Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.380
Filtrar
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628069

RESUMO

To avoid the unexpected aggregation and reduce the cytotoxicity of nanomaterials as optical probes in cell imaging applications, we propose a programmed DNA-cube as a carrier for silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) to construct a specific hydrogen sulfide (H2S) responsive platform (Ag NP@DNA-cube) for diagnosing colorectal cancer (CRC) in this study. The DNA-cube maintains good dispersion of Ag NPs while providing excellent biocompatibility. Based on the characteristic overexpression of endogenous H2S in CRC cells, the Ag NPs are etched by H2S within target cells into silver sulfide quantum dots, thereby selectively illuminating the target cells. The Ag NP@DNA-cube exhibits a specific fluorescence response to CRC cells and achieves satisfactory imaging.

2.
Breast Cancer ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630392

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly heterogeneous tumor lacking estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression. It has higher aggressiveness and metastasis than other subtypes, with limited effective therapeutic strategies, leading to a poor prognosis. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is prevalently over-activated in human cancers and contributes to breast cancer (BC) growth, survival, proliferation, and angiogenesis, which could be an interesting therapeutic target. This review summarizes the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway activation mechanism in TNBC and discusses the relationship between its activation and various TNBC subtypes. We also report the latest clinical studies on kinase inhibitors related to this pathway for treating TNBC. Our review discusses the issues that need to be addressed in the clinical application of these inhibitors.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e2400236, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563243

RESUMO

Skin-interfaced high-sensitive biosensing systems to detect electrophysiological and biochemical signals have shown great potential in personal health monitoring and disease management. However, the integration of 3D porous nanostructures for improved sensitivity and various functional composites for signal transduction/processing/transmission often relies on different materials and complex fabrication processes, leading to weak interfaces prone to failure upon fatigue or mechanical deformations. The integrated system also needs additional adhesive to strongly conform to the human skin, which can also cause irritation, alignment issues, and motion artifacts. This work introduces a skin-attachable, reprogrammable, multifunctional, adhesive device patch fabricated by simple and low-cost laser scribing of an adhesive composite with polyimide powders and amine-based ethoxylated polyethylenimine dispersed in the silicone elastomer. The obtained laser-induced graphene in the adhesive composite can be further selectively functionalized with conductive nanomaterials or enzymes for enhanced electrical conductivity or selective sensing of various sweat biomarkers. The possible combination of the sensors for real-time biofluid analysis and electrophysiological signal monitoring with RF energy harvesting and communication promises a standalone stretchable adhesive device platform based on the same material system and fabrication process.

4.
Nat Food ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594509
5.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 253: 116162, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437748

RESUMO

An electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor with a pair of new ECL emitters and a novel sensing mechanism was designed for the high-sensitivity detection of microRNA-141 (miRNA-141). Sulfur-doped boron nitrogen quantum dots (S-BN QDs) were initially employed to modify the cathode of the bipolar electrode (BPE), while the anode reservoir was [Ir(dfppy)2(bpy)]PF6/TPrA system. The next step involved attaching H1-bound ultra-small WO3-x nanodots (WO3-x NDs) to the S-BN QDs-modified BPE cathode via DNA hybridization. A strong surface plasmon coupling (SPC) effect was observed between S-BN QDs and WO3-x NDs, which allowed for the enhancement of the red and visible ECL emission from S-BN QDs. After target-induced cyclic amplification to produce abundant Zn2+ and Au NPs-DNA3-Au NPs (Au NPs-S3-Au NPs), Zn2+ could cleave DNA at a nucleotide sequence-specific recognition site to release the WO3-x NDs, resulting in the first diminution of cathode ECL signal and the first enhancement of anode ECL signal. Moreover, the ECL signal at cathode decreased for the second time and the emission of [Ir(dfppy)2(bpy)]PF6 was continuously enhanced after the introduction of Au nanoparticles-S3-Au nanoparticles on the cathode surface. Our sensing mode with a dual "on-off" signal conversion strategy shows a good detection capability for miRNAs ranging from 10-17 to 10-10 M, with a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 10-17 M, which has great application potential in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , MicroRNAs , Ouro , Boro , Transferência de Energia , Nitrogênio , Enxofre , DNA
6.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0293818, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507430

RESUMO

The innovation in technology and economic growth, which are brought about by digital transformation in enterprises, will inevitably impact their performance in the capital market. Using a sample of Chinese A-share listed companies from 2012 to 2021, this study extensively examines the impact, mechanism, and economic consequences of enterprises digital transformation on stock liquidity. The research reveals that enterprises digital transformation can significantly improve stock liquidity. From the perspective of corporate governance, a further analysis indicates that the digital transformation of enterprises can improve stock liquidity by three mechanisms: easing financing constraints, improving the quality of internal control, and enhancing information disclosure. The results of the heterogeneity analysis indicate that the digital transformation of enterprises, combined with a high level of financial technology, developed financial markets, and policy guidance, has a significantly more significant effect on improving stock liquidity. The analysis of economic consequences reveals that the digital transformation of enterprises can lower the risk of a stock price crash and enhance the accuracy of analysts' forecasts, primarily by improving stock liquidity. This study offers empirical evidence from a micro-mechanism perspective that elucidates the spillover effect of enterprise digital transformation on the capital market. It provides insight into the impact of enterprise digital transformation on stock liquidity and offers theoretical guidance to promote the adoption of enterprise digital transformation across different countries and enhance stock liquidity in the capital market.

7.
Mol Med Rep ; 29(5)2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551163

RESUMO

Endothelial barrier disruption plays a key role in the pathophysiology of heat stroke (HS). Knockout of DNAJA1 (DNAJA1­KO) is thought to be protective against HS based on a genome­wide CRISPR­Cas9 screen experiment. The present study aimed to illustrate the function of DNAJA1­KO against HS in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. DNAJA1­KO cells were infected using a lentivirus to investigate the role of DNAJA1­KO in HS­induced endothelial barrier disruption. It was shown that DNAJA1­KO could ameliorate decreased cell viability and increased cell injury, according to the results of Cell Counting Kit­8 and lactate dehydrogenase assays. Moreover, HS­induced endothelial cell apoptosis was inhibited by DNAJA1­KO, as indicated by Annexin V­FITC/PI staining and cleaved­caspase­3 expression using flow cytometry and western blotting, respectively. Furthermore, the endothelial barrier function, as measured by transepithelial electrical resistance and FITC­Dextran, was sustained during HS. DNAJA1­KO was not found to have a significant effect on the expression and distribution of cell junction proteins under normal conditions without HS. However, DNAJA1­KO could effectively protect the HS­induced decrease in the expression and distribution of cell junction proteins, including zonula occludens­1, claudin­5, junctional adhesion molecule A and occludin. A total of 4,394 proteins were identified using proteomic analysis, of which 102 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were activated in HS­induced wild­type cells and inhibited by DNAJA1­KO. DEPs were investigated by enrichment analysis, which demonstrated significant enrichment in the 'calcium signaling pathway' and associations with vascular­barrier regulation. Furthermore, the 'myosin light­chain kinase (MLCK)­MLC signaling pathway' was proven to be activated by HS and inhibited by DNAJA1­KO, as expected. Moreover, DNAJA1­KO mice and a HS mouse model were established to demonstrate the protective effects on endothelial barrier in vivo. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that DNAJA1­KO alleviates HS­induced endothelial barrier disruption by improving thermal tolerance and suppressing the MLCK­MLC signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40 , Golpe de Calor , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Golpe de Calor/genética , Golpe de Calor/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/genética , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Camundongos Knockout , Proteômica , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Adv Mater ; : e2403073, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553938

RESUMO

Na-ion batteries (NIBs) are sustainable alternatives to Li-ion technologies due to the abundant and widely-distributed resources. However, the most promising cathode materials of NIBs so far, O3 layered oxides, suffer from serious air instability issues, which significantly increases the manufactural cost and carbon footprint because of the long-term use of dry rooms. While some feasible strategies are proposed via case studies, universal design strategies for air-stable cathodes are yet to be established. Herein, the air degradation mechanisms of O3 cathodes are investigated via combined first-principles and experimental approaches, with bond dissociation energy proposed as an effective descriptor for predicting air stability. Experimental validations in various unary, binary, and ternary O3 cathodes confirm that the air stability can indeed be effectively improved via simple compositional design. Guided by the predictive model, the designed material can sustain 30-day air-storage without structural or electrochemical degradation. It is calculated that such air-stable cathodes can significantly reduce both energy consumption (≈4 100 000 kWh) and carbon footprint (≈2200-ton CO2) annually for a 2 GWh NIBs manufactory. Therefore, the fundamental understandings and universal design strategy presented open an avenue for rational materials design of NIBs toward both elemental and manufactural sustainability.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2306025, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445881

RESUMO

General movements (GMs) have been widely used for the early clinical evaluation of infant brain development, allowing immediate evaluation of potential development disorders and timely rehabilitation. The infants' general movements can be captured digitally, but the lack of quantitative assessment and well-trained clinical pediatricians presents an obstacle for many years to achieve wider deployment, especially in low-resource settings. There is a high potential to explore wearable sensors for movement analysis due to outstanding privacy, low cost, and easy-to-use features. This work presents a sparse sensor network with soft wireless IMU devices (SWDs) for automatic early evaluation of general movements in infants. The sparse network consisting of only five sensor nodes (SWDs) with robust mechanical properties and excellent biocompatibility continuously and stably captures full-body motion data. The proof-of-the-concept clinical testing with 23 infants showcases outstanding performance in recognizing neonatal activities, confirming the reliability of the system. Taken together with a tiny machine learning algorithm, the system can automatically identify risky infants based on the GMs, with an accuracy of up to 100% (99.9%). The wearable sparse sensor network with an artificial intelligence-based algorithm facilitates intelligent evaluation of infant brain development and early diagnosis of development disorders.

10.
J Nat Prod ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547118

RESUMO

Penicilloneines A (1) and B (2) are the first reported quinolone-citrinin hybrids. They were isolated from the starfish-derived fungus Penicillium sp. GGF16-1-2, and their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic, chemical, computational, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Penicilloneines A (1) and B (2) share a common 4-hydroxy-1-methyl-2(1H)-quinolone unit; however, they differ in terms of citrinin moieties, and these two units are linked via a methylene bridge. Penicilloneines A (1) and B (2) exhibited antifungal activities against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, with lethal concentration 50 values of 0.02 and 1.51 µg/mL, respectively. A mechanistic study revealed that 1 could inhibit cell growth and promote cell vacuolization and consequent disruption of the fungal cell walls via upregulating nutrient-related hydrolase genes, including putative hydrolase, acetylcholinesterase, glycosyl hydrolase, leucine aminopeptidase, lipase, and beta-galactosidase, and downregulating their synthase genes 3-carboxymuconate cyclase, pyruvate decarboxylase, phosphoketolase, and oxalate decarboxylase.

11.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(2): 307-317, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gallstones are common lesions that often require surgical intervention. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones. Preoperatively, the anatomical morphology of the cystic duct (CD), needs to be accurately recognized, especially when anatomical variations occur in the CD, which is otherwise prone to bile duct injury. However, at present, there is no optimal classification system for CD morphology applicable in clinical practice, and the relationship between anatomical variations in CDs and gallstones remains to be explored. AIM: To create a more comprehensive clinically applicable classification of the morphology of CD and to explore the correlations between anatomic variants of CD and gallstones. METHODS: A total of 300 patients were retrospectively enrolled from October 2021 to January 2022. The patients were divided into two groups: The gallstone group and the nongallstone group. Relevant clinical data and anatomical data of the CD based on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) were collected and analyzed to propose a morphological classification system of the CD and to explore its relationship with gallstones. Multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression analyses to identify the independent risk factors using variables that were significant in the univariate analysis. RESULTS: Of the 300 patients enrolled in this study, 200 (66.7%) had gallstones. The mean age was 48.10 ± 13.30 years, 142 (47.3%) were male, and 158 (52.7%) were female. A total of 55.7% of the patients had a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 24 kg/m2. Based on the MRCP, the CD anatomical typology is divided into four types: Type I: Linear, type II: n-shaped, type III: S-shaped, and type IV: W-shaped. Univariate analysis revealed differences between the gallstone and nongallstone groups in relation to sex, BMI, cholesterol, triglycerides, morphology of CD, site of CD insertion into the extrahepatic bile duct, length of CD, and angle between the common hepatic duct and CD. According to the multivariate analysis, female, BMI (≥ 24 kg/m2), and CD morphology [n-shaped: Odds ratio (OR) = 10.97, 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 5.22-23.07, P < 0.001; S-shaped: OR = 4.43, 95%CI: 1.64-11.95, P = 0.003; W-shaped: OR = 7.74, 95%CI: 1.88-31.78, P = 0.005] were significantly associated with gallstones. CONCLUSION: The present study details the morphological variation in the CD and confirms that CD tortuosity is an independent risk factor for gallstones.

12.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e47453, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom during and after COVID-19 infection; however, few studies have described the cough profiles of COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of severe and persistent cough in individuals with COVID-19 during the latest wave of the Omicron variant in China. METHODS: In this nationwide cross-sectional study, we collected information of the characteristics of cough from individuals with infection of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant using an online questionnaire sent between December 31, 2022, and January 11, 2023. RESULTS: There were 11,718 (n=7978, 68.1% female) nonhospitalized responders, with a median age of 37 (IQR 30-47) years who responded at a median of 16 (IQR 12-20) days from infection onset to the time of the survey. Cough was the most common symptom, occurring in 91.7% of participants, followed by fever, fatigue, and nasal congestion (68.8%-87.4%). The median cough visual analog scale (VAS) score was 70 (IQR 50-80) mm. Being female (odds ratio [OR] 1.31, 95% CI 1.20-1.43), having a COVID-19 vaccination history (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.37-2.12), current smoking (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.41-0.58), chronic cough (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.69-2.45), coronary heart disease (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.17-2.52), asthma (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.46), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45) were independent factors for severe cough (VAS>70, 37.4%). Among all respondents, 35.0% indicated having a productive cough, which was associated with risk factors of being female (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.31-1.57), having asthma (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.52-2.22), chronic cough (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.19-1.74), and GERD (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.01-1.47). Persistent cough (>3 weeks) occurred in 13.0% of individuals, which was associated with the risk factors of having diabetes (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.30-3.85), asthma (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.11-2.62), and chronic cough (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.32-2.94). CONCLUSIONS: Cough is the most common symptom in nonhospitalized individuals with Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant infection. Being female, having asthma, chronic cough, GERD, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and a COVID-19 vaccination history emerged as independent factors associated with severe cough, productive cough, and persistent cough.


Assuntos
Asma , COVID-19 , Doença das Coronárias , Diabetes Mellitus , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Transversais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tosse/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , 60521 , China/epidemiologia , Asma/complicações , Asma/epidemiologia
13.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(2): 124, 2024 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336749

RESUMO

MYCN amplification is an independent poor prognostic factor in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (NB). Further exploring the molecular regulatory mechanisms in MYCN-amplified NB will help to develop novel therapy targets. In this study, methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 (MTHFD1) was identified as the differentially expressed gene (DEG) highly expressed in MYCN-amplified NB, and it showed a positive correlation with MYCN and was associated with a poor prognosis of NB patients. Knockdown of MTHFD1 inhibited proliferation and migration, and induced apoptosis of NB cells in vitro. Mouse model experiments validated the tumorigenic effect of MTHFD1 in NB in vivo. In terms of the mechanism, ChIP-qPCR and dual-luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that MTHFD1 was directly activated by MYCN at the transcriptional level. As an important enzyme in the folic acid metabolism pathway, MTHFD1 maintained the NADPH redox homeostasis in MYCN-amplified NB. Knockdown of MTHFD1 reduced cellular NADPH/NADP+ and GSH/GSSG ratios, increased cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and triggered the apoptosis of NB cells. Moreover, genetic knockdown of MTHFD1 or application of the anti-folic acid metabolism drug methotrexate (MTX) potentiated the anti-tumor effect of JQ1 both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, MTHFD1 as an oncogene is a potential therapeutic target for MYCN-amplified NB. The combination of MTX with JQ1 is of important clinical translational significance for the treatment of patients with MYCN-amplified NB.


Assuntos
Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP) , Neuroblastoma , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Homeostase , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/genética , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/metabolismo , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc/genética , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc/metabolismo , NADP/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neuroblastoma/genética , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Oxirredução
14.
medRxiv ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352384

RESUMO

The skin at the site of HSV-2 reactivation is enriched for HSV-2-specific T cells. To evaluate whether an immunotherapeutic vaccine could elicit skin-based memory T cells, we studied skin biopsies and HSV-2-reactive CD4+ T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by T cell receptor ß (TRB) sequencing before and after vaccination with a replication-incompetent whole virus HSV-2 vaccine candidate (HSV529). The representation of HSV-2-reactive CD4+ TRB sequences from PBMCs in the skin TRB repertoire increased after the first vaccine dose. We found sustained expansion after vaccination of unique, skin-based T-cell clonotypes that were not detected in HSV-2-reactive CD4+ T cells isolated from PBMCs. In one participant a switch in immunodominance occurred with the emergence of a T cell receptor (TCR) αß pair after vaccination that was not detected in blood. This TCRαß was shown to be HSV-2-reactive by expression of a synthetic TCR in a Jurkat-based NR4A1 reporter system. The skin in areas of HSV-2 reactivation possesses an oligoclonal TRB repertoire that is distinct from the circulation. Defining the influence of therapeutic vaccination on the HSV-2-specific TRB repertoire requires tissue-based evaluation.

15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2305715, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417117

RESUMO

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a significant global health issue that poses high mortality and morbidity risks. One commonly observed cause of DILI is acetaminophen (APAP) overdose. GSDME is an effector protein that induces non-canonical pyroptosis. In this study, the activation of GSDME, but not GSDMD, in the liver tissue of mice and patients with APAP-DILI is reported. Knockout of GSDME, rather than GSDMD, in mice protected them from APAP-DILI. Mice with hepatocyte-specific rescue of GSDME reproduced APAP-induced liver injury. Furthermore, alterations in the immune cell pools observed in APAP-induced DILI, such as the replacement of TIM4+ resident Kupffer cells (KCs) by monocyte-derived KCs, Ly6C+ monocyte infiltration, MerTk+ macrophages depletion, and neutrophil increase, reappeared in mice with hepatocyte-specific rescue of GSDME. Mechanistically, APAP exposure led to a substantial loss of interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15), resulting in deISGylation of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-1 (CPS1), promoted its degradation via K48-linked ubiquitination, causing ammonia clearance dysfunction. GSDME deletion prevented these effects. Delayed administration of dimethyl-fumarate inhibited GSDME cleavage and alleviated ammonia accumulation, mitigating liver injury. This findings demonstrated a previously uncharacterized role of GSDME in APAP-DILI by promoting pyroptosis and CPS1 deISGylation, suggesting that inhibiting GSDME can be a promising therapeutic option for APAP-DILI.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(16): e202400562, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382041

RESUMO

Halide solid electrolytes, known for their high ionic conductivity at room temperature and good oxidative stability, face notable challenges in all-solid-state Li-ion batteries (ASSBs), especially with unstable cathode/solid electrolyte (SE) interface and increasing interfacial resistance during cycling. In this work, we have developed an Al3+-doped, cation-disordered epitaxial nanolayer on the LiCoO2 surface by reacting it with an artificially constructed AlPO4 nanoshell; this lithium-deficient layer featuring a rock-salt-like phase effectively suppresses oxidative decomposition of Li3InCl6 electrolyte and stabilizes the cathode/SE interface at 4.5 V. The ASSBs with the halide electrolyte Li3InCl6 and a high-loading LiCoO2 cathode demonstrated high discharge capacity and long cycling life from 3 to 4.5 V. Our findings emphasize the importance of specialized cathode surface modification in preventing SE degradation and achieving stable cycling of halide-based ASSBs at high voltages.

17.
Adv Mater ; : e2313004, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382460

RESUMO

Moiré effects arising from mutually twisted metasurfaces have showcased remarkable wave manipulation capabilities, unveiling tantalizing emerging phenomena such as acoustic moiré flat bands and topological phase transitions. However, the pursuit of strong near-field coupling in layers has necessitated acoustic moiré metasurfaces to be tightly stacked at narrow distances in the subwavelength range. Here, moiré effects beyond near-field interlayer coupling in acoustics are reported and the concept of coupling-immune moiré metasurfaces is proposed. Remote acoustic moiré effects decoupled from the interlayer distance are theoretically, numerically, and experimentally demonstrated. Tunable out-of-plane acoustic beam scanning is successfully achieved by dynamically controlling twist angles. The engineered coupling-immune properties are further extended to multilayered acoustic moiré metasurfaces and manipulation of acoustic vortices. Good robustness against external disturbances is also observed for the fabricated coupling-immune acoustic moiré metasurfaces. The presented work unlocks the potential of twisted moiré devices for out-of-plane acoustic beam shaping, enabling practical applications in remote dynamic detection, and multiplexed underwater acoustic communication.

18.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(3): 1722-1733, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373308

RESUMO

Respiratory signals are critical clinical diagnostic criteria for respiratory diseases and health conditions, and respiratory sensors play a crucial role in achieving the desired respiratory monitoring effect. High sensitivity to a single factor can improve the reliability of respiratory monitoring, and maintaining the hygiene of the sensors is also important for daily health monitoring. Herein, we propose a flexible Au-modified anatase titanium dioxide resistive respiratory sensor, which can be mechanically compliantly attached to curved surfaces for respiratory monitoring in different modalities (i.e., respiratory intensity, frequency, and rate). The uniform and preferentially oriented anatase titanium dioxide films gained by the polymer-assisted deposition technique can be fabricated on flexible substrates through a liquid-assisted transferring process. The Au modification can enhance surface plasmon resonance to facilitate the photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide, and the optimized distribution of Au on the surface of titanium dioxide film made the sensor have an excellent antibacterial effect. The uniquely designed encapsulation can effectively control the contact between the surface of titanium dioxide films and electrodes, allowing the flexible sensor to exhibit fast response time (0.71 s) and recovery time (1.06 s) to respiratory as well as insensitivity or low sensitivity to other factors (i.e., gas composition, humidity, temperature, stress, and strain). This work provided an effective strategy for flexible wearable respiratory sensors and has great potential in daily respiratory monitoring for health management and pandemic control.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Titânio , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Titânio/farmacologia , Titânio/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química
19.
Small ; : e2312238, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319031

RESUMO

The concentration of dopamine (DA) and tyrosine (Tyr) reflects the condition of patients with Parkinson's disease, whereas moderate paracetamol (PA) can help relieve their pain. Therefore, real-time measurements of these bioanalytes have important clinical implications for patients with Parkinson's disease. However, previous sensors suffer from either limited sensitivity or complex fabrication and integration processes. This work introduces a simple and cost-effective method to prepare high-quality, flexible titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) thin films with highly reactive (001)-facets. The as-fabricated TiO2 film supported by a carbon cloth electrode (i.e., TiO2 -CC) allows excellent electrochemical specificity and sensitivity to DA (1.390 µA µM-1  cm-2 ), Tyr (0.126 µA µM-1  cm-2 ), and PA (0.0841 µA µM-1  cm-2 ). More importantly, accurate DA concentration in varied pH conditions can be obtained by decoupling them within a single differential pulse voltammetry measurement without additional sensing units. The TiO2 -CC electrochemical sensor can be integrated into a smart diaper to detect the trace amount of DA or an integrated skin-interfaced patch with microfluidic sampling and wireless transmission units for real-time detection of the sweat Try and PA concentration. The wearable sensor based on TiO2 -CC prepared by facile manufacturing methods holds great potential in the daily health monitoring and care of patients with neurological disorders.

20.
Chempluschem ; : e202300704, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363060

RESUMO

Nanocomposite represents the backbone of many industrial fabrication applications and exerts a substantial social impact. Among these composites, metal nanostructures are often employed as the active constituents, thanks to their various chemical and physical properties, which offer the ability to tune the application scenarios in thermal management, energy storage, and biostable materials, respectively. Nanocellulose, as an emerging polymer substrate, possesses unique properties of abundance, mechanical flexibility, environmental friendliness, and biocompatibility. Based on the combination of flexible nanocellulose with specific metal fillers, the essential parameters involving mechanical strength, flexibility, anisotropic thermal resistance, and conductivity can be enhanced. Nowadays, the approach has found extensive applications in thermal management, energy storage, biostable electronic materials, and piezoelectric devices. Therefore, it is essential to thoroughly correlate cellulose nanocomposites' properties with different metallic fillers. This review summarizes the extraction of nanocellulose and preparation of metal modified cellulose nanocomposites, including their wide and particular applications in modern advanced devices. Moreover, we also discuss the challenges in the synthesis, the emerging designs, and unique structures, promising directions for future research. We wish this review can give a valuable overview of the unique combination and inspire the research directions of the multifunctional nanocomposites using proper cellulose and metallic fillers.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...