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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(7): 289, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847838

RESUMO

Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic pathogen commonly implicated in medical device-related infections. Its propensity to form biofilms not only leads to chronic infections but also exacerbates the issue of antibiotic resistance, necessitating high-dose antimicrobial treatments. In this study, we explored the use of diclofenac sodium, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, as an anti-biofilm agent against S. epidermidis. In this study, crystal violet staining and confocal laser scanning microscope analysis showed that diclofenac sodium, at subinhibitory concentration (0.4 mM), significantly inhibited biofilm formation in both methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis isolates. MTT assays demonstrated that 0.4 mM diclofenac sodium reduced the metabolic activity of biofilms by 25.21-49.01% compared to untreated controls. Additionally, the treatment of diclofenac sodium resulted in a significant decrease (56.01-65.67%) in initial bacterial adhesion, a crucial early phase of biofilm development. Notably, diclofenac sodium decreased the production of polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA), a key component of the S. epidermidis biofilm matrix, in a dose-dependent manner. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that diclofenac sodium treatment downregulated biofilm-associated genes icaA, fnbA, and sigB and upregulated negative regulatory genes icaR and luxS, providing potential mechanistic insights. These findings indicate that diclofenac sodium inhibits S. epidermidis biofilm formation by affecting initial bacterial adhesion and the PIA synthesis. This underscores the potential of diclofenac sodium as a supplementary antimicrobial agent in combating staphylococcal biofilm-associated infections.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Biofilmes , Diclofenaco , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus epidermidis/fisiologia , Diclofenaco/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 177: 116859, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879892

RESUMO

Phellinus igniarius is an important medicinal and edible fungus with diverse biological activities. This study aimed to investigate the effects of aqueous extract from P. igniarius (API) on the treatment of hyperuricemia (HUA) and related kidney damage. The chemical constituents of API were determined. The therapeutic effects of API on HUA and renal injury were assessed in adenine/potassium oxonate (PO)-treated mice. The constituent analysis of API revealed a predominance of polysaccharides (33.4 %), followed by total flavonoids (9.1 %), and total triterpenoids (3.5 %). Compared to control, the adenine/PO treatment greatly elevated serum uric acid (UA) levels but this elevation was attenuated by API. In the liver, the expression and activity of xanthine oxidase (XOD) were increased by HUA which were diminished by API. Furthermore, API was found to enhance the expression of UA transporter ABCG2 in the kidney and intestine of HUA mice, suggesting elevating UA excretion. Additionally, API ameliorated HUA-induced renal injury, as indicated by reduced serum BUN/creatinine levels, decreased glomerular and tubular damage, and lowered fibrotic levels. Network pharmacology analysis predicted that P. igniarius may regulate mitochondrial function to improve HUA-related renal injury. This prediction was then substantialized by the API-induced upregulation of NAD+/NADH ratio, ATP level, SOD2 activity, and expression of SOD2/PCG-1α/PPARγ in the kidney of HUA mice. Our results demonstrate that API may effectively ameliorate HUA by reducing UA production in the liver and enhancing UA excretion in the kidney and intestine, and it might be a potential therapy to HUA-related renal injury.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(25): e2314036121, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857391

RESUMO

Permafrost regions contain approximately half of the carbon stored in land ecosystems and have warmed at least twice as much as any other biome. This warming has influenced vegetation activity, leading to changes in plant composition, physiology, and biomass storage in aboveground and belowground components, ultimately impacting ecosystem carbon balance. Yet, little is known about the causes and magnitude of long-term changes in the above- to belowground biomass ratio of plants (η). Here, we analyzed η values using 3,013 plots and 26,337 species-specific measurements across eight sites on the Tibetan Plateau from 1995 to 2021. Our analysis revealed distinct temporal trends in η for three vegetation types: a 17% increase in alpine wetlands, and a decrease of 26% and 48% in alpine meadows and alpine steppes, respectively. These trends were primarily driven by temperature-induced growth preferences rather than shifts in plant species composition. Our findings indicate that in wetter ecosystems, climate warming promotes aboveground plant growth, while in drier ecosystems, such as alpine meadows and alpine steppes, plants allocate more biomass belowground. Furthermore, we observed a threefold strengthening of the warming effect on η over the past 27 y. Soil moisture was found to modulate the sensitivity of η to soil temperature in alpine meadows and alpine steppes, but not in alpine wetlands. Our results contribute to a better understanding of the processes driving the response of biomass distribution to climate warming, which is crucial for predicting the future carbon trajectory of permafrost ecosystems and climate feedback.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Ecossistema , Pergelissolo , Tibet , Áreas Alagadas , Plantas/metabolismo , Mudança Climática , Temperatura , Ciclo do Carbono , Desenvolvimento Vegetal/fisiologia , Solo/química , Pradaria
4.
Metab Brain Dis ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842662

RESUMO

Inhibitor of apoptosis stimulating protein of p53 (iASPP) is related to the pathogenesis of several neurological disorders by affecting the oxidative stress and survival of neurons. However, whether iASPP has a role in Parkinson disease (PD) remains to be determined. This work explored the potential regulatory effect of iASPP in an in vitro model of PD based on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+)-evoked neurotoxicity of dopaminergic neurons in culture. MN9D neurons were treated with MPP+ at 200 µM in the culture media for 24 h to induce neurotoxicity. Overexpression and silencing of iASPP in neurons were achieved by infecting recombinant adenovirus expressing iASPP and sh-iASPP, respectively. Protein expression was examined by immunoblotting. MPP+-evoked neurotoxicity of dopaminergic neurons was determined by cell viability, TUNEL, and flow cytometric assays. The transcriptional activity of nuclear erythroid factor 2-like 2 (Nrf2) was assessed by luciferase reporter assay. Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-knockout neurons were generated by lentiCRISPR/Cas9-Keap1 constructs. Expression levels of iASPP declined in MPP+-stimulated neurons. Overexpression of iASPP in neurons exhibited inhibitory effects on MPP+-evoked apoptosis, α-synuclein accumulation, and oxidative stress, while iASPP-deficient neurons were more sensitive to MPP+-induced neurotoxicity. Overexpression of iASPP led to an enhancing effect on Nrf2 activation in MPP+-stimulated neurons. Mechanism research revealed that iASPP may contribute to the activation of Nrf2 by competing with Nrf2 in binding with Keap1. Notably, the regulatory effect of iASPP on Nrf2 was diminished in Keap1-knockout neurons. The chemical inhibition of Nrf2 or knockdown of Nrf2 abrogated the protective effects of iASPP on MPP+-induced neurotoxicity. To conclude, iASPP protects dopaminergic neurons against MPP+-induced neurotoxicity through modulation of the Keap1/Nrf2 axis. Therefore, iASPP may play a crucial role in mediating the loss of dopaminergic neurons in PD, and targeting the iASPP-Nrf2 axis could be a promising strategy for treating PD.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13398, 2024 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862626

RESUMO

Uncaria rhynchophylla is an important traditional herbal medicine in China, and the yield and quality of Uncaria rhynchophylla can be improved by suitable soil conditioners because of changing the soil properties. In this paper, Uncaria rhynchophylla associated alkaloids and soil microbial  communities were investigated. The field experiment was set up with the following control group: (M1, no soil conditioner) and different soil conditioner treatment groups (M2, biomass ash; M3, water retention agent; M4, biochar; M5, lime powder and M6, malic acid). The results showed that M2 significantly increased the fresh and dry weight and the contents of isorhynchophylline, corynoxeine, isocorynoxeine, and total alkaloids. Acidobacteria, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Chloroflexi were major bacterial phyla. Correlation analysis showed that fresh and dry weight was significantly positively correlated with Acidobacteria, while alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, phosphatase activity, fresh and dry weight, corynoxeine, and isocorynoxeine were significantly negatively correlated with Chloroflexi. The application of soil conditioner M2 increased the abundance of Acidobacteria and decreased the abundance of Chloroflexi, which contributed to improving the soil nutrient content, yield, and quality of Uncaria rhynchophylla. In summary, biomass ash may be a better choice of soil conditioner in Uncaria rhynchophylla growing areas.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Solo , Solo , Uncaria , Solo/química , Uncaria/química , Biomassa , Microbiota , Alcaloides/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , China , Nitrogênio/análise , Nitrogênio/metabolismo
6.
mSphere ; : e0031724, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837389

RESUMO

The emerging prevalence of drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates underscores the urgent need for alternative therapeutic strategies due to the declining effectiveness of traditional antibiotics in clinical settings. MgrA, a key virulence regulator in S. aureus, orchestrates the expression of numerous virulence factors. Here, we report the discovery of isorhapontigenin, a methoxylated analog of resveratrol, as a potential anti-virulence agent against S. aureus. Isorhapontigenin effectively inhibits the hemolytic activity of S. aureus in a non-bactericidal manner. Additionally, it significantly reduces the cytotoxicity of S. aureus and impairs its ability to survive in macrophages. Mechanistically, isorhapontigenin modulates the expression of virulence factors, dose-dependently downregulating hla and upregulating the MgrA-regulated gene spa. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated that isorhapontigenin inhibits the binding of MgrA to the hla promoter in a dose-dependent manner. Thermal shift assays confirmed the direct interaction between isorhapontigenin and the MgrA protein. The in vivo experiments demonstrated that isorhapontigenin significantly reduced the area of skin abscesses and improved survival in a pneumonia model while decreasing bacterial burden and inflammation in the lungs. In conclusion, isorhapontigenin holds potential as a candidate drug for further development as an anti-virulence agent for treating S. aureus infections. IMPORTANCE: The emergence of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains presents a formidable challenge to public health, necessitating novel approaches in combating these pathogens. Traditional antibiotics are becoming increasingly ineffective, leading to a pressing need for innovative therapeutic strategies. In this study, targeting virulence factors that play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of bacterial infections offers a promising alternative to circumvent resistance mechanisms. The discovery of isorhapontigenin as an inhibitor of S. aureus virulence represents a significant advance in anti-virulence therapy.

7.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 18: 2215-2225, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38882049

RESUMO

Objective: While the role of aldosterone in bone metabolism is well established, the specific effects of the widely used aldosterone antagonist, spironolactone, on bone health are not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of spironolactone on osteoporosis and future fracture risk in middle-aged and elderly hypertensive patients, revealing its potential benefits for bone health. Methods: Propensity score matching was employed in this study to create matched groups of spironolactone users and non-users at a 1:4 ratio. We investigated the association between spironolactone use and the risk of osteoporosis using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, we conducted multivariate linear regression analysis to explore the relationship between cumulative dosage and the FRAX score. Subgroup analysis was also performed to assess the effects under different stratification conditions. Results: In both pre-match and post-match analyses, multivariable logistic regression revealed a significant reduction in the risk of osteoporosis in the spironolactone usage group (pre-match: odds ratios [OR] 0.406, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.280-0.588; post-match: OR 0.385, 95% CI, 0.259-0.571). Furthermore, post-match multivariable linear regression demonstrated a clear negative correlation between cumulative spironolactone dosage and the FRAX score. Subgroup analyses consistently supported these findings. Conclusion: This study offers evidence supporting the significant positive impact of the antihypertensive drug spironolactone on bone health, resulting in a substantial reduction in the risk of osteoporosis and future fractures in hypertensive patients. Future research should consider conducting large-scale, multicenter, randomized controlled trials to further investigate the long-term effects of spironolactone on bone health in hypertensive patients.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Osteoporose , Espironolactona , Humanos , Espironolactona/uso terapêutico , Espironolactona/farmacologia , Espironolactona/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco
8.
J Int Med Res ; 52(6): 3000605241260551, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863132

RESUMO

Pregnant women with severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) are uncommon, and there are limited data regarding anaesthesia for caesarean section in these high-risk individuals. The presence of anatomical and physiological abnormalities can pose technical challenges for the anaesthetist. This report describes the successful implementation of epidural anaesthesia in a parturient with severe OI. To our knowledge, this is the first documented use of ultrasound-assisted neuraxial anaesthesia and wrist blood pressure monitoring in such patients undergoing caesarean section. Understanding the pathophysiological changes associated with OI is crucial for ensuring safe administration of anaesthesia to these women.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Osteogênese Imperfeita , Humanos , Osteogênese Imperfeita/complicações , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Anestesistas
9.
Endocr Pract ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: White matter lesions (WMLs) increase the risk of stroke, stroke recurrence, and death. Higher plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) increases the risk of stroke, acute myocardial infarction, and hypertension. The objective is to evaluate the relationship between PAC and cerebrovascular events in patients with hypertension and WMLs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study that included 1041 participants hospitalized. The outcome was new-onset cerebrovascular events including intracerebral hemorrhage and stroke. A Cox regression model was used to evaluate the relationship between baseline PAC and the risk of cerebrovascular events. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 60.9 ± 10.2 years and 565 (53.4%) were males. The median follow-up duration was 42 months (interquartile range: 25-67), and 92 patients experienced new-onset cerebrovascular events. In a multivariate-adjusted model, with PAC as a continuous variable, higher PAC increased the risk of cerebrovascular events; patient risk increased per 1 (hazard ratio [HR: 1.03], 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.06, P < .01), per 5 (HR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.06-1.31, P < .01), and per 10 ng/dL (HR: 1.41, 95%: 1.14-1.75, P < .01) increase in PAC. When PAC was expressed as a categorical variable (quartile: Q1-Q4), patients in Q4 (HR: 2.12, 95% CI: 1.18-3.79, P < .05) exhibited an increased risk of cerebrovascular events compared to Q1. Restrictive spline regression showed a linear association between PAC and the risk of new-onset cerebrovascular events after adjusting for all possible variables. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified a linear association between PAC and the risk of new-onset cerebrovascular events in patients with hypertension and WMLs.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134594, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754233

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), widely used as flame retardants, easily enter the environment, thus posing environmental and health risks. Iron materials play a key role during the migration and transformation of PBDEs. This article reviews the processes and mechanisms of adsorption, degradation, and biological uptake and transformation of PBDEs affected by iron materials in the environment. Iron materials can effectively adsorb PBDEs through hydrophobic interactions, π-π interactions, hydrogen/halogen bonds, electrostatic interactions, coordination interactions, and pore filling interactions. In addition, they are beneficial for the photodegradation, reduction debromination, and advanced oxidation degradation and debromination of PBDEs. The iron material-microorganism coupling technology affects the uptake and transformation of PBDEs. In addition, iron materials can reduce the uptake of PBDEs in plants, affecting their bioavailability. The species, concentration, and size of iron materials affect plant physiology. Overall, iron materials play a bidirectional role in the biological uptake and transformation of PBDEs. It is necessary to strengthen the positive role of iron materials in reducing the environmental and health risks caused by PBDEs. This article provides innovative ideas for the rational use of iron materials in controlling the migration and transformation of PBDEs in the environment.


Assuntos
Biotransformação , Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Ferro , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/química , Ferro/química , Ferro/metabolismo , Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Poluentes Ambientais/química , Retardadores de Chama/metabolismo , Adsorção , Plantas/metabolismo
11.
Phytomedicine ; 130: 155560, 2024 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38815404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quercetin, the key ingredient in Xiaoyao Kangai Jieyu Formula, has been previously found to relieve breast cancer-related depression (BCRD). PURPOSE: We want to explore the potential mechanisms and therapeutic targets of quercetin alleviating BCRD. METHODS: BALB/c mice were injected subcutaneously with 4T1 cells and corticosterone (CORT) to create a BCRD mice model. The primary hippocampal neurons were co-induced with 10 µg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and 200 µM CORT for 6 h to establish an in vitro model of BCRD. Quercetin was applied to explore its effect on disease symptoms, gut microbiota, and lipid metabolism of BCRD mice. Lipid metabolism-related genes were screened based on network pharmacology. Molecular docking was employed to prove whether quercetin bound to prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2). PTGS2 overexpression was carried out to explore the underlying mechanism of quercetin treatment on BCRD. RESULTS: Quercetin treatment not only altered the composition and abundance of gut microbiota but also alleviated abnormal lipid metabolism in BCRD mice. In particular, quercetin down-regulated BCRD and lipid metabolism-related genes screened by network pharmacology, especially PTGS2. Further, molecular docking verified the stable binding between quercetin and PTGS2. In hippocampal neurons, quercetin promoted proliferation but reduced ferroptosis-related markers (total Fe, Fe2+, MDA, and ROS) levels by targeting PTGS2. In BCRD mice, quercetin reduced the high immobility time and increased the sucrose preference rate and serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and noradrenaline (NE) levels. Meanwhile, quercetin increased CD4+/CD8+ T cells ratio and IL-2 and IFN-γ levels but reduced CA153 and IL-10 levels to alleviate BCRD development. However, PTGS2 overexpression reversed these effects of quercetin on BCRD. CONCLUSION: Quercetin inhibited neuronal ferroptosis and promoted immune responses in BCRD mice by targeting the lipid metabolism-related gene PTGS2. This provided a reference for quercetin in the treatment of BCRD.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Depressão , Ferroptose , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Neurônios , Quercetina , Animais , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças
12.
Alzheimers Dement ; 20(6): 4212-4233, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compromised autophagy, including impaired mitophagy and lysosomal function, plays pivotal roles in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Urolithin A (UA) is a gut microbial metabolite of ellagic acid that stimulates mitophagy. The effects of UA's long-term treatment of AD and mechanisms of action are unknown. METHODS: We addressed these questions in three mouse models of AD with behavioral, electrophysiological, biochemical, and bioinformatic approaches. RESULTS: Long-term UA treatment significantly improved learning, memory, and olfactory function in different AD transgenic mice. UA also reduced amyloid beta (Aß) and tau pathologies and enhanced long-term potentiation. UA induced mitophagy via increasing lysosomal functions. UA improved cellular lysosomal function and normalized lysosomal cathepsins, primarily cathepsin Z, to restore lysosomal function in AD, indicating the critical role of cathepsins in UA-induced therapeutic effects on AD. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the importance of lysosomal dysfunction in AD etiology and points to the high translational potential of UA. HIGHLIGHTS: Long-term urolithin A (UA) treatment improved learning, memory, and olfactory function in Alzheimer's disease (AD) mice. UA restored lysosomal functions in part by regulating cathepsin Z (Ctsz) protein. UA modulates immune responses and AD-specific pathophysiological pathways.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Cumarínicos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lisossomos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mitofagia , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Cumarínicos/uso terapêutico , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mitofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 205: 108129, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754546

RESUMO

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry2Aa is a member of the Cry pore-forming, 3-domain, toxin family with activity against both lepidopteran and dipteran insects. Although domains II and III of the Cry toxins are believed to represent the primary specificity determinant through specific binding to cell receptors, it has been proposed that the pore-forming domain I of Cry2Aa also has such a role. Thus, a greater understanding of the functions of Cry2Aa's different domains could potentially be helpful in the rational design of improved toxins. In this work, cry2Aa and its domain fragments (DI, DII, DIII, DI-II and DII-DIII) were subcloned into the vector pGEX-6P-1 and expressed in Escherichia coli. Each protein was recognized by anti-Cry2Aa antibodies and, except for the DII fragment, could block binding of the antibody to Cry2Aa. Cry2Aa and its DI and DI-II fragments bound to brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) from H. armigera and also to a ca 150 kDa BBMV protein on a far western (ligand) blot. In contrast the DII, DIII and DII-III fragments bound to neither of these. None of the fragments were stable in H. armigera gut juice nor showed any toxicity towards this insect. Our results indicate that contrary to the general model of Cry toxin activity domain I plays a role in the binding of the toxin to the insect midgut.


Assuntos
Toxinas de Bacillus thuringiensis , Proteínas de Bactérias , Endotoxinas , Proteínas Hemolisinas , Mariposas , Animais , Endotoxinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Toxinas de Bacillus thuringiensis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Mariposas/metabolismo , Mariposas/microbiologia , Sítios de Ligação , Bacillus thuringiensis/metabolismo , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Domínios Proteicos , Helicoverpa armigera
14.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(5): 355, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777825

RESUMO

As a typical E3 ligase, TRIM65 (tripartite motif containing 65) is involved in the regulation of antiviral innate immunity and the pathogenesis of certain tumors. However, the role of TRIM65 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the underlying mechanism has not been determined yet. In this study, we identified TRIM65 as a novel oncogene in RCC, which enhanced the tumor cell proliferation and anchorage-independent growth abilities both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we found that TRIM65-regulated RCC proliferation mainly via direct interaction with BTG3 (BTG anti-proliferation factor 3), which in turn induced the K48-linked ubiquitination and subsequent degradation through K41 amino acid. Furthermore, TRIM65 relieved G2/M phase cell cycle arrest via degradation of BTG3 and regulated downstream factors. Further studies revealed that TRIM65 acts through TRIM65-BTG3-CyclinD1 axis and clinical sample IHC chip data indicated a negative correction between TRIM65 and BTG3. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that TRIM65 promotes RCC cell proliferation via regulation of the cell cycle through degradation of BTG3, suggesting that TRIM65 may be a promising target for RCC therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Renais , Proteólise , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Ubiquitinação , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Animais , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células HEK293 , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular
15.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-11, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the relationship between the systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) and bone mineral density (BMD), osteoporosis, and future fracture risk in elderly hypertensive patients. METHODS: Elderly hypertensive patients (age ≥60 years) who attended our hospital between January 2021 and December 2023 and completed BMD screening were included in the study. Analyses were performed with multivariate logistic and linear regression. RESULTS: The multiple linear regression indicated that SIRI levels were significantly negatively correlated with lumbar 1 BMD (ß = -0.15, 95% CI: -0.24, -0.05), lumbar 2 BMD (ß = -0.15, 95% CI: -0.24, -0.05), lumbar 3 BMD (ß = -1.35, 95% CI: -0.23, -0.02), lumbar 4 BMD (ß = -0.11, 95% CI: -0.30, -0.10), femur neck BMD (ß = -0.11, 95% CI: -0.18, -0.05) and Ward's triangle BMD (ß = -0.12, 95% CI: -0.20, -0.05) among elderly hypertensive patients, after fully adjusting for confounders. Furthermore, we observed that SIRI was positively associated with future fracture risk in elderly hypertensive patients. Specifically, SIRI was associated with an increased risk of major osteoporotic fractures (ß = 0.33) and hip fractures (ß = 0.25). The logistic regression analysis indicated that there is an association between the SIRI level and an increased risk of osteoporosis (OR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.37, 1.87), after fully adjusting for confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate a potential association between SIRI and BMD, osteoporosis, and the risk of future fractures in elderly hypertensive patients. However, further studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

16.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1380750, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38799149

RESUMO

Background: Elevated preoperative γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels or reduced serum albumin levels have been established as negative prognostic factors for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and various other tumors. Nonetheless, the prognostic significance of the GGT to serum albumin ratio (GAR) in liver transplantation (LT) therapy for HCC is still not well-defined. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 141 HCC patients who underwent LT at Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital from June 2017 to November 2020. Using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal GAR cutoff value to predict outcomes following LT was assessed. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to identify independent risk factors associated with both overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Results: A GAR value of 2.04 was identified as the optimal cutoff for predicting both OS and RFS, with a sensitivity of 63.2% and a specificity of 74.8%. Among these patients, 80 (56.7%) and 90 (63.8%) met the Milan and the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) criteria, respectively. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that microvascular invasion (MVI), maximum tumor size (>5 cm), total tumor size (>8 cm), liver cirrhosis, TNM stage (III), and GAR (≥2.04) were significantly associated with both postoperative OS and RFS in patients with HCC (all p < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that GAR (≥2.04) was independently linked with RFS and OS. Conclusion: Pre-transplant GAR ≥2.04 is an independent correlate of prognosis and survival outcomes after LT for HCC and can be used as a prognostic indicator for both mortality and tumor recurrence following LT.

17.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(10)2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38794357

RESUMO

The SAUR (small auxin-up RNA) family constitutes a category of genes that promptly respond to the hormone auxin and play a pivotal role in diverse biological processes encompassing plant growth and the response to abiotic stress. Santalum album L., a semi-parasitic evergreen tree, is renowned for its economically valuable essential oils, positioning it among the most prized tree species. In this study, a meticulous identification and comprehensive analysis of 43 SAUR genes was conducted within S. album. Based on phylogenetic relationships, the SaSAUR genes were systematically categorized into five groups. A collinearity analysis revealed intriguing insights, disclosing 14 segmental duplications and 9 tandem duplications within the SaSAUR genes, emphasizing the pivotal role of duplication in the expansion of this gene family. Noteworthy variations in the expression levels of SaSAUR genes were observed by delving into the SaSAUR transcriptome data from various tissues, including leaves, roots, and heartwood, as well as under salt-stress conditions. Notably, SaSAUR08 and SaSAUR13 were significantly upregulated in heartwood compared with roots and leaves, while SaSAUR18 was markedly more expressed in roots compared with heartwood and leaves. Furthermore, SaSAUR27 and SaSAUR28 were found to respond closely to salt stress, hinting at their potential involvement in the salt-stress response mechanism. This research offers a comprehensive investigation of SAUR genes in S. album and establishes a foundation for future exploration of the SAUR gene family, particularly its relation to growth and salt-stress responses.

18.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(9)2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732488

RESUMO

Dioscorea alata, commonly known as "greater yam", is a vital crop in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, yet it faces significant threats from anthracnose disease, mainly caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. However, exploring disease resistance genes in this species has been challenging due to the difficulty of genetic mapping resulting from the loss of the flowering trait in many varieties. The receptor-like kinase (RLK) gene family represents essential immune receptors in plants. In this study, genomic analysis revealed 467 RLK genes in D. alata. The identified RLKs were distributed unevenly across chromosomes, likely due to tandem duplication events. However, a considerable number of ancient whole-genome or segmental duplications dating back over 100 million years contributed to the diversity of RLK genes. Phylogenetic analysis unveiled at least 356 ancient RLK lineages in the common ancestor of Dioscoreaceae, which differentially inherited and expanded to form the current RLK profiles of D. alata and its relatives. The analysis of cis-regulatory elements indicated the involvement of RLK genes in diverse stress responses. Transcriptome analysis identified RLKs that were up-regulated in response to C. gloeosporioides infection, suggesting their potential role in resisting anthracnose disease. These findings provide novel insights into the evolution of RLK genes in D. alata and their potential contribution to disease resistance.

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(5): 336, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744865

RESUMO

Fibrosis is a reparative and progressive process characterized by abnormal extracellular matrix deposition, contributing to organ dysfunction in chronic diseases. The tumor suppressor p53 (p53), known for its regulatory roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis, aging, and metabolism across diverse tissues, appears to play a pivotal role in aggravating biological processes such as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cell apoptosis, and cell senescence. These processes are closely intertwined with the pathogenesis of fibrotic disease. In this review, we briefly introduce the background and specific mechanism of p53, investigate the pathogenesis of fibrosis, and further discuss p53's relationship and role in fibrosis affecting the kidney, liver, lung, and heart. In summary, targeting p53 represents a promising and innovative therapeutic approach for the prevention and treatment of organ fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fibrose , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Humanos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Apoptose , Terapia de Alvo Molecular
20.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1370, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aldosterone plays important parts in development of cardio-metabolic diseases as end product of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. However, factors elevating circulating aldosterone are not clear, and lifestyle-related factors are suggested to be involved, whereas less studied. Therefore, we aimed to explore the association of lifestyle factors with plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) in community population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited participants using multistage random sampling from Emin China in 2019, and collected data and fasting blood samples. The considered lifestyle factors included obesity parameters (neck circumference, abdominal circumference), alcohol consumption, blood pressure (BP), physical activity, sleep duration, sleep quality, mental state (depression and anxiety), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and lipid profiles (total cholesterol and triglyceride). PAC was measured using radioimmunoassay. We performed sex-stratified linear and logistic regressions to explore associated factors of PAC. Component analysis was further performed to identify the main factors affecting PAC. RESULTS: Twenty-seven thousand four hundred thirty-six participants with 47.1% men were included. Obesity parameters (neck circumference, abdominal circumference), glucose metabolism (FBG), psychological status (anxiety status in men and women, depression status in men), BP, liver function (in men), lipid metabolism (TC and TG in men), sleep parameters (sleep quality in women), and renal function (in women) are the main factors associated with elevated PAC. CONCLUSION: lower physical activity, alcohol consumption, higher BP, fat accumulation, dyslipidemia, higher fasting blood glucose, and presence of depression and anxiety were the main factors associated with eleveated PAC.


Assuntos
Aldosterona , Estilo de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aldosterona/sangue , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Idoso , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
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