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Exp Appl Acarol ; 79(3-4): 447-458, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792752


Rhipicephalus microplus is the ectoparasite responsible for large economic losses in cattle herds. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro action of leaf extracts of Protium spruceanum on resistant strains of this tick. Ethanolic extracts (EE) and ethyl acetate extracts (EAE) of P. spruceanum leaves were used against engorged females and larvae by biocarrapaticidogram and larval package (TPL) tests. Chromatographic analyses were performed using a gas chromatograph and showed the presence of the flavonoid catechin in both extracts and the terpenoid ß-amirine only in EAE. EE and EAE were not effective in altering the mortality of engorged females; however, 92% of females treated with the extracts reduced the postures and > 90% of larval hatching was inhibited at 100 mg/ml of extracts. Acaricidal efficacies were > 80% for 100 mg/ml EE and > 90% for EAE at 50 mg/ml. In TPL tests, EE and EAE promoted larval mortality > 88% at 100 mg/ml. In this study, EAE was more effective against adult females and larvae than EE, representing an alternative agent for the integrated control of R. microplus.

Acaricidas/química , Burseraceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rhipicephalus , Animais , Feminino , Larva , Folhas de Planta/química
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 49(5): 937-943, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28352962


In this study the helminthiasis and anthelmintic effectiveness in ewes and lambs were evaluated in a semiarid region of Brazil. Twelve sheep farms were investigated using semi-structured questionnaires and fecal egg count (FEC) reduction test was employed to analyze the profile of anthelmintic resistance. Groups of at least 10 animals with FEC ≥ 300 were selected. After 12 h of fasting, homogeneous groups of lambs or ewes were treated with albendazole, levamisole moxidectin, or oxfendazole and control groups were not treated. Feces were collected before treatments and 14 days after, and larvae genera were identified after cuprocultures in both periods. Extensive grazing was the predominant creation system, using hybrid Santa Ines animals. The separation by age was promoted in 75% of herds; however, maternity pickets there were only in three farms. The strategic treatments were performed only in 8.4% of sheep farms and 16.6% used the anthelmintic efficacy test and alternated anthelmintic classes after 1 year. The initial FEC means for lambs were significantly higher than ewe FEC averages. For lamb tests, moxidectin and levamisole showed higher efficacy (p ≤ 0.05) than benzimidazoles. For ewe tests, moxidectin and levamisole showed efficiencies >75%. Haemonchus spp. and Trichostrongylus spp. were the most frequent nematodes before treatments and the genus Haemonchus was the most prevalent after anthelmintic treatments (p < 0.05). Variations of anthelmintic susceptibility were observed for categories and herds evaluated, which emphasizes the importance of the effectiveness tests for the choice of anthelmintics for ewes and lambs.

Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Helmintíase Animal/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Ovinos/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Helmintíase Animal/epidemiologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Masculino , Período Periparto , Prevalência , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia , Clima Tropical
Vet Res Commun ; 41(2): 99-106, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28144765


OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects in vitro and in vivo of Agaricus blazei against Haemonchus contortus in sheep. METHODS: The in vitro efficacy of aqueous extract on egg hatching inhibition (EHI) was investigated and after 72 h incubation with varying concentrations the effects on, blastomeres, embryonated eggs, and first stage larvae (L1) were evaluated. Larval development inhibition (LDI) for dry powder and the aqueous extract were evaluated in fecal cultures of sheep infected with H. contortus. In vivo efficacy was determined by reduction in fecal egg count (FEC). Lambs were treated with powder A. blazei (11.4 g/kg pc) or trichlorfon, or were untreated and the possible toxicity of this fungus was monitored by plasmatic enzyme analysis. RESULTS: Concentrations equal to and higher than 3.62 mg/mL and of aqueous extract were 100% effective in the EHI test. In the LDI test, LC90 was estimated for 5.66 and 106.0 mg/g fecal culture for aqueous extract and powder, respectively. The mean FEC in lambs 14 days post-treatment with A. blazei powder was significantly lower than observed for the negative control, and the serum levels of aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase were normal. CONCLUSION: The fungi supplementation promotes, respectively, high and moderate anthelmintic efficacy with in vitro and in vivo tests, respectively, suggesting it as an alternative or complementary treatment for haemonchosis in sheep.

Agaricus , Agentes de Controle Biológico/uso terapêutico , Hemoncose/veterinária , Haemonchus , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia , Animais , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Hemoncose/prevenção & controle , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas/veterinária , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/prevenção & controle
Parasitol Res ; 102(3): 389-95, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18060430


Sera of ten dogs infected with Angiostrongylus vasorum were analyzed by immunoblotting proteins of first stage larvae (L1) and adult parasites. The molecular weights (m.w.) of the principal L1 proteins identified by IgG, IgM, IgA, and IgE were 18-118 kDa and those of the adult parasite were 28-209 kDa. The L1 proteins had not been recognized by IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies in sera of dogs naturally infected with Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma caninum, and Dipylidium caninum, although only weakly by IgE. Adult parasite proteins were recognized by antibodies in sera of dogs naturally infected with gastrointestinal helminths. Adult parasite proteins with m.w. of approximately 51, 63, 92, and 209 kDa recognized by IgG could be used for specific diagnosis of canine angiostrongylosis.

Angiostrongylus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Helminto/análise , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/imunologia , Antígenos de Helmintos/análise , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães/parasitologia , Larva , Peso Molecular , Infecções por Strongylida/veterinária
Parasitol Res ; 94(3): 201-6, 2004 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15480784


The present study was carried out to evaluate the action of Steinernema glaseri Santa Rosa strain and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora CCA strain as biological control agents of Boophilus microplus. Engorged females ticks were distributed on Petri dishes containing different concentrations of infective juvenile (IJ) nematodes (0, 375, 500, 750, 1,500, 2,500, 5,000 and 25,000). The data showed a reduction of approximately 90% in the eggs laid at a concentration of 5,000 S. glaseri IJs and approximately 80% at a concentration of 1,500 H. bacteriophora IJs. The female mortality increased linearly with the increase in S. glaseri concentrations. However, in the tests with H. bacteriophora this linearity was not observed. The effectiveness of the treatment with both species of entomopathogenic nematodes was compatible with other control methods. The results show the potential of S. glaseri and H. bacteriophora as biological control agents for the control of B. microplus under laboratory conditions.

Ixodidae/parasitologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Rabditídios/patogenicidade , Rhabditoidea/patogenicidade , Animais , Feminino , Ixodidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ixodidae/fisiologia , Oviposição , Especificidade da Espécie