Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.873
Filtrar
1.
Front Oncol ; 12: 951973, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185229

RESUMO

Background: Continuous contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) video is a challenging direction for radiomics research. We aimed to evaluate machine learning (ML) approaches with radiomics combined with the XGBoost model and a convolutional neural network (CNN) for discriminating between benign and malignant lesions in CEUS videos with a duration of more than 1 min. Methods: We gathered breast CEUS videos of 109 benign and 81 malignant tumors from two centers. Radiomics combined with the XGBoost model and a CNN was used to classify the breast lesions on the CEUS videos. The lesions were manually segmented by one radiologist. Radiomics combined with the XGBoost model was conducted with a variety of data sampling methods. The CNN used pretrained 3D residual network (ResNet) models with 18, 34, 50, and 101 layers. The machine interpretations were compared with prospective interpretations by two radiologists. Breast biopsies or pathological examinations were used as the reference standard. Areas under the receiver operating curves (AUCs) were used to compare the diagnostic performance of the models. Results: The CNN model achieved the best AUC of 0.84 on the test cohort with the 3D-ResNet-50 model. The radiomics model obtained AUCs between 0.65 and 0.75. Radiologists 1 and 2 had AUCs of 0.75 and 0.70, respectively. Conclusions: The 3D-ResNet-50 model was superior to the radiomics combined with the XGBoost model in classifying enhanced lesions as benign or malignant on CEUS videos. The CNN model was superior to the radiologists, and the radiomics model performance was close to the performance of the radiologists.

2.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 923560, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185475

RESUMO

Background: Minor hallucination (MH) is the most common psychotic symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD); it can develop into well-structured visual hallucination (VH), suggesting that MH may be a staccato form of well-structured VH. However, it remains unclear whether the pathogenesis is the same. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the altered gray matter volume (GMV) and functional connectivity (FC) of MH in PD to further understand the complex mechanisms. Materials and methods: We included 67 PD patients who attended the outpatient clinic of Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Brain Hospital and recruited 31 healthy controls (HC). Demographic data and clinical characteristics of all subjects were recorded, and cranial structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and resting-state functional MRI data were acquired. Patients were classified into the PD with MH (PD-MH) group and PD without hallucinations or delusions (PD-NH) group. Voxel-based morphometry was used to analyze the differences in GMV in the structural pattern. Seed-based FC was used to analyze the functional pattern. Gaussian random field correction was used, with voxel level P < 0.001 and cluster level P < 0.05 representing statistically significant differences. Finally, the correlation between FC values and scores on the clinical characteristics assessment scale was analyzed. Results: In the GMV analysis, compared to the PD-NH group, the PD-MH group had reduced GMV in the medial superior frontal gyrus (SFGmed). In the FC analysis, the FC between the SFGmed and the left middle occipital gyrus and right calcarine sulcus decreased in the PD-MH group compared with the PD-NH group, while the FC between SFGmed and the left middle temporal gyrus increased. Correlation analysis revealed that the FC values of the SFGmed and right calcarine sulcus were correlated with the assessment scores for anxiety and sleep symptoms. The FC values of the SFGmed and left middle occipital gyrus were correlated with assessment scores for rapid eye movement disorder. Conclusion: The aberrant structure and function of the default mode network and visual processing areas seems to facilitate the generation of MH in PD, as the alteration was previously found in well-structured VH, suggesting that the two hallucinations have similar pathophysiological mechanisms.

3.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191168

RESUMO

Specific and sensitive microRNAs (miRNAs) detection is essential to early cancer diagnosis. The development of these technologies including functional nuclease-mediated target amplification and DNA nanotechnology possesses tremendous potential for the high-performance detection of miRNAs in the accurate diagnosis of disease. In this study, we have established an ultrasensitive electrochemical biosensor by combining nicking endonuclease-assisted primer exchange reaction (PER) cascade amplification with a DNA nanosphere (DNS)-mediated electrochemical signal-enhanced system for the detection of miRNA-21 (miR-21). The cascade amplification is initiated by a nicking endonuclease that can cleave specific DNA substrates and highly amplify translation of the target to single-stranded DNA fragments (sDNA). Then, the PER cascade is powered by strand-displacing polymerase and generates a large amount of nascent single-stranded connector DNA (cDNA) via sDNA triggering of the dumbbell probe (DP), thus achieving the cascade amplification of the target. Finally, the DNS loaded with plenty of electroactive substances can be captured on the electrode via cDNA for further enhancing the electrochemical signal and highly sensitive detection of miR-21. The proposed electrochemical biosensor exhibits a wide detection range of 1 aM to 0.1 nM and a low detection limit of 0.58 aM. The excellent selectivity allows the biosensor to discriminate miR-21 from other miRNAs, even the one base-mismatched sequence. Moreover, the practicability of the biosensor is investigated by analyzing miR-21 in human serum and cancer cell lysate. Therefore, our proposed nicking endonuclease-assisted PER cascade amplification strategy provides a powerful platform for the early detection of miRNA-related disease and molecular diagnosis.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191561

RESUMO

Although black phosphorus analogue, bismuthene, has been extensively investigated in recent years, yet the investigation into the photoelectronic devices is still in its infancy. In this contribution, uniform zero-dimensional (0D) bismuth (Bi) quantum dots (QDs) with different sizes were successfully synthesized by a simple solvothermal method. The as-synthesized 0D Bi QDs serve as working electrode materials by a direct deposition for photoelectrochemical (PEC)-type photodetection. The PEC results demonstrate that the as-fabricated 0D Bi QD-based electrode not only possess suitable self-powered broadband photoresponse, but also displays excellent photodetection performance. Under simulated light, the photocurrent density and photoresponsivity of the as-fabricated 0D Bi QD-based electrode can reach 2690 nA cm-2, and 22.0 µA W-1, respectively. In addition, the as-prepared Bi QDs with the average diameter of 17 nm exhibit the best PEC photoresponse behavior in the studied size range of Bi QDs, mainly ascribed to the synergistic effect of suitable band gap and accessible active sites. It is anticipated that the uniform Bi QDs can be served as building blocks for a variety of photoelectronic devices, further expanding the application prospects of bismuthene, and can provide in-depth acknowledge on the performance optimization of monoelement Bi-based optical devices.

5.
Food Res Int ; 161: 111726, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192868

RESUMO

Black and red rice are flavonoid-rich and nutritious. However, comprehensive information of flavonoid components in different pigmented rice varieties remain unclear. Here, we analyze the differences in flavonoid components in black, red, and white rice by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) and metabolome analysis. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cy-3-G), peonidin-3-glucoside (Pe-3-G), quercetin, dihydromyricetin, naringin, and taxifolin contents were significantly high in black rice. By contrast, catechin and epicatechin contents were substantial in red rice. Cy-3-G was the main anthocyanin and its content was more than four times that of Pe-3-G in black rice varieties. Trifolin hardly showed specificity and exhibited a high content in all rice varieties. The antioxidant capacity of the red and black rice varieties was significantly higher than that of white rice. Moreover, in black and red rice, quercetin and catechin respectively exhibited the strongest antioxidant capacity and a good contribution toward the total flavonoid content, and mean time, white rice possessed antioxidant capacity main derived from quercetin and trifolin. Besides, the study also found that there was slightly inconsistent results between UPLC and metabolome, because certain components with trace by metabolome were not detected by UPLC, but their combination could play a complementary role in the exploration of metabolic components to confirm the ingredients.


Assuntos
Catequina , Oryza , Antocianinas/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Catequina/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/metabolismo , Oryza/química , Quercetina/metabolismo
6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 965454, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059479

RESUMO

Ducks and wild aquatic birds are the natural reservoirs of avian influenza viruses. However, the host proteome response that causes disease in vivo by the H5N1 HPAI virus is still unclear. This study presented a comprehensive analysis of the proteome response in Muscovy duck lung tissue during 3 days of infection with either a highly virulent DK383 or an avirulent DK212. An unbiased strategy- isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) in conjunction with high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was utilized to investigate the infection mechanism. Pathways derived from analysis of 292 significantly altered proteins may contribute to the high pathogenic nature and disease progression of H5N1 viruses. Global proteome profiles indicated improved correlation with the virus titers and gene expression patterns between the two strains of the H5N1 virus. DK383 replicated more efficiently and induced a stronger response specific to severe disease. While proteins involved in the immune response of neutrophils were increased markedly by DK383, DK212 evoked a distinct response characterized by an increase in proteins involved in the maturation of dendritic cells, adhesion of phagocytes, and immune response of macrophages. The differentially activated Akt/mTOR/p70S6K pathway might involve in the host response to H5N1 viruses. Therefore, systematically integrated with datasets from primary genomic and virus titer results, proteomic analyses may help reveal the potential pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Virus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1 , Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Aviária , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Aves , Patos , Proteoma , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102181

RESUMO

Herein, we report the structures of chiral-at-cage carborane derivatives bearing carbazole chromophores that emit circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) and aggregation-induced electrochemiluminescence (AIECL). By adjusting the substituent positions on the carborane derivatives, two chiral luminescent molecules, Cb1 and Cb2, with different properties were obtained. The photoluminescence dissymmetry factors |gPL| of both (R/S)-Cb1 and (R/S)-Cb2 enantiomers in neat films were as high as 6.24 × 10-3 and 7.38×10-3, respectively. Cb1 showed a deep blue emission peak at 434 nm in n-pentane. Interestingly, distinct fluorescence and CPL spectra were observed in solvents of different polarities due to the twisted intramolecular charge transfer effect, suggesting its potential use in solvent recognition. Meanwhile, Cb2 exhibited good AIECL property, excellent ECL stability and could be used for determining dopamine concentrations, suggesting its potential applications in biology and diagnosis.

9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 687, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of women with preeclampsia (PE) exhibit persistent postpartum hypertension (PHTN) at 3 months postpartum associated with cardiovascular morbidity. This study aimed to screen patients with PE to identify the high-risk population with persistent PHTN. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 1,000 PE patients with complete parturient and postpartum blood pressure (BP) profiles at 3 months postpartum. The enrolled patients exhibited new-onset hypertension after 20 weeks of pregnancy, while those with PE superimposed upon chronic hypertension were excluded. Latent class cluster analysis (LCCA), a method of unsupervised learning in machine learning, was performed to ascertain maternal exposure clusters from eight variables and 35 subordinate risk factors. Logistic regression was applied to calculate odds ratios (OR) indicating the association between clusters and PHTN. RESULTS: The 1,000 participants were classified into three exposure clusters (subpopulations with similar characteristics) according to persistent PHTN development: high-risk cluster (31.2%), medium-risk cluster (36.8%), and low-risk cluster (32.0%). Among the 1,000 PE patients, a total of 134 (13.4%) were diagnosed with persistent PHTN, while the percentages of persistent PHTN were24.68%, 10.05%, and 6.25% in the high-, medium-, and low-risk clusters, respectively. Persistent PHTN in the high-risk cluster was nearly five times higher (OR, 4.915; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.92-8.27) and three times (OR, 2.931; 95% CI, 1.91-4.49) than in the low- and medium-risk clusters, respectively. Persistent PHTN did not differ between the medium- and low-risk clusters. Subjects in the high-risk cluster were older and showed higher BP, poorer prenatal organ function, more adverse pregnancy events, and greater medication requirement than the other two groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with PE can be classified into high-, medium-, and low-risk clusters according to persistent PHTN severity; each cluster has cognizable clinical features. This study's findings stress the importance of controlling persistent PHTN to prevent future cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Natl Sci Rev ; 9(8): nwac033, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072505

RESUMO

The production of polypeptides via the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of N-carboxyanhydride (NCA) is usually conducted under stringent anhydrous conditions. The ROP of proline NCA (ProNCA) for the synthesis of poly-L-proline (PLP) is particularly challenging due to the premature product precipitation as polyproline type I helices, leading to slow reactions for up to one week, poor control of the molar mass and laborious workup. Here, we report the unexpected water-assisted controlled ROP of ProNCA, which affords well-defined PLP as polyproline II helices in 2-5 minutes and almost-quantitative yields. Experimental and theoretical studies together suggest the as-yet-unreported role of water in facilitating proton shift, which significantly lowers the energy barrier of the chain propagation. The scope of initiators can be expanded from hydrophobic amines to encompass hydrophilic amines and thiol-bearing nucleophiles, including complex biomacromolecules such as proteins. Protein-mediated ROP of ProNCA conveniently affords various protein-PLP conjugates via a grafting-from approach. PLP modification not only preserves the biological activities of the native proteins, but also enhances their resistance to extreme conditions. Moreover, PLP modification extends the elimination half-life of asparaginase (ASNase) 18-fold and mitigates the immunogenicity of wt ASNase >250-fold (ASNase is a first-line anticancer drug for lymphoma treatment). This work provides a simple solution to a long-standing problem in PLP synthesis, and offers valuable guidance for the development of water-resistant ROP of other proline-like NCAs. The facile access to PLP can greatly boost the application potential of PLP-based functional materials for engineering industry enzymes and therapeutic proteins.

11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 989258, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072805

RESUMO

Patients with lymphoma who are also infected with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) have a poor prognosis. This could be partly explained by the delay or premature termination of anti-tumor treatment because of HBV reactivation. However, there is limited data on the survival outcome of patients HBV-related lymphoma in the era of prophylactic antivirals. Data for 128 patients with HBV surface antigen-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was collected. The median age was 54 years and the ratio of men to women was 1.2:1. All patients received immune-chemotherapy and prophylactic antiviral therapy. The median number of cycles of immune-chemotherapy was six. The overall response rate was 82%, with a complete remission rate of 75%. With a median follow-up of 58.4 months, the 5-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 75.7% and 74.7%, respectively. Nine patients experienced HBV reactivation but none experienced HBV-associated hepatitis. Patients with low and high HBV DNA loads had comparable survival outcomes. In conclusion, HBV infection had no negative effect on the prognosis of DLBCL in the era of prophylactic antiviral therapy.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The fetal growth charts in widest use in China were published by Hadlock >35 years ago and were established on several hundred of American pregnant women. After that, >100 fetal growth charts were published around the world. We attempted to assess the impact of applying the long-standing Hadlock charts and other charts in a Chinese population and to compare their ability to predict newborn small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: For this retrospective observational study, we reviewed all pregnant women (n = 106,455) who booked prenatal care with ultrasound measurements for fetal biometry at the Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital between 2012 and 2019. A fractional polynomial regression model was applied to generate Shenzhen fetal growth chart ranges for head circumference (HC), biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length (FL). The differences between Shenzhen charts and published charts were quantified by calculating the Z-score. The impact of applying these published charts was quantified by calculating the proportions of fetuses with biometric measurements below the 3rd centile of these charts. The sensitivity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curves of published charts to predict neonatal SGA (birthweight <10th centile) were assessed. RESULTS: Following selection, 169,980 scans of fetal biometry contributed by 41,032 pregnancies with reliable gestational age were analyzed. When using Hadlock references (<3rd centile), the proportions of small heads and short femurs were as high as 8.9% and 6.6% in late gestation, respectively. The INTERGROWTH-21st standards matched those of our observed curves better than other charts, in particular for fat-free biometry (HC and FL). When using AC<10th centile, all of these references were poor at predicting neonatal SGA. CONCLUSIONS: Applying long-standing Hadlock references could misclassify a large proportion of fetuses as SGA. INTERGROWTH-21st standard appears to be a safe option in China. For fat-based biometry, AC, a reference based on the Chinese population is needed. In addition, when applying published charts, particular care should be taken due to the discrepancy of measurement methods.

13.
Cancer Manag Res ; 14: 2711-2721, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133738

RESUMO

Background: There is no consensus regarding the risk stratification scores for elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We aimed to compare the prognostic predictive ability of the current clinical scoring indices in DLBCL elderly patients treated with the R-CODP regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone). Methods: We retrospectively collected the data of elderly DLBCL patients who received the R-CODP regimen as the first-line treatment. The efficacy of the regimen was evaluated. The Akaike information criteria (AIC), concordance index (C-index), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were used to assess the fitness and prognostic performance of the current clinical prognostic indices. Results: In the total of 158 patients enrolled, the median follow-up time was 6.7 years (95% CI: 6.3-7.9), and the 5-year OS was 52.8% (95% CI: 45.5%-61.2%). The International Prognostic Index (IPI), National Comprehensive Cancer Network-IPI (NCCN-IPI), and Elderly International Prognostic Index (E-IPI) were all significantly associated with OS (P < 0.001 for all). However, no significance was observed in 5-year OS in the low- vs low-intermediate-risk groups for IPI (P = 0.377), NCCN-IPI (P = 0.238), and E-IPI (P = 0.080). Compared with the IPI and NCCN-IPI, the E-IPI had the lowest AIC value of 747.5 and the highest C-index of 0.692. For predicting 5-year mortality, the E-IPI showed better performance (AUC: 0.715 for E-IPI vs 0.676 for IPI, P = 0.036), with the IDI of 6.29% (95% CI: 3.71%-8.88%, P < 0.001) and 4.80% (95% CI: 1.32%-8.28%, P = 0.007) compared to the IPI and NCCN-IPI, respectively. Conclusion: The E-IPI might be a better prognostic prediction model in Chinese DLBCL generics treated with R-CODP for predicting 5-year mortality. However, the IPI, NCCN-IPI, and E-IPI did not seem to be able to distinguish patients with a favorable prognosis well.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 957829, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147338

RESUMO

Background: Yunpi-Huoxue-Sanjie (YP-SJ) formula is a Chinese herbal formula with unique advantages for the treatment of diabetic cardiovascular complications, such as Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, potential targets and molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, our research was designed to evaluate rat myocardial morphology, fat metabolism and oxidative stress to verify myocardial protective effect of YP-SJ formula in vivo. And then to explore and validate its probable mechanism through network pharmacology and experiments in vitro and in vivo. Methods: In this study, DCM rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group, model group, and three YP-SJ formula groups (low-dose, middle-dose, and high-dose groups). Experimental rats were treated with 6 g/kg/d, 12 g/kg/d and 24 g/kg/d YP-SJ formula by gavage for 10 weeks, respectively. Cardiac function of rats was measured by high-resolution small-animal imaging system. The cells were divided into control group, high glucose group, high glucose + control serum group, high glucose + dosed serum group, high glucose + NC-siRNA group, high glucose + siRNA-FoxO1 group. The extent of autophagy was measured by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting. Results: It was found that YP-SJ formula could effectively improve cardiac systolic function in DCM rats. We identified 46 major candidate YP-SJ formula targets that are closely related to the progression of DCM. Enrichment analysis revealed key targets of YP-SJ formula related to environmental information processing, organic systems, and the metabolic occurrence of reactive oxygen species. Meanwhile, we verified that YP-SJ formula can increase the expression of forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1), autophagy-related protein 7 (Atg7), Beclin 1, and light chain 3 (LC3), and decrease the expression of phosphorylated FoxO1 in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that YP-SJ formula could activate the FoxO1 signaling pathway associated with DCM rats. Further experiments showed that YP-SJ formula could improve cardiac function by regulating autophagy. Conclusion: YP-SJ formula treats DCM by modulating targets that play a key role in autophagy, improving myocardial function through a multi-component, multi-level, multi-target, multi-pathway, and multi-mechanism approach.

15.
Chemistry ; 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36161734

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a promising approach that could utilize microorganisms to oxidize biodegradable pollutants in wastewater and generate electrical power simultaneously. Introducing advanced anode nanomaterials is generally considered as an effective way to enhance MFC performance by increasing bacterial adhesion and facilitating bacteria extracellular electron transfer (EET). This review focuses on the key advances of recent anode modification materials, as well as the current understanding of the microbial EET process occurring at the bacteria-electrode interface. Based on the difference in combination mode of the exoelectrogens and nanomaterials, anode surface modification, hybrid biofilm construction and single-bacterial surface modification strategies are elucidated exhaustively. The inherent mechanisms may help to break through the performance output bottleneck of MFCs by rational design of EET-related nanomaterials, and lead to the widespread application of microbial electrochemical systems.

16.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and sterility of stored platelet-rich plasma (PRP) eye-drops for corneal epithelial wound healing compared with those of autologous serum (AS) eye-drops. METHODS: At our single institution, PRP and AS eye-drops were prepared using peripheral blood obtained from six healthy volunteers and stored at 4°C. Platelet and leucocyte counts and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and fibronectin levels were assessed during storage for up to 4 weeks. Sterility was assessed by culturing 4-week poststorage samples. PRP, AS, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) eye-drop efficacies were compared using corneal epithelial wound healing assays in vitro and in vivo and monitoring wound areas under a microscope every 3 hours. RESULTS: Higher platelet and lower leucocyte counts were seen in PRP than in whole blood on the day of preparation. After storage, TGF-ß1, EGF, and fibronectin levels were significantly higher in PRP than in AS eye-drops. In vitro and in vivo, PRP eye-drops used on the day of preparation significantly promoted corneal epithelial wound healing compared with PBS. Moreover, PRP eye-drops stored for 4 weeks significantly promoted corneal wound healing compared with PBS and AS eye-drops. CONCLUSION: PRP eye-drops stored at 4°C for 4 weeks promoted corneal epithelial wound healing with higher levels of growth factors than those observed in AS eye-drops, while maintaining sterility, suggesting that this preparation satisfies the unmet medical needs in the treatment of refractory keratoconjunctival epithelial disorders.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36165528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicate that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important biological role in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), however the clinical value of tumor mutation burden related lncRNA in ccRCC patients is unknown yet. METHODS: Somatic mutation profiles and lncRNA expression data of ccRCC was downloaded from TCGA database. We retrospectively analyzed lncRNA expression data and survival information from 116 patients with ccRCC between January 2013 to January 2014. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to construct lncRNA signature, and the prognosis value was determined by Kaplan-Mayer and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: Based on 160 differentially expressed TMB-related lncRNAs, two TMB-related molecular clusters with distinct immune checkpoints expression and immune cells infiltration were established for ccRCC patients. Moreover, a novel TMB-related lncRNA signature was constructed based on five lncRNAs for individualized prognosis assessment. High-risk group represents significantly worse overall survival in all cohorts. The area under ROC curve were 0.716, 0.775 and 0.744 in training cohort, testing cohort and TCGA cohort. Results of qRT-PCR successfully validated the expression levels of AP002360.3, LINC00460, AL590094.1, LINC00944 and LINC01843 in HK-2, 786-O, 769-P and ACHN cells. More importantly, the predictive performance of TMB-related lncRNA signature was successfully validated in an independent cohort of 116 ccRCC patients at our institution. CONCLUSION: This study successfully developed and validated a novel TMB-related lncRNA signature for individualized prognosis assessment of ccRCC patients.

18.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5128, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050300

RESUMO

The decline of CD8+ T cell functions contributes to deteriorating health with aging, but the mechanisms that underlie this phenomenon are not well understood. We use single-cell RNA sequencing with both cross-sectional and longitudinal samples to assess how human CD8+ T cell heterogeneity and transcriptomes change over nine decades of life. Eleven subpopulations of CD8+ T cells and their dynamic changes with age are identified. Age-related changes in gene expression result from changes in the percentage of cells expressing a given transcript, quantitative changes in the transcript level, or a combination of these two. We develop a machine learning model capable of predicting the age of individual cells based on their transcriptomic features, which are closely associated with their differentiation and mutation burden. Finally, we validate this model in two separate contexts of CD8+ T cell aging: HIV infection and CAR T cell expansion in vivo.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Infecções por HIV , Envelhecimento/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/genética , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Humanos , Transcriptoma
19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5190, 2022 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057724

RESUMO

Preliminary evidence from China and other countries has suggested that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mitigation measures have caused a decline in preterm births, but evidence is conflicting. Utilising a national representative data of 11,714,947 pregnant women in China, we explored the immediate changes in preterm birth rates during the COVID-19 mitigation period using an interrupted-time-series analysis. We defined the period prior to February 1, 2020 as the baseline, followed by the COVID-19 mitigation stage. In the first month of the COVID-19 mitigation, a significant absolute decrease in preterm birth rates of 0.68% (95%CI:-1.10% to -0.26%) in singleton, and of 2.80% (95%CI:-4.51% to -1.09%) in multiple births was noted. This immediate decline in Wuhan was greater than that at the national level among singleton births [-2.21% (95%CI:-4.09% to -0.34% vs. -0.68%)]. Here we report an immediate impact of COVID-19 mitigation measures on preterm birth in China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nascimento Prematuro , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Gravidez , Gravidez Múltipla , Gestantes , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle
20.
Cancer Cell ; 40(9): 1027-1043.e9, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099881

RESUMO

Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)-blockade immunotherapies have limited efficacy in the treatment of bladder cancer. Here, we show that NKG2A associates with improved survival and responsiveness to PD-L1 blockade immunotherapy in bladder tumors that have high abundance of CD8+ T cells. In bladder tumors, NKG2A is acquired on CD8+ T cells later than PD-1 as well as other well-established immune checkpoints. NKG2A+ PD-1+ CD8+ T cells diverge from classically defined exhausted T cells through their ability to react to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I-deficient tumors using T cell receptor (TCR)-independent innate-like mechanisms. HLA-ABC expression by bladder tumors is progressively diminished as disease progresses, framing the importance of targeting TCR-independent anti-tumor functions. Notably, NKG2A+ CD8+ T cells are inhibited when HLA-E is expressed by tumors and partly restored upon NKG2A blockade in an HLA-E-dependent manner. Overall, our study provides a framework for subsequent clinical trials combining NKG2A blockade with other T cell-targeted immunotherapies, where tumors express higher levels of HLA-E.


Assuntos
Subfamília C de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I , Humanos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...