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1.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(4): 163-169, 2024 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38000940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has spread around the world since 2019. In severe cases, COVID-19 can lead to hospitalization and death. Systemic arterial hypertension and other comorbidities are associated with serious COVID-19 infection. Literature is unclear whether antihypertensive therapy with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors affect COVID-19 outcomes. We aim to assess whether ACEI/ARB therapy is a risk factor for worse respiratory outcomes related to COVID-19 in hospitalized patients. METHODS: Retrospective study enrolling admitted COVID-19-diagnosed patients by RT-PCR at the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, Brazil, during 2021. Patient medical records, sociodemographic, and clinical data were analyzed. Chest CT images were analyzed using CAD4COVID-CT/Thirona™ software. RESULTS: A total of 294 patients took part in the study. A cut-off point of 66% of pulmonary involvement was found by ROC curve, with patients having higher risk of death and intubation and lower 60-day survival. Advanced age (RR 1.025, P=0.001) and intubation (RR 16.747, P<0.001) were significantly associated with a higher risk of death. Advanced age (RR 1.023, P=0.001) and the use of noninvasive ventilation (RR 1.548, P=0.037) were associated with a higher risk of intubation. Lung involvement (>66%) increased the risk of death by almost 2.5-fold (RR 2.439, P<0.001) and by more than 2.3-fold the risk of intubation (RR 2.317, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, our findings suggest that ACEI or ARB therapy does not affect the risk of death and disease course during hospitalization.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipertensão , Humanos , COVID-19/complicações , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia
2.
Ann Hepatol ; 17(1): 98-103, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29311394

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We sought to describe: 1) The influence of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on exercise capacity, pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength after surgery, 2) The relationship between exercise capacity and symptoms of anxiety and depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective follow up study conducted with patients submitted to OLT. All patients were assessed before and 1 month after surgery through measurements: six minute walk test (6MWT), 6 min step test (6MST) and HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). FEV1% (forced expiratory volume), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) were measured in the pre-operative and on 1st, 3rd, 5th day and 1 month after surgery. RESULTS: In 77 patients , 6MWD improved 20.2 m (95%CI 8.1-32.3) and 6MST improved 7.8 steps after surgery (95%CI 3.9-11.6). Change in 6 MWD and 6 MST did not correlated with change HADS. The FEV1% at each time point were 88.8 ± 21.3 before surgery, 32.9 ± 9.9 on 1st day, 39.6 ± 11.5 on 3rd day, 46 ± 12.1 on 5th day and 86.6 ± 21.1 one month after surgery. MIP and MEP values at each time point were -67.4 ± 23.2 and 79.7 ± 26 before surgery, -30.8 ± 12.3 and 36.4 ± 15.4 on 1st day, -38.6 ± 14.1 and 43.8 ± 17 on 3rd day, -45.8 ± 15.9 and 49.7 ± 18.7 on 5th day and -67.1 ± 29.4 and 80.9 ± 23.9 one month after surgery. CONCLUSION: Exercise capacity was modestly increased after OLT without any correlation with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength decreased immediately after liver transplantation, and progressively recovered, returning to baseline values after 1 month.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Transplante de Fígado , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Respiração , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Doença Hepática Terminal/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Terminal/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Masculino , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
4.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 44(4): 1229-35, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21779919

RESUMO

Despite their significant influence on the quality of life, depressive symptoms are not usually included as a clinical parameter in the evaluation of hemodialysis patients. We aimed to identify depressive symptoms and associated risk factors in a large group of individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on chronic hemodialysis. This was a cross-sectional study of 400 consecutive patients. Cases were analyzed according to the presence/absence of depressive symptoms. All individuals were investigated by interview, and all variables were measured concurrently. Depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II ≥16) and sleep quality by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI > 5). Among the 400 patients (59% male), depressive symptoms were present in 77 (19.3%). Depressive symptoms were more common in women and were independently associated with poor sleep quality (P = <0.005), unemployment (P = 0.001), diabetes (P = 0.02), hypoalbuminemia (P = 0.01), low education (P = 0.03), and pruritus (P = 0.04). Women with ESRD on chronic hemodialysis are at increased risk of depression. Furthermore, unemployment and the presence of diabetes, hypoalbuminemia, low education, and pruritus are significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms are also independently associated with poor quality sleep and studies about the effects of sleep hygiene therapy on depressive symptoms are warranted.


Assuntos
Depressão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
5.
Chronobiol Int ; 23(5): 963-71, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17050211

RESUMO

Truck drivers are more likely to suffer severe injury and death due to certain truck driving characteristics. Identifying and preventing factors associated with accidents in this population is important to minimize damage and improve road safety. Excessive daytime sleepiness is a major public health problem, leading to impaired cognitive function, reduced alertness, and increased risk of motor vehicle crashes. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of hypersomnolence (defined as an Epworth Sleepiness Scale score greater than 10) among truck drivers. Three hundred male truck drivers were studied. Quality of sleep was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the association between demographic, clinical, and occupational data with excessive sleepiness was analyzed. The mean daily sleep duration was 5.6+/-1.3 h, and poor quality of sleep was found in 46.3% of the individuals. Hypersomnolence was found in 46% of the drivers and was associated with younger age, snoring, and working >10 h without rest. A positive correlation between hypersomnolence and previous accidents was detected (p=0.005). These results show that sleep deprivation and hypersomnolence are frequent among truck drivers. The treatment of sleep-disordered breathing and the implementation of educational programs, particularly targeting younger drivers and promoting increased awareness of the deleterious effects of sleep loss and work overload, may help to reduce hypersomnolence and accidents among truck drivers.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/epidemiologia , Veículos Automotores , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
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