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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847785

RESUMO

Artemisia argyi is a widely distributed and inexpensive plant resource, and study on its chemical compositions and biological activities will provide an important basis for its food applications and pharmaceutical developments. In this study, fourteen known guaiane-type sesquiterpenes (1-14), four known eudesmane-type sesquiterpenes (15-18), two known germacranolide-type sesquiterpenes (19, 20), and eight other types of terpenoids (20-28) were isolated from the leaves of A. argyi by polyamide and ODS CC and HPLC. The structures of all compounds are determined by 1 D NMR (1H-NMR、13C-NMR) and literature comparison. Among them, compounds 1 and 8 were isolated from Chinese folk medicine A. argyi for the first time. Besides, the LPS-induced RAW264.7 cell model has been evaluated the anti-inflammatory activities in vitro by the Griess reagent. The results indicated that the guaianolide sesquiterpenoids obtained from A. argyi have an excellent ability to inhibit NO production, especially Argyin A, a guaianolide sesquiterpenoid with isovaleryloxy substitution.

2.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(16): 3780-3787, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790053

RESUMO

Background: Liver transplantation (LT) is associated with a significant risk of intraoperative hemorrhage and massive blood transfusion. However, there are few relevant reports addressing the long-term impacts of massive transfusion (MT) on liver transplantation recipients. Aim: To assess the effects of MT on the short and long-term outcomes of adult liver transplantation recipients. Methods: We included adult patients who underwent liver transplantation at West China Hospital from January 2011 to February 2015. MT was defined as red blood cell (RBC) transfusion of ≥10 units within 48 hours since the application of LT. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative information were collected for data analyzing. We used one-to-one propensity-matching to create pairs. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare long-term outcomes of LT recipients between the MT and non-MT groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the risk factors associated with MT in LT. Results: Finally, a total of 227 patients were included in our study. After propensity score matching, 59 patients were categorized into the MT and 59 patients in non-MT groups. Compared with the non-MT group, the MT group had a higher 30-day mortality (15.3% vs 0, p=0.006), and a higher incidence of postoperative complications, including postoperative pulmonary infection, abdominal hemorrhage, pleural effusion and severe acute kidney injury. Furthermore, MT group had prolonged postoperative ventilation support (42 vs 25 h, p=0.007) and prolonged durations of ICU (12.9 vs 9.5 d, p<0.001) stay. Multivariate COX regression indicated that massive transfusion (OR: 2.393, 95% CI: 1.164-4.923, p=0.018) and acute rejection (OR: 7.295, 95% CI: 2.108-25.246, p=0.02) were significant risk factors affecting long-term survivals of LT patients. The 1-year and 3-year survival rates patients in MT group were 82.5% and 67.3%, respectively, while those of non-MT group were 93.9% and 90.5%, respectively. The MT group exhibited a lower long-term survival rate than the non-MT group (HR: 2.393, 95% CI: 1.164-4.923, p<0.001). Finally, the multivariate logistic regression revealed that preoperative hemoglobin <118 g/L (OR: 5.062, 95% CI: 2.292-11.181, p<0.001) and intraoperative blood loss ≥1100 ml (OR: 3.212, 95% CI: 1.586-6.506, p = 0.001) were the independent risk factor of MT in patients undergoing LT. Conclusion: Patients receiving MT in perioperative periods of LT had worse short-term and long-term outcomes than the non-MT patients. Massive transfusion and acute rejection were significant risk factors affecting long-term survivals of LT patients, and intraoperative blood loss of over 1100 ml was the independent risk factor of MT in patients undergoing LT. The results may offer valuable information on perioperative management in LT recipients who experience high risk of MT.

3.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(8): 771, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719669

RESUMO

Although increasing evidence has confirmed that the apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) is a crucial contributor to the onset and development of septic acute kidney injury (AKI), the pathological mechanism by which RTEC apoptosis is upregulated during septic AKI is not entirely clear. In this study, a rat model of septic AKI was induced by a cecal ligation puncture procedure or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Four differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (DE-Lncs) in the rat model of septic AKI were determined using RNA-sequencing and verified by qRT-PCR. Among the four DE-Lncs, the expression level of lncRNA NONRATG019935.2 (9935) exhibited the most significant reduction in both septic AKI rats and LPS-treated NRK-52E cells (a rat RTEC line). The overexpression of 9935 suppressed cell apoptosis and p53 protein level in LPS-treated NRK-52E cells, and retarded septic AKI development in the rat model of septic AKI. Mechanistically, 9935 decreased the human antigen R (HuR)-mediated Tp53 mRNA stability by limiting the combination of HuR and the 3'UTR region of Tp53 mRNA in RTECs. The overexpression of HuR abrogated the inhibitory effect of pcDNA-9935 on the LPS-induced apoptosis of NRK-52E and rat primary RTECs. In conclusion, 9935 exerts its role in septic AKI by suppressing the p53-mediated apoptosis of RTECs, and this essential role of 9935 relies on its destructive effect on HuR-mediated Tp53 mRNA stability.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1193, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the type of anesthesia and the survival outcomes of gastric cancer patients is uncertain. This study compared the overall outcome of gastric cancer patients after surgery with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) or inhalation anesthesia (IHA). METHODS: Clinicopathological variables of gastric cancer patients were retrieved from the database of the Surgical Gastric Cancer Patient Registry in West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Patients were grouped according to whether they received TIVA or IHA during the operation. Propensity score (PS) matching was used to balance the baseline variables, and survival outcomes were compared between these two groups. In addition, studies comparing survival outcomes between TIVA and IHA used for gastric cancer surgery and published before April 20th, 2020, were identified, and their data were pooled. RESULTS: A total of 2827 patients who underwent surgical treatment from Jan 2009 to Dec 2016 were included. There were 323 patients in the TIVA group and 645 patients in the IHA group, with 1:2 PS matching. There was no significant difference in overall survival outcomes between the TIVA and IHA groups before matching the cohort (p = 0.566) or after matching the cohort (p = 0.679) by log-rank tests. In the Cox hazard regression model, there was no significant difference between the TIVA and IHA groups before (HR: 1.054, 95% CI: 0.881-1.262, p = 0.566) or after (HR: 0.957, 95% CI: 0.779-1.177, p = 0.679) PS matching. The meta-analysis of survival outcomes between the TIVA and IHA groups found critical statistical value in the before PS matching cohort (HR 0.74, 95% CI: 0.57-0.96 p < 0.01) and after PS matching cohort (HR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.46-0.94, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Combined with the results of previous studies, total intravenous anesthesia has been shown to be superior to inhalation anesthesia in terms of overall survival for gastric cancer patients undergoing surgical treatment. The selection of intravenous or inhalation anesthesia for gastric cancer surgery should take into account the long-term prognosis of the patient.

5.
Mol Immunol ; 141: 60-69, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808483

RESUMO

Thrombin-induced mast cell activation represents cross-talk between coagulation and inflammation. However, there is still controversy concerning the pro- or anti-inflammatory effects mast cells have in response to thrombin signaling. Human mast cell HMC-1 was incubated with 0.2 U/mL thrombin. Cells and supernatants were collected. Production of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators was determined by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Expression of proteinase-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) and -4 (PAR4) mRNA in HMC-1 cells was analyzed by qPCR. Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was measured by immunoblotting. Furthermore, the impact of PAR1 inhibitor (SCH79797) and agonist (TFLLR-NH2), PAR4 inhibitor (BMS986120) and agonist (AYPGKF-NH2), and MAPK inhibitors (SB203580, PD98059, and SP600125) on the production of mediators was evaluated using qPCR and ELISA. Thrombin exposure increased pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators, expression of PAR1 and PAR4 mRNA, and phosphorylation of JNK, p38, and ERK1/2 MAPKs in HMC-1 cells. SCH79797, BMS986120, and MAPK inhibitors (SB203580, PD98059, and SP600125) were inhibited, while TFLLR-NH2 and AYPGKF-NH2 promoted pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in this process. HMC-1 produces pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines after thrombin incubation, namely PAR1 and PAR4. Alongside HMC-1, MAPK signaling pathways are involved in the production of these mediators. The mast cells showed dual activation after thrombin stimulation.

6.
Opt Express ; 29(23): 37845-37851, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808849

RESUMO

Simultaneous self-injection locking of two vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) to a single whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) microcavity is experimentally demonstrated. The linewidths of the two VCSELs are compressed from 3.5 MHz and 5 MHz to 20.9 kHz and 24.1 kHz, which is on the same order of magnitude as that of locking each VCSEL to the microcavity separately. Moreover, the frequency noises of the two simultaneously locked VCSELs are suppressed by more than 60 dB below the offset frequency of 100 kHz compared to that of the free-running VCSELs. The method demonstrated here might be used in the multi-wavelength laser array with low phase and frequency noises, especially the VCSELs with the unique architecture of a two-dimensional array.

7.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810200

RESUMO

Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) plays a vital role in the development of normal breast tissue and in breast cancer. By cross-analyzing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, ERα-regulated long noncoding RNA 1 (ERLC1) was identified as a long noncoding RNA exhibiting a strong association with ERα signaling and high specificity of expression in breast tissue. ERLC1 was transcriptionally activated by ERα, and ERLC1 stabilized the ESR1 transcript by sequestering miR-129 and tethering FXR1 to maintain a positive feedback loop that potentiated ERα signaling. ERLC1 was elevated in tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells, where ERLC1 depletion restored sensitivity to tamoxifen and increased the efficacy of palbociclib or fulvestrant therapy. Collectively, these data warrant further investigation of ERLC1 as a modulator of therapeutic response and potential therapeutic target in ER+ breast cancer.

8.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839459

RESUMO

Increasing research has proved that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a critical role in a variety of biological processes. However, their functions in cerebral ischemia are still unclear. We found that the small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 (SNHG12) is a new type of lncRNA induced by ischemia/reperfusion. Here, we show that the expression of SNHG12 was upregulated in the brain tissue of mice exposed to middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) and primary mouse cerebral cortex neurons treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R). Mechanistically, SNHG12 knockdown resulted in larger infarct sizes and worse neurological scores in MCAO/R mice. Consistent with the in vivo results, SNHG12 upregulation significantly increased the viability and prevented apoptosis of neurons cultured under OGD/R conditions. In addition, we found that SNHG12 acts as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) with microRNA (miR)-136-5p, thereby regulating the inhibition of its endogenous target Bcl-2. Moreover, SNHG12 was proven to target miR-136-5p, increasing Bcl-2 expression, which finally led to the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling. In conclusion, we demonstrated that SNHG12 acts as a ceRNA of miR-136-5p, thereby targets and regulates the expression of Bcl-2, which attenuates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury via activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway. This knowledge helps to better understand the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemic stroke and may provide new treatment options for this disease.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 723719, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616755

RESUMO

Localized inflammatory lesions in one area of the body may affect other distant organs through various modes of transmission thus initiating secondary inflammatory infections. Periodontal disease (PD) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been shown to coexist. Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease, and dental plaque is considered to be the initial risk factor. Individuals with genetic susceptibility are more likely to develop periodontitis when exposed to external stimuli. IBD is affected by host genetics, immunoregulation, daily diet, and the gut microbiota, and its risk factors appear to be shared with those of PD. However, the key etiologies of both diseases remain unclear, thus hindering the exploration of possible links between IBD and PD. Recent studies and systematic reviews have focused on evidence-based statistics of the prevalence and clinical manifestations of both diseases, but discussions of the microbial etiological correlation between periodontitis and intestinal inflammation are scarce. Here, we summarize the potential common pathogenic microorganisms that may serve as bridges between the two diseases. Studies have shown that invasive microorganisms such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Klebsiella spp. and Campylobacter spp. play key roles in the comorbidity of PD and IBD.

10.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 737874, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630023

RESUMO

Background: People with chronic pain (CP) sometimes report impaired cognitive function, including a deficit of attention, memory, executive planning, and information processing. However, the association between CP and cognitive decline was still not clear. Our study aimed to assess the association of CP as a risk factor with cognitive decline among adults. Methods: We included data from clinical studies. Publications were identified using a systematic search strategy from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to October 10, 2020. We used the mean cognitive outcome data and the standard deviations from each group. The standardized mean difference (SMD) or odds ratio (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were performed for each cognitive decline outcome. I 2-values were assessed to quantify the heterogeneities. Results: We included 37 studies with a total of 52,373 patients with CP and 80,434 healthy control participants. Because these studies used different evaluative methods, we analyzed these studies. The results showed CP was associated with cognitive decline when the short-form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36) mental component summary (SMD = -1.50, 95% CI = -2.19 to -0.81), the Montreal cognitive assessment (SMD = -1.11, 95% CI = -1.60 to -0.61), performance validity testing (SMD = 3.05, 95% CI = 1.74 to 4.37), or operation span (SMD = -1.83, 95% CI = -2.98 to -0.68) were used. However, we got opposite results when the studies using International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems classification (OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 0.97 to 2.56), the Mini-Mental State Examination (SMD = -0.42, 95% CI = -0.94 to 0.10; OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.91 to 1.42), and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status memory component (SMD = -0.06, 95% CI = -0.37 to 0.25). Conclusion: There may be an association between CP and the incidence of cognitive decline when some cognitive, evaluative methods were used, such as short-form 36 health survey questionnaire, Montreal cognitive assessment, performance validity testing, and operation span.

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 462, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The invasion of Solidago canadensis probably related to polyploidy, which may promotes its potential of sexual reproductive. S. canadensis as an invasive species which rapidly widespread through yield huge numbers of seed, but the mechanism remains unknown. To better understand the advantages of sexual reproduction in hexaploid S. canadensis, transcriptome and small RNA sequencing of diploid and hexaploid cytotypes in flower bud and fruit development stages were performed in this study. RESULTS: The transcriptome analysis showed that in the flower bud stage, 29 DEGs were MADS-box related genes with 14 up-regulated and 15 down-regulated in hexaploid S. canadensis; 12 SPL genes were detected differentially expressed with 5 up-regulated and 7 down-regulated. In the fruit development stage, 26 MADS-box related genes with 20 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated in hexaploid S. canadensis; 5 SPL genes were all up-regulated; 28 seed storage protein related genes with 18 were up-regulated and 10 down-regulated. The weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) identified 19 modules which consisted of co-expressed DEGs with functions such as sexual reproduction, secondary metabolism and transcription factors. Furthermore, we discovered 326 miRNAs with 67 known miRNAs and 259 novel miRNAs. Some of miRNAs, such as miR156, miR156a and miR156f, which target the sexual reproduction related genes. CONCLUSION: Our study provides a global view of the advantages of sexual reproduction in hexaploid S. canadensis based on the molecular mechanisms, which may promote hexaploid S. canadensis owing higher yield and fruit quality in the process of sexual reproduction and higher germination rate of seeds, and finally conductive to diffusion, faster propagation process and enhanced invasiveness.

12.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 12(1): 110, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the protective effects of L. reuteri ZJ617 on intestinal and liver injury and the underlying mechanisms in modulating inflammatory, autophagy, and apoptosis signaling pathways in a piglet challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: Duroc × Landrace × Large White piglets were assigned to 3 groups (n = 6/group): control (CON) and LPS groups received oral phosphate-buffered saline for 2 weeks before intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) of physiological saline or LPS (25 µg/kg body weight), respectively, while the ZJ617 + LPS group was orally inoculated with ZJ617 for 2 weeks before i.p. of LPS. Piglets were sacrificed 4 h after LPS injection to determine intestinal integrity, serum biochemical parameters, inflammatory signaling involved in molecular and liver injury pathways. RESULTS: Compared with controls, LPS stimulation significantly increased intestinal phosphorylated-p38 MAPK, phosphorylated-ERK and JNK protein levels and decreased IκBα protein expression, while serum LPS, TNF-α, and IL-6 concentrations (P < 0.05) increased. ZJ617 pretreatment significantly countered the effects induced by LPS alone, with the exception of p-JNK protein levels. Compared with controls, LPS stimulation significantly increased LC3, Atg5, and Beclin-1 protein expression (P < 0.05) but decreased ZO-1, claudin-3, and occludin protein expression (P < 0.05) and increased serum DAO and D-xylose levels, effects that were all countered by ZJ617 pretreatment. LPS induced significantly higher hepatic LC3, Atg5, Beclin-1, SOD-2, and Bax protein expression (P < 0.05) and lower hepatic total bile acid (TBA) levels (P < 0.05) compared with controls. ZJ617 pretreatment significantly decreased hepatic Beclin-1, SOD2, and Bax protein expression (P < 0.05) and showed a tendency to decrease hepatic TBA (P = 0.0743) induced by LPS treatment. Pretreatment of ZJ617 before LPS injection induced the production of 5 significant metabolites in the intestinal contents: capric acid, isoleucine 1TMS, glycerol-1-phosphate byproduct, linoleic acid, alanine-alanine (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that ZJ617 pretreatment alleviated LPS-induced intestinal tight junction protein destruction, and intestinal and hepatic inflammatory and autophagy signal activation in the piglets.

13.
Opt Express ; 29(15): 23430-23438, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614608

RESUMO

We experimentally demonstrate a novel optical fiber chemosensor for trace Cu2+ ions detection that is implemented by using an in-line optical fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) in conjunction with an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO). The MZI is fabricated by lateral offset splicing a section of D-shaped fiber between two single-mode fibers. It splices the broadband optical source into a sinusoidal-shaped light, which can form a single passband microwave photonic filter (MPF) by combining the Mach-Zehnder modulator, a segment of fiber and a photodetector. The center frequency of the MPF, determined by the free spectra range of MZI, is affected by the solution concentration. Incorporating the MPF in the OEO sensor, the oscillation frequency is determined by the solution concentration. Therefore, we can estimate the solution concentration by measuring the microwave frequency change. We carry out a proof to concept experiment. High sensitivity Cu2+ ions concentration sensing with sensitivity of 13 Hz/(µM/L) is achieved. The maximum measurement error of concentration obtained is within 1.38 µM/L. The proposed sensor has merits of high interrogation speed, simple operation, high sensitivity and accuracy, offering the potentials in a wide range of biological application scenarios.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625815

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative infection is one of the most common postoperative complications in hip fracture surgery. It is related with increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed at developing a nomogram to predict the individual probability of postoperative infection to facilitate perioperative decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included all patients over 65 years old admitted for hip fracture in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2019. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify significant predictors. We used all-subsets regression to screen an optimal model, and visualized the model through drawing nomogram. To evaluate the model performance, we applied receiver operating characteristic curve and calibration curve. RESULTS: We enrolled 677 older patients. 136 (20.1%) patients developed postoperative infection during hospitalization. Variables retained in the final model were albumin [odds ratio (OR) 0.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.84-0.96], cholesterol (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.04-2.15), blood phosphorus (OR 0.16, 95% CI 0.05-0.48), high-density lipoprotein (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.19-0.89), surgery type (OR 2.27, 95% CI 1.35-3.90), smoking (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.02-3.66), American Society of Anesthesiologists classification [class III (OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.55-1.93); class IV (OR 1.93, 95% CI 0.76-4.82)], and chronic pulmonary disease (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.25-3.68). The C-index of the nomogram was 0.752 (95% CI 0.697-0.806). Calibration curve showed good agreement between predicted value and observed outcome. In the validation group, our nomogram showed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.723 (95% CI 0.639-0.807). CONCLUSION: Our nomogram showed good discrimination ability in predicting individual probability of postoperative infection among older patients with hip fracture surgery. The nomogram could help clinicians identify patients at high risk of postoperative infection before surgery.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 679260, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646835

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that serum N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was a predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes after surgery. We performed a prospective study to evaluate if NT-proBNP could be a sensitive marker of overall postoperative outcomes in older patients undergoing major elective non-cardiac surgery when combined with myoglobin (MYO). Methods: Two hundred and three adults aged ≥65 years were enrolled in the study. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status of patients were I to IV. Blood samples would be taken before and 2 h after the surgery for each patients and NT-proBNP and MYO concentrations (NT-proBNP baseline/ 2 h and MYO baseline/ 2 h) of these samples would be measured immediately. The primary outcome was moderate to severe complications, which were based on the Clavien-Dindo Classification (CDC) scheme (≥CDC grade 3), and the secondary outcomes were major complications within 30 days after surgery. This study was registered at China Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR1900026223, http://www.chictr.org.cn/). Results: Overall, moderate to severe complications occurred in 15 patients (7.4%) and major complications occurred in 18 patients (8.9%). Both preoperative and postoperative NT-proBNP values were independent predictors of moderate to severe complications (area under the curve (AUC), 0.820; 95% CI: 0.728, 0.912, P < 0.001; AUC, 0.785; 95% CI: 0.685, 0.885, P < 0.001). When NT-proBNP baseline and MYO-2 h were combined (NT-proBNP baseline × MYO-2 h), the predictive power was improved (AUC 0.841, 95% CI: 0.758, 0.923, P < 0.001). Conclusions: A combination of perioperative NT-proBNP and postoperative MYO concentrations was a good predictor of postoperative complications in elderly patients who underwent major non-cardiac surgery. Using fast and dynamic tests provided by point-to-care-testing, NT-proBNP and MYO concentration measurements provided useful guidance for therapy before or soon after surgery, thus helping to reduce postoperative complications in elderly patients.

16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6226, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711821

RESUMO

The bulk morphology of the active layer of organic solar cells (OSCs) is known to be crucial to the device performance. The thin film device structure breaks the symmetry into the in-plane direction and out-of-plane direction with respect to the substrate, leading to an intrinsic anisotropy in the bulk morphology. However, the characterization of out-of-plane nanomorphology within the active layer remains a grand challenge. Here, we utilized an X-ray scattering technique, Grazing-incident Transmission Small-angle X-ray Scattering (GTSAXS), to uncover this new morphology dimension. This technique was implemented on the model systems based on fullerene derivative (P3HT:PC71BM) and non-fullerene systems (PBDBT:ITIC, PM6:Y6), which demonstrated the successful extraction of the quantitative out-of-plane acceptor domain size of OSC systems. The detected in-plane and out-of-plane domain sizes show strong correlations with the device performance, particularly in terms of exciton dissociation and charge transfer. With the help of GTSAXS, one could obtain a more fundamental perception about the three-dimensional nanomorphology and new angles for morphology control strategies towards highly efficient photovoltaic devices.

17.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to discover the active compounds of Sophora flavescens Ait. (SF), the anti-itch effects and underlying mechanisms of oxymatrine (OMT), one of the bioactive compounds from SF. METHODS: Dorsal root ganglion cell membrane immobilized chromatography was used to screen potential anti-pruritic active compounds from SF. The scratching behaviour was analysed to systematically study the anti-pruritic effects of OMT in chloroquine- (CQ), peptide Ser-Leu-Ile-Gly-Arg-Leu- (SLIGRL), histamine- (HIS) and allyl-isothiocyanate-(AITC)-induced itch mice models. Real-time quantitative PCR, in-vivo study and molecular docking were employed to explore the underlying mechanisms. KEY FINDINGS: All in all, 21 compounds of SF were identified and 5 potential bioactive compounds were discovered. OMT significantly reduced scratching bouts in two HIS-independent itch models induced by CQ and SLIGRL but was not effective in the HIS-induced itch model. OMT reduced scratching bouts in a dose-dependent manner and decreased the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel in two HIS-independent itch models; in addition, OMT reduced the wipes and scratching bouts induced by AITC. CONCLUSIONS: This study discovered five potential anti-pruritic compounds including OMT in the SF extract, and OMT has strong anti-pruritic effects in HIS-independent itch via TRPA1 channel.

18.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2845-2856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703220

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: PM2.5-associated airway inflammation has recently been recognized as pivotal to the development of COPD. Aberrant glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3ß signaling is linked to the inflammatory response. Therefore, we investigated the effects of GSK-3ß inhibitors on the PM2.5-induced inflammatory response in bronchial epithelial cells. Methods: The production of phosphorylated GSK-3ß (p-GSK-3ß) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry with PM2.5-induced mice. HBECs were treated with various inhibitors targeting GSK-3ß or JNK before PM2.5 stimulation. The production of GSK-3ß signaling was analyzed by Western blotting. Inflammatory cytokine production was detected by qRT-PCR and ELISA. Results: PM2.5 exposure caused lung inflammation, upregulated serum concentrations of HMGB1 and IL-6, decreased IL-10 expression, and significantly attenuated p-GSK-3ß production in mice. HBECs exposed to PM2.5 showed significantly reduced p-GSK-3ß production, an increased ratio of p-JNK/JNK, increased NF-κB activation and IκB degradation, and upregulated the inflammatory cytokines HMGB1 and IL-6. Intervention with GSK-3ß inhibitors TDZD-8 and SB216763 significantly suppressed PM2.5-induced outcomes. Moreover, the JNK inhibitor SP600125 also reduced the level of NF-κB phosphorylation induced by PM2.5. The differences in the levels of inflammation-related cytokines in the TDZD-8 groups were greater than those in the SB216763 groups. Conclusion: Inhibition of GSK-3ß weakens the PM2.5-induced inflammatory response by regulating the JNK/NF-κB signaling pathway in bronchial epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Células Epiteliais , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Camundongos , NF-kappa B , Material Particulado/toxicidade
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(10): 6275-6286, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668031

RESUMO

A subculture of S.epidermidis strain ATCC35984 that is amenable to genetically manipulate was occasionally found in our laboratory. This mutant exhibited susceptibility to methicillin in contrast to its parent strain. To unveil the underlying mechanism, whole-genome sequencing of the mutant was performed. A comparative analysis revealed that a large DNA fragment encompassing the CRISPR-Cas system, type I R-M system and the SCCmec element was deleted from the mutant. The large chromosomal deletion associated with CRISPR-Cas system was also observed to occur spontaneously in S. epidermidis in another independent laboratory, or artificially induced by introducing engineering crRNAs in other bacterial species. These findings imply the CRISPR-Cas systems can affect bacterial genome remodeling through deletion of the integrated MGEs (mobile genetic elements). Further bioinformatics analysis identified a higher carriage rate of SCCmec element in the S. epidermidis strains harboring the CRISPR-Cas system. MLST typing and phylogenetic analysis of those CRIPSR-Cas-positive S. epidermidis strains revealed multiple origins. In addition, distinct types of SCCmec carried in those strains suggested that acquisition of this MGE originated from multiple independent recombination events. Intriguingly, CRISPR-Cas systems are found to be always located in the vicinity of orfX gene among staphylococci. Allelic analysis of CRISPR loci flanking cas genes disclosed that the loci distal to the orfX gene are considerably stable and conserved, which probably serve as recombination hotspot between CRISPR-Cas system and phage or plasmid. Therefore, the findings generally support the notion that incomplete immune protection of CRISPR-Cas system can promote dissemination of its neighboring SCCmec element.


Assuntos
Infecções Estafilocócicas , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Humanos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Filogenia , Staphylococcus epidermidis/genética
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt B): 108238, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688152

RESUMO

Senescence marker protein 30 (SMP30) is an aging-related protein that participates in the regulation of tissue damage under various pathological conditions. However, the role of SMP30 in mediating high glucose (HG)-induced injury of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) has not been fully determined. We found that SMP30 expression declined during HG stimulation in RGCs. Cellular functional studies showed that the up-regulation of SMP30 dramatically prohibited HG-evoked apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammatory response in RGCs. Mechanism research reported that SMP30 overexpression led to the enhancement of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) activation in HG-stimulated RGCs. Moreover, SMP30 overexpression enhanced the phosphorylation of Akt and glucogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß), and the suppression of Akt markedly abolished SMP30-mediated Nrf2 activation in HG-stimulated RGCs. Additionally, the suppression of Nrf2 substantially reversed SMP30-overexpression-induced anti-HG injury effects in RGCs. Overall, these findings suggest that SMP30 protects against HG injury of RGCs by potentiating Nrf2 through regulation of the Akt/GSK-3ß pathway. Our work underscores that SMP30/Akt/GSK-3ß/Nrf2 may exert a vital role in mediating the injury of RGCs during diabetic retinopathy.

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