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1.
Plant Methods ; 20(1): 65, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Citrus canker is a significant bacterial disease caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc) that severely impedes the healthy development of the citrus industry. Especially when citrus fruit is infected by Xcc, it will reduce or even lost its commercial value. However, due to the prolonged fruiting cycle and intricate structure, much less research progress had been made in canker disease on fruit than on leaf. In fact, limited understanding has been achieved on canker development and the response to Xcc infection in fruit. RESULTS: Herein, the progression of canker disease on sweet orange fruit was tracked in the field. Results indicated that typical lesions initially appear on the sepal, style residue, nectary disk, epicarp, and peduncle of young fruits after petal fall. The susceptibility of fruits to Xcc infection diminished as the fruit developed, with no new lesions forming at the ripening stage. The establishment of an efficient method for inoculating Xcc on fruit as well as the artificial inoculation throughout the fruit's developmental cycle clarified this infection pattern. Additionally, microscopic observations during the infection process revealed that Xcc invasion caused structural changes on the surface and cross-section of the fruit. CONCLUSIONS: An efficient system for inoculation on citrus fruit with Xcc was established, by which it can serve for the evaluation of citrus germplasm for canker disease resistance and systematic research on the interactions between Xcc and citrus fruits.

2.
Int J Pharm ; : 124202, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705247

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) shows great potential in precision tumor treatment. However, its efficacy is inhibited by the antioxidant defense capacities of tumor cells. To address this challenge, a near-infrared light-controlled nanosystem (UCNPs@mSiO2@Azo@ZnPc&BBM, PB@UA) was developed using emission-switchable upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) to independently and precisely control the release of berbamine (BBM) and activation of photosensitizer for enhanced PDT in deep tissues. Firstly, BBM release was triggered by exciting PB@UA at 980 nm. The BBM could inhibit the activities of antioxidant enzymes and disrupt calcium ion regulation, making the tumor cells more susceptible to ROS-induced cell death in the following PDT treatment. The PDT was initiated by irradiating the photosensitizers of ZnPc on PB@UA at 808 nm and achieved a tumor inhibition rate of 80.91 % in vivo, which is significantly higher than that of unique PDT (31.78 %) or BBM (11.29 %) treatment and demonstrates the potential of our strategy for improved cancer treatment.

3.
Adv Ther ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743240

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The number of elderly patients who require surgery as their primary treatment has increased rapidly in recent years. Among 300 million people globally who underwent surgery every year, patients aged 65 years and over accounted for more than 30% of cases. Despite medical advances, older patients remain at higher risk of postoperative complications. Early diagnosis and effective prediction are essential requirements for preventing serious postoperative complications. In this study, we aim to provide new biomarker combinations to predict the incidence of postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) admissions > 24 h in elderly patients. METHODS: This investigation was conducted as a nested case-control study, incorporating 413 participants aged ≥ 65 years who underwent non-cardiac, non-urological elective surgeries. These individuals underwent a 30-day postoperative follow-up. Before surgery, peripheral venous blood was collected for analyzing serum creatinine (Scr), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP). The efficacy of these biomarkers in predicting postoperative complications was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and area under the curve (AUC) values. RESULTS: Postoperatively, 10 patients (2.42%) required ICU admission. Regarding ICU admissions, the AUCs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the biomarker combinations of Scr × PCT and Scr × CRP were 0.750 (0.655-0.845, P = 0.007) and 0.724 (0.567-0.882, P = 0.015), respectively. Furthermore, cardiovascular events were observed in 14 patients (3.39%). The AUC with a 95% CI for the combination of Scr × CRP in predicting cardiovascular events was 0.688 (0.560-0.817, P = 0.017). CONCLUSION: The innovative combinations of biomarkers (Scr × PCT and Scr × CRP) demonstrated efficacy as predictors for postoperative ICU admissions in elderly patients. Additionally, the Scr × CRP also had a moderate predictive value for postoperative cardiovascular events. TRIAL REGISTRATION: China Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900026223.

4.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1383283, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721046

RESUMO

Background: Acupuncture is a widely used clinical treatment method, and studies have confirmed its therapeutic effects on stroke patients. It can also reduce the burden on patients and society. Acupuncture treatment is a complementary and preventive treatment for stroke. However, there has yet to be a visual bibliometric analysis of the field of acupuncture for stroke rat models. This study explores future trends, research hotspots, and frontiers in acupuncture for stroke rat models over the past 20 years through investigation and visualization. Methods: We collected literature data on acupuncture treatment of stroke in rats from the Web of Science Core Collection (WOSCC) database from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2023. Import into CiteSpace (version 6.2.R4) and RStudio for analysis by author, country/region, affiliation, annual publication, keywords, and journal visualization. Results: A total of 379 articles were retrieved, including articles from 16 countries, 258 research institutions, and 123 academic journals. The countries and institutions with the most publications were the People's Republic of China (338) and the Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (43). Tao, Jing had the highest number of co-citations (144). The keywords and co-citation clustering show the main research directions in the field, including "artery occlusion," "neural regeneration," "stimulation," "rapid tolerance," "receptor," "signaling pathway," "apoptosis," "oxidative stress," "inflammatory response," "endogenous neurogenesis," "tolerance of local cerebral ischemic tissues," "proliferation of reactive astrocytes" and "neuroprotective effect." The intervention combines classical acupuncture treatment and modern technology (electricity) with electroacupuncture as a new intervention modality. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the increasing research on acupuncture for treating stroke in rat models. The country/region with the most publications is the People's Republic of China. However, international cooperation still needs to be improved, and future researchers must strengthen international cooperation. In addition, in future studies, researchers should improve the overall quality of research results in this area and enhance research protocols.

5.
Behav Pharmacol ; 35(4): 211-226, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651984

RESUMO

Stimulation of the innate immune system prior to stress exposure is a possible strategy to prevent depression under stressful conditions. Based on the innate immune system stimulating activities of zymosan A, we hypothesize that zymosan A may prevent the development of chronic stress-induced depression-like behavior. Our results showed that a single injection of zymosan A 1 day before stress exposure at a dose of 2 or 4 mg/kg, but not at a dose of 1 mg/kg, prevented the development of depression-like behaviors in mice treated with chronic social defeat stress (CSDS). The prophylactic effect of a single zymosan A injection (2 mg/kg) on CSDS-induced depression-like behaviors disappeared when the time interval between zymosan A and stress exposure was extended from 1 day or 5 days to 10 days, which was rescued by a second zymosan A injection 10 days after the first zymosan A injection and 4 days (4×, once daily) of zymosan A injections 10 days before stress exposure. Further analysis showed that a single zymosan A injection (2 mg/kg) 1 day before stress exposure could prevent the CSDS-induced increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Inhibition of the innate immune system by pretreatment with minocycline (40 mg/kg) abolished the preventive effect of zymosan A on CSDS-induced depression-like behaviors and CSDS-induced increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines in the brain. These results suggest that activation of the innate immune system triggered by zymosan A prevents the depression-like behaviors and neuroinflammatory responses in the brain induced by chronic stress.


Assuntos
Depressão , Hipocampo , Estresse Psicológico , Zimosan , Animais , Zimosan/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estresse Psicológico/imunologia , Masculino , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Derrota Social , Imunização/métodos , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias/imunologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Minociclina/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 3677-3695, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38681092

RESUMO

Bladder cancer, a prevalent malignant neoplasm of the urinary tract, exhibits escalating morbidity and mortality rates. Current diagnosis standards rely on invasive and costly cystoscopy and histopathology, underscoring the urgency for non-invasive, high-throughput, and cost-effective novel diagnostic techniques to ensure timely detection and standardized treatment. Recent years have witnessed the rise of exosome research in bladder cancer studies. Exosomes contain abundant bioactive molecules that can help elucidate the intricate mechanisms underlying bladder cancer pathogenesis and metastasis. Exosomes hold potential as biomarkers for early bladder cancer diagnosis while also serving as targeted drug delivery vehicles to enhance treatment efficacy and mitigate adverse effects. Furthermore, exosome analyses offer insights into the complex molecular signaling networks implicated in bladder cancer progression, revealing novel therapeutic targets. This review provides a comprehensive overview of prevalent exosome isolation techniques and highlights the promising clinical utility of exosomes in both diagnostic and therapeutic applications in bladder cancer management.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Exossomos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Exossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Animais
8.
J Neuroinflammation ; 21(1): 99, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of memory impairment, a common complication of chronic neuropathic pain (CNP), has not been fully elucidated. Schwann cell (SC)-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) contribute to remote organ injury. Here, we showed that SC-EVs may mediate pathological communication between SCs and hippocampal neurons in the context of CNP. METHODS: We used an adeno-associated virus harboring the SC-specific promoter Mpz and expressing the CD63-GFP gene to track SC-EVs transport. microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of EVs and gain-of-function and loss-of-function regulatory experiments revealed that miR-142-5p was the main cargo of SC-EVs. Next, luciferase reporter gene and phenotyping experiments confirmed the direct targets of miR-142-5p. RESULTS: The contents and granule sizes of plasma EVs were significantly greater in rats with chronic sciatic nerve constriction injury (CCI)than in sham rats. Administration of the EV biogenesis inhibitor GW4869 ameliorated memory impairment in CCI rats and reversed CCI-associated dendritic spine damage. Notably, during CCI stress, SC-EVs could be transferred into the brain through the circulation and accumulate in the hippocampal CA1-CA3 regions. miR-142-5p was the main cargo wrapped in SC-EVs and mediated the development of CCI-associated memory impairment. Furthermore, α-actinin-4 (ACTN4), ELAV-like protein 4 (ELAVL4) and ubiquitin-specific peptidase 9 X-linked (USP9X) were demonstrated to be important downstream target genes for miR-142-5p-mediated regulation of dendritic spine damage in hippocampal neurons from CCI rats. CONCLUSION: Together, these findings suggest that SCs-EVs and/or their cargo miR-142-5p may be potential therapeutic targets for memory impairment associated with CNP.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , MicroRNAs , Neuralgia , Ratos , Animais , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Células de Schwann/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo
9.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28887, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601630

RESUMO

Background: The impairment of endothelial cells triggered by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) stands as a critical event in the advancement of atherosclerosis (AS). MiR-497-5p has been recognized as a potential predictor for AS, but its precise involvement in ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell dysfunction remains to be elucidated. Methods: An in vitro AS cell model was established by exposing human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to 100 µg/mL ox-LDL for 24 h. The assessment of endothelial cell function included evaluating cell viability, caspase-3 activity, inflammatory factors, and oxidative markers. Molecular mechanisms were elucidated through quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, and luciferase reporter assays. Results: Our investigation revealed that exposure to ox-LDL led to an upregulation in miR-497-5p and p-p38 levels, while downregulating the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and phosphorylated (p)-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (p-eNOS) in HUVECs. Ox-LDL exposure resulted in decreased cell viability and angiogenic capacity, coupled with increased apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress in HUVECs, partially mediated by the upregulation of miR-497-5p. We confirmed VEGFA as a direct target of miR-497-5p. Interfering with VEGFA expression significantly reversed the effects mediated by miR-497-5p silencing in HUVECs exposed to ox-LDL. Conclusions: In summary, our findings demonstrate that miR-497-5p exacerbates ox-LDL-induced dysfunction in HUVECs through the activation of the p38/MAPK pathway, mediated by the targeting of VEGFA.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(15): 19318-19329, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577894

RESUMO

Studies indicated that two-dimensional (2D) metal halide perovskites (MHPs) embodied with three-dimensional (3D) MHPs were a facile way to realize efficient and stable perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and perovskite photodetectors (PPDs). Here, high-performance PSCs and PPDs, which are based on 2D/3D MHPs bilayer thin films, where the 2D MHPs are created by binary conjugated organic cations, are reported. Systemically studies reveal that the above novel 2D/3D MHPs bilayer thin films possess an enlarged crystal size, balanced charge transport, reduced charge carrier recombination, smaller charge-transfer resistance, and accelerated charge-extraction process compared to the 2D/3D MHPs bilayer thin films, where the 2D MHPs are created by a single conjugated organic cation. As a result, the PSCs based on the above novel 2D/3D MHPs bilayer thin film exhibit a power conversion efficiency of 22.76%. Moreover, unencapsulated PSCs possess dramatically enhanced stability compared with those based on the 2D/3D MHPs bilayer thin films, where the 2D MHPs are created by a single conjugated organic cation. In addition, the PPDs based on the above novel 2D/3D MHPs bilayer thin film exhibit a projected detectivity of 1016 cm Hz1/2/W and a linear dynamic range of 108 dB at room temperature. Our studies indicate that the development of binary conjugated organic cation-based 2D MHPs incorporated with 3D MHPs is a simple method to realize high-performance PSCs and PPDs.

11.
Anesthesiology ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stimulation of the paraventricular thalamus has been found to enhance anesthesia recovery; however, the underlying molecular mechanism by which general anesthetics modulate paraventricular thalamus is unclear. Here, we aimed to test the hypothesis that the sodium leak channel (NALCN) maintains neuronal activity in paraventricular thalamus to resist anesthetic effects of sevoflurane in mice. METHOD: Chemogenetic and optogenetic manipulations, in vivo multiple-channel recordings, and electroencephalogram recordings were used to investigate the role of paraventricular thalamus neuronal activity in sevoflurane anesthesia. Virus-mediated knockdown and/or overexpression was applied to determine how sodium leak channel influenced excitability of paraventricular thalamus glutamatergic neurons under sevoflurane. Viral tracers and local field potentials were used to explore the downstream pathway. RESULTS: Single neuronal spikes in the paraventricular thalamus were suppressed by sevoflurane anesthesia and recovered during emergence. Optogenetic activation of paraventricular thalamus glutamatergic neurons shortened the emergence period from sevoflurane anesthesia, while chemogenetic inhibition had the opposite effect. Knockdown of sodium leak channel in paraventricular thalamus delayed the emergence from sevoflurane anesthesia (recovery time: from 24 ± 14 to 64 ± 19 s, P < 0.001; concentration for recovery of the righting reflex: from 1.13% ± 0.10% to 0.97% ± 0.13%, P < 0.01). As expected, the overexpression of sodium leak channel in the paraventricular thalamus produced the opposite effects. At the circuit level, knockdown of sodium leak channel in the paraventricular thalamus decreased the neuronal activity of the nucleus accumbens, as indicated by the local field potential and decreased single neuronal spikes in the nucleus accumbens. Additionally, the effects of sodium leak channel knockdown in the paraventricular thalamus on sevoflurane actions were reversed by optical stimulation of the nucleus accumbens. CONCLUSIONS: Activity of sodium leak channel maintains the excitability of paraventricular thalamus glutamatergic neurons to resist the anesthetic effects of sevoflurane in mice.

12.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 15(1): 45, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chicken is one of the most numerous and widely distributed species around the world, and many studies support the multiple ancestral origins of domestic chickens. The research regarding the yellow skin phenotype in domestic chickens (regulated by BCO2) likely originating from the grey junglefowl serves as crucial evidence for demonstrating the multiple origins of chickens. However, beyond the BCO2 gene region, much remains unknown about the introgression from the grey junglefowl into domestic chickens. Therefore, in this study, based on whole-genome data of 149 samples including 4 species of wild junglefowls and 13 local domestic chicken breeds, we explored the introgression events from the grey junglefowl to domestic chickens. RESULTS: We successfully detected introgression regions besides BCO2, including two associated with growth trait (IGFBP2 and TKT), one associated with angiogenesis (TIMP3) and two members of the heat shock protein family (HSPB2 and CRYAB). Our findings suggest that the introgression from the grey junglefowl may impact the growth performance of chickens. Furthermore, we revealed introgression events from grey junglefowl at the BCO2 region in multiple domestic chicken breeds, indicating a phenomenon where the yellow skin phenotype likely underwent strong selection and was retained. Additionally, our haplotype analysis shed light on BCO2 introgression event from different sources of grey junglefowl into domestic chickens, possibly suggesting multiple genetic flows between the grey junglefowl and domestic chickens. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our findings provide evidences of the grey junglefowl contributing to the genetic diversity of domestic chickens, laying the foundation for a deeper understanding of the genetic composition within domestic chickens, and offering new perspectives on the impact of introgression on domestic chickens.

13.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557624

RESUMO

Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) uses nonlinear response signals to noninvasively detect magnetic nanoparticles in space, and its quantitative properties hold promise for future precise quantitative treatments. In reconstruction, the system matrix based method necessitates suitable regularization terms, such as Tikhonov or non-negative fused lasso (NFL) regularization, to stabilize the solution. While NFL regularization offers clearer edge information than Tikhonov regularization, it carries a biased estimate of the l1 penalty, leading to an underestimation of the reconstructed concentration and adversely affecting the quantitative properties. In this paper, a new nonconvex regularization method including min-max concave (MC) and total variation (TV) regularization is proposed. This method utilized MC penalty to provide nearly unbiased sparse constraints and adds the TV penalty to provide a uniform intensity distribution of images. By combining the alternating direction multiplication method (ADMM) and the two-step parameter selection method, a more accurate quantitative MPI reconstruction was realized. The performance of the proposed method was verified on the simulation data, the Open-MPI dataset, and measured data from a homemade MPI scanner. The results indicate that the proposed method achieves better image quality while maintaining the quantitative properties, thus overcoming the drawback of intensity underestimation by the NFL method while providing edge information. In particular, for the measured data, the proposed method reduced the relative error in the intensity of the reconstruction results from 28% to 8%.

14.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28137, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571614

RESUMO

Background: Postoperative complications in aging patients remain a significant cause of increased costs, hospital length of stay, and patient distress. Although alterations in energy metabolism have been closely linked to aging process and surgery, it is still unclear whether metabolic changes during surgery is associated with postoperative complications in elderly patients. This study was conducted to investigate whether metabolic changes during surgery predicts postoperative complications in elderly patients. Methods: We conducted a prospective single-center observational cohort study. 244 adults (aged ≥65 years) who were scheduled for elective major non-cardiac surgery were recruited. Blood samples for each patient were taken before and after surgery. All patients were randomly divided into two groups (122 in each group), then oxygen consumption rate (OCR) or extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) was measured on isolated monocytes in each group. Results: 14 of 110 (12.7%) patients went through OCR measurement and 15 of 122 patients (12.3%) went through ECAR measurement experienced moderate to severe complications. Overall, there was an intensification of glycolysis in monocytes after surgery. Among all variables, only the change (preoperative -postoperative) of glycolytic reserve (GR)/glycolysis (G) and GR/non-glycolytic acidification (NG) were predictors of moderate to severe complications (AUC = 0.70; 95% CI, 0.56-0.81; P = 0.019 and AUC = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.55-0.80; P = 0.031). Decreased postoperative GR/G were associated with worse postoperative complications (RR = 9.08; 95% CI, 1.23-66.81; P = 0.024). Conclusions: Compared with mitochondria function, the change of glycolytic function in monocyte was more valuable in predicting postoperative complications after major abdominal surgery. Our study gave us a new insight into identifying patients at high risk in aging patients.

15.
ACS Nano ; 18(17): 11462-11473, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632853

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials with superior properties exhibit tremendous potential in developing next-generation electronic and optoelectronic devices. Integrating various functions into one device is highly expected as that endows 2D materials great promise for more Moore and more-than-Moore device applications. Here, we construct a WSe2/Ta2NiSe5 heterostructure by stacking the p-type WSe2 and the n-type narrow gap Ta2NiSe5 with the aim to achieve a multifunction optoelectronic device. Owing to the large interface potential barrier, the heterostructure device reveals a prominent diode feature with a large rectify ratio (7.6 × 104) and a low dark current (10-12 A). Especially, gate voltage- and bias voltage-tunable staggered-gap to broken-gap transition is achieved on the heterostructure device, which enables gate voltage-tunable forward and reverse rectifying features. As results, the heterostructure device exhibits superior self-powered photodetection properties, including a high detectivity of 1.08 × 1010 Jones and a fast response time of 91 µs. Additionally, the intrinsic structural anisotropy of Ta2NiSe5 endows the heterostructure device with strong polarization-sensitive photodetection and high-resolution polarization imaging. Based on these characteristics, a multimode optoelectronic logic gate is realized on the heterostructure via synergistically modulating the light on/off, polarization angle, gate voltage, and bias voltage. This work shed light on the future development of constructing high-performance multifunctional optoelectronic devices.

16.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240938, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584821

RESUMO

Aim: Abnormalities in sleep patterns are a common health problem for the older adults. The relationship between sarcopenia and sleep duration in older people is controversial. This research is to examine the association between sleep duration and sarcopenia. Methods: We drew 21,095 adults from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS). Not only we explore the relationship between sleep duration and sarcopenia, but also compare sleep duration to three sarcopenia subcomponents. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis was conducted by the gender and residence area to ascertain the discrepancy, separately. Finally, using restricted cubic spline to find the non-linear association between them. Results: Among 7,342 community older adults engaged by CHARLS in 2015, the incidence of possible sarcopenia and sarcopenia was 23.14 and 11.30%, separately. Sleep duration (≤6 h) [OR(95%CI) = 1.30(1.03-1.65), p < 0.05] and (≥8 h) [OR(95%CI) = 1.33(1.05-1.69), p < 0.05] were significantly linked with possible sarcopenia, while long sleep duration (≥8 h) [OR(95%CI) = 1.41(1.01-2.02), p < 0.05] was correlated strongly with sarcopenia. A non-linear relationship (U-shaped) between sarcopenia risk and sleep duration was found (p for non-linear = 0.009). Conclusions: Our findings highlight the importance of sleep duration in the onset of sarcopenia and might assist older persons to maintain good sleeping habits.

17.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(4): e1231, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a globally prevalent respiratory disease, and programmed cell death plays a pivotal role in the development of COPD. Disulfidptosis is a newly discovered type of cell death that may be associated with the progression of COPD. However, the expression and role of disulfidptosis-related genes (DRGs) in COPD remain unclear. METHODS: The expression of DRGs was identified by analyzing RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data in COPD. Further, COPD patients were classified into two subtypes by unsupervised cluster analysis to reveal their differences in gene expression and immune infiltration. Meanwhile, hub genes associated with disulfidptosis were screened by weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Subsequently, the hub genes were validated experimentally in cells and animals. In addition, we screened potential therapeutic drugs through the hub genes. RESULTS: We identified two distinct molecular clusters and observed significant differences in immune cell populations between them. In addition, we screened nine hub genes, and experimental validation showed that CDC71, DOHH, PDAP1, and SLC25A39 were significantly upregulated in cigarette smoke-induced COPD mouse lung tissues and bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) treated with cigarette smoke extract. Finally, we predicted 10 potential small molecule drugs such as Atovaquone, Taurocholic acid, Latamoxef, and Methotrexate. CONCLUSION: We highlighted the strong association between COPD and disulfidptosis, with DRGs demonstrating a discriminative capacity for COPD. Additionally, the expression of certain novel genes, including CDC71, DOHH, PDAP1, and SLC25A39, is linked to COPD and may aid in the diagnosis and assessment of this condition.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Apoptose , Atovaquona , Análise por Conglomerados , Células Epiteliais , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular
18.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1302: 342506, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitophagy plays indispensable roles in maintaining intracellular homeostasis in most eukaryotic cells by selectively eliminating superfluous components or damaged organelles. Thus, the co-operation of mitochondrial probes and lysosomal probes was presented to directly monitor mitophagy in dual colors. Nowadays, most of the lysosomal probes are composed of groups sensitive to pH, such as morpholine, amine and other weak bases. However, the pH in lysosomes would fluctuate in the process of mitophagy, leading to the optical interference. Thus, it is crucial to develop a pH-insensitive probe to overcome this tough problem to achieve exquisite visualization of mitophagy. RESULTS: In this study, we rationally prepared a pH-independent lysosome probe to reduce the optical interference in mitophagy, and thus the process of mitophagy could be directly monitored in dual color through cooperation between IVDI and MTR, depending on Förster resonance energy transfer mechanism. IVDI shows remarkable fluorescence enhancement toward the increase of viscosity, and the fluorescence barely changes when pH varies. Due to the sensitivity to viscosity, the probe can visualize micro-viscosity alterations in lysosomes without washing procedures, and it showed better imaging properties than LTR. Thanks to the inertia of IVDI to pH, IVDI can exquisitely monitor mitophagy with MTR by FRET mechanism despite the changes of lysosomal pH in mitophagy, and the reduced fluorescence intensity ratio of green and red channels can indicate the occurrence of mitophagy. Based on the properties mentioned above, the real-time increase of micro-viscosity in lysosomes during mitophagy was exquisitely monitored through employing IVDI. SIGNIFICANCE AND NOVELTY: Compared with the lysosomal fluorescent probes sensitive to pH, the pH-inert probe could reduce the influence of pH variation during mitophagy to achieve exquisite visualization of mitophagy in real-time. Besides, the probe could monitor the increase of lysosomal micro-viscosity in mitophagy. So, the probe possesses tremendous potential in the visualization of dynamic changes related to lysosomes in various physiological processes.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Mitofagia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Viscosidade , Células HeLa , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Lisossomos/química
20.
Br J Anaesth ; 132(6): 1315-1326, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Timely detection of modifiable risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) could inform ventilation strategies that attenuate lung injury. We sought to develop, validate, and internally test machine learning models that use intraoperative respiratory features to predict PPCs. METHODS: We analysed perioperative data from a cohort comprising patients aged 65 yr and older at an academic medical centre from 2019 to 2023. Two linear and four nonlinear learning models were developed and compared with the current gold-standard risk assessment tool ARISCAT (Assess Respiratory Risk in Surgical Patients in Catalonia Tool). The Shapley additive explanation of artificial intelligence was utilised to interpret feature importance and interactions. RESULTS: Perioperative data were obtained from 10 284 patients who underwent 10 484 operations (mean age [range] 71 [65-98] yr; 42% female). An optimised XGBoost model that used preoperative variables and intraoperative respiratory variables had area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) of 0.878 (0.866-0.891) and 0.881 (0.879-0.883) in the validation and prospective cohorts, respectively. These models outperformed ARISCAT (AUROC: 0.496-0.533). The intraoperative dynamic features of respiratory dynamic system compliance, mechanical power, and driving pressure were identified as key modifiable contributors to PPCs. A simplified model based on XGBoost including 20 variables generated an AUROC of 0.864 (0.852-0.875) in an internal testing cohort. This has been developed into a web-based tool for further external validation (https://aorm.wchscu.cn/). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that real-time identification of surgical patients' risk of postoperative pulmonary complications could help personalise intraoperative ventilatory strategies and reduce postoperative pulmonary complications.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Idoso , Feminino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Pneumopatias/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos
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