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1.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026916

RESUMO

Plasmonic structure color has significant potential for visual biochemical sensing by simple instrumentation or even naked eye detection. Herein, we present a visual and real-time sensing strategy for refraction index sensing and detection of the biotin-avidin system based on three-dimensional cavity-coupled metamaterials. These metamaterials composed of a top array of gold disks, aluminium pillars and a bottom reflection film of aluminium have structures similar to the metal-insulator-metal structure. The insulating layer comprises air-gap cavities that are easily filled with gaseous or liquid dielectrics. Therefore, analytes can permeate into the nano-scale cavities and produce strong light-matter interactions. The sensor shows that any tiny change in the refraction index will induce a significant color variation and the sensitivity reaches 683.5 nm per refraction index unit with a figure of merit of 3.5. The color of the metamaterials changes from rose-red to violet and then loden after a monomolecular layer of thiolated biotin and streptavidin bind to the surface of the nanostructure successively. This sensing strategy offers new opportunities for the convenient detection of proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e1907058, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030824

RESUMO

The development of narrow-bandgap (Eg ≈ 1.2 eV) mixed tin-lead (Sn-Pb) halide perovskites enables all-perovskite tandem solar cells. Whereas pure-lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have advanced simultaneously in efficiency and stability, achieving this crucial combination remains a challenge in Sn-Pb PSCs. Here, Sn-Pb perovskite grains are anchored with ultrathin layered perovskites to overcome the efficiency-stability tradeoff. Defect passivation is achieved both on the perovskite film surface and at grain boundaries, an approach implemented by directly introducing phenethylammonium ligands in the antisolvent. This improves device operational stability and also avoids the excess formation of layered perovskites that would otherwise hinder charge transport. Sn-Pb PSCs with fill factors of 79% and a certified power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 18.95% are reported-among the highest for Sn-Pb PSCs. Using this approach, a 200-fold enhancement in device operating lifetime is achieved relative to the nonpassivated Sn-Pb PSCs under full AM1.5G illumination, and a 200 h diurnal operating time without efficiency drop is achieved under filtered AM1.5G illumination.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e1907392, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053273

RESUMO

Metal halide perovskites have recently attracted enormous attention for photovoltaic applications due to their superior optical and electrical properties. Lead (Pb) halide perovskites stand out among this material series, with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) over 25%. According to the Shockley-Queisser (SQ) limit, lead halide perovskites typically exhibit bandgaps that are not within the optimal range for single-junction solar cells. Partial or complete replacement of lead with tin (Sn) is gaining increasing research interest, due to the promise of further narrowing the bandgaps. This enables ideal solar utilization for single-junction solar cells as well as the construction of all-perovskite tandem solar cells. In addition, the usage of Sn provides a path to the fabrication of lead-free or Pb-reduced perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Recent progress in addressing the challenges of fabricating efficient Sn halide and mixed lead-tin (Pb-Sn) halide PSCs is summarized herein. Mixed Pb-Sn halide perovskites hold promise not only for higher efficiency and more stable single-junction solar cells but also for efficient all-perovskite monolithic tandem solar cells.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975550

RESUMO

Lithium metal anodes are among the most promising candidates for high energy density batteries. However, the long-standing issue of lithium dendrites growth during repeated charge and discharge cycles, which often leads to short circuit by puncturing the porous separator, impedes its practical application. Here, inspired by the defensive armor shield, we provide a morphological design "nano-shield" for separators to resist dendrites. Through both mechanical analysis and experiment, it is revealed that the separator protected by this nano-shield can effectively inhibit the penetration of lithium dendrites by reducing stress intensity and providing high tortuosity , a nd therefore mitigate the short circuit of Li metal batteries. More than 110 h of lithium plating life is achieved in Li/Li cell tests, which is among the longest cycle life of lithium metal anode and five times longer than that of blank separators. This new aspect of morphological and mechanical design combining both theoretical understanding and experimental results not only provides an alternative pathway for extending lifetime of lithium metal anodes, but also sheds a light on the role of separator engineering for various electrochemical energy storage devices .

6.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Compared with conventional endoscopy, magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy (MCCG) can be further optimized in gastric examination time and complete visualization of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) mucosa. The second-generation MCCG (MCCG-2) was developed with higher image resolution and adaptive frame rate, and we aimed to evaluate its clinical availability for UGI examination in this study. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing MCCG examination between May to June 2019 were prospectively enrolled and randomized to swallow the first-generation MCCG (MCCG-1) or MCCG-2 in a 1:1 ratio. The main outcomes included visualization of the esophagus and duodenum, operation related parameters, image quality, maneuverability, detection of lesions, as well as safety evaluation. RESULTS: Eighty patients were enrolled. In MCCG-2 group, frames captured for esophageal mucosa and Z-line were 171.00 and 2.00, significantly increased from those in MCCG-1 group with 97.00 and 0.00 (P=0.002 and 0.028). The gastric examination time was shortened from 7.78±0.97 min to 5.27±0.74 min (P<0.001), with the total running time of capsule extended from 702.83 min to 1001.99 min (P<0.001). MCCG-2 also greatly improved the image quality (P<0.001) and maneuverability (P<0.01). No statistical difference existed in the detection of lesions between the 2 groups, and no adverse events occurred. CONCLUSIONS: MCCG-2 showed better performance in mucosal visualization, examination duration and maneuverability, making better diagnosis of UGI diseases a possibility.

7.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984732

RESUMO

A catalytic amount of FeCl3 combined with benzoyl trifluoroacetone (Hbtfa) (FeCl3/Hbtfa = 1/2) was used to catalyze sulfonylation/acylation of diols and polyols using diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA) or potassium carbonate (K2CO3) as a base. The catalytic system exhibited high catalytic activity, leading to excellent isolated yields of sulfonylation/acylation products with high regioselectivities. Mechanism studies indicated that FeCl3 initially formed [Fe(btfa)3] (btfa = benzoyl trifluoroacetonate) with twice the amount of Hbtfa under basic conditions in the solvent acetonitrile at room temperature. Then, Fe(btfa)3 and two hydroxyl groups of the substrates formed a five- or six-membered ring intermediate in the presence of the base. The subsequent reaction between the cyclic intermediate and a sulfonylation reagent led to the selective sulfonylation of the substrate. All key intermediates were captured in the high-resolution mass spectrometry assay, therefore demonstrating this mechanism for the first time.

8.
Pharmacology ; : 1-8, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the protective effects of ganoderic acid A (GAA) on bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: ICR mice were intratracheally instilled with BLM to induce pulmonary fibrosis on day 0. Then the mice were orally given GAA (25, 50 mg/kg) or dexamethasone (2 mg/kg). After treatment for 21 days, the mice were sacrificed. Wet dry weight (W/D) ratio of lung was used to detect pulmonary edema. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to evaluate the pathological changes. The levels of transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß), phosphorylated-smad3 (p-smad3), p-IκB, and p-nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in lung tissue were detected by western blot. RESULTS: GAA treatment significantly improved MPO activity, W/D ratio, and lung histopathology. The protective effect of GAA may be related to downregulation of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, MDA and upregulation of SOD. In addition, GAA significantly decreased the levels of TGF-ß, p-smad3, p-IκB, and p-NF-κB, compared with those in BLM group. CONCLUSION: GAA has protective effect on BLM-induced lung injury, and TGF-ß/Smad-3/NF-κB signaling pathway may play an important role in the pathogenesis of BLM-induced lung injury.

9.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(1): 64-76, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898443

RESUMO

Proteasome inhibitors have shown remarkable success in the treatment of hematologic neoplasm. There has been a lot of attention to applying these drugs for solid tumor treatment. Recent preclinical study has signified the effectiveness on cell proliferation inhibition in lung adenocarcinoma treated by carfilzomib (CFZ), a second generation proteasome inhibitor. However, no insight has been gained regarding the mechanism. In this study, we have systematically investigated the CFZ functions in cell proliferation and growth, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Flow cytometry experiments showed that CFZ significantly induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma. MTS and colony formation assays revealed that CFZ substantially inhibited survival of lung adenocarcinoma cells. All results were consistently correlated to the upregulation expression of Gadd45a, which is an important gene in modulating cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in response to physiologic and environmental stresses. Here, upregulation of Gadd45a expression was observed after CFZ treatment. Knocking down Gadd45a expression suppressed G2/M arrest and apoptosis in CFZ-treated cells, and reduced cytotoxicity of this drug. The protein expression analysis has further identified that the AKT/FOXO3a pathway is involved in Gadd45a upregulation after CFZ treatment. These findings unveil a novel mechanism of proteasome inhibitor in anti-solid tumor activity, and shed light on novel preferable therapeutic strategy for lung adenocarcinoma. We believe that Gadd45a expression can be a highly promising candidate predictor in evaluating the efficacy of proteasome inhibitors in solid tumor therapy.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993906

RESUMO

Aerobic CH4 oxidation coupled to denitrification (AME-D) can not only mitigate the emission of greenhouse gas (e.g., CH4) to the atmosphere, but also reduce NO3- and/or NO2- and alleviate nitrogen pollution. The effects of O2 tension on the community and functional gene expression of methanotrophs and denitrifiers were investigated in this study. Although higher CH4 oxidation occurred in the AME-D system with an initial O2 concentration of 21% (i.e., the O2-sufficient condition), more NO3--N was removed at the initial O2 concentration of 10% (i.e., the O2-limited environment). Type I methanotrophs, including Methylocaldum, Methylobacter, Methylococcus, Methylomonas, and Methylomicrobium, and type II methanotrophs, including Methylocystis and Methylosinus, dominated in the AME-D systems. Compared with type II methanotrophs, type I methanotrophs were more abundant in the AME-D systems. Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria were the main denitrifiers in the AME-D systems, and their compositions varied with the O2 tension. Quantitative PCR of the pmoA, nirS, and 16S rRNA genes showed that methanotrophs and denitrifiers were the main microorganisms in the AME-D systems, accounting for 46.4% and 24.1% in the O2-limited environment, respectively. However, the relative transcripts of the functional genes including pmoA, mmoX, nirK, nirS, and norZ were all less than 1%, especially the functional genes involved in denitrification under the O2-sufficient condition, likely due to the majority of the denitrifiers being dormant or even nonviable. These findings indicated that an optimal O2 concentration should be used to optimize the activity and functional gene expression of aerobic methanotrophs and denitrifiers in AME-D systems.

11.
Life Sci ; 245: 117353, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987873

RESUMO

AIMS: Present study was conducted to optimize the processing parameters for galactooligosaccharides (GOS) synthesis from whey powder followed by exploring its prebiotic efficiency. MAIN METHODS: All factors (initial lactose concentration, pH, reaction time, temperature and enzyme to substrate ratio; E/S) were analyzed by single factor analysis and optimization for GOS yield was done following the orthogonal experimental design. For in vivo analysis, 60 mice were equally divided into four groups (normal control, NC; low, medium, and high dose of GOS, LG, MG and HG) and fed varying levels (0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 g/kg bw per day) of GOS, for 30 days and sampling was done at the end of experiment regarding gut health, immunity, cecal microbiota and metabolites. KEY FINDINGS: Optimum yield of GOS (25.1%) was obtained at reaction time 25 min, temperature 50 °C, pH 4.5 and the enzyme to substrate ratio (E/S) of 20 U/g. In vivo experiment, shallower crypt and greater villus to crypt ratio (V/C) were found in the duodenum of LG treatment compared to NC mice (P < .05). The GOS promotes thymus development and improve immunity. Intervention with GOS increased the population of bifidobacterium and lactobacillus in MG and bifidobacterium in LG mice (P < .05), and was accompanied by decreased proliferation of desulfovibrio. Correlation analysis also supported the above findings. SIGNIFICANCE: This study optimized the processing parameters for GOS preparation and provided data encouraging to suggest that GOS can be a potential option to improve the gut health and immunity.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995378

RESUMO

Neocryptolepine is an alkaloid isolated from traditional African herbal medicine Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, and its broad spectrum of biological activities has been illuminated in past decades. In this study, neocryptolepine and its derivatives (1-49) were designed and synthesized from economical and readily available starting materials. Their structures were confirmed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance, carbon nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry. The synthesized compounds were screened for their antifungal profile against six agriculturally important fungi Rhizoctonia solani, Botrytis cinerea (B. cinerea), Fusarium graminearum, Mycosphaerella melonis, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, and Magnaporthe oryzae. The results of in vitro assay revealed that compounds 5, 21, 24, 35, 40, 45, and 47 presented remarkable antifungal activity against the fungi tested with EC50 values lower than 1 µg/mL. Significantly, compound 24 displayed the most effective inhibitory potency against B. cinerea (EC50 = 0.07 µg/mL), and the data from in vivo experiments revealed that compound 24 demonstrated comparable protective activity with the positive control boscalid. Preliminary mechanism studies indicated that compound 24 showed impressive spore germination inhibitory effectiveness and lower cytotoxicity than azoxystrobin, imparted on normal function of the cell membrane and cell wall, and arrested the normal function of the nucleus. Besides the excellent inhibitory activity against agriculturally important phytopathogenic fungi tested, the designed assemblage possesses several benefits with a high profile of variation in synthesized molecules, the ease of synthesis, and good cost-effectiveness of commercially available synthetic reagents, all of these have highlighted the potential worth of compound 24 as a new and highly efficient agricultural fungicide.

13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 191: 110228, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982684

RESUMO

An efficient MnCeOx composite was successfully synthesized for activation of persulfate to degrade acid orange 7 (AO7) and ofloxacin. Pollutants degradation efficiencies with different catalytic systems were investigated. Results showed the performance of MnCeOx was better than MnOx, CeO2 and MnOx + CeO2. Thus, there was a clear synergistic effect (Se) between Mn and Ce in the composite, and the Se was 73.8% for AO7 and 39.6% for ofloxacin. In addition, AO7 removal fitted 1st order reaction while ofloxacin removal fitted 2nd order reaction in MnCeOx/persulfate system. Moreover, MnCeOx/persulfate system showed high efficiency in pH range of 5-9. Mechanism analysis showed that SO4- and OH on the surface of the catalyst were the main active species, and O2- also played an important role in pollutants degradation. Furthermore, MnCeOx showed high activity in actual water. Finally, the possible degradation pathway of ofloxacin was proposed according to the high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry result. Overall, this study provides an efficient and stable catalyst to activate persulfate to degrade refractory pollutants.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957265

RESUMO

This study sought to find more exon mutation sites and lncRNA candidates associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with obesity (O-T2DM). We used O-T2DM patients and healthy individuals to detect mutations in their peripheral blood by whole-exon sequencing. And changes in lncRNA expression caused by mutation sites were studied at the RNA level. Then, we performed GO analysis and KEGG pathway analysis. We found a total of 277 377 mutation sites between O-T2DM and healthy individuals. Then, we performed a DNA-RNA joint analysis. Based on the screening of harmful sites, 30 mutant genes shared in O-T2DM patients were screened. At the RNA level, mutations of 106 differentially expressed genes were displayed. Finally, a consensus mutation site and differential expression consensus gene screening were performed. In the current study, the results revealed significant differences in exon sites in peripheral blood between O-T2DM and healthy individuals, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of O-T2DM by affecting the expression of the corresponding lncRNA. This study provides clues to the molecular mechanisms of metabolic disorders in O-T2DM patients at the DNA and RNA levels, as well as biomarkers of the risk of these disorders.

15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(D1): D320-D327, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906602

RESUMO

Liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) leads to a conversion of homogeneous solution into a dense phase that often resembles liquid droplets, and a dilute phase. An increasing number of investigations have shown that biomolecular condensates formed by LLPS play important roles in both physiology and pathology. It has been suggested the phase behavior of proteins would be not only determined by sequences, but controlled by micro-environmental conditions. Here, we introduce LLPSDB (http://bio-comp.ucas.ac.cn/llpsdb or http://bio-comp.org.cn/llpsdb), a web-accessible database providing comprehensive, carefully curated collection of proteins involved in LLPS as well as corresponding experimental conditions in vitro from published literatures. The current release of LLPSDB incorporates 1182 entries with 273 independent proteins and 2394 specific conditions. The database provides a variety of data including biomolecular information (protein sequence, protein modification, nucleic acid, etc.), specific phase separation information (experimental conditions, phase behavior description, etc.) and comprehensive annotations. To our knowledge, LLPSDB is the first available database designed for LLPS related proteins specifically. It offers plenty of valuable resources for exploring the relationship between protein sequence and phase behavior, and will enhance the development of phase separation prediction methods, which may further provide more insights into a comprehensive understanding of LLPS in cellular function and related diseases.

17.
Dig Liver Dis ; 52(2): 143-148, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The SPINK1 c.194 + 2T > C variant has been increasingly recognized as an important risk factor for chronic pancreatitis (CP). However, there is no clear agreement on its contribution to different ethnicities and CP etiologies. To address this issue, a meta-analysis of literature was performed. METHODS: Studies addressing the presence of the SPINK1 c.194 + 2T > C variant in CP patients and controls were retrieved from the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases. Initial analysis included all CP patients, followed by subgroup analyses for East Asian and non-East Asian patients, and for idiopathic CP (ICP) and non-ICP. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were retrieved for analysis, comprising 2097 cases and 4019 controls. There were 126 cases (10.01%) carrying the SPINK1 c.194 + 2T > C variant in cases, while only two controls were carriers (0.05%). Overall, the variant was significantly associated with an increased risk of CP (OR = 25.73). In the subgroup, the variant was significantly associated with increased risk of CP in East Asians (OR = 73.16), and in non-East Asians (OR = 10.21). Further, the contribution of the variant in ICP (OR = 35.31) was found to be higher than in non-ICP (25.75). CONCLUSIONS: The SPINK1 c.194 + 2T > C variant is a strong risk factor for CP, especially in East Asian patients with ICP.

18.
Nanotechnology ; 31(14): 145703, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835264

RESUMO

Eutectic gallium-indium (EGaIn) alloy is a kind of liquid metal and has attracted much attention due to good properties. In order to satisfy the trend of miniaturization and realize more practical applications, the exploration for preparation method and properties of EGaIn at nanoscale are very important. Here, facile vacuum thermal evaporation method is developed to fabricate EGaIn nanostructures. The EGaIn nanoparticle and nanofilm with naturally formed 5 nm thick oxide layers are well prepared. The oxide film formed on the EGaIn surface is an important factor, making the properties of the nanostructure different from the properties of the bulk. Compared with ignorance of oxide layer in bulk materials, the proportion of oxide layer increases evidently in nanostructures, which produce obvious influence on the electric and optical properties. The rectifying characteristic and optoelectronic performance are experimentally observed. The EGaIn nanostructures can generate evident photocurrent responses with good responsivities (∼1 mA W-1) and response speed (∼1 s) under irradiation of 206 nm, 405 nm, 532 nm, 635 nm, 808 nm, 1064 nm and 10.6 µm lasers. These properties are completely different from the metallic properties of EGaIn bulk material.

19.
Diabetes Care ; 43(1): 22-28, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308020

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate glycemia and metrics of glucose variability in youth with type 1 diabetes, and to assess patterns of 24-h glucose variability according to pubertal status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Metrics of glycemia, glucose variability, and glucose patterns were assessed by using 4 weeks of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) data from 107 youth aged 8-17 years with type 1 diabetes for ≥1 year. Glucose values per hour were expressed as percentages relative to the mean glucose over 24 h for a 4-week period. Glucose data were compared on the basis of pubertal status-prepubertal (Tanner stage [T] 1), pubertal (T2-4), and postpubertal (T5)-and A1C categories (<7.5% [<58 mmol/mol], ≥7.5% [≥58 mmol/mol]). RESULTS: Youth (50% female, 95% white) had a mean ± SD age of 13.1 ± 2.6 years, diabetes duration of 6.3 ± 3.5 years, and A1C of 7.8 ± 0.8% (62 ± 9 mmol/mol); 88% were pump treated. Prepubertal youth had a higher mean glucose SD (86 ± 12 mg/dL [4.8 ± 0.7 mmol/L]; P = 0.01) and coefficient of variation (CV) (43 ± 5%; P = 0.06) than did pubertal (SD 79 ± 13 mg/dL [4.4 ± 0.7 mmol/L]; CV 41 ± 5%) and postpubertal (SD 77 ± 14 mg/dL [4.3 ± 0.8 mmol/L]; CV 40 ± 5%) youth. Over 24 h, prepubertal youth had the largest excursions from mean glucose and the highest CV across most hours compared with pubertal and postpubertal youth. Across all youth, CV was strongly correlated with the percentage of time with glucose <70 mg/dL (<3.9 mmol/L) (r = 0.79; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Prepubertal youth had greater glucose variability independent of A1C than did pubertal and postpubertal youth. A1C alone does not capture the full range of glycemic parameters, highlighting the added insight of CGM in managing youth with type 1 diabetes.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 300: 122595, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887583

RESUMO

In order to explore the treatment efficiency of optoelectronic wastewater and pollutant degradation mechanism of full-scale two-stage AO process, 160 d monitoring was conducted in this study. The results showed that the two-stage AO process owned relatively stable nitrogen and organic matter removal performance. The average concentration of COD, NH4+-N, and TN in effluent was 54, 3.78 and 13.77 mg L-1, respectively, and the removal rate was over 80%. The results of high-throughput sequencing demonstrated that the dominant microorganism was Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Chlorofeli, and Acidobacteria, and differences of interaction networks exited between aerobic and anoxic units. Meanwhile, the microorganism metabolism in aerobic units was significantly different from that in anoxic unit, and the metabolism of the microbial community for treating optoelectronic wastewater was significantly different from that for treating urban domestic sewage.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Águas Residuárias , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
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