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1.
Front Psychol ; 13: 901169, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337483

RESUMO

China's fishery industry has national and international relevance whose aquaculture production accounts for more than 60 percent of the world's total aquaculture production. But the average amount of pesticides used per hectare in China is roughly five times of the world average. The abuse of chemical fertilizers and drugs has brought chronic, long-term, and cumulative harm to both human beings and environment. The digital agricultural management system should be adopted to reduce non-negligible environment pollution and the quality and safety risks of aquatic products. So, it is essential to understand the factors that may influence the adopting intention of this digital management approaches. The present study aimed to examine the adopting intention of farmers toward the digital agricultural management system using two theories-the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the behavioral economics-as the research framework. The population was composed of farmers in the provinces of Guangdong province in south China of whom 219 farmers were sampled with stratified random sampling technique. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data, and it was revealed that this research framework could potentially predict intention. And we observed that the two biased belief of availability bias and loss aversion bias can be the main predictive influence factors of responsible behaviors in adopting the digital agriculture management system, which highlights the importance of framing recommendations in terms of losses rather than gain may be more effective to increase farmers' intention to adopt the digital system on their farms.

2.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; : MPMI04220091A, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384030

RESUMO

Most of the Pythium species are pathogenic to a wide range of economically important crops and, sometimes, can even cause diseases in animals and humans. An exception is that the soil-inhabiting P. oligandrum is an effective biocontrol agent against a diverse suite of pathogens and promotes plant growth. In this work, we sequenced the whole genome of P. oligandrum PO-1, isolated from rhizosphere soils of Chinese Angelica sinensis, using a combination of long-read single-molecule real-time sequencing technology (Pacific Biosciences [PacBio]) and Illumina sequencing. The 2.5-Gb and 5.2-Gb bases were generated respectively. The sequencing depths were 93× with PacBio and 145× with Illumina sequencing. With the PacBio sequencing results further corrected by Illumina sequencing, the genome was assembled into 71 scaffolds with a total size of 39.10 Mb (N50 = 1.45 Mb; L50 = 9)and the longest scaffold is 3.49 Mb. Genome annotation identifies 15,632 protein-coding genes and 0.47 Mb of transposable elements. Our genomic assembly and annotation have been greatly improved compared with the already released three genomes of P. oligandrum. This genomic data will provide valuable information to understand the mechanism underlying its biocontrol potentials and will also facilitate the dissection of genome evolution and environmental adaptation within the genus Pythium. [Formula: see text] The author(s) have dedicated the work to the public domain under the Creative Commons CC0 "No Rights Reserved" license by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law, 2022.

3.
Mol Ther ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384875

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Gemcitabine-based chemotherapy has become one of the main modalities of its management. However, gemcitabine resistance frequently occurs, leading to failure of PDAC therapy. Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) and their receptors play important roles in cancer progression and chemoresistance. We aimed to investigate the biological function and therapeutic significance of platelet-derived growth factor C (PDGFC) in drug-resistant PDAC. Our study showed that PDGFC was abnormally high expressed in gemcitabine resistant PDAC. Silencing PDGFC expression can enhance the therapeutic effect of gemcitabine on PDAC. Mechanistically, the transcription of PDGFC is mediated by H3K27 acetylation, and PDGFC promotes gemcitabine resistance by activating PDGFR-PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. The PDGFR inhibitor imatinib inhibits the PDGFR pathway. Imatinib and gemcitabine have a synergistic effect in the treatment of PDAC, and imatinib can significantly enhance the anti-tumor effect of gemcitabine in a drug-resistant PDAC patient-derived xenograft model. In conclusion, PDGFC is a potential predictor of gemcitabine resistant PDAC. Imatinib inhibits PDGFR activation to promote gemcitabine sensitivity in PDAC. Combined modality regimen of imatinib and gemcitabine is likely to translate into clinical trial for the treatment of PDGFC-associated gemcitabine-resistant patients.

4.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385234

RESUMO

Treadmill exercise is widely considered an effective strategy for restoration of skilled motor function after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the specific exercise intensity that optimizes recovery and the underlying mechanistic basis of this recovery remain unclear. To that end, we sought to investigate the effect of different treadmill exercise intensities on cortical mTOR activity, a key regulator of functional recovery following CNS trauma, in an animal model of C5 crush spinal cord injury (SCI). Following injury, animals were subjected to treadmill exercise for 4 consecutive weeks at three different intensities (low intensity [LEI]; moderate intensity [MEI]; and high intensity [HEI]). Motor function recovery was assessed by horizontal ladder test, cylinder rearing test, and electrophysiology, while neurotrophic factors and cortical mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway-related proteins were assessed by Western blotting. The activation of the cortical mTOR pathway and axonal sprouting was evaluated by immunofluorescence and the changes of plasticity in motor cortex neurons were assessed by Golgi staining. In keeping with previous studies, we found that 4 weeks of treadmill training resulted in improved skilled motor function, enhanced nerve conduction capability, increased neuroplasticity, and axonal sprouting. Importantly, we also demonstrated that when compared with the LEI group, MEI and HEI groups demonstrated elevated expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), phosphorylated ribosomal S6 protein (p-S6), and protein kinase B (p-Akt), consistent with an intensity-dependent activation of the mTOR pathway and neurotrophic factor expression in the motor cortex. We also observed impaired exercise endurance and higher mortality during training in the HEI group than in the LEI and MEI groups. Collectively, our findings suggest that treadmill exercise following SCI is an effective means of promoting recovery and highlight the importance of the cortical mTOR pathway and neurotrophic factors as mediators of this effect. Importantly, our findings also demonstrate that excessive exercise can be detrimental, suggesting that moderation may be the optimal strategy. These findings provide an important foundation for further investigation of treadmill training as a modality for recovery following spinal cord injury and of the underlying mechanisms.

5.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-15, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394558

RESUMO

Barley is one of the world's oldest cereal crops forming an important component of many traditional diets. Barley is rich in a variety of bioactive phytochemicals with potentially health-promoting effects. However, its beneficial nutritional attributes are not being fully realized because of the limited number of foods it is currently utilized in. It is therefore crucial for the food industry to produce novel barley-based foods that are healthy and cater to customers' tastes. This article reviews the nutritional and functional characteristics of barley, with an emphasis on its ability to improve glucose/lipid metabolism. Then, recent trends in barley product development are discussed. Finally, current limitations and future research directions in glucolipid modulation mechanisms and barley bioprocessing are discussed.

6.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319468

RESUMO

Rhizosphere effect of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) is crucial but little reported. Maize seeds were dressed with four nZVI concentrations (0, 1.0, 1.5, 2 g kg-1 ) and inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) (Funneliformis mosseae). The SEM images illuminated that excessive nZVI particles (2 g kg-1 ) were agglomerated on the surface of hyphae and spore, causing severe deformation and inactivation of AMF symbionts and thereafter inhibiting water uptake in maize seedlings. This restrained the scavenging effects of enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase) and non-enzymatic compounds (proline & malondialdehyde) on ROS, and leaf photoreduction activity and gas exchange ability (p < 0.05). Interestingly, the inoculation with AMF effectively alleviated above negative effects. In contrast, appropriate dose of nZVI, that is, ≤1.5 g kg-1 , can be evenly distributed on the hyphae surface and form the ordered symbionts with AMF. This help massively to enhance hyphae growth and water and nutrient uptake. The enhanced mycorrhizal infection turned to promote rhizosphere symbiont activity and leaf Rubisco and Rubisco activase activity. Light compensation point was massively lowered, which increased photosynthetic carbon supply for AMF symbionts. Particularly, such priming effects were evidently enhanced by drought stress. Our findings provided a novel insight into functional role of nZVI in agriculture and AMF-led green production.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(45): 14488-14498, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345907

RESUMO

Previous studies have found that the protein in barley extract fermented by Lactiplantibacillus plantarum dy-1 has the ability to inhibit lipid accumulation. However, the isolation, purification, and structural identification of the protein with lipid-lowering activity were still needed. In the present study, barley protein fermented by L. plantarum dy-1 with the optimal lipid-lowering ability was isolated and purified in three steps: using ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion-exchange chromatography, and size-exclusion chromatography. Combined with the model of HepG2 cells induced by oleic acid, the results showed that the pure protein LFBEP-C1 had the best lipid-lowering potential. Furthermore, our research found that LFBEP-C1 enriched the content of hydrophobic amino acids in LFBEP-C1. Ultraviolet spectroscopy analysis indicated that the glycosidic bond in LFBEP-C1 was an O-type glycosidic bond. The FTIR and circular dichroism spectra indicated that α-helix and random coil were the main secondary structures of LFBEP-C1. Mass spectrometry determined the theoretical molecular weight of LFBEP-C1 as 48 kDa, and its amino acid coverage was 63%. These findings suggest that the protein LFBEP-C1 with the best lipid-lowering activity was isolated and purified, and its structural characteristics were identified.


Assuntos
Hordeum , Lactobacillus plantarum , Fermentação , Hordeum/química , Lactobacillus plantarum/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Lipídeos
8.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 644, 2022 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of deep learning algorithms and the rapid improvement of computer hardware in the past few years, AI-assisted diagnosis software for bone age has achieved good diagnostic performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of AI-assisted software on residents' inter-observer agreement and intra-observer reproducibility for the X-ray bone age assessment of preschool children. METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. Six board-certified residents interpreted 56 bone age radiographs ranging from 3 to 6 years with structured reporting by the modified TW3 method. The images were interpreted on two separate occasions, once with and once without the assistance of AI. After a washout period of 4 weeks, the radiographs were reevaluated by each resident in the same way. The reference bone age was the average bone age results of the three experts. Both TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal were evaluated. The root mean squared error (RMSE), mean absolute difference (MAD) and bone age accuracy within 0.5 years and 1 year were used as metrics of accuracy. Interobserver agreement and intraobserver reproducibility were evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). RESULTS: With the assistance of bone age AI software, the accuracy of residents' results improved significantly. For interobserver agreement comparison, the ICC results with AI assistance among 6 residents were higher than the results without AI assistance on the two separate occasions. For intraobserver reproducibility comparison, the ICC results with AI assistance were higher than results without AI assistance between the 1st reading and 2nd reading for each resident. CONCLUSIONS: For preschool children X-ray bone age assessment, in addition to improving diagnostic accuracy, bone age AI-assisted software can also increase interobserver agreement and intraobserver reproducibility. AI-assisted software can be an effective diagnostic tool for residents in actual clinical settings.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Software , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Lactente , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Raios X
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the correlation between shear-wave elastography (SWE) parameters and pathological profiles of invasive breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 197 invasive breast cancers undergoing preoperative SWE and primary surgical treatment were included. Maximum elastic modulus (Emax), mean elastic modulus (Emean), and elastic modulus standard deviation (Esd) were calculated by SWE. Pathological profile was gold standard according to postoperative pathology. The relationship between SWE parameters and pathological factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, large cancers showed significantly higher Emax, Emean and Esd (all P < 0.001). Emax and Esd in the group of histological grade III were higher than those in the group of grade I (both P < 0.05). Invasive lobular carcinomas (ILC) showed higher Emean than invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) (P < 0.001). Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) group showed higher Emax values than negative group (P < 0.05). Emax, Emean and Esd of the Ki-67 positive group presented higher values than negative group (all P < 0.05). Androgen receptor (AR) positive lesions had lower Esd than AR negative lesions (P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, invasive size independently influenced Emax (P < 0.001). Invasive size and pathological type both independently influenced Emean (both P < 0.001). Invasive size and AR status were both independently influenced Esd (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SWE parameters correlated with pathological profiles of invasive breast cancer.In particular, AR positive group showed significantly low Esd than negative group.

10.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 260, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (SUA) acts as an antioxidant and abnormally low SUA may raise the risk of developing atherosclerotic disorders. There is a U-shaped association between SUA with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in general population. However, the prevalence of hypouricemia and its influence on CVDs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected clinical data from a Chinese RA cohort. Hypouricemia was defined as SUA ≤ 3.0 mg/dL, and hyperuricemia was defined as SUA ≥ 7.0 mg/dL. CVDs were defined as a history of angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke and peripheral arterial disease. Restricted cubic spline regression and logistic regression analysis were conducted to evaluate the associations between SUA levels and CVDs. RESULTS: Among 1130 RA patients recruited, the mean age was 53.2 years and 79.0% were female. The prevalence of hypouricemia and hyperuricemia were 10.6% and 12.0%, respectively. RA patients with hyperuricemia had a higher rate of CVDs than normouricemic patients (27.9% vs. 7.1%, P < 0.05). Surprisingly, RA patients with hypouricemia also had a higher rate of CVDs (20.7% vs. 7.1%, P < 0.05) even without higher traditional cardiovascular risk factors. A U-shaped association between SUA levels and total CVDs was found (Pnon-linear < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that compared with normouricemia, both hypouricemia [adjusted OR (AOR) = 4.707, 95% CI 2.570-8.620] and hyperuricemia (AOR = 3.707, 95% CI 2.174-6.321) were associated with higher risk of CVDs. CONCLUSIONS: Hypouricemia may be a potential risk factor of CVDs in RA patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Ácido Úrico , Estudos Transversais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia
11.
J Proteome Res ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414245

RESUMO

Modern mass spectrometry-based workflows employing hybrid instrumentation and orthogonal separations collect multidimensional data, potentially allowing deeper understanding in omics studies through adoption of artificial intelligence methods. However, the large volume of these rich spectra challenges existing data storage and access technologies, therefore precluding informatics advancements. We present MZA (pronounced m-za), the mass-to-charge (m/z) generic data storage and access tool designed to facilitate software development and artificial intelligence research in multidimensional mass spectrometry measurements. Composed of a data conversion tool and a simple file structure based on the HDF5 format, MZA provides easy, cross-platform and cross-programming language access to raw MS-data, enabling fast development of new tools in data science programming languages such as Python and R. The software executable, example MS-data and example Python and R scripts are freely available at https://github.com/PNNL-m-q/mza.

12.
Stem Cell Reports ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368332

RESUMO

Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) replacement therapy could restore vision in glaucoma and other optic neuropathies. We developed a rapid protocol for directly induced RGC (iRGC) differentiation from human stem cells, leveraging overexpression of NGN2. Neuronal morphology and neurite growth were observed within 1 week of induction; characteristic RGC-specific gene expression confirmed identity. Calcium imaging demonstrated γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced excitation characteristic of immature RGCs. Single-cell RNA sequencing showed more similarities between iRGCs and early-stage fetal human RGCs than retinal organoid-derived RGCs. Intravitreally transplanted iRGCs survived and migrated into host retinas independent of prior optic nerve trauma, but iRGCs protected host RGCs from neurodegeneration. These data demonstrate rapid iRGC generation in vitro into an immature cell with high similarity to human fetal RGCs and capacity for retinal integration after transplantation and neuroprotective function after optic nerve injury. The simplicity of this system may benefit translational studies on human RGCs.

14.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To characterise the morphology, location and functional significance of both macular and extramacular collateral vessels (CVs) in patients with a history of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) using widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (WF SS OCTA). METHODS: Patients with a history of BRVO underwent WF SS OCTA testing to acquire 12×12 mm images, which were evaluated for CVs and non-perfusion area (NPA). Region of interest analysis of individual CVs was performed to identify correlations between CV size, depth and retinal location. Mixed effects multivariate regression analyses of factors associated with NPA and visual acuity (VA) were performed. RESULTS: Fifty-five CVs were identified in 28 BRVO eyes from 27 patients. CVs were identified in 42.9% (12/28) of eyes with a history of BRVO, and of these, 45.5% (25/55) were extramacular. The majority of CVs (87.3%, 48/55) coursed through both the superficial and the deep capillary plexus (DCP), while a subset (12.7%, 7/55) were strictly superficial. No CVs were found to course strictly through the DCP alone. CV depth increased with distance from the optic disc (p=0.011) and CV size increased with distance from the fovea (p=0.005). There were no statistically significant associations between CVs and NPA, or between CVs and VA. CONCLUSIONS: WF SS OCTA revealed that a large fraction of CVs that form after BRVO are extramacular, and the morphology of CVs varies as a function of retinal location. Depth-resolved study of CVs may offer valuable insights on the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to the development of macular oedema.

16.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372952

RESUMO

Selenium is an essential trace element in the human body. The significant action of selenium is based on the selenium-containing protein as a mediator. Of note, previous studies reported that the expression of selenium-binding protein 1 (SELENBP1) has obviously decreased in many human cancer tissues including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, its roles in the origin and development of NSCLC are still unclear. Here, we further identified that the expression of SELENBP1 was dramatically decreased in NSCLC tissues in the TCGA database and 45 out of 59 collected clinical NSCLC tissues compared with adjacent nontumor tissues as well as four NSCLC cell lines compared with normal lung cells. Then a series of in vitro experiments uncovered that overexpression of SELENBP1 markedly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells and induced cell apoptosis. Moreover, overexpression of SELENBP1 also observably inhibited growth and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells in vivo. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that overexpression of SELENBP1 inhibited the malignant characteristics of NSCLC cells via inactivating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway. Meanwhile, we found that overexpression of SELENBP1-inducing apoptosis of NSCLC cells was associated with the activation of the caspase-3-dependent signaling pathway under nonhigh levels of oxidative stress, but overexpression of SELENBP1 facilitating the cell apoptosis was related to its combining with GPX1 and colocalizing in the nucleus under high levels of oxidative stress. Particularly, we unexpectedly discovered that SELENBP1 was obviously expressed in alveolar type 2 (AT-II) cells for the first time. Collectively, our findings highlighted that SELENBP1 was an important tumor suppressor during the origin and development of NSCLC. It may help to discover novel biomarkers or drug therapy targets for NSCLC.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160437, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427709

RESUMO

The effect of interactions between different components in sewage sludge on the thermochemical transformation of nitrogenous species is usually neglected, which is important to explain the generation mechanism of some key nitrogenous by-products. Here, we investigated the distribution, form, and chemical properties of the products from sludge-extracted protein (PR) under different pyrolysis scenarios using several in-situ probe techniques, to elucidate the critical role of typical sludge organics/inorganics on the evolution of nitrogenous intermediates and by-products. The results suggested that Ca/Fe/Si/Al-containing inorganics significantly affected the pyrolytic behavior of PR and the thermal transformation of nitrogenous species, while sludge organics, including humic acids and polysaccharides, had limited effects on the temperature-dependent evolution of nitrogenous species in PR. Among them, calcium oxide catalyzed the ring-opening reaction of heterocyclic-N with aromatic-like structures, resulting in a 21.1 %-68.8 % reduction in nitrogen fixation efficiency in the char. At lower temperatures (350-450 °C), calcium oxide caused more nitrogen to be transferred to the gas/tar phases in the form of NH3 and heterocyclic-N, and it also enhanced the conversion of nitrile-N → HCN → NO at temperatures above 450 °C. In contrast, polyferric salts inhibited the devolatilization of mono-heterocyclic-N and enhanced the thermal stability of poly-heterocyclic-N, resulting in a maximum increase of 18.5 mg·g-1 of nitrogen content in the char, while reducing the release of NH3 and HCN by 71.1 % and 32.0 %. This work elucidated the interaction between PR and inherent components in sludge, providing key information for the control of nitrogenous volatiles and NOx.

18.
Foods ; 11(22)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429154

RESUMO

Heat-induced composite gel systems consisting of different soybean protein isolate (SPI) and potato protein (PP) mixtures were studied to elucidate their "backbone" and property changes. This was achieved by comparing the ratio of non-network proteins, protein subunit composition, and aggregation of different gel samples. It was revealed that SPI was the "gel network backbone" and PP played the role of "filler" in the SPI-PP composite gel system. Compared with the composite gels at the same ratio, springiness and WHC decrease with PP addition. For hardness, PP addition showed a less linear trend. At the SPI-PP = 2/1 composite gel, hardness was more than doubled, while springiness and WHC did not decrease too much and increased the inter-protein binding. The hydrophobic interactions and electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding of the SPI gel system were enhanced. The scanning electron microscopy results showed that the SPI-based gel system was able to form a more compact and compatible gel network. This study demonstrates the use of PP as a potential filler that can effectively improve the gelling properties of SPI, thus providing a theoretical basis for the study of functional plant protein foods.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429442

RESUMO

Fe(II)-activated potassium periodate (KIO4) oxidation was used to improve the dewaterability of waste-activated sludge for the first time. Compared with those of raw sludge, the capillary suction time (CST), specific resistance filtration (SRF), and water content of filter cake (WC) of sludge treated using the Fe(II)/KIO4 process under the optimal conditions (i.e., the initial pH = 6.8, KIO4 dose = 1.4 mmol/g volatile suspended solids, Fe(II)/KIO4 molar ratio = 1.2) decreased by 64.34%, 84.13%, and 6.69%, respectively. For conditioned sludge flocs, the Zeta potential and particle size were increased, and hydrophilic proteins in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were partly degraded, accompanied by the transformation of tightly bound EPS into soluble EPS and the conversion of dense sludge flocs into loose and porous ones. During Fe(II)/KIO4 oxidation, Fe(IV) and the accompanying •OH were determined as the predominant reactive species and the underlying mechanism of sludge EPS degradation was proposed. This work provides a prospective method for conditioning the sludge dewaterability.

20.
J Chromatogr A ; 1685: 463592, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323096

RESUMO

Bisphenols (BPs), one of the endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), are harmful to health with the potential carcinogenicity, teratogenicity and neurotoxicity. In this paper, we developed an electro-enhanced solid-phase microextraction with membrane protection method to enrich BPs. The extraction time can be shortened to 10 min with the electric field, and the prepared fiber can be repetitively used 100 times with the membrane protection. The factors affecting extraction such potential, pH, extraction temperature and extraction time were optimized. Under optimal conditions, the linear ranges were 2-600 ng mL-1 for BPAF and 2-800 ng mL-1 for the other four BPs (BPB, BPF, BPA, BPZ), and the limits of detection (S/N=3) were from 0.09 (BPAF) to 0.41 (BPA) ng mL-1, with intra-day and inter-day precisions <5.16% and 9.29%, respectively. The developed method has been applied to the determination of trace BPs in canned meat with the recoveries of 73%-117%, showing a promising application for pretreatment in complex samples.

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