prolif ; : e12709, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The osteogenesis differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) is essential for bone formation and bone homeostasis. In this study, we aim to elucidate novel molecular targets for bone metabolism diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dataset GSE80614 which includes mRNA expression profile during BMSCs osteogenic differentiation was obtained from the GEO database (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/). The osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was measured by ALP staining, AR staining and expression of osteogenic markers in vitro. For in vivo assay, we seeded BMSCs onto beta-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) and transplanted them into muscle pockets of nude mice. Luciferase assay, co-immunoprecipitation assay and in vitro ubiquitination assay were carried out to investigate the molecular mechanism. RESULTS: We found that α-B-crystallin (CRYAB) expression was elevated during the process of BMSCs osteogenic differentiation. Further studies showed that upregulation of CRYAB significantly enhanced the osteogenic differentiation, while downregulation of CRYAB suppressed it. CRYAB regulated BMSCs osteogenic differentiation mainly through the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signalling. In addition, we found that CRYAB could physically interact with ß-catenin and protect it from ubiquitination and degradation, which stabilized ß-catenin and promoted the Wnt signalling. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides evidences that CRYAB is an important regulator of BMSCs osteogenic differentiation by protecting ß-catenin from ubiquitination and degradation and promoting the Wnt signalling. It may serve as a potential therapeutic target for diseases related to bone metabolism.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(42): 38737-38745, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592677

RESUMO

Interface engineering holds huge potential for enabling exceptional physical properties in heterostructure materials via tuning properties at the atomic level. In this study, a heterostructure built by a new redox stable semiconductor SrFe0.75Ti0.25O3-δ (SFT) and an ionic conductor Sm0.25Ce0.75O2 (SDC) is reported. The SFT-SDC heterostructure exhibits a high ionic conductivity >0.1 S/cm at 520 °C, which is 1 order of magnitude higher than that of bulk SDC. When it was applied into the fuel cell, the SFT-SDC can realize favorable electrolyte functionality and result in an excellent power density of 920 mW cm-2 at 520 °C. The prepared SFT-SDC heterostructure materials possess both electronic and ionic conduction, where electron states modulate local electrical field to facilitate ion transport. Further investigations to calculate the structure and electronic structure/state of SFT and SDC are done using density functional theory (DFT). It is found that the reconstruction of the energy band at interfaces is responsible for such enhanced ionic conductivity and cell power output. The current study about the perovskite-based heterostructure presents a novel strategy for developing advanced ceramic fuel cells.

8.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 833-841, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580936

RESUMO

Glycoprotein (G) is the most common gene used in SVCV vaccine constructions. To identify the major immunogenicity determinant region of SVCV G gene, herein we truncated G gene to 4 parts (G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-4). Bioinformatics and the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to identify the antigenicity of these 4 truncated G proteins. Immunological assays (serum antibody production, enzyme activity, immune genes expression and challenge test) were carried out to further identify the immunogenicity of the screened G protein in common carp. Moreover, to further verify the immune response of the screened G protein-based subunit vaccine, its protective effects on common carp against SVCV infection using single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as a carrier were evaluated. Results showed that G-3 protein could induce higher antibody titer than other truncated G proteins. Furthermore, carps vaccinated with G-3 and G (positive control) showed significant enhancement of immune response (serum antibody production, enzyme activity and immune related genes expression) when compared with control groups. Meanwhile, as a promising vaccine carrier, SWCNTs could significantly enhance the immune effect of naked subunit vaccine (G-3 and G). Notably, after SVCV challenge, there was no significant difference in immune protection between G-3 and G, nor between SWCNTs-G-3 and SWCNTs-G. These results so far suggest G-3 might be the potential antigen epitope of SVCV. This study lays a foundation for developing vaccine and immunodiagnostic techniques.

9.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 227: 108645, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654831

RESUMO

Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as an experimental model, the potential toxicological effects of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) were investigated following exposure to 0-600 mg/L for 24 h. Results revealed that cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by Fe3O4-NPs with an IC50 value of 326.66 mg/L. Mortality showed a concentration-dependent increase, and the highest concentration in this study (600 mg/L) resulted in 22.30% mortality. In addition, Effects on proliferation and mortality were accounted for Fe3O4-NPs rather than iron ion released from Fe3O4-NPs. Scanning and transmission electron microscope observation showed that Fe3O4-NPs extensively attached on the cell surfaces, causing cells to deform and shrink. Moreover, Fe3O4-NPs could be internalized in S. cerevisiae cells via endocytosis and then be distributed in cytoplasm and vesicles. The data of uptake kinetics demonstrated that the maximal accumulation (4.898 mg/g) was reached at 15 h. Besides, percentage of late apoptosis/necrosis was observably increased (p < 0.01) at 600 mg/L (15.80%), and the expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (SOD, Yca1 and Nuc1) were dramatically increased following exposure to Fe3O4-NPs for 24 h. As expected, mitochondrial transmembrane potential was significantly decreased (p < 0.01) at 50-600 mg/L, and biomarkers of oxidative stress (ROS, CAT and SOD) were also markedly changed following exposure. Altogether, the combined results so far indicated Fe3O4-NPs could induce S. cerevisiae cell apoptosis that mediated by mitochondrial impairment and oxidative stress.

10.
Cell Biol Int ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617641

RESUMO

Despite the improvement in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatments, most patients had a poor prognosis and suffered from chemoresistance and disease relapse. Therefore, there is an urgent need for elucidation of mechanism(s) underlying drug resistance in AML. In the present study, we found that AML cells showed less susceptibility to adriamycin (ADR) in the presence of hypoxia, while inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) by CdCl2 can make AML cells re-susceptibile to ADR even under hypoxia. Moreover, HIF-1α is overexpressed and plays an important role in ADR-resistance maintenance in resistant AML cells. We further found hypoxia or induction of HIF-1α can significantly upregulate yes-associated protein (YAP) expression in AML cells, and resistant cells express a high level of YAP. Finally, we found that YAP may not only enhance HIF-1α stability but also promote HIF-1α's activity on the target gene pyruvate kinase M2. In conclusion, our data indicate that HIF-1α or YAP may represent a therapeutic target for overcoming resistance toward adriamycin-based chemotherapy in AML.

11.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(17): 7307-7327, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498116

RESUMO

The prevalence rates of heart failure (HF) are greater than 10% in individuals aged >75 years, indicating an intrinsic link between aging and HF. It has been recognized that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathology of HF. Mitokines are a type of cytokines, peptides, or signaling pathways produced or activated by the nucleus or the mitochondria through cell non-autonomous responses during cellular stress. In addition to promoting the communication between the mitochondria and the nucleus, mitokines also exert a systemic regulatory effect by circulating to distant tissues. It is noteworthy that increasing evidence has demonstrated that mitokines are capable of reducing the metabolic-related HF risk factors and are associated with HF severity. Consequently, mitokines might represent a potential therapy target for HF.

12.
Virology ; 537: 216-225, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513957

RESUMO

Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) has caused mass mortality in cyprinids, with case fatality rates of young fish up to 90%, resulting in enormous economic losses in the aquaculture industry. Immersion vaccination is considered as the most effective method for juvenile fish to combating disease, due to its convenience for mass vaccination and stress-free administration. However, immune responses following immersion vaccination are generally less robust and of shorter duration as those induced through intraperitoneal injection. Herein, to enhance the efficient of immersion vaccine, functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as carrier were used to manufacture immersion DNA vaccine system (SWCNTs-pEGFP-M) with chemical modification. Results showed that SWCNTs-pEGFP-M could enter into fish body via immersion administration and express antigen proteins in fish kidney and spleen. Moreover, stronger and longer duration immune responses (including serum antibody production and immune genes expression) can be induced in fish vaccinated with SWCNTs-pEGFP-M in comparison with those vaccinated with pEGFP-M alone. Notably, SWCNTs can increase the immune protective effect of naked DNA vaccine by ca. 23.8%. Altogether, this study demonstrates that SWCNTs as a promising DNA vaccine carrier might be used to vaccinate large-scale juvenile fish by bath administration approach, which can provide an outlook for future vaccination strategies against SVCV.

13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 766, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intestinal infectious diseases (IIDs) have caused numerous deaths worldwide, particularly among children. In China, eight IIDs are listed as notifiable infectious diseases, including cholera, poliomyelitis, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid (TAP), viral Hepatitis A, viral Hepatitis E, hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) and other infectious diarrhoeal diseases (OIDDs). The aim of the study is to analyse the spatio-temporal distribution of IIDs from 2006 to 2016. METHODS: Data on the incidence of IIDs from 2006 to 2016 were collected from the public health science data centre issued by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This study applied seasonal decomposition analysis, spatial autocorrelation analysis and space-time scan analysis. Plots and maps were constructed to visualize the spatio-temporal distribution of IIDs. RESULTS: Regarding temporal analysis, the incidence of HFMD and Hepatitis E showed a distinct increasing trend, while the incidence of TAP, dysentery, and Hepatitis A presented decreasing trends over the last decade. The incidence of OIID remained steady. Summer is the season with the greatest number of cases of different IIDs. Regarding the spatial distribution, approximately all p values for the global Moran's I from 2006 to 2016 were less than 0.05, indicating that the incidences of the epidemics were unevenly distributed throughout the country. The high-risk areas for HFMD and OIDD were located in the Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan (BTT) region and south China. The high-risk areas for TAP were located in some parts of southwest China. A higher incidence rates for dysentery and Hepatitis A were observed in the BTT region and some west provincial units. The high-risk areas for Hepatitis E were the BTT region and the Yangtze River Delta area. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our temporal and spatial analysis of IIDs, we identified the high-risk periods and clusters of regions for the diseases. HFMD and OIDD exhibited high incidence rates, which reflected the negligence of Class C diseases by the government. At the same time, the incidence rate of Hepatitis E gradually surpassed Hepatitis A. The authorities should pay more attention to Class C diseases and Hepatitis E. Regardless of the various distribution patterns of IIDs, disease-specific, location-specific, and disease-combined interventions should be established.

14.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 327, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical students in China face severe depression and anxiety because of their difficult circumstances, such as the long length of schooling, academic pressure, and the stress of clinical practice. Although there have been many empirical studies about depression or anxiety in medical students in China, no previous studies have conducted a related systematic review about this topic in English. This analysis can convey the general findings from China to other areas of the world. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of depression or anxiety in medical students and related determinants were conducted. Three Chinese and three English databases were searched for the review, with no restrictions on language. Articles published between January 1, 2000 and April 1, 2018 were included. RESULTS: Twenty-one articles investigating a total of 35,160 individual Chinese medical students were included in this review. The prevalence of depression ranged from 13.10 to 76.21% with a mean of 32.74%, and the prevalence of anxiety ranged from 8.54 to 88.30% with a mean of 27.22%. Based on the meta-analysis, gender, grade level, residence, satisfaction with current major and monthly household income per capita were significantly associated with depression. Grade level and satisfaction with current major were significantly associated with anxiety. Other risk factors were identified and described using a narrative approach. CONCLUSION: The mean prevalence of depression was 32.74% amongst medical students in China, whereas the mean prevalence of anxiety was 27.22%. The determinants of depression and anxiety included individual factors, social and economic factors, and environmental factors. More measures should be taken towards at-risk medical students based on the identified risk factors.

15.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 647, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501411

RESUMO

Human bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) are heterogeneous progenitor cells with two defining features, self-renew and multi-lineage differentiation. As one of the differentiation directions, osteogenesis is vital for bone homeostasis. A growing body of evidences show that ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation plays an essential role in the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. In this study, we found that LMCD1 was upregulated during osteogenic differentiation process of BMSCs by analyzing GSE80614. In vitro and in vivo functional studies confirmed that LMCD1 was critical to the osteogenic commitment of BMSCs. Compared to those of the controls, downregulation of LMCD1 significantly restrained osteogenic differentiation and enhanced adipogenic differentiation, while upregulation of LMCD1 increased the osteogenic differentiation and suppressed adipogenic differentiation. Mechanically, we found that LMCD1 could protect RUNX2 and Smad1 protein from Smurf1-induced ubiquitination degradation thereby regulating BMP signaling. In conclusion, our findings suggest that LMCD1 is a novel regulator of osteogenic differentiation and may be a potential therapeutic target for bone metabolism related diseases.

16.
Adv Mater ; 31(43): e1903378, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523873

RESUMO

Water scarcity is one of the greatest challenges facing human society. Because of the abundant amount of water present in the atmosphere, there are significant efforts to harvest water from air. Particularly, solar-driven atmospheric water generators based on sequential adsorption-desorption processes are attracting much attention. However, incomplete daytime desorption is the limiting factor for final water production, as the rate of water desorption typically decreases very quickly with decreased water content in the sorbents. Hereby combining tailored interfacial solar absorbers with an ionic-liquid-based sorbent, an atmospheric water generator with a simultaneous adsorption-desorption process is generated. With enhanced desorption capability and stabilized water content in the sorbent, this interfacial solar-driven atmospheric water generator enables a high rate of water production (≈0.5 L m-2 h-1 ) and 2.8 L m-2 d-1 for the outdoor environment. It is expected that this interfacial solar-driven atmospheric water generator, based on the liquid sorbent with a simultaneous adsorption-desorption process opens up a promising pathway to effectively harvest water from air.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547407

RESUMO

Global concerns persist regarding the shortage and misdistribution of health workers in rural and remote areas. Medical education is an important input channel of human resources for health. This study aimed to identify the association between medical graduates' job choices for rural practice and their initial intentions when they began to look for a job in China. Data were extracted from a cross-sectional survey among medical students in ten western provinces in China in 2013. Only medical students who were in the last year of study (i.e., medical graduates) and had found a job were included in this study. Of the 482 participants, 61.04% (293) presented an initial intention of rural practice when they began to look for a job, and 68.88% (332) made a final job choice for rural practice. However, of the 332 graduates with a final job choice of rural practice, only 213 (64.55%) had an initial intention. A univariate association was identified in which medical graduates who were more likely to make final job choices for rural practice were those having initial intentions (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.08-2.36); however, after adjusting for controlled variables, it became insignificant and was reduced to a 1.31-fold increase (95% CI: 0.82-2.07). The initial intentions of medical graduates are not assurance of ultimate job outcomes, and it cannot be deduced that all medical graduates who made a final job choice for rural practice had authentic desires for rural practice. Twenty years of age or below, low-income families, majoring in non-clinical medicine, and studying in a junior medical college or below were associated with medical graduates' final job choices for rural practice. More studies are required on how to translate medical student's intention of rural medical practice into reality and how to retain these graduates via a job choice in rural practice in the future.

18.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 170: 113642, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541631

RESUMO

Lung cancer, similar to other chronic diseases, occurs due to perturbations in multiple signaling pathways. Mono-targeted therapies are not ideal since they are not likely to be effective for the treatment and prevention of lung cancer, and are often associated with drug resistance. Therefore, the development of multi-targeted agents is required for novel lung cancer therapies. Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR or TXNRD1) is a pivotal component of the thioredoxin (Trx) system. Various types of tumor cells are able to overexpress TrxR/Trx proteins in order to maintain tumor survival, and this overexpression has been shown to be associated with clinical outcomes, including irradiation and drug resistance. Emerging evidence has indicated that oleanolic acid (OA) and its derivatives exhibit potent anticancer activity, and are able to overcome drug resistance in cancer cell lines. In the present study, it was demonstrated that a novel synthesized OA family compound, olean-28,13b-olide 2 (OLO-2), synergistically enhanced cisplatin (CDDP)-mediated apoptosis, led to the activation of caspase-3 and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), induced DNA damage, and inhibited the activation of the extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), AKT and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways in human multidrug-resistant A549/CDDP lung adenocarcinoma cells. Subsequent analyses revealed that OLO-2 inhibited P-glycoprotein (P-gp or ABCB1) and TrxR by reducing their expression at the protein and mRNA levels, and by suppressing P-gp ATPase and TrxR activities. Further biological evaluation indicated that OLO-2 significantly reduced Trx and excision repair cross-complementary1 (ERCC1) protein expression and significantly inhibited the proliferation of drug-sensitive (A549) and multidrug-resistant (A549/CDDP) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, but had no effect on non-tumor lung epithelial-like cells. In addition, the present study demonstrated, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that overexpressing or knocking down TrxR in NSCLC cells enhanced or attenuated, respectively, the resistance of NSCLC cells against CDDP, which indicated that TrxR plays an important role in CDDP resistance and functions as a protector of NSCLC against chemotherapeutic drugs. OLO-2 treatment also exhibited up to 4.6-fold selectivity against human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Taken together, the results of the present study shed light on the drug resistance-reversing effects of OLO-2 in lung cancer cells.

19.
Virus Res ; 273: 197741, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494148

RESUMO

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) is a fish viral pathogen that causes severe disease and huge economic losses in the salmonid aquaculture industry. However, anti-IHNV drugs currently are scarce. For the purpose of seeking out anti-IHNV drugs, the anti-IHNV activities of 32 medicinal plants were investigated by using epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC) cells. Among these plants, Prunella vulgaris L. (PVL) showed the strongest inhibition on IHNV replication with an inhibitory percentage of 99.3% at the concentration 100 mg/L. Further studies demonstrated that ursolic acid (UA), a major constituent of PVL, also showed a highly effective anti-IHNV activity. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) at 72 h of UA on IHNV was 8.0 µM. Besides, UA could significantly decrease cytopathic effect (CPE) and the viral titer induced by IHNV in EPC cells. More importantly, UA also showed a strong anti-IHNV activity in vivo, as indicated by increasing the survival rate of rainbow trout and inhibiting viral gene expression. Intraperitoneal injection of UA increased the relative percentage of survival of rainbow trout by 18.9% and inhibited IHNV glycoprotein mRNA expression by > 90.0% in the spleen at the 1st-day post-infection. Altogether, UA was expected to be a therapeutic agent against IHNV infection in aquaculture.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(11): 7180-7189, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475450

RESUMO

Myoferlin, a protein of the ferlin family, has seven C2 domains and exhibits activity in some cells, including myoblasts and endothelial cells. Recently, myoferlin was identified as a promising target and biomarker in non-small-cell lung cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, colon cancer, melanoma, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and endometrioid carcinoma. This evidence indicated that myoferlin was involved in the proliferation, invasion and migration of tumour cells, the mechanism of which mainly included promoting angiogenesis, vasculogenic mimicry, energy metabolism reprogramming, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and modulating exosomes. The roles of myoferlin in both normal cells and cancer cells are of great significance to provide novel and efficient methods of tumour treatment. In this review, we summarize recent studies and findings of myoferlin and suggest that myoferlin is a novel potential candidate for clinical diagnosis and targeted cancer therapy.

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