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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130575, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293546

RESUMO

Two bimetallic CoNi-based metallo-covalent organic frameworks (MCOFs) were prepared and explored as the sensitive platforms of impedimetric aptasensors for efficient detection of tobramycin (TOB). The two CoNi-MCOFs were constructed using metallophthalocyanine tetra-amine (MPc-TA, M = Co2+ or Ni2+) and 4,4'-(1,10-phen-anthroline-2,9-diyl) dibenzaldehyde (PTD) as building units and further coordinating to the secondary metal ions (Ni2+ or Co2+) by phenanthroline. Interestingly, the immobilization ability of CoPc-TA-PTD(Ni) to TOB-targeted aptamer is higher than that of NiPc-TA-PTD(Co) due to its stronger binding interactions to aptamer. As a result, the CoPc-TA-PTD(Ni)-based aptasensor shows the superior TOB detection ability, giving a low detection limit of 0.07 fg mL-1 and satisfied sensing performances, such as high selectivity, good reproducibility, and excellent stability. Also, the aptasensor shows the acceptable applicability for detecting TOB in milk or chicken egg. This MCOFs-based sensing strategy could be extensively applied to detect other analytes by anchoring the corresponding probes.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tobramicina
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636236

RESUMO

Biomimetic scaffolds with transparent, biocompatible, and in situ-forming properties are highly desirable for corneal tissue engineering, which can deeply fill corneal stromal defects with irregular shapes and support tissue regeneration. We here engineer a novel class of corneal scaffolds from oligoethylene glycol (OEG)-based dendronized chitosans (DCs), whose aqueous solutions show intriguing sol-gel transitions triggered by physiological temperature, resulting in highly transparent hydrogels. Gelling points of these hydrogels can be easily tuned, and furthermore, their mechanical strengths can be significantly enhanced when injected into PBS at 37 °C instead of pure water. In vitro tests indicate that these DC hydrogels exhibit excellent biocompatibility and can promote proliferation and migration of keratocyte. When applied in the rabbit eyes with corneal stromal defects, in situ formed DC hydrogels play a positive effect for new tissue regeneration. Overall, this thermo-gelling DCs possess appealing features as corneal tissue substitutes with their excellent biocompatibility and unprecedented thermoresponsiveness.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612625

RESUMO

Phytoferritin has a natural cagelike architecture for carrying bioactive molecules, and it is uniquely suited to function as a carrier due to its multiple interfaces and channels. In this study, a novel approach was proposed to prepare ferritin-salvianolic acid B-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) three-layer nanoparticles (FSE) through the steric hindrance of ferritin channels. Urea (30 mM) could expand the ferritin channel size evidenced by the improved iron release rate vo and promote the EGCG penetration into the ferritin cavity without disassembly of the ferritin cage. The encapsulation ratio of EGCG was 16.0 ± 0.14% (w/w). Salvianolic acid B attached to the outer interface of ferritin through weak bonds with a binding constant of (2.91 ± 0.04) × 105 M-1. The FSE maintained a spherical structure with a diameter of 12 nm. Moreover, when subjected to heat (40-70 °C) there was a significant increase in the stability of EGCG in the FSE due to the binding of salvianolic acid B. Through this interesting approach, two molecules are simultaneously attached and encapsulated in ferritin in a multilayer form under moderate conditions, which is conducive to the protection of unstable molecules for potential encapsulation and delivery utilization.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5796, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608154

RESUMO

The axonemal central pair (CP) are non-centrosomal microtubules critical for planar ciliary beat. How they form, however, is poorly understood. Here, we show that mammalian CP formation requires Wdr47, Camsaps, and microtubule-severing activity of Katanin. Katanin severs peripheral microtubules to produce central microtubule seeds in nascent cilia. Camsaps stabilize minus ends of the seeds to facilitate microtubule outgrowth, whereas Wdr47 concentrates Camsaps into the axonemal central lumen to properly position central microtubules. Wdr47 deficiency in mouse multicilia results in complete loss of CP, rotatory beat, and primary ciliary dyskinesia. Overexpression of Camsaps or their microtubule-binding regions induces central microtubules in Wdr47-/- ependymal cells but at the expense of low efficiency, abnormal numbers, and wrong location. Katanin levels and activity also impact the central microtubule number. We propose that Wdr47, Camsaps, and Katanin function together for the generation of non-centrosomal microtubule arrays in polarized subcellular compartments.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623815

RESUMO

We report a polymer brush-based approach for fabricating multivalent patchy nanoparticles (NPs) with the number of nanodomains (valency) from 6 to 10, potentially from 1 to 10, by exploiting the lateral microphase separation of binary mixed homopolymer brushes grafted on NPs with a radius comparable to the polymer sizes. Well-defined mixed brushes were grown on 20.4 nm silica NPs by two-step surface-initiated reversible deactivation radical polymerizations and microphase separated laterally upon casting from a good solvent, producing multivalent NPs on 2D surfaces. A linear relationship between valency and average core size for the corresponding valency was observed. The mixed brush NPs exhibited abilities to form "bonds" through the overlap of nanodomains and to change the valency when interacting with adjacent NPs. This method could open up a new avenue for studying patchy NPs.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 711329, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566965

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DCs) play essential roles in innate and adaptive immunity and show high heterogeneity and intricate ontogeny. Advances in high-throughput sequencing technologies, particularly single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), have improved the understanding of DC subsets. In this review, we discuss in detail the remarkable perspectives in DC reclassification and ontogeny as revealed by scRNA-seq. Moreover, the heterogeneity and multifunction of DCs during diseases as determined by scRNA-seq are described. Finally, we provide insights into the challenges and future trends in scRNA-seq technologies and DC research.

7.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2677-2686, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588776

RESUMO

Purpose: Omega-3 fatty acid is an emerging hotspot on anti-inflammation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known as a chronic inflammatory disease. The effect of Omega-3 fatty acid supplement on patients with COPD remains mixed for insufficient evidence. This systematic review and meta-analysis is based on neat randomized controlled trials trying to give a clearer impression on the effect of Omega-3 on patients with COPD. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statements. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) published in electronic databases including Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) by May 10, 2021 were searched. Data extracted from 6 predetermined domains (nutritional condition, lipid composition, inflammatory biomarker, lung function, physical endurance and quality of life [QoL]) were reviewed and analyzed. Results: A total of 8 RCTs evaluating 418 patients (age, mean [SD] = 67.3 [10.2] years) were included. Statistical differences were found in 3 parameters of 3 domains - weight (Wt) (0.25 [95% CI, 0.02 to 0.48], P = 0.03) in nutritional condition, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (0.70 [95% CI, 0.30 to 1.10], P = 0.00) in lipid composition and interleukin-6 (IL-6) level (-0.32 [95% CI, -0.60 to -0.05], P = 0.02) in inflammatory biomarker - while no significant difference was found in lung function, physical endurance or QoL. Conclusion: Comparing with placebo, Omega-3 intake was associated with more weight-gaining, LDL increase and IL-6 reduction. These results should be interpreted cautiously for the quality and quantity of available evidence are limited.

8.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211041201, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569371

RESUMO

To compare the dosimetric influence of applicator displacement on two-dimensional brachytherapy (2D-BT) and three-dimensional brachytherapy (3D-BT) for cervical cancer. Nineteen patients who received computed tomography-guided tandem-and-ovoid (T&O) brachytherapy were retrospectively selected. Both 2D (point-based) and 3D (volume-based) plans with and without virtual applicator displacement in the 3 axes were created for each patient. Dose changes at point A, D90 of the high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) and intermediate-risk CTV (IR-CTV), and the D0.1cc, D1cc, D2cc, and D5cc of organs-at-risk (OARs) caused by applicator displacement were evaluated. Both 2D-BT and 3D-BT plans were sensitive to T&O applicator displacement. The D90 of the CTV and the dose at point A were very sensitive to applicator displacement in the right-left direction (X-axis). An applicator shift of >2 mm in the X-axis resulted in a change of >5% in the dose at point A and D90 of HR-CTV and IR-CTV. In addition, the doses to the OARs were mostly affected by applicator displacement in the anterior-posterior direction (Z-axis). A displacement of <1.5 mm in the Z-axis was required to avoid a dose change of >10% for OARs. For both 2D-BT and 3D-BT plans, T&O displacement greater than ± 2 mm in the X-axis or T&O applicator displacement ± 1.5 mm in the Z-axis resulted in significant dose changes to the tumor and OARs. In comparison with 3D-BT plans, 2D-BT plans delivered a higher dose to the tumor, and the OARs received more undesirable doses when applicator displacement occurred. The influence of applicator displacement on the doses to the tumor and OARs differed between 2D-BT and 3D-BT. Physicians should take individual patient differences into account when selecting a brachytherapy plan to mitigate the influence of applicator displacement.

9.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel technique of using incisional vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) after 1-stage incision suture combined with closed suction irrigation system (CSIS) for treating early deep surgical site infection (SSI) after posterior lumbar fusion with instrumentation and to compare it with traditional CSIS. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Patients with early deep SSI after posterior lumbar fusion with instrumentation from January 2013 to May 2020 who were treated by meticulous debridement followed by either CSIS or incisional VAC after 1-stage incision suture combined with CSIS were identified. The demographic characteristics, treatment features, and outcomes were analyzed and compared between the 2 treatment methods. RESULTS: A total of 48 patients (48/5016, 0.96%) developed early deep SSI, 46 of whom were enrolled in this study. This included 24 patients in the CSIS group (group 1) and 22 patients in the incisional VAC after 1-stage incision suture combined with CSIS group (group 2). All patients received follow-up, with an average of 19.7 months (range, 13-30 months). There were no significant differences in demographic characteristics in both groups (P > 0.05). The number of VAC foam dressing or ordinary dressing changes (P < 0.001), number of debridements (P = 0.028), intravenous antibiotic duration (P = 0.042), oral antibiotic duration (P = 0.019), and hospital stay (P = 0.029) in group 1 were significantly higher than those in group 2. The irrigation duration in group 1 was significantly shorter than that in group 2 (P = 0.007). All patients were eventually cured with satisfactory outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with CSIS, incisional VAC after 1-stage incision suture combined with CSIS may be recommended considering that it has fewer dressing changes, fewer debridements, longer irrigation duration, shorter duration of antibiotic use, shorter hospital stay, and more convenient nursing care.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553722

RESUMO

A photoelectrochemical (PEC)-electrochemical (EC) dual-mode biosensing strategy based on COF@MOF heterostructure was developed for efficiently analyzing Cr(III) ions. A two-dimensional phthalocyanine-based COF (CoPc-PT-COF) was in situ grown on a Cu-based MOF (Cu-MOF) substrate via covalent binding between carboxyl groups in Cu-MOF and amino groups in CoPc-PT-COF (denoted as CoPc-PT-COF@Cu-MOF). The coexistence of both phthalocyanine and bipyridine in CoPc-PT-COF@Cu-MOF affords the outperformed electro- and photo-activities, thus serving as a photoelectric beacon with favorable energy-band configuration and amplified electrochemical response. Due to the high porosity and rich functionality of the obtained heterostructure, the DNA strands can be tightly anchored over CoPc-PT-COF@Cu-MOF via diverse interactions. Thanks to the specific recognition between DNA strands and Cr3+ ions, the CoPc-PT-COF@Cu-MOF-based biosensor can be used to determine Cr3+ ions in an aqueous environment by PEC-EC mode. The gained biosensor shows an extremely low limit of detection (LOD) of 14.5 fM (for PEC) and 22.9 fM (for EC) within the Cr3+ concentration range from 0.1 pM to 100 nM, along with high selectivity, good reproducibility and stability. Moreover, this novel biosensor exhibits acceptable applicability for analyzing the trace Cr3+ from diverse samples (e.g., river and tap water). As a result, this work provides new insights into the construction of a high-efficiency PEC-EC dual-mode biosensor for detecting heavy metal ions from complex environments.

11.
Pain Physician ; 24(6): 441-452, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (PE-TLIF) has been increasingly used to treat degenerative lumbar disease in recent years. However, there are still controversies about whether PE-TLIF is superior to minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF). OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical outcomes and complications of PE-TLIF and MIS-TLIF in treating degenerative lumbar disease. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive search of online databases including PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify related studies reporting the outcomes and complications of PE-TLIF and MIS-TLIF for degenerative lumbar disease. The clinical outcomes were assessed by the Visual Analog Scale and Oswestry Disability Index. In addition, the operative time, intraoperative blood loss, time to ambulation, length of hospital stay, fusion rate, and surgery-related complications were summarized. Forest plots were constructed to investigate the results. RESULTS: A total of 28 studies involving 1,475 patients were included in this meta-analysis. PE-TLIF significantly reduced operative time, intraoperative blood loss, time to ambulation, and length of hospital stay compared to MIS-TLIF. Moreover, PE-TLIF was superior to MIS-TLIF in the early postoperative relief of back pain. However, there were no significant differences in medium to long-term clinical outcomes, fusion rate, and incidence of complications between PE-TLIF and MIS-TLIF. LIMITATIONS: The current evidence is heterogeneous and most studies included in this meta-analysis are nonrandomized controlled trials. CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis indicates that medium to long-term clinical outcomes and complication rates of PE-TLIF were similar to MIS-TLIF for the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease. However, PE-TLIF shows advantages in less surgical trauma, faster recovery, and early postoperative relief of back pain.

12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1111-1119, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487931

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are considered to be promising candidates for next-generation storage systems. However, the practical applications are still hindered by the severe capacity decay, mainly caused by the large volume change, polysulfide shuttle and sluggish sulfur conversion kinetics. Herein, hollow urchin-like Mn3O4 (HU-Mn3O4) microspheres as sulfur hosts have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method and calcination treatment, aiming to prevent the polysulfide dissolution (benefiting from the strong polysulfide anchoring effect of Mn3O4) and alleviate the volume expansion of sulfur (benefiting from the special hollow structure). Meanwhile, the urchin-like thorny surface also facilitates the rapid ion/electron transfer and the abundant active sites for the fast sulfur redox kinetics. When used as the sulfur host in Li-S batteries, the S@HU-Mn3O4 cathode delivers a high initial capacity of 1137.4 mAh g-1 with a slow capacity decay of 0.042% after 200 cycles at 0.2 C. Even under the conditions of lean electrolyte (E/S = 7 mL g-1) and low N/P ratio (N/P = 2.1), the S@HU-Mn3O4 cathode still enables a stable cycling performance with a high gravimetric energy density (202 Wh kg cell-1), demonstrating its great potential in the development of future practical Li-S battery materials.

13.
New Phytol ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480752

RESUMO

Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is a predominant form of active auxin in plants. In addition to de novo biosynthesis and release from its conjugate forms, IAA can be converted from its precursor indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). The IBA-derived IAA may help drive root hair elongation in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings, but how the IBA-to-IAA conversion is regulated and affects IAA function requires further investigation. In this study, HOMEOBOX PROTEIN 24 (HB24), a transcription factor in the zinc finger-homeodomain family (ZF-HD family) of proteins, was identified. With loss of HB24 function, defective growth occurred in root hairs. INDOLE-3-BUTYRIC ACID RESPONSE 1 (IBR1), which encodes an enzyme involved in the IBA-to-IAA conversion, was identified as a direct target of HB24 for the control of root hair elongation. The exogenous IAA or auxin analogue 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) both rescued the root hair growth phenotype of hb24 mutants, but IBA did not, suggesting a role for HB24 in the IBA-to-IAA conversion. Therefore, HB24 participates in root hair elongation by upregulating the expression of IBR1 and subsequently promoting the IBA-to-IAA conversion. Moreover, IAA also elevated the expression of HB24, suggesting a feedback loop is involved in IBA-to-IAA conversion-mediated root hair elongation.

14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 171-180, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500416

RESUMO

Metal oxides are prospective alternative anode materials to the commercial graphite for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), while their practical application is seriously hampered by their poor conductivities and large volume changes. Herein, we report the controllable synthesis of amorphous/crystalline MnCo2Ox nanoparticles within porous carbon nanofibers (marked as MCO@CNFs) through a facile electrospinning strategy and subsequent annealing reactions. The phase structures from Co/MnOX to amorphous MnCo2Ox and crystalline MnCo2O4.5 can be readily tuned by thermal reduction/oxidation under controlled atmosphere and temperature. When examined as anode for LIBs, the optimized MCO@CNFs delivers a high stable capacity of 780.3 mA h g-1 at 200 mA g-1 after 250 cycles, which is attributed to the synergistic effect of the distinctive amorphous structure and defective carbon nanofiber matrices. Specifically, the amorphous structure with rich defects offers more reactive sites and multiple pathways for the Li+ diffusion, while carbon hybridization sufficiently improves the electrode conductivities as well as buffers the volume changes. More importantly, we demonstrate a convenient synthesis strategy to control the metal-to-oxide structure evolution within carbon matrices, which is of great importance in exploring high-performance electrodes for next generation LIBs.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541855

RESUMO

Lithium-ion capacitors (LICs) have been considered as an advanced energy storage system owing to their high energy and power densities. However, their application in a wide temperature range is still a great challenge due to the reduced ionic conductivity of the electrolyte and the poor electric conductivity of the battery-type transition metal oxide electrodes. Herein, an all-climate LIC is well-fabricated with TiNb2O7@expanded graphite as the anode and activated carbon as the cathode in an optimized electrolyte, which can be operated within a wide temperature range from -60 to +55 °C. Benefitting from the synergetic effect of the improved electrode and electrolyte, the LIC exhibits an outstanding energy density of 119 W h kg-1 and a power density of 5110 W kg-1 based on the total mass of both negative and positive electrodes. Moreover, it can deliver a capacity retention of as high as 42% at -60 °C and function at a superior rate capability at a high temperature of +55 °C, which exhibits an all-climate feature and the potential for wide applications under some extreme conditions.

16.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211045956, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569336

RESUMO

Background: Acrylamide (ACR), an important endogenous contaminant in carbohydrate-rich foods, has been involved in various negative effects on multiple organ networks, including the reproductive system. Previous studies have reported that ACR affects oocyte quality and fertility. Purpose: This study aimed to explore the toxic effects and regulatory mechanisms of ACR on mouse germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes. Research Design: In this study, adult female mice were exposed to ACR at 10 mg/kg/day/body weight through their drinking water continuously for 4 weeks. Study Sample and Data Analysis: The mitochondrial function, autophagy/apoptosis, and development potential of GV oocytes were investigated. Results: The results showed that ACR reduced the oocyte diameter, sperm-binding ability, parthenogenetic activation and in vitro fertilization (IVF) rate, and development potential of pre-implantation embryos. We also found that ACR exposure disrupted chromatin configuration, mitochondrial distribution, and membrane potential (Δφm) of oocytes. Actin filament expression was significantly reduced in both the membrane and cytoplasm of mouse oocytes. Moreover, ACR exposure increased LC3-positive signals, early apoptosis rate, aberrant ATG3, ATG5, LC3, Beclin1, and mTOR mRNA expression. Conclusions: These results suggest that ACR exposure can affect the developmental potential of GV oocytes by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction, actin filament assembly, and autophagy/apoptosis.

17.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529565

RESUMO

Medical imaging denoising faces great challenges, yet is in great demand. With its distinctive characteristics, medical imaging denoising in the image domain requires innovative deep learning strategies. In this study, we propose a simple yet effective strategy, the content-noise complementary learning (CNCL) strategy, in which two deep learning predictors are used to learn the respective content and noise of the image dataset complementarily. A medical image denoising pipeline based on the CNCL strategy is presented, and is implemented as a generative adversarial network, where various representative networks (including U-Net, DnCNN, and SRDenseNet) are investigated as the predictors. The performance of these implemented models has been validated on medical imaging datasets including CT, MR, and PET. The results show that this strategy outperforms state-of-the-art denoising algorithms in terms of visual quality and quantitative metrics, and the strategy demonstrates a robust generalization capability. These findings validate that this simple yet effective strategy demonstrates promising potential for medical image denoising tasks, which could exert a clinical impact in the future. Code is available at: https://github.com/gengmufeng/CNCL-denoising.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515930

RESUMO

Herein, MI-Ag-TiO2 was prepared by one-step sol-gel method, and its photocatalytic and characterization performance were fully analyzed. Within 120 min, the photocatalytic degradation rate of MI-Ag-TiO2 to ethyl paraben was 93.4%, which was 1.48 times that of naked TiO2. Compared with Ag-TiO2, MI-TiO2, and TiO2, the photocatalytic selectivity of MI-Ag-TiO2 to target pollutants increased by 24.5%, 31.5%, and 100%, respectively. Hence, the one-step molecular imprinting method can simply and quickly improve the photocatalytic performance of TiO2. This research may help to further promote the practical application of molecularly imprinted photocatalysts in the future.

19.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 268, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA 0029803 (circ_0029803) was found to be upregulated in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues, but its function and underlying molecular mechanism are not studied in CRC. METHODS: The expression levels of circ_0029803, microRNA-216b-5p (miR-216b-5p), and ski-oncogene-like (SKIL) were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RNase R treatment was used to affirm the existence of circ_0029803. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assessed by colony formation, flow cytometry, and Transwell assays, respectively. A glucose and lactate assay kit was used to detect glucose consumption and lactate production. Western blot was applied to analyze the levels of all proteins. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to assess the relationship between miR-216b-5p and circ_0029803 or SKIL. Tumor xenograft models were established to elucidate the effect of circ_0029803 in vivo. RESULTS: Circ_0029803 expression was enhanced in CRC tissues and cells, and the 5-year overall survival rate of patients with high circ_0029803 expression was substantially reduced. Circ_0029803 depletion retarded proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT and glycolysis of CRC cells in vitro as well as the tumor growth in vivo. Mechanically, circ_0029803 could serve as miR-216b-5p sponge to regulate its expression, and miR-216b-5p knockdown reversed the inhibition of si-circ_0029803 on the malignant behaviors of CRC cells. Additionally, as the target mRNA of miR-216b-5p, SKIL could counteract the inhibitory effect of miR-216b-5p on the development of CRC cells. Importantly, silencing circ_0029803 reduced SKIL expression via sponging miR-216b-5p. CONCLUSION: Circ_0029803 knockdown hindered proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT, and glycolysis and promoted apoptosis in CRC cells by modulating the miR-216b-5p/SKIL axis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , MicroRNAs , RNA Circular , Animais , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas , RNA Circular/genética
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4096-4102, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467719

RESUMO

The pharmacological effects of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different producing areas are uneven. Accurate identification of its producing areas by computer vision and machine learning(CVML) is conducive to evaluating the quality of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. This paper collected the high-definition images of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different producing areas using a digital camera to construct an image database, followed by the extraction of texture features based on the grayscale relationship of adjacent pixels in the image. Then a support vector machine(SVM)-based prediction model for predicting the producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix was built. The experimental results showed that the prediction accuracy reached up to 98.49% under the conditions of the model training set occupying 80%, the test set occupying 20%, and the sampling radius(r) of adjacent pixels being 2. When the training set was set to 10%, the prediction accuracy was still over 93%. Among the three producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Huzhu county, Qinghai province exhibited the highest error rate, while Heqing county, Yunnan province the lowest error rate. Angelicae Sinensis Radix from Minxian county, Gansu province and Huzhu county, Qinghai province were both wrongly attributed to Heqing county, Yunnan province, while most of those from Huzhu county, Qinghai province were misjudged as the samples produced in Minxian county, Gansu province. The method designed in this paper enabled the rapid and non-destructive prediction of the producing areas of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, boasting high accuracy and strong stability. There were definite morphological differences between Angelicae Sinensis Radix samples from Minxian county, Gansu province and those from Huzhu county, Qinghai province. The wrongly predicted samples from Minxian county, Gansu province and Huzhu city, Qinghai province shared similar morphological characteristics with those from Heqing county, Yunnan province. Most wrongly predicted samples from Heqing county, Yunnan province were similar to the ones from Minxian county, Gansu province in morphological characteristics.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química
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