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1.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280691, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719881

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is the main therapeutic drug for cholestasis, but its use in children is controversial. We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ursodeoxycholic acid in children with cholestasis. METHODS: We searched Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CNKI, WanFang Data and VIP from the establishment of databases to July 2022. Eligible studies included Chinese or English randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy and safety of no UDCA (placebo or blank control) and UDCA in children with cholestasis. This study had been registered with PROSPERO (CRD42022354052). RESULTS: A total of 32 RCTs proved eligible, which included 2153 patients. The results of meta-analysis showed that UDCA could improve symptoms of children with cholestasis (risk ratio 1.24, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.29; moderate quality of evidence), and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin and total bile acid (low quality of evidence). For some children with specific cholestasis, UDCA could also effectively drop serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis) and Î³-glutamyl transferase (infantile hepatitis syndrome, parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis). The most common adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of UDCA in children were gastrointestinal adverse reactions, with an incidence of 10.63% (67/630). There was no significant difference in the incidence of ADRs between UDCA and placebo/blank control groups (risk difference 0.03, 95%CI -0.01 to 0.06; moderate quality of evidence), and among children taking different UDCA doses (P = 0.27). CONCLUSION: The available short-term evidence showed that UDCA was effective and safe for children with cholestasis. Clinicians should use UDCA with caution (start with a low dose) until the long-term effect is further explored in future larger RCTs.

2.
Stem Cells Dev ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680756

##### RESUMO

Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), as a cell therapy with considerable therapeutic potential, have received increasing attention in tissue repair, endocrine regulation, immune regulation, and aging and obesity research. Gut microbiota are present in all organisms and play important roles in the development of aging and obesity. Dysbiosis activates inflammatory pathways that may contribute to the development of aging and obesity. We used C57BL/6J mice of different ages to carry out the experiment. Young mice were used as donors for ASC. Feces from the three groups were collected for 16sRNA sequencing to analyze the species composition of intestinal microorganisms. Then, predicted metabolic pathways by PICRUSt2 using 16s rRNA gene sequences. Immune cell levels in abdominal adipose tissue was assessed by flow cytometry. The content of IL-6ãTNF-α and LPS in serum was measured by ELISA kit. Our 16sRNA sequencing data showed restoration of gut microbiota diversity and an increase in beneficial flora (Akkermansia, Lactobacillus, Prevotella) 7 days after ASC transplantation. In addition, the inflammatory environment improved in older transplanted mice.

3.
Environ Int ; 172: 107764, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689864

##### RESUMO

The extensive use of pesticides has negative effects on the health of insect pollinators. Although pollinators in the field are seldom exposed to individual pesticides, few reports have assessed the toxic impacts of pesticide combinations on them. In this work, we purposed to reveal the combined impacts of tetrachlorantraniliprole (TET) and tebuconazole (TEB) on honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Our data exhibited that TET had greater toxicity to A. mellifera (96-h LC50 value of 298.2 mg a.i. L-1) than TEB (96-h LC50 value of 1,841 mg a.i. L-1). The mixture of TET and TEB displayed acute synergistic toxicity to the pollinators. Meanwhile, the activities of CarE, CYP450, trypsin, and sucrase, as well as the expressions of five genes (ppo, abaecin, cat, CYP4G11, and CYP6AS14) associated with immune response, oxidative stress, and detoxification metabolism, were conspicuously altered when exposed to the mixture relative to the individual exposures. These results provided an overall comprehension of honey bees upon the challenge of sublethal toxicity between neonicotinoid insecticides and triazole fungicides and could be used to assess the intricate toxic mechanisms in honey bees when exposed to pesticide mixtures. Additionally, these results might guide pesticide regulation strategies to enhance the honey bee populations.

4.
Neurol Sci ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697854

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantify the cervical sagittal alignment in patients with Hirayama disease (HD) and to investigate the effect of loss of cervical sagittal alignment upon the cervical spinal lesions in HD. METHODS: Cervical sagittal alignments were measured in 253 HD patients and 63 healthy subjects by C2-C7 Cobb and a modified method of Toyama et al. Motor unit number estimation (MUNE) was performed in bilateral abductor pollicis brevis (APB) in all HD patients, and 31 patients further underwent cervical diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). RESULTS: Compared with healthy subjects, HD patients showed lower C2-C7 Cobb (P < 0.05), and 83.4% patients showed loss of cervical lordosis (cervical straight or kyphosis), which was greater than healthy subjects (55.6%, P < 0.05). Compared with lordotic/straight group, patients with cervical kyphosis showed lower MUNE values and greater single motor unit potential (SMUP) in bilateral APB, and higher apparent dispersion coefficient (ADC) and lower fractional anisotropy were observed at C4/C5 level in the latter than the former (P < 0.05). C2-C7 Cobb was associated with both C4/C5 ADC and bilateral SMUP (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Most HD patients showed loss of cervical sagittal alignments, and both MUNE and DTI detections demonstrated a positive correlation between loss of cervical sagittal alignments and cervical spinal lesions in HD. These findings supported that loss of cervical sagittal alignments may worsen motor impairments in HD. Therefore, it is necessary for clinicians to be aware of restoring cervical sagittal alignments during HD treatment.

5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2206899, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698290

##### RESUMO

In this work, a novel discovery that the coinage-metal near-plane superatoms (CM-NPSs) formed by embedding actinide elements into the coinage metal rings can realize the "Z"-type tilted quasi-one-dimensional (1D) direct assembly is reported. This success can be attributed to the strong bonding between the overlapping parts of adjacent superatomic motifs. First-principles calculations reveal that the motifs maintain their geometric and electronic structures robustly during the assembly process. With the accumulation of motifs, the intensity of the absorption peak increases continuously in the ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectra range of 300-450 nm, resulting in the hyperchromic effect, which is closely related to the degree of the participation of Th atoms. Furthermore, the absorption spectra show a continuously tunable feature in the 450-900 nm range, as the interlayer stacking pattern leads to a pronounced redshift. More importantly, the valence 5f-shells of Th atoms have an increased contribution to the final orbitals of electronic transition, which demonstrates the advantages of the active high angular momentum electrons of actinide elements in spectral properties. These findings provide a valuable reference for the direct artificial assembly of near-plane superatoms and optical properties of superatomic assemblies embedded with rare elements.

6.
Entropy (Basel) ; 25(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673243

##### RESUMO

The Chinese stock market exhibits many characteristics that deviate from the efficient market hypothesis and the trading volume contains a great deal of complexity information that the price cannot reflect. Do small or big orders drive trading volume? We studied the complex behavior of different orders from a microstructure perspective. We used ETF data of the CSI300, SSE50, and CSI500 indices and divided transactions into big and small orders. A multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA) method was used to study persistence. It was found that the persistence of small orders was stronger than that of big orders, which was caused by correlation with time. A multiscale composite complexity synchronization (MCCS) method was used to study the synchronization of orders and total volume. It was found that small orders drove selling-out transactions in the CSI300 market and that big orders drove selling-out transactions in the CSI500 market. Our findings are useful for understanding the microstructure of the trading volume in the Chinese market.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674921

##### RESUMO

Alcoholic liver damage is caused by long-term drinking, and it further develops into alcoholic liver diseases. In this study, we prepared a probiotic fermentation product of Grifola frondosa total active components (PFGF) by fermentation with Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and Pediococcus acidilactici. After fermentation, the total sugar and protein content in the PFGF significantly decreased, while the lactic acid level and antioxidant activity of the PFGF increased. Afterward, we investigated the alleviating effect of PFGF on alcoholic liver injury in alcohol-fed mice. The results showed that the PFGF intervention reduced the necrosis of the liver cells, attenuated the inflammation of the liver and intestines, restored the liver function, increased the antioxidant factors of the liver, and maintained the cecum tissue barrier. Additionally, the results of the 16S rRNA sequencing analysis indicated that the PFGF intervention increased the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, Ruminococcaceae, Parabacteroids, Parasutterella, and Alistipes, to attenuate intestinal inflammation. These results demonstrate that PFGF can potentially alleviate alcoholic liver damage by restoring the intestinal barrier and regulating the intestinal microflora.

##### Assuntos
Grifola , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas , Probióticos , Camundongos , Animais , Antioxidantes , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação
8.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675380

##### RESUMO

Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) than non-PCOS women; however, the exact mechanism underlying this trend is unknown. The receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) is strongly involved in bone metabolism and has multiple functions. Recent studies suggest that RANKL is implicated in hepatic insulin resistance (IR), which is the highest risk factor for NAFLD. This study aimed to assess the role of RANKL in NAFLD in Chinese women with PCOS. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on women newly diagnosed with PCOS, which included 146 patients with NAFLD and 142 patients without NAFLD. Sex hormones, glucose, insulin, and lipids were measured, and anthropometric data were collected. The concentration of serum total RANKL was measured using commercial ELISA kits. PCOS patients with NAFLD had a significantly higher mean age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and worsened metabolic profile than non-NAFLD subjects. The concentrations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased with the RANKL tertile (p for trend = 0.023, 0.026, and 0.035, respectively). A significantly positive association was found between RANKL (per SD change) and the risks of NAFLD (OR = 1.545, 95% CI = 1.086-2.199) after adjusting for confounders, including demographic factors, metabolic markers, and sex hormones. Subgroup multivariate logistic analyses stratified by age, BMI, and WC showed the same tendency. In addition, the positive association between RANKL and NAFLD seemed more prominent in lean patients with a BMI < 24 kg/m2 (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.06-2.75) when compared to overweight/obesity subjects. Therefore, this study suggests that RANKL is positively associated with the increased risk of NAFLD in Chinese women with PCOS, independent of metabolic and reproductive factors.

9.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677598

##### RESUMO

Carbon materials with pseudocapacitive performance have attracted emerging interest in the energy storage and conversion field. Reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) with superior conductivity and electrochemical stability has been extensively investigated as an efficient capacitive electrode material. In this study, three-dimensional carbon dots (CDs)@r-GO hydrogel electrode was successfully in situ prepared by the one-pot method, where the CDs play a critical role in serving as both reduction agent and electrochemical active sites. With prolonged reaction time, the oxygen content of the CDs@r-GO nanocomposite material could be effectively reduced to ensure better electric conductivity, and the nitrogen content, which provides pseudocapacitance, was gradually increased. The representative two pairs of fast and reversible current peaks appeared in cyclic voltammetry curves, with around three times higher specific capacitance of CDs@r-GO hydrogel electrode (290 F g-1 at the current density of 1 A g-1 in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte). This simple and mild approach is promising and it is believed it will shed more light on the preparation of high-efficiency and high-performance energy storage materials based on functional reductive CDs.

10.
Cell Rep Med ; 4(1): 100883, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630951

##### RESUMO

Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) accounts for 10% of urothelial carcinomas (UCs) and has a substantial hereditary component. However, the majority of our knowledge of germline spectrum comes from bladder cancer (BCa) data in White populations. Here, we sequence 309 Chinese UTUC cases and identify 71 germline pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) mutations in 62 patients (20.1%). Compared with White cases, we observe disparities and similarities in inherited mutational profiles. Association analysis reveals that germline P/LP mutations in MSH2, BRCA2, BRCA1, and BRIP1 significantly increase UTUC risk in Chinese populations. Furthermore, germline P/LP mutation in homologous recombination genes indicates poor prognosis for non-metastatic UTUC. Finally, we perform paired sequencing and observe significant correlations between germline mutation patterns and tumor subtypes. This study highlights the importance of genetic testing in patients with UTUC and calls for germline data from various ethnicities to better understand this disease.

##### Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa/genética , Mutação
11.
Arch Osteoporos ; 18(1): 24, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689130

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current frequency of osteoporosis (OP) in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through meta-analysis. METHODS: The databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wan Fang, CBM, and VIP were searched for relevant literature regarding the occurrence of OP in Chinese patients with RA from January 1, 2000, to September 15, 2022. The literature was screened using inclusion and exclusion criteria, and qualifying articles were subjected to data extraction, quality evaluation, and meta-analysis using Stata 17.0 software. RESULTS: Altogether, 44 publications were included in this study, with a total sample size of 12,264 RA cases and 4532 patients with OP. Meta-analysis revealed that the frequency of OP in patients with RA was 37.67% [95% CI: 34.38%, 40.97%], while subgroup analysis showed that the frequency in South China was 49.43% [95% CI: 40.53%, 58.32%]. Also, the frequency in men was 29.29% [95% CI: 22.42%, 36.16%], which was significantly lower than in women (41.89% [95% CI: 36.87%, 46.90%]). The incidence rate in pre-menopausal women was only 15.19% [95% CI: 8.79%, 21.59%], much lower than the figure of 54.29% [95% CI: 45.28%, 63.30%] for post-menopausal women. Additionally, the frequency rates in the low, intermediate, and high disease activity groups were 24.52% [95% CI: 11.52%, 37.52%)], 27.67% [95% CI: 13.50%, 41.85%], and 57.96% [95% CI: 37.35%, 78.56%], respectively. CONCLUSION: The frequency of OP in the Chinese RA population is higher than the world average, and patients with RA should receive standardized anti-RA therapy at an early stage, with emphasis on bone health in postmenopausal women, patients with high disease activity or longer disease duration.

##### Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Osteoporose , Feminino , Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Masculino
12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(3): 2274-2281, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597784

##### RESUMO

Strong structural asymmetry is actively explored in two-dimensional (2D) materials, because it can give rise to many interesting physical properties. Motivated by the recent synthesis of monolayer Si2Te2, we explored a family of 2D materials, named Janus Si dichalcogenides (JSD), which parallel the Janus transition metal dichalcogenides and exhibit even stronger inversion asymmetry. Using first-principles calculations, we show that their strong structural asymmetry leads to a pronounced intrinsic polar field, sizable spin splitting, and large piezoelectric response. The spin splitting involves an out-of-plane spin component, which is beyond the linear Rashba model. The piezoelectric tensor has a large value in both in-plane d11 coefficient and out-of-plane d31 coefficient, making monolayer JSDs distinct among existing 2D piezoelectric materials. In addition, we find interesting strain-induced phase transitions in these materials. Particularly, there are multiple valleys that compete for the conduction band minimum, which will lead to notable changes in the optical and transport properties under strain. Our work reveals a new family of Si based 2D materials, which could find promising applications in spintronic and piezoelectric devices.

13.
Math Biosci Eng ; 20(1): 1402-1419, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650816

##### RESUMO

A stochastic SIRS system with $\mathrm {L\acute{e}vy}$ process is formulated in this paper, and the model incorporates the saturated incidence and vaccination strategies. Due to the introduction of $\mathrm {L\acute{e}vy}$ jump, the jump stochastic integral process is a discontinuous martingale. Then the Kunita's inequality is used to estimate the asymptotic pathwise of the solution for the proposed model, instead of Burkholder-Davis-Gundy inequality which is suitable for continuous martingales. The basic reproduction number $R_{0}^{s}$ of the system is also derived, and the sufficient conditions are provided for the persistence and extinction of SIRS disease. In addition, the numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the theoretical results. Theoretical and numerical results both show that $\mathrm {L\acute{e}vy}$ process can suppress the outbreak of the disease.

##### Assuntos
Modelos Biológicos , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica , Humanos , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/epidemiologia , Simulação por Computador , Incidência , Processos Estocásticos , Vacinação
14.
Synthesis (Stuttg) ; 55(1): 90-106, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644007

##### RESUMO

The biological activity of natural products YM-254890 (YM) and FR900359 (FR) has led to significant interest in both their synthesis and the construction of more simplified analogs. While the simplified analogs lose much of the potency of the natural products, they are of interest in their own right, and their synthesis has revealed synthetic barriers to the family of molecules that need to be addressed if a scalable synthesis of YM and FR analogs is to be constructed. In the work described here, a synthetic route to simplified analogs of YM is examined and strategies for circumventing some of the challenges inherent to constructing the molecules are forwarded.

15.
Adv Biol (Weinh) ; : e2200236, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634922

##### RESUMO

Severe trauma and hemorrhaging are often accompanied by delayed cutaneous wound healing. Soybean isoflavone is a natural phytoestrogen that has attracted great attention due to its protective effects against various injuries. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are precursor cells with directional differentiation characteristics. This study is to determine whether genistein (GEN), an isoflavone in soybean products, benefits wound healing in hemorrhagic shock (HS) rats by promoting EPC homing and to investigate the underlying mechanisms. In this study, it is found that GEN promotes skin wound healing in HS rats, which is due at least partly to the mobilization of endogenous EPCs to the injury site via angiotensin II (Ang-II), stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1α), and transforming growth factor beta(TGF-ß) signaling.

16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(1): 444-451, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635832

##### RESUMO

In order to explore the characteristics of organic carbon mineralization and the variation law of organic carbon components of an artificial forest in a loess hilly area, an artificial Robinia pseudoacacia forest restored for 13 years and the adjacent slope farmland were selected as the research objects, and indoor culture experiments under three different temperature treatments (15, 25, and 35â) were carried out. The results indicated that the mineralization rate of soil organic carbon decreased sharply at first and then stabilized. The cumulative release of organic carbon increased rapidly in the initial stage of culture and gradually slowed in the later stage. Soil organic carbon mineralization in sloping farmland was more sensitive to temperature change, and its temperature sensitivity coefficient Q10 was 1.52, whereas that in R. pseudoacacia forest land was only 1.38. According to the fitting of the single reservoir first-order dynamic equation, the soil mineralization potential Cp of R. pseudoacacia forest land and slope farmland was between 2.02-4.32 g·kg-1 and 1.25-3.17 g·kg-1, respectively, that is, the mineralization potential of the R. pseudoacacia forest was higher. During the cultivation period, the content of various active organic carbon components decreased with time, and that in the R. pseudoacacia forest land was greater than that in the slope land. The cumulative carbon release of soil was significantly positively correlated with the contents of MBC and DOC (P<0.05), and Q10 (15-25â) was negatively correlated with the contents of SOC, EOC, and SWC (P<0.05). These results could provide some reference for the study of soil carbon sequestration in loess hilly regions under climate change.

##### Assuntos
Robinia , Solo , Carbono/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Florestas , Carvão Vegetal , China
17.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0365922, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645314

##### RESUMO

The efficient storage of materials before bioethanol production could be key to improving pretreatment protocol and facilitating biodegradation, in turn improving the cost-effectiveness of biomass utilization. Biological inoculants were investigated for their effects on ensiling performance, biodegradability of silage materials, and final bioethanol yield from sweet sorghum. Two cellulolytic microbial consortia (CF and PY) were used to inoculate silages of sweet sorghum, with and without combined lactic acid bacteria (Xa), for up to 60 days of ensiling. We found that the consortia notably decreased pH and ammonia nitrogen content while increasing lactic acid/acetic acid ratios. The microbes also functioned in synergy with Xa, significantly reducing lignocellulose content and improving biomass preservation. First-order exponential decay models captured the kinetics of nonstructural carbohydrates and suggested high water-soluble carbohydrate (grams per kilogram dry matter [DM]) preservation potential in PY-Xa (33.48), followed by CF-Xa (30.51). Combined addition efficiently improved enzymatic hydrolysis and enhanced bioethanol yield, and sweet sorghum treated with PY-Xa had the highest ethanol yield (28.42 g L-1). Thus, combined bioaugmentation of synergistic microbes provides an effective method of improving biomass preservation and bioethanol production from sweet sorghum silages. IMPORTANCE Ensiling is an effective storage approach to ensure stable year-round supply for downstream biofuel production; it offers combined facilities of storage and pretreatment. There are challenges in ensiling sweet sorghum due to its coarse structure and high fiber content. This study provides a meaningful evaluation of the effects of adding microbial consortia, with and without lactic acid bacteria, on changes in key properties of sweet sorghum. This study highlighted the bioaugmented ensiling using cellulolytic synergistic microbes to outline a cost-effective strategy to store and pretreat sweet sorghum for bioethanol production.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627498

##### RESUMO

PURPOSE: Human post mortem studies have described the topographical patterns of tau pathology in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Recent advances in tau PET tracers are expected to herald the next era of PSP investigation for early detection of tau pathology in living brains. This study aimed to investigate whether 18F-Florzolotau PET imaging may capture the distribution patterns and regional vulnerability of tau pathology in PSP, and to devise a novel image-based staging system. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 148 consecutive patients with PSP who had undergone 18F-Florzolotau PET imaging. The PSP rating scale (PSPrs) was used to measure disease severity. Similarities and differences of tau deposition among different clinical phenotypes were examined at the regional and voxel levels. An 18F-Florzolotau pathological staging system was devised according to the scheme originally developed for post mortem data. In light of conditional probabilities for the sequence of events, an 18F-Florzolotau modified staging system by integrating clusters at the regional level was further developed. The ability of 18F-Florzolotau staging systems to reflect disease severity in terms of PSPrs score was assessed by analysis of variance. RESULTS: The distribution patterns of 18F-Florzolotau accumulation in living brains of PSP showed a remarkable similarity to those reported in post mortem studies, with the binding intensity being markedly higher in Richardson's syndrome. Moreover, 18F-Florzolotau PET imaging allowed detecting regional vulnerability and tracking tau accumulation in an earlier fashion compared with post mortem immunostaining. The 18F-Florzolotau staging systems were positively correlated with clinical severity as reflected by PSPrs scores. CONCLUSIONS: 18F-Florzolotau PET imaging can effectively capture the distribution patterns and regional vulnerability of tau pathology in PSP. The 18F-Florzolotau modified staging system holds promise for early tracking of tau deposition in living brains.

19.
Life Sci ; 316: 121378, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623767

##### RESUMO

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an environmental toxicant that is widely used in the whole world as a plasticizer that can enhance plastic properties. A number of reserarches have demonstrated that DEHP could cause varying degrees of damage to the normal function of nerve. The research aimed to investigate the mechanism of DEHP-induced cerebellar toxicity. In present study, we set DEHP-caused cerebellar injury models of quail and implied that DEHP induced cerebellar dysplasia by abnormity of Purkinje cell and reduction of cerebellar granule cell. Furthermore, the mitochondrial damage was confirmed by the swelling, cristae reduction, membrane rupture of mitochondria or even the occurrence of autophagic vacuole. To clarified DEHP-induced mitochondrial damage in cerebellum, we examined the relevant genes of mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial dynamics, oxidative damage, the pathways related to Nrf2 and PINK1/Parkin in cerebellum. Based on data, it appeared that DEHP treatment had a damaging effect on the cerebellum and led to mitophagy as well as oxidative stress. In conclusion, the research indicated that DEHP-actuated mitochondrial injury has a directly relationship with mitophagy. DEHP-actuated reduced mitochondrial biogenesis and dysregulation of mitochondrial dynamics. The increase of oxidative stress damaged mitochondria, and the redundant ROS in damaged mitochondria that gave rise to cerebellar harm.

20.
Leuk Res ; 125: 107008, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630885

##### RESUMO

PURPOSE: Providing accurate prognostic models is necessary for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, but there are still many uncertainties. So far, none of the models include immune cells. Therefore, an immune risk score was constructed to predict the survival of patients. METHODS: CIBERSORTx was chosen to estimate the proportion of 22 human immune cell subsets from public datasets and generate an immune risk score to predict patients' survival in a training cohort using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model. RESULTS: The prognostic model had high predictive ability in the training and validation cohorts. Subjects in the training cohort with high scores had a worse prognosis compared with subjects with low scores. The same result was also found in the three validation cohorts. Multivariable analysis suggested that the immune risk score was an independent prognostic factor. The merged score, including the immune risk score and the international prognostic index (IPI) risk category, had better predictive accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Our immune risk score promises to be a complement to current prognostic models.

##### Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Prognóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Fatores de Risco
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