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1.
Rev Clin Esp (Barc) ; 224(5): 288-299, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614320

RESUMO

In recent years, the interest in cardiac amyloidosis has grown exponentially. However, there is a need to improve our understanding of amyloidosis in order to optimise early detection systems. Therefore, it is crucial to incorporate solutions to improve the suspicion, diagnosis and follow-up of cardiac amyloidosis. In this sense, we designed a tool following the different phases to reach the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis, as well as an optimal follow-up: a) clinical suspicion, where the importance of the "red flags" to suspect it and activate the diagnostic process is highlighted; 2) diagnosis, where the diagnostic algorithm is mainly outlined; and 3) follow-up of confirmed patients. This is a practical resource that will be of great use to all professionals caring for patients with suspected or confirmed cardiac amyloidosis, to improve its early detection, as well as to optimise its accurate diagnosis and optimal follow-up.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Cardiomiopatias , Humanos , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Amiloidose/terapia , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Algoritmos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/terapia
2.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(12): e70-e73, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614903

RESUMO

Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRv amyloidosis) is a rare, progressive, and debilitating genetic disorder characterized by the deposition of abnormal transthyretin (TTR) protein aggregates in various tissues, leading to organ dysfunction. Early diagnosis of ATTRv amyloidosis is critical for starting timely interventions and improving patient outcomes. This review explores the concepts of "how early is enough" and "how early is possible" in the context of diagnosing ATTRv amyloidosis, highlighting the challenges and opportunities for early recognition.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Diagnóstico Precoce , Pré-Albumina , Humanos , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Pré-Albumina/genética
3.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(12): e64-e69, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616431

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transthyretin-related amyloidosis (ATTRv) is a progressive multisystem disorder, predominantly involving the peripheral nerve system (PNS) and heart. Quantification of small fiber damage may help guide treatment decisions, as amyloid deposits frequently affect those fibers early in disease course. Corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) is a promising method to monitor patients with ATTRv, due to similarities between corneal nerves and PNS, as the cornea is innervated by Aδ and C fibers. METHODS: We compared CCM measures from ATTRv patients to a group of healthy individuals, matched by age and gender. We then investigated the correlations between small fiber tests (SFT): CCM, LDI-Flare and CDT, COMPASS-31 and disability scales (RODS and ONLS) in patients. RESULTS: Of 20 patients (6 with V30M), mean age 50.3±15.3Y, 7 female (35%), six (30%) had polyneuropathy and 10 (50%) carpal tunnel syndrome. CDT was abnormal in 9 and LDI-flare in 6 patients. CCM was abnormal in 19 tested patients and significantly reduced when compared to controls (CNFL: 6.31±0.31 vs. 15.21±1.02mm/mm2, p<0.001). Mean COMPASS-31-scores were 22.27±22.84; RODS and ONLS were 38.15±12.33 and 2.05±2.3, with no significant differences between sub-group scores. Disease duration was significantly correlated with ONLS (0.43, p=0.05) and RODS (0.46, p=0.03). There were no significant correlations between measures of disability and SFT. CONCLUSIONS: In a diverse cohort of ATTRv patients, CCM was the most frequent abnormal measurement. CCM can be a useful test to triage patients in the early disease stages and with few or equivocal symptoms.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Córnea , Microscopia Confocal , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Idoso , Córnea/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/etiologia , Fibras Nervosas/patologia
4.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(7): e1-e7, abril 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232091

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La amiloidosis cardiaca (AC) es una patología asociada a un elevado número de ingresos hospitalarios. Dada la escasa información disponible al respecto, planteamos un análisis de la incidencia y las causas de hospitalización en esta enfermedad.Material y métodosSe evaluaron 143 pacientes (128 por transtiretina [AC-ATTR] y 15 por cadenas ligeras [AC-AL]) incluidos en el Registro de Amiloidosis Cardiaca de Galicia (AMIGAL), recogiendo todas sus hospitalizaciones.ResultadosDurante un seguimiento mediano de 959 días se produjeron 179 hospitalizaciones no programadas (tasa de incidencia [TI] 512,6 ingresos hospitalarios por 1.000 pacientes-año), siendo las más habituales las de causa cardiovascular (n=109, TI 312,2). El motivo individual de ingreso hospitalario más frecuente fue la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) (n=87, TI 249,2).La AC-AL se asoció con una TI de hospitalizaciones no programadas más elevada que la AC-ATTR (TI 781 vs. 483,2; HR 1,62; p=0,029) a expensas de las de causa no cardiovascular (TI 376 vs. 181,2; HR 2,07; p=0,027). La supervivencia libre de hospitalización no programada al año y a los tres años en la AC-AL fue menor que en la AC-ATTR (46,7 y 20,0% vs. 73,4 y 35,2%, respectivamente; p=0,021). (AU)


Introduction and objetives: Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a disorder associated with high number of hospital admissions. Given the scarce information available, we propose an analysis of the incidence and causes of hospitalization in this disease.Material and methodsOne hundred and forty-three patients [128 by transthyretin (ATTR-CA) and 15 by light chains (AL-CA)] included in Registro de Amiloidosis Cardiaca de Galicia (AMIGAL) were evaluated, including all hospitalizations.ResultsDuring a median follow-up of 959 days there were 179 unscheduled hospitalizations [incidence rate (IR) 512.6 admissions per 1000 patients-year], most common due to cardiovascular reasons (n=109, IR 312.2). Most frequent individual cause of hospitalization was heart failure (n=87, TI 249.2).AL-CA was associated with a higher IR of unscheduled hospitalizations than ATTR-CA (IR 781 vs. 483.2; HR 1.62; p=0,029) due to non-cardiovascular admissions (IR 376 vs. 181.2; HR 2.07; p=0.027). Unscheduled admission-free survival at 1 and 3 years in AL-CA was inferior than in ATTR-CA (46.7% and 20.0% vs. 73.4% and 35.2%, respectively; p=0.021). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/epidemiologia , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/terapia , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização , Pré-Albumina
5.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 94(1): 71-78, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic stenosis (AS) is currently the most common valvular disease, with an estimated prevalence of over 4% in octogenarians. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of moderate-severe aortic stenosis (AS) in patients with wild type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt). Also, describe the clinical features, echocardiographic characteristics and clinical evolution. METHOD: Retrospective cohort of patients with diagnosis of ATTRwt, belonging to Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires Institutional Amyloidosis Registry, from 30/11/2007 to 31/05/2021. Patients follow up was carried out through the institution clinical history. The prevalence of moderate-severe AE was estimated and presented as a percentage with its 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The characteristics were compared by groups according to whether or not they had moderate-severe AS. RESULTS: 104 patients with ATTRwt were included. Median follow up was 476 days [interquartile range: 192-749]. Moderate-severe AS prevalence at the ATTRwt time of diagnosis was 10.5% (n = 11; 95% CI: 5-18%). The median age of patients with AS moderate-severe at the time of diagnosis of ATTRwt was 86 years [78-91] and the male sex predominated (82%). Most of the patients had a history of heart failure (n = 8) and atrial fibrillation (n = 8) prior to the diagnosis of ATTRwt. Most of the patients were subclassified as low flow low gradient severe AS group (n = 7). Four patients underwent some intervention on the aortic valve. During follow-up, 5 patients (46%) were hospitalized for decompensated heart failure and 4 (36%) died. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort, the coexistence of both pathologies had a similar prevalence as reported in the international literature. It was an elderly population with a high percentage of atrial fibrillation and history of heart failure. Most of the patients presented with severe AS with low flow low gradient.


ANTECEDENTES: La estenosis aórtica (EA) es actualmente la enfermedad valvular más frecuente, con una prevalencia estimada de más del 4 % en octogenarios. OBJETIVO: Describir la prevalencia de estenosis aórtica (EA) moderada-grave en pacientes con amiloidosis por transtiretina wild type (ATTRwt). Además, describir las características clínicas, ecocardiográficas y la evolución en este grupo de pacientes. MÉTODO: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con diagnóstico de ATTRwt, pertenecientes al Registro Institucional de Amiloidosis del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, en el periodo del 30/11/2007 al 31/05/2021. El seguimiento de los pacientes se realizó a través de la historia clínica electrónica de la institución. Se estimó la prevalencia de EA moderada-grave, que se presenta como porcentaje con su intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC 95%). Se compararon las características por grupos según tuvieran o no EA moderada-grave. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 104 pacientes con diagnóstico de ATTRwt. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 476 días [rango intercuartílico: 192-749]. La prevalencia de EA moderada-grave al momento del diagnóstico de ATTRwt fue del 10.5% (n = 11; IC95%: 5-18%). La mediana de edad de los pacientes con EA fue de 86 años [78-91] y predominó el sexo masculino (81.8%). La mayoría de los pacientes tenían el antecedente de insuficiencia cardiaca (n = 8) y fibrilación auricular (n = 8). Predominaron los pacientes con EA grave de bajo flujo y bajo gradiente (n = 7). Cuatro pacientes fueron sometidos a alguna intervención en la válvula aórtica. Durante el seguimiento, 5 pacientes (46%) tuvieron internaciones por insuficiencia cardiaca descompensada y 4 (36%) fallecieron. CONCLUSIONES: En nuestra cohorte, la coexistencia de ambas patologías tuvo una prevalencia similar a la reportada en la literatura internacional. Se trató de una población añosa con alto porcentaje de fibrilación auricular y antecedente de insuficiencia cardiaca. La mayoría presentaron EA grave de bajo flujo y bajo gradiente.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Prevalência , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/complicações , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia
6.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(9): e27-e32, 2024 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556397

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tafamidis is the only approved transthyretin stabiliser approved for the treatment of variant transthyretin amyloidosis (A-ATTRv) related polyneuropathy (PNP). The aim of this study is to analyse the effectiveness of tafamidis in a real-world setting in Spain. METHODS: This is a national multicenter study in which patients with V30M A-ATTR related PN treated with tafamidis for at least 1 year were included. Clinical, demographic, analytical and neurophysiological variables were analysed. RESULTS: 100 patients were recruited. Overall, 47 patients (47%) were classified as complete responders, 32 (32%) as partial responders and 21 (21%) as non-responders. The median duration of treatment with tafamidis was 35 months. Better treatment response was shown in patients with in polyneuropathy disability score (PND) I, lower neuropathy impairment score (NIS), compound muscle action potential (CMAP) and Norfolk QoL questionnaire. Higher albumin levels and lower NTproBNP levels were also associated with better treatment response. A basal NIS≥15 predicts that the patient could be a non-responder with a 60% probability. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reinforce the tafamidis efficacy to treat A-ATTRv-PNP if started early in the disease course. Patients with the V30M variant, NIS<15 and PND I are the most appropriate subjects for this treatment.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Benzoxazóis , Polineuropatias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Benzoxazóis/uso terapêutico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/tratamento farmacológico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/complicações , Espanha , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polineuropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Polineuropatias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Pré-Albumina/genética , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue
7.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(5): 205-212, Mar. 2024. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-230913

RESUMO

Introducción: Un porcentaje importante de pacientes finalmente diagnosticados de amiloidosis cardIaca por transtirretina (ATTR) fueron previamente diagnosticados de cardiopatía hipertensiva (CHTA), ya que ambas enfermedades suelen cursar con insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) con fracción de eyección preservada (ICFEp) e hipertrofia ventricular. Nuestros objetivos fueron evaluar las diferencias clínicas, electrocardiográficas y ecocardiográficas, y analizar si existe un pronóstico diferencial entre ambas entidades nosológicas. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron retrospectivamente todos los pacientes con CHTA a los que se solicitó una gammagrafía cardíaca con 99mTc-Difosfonatos (GDPD) y estudio de cadenas ligeras en sangre y orina para despistaje de ATTR en nuestro centro, en el periodo 2016-2021. Para el análisis, se excluyeron aquellos diagnosticados de otros tipos de amiloidosis. Resultados: Se analizaron un total de 72 pacientes: 33 fueron diagnosticados de ATTR y 39 de CHTA, finalmente. Los pacientes con ATTR presentaron mayores niveles de troponina I ultrasensible (TnI-US) y propéptido natriurético cerebral N-terminal (NT-ProBNP); en electrocardiograma (ECG) presentaron más frecuentemente patrón de seudoinfarto y alteraciones de la conducción; en ecocardiograma transtorácico (ETT) presentaron mayor grado de hipertrofia ventricular, disfunción ventricular izquierda y parámetros de peor función diastólica, con presiones de llenado más elevadas. En el seguimiento a 4 años, el grupo de ATTR mostró mayor necesidad de marcapasos (MCP), sin evidenciarse evidencias en cuanto a mortalidad, desarrollo de fibrilación auricular o más ingresos por IC. Conclusiones: En nuestra serie, los pacientes con ATTR presentaron diferencias clínicas, electrocardiográficas y ecocardiográficas respecto a aquellos con CHTA, con mayor riesgo necesidad de MCP en el seguimiento.(AU)


Introduction: A significant percentage of patients eventually diagnosed with cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis (TTRA) was previously diagnosed with hypertensive heart disease (HHD), since both conditions usually present with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and ventricular hypertrophy. Our objectives were to evaluate the clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic differences, and to analyse whether there exists a differential prognosis between these two nosological entities. Materials and methods: We retrospectively included all patients with HHD for whom a cardiac scintigraphy with 99mTc-diphosphonate (GDPD) and a free light chains test in blood and urine were ordered for ATTR screening in our centre, in the period between 2016 and 2021. Those diagnosed with other types of amyloidosis were excluded from the analysis. Results: A total of 72 patients were analyzed: 33 were finally diagnosed with TTRA and 39 with CHTA. Patients with TTRA had higher levels of ultrasensitive troponin I (TnI-US) and N-terminal brain natriuretic propeptide (NT-ProBNP); in electrocardiography (ECG) they presented a pseudo-infarction pattern more frequently as well as conduction disturbances; in echocardiography (TTE) they presented a higher degree of ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular dysfunction and worse diastolic function parameters, with elevated filling pressures. In the 4-year follow-up, the ATTR group showed greater need for pacemaker (PCM), with no evidence regarding mortality, development of atrial fibrillation (AF), or more admissions for heart failure (HF). Conclusions: In our series, patients with TTRA showed clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic differences compared to patients with HHD, with increased risk of need for PCM.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Amiloidose , Cardiopatias , Pré-Albumina , Prognóstico , Marca-Passo Artificial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cintilografia , Estudos Longitudinais , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva
8.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(7): e1-e7, 2024 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423944

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJETIVES: Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a disorder associated with high number of hospital admissions. Given the scarce information available, we propose an analysis of the incidence and causes of hospitalization in this disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-three patients [128 by transthyretin (ATTR-CA) and 15 by light chains (AL-CA)] included in Registro de Amiloidosis Cardiaca de Galicia (AMIGAL) were evaluated, including all hospitalizations. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 959 days there were 179 unscheduled hospitalizations [incidence rate (IR) 512.6 admissions per 1000 patients-year], most common due to cardiovascular reasons (n=109, IR 312.2). Most frequent individual cause of hospitalization was heart failure (n=87, TI 249.2). AL-CA was associated with a higher IR of unscheduled hospitalizations than ATTR-CA (IR 781 vs. 483.2; HR 1.62; p=0,029) due to non-cardiovascular admissions (IR 376 vs. 181.2; HR 2.07; p=0.027). Unscheduled admission-free survival at 1 and 3 years in AL-CA was inferior than in ATTR-CA (46.7% and 20.0% vs. 73.4% and 35.2%, respectively; p=0.021). CONCLUSIONS: CA was associated with high incidence of hospitalizations, being heart failure the most frequent individual cause; unscheduled admission-free survival in AL-CA was lower than in ATTR-CA due mostly to non-cardiovascular admissions.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Cardiomiopatias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina , Humanos , Incidência , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/epidemiologia , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/terapia , Pré-Albumina , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hospitalização , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia
9.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296161

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/systolic pulmonary artery pressure (TAPSE/SPAP) ratio is a noninvasive surrogate of right ventricular to pulmonary circulation that has prognostic implications in patients with heart failure (HF) or pulmonary hypertension. Our purpose was to evaluate the prognostic value of the TAPSE/SPAP ratio in patients with cardiac amyloidosis. METHODS: We used the database of the AMIGAL study, a prospective, observational registry of patients with cardiac amyloidosis recruited in 7 hospitals of the Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain, from January 1, 2018 to October 31, 2022. We selected patients whose baseline TAPSE/SPAP ratio was calculated with transthoracic echocardiography. Long-term survival and survival free of HF hospitalization were assessed by means of 5 different multivariable Cox regression models. Median follow-up was 680 days. RESULTS: We studied 233 patients with cardiac amyloidosis, among whom 209 (89.7%) had transthyretin type. The baseline TAPSE/SPAP ratio correlated significantly with clinical outcomes. Depending on the multivariable model considered, the adjusted hazard ratios estimated per 0.1mm/mmHg increase of baseline TAPSE/SPAP ratio ranged from 0.76 to 0.84 for all-cause mortality. Similarly, the ratios for all-cause mortality of HF hospitalization ranged from 0.79 to 0.84. The addition of the baseline TAPSE/SPAP ratio to the predictive model of the United Kingdom National Amyloidosis Centre resulted in an increase in Harrell's c-statistic from 0.662 to 0.705 for all-cause mortality and from 0.668 to 0.707 for all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced TAPSE/SPAP ratio is an independent adverse prognostic marker in patients with cardiac amyloidosis.

10.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(2): 60-63, ene. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-504

RESUMO

Introducción Carecemos de estudios que evalúen la presencia de amiloidosis cardiaca (AC) en pacientes con estenosis de canal lumbar (ECL). La identificación de banderas rojas (BR) asociadas a la enfermedad podría identificar casos de AC. Nuestro objetivo principal fue determinar la prevalencia de BR de AC. Métodos Estudio transversal de casos consecutivos que presentaban ECL e hipertrofia del ligamento amarillo (HLA). Se realizó una valoración que incluía electrocardiograma, ecocardiograma y análisis de sangre y orina. Se definió como sospecha de AC la presencia de hipertrofia ventricular y alguna BR. Resultados Se evaluaron 103 pacientes con ECL y HLA. La prevalencia de BR de AC fue elevada: insuficiencia cardiaca, 18,4%; estenosis aórtica, 1,9%; síndrome del túnel carpiano, 7,8%; rotura tendinosa bicipital, 1,9%; hipotensión arterial, 17,4%; clínica de neuropatía, 51,5%; patrón de pseudoinfarto, 3,9%; bajos voltajes, 15,5%; trastorno de la conducción, 15,5%; disminución del strain longitudinal, 25,3%; preservación apical del strain, 3,9%. El 57,3% de los pacientes presentaron sospecha de AC. Conclusión La prevalencia de BR de AC en pacientes con ECL es alta. Un elevado número de pacientes presentaron criterios de sospecha de AC. (AU)


Introduction Studies addressing the prevalence of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) among patients with spinal stenosis (SS) are lacking. The identification of the red flags (RF) of CA could lead to early detection of cases of CA. The primary objective of this study was to address the prevalence of RF of CA among patients with SS. Methods Transversal study including consecutive cases with SS and yellow ligament hypertrophy (YLH). A clinical assessment that included electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and urine and blood test was performed. A clinical suspicion of CA was defined by the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy plus any RF. Results One hundred and three patients with SS and YLH were assessed. The prevalence of RF was high: heart failure: 18.4%; aortic stenosis: 1.9%; carpal tunnel syndrome: 7.8%; bicipital tendon rupture: 1.9%; arterial hypotension: 17.4%; polyneuropathy symptoms: 51.5%; pseudoinfarction pattern: 3.9%; low voltages: 15.5%; conduction abnormalities: 15.5%; decreased longitudinal strain: 25.3%; apical sparing pattern: 3.9%. The 57.3% of the cohort met the CA suspicion criteria. Conclusion The prevalence of RF of CA is high among patients with SS and YLH. A high proportion of patients met the CA suspicion criteria. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Constrição Patológica , Amiloidose/complicações , Estudos Transversais
11.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(2): 60-63, ene. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229886

RESUMO

Introducción Carecemos de estudios que evalúen la presencia de amiloidosis cardiaca (AC) en pacientes con estenosis de canal lumbar (ECL). La identificación de banderas rojas (BR) asociadas a la enfermedad podría identificar casos de AC. Nuestro objetivo principal fue determinar la prevalencia de BR de AC. Métodos Estudio transversal de casos consecutivos que presentaban ECL e hipertrofia del ligamento amarillo (HLA). Se realizó una valoración que incluía electrocardiograma, ecocardiograma y análisis de sangre y orina. Se definió como sospecha de AC la presencia de hipertrofia ventricular y alguna BR. Resultados Se evaluaron 103 pacientes con ECL y HLA. La prevalencia de BR de AC fue elevada: insuficiencia cardiaca, 18,4%; estenosis aórtica, 1,9%; síndrome del túnel carpiano, 7,8%; rotura tendinosa bicipital, 1,9%; hipotensión arterial, 17,4%; clínica de neuropatía, 51,5%; patrón de pseudoinfarto, 3,9%; bajos voltajes, 15,5%; trastorno de la conducción, 15,5%; disminución del strain longitudinal, 25,3%; preservación apical del strain, 3,9%. El 57,3% de los pacientes presentaron sospecha de AC. Conclusión La prevalencia de BR de AC en pacientes con ECL es alta. Un elevado número de pacientes presentaron criterios de sospecha de AC. (AU)


Introduction Studies addressing the prevalence of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) among patients with spinal stenosis (SS) are lacking. The identification of the red flags (RF) of CA could lead to early detection of cases of CA. The primary objective of this study was to address the prevalence of RF of CA among patients with SS. Methods Transversal study including consecutive cases with SS and yellow ligament hypertrophy (YLH). A clinical assessment that included electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and urine and blood test was performed. A clinical suspicion of CA was defined by the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy plus any RF. Results One hundred and three patients with SS and YLH were assessed. The prevalence of RF was high: heart failure: 18.4%; aortic stenosis: 1.9%; carpal tunnel syndrome: 7.8%; bicipital tendon rupture: 1.9%; arterial hypotension: 17.4%; polyneuropathy symptoms: 51.5%; pseudoinfarction pattern: 3.9%; low voltages: 15.5%; conduction abnormalities: 15.5%; decreased longitudinal strain: 25.3%; apical sparing pattern: 3.9%. The 57.3% of the cohort met the CA suspicion criteria. Conclusion The prevalence of RF of CA is high among patients with SS and YLH. A high proportion of patients met the CA suspicion criteria. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Constrição Patológica , Amiloidose/complicações , Estudos Transversais
12.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 77(1): 79-87, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37696332

RESUMO

Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) refers to an infiltrative process involving amyloid fibril deposition in the myocardium causing restrictive cardiomyopathy. While various types can affect the heart, the predominant forms are immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis and transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis. This review article explores the expanding field of imaging techniques used to diagnose AL-CA and ATTR-CA, highlighting their usefulness in prognostication and disease surveillance. Echocardiography is often the initial imaging modality to suspect CA and, since the incorporation of nonbiopsy criteria using bone scintigraphy, diagnosing ATTR-CA has become more attainable following exclusion of plasma cell dyscrasia. Cardiac magnetic resonance is progressively emerging as a vital tool for imaging CA, and is used in diagnosis, prognostication, and disease surveillance. The use of cardiac magnetic resonance in AL-CA is discussed, as it has been shown to accurately evaluate organ response to chemotherapy. As novel drug treatments emerge in the realm of ATTR-CA, the use of cardiovascular imaging surveillance to monitor disease progression is discussed, as it is gaining prominence as a critical consideration. The ongoing phase III trials investigating treatments for patients with ATTR-CA, will undoubtedly enhance our understanding of cardiac imaging surveillance.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Cardiomiopatias , Humanos , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Coração , Miocárdio/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Amiloide , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo
13.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(5): 205-212, 2024 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38044190

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A significant percentage of patients eventually diagnosed with cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis (TTRA) was previously diagnosed with hypertensive heart disease (HHD), since both conditions usually present with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and ventricular hypertrophy. Our objectives were to evaluate the clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic differences, and to analyse whether there exists a differential prognosis between these two nosological entities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included all patients with HHD for whom a cardiac scintigraphy with 99mTc-diphosphonate (GDPD) and a free light chains test in blood and urine were ordered for ATTR screening in our centre, in the period between 2016 and 2021. Those diagnosed with other types of amyloidosis were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: A total of 72 patients were analyzed: 33 were finally diagnosed with TTRA and 39 with CHTA. Patients with TTRA had higher levels of ultrasensitive troponin I (TnI-US) and N-terminal brain natriuretic propeptide (NT-ProBNP); in electrocardiography (ECG) they presented a pseudo-infarction pattern more frequently as well as conduction disturbances; in echocardiography (TTE) they presented a higher degree of ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular dysfunction and worse diastolic function parameters, with elevated filling pressures. In the 4-year follow-up, the ATTR group showed greater need for pacemaker (PCM), with no evidence regarding mortality, development of atrial fibrillation (AF), or more admissions for heart failure (HF). CONCLUSIONS: In our series, patients with TTRA showed clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic differences compared to patients with HHD, with increased risk of need for PCM.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Fibrilação Atrial , Cardiomiopatias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipertensão , Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pré-Albumina , Volume Sistólico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/complicações , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia
14.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 162(2): 60-63, 2024 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37926653

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies addressing the prevalence of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) among patients with spinal stenosis (SS) are lacking. The identification of the red flags (RF) of CA could lead to early detection of cases of CA. The primary objective of this study was to address the prevalence of RF of CA among patients with SS. METHODS: Transversal study including consecutive cases with SS and yellow ligament hypertrophy (YLH). A clinical assessment that included electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and urine and blood test was performed. A clinical suspicion of CA was defined by the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy plus any RF. RESULTS: One hundred and three patients with SS and YLH were assessed. The prevalence of RF was high: heart failure: 18.4%; aortic stenosis: 1.9%; carpal tunnel syndrome: 7.8%; bicipital tendon rupture: 1.9%; arterial hypotension: 17.4%; polyneuropathy symptoms: 51.5%; pseudoinfarction pattern: 3.9%; low voltages: 15.5%; conduction abnormalities: 15.5%; decreased longitudinal strain: 25.3%; apical sparing pattern: 3.9%. The 57.3% of the cohort met the CA suspicion criteria. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of RF of CA is high among patients with SS and YLH. A high proportion of patients met the CA suspicion criteria.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Estenose Espinal , Humanos , Estenose Espinal/complicações , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico , Amiloidose/complicações , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Amiloidose/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Ligamentos
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 83(5): 813-815, dic. 2023. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534888

RESUMO

Resumen La amiloidosis por depósito de cadenas livianas de inmunoglobulinas (AL) es una enfermedad poco frecuen te y subdiagnosticada. El mejor tratamiento disponible al momento es el trasplante autólogo de médula ósea (TMO). El compromiso cardíaco es el principal determi nante pronóstico en esta patología y en ocasiones un impedimento para recibir el TMO. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 44 años que consultó por signos y síntomas de insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) con biomarcadores cardia cos elevados. Se realizó un ecocardiograma transtorácico donde se objetivó aumento de espesores parietales con hipoquinesia global y fracción de eyección deteriorada en grado leve (50%). El paciente se internó en unidad coronaria para balance negativo y para estudio etiológico del cuadro. Ante la sospecha de enfermedad infiltrativa, se solicitaron un centellograma óseo con pirofosfato y cadenas livianas libres en suero. El centellograma óseo resultó no sugestivo para amiloidosis por transtiretina y las cadenas livianas libres mostraron una relación me nor a 0.26 con predominio lambda. Se realizó una biopsia de encía que confirmó el diagnóstico de amiloidosis AL. Posterior al diagnóstico comenzó tratamiento qui mioterápico específico con Ciclofosfamida, Bortezomib y Dexametasona (esquema CYBORD) y Daratumumab. Evolucionó con IC refractaria por lo que ingresó a lista de trasplante cardiaco, recibiendo el mismo al poco tiempo con buena evolución. Esto permitió reiniciar el esquema quimioterápico y en segundo término finalmente recibir el TMO, con buena evolución.


Abstract Light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a rare and underdi agnosed disease. The best treatment available is au tologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Cardiac involvement is the main prognostic determinant in this pathology and sometimes an impediment to re ceive BMT. We present a clinical case of a 44-year-old who consulted for signs and symptoms of heart failure (HF) with elevated cardiac biomarkers. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed increased wall thickness with global hypokinesia and mildly impaired ejection fraction (50%). The patient was admitted to the coronary unit for treatment with diuretics and for etiological study of the condition. In view of the suspicion of infiltrative disease, a bone scintigraphy with pyrophosphate and free light chains in serum were requested. The bone scintigraphy was not suggestive of transthyretin amyloidosis and the free light chains showed a ratio of less than 0.26 with lambda predominance. A gum biopsy was per formed and confirmed the diagnosis of AL amyloidosis. After diagnosis, specific chemotherapy treatment with Cyclophosphamide, Bortezomib and Dexamethasone (CYBORD scheme) and Daratumumab was started. He evolved with refractory HF so it was decided to admit him to the cardiac transplantation list, receiving the same soon after, with good evolution. This allowed the patient to restart the chemotherapy regimen and finally receive BMT, with good evolution.

16.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 93(4): 435-441, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527721

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: Describir la evolución de las cadenas livianas libres séricas (CLL) en el período comprendido entre el trasplante cardíaco ortotópico (TCO) y el trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH), la respuesta hematológica al año tras el TCPH y el tratamiento quimioterápico e inmunosupresor en pacientes con amiloidosis AL. Método: Serie de casos de pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de amiloidosis AL que recibieron TCO seguido de TCPH del Registro Institucional de Amiloidosis del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre enero de 2010 y noviembre de 2021. Se reportaron los valores de CLL entre trasplantes y al año del TCPH. Las variables cuantitativas se describieron como mediana e intervalo intercuartil, y las variables categóricas como frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: De 106 pacientes con amiloidosis AL, seis tuvieron TCO seguido de TCPH. La mediana de edad fue de 55 años. La mayoría eran hombres (n = 5). En el período entre trasplantes, la CLL involucrada disminuyó en dos pacientes y se mantuvo estable en tres. Todos lograron la remisión hematológica completa al año del TCPH. Un solo paciente presentó recaída en el órgano sólido trasplantado. Tacrolimus, micofenolato de mofetilo y corticoides fue el esquema inmunosupresor utilizado después del TCO. Conclusiones: El TCO representa una opción de tratamiento en pacientes con falla cardíaca grave por amiloidosis, permitiendo luego un tratamiento intensivo con quimioterapia de inducción y TCPH. Si bien faltan estudios, la terapia inmunosupresora después del TCO podría tener algún efecto sobre las células plasmáticas clonales.


Abstract Objective: To describe the evolution of serum free light chains (FLC) in the period between orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), the hematological response one year after ASCT and chemotherapy and immunosuppressive treatment in patients with AL amyloidosis. Method: Case series of consecutive patients diagnosed with AL amyloidosis who received OHT followed by ASCT from the Institutional Registry of Amyloidosis of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, between January 2010 and November 2021. FLC values between transplants and at year post ASCT. Quantitative variables were described with their median and interquartile range. Categorical variables as absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Of 106 patients with AL amyloidosis, 6 had an OHT followed by ASCT. The median age was 55 years. Most were men (n = 5). In the period between transplants, the involved CLL decreased in two patients and remained stable in three. All achieved complete hematologic remission 1 year after ASCT. A single patient presented relapse in the transplanted solid organ. Tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids were the immunosuppressive regimen used after OHT. Conclusions: OHT represents a treatment option in patients with severe heart failure due to amyloidosis, allowing later intensive treatment with induction chemotherapy and ASCT. Although studies are lacking, immunosuppressive therapy after OHT might have some effect on clonal plasma cells.

17.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 161(11): 476-482, dic. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-228151

RESUMO

Background Descriptions on impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) are lacking. Our aim was to describe the prognosis of those patients. Methods Retrospective observational study of unvaccinated patients with CA who developed SARS-CoV-2 infection enrolled in eleven centres (March 2020 to May 2021). Descriptive analysis of basal characteristics, hospitalization, mortality, and severe clinical course was performed. Comparisons to a population-based control group were made. Results Forty-one patients were identified. Most patients had wild-type transthyretin CA (61%) and were on NYHA Class II–III (80.5%). CA patients were commonly hospitalized (73.2%) and those were more symptomatic than outpatients (p=0.035). The 24.4% of CA patients died as consequence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients with CA had an increased risk of hospitalization [OR 6.23 (3.05–12.74), p<0.001] and mortality [OR 2.18 (1.01–4.68), p=0.047] when compared to control population after adjustment by age and sex. After a medium follow-time of 311 days, 41.5% of the CA cohort died. Conclusions SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with high mortality and hospitalization rates in patients with CA, which exceed that expected by their sex and advanced age (AU)


Antecedentes El impacto de la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en pacientes con amiloidosis cardíaca (AC) es desconocido. El principal objetivo de este estudio es describir el pronóstico de estos pacientes. Métodos Estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes con AC no vacunados que desarrollaron infección por SARS-CoV-2 identificados en 11 centros (marzo 2020/mayo 2021). Se realiza un análisis descriptivo de características basales, hospitalización, mortalidad y curso clínico grave, y se comparan los resultados con una cohorte poblacional. Resultados Cuarenta y un pacientes fueron identificados. La mayoría eran AC por transtirretina wild-type (61%) y estaban en clase NYHA II-III (80,5%). La mayoría de los pacientes fueron hospitalizados (73,2%), los cuales tenían peor clase funcional que los ambulatorios (p=0,035). El 24,4% de los pacientes fallecieron como consecuencia de la infección. Los pacientes con AC tenían un mayor riesgo de hospitalización (OR: 6,23; 3.05-12.74; p<0,001) y fallecimiento (OR: 2,18; 1,01-4,68; p=0,047) que la cohorte poblacional tras ajuste por sexo y edad. Tras un seguimiento medio de 311 días, el 41,5% de los pacientes fallecieron. Conclusiones La infección por SARS-CoV-2 presenta alto riesgo de mortalidad y hospitalización en pacientes con AC, mayor que la esperada por su sexo y edad (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , /complicações , Amiloidose/complicações , Cardiopatias/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hospitalização
18.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (En línea) ; 43(4): 209-213, dic. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537564

RESUMO

La amiloidosis siempre ha representado un desafío diagnóstico. En el año 2020, el Grupo de Estudio de Amiloidosis (GEA), confeccionó la Guía de Práctica Clínica para el Diagnóstico de Amiloidosis. Nuevas líneas de investigación se han desarrollado posteriormente. Esta revisión narrativa tiene como intención explorar el estado del arte en el diagnóstico de la amiloidosis. En pacientes con amiloidosis se recomienda la tipificación de la proteína mediante espectrometría de masa, técnica de difícil ejecución por requerir de microdisectores láser para la preparación de la muestra. Algunas publicaciones recientes proponen otros métodos para obtener la muestra de amiloide que se va a analizar, permitiendo prescindir de la microdisección. Por otra parte, en pacientes con Amiloidosis ATTR confirmada, la recomendación de secuenciar el gen amiloidogénico se encontraba destinada a los casos sospechosos de ATTR hereditaria (ATTRv,), pero actualmente esta se ha extendido a todos los pacientes sin importar la edad. En lo que respecta a los estudios complementarios orientados al diagnóstico de compromiso cardíaco, se ha propuesto el uso de la inteligencia artificial para su interpretación, permitiendo la detección temprana de la enfermedad y el correcto diagnóstico diferencial. Para el diagnóstico de neuropatía, las últimas publicaciones proponen el uso de la cadena ligera de neurofilamento sérica, que también podría resultar un indicador útil para seguimiento. Finalmente, con referencia a la amiloidosis AL, la comunidad científica se encuentra interesada en definir qué características determinan el carácter amiloidogénico de las cadenas livianas. La N-glicosilación de dichas proteínas impresiona ser uno de los determinantes en cuestión. (AU)


Amyloidosis has always represented a diagnostic challenge. In 2020, the Amyloidosis Study Group (ASG) developed the "Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis of Amyloidosis". New lines of research have subsequently emerged. This narrative review aims to explore the state of the art in the diagnosis of amyloidosis diagnosis. In patients with amyloidosis, protein typing by mass spectrometry is recommended, a technique hard to perform because it requires laser microdissection for sample preparation. Recent publications propose other methods to obtain the amyloid sample to be analyzed, making it possible to dispense with microdissection. On the other hand, in patients with confirmed TTR amyloidosis (aTTR), the recommendation to sequence the amyloidogenic gene was intended for suspected cases of hereditary aTTR but has now been extended to all patients regardless of age. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Espectrometria de Massas , Biópsia , Glicosilação , Inteligência Artificial , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Eletrocardiografia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
19.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (En línea) ; 43(4): 214-218, dic. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537605

RESUMO

La amiloidosis AL es una enfermedad debida al depósito, en órganos y tejidos, de fibrillas formadas por cadenas livianas producidas de forma patológica por plasmocitos clonales. Su tratamiento actualmente está orientado a erradicar el clon de células plasmáticas; este históricamente se extrapoló de tratamientos disponibles y estudiados para otras discrasias sanguíneas. En el año 2020, el Grupo de Estudio de Amiloidosis (GEA) confeccionó distintas guías de práctica clínica para el tratamiento de la amiloidosis AL. Desde entonces se han publicado ensayos clínicos que arrojan contundencia al conocimiento disponible hasta el momento, y están en desarrollo nuevas líneas de investigación que robustecen y estimulan el estudio en el área. En esta revisión se realiza una actualización de las guías existentes en lo que respecta al tratamiento de la amiloidosis por cadenas livianas.Como evidencia de relevancia, en el último año estuvieron disponibles resultados de ensayos clínicos que respaldan el uso de esquemas basados en daratumumab (un anticuerpo monoclonal anti-CD38+) para pacientes con diagnóstico reciente de amiloidosis AL como primera línea. Además, para el tratamiento de la amiloidosis AL refractaria o recaída, la disponibilidad de bibliografía respaldatoria es escasa y extrapolada del tratamiento del mieloma múltiple; sin embargo, actualmente existe evidencia de calidad para recomendar el uso de ixazomib, un inhibidor de proteosoma reversible por vía oral disponible en la Argentina desde 2020. Por último, se mencionan algunas líneas de investigación con otros anticuerpos monoclonales y terapéuticas basadas en el uso de CAR-T cells. (AU)


AL amyloidosis is a disease caused by the deposit in different organs and tissues of protein fibrils formed by light chains synthetized by pathological clonal plasma cells. Its treatment is currently aimed at eradicating this plasma cell clone and it has been historically extrapolated from available and validated treatments for other blood dyscrasias. In 2020, the Amyloidosis Study Group prepared different clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of AL amyloidosis.Since then, clinical trials have been published that confirm and strengthen the knowledge available up to now, and new lines of research are being developed that stimulate study in the area. In this review, an update of the existing guidelines regarding the treatment of AL amyloidosis is made. As relevant evidence, in the last year, results of clinical trials have been made available that support the use of regimens based on Daratumumab (an anti-CD38+ monoclonal antibody) for patients with newly diagnosed AL amyloidosis as first line therapy. In addition, for the treatment of refractory or relapsed AL amyloidosis, where the availability of supporting literature is scant and extrapolated from the treatment of multiple myeloma, there is currently quality evidence to recommend the use of ixazomib, an oral reversible proteasome inhibitor, only available in Argentina since 2020. Finally, some research lines exploring the efficacy of other monoclonal antibodies and therapeutic experiments based on the use of CAR-T cells are mentioned. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Antígeno de Maturação de Linfócitos B/uso terapêutico , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas
20.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 93(4): 435-441, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37972368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the evolution of serum free light chains (FLC) in the period between orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), the hematological response one year after ASCT and chemotherapy and immunosuppressive treatment in patients with AL amyloidosis. METHOD: Case series of consecutive patients diagnosed with AL amyloidosis who received OHT followed by ASCT from the Institutional Registry of Amyloidosis of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, between January 2010 and November 2021. FLC values between transplants and at year post ASCT. Quantitative variables were described with their median and interquartile range. Categorical variables as absolute and relative frequencies. RESULTS: Of 106 patients with AL amyloidosis, 6 had an OHT followed by ASCT. The median age was 55 years. Most were men (n = 5). In the period between transplants, the involved CLL decreased in two patients and remained stable in three. All achieved complete hematologic remission 1 year after ASCT. A single patient presented relapse in the transplanted solid organ. Tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids were the immunosuppressive regimen used after OHT. CONCLUSIONS: OHT represents a treatment option in patients with severe heart failure due to amyloidosis, allowing later intensive treatment with induction chemotherapy and ASCT. Although studies are lacking, immunosuppressive therapy after OHT might have some effect on clonal plasma cells.


OBJETIVO: Describir la evolución de las cadenas livianas libres séricas (CLL) en el período comprendido entre el trasplante cardíaco ortotópico (TCO) y el trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH), la respuesta hematológica al año tras el TCPH y el tratamiento quimioterápico e inmunosupresor en pacientes con amiloidosis AL. MÉTODO: Serie de casos de pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de amiloidosis AL que recibieron TCO seguido de TCPH del Registro Institucional de Amiloidosis del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre enero de 2010 y noviembre de 2021. Se reportaron los valores de CLL entre trasplantes y al año del TCPH. Las variables cuantitativas se describieron como mediana e intervalo intercuartil, y las variables categóricas como frecuencias absolutas y relativas. RESULTADOS: De 106 pacientes con amiloidosis AL, seis tuvieron TCO seguido de TCPH. La mediana de edad fue de 55 años. La mayoría eran hombres (n = 5). En el período entre trasplantes, la CLL involucrada disminuyó en dos pacientes y se mantuvo estable en tres. Todos lograron la remisión hematológica completa al año del TCPH. Un solo paciente presentó recaída en el órgano sólido trasplantado. Tacrolimus, micofenolato de mofetilo y corticoides fue el esquema inmunosupresor utilizado después del TCO. CONCLUSIONES: El TCO representa una opción de tratamiento en pacientes con falla cardíaca grave por amiloidosis, permitiendo luego un tratamiento intensivo con quimioterapia de inducción y TCPH. Si bien faltan estudios, la terapia inmunosupresora después del TCO podría tener algún efecto sobre las células plasmáticas clonales.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/terapia , Transplante Autólogo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Amiloidose/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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