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1.
Public Health Nurs ; 41(3): 589-601, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the factors associated with the practice of chemsex among MSM in Brazil, especially during the Mpox health crisis, and to design effective prevention and intervention strategies specifically for this population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and analytical study using an electronic survey, conducted from September to December 2022, during the peak of the Mpox outbreak in Brazil. SAMPLE: A total of 1452 MSM aged 18 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected via the REDCap platform through a survey with 46 questions. These addressed demographic data, sexual affiliations, practices, experiences with Mpox, healthcare service usage, and stigma or fear related to Mpox. RESULTS: The prevalence of chemsex was 19.42% (n = 282). Multivariate Poisson modeling indicated a high incidence of chemsex among those diagnosed with Mpox and those involved in high-risk behaviors. The practice of chemsex was six times higher among those diagnosed with Mpox (95% CI: 4.73-9.10). MSM who engage in bugchasing had a prevalence twice that of the main outcome (95% CI: 1.31-3.16). CONCLUSION: There is a significant need for targeted interventions for MSM in Brazil, especially given the Mpox outbreak. This study highlights the strong relationships between chemsex, experiences with Mpox, and various sexual behaviors, underscoring the importance of effective public health initiatives.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Varíola dos Macacos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Masculino , Humanos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sexual , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
2.
Belitung Nurs J ; 10(1): 96-104, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425679

RESUMO

Background: Men's health is influenced by a complex interplay of social, economic, and cultural determinants. Understanding how these aspects affect the health of adult cisgender men in medium and high-complexity healthcare settings is essential for improving healthcare services and promoting better health outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the health status of adult cisgender men in medium and high-complexity healthcare settings based on social determinants and conditioners. Methods: This study employed a qualitative design involving 45 adult cisgender men receiving care in medium/high complexity services in Bahia, Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from July 2019 to February 2020, and data were interpreted based on Dahlgren and Whitehead's Model of Social Determinants of Health using deductive thematic analysis. Results: Proximal determinants included biological aspects, preventive behaviors, lifestyle/social life, and aging processes. Intermediate factors included work conditions, access/utilization of healthcare services/medications, and psychosocial factors. Macro determinants involved income distribution, power dynamics, resource allocation, health inequalities/iniquities, morbidity, culture, political decisions, environmental factors, and structural elements. Conclusion: The health status of men in medium/high complexity care was profoundly influenced by structural social determinants. These determinants impacted healthcare attention, service organization, cultural influences, the reproduction of hegemonic masculinity patterns, lifestyle, social support, and socioeconomic conditions necessary to realize the right to health. Nursing practices should conduct comprehensive assessments that extend beyond physical health indicators.

3.
Infect Dis Rep ; 16(1): 116-127, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391587

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the notification of new VL cases in Brazil in 2020. It is an ecological and time-series study (2015-2020) with spatial analysis techniques, whose units of analysis were the 5570 Brazilian municipalities. The study population consisted of all new cases of VL recorded between 2015 and 2020. The P-score was calculated to estimate the percentage variation in new VL cases. Global and local univariate Moran's Indices and retrospective space-time scan statistics were used in spatial and space-time analyses, respectively. It was expected that there would be 3627 new cases of VL in Brazil in 2020, but 1932 cases were reported (-46.73%). All Brazilian regions presented a negative percentage variation in the registration of new VL cases, with the Southeast (-54.70%), North (-49.97%), and Northeast (-44.22%) standing out. There was spatial dependence of the disease nationwide in both periods, before and during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. There was a significant reduction in the incidence of new VL cases in Brazil during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings reinforce the need for better preparedness of the health system, especially in situations of new epidemics.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38248571

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze the repercussions of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the health of male immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers in Brazil. A qualitative study involving 307 adult men living in Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted. Data were collected between August 2021 and March 2022 and interpreted based on the Transcultural Nursing Theory. Cultural care repercussions were identified in various dimensions: technological: changes in daily life and disruptions in routine; religious, philosophical, social, and cultural values: changes stemming from disrupted social bonds, religious practices, and sociocultural isolation; political: experiences of political partisanship, conflicts, government mismanagement, a lack of immigration policies, human rights violations, and xenophobia; educational/economic: challenges arising from economic impoverishment, economic insecurity, unemployment, language difficulties, and challenges in academic and literacy development during the pandemic. The persistence of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil had significant repercussions for the health of migrant men, resulting in a transcultural phenomenon that requires sensitive nursing care. Implications for nursing: the uniqueness of cultural care in nursing and health, as most of the repercussions found were mostly negative, contributed to the increase in social and health vulnerabilities.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente
5.
Ther Adv Infect Dis ; 10: 20499361231206918, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37900982

RESUMO

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a valuable tool in the response to the HIV epidemic, recommended for groups with a higher risk of HIV infection, such as men who have sex with men (MSM), particularly in the context of high-risk sexual behavior such as chemsex. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the prevalence and factors associated with the intention to use PrEP among MSM who engage in chemsex in Brazil and Portugal. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of a secondary dataset from a larger study conducted between January 2020 and May 2021 throughout Brazil and Portugal involving 1852 MSM who engage in chemsex. An initial descriptive analysis was performed to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies of independent variables related to the intention to use PrEP among MSM. A multivariate regression model was developed to identify factors independently associated with the intention to use PrEP. Results: Although a high level of PrEP knowledge (85.75%) was observed among MSM who engage in chemsex, the prevalence of intention to use PrEP was only 59.07%. Five variables were associated with a higher prevalence of intention to use PrEP [engaging in double penetration - adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR): 1.56, 95% CI: 1.44-1.69; being assigned female sex at birth - aPR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.12-1.61; cruising - aPR: 1.21, 95% CI: 1.06-1.38; not using condoms - aPR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.05-1.36; and being an immigrant - aPR: 1.16; 95% CI: 1.07-1.25], while having knowledge of postexposure prophylaxis (aPR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.84-0.98), having a casual sexual partner (aPR: 0.86 and 0.85; 95% CI: 0.74-0.99 and 0.74-0.98), and engaging in group sex (aPR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.73-0.90) were associated with a lower intention to use PrEP. Conclusion: The intention to use PrEP among MSM who engage in chemsex was high, and several factors were associated with this intention. Understanding the factors associated with the intention to use PrEP among MSM practicing chemsex is crucial for developing targeted interventions to increase PrEP uptake in this population. The results of this study suggest that tailored approaches are necessary to promote PrEP use in this population.

6.
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care ; 34(6): 548-565, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37815844

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the sexual practices of men ages 50 years or older who have sex with men (MSM) and factors influencing their predisposition to use preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Brazil and Portugal with 718 MSM. Of these, 278 (38.7%) were categorized as being at high risk for HIV based on the HIV Incidence Risk Index (HIRI), and 418 (58.2%) expressed a predisposition to use PrEP. Overall, sociodemographic factors and specific sexual practices increased the likelihood of being classified as high risk for HIV, particularly sexual position and sexual activity. However, factors that influenced the predisposition to use PrEP included age group, receptive anal sex, knowledge of postexposure prophylaxis, high HIRI score, and a history of syphilis. These findings underscore the urgent need for health services to provide comprehensive and adequate attention to the realities of this population, considering its complexities and specificities.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Transversais , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Comportamento Sexual
7.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1198339, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37663850

RESUMO

Introduction: Investigating the use and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in MSM is a global health priority in the fight against HIV. Strategies must be capable of increasing usage and reaching not only the population living in the country but also those who immigrate, who face additional vulnerabilities. Based on this, in this observational, cross-sectional, and analytical study, our aim is to analyze the use of PrEP among Brazilian men who have sex with men, whether they are migrants or not. We aim to highlight preventive opportunities and strategies for the global health scenario. Methods: We utilized a sample of Brazilians living in the country and Brazilian immigrants residing in Portugal, one of the main destinations for Brazilians in recent years. To estimate the prevalence ratio (PR) of PrEP use, we employed the Poisson regression model with robust variance estimation using a covariance matrix. Results: A total of 1,117 Brazilian MSM PrEP users participated in this study, with 788 residing in Brazil and 328 in Portugal. Multivariate analysis was conducted in three stages: overall, and for subgroups of residents in Brazil and immigrants in Portugal. We identified four convergent factors that increased the prevalence of PrEP use in Brazilians regardless of migration status: having two or more casual sexual partners per month, engaging in challenging sexual practices as the receptive partner, disclosing serological status on apps, and being single. Among native Brazilians, four unique factors stood out: being in a polyamorous relationship, having sexual relations with unknown casual partners, and having higher levels of education. Discussion: This study highlights the need to implement strategies to strengthen PrEP adherence in Brazil and create international programs that facilitate its usage among populations migrating between these two countries.


Assuntos
Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Estudos Transversais
8.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(10)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696275

RESUMO

COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy (VH) has caused concerns due to the possible fluctuations that may occur directly impacting the control of the pandemic. In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with COVID-19 VH in Portuguese-speaking countries. We developed a web survey (N:6,843) using an online, structured, and validated questionnaire. We used Measurement Models, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Exploratory Structural Equation Models, and Confirmatory Factor Analysis for the data analysis. The overall prevalence of COVID-19 VH in Portuguese-speaking countries was 21.1%. showed a statistically significant direct effect for VH: vaccine-related conspiracy beliefs (VB) (ß = 0.886), perceived stress (PS) (ß = 0.313), COVID-19 Misinformation (MIS) (ß = 0.259) and individual responses to COVID-19 (CIR) (ß = -0.122). The effect of MIS and CIR for VH was greater among men and of PS and VB among women; the effect of PS was greater among the youngest and of VB and CIR among the oldest. No discrepant differences were identified in the analyzed education strata. In conclusion, we found that conspiracy beliefs related to the vaccine strongly influence the decision to hesitate (not to take or to delay the vaccine). Specific characteristics related to gender, age group, social and cognitive vulnerabilities, added to the knowledge acquired, poorly substantiated and/or misrepresented about the COVID-19 vaccine, need to be considered in the planning of vaccination campaigns. It is necessary to respond in a timely, fast, and accurate manner to the challenges posed by vaccine hesitancy.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574508

RESUMO

The practice of sex with casual partners without the use of adequate prevention in the period of social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) can expose them to the risk of infection by the HIV virus. To assess this, we conducted an online survey in April and May 2020 in the entire national territory of Brazil and Portugal. We used the snowball technique for sampling, associated with circulation in social networks, totaling 2934 participants. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to produce the adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR). Eight-hundred-and-forty-two (28.7%) MSM presented at-risk sexual exposure in this period. In general, the types of sexual practices that most increased the chances of sexual exposure were having multiple partners (aOR:14.045); having practiced chemsex (aOR:2.246) and group sex (aOR:2.431), as well as presenting a history of at-risk sexual exposure (aOR:5.136). When we consider each country separately, the chances are increased in Brazil since the probability of the outcome was increased in those who practiced group sex (aOR:5.928), had multiple partners (aOR:19.132), and reported a sexual history of at-risk exposure (aOR:8.861). Our findings indicate that practices that are classically associated with greater chances of engaging in risky sexual exposure to HIV infection were the factors that most increased the chances of acquiring the virus in the pandemic context.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the extent to which Brazilian and Portuguese Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) had casual sex partners outside their homes during the period of sheltering in place for the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in Brazil and Portugal in April, during the period of social isolation for COVID-19, with a sample of 2361 MSMs. Recruitment was done through meeting apps and Facebook. RESULTS: Most of the sample (53.0%) had casual sex partners during sheltering. Factors that increased the odds of engaging in casual sex in Brazil were having group sex (aOR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.4), living in an urban area (aOR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2), feeling that sheltering had a high impact on daily life (aOR 3.0, 95% CI 1.1-8.3), having casual instead of steady partners (aOR 2.5, 95% CI 1.8-3.5), and not decreasing the number of partners (aOR 6.5, 95% CI 4.2-10.0). In Portugal, the odds of engaging in casual sex increased with using Facebook to find partners (aOR 4.6, 95% CI 3.0-7.2), not decreasing the number of partners (aOR 3.8, 95% CI 2.9-5.9), usually finding partners in physical venues (pre-COVID-19) (aOR 5.4, 95% CI 3.2-8.9), feeling that the isolation had a high impact on daily life (aOR 3.0, 95% CI 1.3-6.7), and HIV-positive serostatus (aOR 11.7, 95% CI 4.7-29.2). Taking PrEP/Truvada to prevent COVID-19 was reported by 12.7% of MSM. CONCLUSIONS: The pandemic has not stopped most of our MSM sample from finding sexual partners, with high-risk sexual behaviors continuing.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Portugal , Assunção de Riscos , SARS-CoV-2 , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Cogit. Enferm. (Online) ; 23(1): 1-8, jan - mar. 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-879970

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico da coinfecção tuberculose e o vírus da imunodeficiência. Método: estudo descritivo, realizado com levantamento na base de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação no estado do Piauí, no período de 2007 a 2016. A coleta ocorreu por meio de instrumento contendo características sociodemográficas e relacionadas à coinfecção Tuberculose/vírus da imunodeficiência. Realizou- se análise descritiva simples. Resultados: A prevalência da coinfecção tuberculose e vírus da imunodeficiência foi de 6,1% pacientes (n=619). Os dados mostram a predominância de indivíduos do sexo masculino (n=467/ 75,4%), adultos com faixa etária entre 20 a 49 anos (n=492/ 79,5%) e pardos (n=457/ 73,8%). A forma clínica da tuberculose mais encontrada foi a pulmonar com n=412 (66,6%) casos. O percentual de cura dos destes pacientes foi de 60,8%. Conclusão: Os resultados apontaram uma alta prevalência dessa coinfecção e uma elevada detecção da infecção do vírus da imunodeficiência em pacientes com tuberculose (AU).


Objective: analyze the epidemiological profile of coinfection by tuberculosis and the immunodeficiency virus. Method: descriptive study, developed based on a survey in the database of the Disease Notification System in the State of Piauí between 2007 and 2016. The data were collected through an instrument with sociodemographic characteristics and data related to the coinfection by tuberculosis and the immunodeficiency virus. Simple descriptive analysis was applied. Results: The prevalence of coinfection by tuberculosis and the immunodeficiency virus amounted to 6.1% of the patients (n=619). The data show the predominance of male individuals (n=467/75.4%), adults between 20 and 49 years old (n=492/79.5%) and mulattos (n=457/ 73.8%). The most identified clinical form of tuberculosis was the pulmonary with n=412 (66.6%) cases. These patients' cure percentage corresponded to 60.8%. Conclusion: The results appointed a high prevalence of this coinfection and a high detection of the infection by the immunodeficiency virus in tuberculosis patients (AU).


Objetivo: analizar el perfil epidemiológico de la coinfección por la tuberculosis y el virus de la inmunodeficiencia. Método: estudio descriptivo con búsqueda en la base de datos del Sistema de Información de Agravios de Notificación en el estado de Piauí, en el período de 2007 a 2016. Los datos fueron recolectados mediante instrumento con características sociodemográficas y relacionadas a la coinfección Tuberculosis/virus de la inmunodeficiencia. Fue aplicado análisis descriptivo simple. Resultados: La prevalencia de la coinfección tuberculosis y virus de la inmunodeficiencia correspondió al 6,1% de los pacientes (n=619). Los datos muestran la predominancia de individuos del sexo masculino (n=467/75,4%), adultos con rango de edad entre 20 y 49 años (n=492/ 79,5%) y pardos (n=457/73,8%). La forma clínica de la tuberculosis más encontrada fue la pulmonar con n=412 (66,6%) casos. El porcentaje de cura de estos pacientes fue del 60,8%. Conclusión: Los resultados indicaron alta prevalencia de esa coinfección y alta detección de la coinfección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia en pacientes con tuberculosis (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Tuberculose , Epidemiologia , Prevalência , HIV , Coinfecção
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