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1.
Redox Biol ; 54: 102357, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679798

RESUMO

Ischemic injury to the heart induces mitochondrial dysfunction due to increasing oxidative stress. MG53, also known as TRIM72, is highly expressed in striated muscle, is secreted as a myokine after exercise, and is essential for repairing damaged plasma membrane of many tissues by interacting with the membrane lipid phosphatidylserine (PS). We hypothesized MG53 could preserve mitochondrial integrity after an ischemic event by binding to the mitochondrial-specific lipid, cardiolipin (CL), for mitochondria protection to prevent mitophagy. Fluorescent imaging and Western blotting experiments showed recombinant human MG53 (rhMG53) translocated to the mitochondria after ischemic injury in vivo and in vitro. Fluorescent imaging indicated rhMG53 treatment reduced superoxide generation in ex vivo and in vitro models. Lipid-binding assay indicated MG53 binds to CL. Transfecting cardiomyocytes with the mitochondria-targeted mt-mKeima showed inhibition of mitophagy after MG53 treatment. Overall, we show that rhMG53 treatment may preserve cardiac function by preserving mitochondria in cardiomyocytes. These findings suggest MG53's interactions with mitochondria could be an attractive avenue for developing MG53 as a targeted protein therapy for cardioprotection.

2.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(3): 175-181, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic cardiomyopathy (SCM) occurs in the early stage of sepsis and septic shock, which has implications for treatment strategies and prognosis. Additionally, myocardial involvement in the early stages of sepsis is difficult to identify. Here, we assess subclinical myocardial function using laboratory tests and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE). METHODS: Emergency department patients diagnosed with sepsis or septic shock were included for analysis. Those with other causes of acute or pre-existing cardiac dysfunction were excluded. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), including conventional echocardiography and STE, were performed for all patients three hours after initial resuscitation. Samples for laboratory tests were taken around the time of TTE. RESULTS: Left ventricular functions of 60 patients were analyzed, including 21 septic shock patients and 39 sepsis patients. There was no significant difference in global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), or global radical strain (GRS) between patients with sepsis and septic shock (all with P>0.05). However, GLS and GCS were significantly less negative in patients with abnormal troponin levels or in patients with abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) values (all with P<0.05). There were also moderate correlations between GLS and levels of cTnI (r=0.40, P=0.002) or N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (r=0.44, P=0.001) in sepsis and septic shock patients. CONCLUSION: Myocardial dysfunction, e.g., lower LVEF or less negative GLS in patients with sepsis or septic shock, is more affected by myocardial injury. GLS could be incorporated into mainstream clinical practice as a supplementary LVEF parameter, especially for those with elevated troponin levels.

3.
4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(24): 15075-15082, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35696996

RESUMO

With the increasing environmental pollution and energy crisis, it is significant to develop environmentally friendly and adjustable photocatalysts for water splitting. Here we explored the optoelectronic properties of several H-GaN/MgI2 vdW heterostructures by regulating different polarization surfaces and numbers of GaN layers. Our results demonstrate that all structures, except 2L-Ga-GaN/MgI2, exhibit excellent physical stability. Moreover, the band structures and band edge positions demonstrate that only the heterostructure of 3L-Ga-GaN/MgI2 with both suitable band alignment (type-II) and an acceptable band gap (∼1.92 eV) is most satisfactory for water splitting. Additionally, the absorption coefficient of the 3L-Ga-GaN/MgI2 heterostructure can reach over ∼105 cm-1, which has further confirmed its excellent advantage in photocatalysis. Finally, in the case of 6% external strain for the 3L-Ga-GaN/MgI2 heterostructure, a rollover in band alignment (from type-II to type-I) is exhibited. These promising features of the GaN/MgI2 vdW heterostructure give a new paradigm for developing novel efficient and adjustable photocatalytic water-splitting materials.

5.
Front Genet ; 13: 821826, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664320

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have verified that Inscuteable Spindle Orientation Adaptor Protein (INSC) can regulate cell proliferation and differentiation in the developing nervous system. It also plays an important role in spindle orientation during mitosis and asymmetric division of fibroblasts and participates in the process of stratification of the squamous epithelium. The role and potential mechanism of INSC in the development of colonic adenocarcinoma (COAD) have not been fully understood. This study aimed at exploring the prognostic value of INSC in COAD and the correlation of its expression with immune infiltration. Methods: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were used to analyze the expression of INSC in COAD. The INSC protein expression level was analyzed by immunohistochemistry staining and the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) database. The diagnostic and prognostic values of INSC in COAD patients were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival curves. In order to understand whether INSC is an independent prognostic factor, we used univariable and multivariate Cox analyses to analyze INSC expression and several clinical characteristics with survival. We use STRING analysis to find INSC-related proteins and related biological events analyzed by Gene Ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. At last, GEPIA and the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) were employed to explore the relationship between INSC and immune infiltrates and its marker gene set. Results: INSC was lower expressed in COAD tissues than in normal colon tissues, which was correlated with tumor stage. Patients with lower expression of INSC had shorter overall survival (OS). Moreover, univariable Cox analysis demonstrated that high expression of INSC was an independent prognostic factor for COAD. ROC analysis showed INSC was an accurate marker for identifying tumors from normal colon tissue, and the AUC of the curve was 0.923. Significant GO term analysis by GSEA showed that genes correlated with INSC were found to be enriched in several immune-related pathways. Specifically, INSC expression showed significant negative correlations with infiltration levels of B cells, CD4+ T cells, macrophages, DCs, and their marker sets in COAD. Conclusion: INSC was provided with prognostic value in COAD and related to immune invasion.

6.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2022 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665464

RESUMO

Stroke induced by basal ganglia infarction often impair cognitive function. The exploration of topological patterns in structural and functional networks associated cognitive impairment after stroke may contribute to understand the pathological mechanism of cognitive impairment caused by stroke. In this paper, graph theory analysis was applied to diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) data and resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) data from 23 post-stroke patients with cognitive impairment (PSCI), 17 post-stroke patients without cognitive impairment (NPSCI), and 29 healthy controls (HC). Structural and functional connectivity between 90 cortical and subcortical brain regions was estimated and set threshold to construct a set of undirected graphs. Network-based statistics (NBS) was used to characterize altered connectivity patterns among the three groups. Compared to HC, the PSCI group demonstrated substantial reductions in all three types of connections-rich club, feeder, and local-in structural and functional networks. Specifically, in structural network analysis, reduced connections were observed within basal ganglia and basal ganglia-frontal networks, whereas in the functional network analysis, reduced connections were observed in fronto-parietal network (FPN) and cingulo-opercular networks (CON). Meanwhile, compared to HC, the NPSCI group demonstrated reductions in both feeder and local connections only within occipital area and occipital-temporal structural networks. The findings of reduced structural connectivity in regions stemming from a basal ganglia core and reduced functional connectivity in FPN and CON may indicate a bottom-up cognitive impairment induced by stroke. Graph analysis and connectomics may aid clinical diagnosis and serve as potential imaging biomarkers for post-stroke patients with cognitive impairment.

7.
Life (Basel) ; 12(6)2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35743823

RESUMO

The ACE2 receptor, as the potential entrance site of SARS-CoV-2-affected cells, plays a crucial role in spreading infection. The DX600 peptide is a competitive inhibitor of ACE2. We previously constructed the 68Ga-labeled DOTA-DX600 (also known as 68Ga-HZ20) peptide and confirmed its ACE2 binding ability both in vitro and in vivo. In this research, we aimed to investigate the noninvasive mapping of ACE2 expression in fowl using 68Ga-HZ20 micro-PET. We chose pigeons as an animal model and first studied the administration method of 68Ga-HZ20 by direct site injection or intravenous injection. Then, the dynamic micro-PET scan of 68Ga-HZ20 was conducted at 0-40 min. Additionally, 18F-FDG was used for comparison. Finally, the pigeons were sacrificed, and the main organs were collected for further immunoPET and IHC staining. Micro PET/CT imaging results showed that 68Ga-HZ20 uptake was distributed from the heart at the preliminary injection to the kidneys, liver, stomach, and lungs over time, where the highest uptake was observed in the kidneys (SUVmax = 6.95, 20 min) and lung (SUVmax = 1.11, 20 min). Immunohistochemical experiments were carried out on its main organs. Compared to the SUVmax data, the IHC results showed that ACE2 was highly expressed in both kidneys and intestines, and the optimal imaging time was determined to be 20 min after injection through correlation analysis. These results indicated that 68Ga-HZ20 is a potential target molecule for SARS-CoV-2 in fowl, which is worthy of promotion and further study.

8.
Metabolites ; 12(6)2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736412

RESUMO

Ellagic acid (EA) is a polyphenol dilactone that has been reported to have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and antioxidant activities, but the mechanism of action has not been reported. In this study, serum metabolomics was used to explore the mechanism of EA on rat fever induced by beer yeast, and to screen out marker metabolites to provide a reference for the antipyretic effect of EA. The acute fever model of male Sprague Dawley rats involved subcutaneous injection with 20% aqueous suspension of yeast (15 mL/kg) in their back. At the same time of modeling, EA was given orally by 10 mL/kg intragastric administration for treatment. During the experiment, the temperature and its change values of rats were recorded, and Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate (cAMP), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Malondialdehyde (MDA)-six physiological and biochemical indexes of rats-were detected after the experiment. In addition, the hypothalamus of each rat was analyzed by Western blot (WB), and the levels of Phospho Nuclear Factor kappa-B (P-NF-κB P65) and IkappaB-alpha (IKB-α) were detected. Then, the serum metabolites of rats in each group were detected and analyzed by gas chromatograph mass spectrometry and the multivariate statistical analysis method. Finally, when screening for differential metabolites, the potential target metabolic pathway of drug intervention was screened for through the enrichment analysis of differential metabolites. Pearson correlation analysis was used to systematically characterize the relationship between biomarkers and pharmacodynamic indicators. EA could reduce the temperature and its change value in yeast induced fever rats after 18 h (p < 0.05). The level of IL-6, TNF-α, PGE2, cAMP, SOD and MDA of the Model group (MG) increased significantly compared to the Normal group (NG) (p < 0.001) after EA treatment, while the levels of the six indexes in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid of yeast-induced rats decreased. The administration of yeast led to a significant increase in Hypothalamus P-NF-κB P65 and IKB-α levels. Treatment with EA led to a significant decrease in P-NF-κB P65 levels. Moreover, combined with VIP > 1 and p < 0.05 as screening criteria, the corresponding retention time and characteristic mass to charge ratio were compared with the NIST library, Match score > 80%, and a total of 15 differential metabolites were screened. EA administration significantly regulated 9 of 15 metabolites in rat serum. The 15 differential metabolites involved linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, galactose metabolism, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids and glycerolipid metabolism. Pharmacodynamic correlation analysis was conducted between 15 different metabolites and six detection indexes. There was a significant correlation between 13 metabolites and six detection indexes. D-(-)-lactic acid, glycerin, phosphoric acid, 5-oxo-L-proline were negatively correlated with TNF-α, and p values were statistically significant except for L-tyrosine. In addition, glycerin was negatively correlated with IL-6, PGE2 and MDA, while phosphoric acid was negatively correlated with IL-6. In conclusion, EA may play an antipyretic anti-inflammatory role through the inhibition of the IKB-α/NF-κB signaling pathway and five metabolic pathways, which may contribute to a further understanding of the therapeutic mechanisms of the fever of EA.

9.
Vaccine ; 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738970

RESUMO

The mass inoculation of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine to induce herd immunity is one of the most effective measures to fight COVID-19. The vaccination of pregnant women cannot only avoid or reduce the probability of infectious diseases, but also offers the most effective and direct protection for neonates by means of passive immunization. However, there is no randomized clinical data to ascertain whether the inactivated vaccination of pregnant women or women of childbearing age can affect conception and the fetus. We found that human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) mice that were vaccinated with two doses of CoronaVac (an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine) before and during pregnancy exhibited normal weight changes and reproductive performance indices; the physical development of their offspring was also normal. Following intranasal inoculation with SARS-CoV-2, pregnant mice in the immunization group all survived; reproductive performance indices and the physical development of offspring were all normal. In contrast, mice in the non-immunization group all died before delivery. Analyses showed that inoculation of CoronaVac was safe and did not exert any significant effects on pregnancy, lactation, or the growth of offspring in hACE2 mice. Vaccination effectively protected the pregnant mice against SARS-CoV-2 infection and had no adverse effects on the growth and development of the offspring, thus suggesting that inoculation with an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine may be an effective strategy to prevent infection in pregnant women.

10.
FASEB J ; 36(7): e22411, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695805

RESUMO

NgBR is the Nogo-B receptor, encoded by NUS1 gene. As NgBR contains a C-terminal domain that is similar to cis-isoprenyltransferase (cis-IPTase), NgBR was speculated to stabilize nascent Niemann-Pick type C 2 (NPC2) to facilitate cholesterol transport out of lysosomes. Mutations in the NUS1 were known as risk factors for Parkinson's disease (PD). In our previous study, it was shown that knockdown of Drosophila NUS1 orthologous gene tango14 causes decreased climbing ability, loss of dopaminergic neurons, and decreased dopamine contents. In this study, tango14 mutant flies were generated with a mutation in the C-terminal enzyme activity region using CRISPR/Cas9. Tango14 mutant showed a reduced lifespan with locomotive defects and cholesterol accumulation in Malpighian tubules and brains, especially in dopaminergic neurons. Multilamellar bodies were found in tango14 mutants using electron microscopy. Neurodegenerative-related brain vacuolization was also detected in tango14 knockdown flies in an age-dependent manner. In addition, tango14 knockdown increased α-synuclein (α-syn) neurotoxicity in α-syn-overexpressing flies, with decreased locomotive activities, dopamine contents, and the numbers of dopaminergic neurons in aging flies. Thus, these observations suggest a role of NUS1, the ortholog of tango14, in PD-related pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Colesterol , Dopamina , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/patologia , Drosophila/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , alfa-Sinucleína/genética
11.
Mol Pharm ; 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35704773

RESUMO

Activated T cells played critical roles in immunotherapy and adoptive T cell therapy, and a non-invasive imaging strategy can provide us useful information concerning the transportation, accumulation, and homing of T cells in vivo. In this paper, by utilizing the long half-life radionuclide iodine-124 (124I) and CD25 specific monoclonal antibody Basiliximab, we have fabricated a novel probe, namely, 124I-Basiliximab, which was highly promising in the immuno-PET imaging of T cells. In vitro, 124I-Basiliximab had superior affinity to CD25 protein (Kd = 5.31 nM) and exhibited much higher accumulation in CD25 high-expression lymphoma cell line Karpas299 than that in CD25-negative cell line Daudi. In vivo, 124I-Basiliximab was excreted slowly from the body of mice, rendering it a relatively high effective dose (0.393 mSv/MBq) when applied in the immuno-PET imaging. In Karpas299 tumor xenograft, 124I-Basiliximab probe was observed to accumulate in the tumor quickly after tracer administration, with the optimal image acquired at 24 h post-injection. More importantly, PHA-activated hPBMC had much higher uptake of 124I-Basiliximab, indicating the potential utility of 124I-Basiliximab to discriminate activated hPBMC from its non-activated status. In summary, 124I-Basiliximab was fabricated for the first time, which can be applied in CD25-targeted immuno-PET imaging of activated T cells in vivo.

12.
Bioconjug Chem ; 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687724

RESUMO

Nanobodies have been developed rapidly as targeted probes for molecular imaging owing to their high affinity, outstanding tissue penetration, and rapid blood clearance. However, the short retention time at the tumor site limits their application in targeted radionuclide therapy. In this study, we designed a dual-targeting nanobody referred to as MIRC213-709, which can specifically bind to the HER2 receptor in tumor cell lines with high affinity (by nanobody MIRC213) and endogenous IgG in plasma to prolong the half-life by the MIRC213 C-terminal fusion nanobody, MIRC709. The nanobodies were site-specifically radiolabeled with 99mTc and 177Lu, and radiochemical purity was >95% after purification. The long blood circulation time and tumor retention property of 99mTc/177Lu-MIRC213-709 were confirmed by a blood clearance assay, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and a biodistribution study. The blood clearance assay showed that the distribution phase half-life (T1/2α) and elimination phase half-life (T1/2ß) of 99mTc-MIRC213-709 were 6.74- and 19.04-fold longer than those of 99mTc-MIRC213, respectively. The SPECT/CT and biodistribution results showed that the highest uptake of 177Lu-MIRC213 in the NCI-N87 model was 5.24 ± 0.95% ID/g at 6 h p.i., while the highest uptake of 177Lu-MIRC213-709 in the NCI-N87 model was 30.82 ± 7.29% ID/g at 48 h p.i. Compared with 177Lu-MIRC213, 177Lu-MIRC213-709 had a 16.9-fold increased tumor cumulative uptake (2606 ± 195.1 vs 153.9 ± 22.37% ID/g·h). The targeted radionuclide therapy assay was performed in the NCI-N87 tumor model, and treatment monitoring ended on day 32. The post-treatment/pretreatment tumor volumes were 12.99 ± 1.66, 3.58 ± 0.96, 1.26 ± 0.17, and 1.54 ± 0.50 in the 0, 9, and 18 MBq single-dose groups and the two 9 MBq divided dose group (14 days apart), respectively. All treatment groups showed significant therapeutic effects (P < 0.0001). Thus, fusion with the IgG-binding nanobody MIRC709 provides MIRC213 derivatives with improved metabolic properties for targeted radionuclide therapy.

13.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 868632, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711363

RESUMO

Rationale: While reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been recognized as one of the main causes of cardiac injury following myocardial infarction, the clinical application of antioxidants has shown limited effects on protecting hearts against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Thus, the precise role of ROS following cardiac injury remains to be fully elucidated. Objective: We investigated the role of mitsugumin 53 (MG53) in regulating necroptosis following I/R injury to the hearts and the involvement of ROS in MG53-mediated cardioprotection. Methods and Results: Antioxidants were used to test the role of ROS in MG53-mediated cardioprotection in the mouse model of I/R injury and induced human pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)-derived cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia or re-oxygenation (H/R) injury. Western blotting and co-immunoprecipitation were used to identify potential cell death pathways that MG53 was involved in. CRISPR/Cas 9-mediated genome editing and mutagenesis assays were performed to further identify specific interaction amino acids between MG53 and its ubiquitin E3 ligase substrate. We found that MG53 could protect myocardial injury via inhibiting the necroptosis pathway. Upon injury, the generation of ROS in the infarct zone of the hearts promoted interaction between MG53 and receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1). As an E3 ubiquitin ligase, MG53 added multiple ubiquitin chains to RIPK1 at the sites of K316, K604, and K627 for proteasome-mediated RIPK1 degradation and inhibited necroptosis. The application of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) disrupted the interaction between MG53 and RIPK1 and abolished MG53-mediated cardioprotective effects. Conclusions: Taken together, this study provided a molecular mechanism of a potential beneficial role of ROS following acute myocardial infarction. Thus, fine-tuning ROS levels might be critical for cardioprotection.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716309

RESUMO

Regional contamination by electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) not only composes a serious environmental problem but also leads to severe valuable resources waste. Directly recovering manganese and ammonium sulfate is a promising way, but it is still challenging to efficiently recover without high water consumption. Herein, a recovery method based on water column leaching under extremely low water consumption was firstly reported. The effect of continuous leaching and intermittent leaching on leaching behaviors, leaching trends, and spatial variations of (NH4)2SO4 and Mn with depth after leaching were fully investigated. Results indicated that some Mn-bearing soluble salts which covered on the surface of SiO2 in the micropores could be fully dissolved and transported out of the micropores in the EMR with the help of rest periods in the method of intermittent leaching, resulting in higher leaching efficiencies with comparison to continuous leaching, 73.50% of Mn and 67.71% of (NH4)2SO4 and 71.57% of Mn and 65.40% of (NH4)2SO4 were recovered by intermittent leaching and continuous leaching, respectively. This work demonstrates a practical approach to recover valuable materials from industrial solid wastes.

15.
Theriogenology ; 188: 28-36, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661480

RESUMO

The expression and function of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) gene in bovine cumulus cells (CCs) was investigated to reveal the mechanisms by which it regulated cell apoptosis and proliferation. The mRNA and protein expression of BMP4 were detected using quantitative PCR (qPCR) and immunofluorescence staining in CCs. The effective siRNAs against BMP4 gene were screened using qPCR and western blotting. The mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related genes and proliferation-related genes were estimated by qPCR after knocking-down the BMP4 gene in bovine CCs. Cell apoptosis, proliferation and cell cycle were measured with Annexin V-FITC, CCK-8 and propidium iodide staining by flow cytometry. Results showed that the BMP4 gene was expressed and its protein was in the cytoplasm and nuclei of bovine CCs. The BMP4 knockdown increased the cell apoptosis rate and upregulated the mRNA levels of apoptosis genes CASPASE-3 and BAX with downregulation of the anti-apoptosis gene BCL-2 (P < 0.05). The proliferation rate declined and the mRNA expression levels of proliferation-related genes PCNA, CDC42 and CCND2 were downregulated in the bovine CCs with BMP4 low expression (P < 0.05). The BMP4 knockdown significantly increased the percentage of G0/G1 phase cells while decreased that of S phase cells. Therefore, the expression of BMP4 and its biological functions on the cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of bovine CCs were first studied. BMP4 knockdown induced cell apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and inhibited proliferation of bovine CCs.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Células do Cúmulo , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/genética , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/farmacologia , Bovinos , Proliferação de Células , Células do Cúmulo/metabolismo , Feminino , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
16.
Viruses ; 14(5)2022 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35632591

RESUMO

Primary varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection causes varicella, which remains a prominent public health concern in children. Current varicella vaccines adopt the live-attenuated Oka strain, vOka, which retains the ability to infect neurons, establish latency and reactivate, leading to vaccine-associated zoster in some vaccinees. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a safer next-generation varicella vaccine to help reduce vaccine hesitancy. This paper reviews the discovery and identification of the skin- and neuro-tropic factor, the open reading frame 7 (ORF7) of VZV, as well as the development of a skin- and neuro-attenuated live varicella vaccine comprising an ORF7-deficient mutant, v7D. This work could provide insights into the research of novel virus vaccines based on functional genomics and reverse genetics.


Assuntos
Varicela , Herpes Zoster , Varicela/prevenção & controle , Vacina contra Varicela/efeitos adversos , Criança , Herpesvirus Humano 3/genética , Humanos , Vacinas Atenuadas
17.
Front Public Health ; 10: 760746, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493383

RESUMO

Influenza is a global serious public health threat. Seasonal influenza among children in Chongqing has been a heavy health burden. To date, few studies have examined the spatial and temporal characteristics of influenza. This research sheds new light on correlating them with influenza outbreaks with data of over 5 years (2014-2018). All cluster outbreaks among preschool and school-age children reported in Chongqing were collected through the Public Health Emergency Management Information System. The demographical, epidemiological, and clinical data of the cases were analyzed. From 2014 to 2018, a total of 111 preschool- and school-based influenza-like illness outbreaks involving 3,549 cases were identified. Several clinical symptoms that were analyzed in this study showed significant contrast between influenza A and B. Spatial autocorrelation analysis over the 5-year data detected Xiushan district being the most likely cluster. The exploration of the spatial distribution and clinical characteristics of influenza cluster of children in Chongqing could help the effective implementation of health policies. Future studies should be conducted to monitor the outbreaks of influenza among children.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Previsões , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(9): 2541-2546, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531702

RESUMO

To investigate the toxicity and related mechanism of miltirone to human acute myeloid leukemia THP-1 cells. To be specific, the active components and targets of miltirone were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the target proteins were converted into standard gene names with UniProt. Acute leukemia-rela-ted target genes were screened from GeneCards and DisGeNET. Venn diagram was constructed with Venny 2.1 to yield the common targets of the disease and the drug. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape 3.8.2. THP-1 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were treated with dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO), and 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 µmol·L~(-1) miltirone for 24 h, respectively. The proliferation rate of cells was analyzed by carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester(CFSE), apoptosis rate by flow cytometry with Annexin V-PE/7 AAD staining, and cell morphology by acridine orange staining. Real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR) was employed to detect the mRNA levels of nuclear receptor coactivator 2(NCOA2), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1(PARP1), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)-associated X protein(Bax), Bcl-2, and cysteine aspartyl protease-3(caspase-3). The effect of miltirone on apoptosis was detected in presence of caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. A total of 26 targets of miltirone, 1 046 genes related to acute leukemia, and 6 common targets of the two were screened out. Flow cytometry result showed miltirone at 10 µmol·L~(-1) can inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of THP-1 cells. The typical manifestations of apoptosis, such as cell shrinkage, nuclear rupture, and chromatin agglomerate were displayed by acridine orange staining. The decreased mRNA levels of NCOA2 and PARP1 and increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and the activity of pro-apoptotic protein caspase-3 were observed. Z-VAD-FMK can attenuate the apoptosis-inducing effect of miltirone. This study indicates that miltirone can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of THP-1 cells, by down-regulating NCOA2 and PARP1, raising Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and activating caspase-3.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Fenantrenos , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia/genética , Leucemia/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Células THP-1 , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 876581, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530320

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the predictive and prognostic value of baseline metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and the Peking criteria from serial positron emission tomography (PET) scans in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, including 300 newly diagnosed patients who were prospectively treated with 2-4 cycles of standard first-line treatment (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02928861). PET/computed tomography (CT) examinations were performed at baseline, after two (PET-2) or four cycles (PET-4). PET during the interim was evaluated using Deauville 5-point scales (5-PS), ΔSUVmax criteria, and the Peking criteria which interpreted based on the maximum standard uptake of the liver (SUVmax-liver). Peking criteria had better accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and specificity than other two methods. The MTV and Peking criteria both significantly predicted progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). An MTV > 191 cm2 and Peking criteria of PET-2 and PET-4 > 1.6-fold SUVmax-liver was used as the cutoff for a positive result. PET-4 achieved higher accuracy, PPV, and specificity for 2-year PFS (83.3%, 86.7%, and 98.4%, respectively) and OS (92.6%, 73.3%, and 97.2%, respectively) than PET-2. Various prognostic models containing different risk factors were established via Cox regression analysis. The MTV and PET-2/PET-4 results were used to categorized patients into low-risk, intermediate-risk, and high-risk prognostic groups (with 0, 1, and 2 risk factors, respectively) (P < 0.0001). High burden MTV and positive PET-2 and PET-4 (>1.6-fold SUVmax-liver) could identify high-risk patients with 2-year PFS and OS of 0.0% and 26.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: N/A to 54.3%). When PET-2 and PET-4 were evaluated by 5-PS, the 2-year PFS and OS from high risk patients of three-parameters model achieved 31.4% (95%CI: 6.9%-55.9%) and 42.7% (95%CI: 14.6%-70.7%). In conclusion, combining baseline MTV and any regular response on PET/CT evaluated using the Peking criteria can improve prognostic value. Serial PET/CT from baseline MTV to PET-4 may have relatively greater predictive power for poor prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier (NCT02928861).

20.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(5): 1736-1741, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502063

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate changes in the levator palpebrae superioris (LPS) muscle on 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after triamcinolone acetonide injection for treating upper lid retraction (ULR) with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and to explore the value of LPS muscle quantitative measurement for clinical treatment. Methods: Patients with GO showing ULR were studied retrospectively and they underwent 3.0 T MRI scans before and after subconjunctival injection o f triamcinolone acetonide. The largest thickness (T) and highest signal intensity (SI) of LPS muscle on the affected eyes were measured in the sequences of coronal T2-weighted, fat-suppressed fast spin echo imaging (T2WI-fs) and T1-weighted, fat-suppressed, contrast-enhanced fast spin echo imaging (T1WI-fs + C), respectively. The SI ratio (SIR) (LPS muscle SI/ipsilateral temporalis SI) was calculated individually. Depending on the therapeutic effect, patients were divided into effective group and non-effective group. Independent t-test was used to compare SIR and T of LPS muscle in different treatment groups before treatment, and paired sample t-test was used to compare SIR and T of LPS muscle before and after treatment. Then cut-off level for predicting therapeutic effect and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve were analyzed. Results: Sixty-two patients (77 eyes) were enrolled. After treatment, the T of LPS muscle showed significant decrease in all sequences in both effective and non-effective treatment groups. However, changes in SIR of LPS muscle in the two groups were different; SIR of LPS muscle on T2WI-fs and T1WI-fs + C decreased after treatment in the effective group (PT2 < 0.001, PT1 + C < 0.001) and SIR of LPS muscle showed no statistically difference in all sequences (all P > 0.05) in the non-effective group. There was a correlation between SIR of LPS muscle before treatment and after treatment with triamcinolone acetonide injection, which was that SIR of LPS muscle in the effective treatment group was lower than that in the non-effective treatment group on T1WI-fs + C (P < 0.001). SIR of LPS muscle on T1WI-fs + C showed 87.5% sensitivity and 66.7% specificity to predict therapeutic effect (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.840). Conclusion: In GO patients with ULR, 3.0 T MRI can be used to evaluate the response of triamcinolone acetonide injection. SIR of LPS may be a predictor of its efficacy.


Assuntos
Doenças Palpebrais , Triancinolona Acetonida , Túnica Conjuntiva , Doenças Palpebrais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos da Visão
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