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1.
Enferm Clin (Engl Ed) ; 32(5): 326-333, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pain is termed as a subjective phenomenon, however almost all women acknowledge that labor pain is the most severe form of pain a woman experiences in her lifetime. Obstetric analgesia is underutilized in developing countries due to cultural myths and taboos. Hence, the present study aims to identify Nigerian women's knowledge of labor analgesia and to explore what myths and factors hinder with the use of analgesia in labor. METHOD: A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. The population of the study predominantly consisted of pregnant women from the «Yoruba ethnic group¼. An adapted semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain data from participants from selected Health Care Centers in Ekiti state, Nigeria. The collected data was analyzed using a descriptive and inferential statistics and was represented in form of tables and charts with level of significance set at p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: A total of 236 respondents were included in the study (n = 236). Findings from this study revealed that, the participants showed very poor knowledge on labor pain management strategies, with only 26.3% being aware of pain management strategies used in relieving labor pain. An elevated number of the participants (56.8%) believed that labor pain should not be relieved with the use of drugs, strongly agreeing that analgesia was «a sign ofweakness¼ (57.2%). Also, more than half (51.7%) of participants had fears that pain relief administered during labor can cause harm to the unborn baby. Belief that experiencing labor pain completes one's motherhood (49.6%), Religion (50.4%) and Culture (54.5%), were reported as factors influencing the uptake/acceptance of labor analgesia among participants. Furthermore statistical significant association was found between educational level of participants and knowledge of labor analgesia among participants (p value = 0.000; p ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cultural myths on the use of analgesia exist among participants. It is suggested that women-centered education should be targeted toward eliminating these myths and increasing awareness about labor analgesia.


Assuntos
Analgesia Obstétrica , Dor do Parto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Dor do Parto/tratamento farmacológico , Nigéria , Manejo da Dor , Gravidez
2.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(5): 326-333, Sep-Oct 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207827

RESUMO

Objetivo: El dolor se califica como un fenómeno subjetivo, sin embargo, casi todas las mujeres reconocen que el dolor de parto es la forma más severa de dolor que una mujer experimenta en su vida. La analgesia obstétrica está infrautilizada en los países en desarrollo debido a mitos y tabúes culturales. Por lo tanto, el presente estudio pretende identificar los conocimientos de las mujeres nigerianas sobre la analgesia del parto y explorar qué mitos y factores dificultan el uso de la analgesia en el parto. Método: En este estudio se adoptó un diseño cuantitativo descriptivo transversal. La población a estudio consistió predominantemente en mujeres embarazadas de la «etnia Yoruba». Se utilizó un cuestionario semiestructurado adaptado para obtener datos de las participantes de los centros de salud seleccionados en el estado de Ekiti, Nigeria. Los datos recogidos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial y se representaron en forma de tablas y gráficos. El nivel de significación estuvo fijado en p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Un total de 236 encuestadas fueron incluidas en el estudio (n = 236). Los resultados de este estudio revelaron que las participantes tenían un conocimiento muy pobre de las estrategias de tratamiento del dolor del parto, ya que solo 26,3% conocía las estrategias de tratamiento del dolor utilizadas para aliviar el dolor del parto. Un elevado número de las participantes (56,8%) creía que el dolor del parto no debía aliviarse con el uso de fármacos, estando muy de acuerdo en que la analgesia era «un signo de debilidad» (57,2%). Asimismo, más de la mitad (51,7%) de las participantes temían que el alivio del dolor administrado durante el parto pudiera causar daños al feto. La creencia de que experimentar el dolor del parto completa la maternidad (49,6%), la religión (50,4%) y la cultura (54,5%) se señalaron como factores que influyen en la aceptación de la analgesia del parto entre las participantes.(AU)


Objective: Pain is termed as a subjective phenomenon, however almost all women acknowledge that labor pain is the most severe form of pain a woman experiences in her lifetime. Obstetric analgesia is underutilized in developing countries due to cultural myths and taboos. Hence, the present study aims to identify Nigerian women's knowledge of labor analgesia and to explore what myths and factors hinder with the use of analgesia in labor. Method: A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. The population of the study predominantly consisted of pregnant women from the «Yoruba ethnic group». An adapted semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain data from participants from selected Health Care Centers in Ekiti state, Nigeria. The collected data was analyzed using a descriptive and inferential statistics and was represented in form of tables and charts with level of significance set at p ≤ 0.05. Results: A total of 236 respondents were included in the study (n = 236). Findings from this study revealed that, the participants showed very poor knowledge on labor pain management strategies, with only 26.3% being aware of pain management strategies used in relieving labor pain. An elevated number of the participants (56.8%) believed that labor pain should not be relieved with the use of drugs, strongly agreeing that analgesia was «a sign ofweakness» (57.2%). Also, more than half (51.7%) of participants had fears that pain relief administered during labor can cause harm to the unborn baby. Belief that experiencing labor pain completes one's motherhood (49.6%), Religion (50.4%) and Culture (54.5%), were reported as factors influencing the uptake/acceptance of labor analgesia among participants.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Trabalho de Parto , Cultura , Religião , 57374 , Mães , Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia , Dor do Parto , Analgesia Obstétrica , Nigéria , Estudos Transversais , Epidemiologia Descritiva , 24960 , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(2): e38212, jun. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1389689

RESUMO

Resumen: La ruptura y retención de un fragmento de catéter peridural es una complicación poco frecuente de la analgesia epidural. Si bien generalmente requiere una conducta expectante con evolución sin mayores complicaciones, su importancia está dada por la escasa evidencia en cuanto al manejo, teniendo en cuenta que puede derivar en una intervención neuroquirúrgica, con sus riesgos y complicaciones. Exponemos el caso de una paciente que tuvo como complicación la ruptura y retención de un fragmento de catéter peridural durante la colocación del mismo para analgesia del parto.


Summary: Rupture and retention of an epidural catheter fragment is a rare complication of epidural analgesia. Although it generally requires expectant management and evolves without major complications, the event is important given the lack of evidence regarding treatment and considering it can lead to a neurosurgical intervention, what involves risks and complications. The study describes the case of a patient whose complication was the rupture and retention of a fragment of an epidural catheter during labor analgesia.


Resumo: A ruptura e retenção de um fragmento de cateter epidural é uma complicação rara da analgesia epidural. Embora geralmente exija uma gestão expectante com evolução sem grandes complicações, a importância é dada pela escassa evidência relativa ao manejo, considerando que pode levar à uma intervenção neurocirúrgica, com os correspondentes riscos e complicações. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente cuja complicação foi a ruptura e retenção de um fragmento de cateter epidural durante sua colocação para analgesia do parto.


Assuntos
Analgesia Obstétrica , Catéteres
4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1211-1214, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-994093

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the optimization efficacy of ropivacaine mixed with nalbuphine for epidural labor analgesia through comparison with ropivacaine mixed with sufentanil in primiparas.Methods:Four hundred and forty primiparas with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation without abnormal fetus, aged 19-36 yr, at 37-42 weeks of gestation, who were suitable and volunteered to receive epidural labor analgesia, were selected and randomly divided into observation group (NR group, n=220) and conventional group (C group, n=220).Epidural labor analgesia solution contained nalbuphine 40 mg and ropivacaine 120 mg in 150 ml of normal saline in group NR.Epidural labor analgesia solution contained sufentanil 50 μg and ropivacaine 120 mg in 150 ml of normal saline in group C. The analgesia pump was set up to deliver a 5 ml bolus dose with a 20-min lockout interval, programmed intermittent bolus 10-15 ml/h and background infusion at 2 ml/h after an initial dose of 15 ml to maintain VAS score <3.The length of labor, adverse reactions during labor analgesia, neonatal Apgar score, parameters of umbilical artery blood gas analysis and neonatal behavioral neurological assessment score were recorded. Results:Compared with group C, the incidence of urinary retention, pruritus, nausea and vomiting and fever at birth was significantly decreased in group NR ( P<0.05).The duration of the first and second stages of labor, neonatal Apgar score, pH value of umbilical artery blood, lactate concentrations, and neonatal behavioral neurological assessment score were within the normal range in both groups, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with conventional medication, nalbuphine mixed with ropivacaine has the same efficacy when used for epidural labor analgesia in primiparas, but it has a certain optimization efficacy in terms of safety.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-931698

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of Doula delivery combined with painless delivery and its effects on pregnancy outcome.Methods:A total of 150 parturient women who underwent delivery in the First People's Hospital of Yongkang from June 2019 to June 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either conventional delivery (control group, n = 75) or Doula delivery combined with painless delivery (observation group, n = 75). Analgesic effect, mode of delivery, duration of labor and pregnancy outcome as well as mood score before and after intervention were compared between the two groups. Results:Total analgesia-effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [100.00% (75/75) vs. 65.33% (49/75), χ2 = 31.45, P < 0.05]. Vaginal delivery rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [84.00% (63/75) vs. 66.67% (50/75), χ2 = 6.60, P < 0.05]. The length of the first stage of labor, the second stage of labor, the third stage of labor and total labor length in the observation group were (398.42 ± 35.41) minutes, (43.65 ± 5.78) minutes, (8.36 ± 1.08) minutes and (450.87 ± 37.98) minutes, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(543.21 ± 47.87) minutes, (76.73 ± 16.56) minutes, (9.76 ± 1.23) minutes, (629.34 ± 45.26) minutes, t = 21.05, 16.33, 7.40, 26.15, all P < 0.05]. The incidence of neonatal asphyxia, fetal distress and postpartum hemorrhage in the observation group were [1.33% (1/75), 2.67% (2/75) and 2.67% (2/75), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [13.33% (10/75), 17.33% (13/75), 18.67% (14/75), χ2 = 7.94, 8.96, 10.07, all P < 0.05]. Self-rating Anxiety Scale score and Self-Rating Depression Scale score in the observation group were (43.25 ± 4.28) points and (40.28 ± 3.45) points, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(52.12 ± 3.95) points, (47.79 ± 3.72) points, t = 13.18, 12.81, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:Doula delivery combined with painless delivery can relieve women's emotional changes, alleviate pain, shorten labor duration, and improve pregnancy outcomes.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-931684

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of intraspinal analgesia, pudendal nerve block anesthesia and modified perineal protection in combination in midwifery.Methods:A total of 160 primiparous women who were subjected to full-term vaginal delivery in Suqian Hospital of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group between January 2019 and January 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either bilateral pudendal nerve block combined with modified perineal protection (control group, n = 80) or intraspinal analgesia, pudendal nerve block anesthesia and modified perineal protection in combination (observation group, n = 80). Each clinical index was compared between the control and observation groups. Results:Duration of labor in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(7.23 ± 2.11) hours vs. (9.35 ± 3.79) hours, t = 4.27, P < 0.05). Cesarean section rate in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [8.7% (7/80) vs. 52.5% (42/80), χ 2 = 17.18, P < 0.05]. Incidence of perineal tears in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [8.7% (7/80) vs. 32.5% (26/80), χ 2 = 15.48, P < 0.05]. Third-degree perineal tears occurred in neither group. Time of postpartum off-bed ambulation and length of postpartum hospital stay in the observation group were (1.37 ± 0.13) days and (3.22 ± 0.31) days, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(2.52 ± 0.22) days, (5.23 ± 0.62) days, t = 25.90, 25.94, both P < 0.05). The incidence of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [7.5% (6/80) vs. 23.7% (19/80), χ 2 = 8.01, P < 0.05]. There were no significant differences in incidence of neonatal asphayxia, 2-hour postpartum hemorrhage and postpartum hemorrhage between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:During midwifery of full-term vaginal delivery, combined application of intraspinal analgesia, bilateral pudendal nerve block anesthesia and modified perineal protection can shorten duration of labor and decrease cesarean section rate.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-931196

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the effect of improved epidural catheter labor analgesia on the maternal and infant outcome of re-pregnant parturients with scar uterus.Method:A total of 100 cases of re-pregnant women with scarred uterus admitted to Shexian Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were selected. According to the random number table, they were divided into the observation group (50 cases) and the control group (50 cases). Parturients in the observation group received a modified epidural catheter for labor analgesia, and parturients in the control group received conventional epidural analgesia. The complications of epidural vascular injury, difficulty in catheterization, multiple catheterization, loss of catheter resistance, urinary retention, intrauterine distress, neonatal asphyxia, postpartum hemorrhage, Apgar score, maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between the two groups.Results:The rate of epidural vascular injury, difficulty in catheter placement, multiple catheter placement and disappearance of catheter resistancein the observation group were lower than those in the control group: 2.0%(1/50) vs. 14.0%(7/50), 2.0%(1/50) vs. 16.0%(8/50), 0 vs. 8.0% (4/50), 8.0% (4/50) vs. 24.0% (12/50), χ2 = 4.89, 5.98, 4.17, 4.76, P<0.05. The rate of urinary retention, intrauterine distress and neonatal asphyxia in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: 4.0%(2/50) vs. 16.0%(8/50), 2.0%(1/50) vs. 14.0%(7/50), 0 vs. 8.0%(4/50), χ2 = 4.00, 4.89, 4.17, P<0.05. Conclusions:Improved epidural catheter delivery analgesia for patients with scarred uterus can achieve significant results, effectively reduce the incidence of vascular injury, and improve the maternal and infant outcome.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-958109

RESUMO

We report the diagnosis and treatment of a rare case of epidural analgesia failure followed by postpartum subdural hematoma. The patient underwent vaginal delivery under epidural analgesia at 32 +6 gestational weeks due to threatened premature labor, during which an unexpected dural rupture occurred. She gave no history of headache and there was no obvious abnormality during the pregnancy. However, on postpartum day 4, the patient complained of headache that could not be relieved when supine, but without any other neurological symptoms. A prompt cranial CT examination showed a left frontotemporal subdural hematoma. After conservative management with intravenous drip of mannitol, re-examination of cranial CT showed that the left frontotemporal subdural hematoma was mostly absorbed and the patient was discharged on postpartum day 18. The patient was healthy during follow up. Intracranial subdural hematoma after dural puncture is a rare and serious complication that requires early recognition and treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1086-1088, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-957570

RESUMO

Objective:To assess the value of nalbuphine intravenously injected before epidural labor analgesia in inhibiting uterine contraction pain in primiparae.Methods:A total of 140 expectant primiparae who were suitable and willing to receive epidural labor analgesia with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation, aged 20-40 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ-Ⅱ, with their cervical dilation of 2-3 cm, were divided into nalbuphine group (N group) and routine control group (C group), with 70 cases in each group.Group N received intravenous injection of nalbuphine 0.1 mg/kg (in normal saline 5 ml) at 10 min before epidural puncture, while group C received intravenous injection of the equal volume of normal saline at 10 min before epidural puncture.The epidural puncture-related items including the intensity of pain (Numeric Rating Scale [NRS] scores) and degree of sedation-agitation (Riker sedation agitation scores) during uterine contraction, duration of epidural procedure, parturients′ satisfaction with epidural puncture, successful epidural catheterization at first attempt and complications (nerve paraesthesia and inadvertent intravascular punctures) were recorded.Results:Compared with group C, the NRS scores and Riker scores for uterine contraction pain were significantly decreased during epidural procedure ( P<0.05), with NRS score <6 and Riker sedation agitation scores of 4, the duration of epidural puncture was shortened, the success rate of epidural puncture at first attempt was increased(51%/70%), and the incidence of nerve paraesthesia and inadvertent intravascular puncture was decreased(17%/6%, 14%/4%), and the parturients′ satisfaction with epidural puncture was increased in group N ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Nalbuphine 0.1 mg/kg intravenously injected before epidural labor analgesia can safely and effectively reduce uterine contraction pain without limb agitation, which is helpful in implementating epidural puncture in primiparae.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-957532

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of long-interval programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) during the incubation period for labor analgesia.Methods:Seventy-eight nulliparous parturients who were at full term with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation, aged 22-35 yr, with body mass index of 18.0-30.0 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠorⅡ, were divided into 2 groups ( n=39 each) using a random number table method: routine epidural bolus using a stepwise approach group (C group) and long-interval PIEB group (L group). Epidural puncture was performed at L 2, 3, and the analgesia solution was 0.1% ropivacaine and 0.5 μg/ml sufentanil in the two groups.The parturients in group C received 8 ml pulse dose per hour during the incubation period (cervical dilatation <3 cm), and 10 ml pulse dose per hour during the active phase (cervical dilatation ≥3 cm). In group L, the first pulse dose was 10 ml during the incubation period, 1.5 h later the anesthesia plane was detected, and 10 ml pulse dose was immediately given when the plane was lower than T 10, otherwise it was reevaluated 15 min later.After the interval time reached 2 h, a pulse dose 10 ml was given regardless of whether the plane was lower than T 10, and the pulse dose 10 ml was given at 1 h interval during the active phase.The numerical rating scale scores were recorded when the cervical dilatation was 3, 6 and 10 cm, and at the time of baby delivery.The duration of labor, total consumption of analgesics, and Bromage grade of lower extremities were recorded.The Apgar score <7 at 1 and 5 min after birth was recorded.The maternal adverse reactions and scores for satisfaction with analgesia were also recorded. Results:Thirty puerperae were finally enrolled in each group.The first stage of labor and total duration of labor were significantly shortened, and the total consumption of analgesics was decreased in group L ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the numerical rating scale scores at each time point, duration of second and third stages of labor, Bromage grade of lower extremities, incidence of adverse reactions, score for satisfaction with analgesia, and incidence of Apgar score < 7 after birth between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:When PIEB is used for labor analgesia, prolonging the infusion interval time of epidural bolus to 1.5-2.0 h during the incubation period can produce satisfactory analgesic effect and further decrease the consumption of analgesics and reduce the influence on labor stages when compared with administration using a stepwise approach.

11.
J Clin Anesth ; 75: 110527, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626927

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate efficacy and safety of liposomal bupivacaine (LB) transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with or without intrathecal morphine (ITM) compared with ITM alone for postsurgical analgesia after cesarean delivery (CD). DESIGN: Multicenter, open-label, randomized trial (NCT03853694). SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Women with term pregnancy of 37 to 42 weeks scheduled for elective CD under spinal anesthesia. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized 1:1:1 to LB 266 mg TAP block alone (LB group), ITM 50 µg followed by LB 266 mg TAP block (LB + ITM group), or ITM 150 µg alone (ITM group). All groups received the same postsurgical multimodal analgesic regimen. MEASUREMENTS: The LB and LB + ITM groups were compared with the ITM group for all efficacy outcomes. Postsurgical opioid consumption in morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) through 72 h was compared by assessing noninferiority before testing superiority. Postsurgical pruritus severity was assessed on an 11-point numerical rating scale. MAIN RESULTS: Between March 4, 2019, and January 10, 2020, 153 patients (LB, n = 52; LB + ITM, n = 48; ITM, n = 53) were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable across groups. The LB group had statistically noninferior postsurgical opioid consumption through 72 h compared with the ITM group (least squares mean [LSM], 19.2 vs 16.4 MMEs; LSM treatment ratio, 1.17 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.74-1.86]; noninferiority P < 0.0034) as did the LB + ITM group (LSM, 14.6 vs 16.4 MMEs; LSM treatment ratio, 0.89 [95% CI, 0.55-1.44]; noninferiority P < 0.0001). The LB and LB + ITM groups had significantly reduced pruritus severity scores through 12, 24, 48, and 72 h compared with the ITM group (P ≤ 0.0121). Adverse events occurred in 58%, 85%, and 81% of the LB, LB + ITM, and ITM groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: LB TAP block with or without ITM resulted in statistically noninferior postsurgical opioid consumption through 72 h, reduced pruritus, and favorable safety compared with ITM in women undergoing CD.


Assuntos
Morfina , Dor Pós-Operatória , Músculos Abdominais , Analgésicos Opioides , Anestésicos Locais , Bupivacaína , Feminino , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Gravidez
12.
Matronas prof ; 21/22(3-4/1): 27-34, jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-216706

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar las actitudes y la calidad subjetiva percibida por las mujeres después del uso de analgesia epidural en el parto. Metodología: Estudio transversal, observacional, descriptivo y analítico realizado en el Hospital Universitario Materno Infantil de Gran Canaria, donde la población de estudio fueron las puérperas que recibieron analgesia epidural durante el parto entre agosto y octubre de 2019. Se utilizaron un muestreo consecutivo no probabilístico y un cuestionario autoadministrado. Se realizaron un análisis descriptivo de las variables y un análisis inferencial para explorar la asociación entre diferentes variables. Resultados: La muestra final estuvo constituida por 354 mujeres. Las mujeres consideraron que la información recibida por las matronas era la más importante (57,6%), y el 20,3% percibió un retraso en la administración de analgesia epidural después de su solicitud. Se obtuvo una puntuación media respecto a la satisfacción global materna de 24,45 (desviación estándar= 4,97; máxima 28; mínima 0). Se encontró una relación estadísticamente significativa entre la satisfacción global y el nivel educativo (p= 0,019*), y entre la lectura y el entendimiento previo del consentimiento informado y la satisfacción global materna (p <0,001*). La percepción de demora en la administración influye de forma negativa en la satisfacción (p= 0,003*). Conclusiones: Un número elevado de mujeres que inicialmente no se planteaban la analgesia epidural en el parto acabó optando por ella, con un nivel alto de satisfacción y calidad percibida después de su uso. (AU)


Objective: To identify labouring women’s attitudes and subjective quality after the use of epidural analgesia. Methodology: Observational, descriptive analytical cross-sectional study at the Mother and Children’s University Hospital of Gran Canaria, with a study population of postnatal women who received epidural analgesia during delivery between August and October 2019. A non-probabilistic consecutive sample and a self-administered questionnaire were used. A descriptive analysis of the collected variables and an inferential analysis was performed to explore the association between different variables. Results: From a sample of 354 women. Women considered the information received by midwives more important (57.6%) and 20.3% perceived a delay in the administration of epidural analgesia after their request. An average score of 24,45 regarding maternal global satisfaction was obtained (SD= 4.97; maximum 28; minimum 0). A statistically significant relationship was found between global satisfaction and educational level (p= 0.019*) and between reading and prior understanding of informed consent and overall maternal satisfaction (p <0.001*). Delay perception in the administration of the epidural negatively influenced satisfaction (p= 0.003*). Conclusions: A high number of women who initially did not consider epidural analgesia in childbirth end up opting for it, the level of satisfaction and quality perceived after its use being high. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Analgesia Epidural , Parto , Analgesia Obstétrica , Estudos Transversais , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Hospitais Universitários
13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-911266

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the effect of epidural labor analgesia administration methods on occurrence of postpartum urinary retention in nulliparous parturients through a comparison between programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) and continuous epidural infusion.Methods:Two hundred nulliparous parturients who were at full term with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 22-35 yr, with body mass index of 22.4-42.6 kg/m 2, were divided into 2 groups ( n=100 each) using a random number table method: continuous epidural infusion group (group CEI) and group PIEB.Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) was performed in active phase of labor (cervical dilatation≥1 cm) during the first stage of labor.The PCEA solution contained the mixture (10 ml) of 0.1% ropivacaine with 0.5 μg/ml sufentanil.The PCEA pump was set up to deliver a 5-ml bolus dose with a 30-min lockout interval.The analgesia solution contained the mixture (100 ml) of 0.08% ropivacaine and sufentanil 0.5 μg/ml.In group CEI, the drugs were given at 8 ml/h immediately after the initial dose.PIEB regimens were programmed as 8 ml over 80 s once an h after the initial bolus, and the administration was stopped after delivery of fetus.The labor time, consumption of analgesia solution and the incidence of postpartum urinary retention were recorded. Results:Compared with group CEI, the duration of the second stage of labor was significantly shortened, and consumption of analgesia solution and the incidence of postpartum urinary retention were decreased in group PIEB ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the continuous epidural infusion, the application of PIEB in labor analgesia can reduce the incidence of postpartum urinary retention in nulliparous parturients.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-911265

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of dural puncture epidural (DPE) combined with programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) for labor analgesia in parturients.Methods:A total of 200 primiparas of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, who were at full-term with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation and requested natural childbirth and intraspinal analgesia were selected and divided into 2 groups ( n=100 each) according to a computer-generated random number table: epidural block alone+ PIEB group (group E) and DPE+ PIEB group (group D). After successful epidural puncture, epidural catheter was placed in the epidural cavity, and the depth was 3-4 cm in group E. In group D, spinal needle was used for intrathecal needle puncture after successful epidural puncture, the posterior epidural catheter was placed in the epidural cavity, and the depth was 3-4 cm.The epidural pulse pump (0.08% ropivacaine plus sufentanil 0.4 μg /ml) was connected and was set up to deliver a 5-ml bolus dose with initial dose 10 ml, a 20-min lockout interval and background infusion at a rate of 10 ml/h.The onset time of analgesia, development of the sensory block reaching S 2 within 30 min after administration, development of motor block, effective pressing times and consumption, requirement of ropivacaine for rescue analgesia, ropivacaine consumption and delivery mode were recorded.The development of hypotension, pruritus, nausea, vomiting, headache after puncture and fetal bradycardia were recorded.The Apgar scores at 1 and 5 min after delivery were recorded and the parturients were followed up on 1 day after delivery for the scores for satisfaction with analgesia. Results:Compared with group E, the onset time of analgesia was significantly shortened, the ratio of sensory block reaching S 2 was increased, analgesia pump pressing times and ropivacaine consumption were decreased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the incidence of motor block, the requirement for rescue analgesic, the scores for parturients′ satisfaction with analgesia, delivery mode, Apgar scores of the neonates and the incidence of adverse reactions in group D ( P>0.05). Conclusion:DPE combined with PIEB for labor analgesia can shorten the onset time of analgesia and provide reliable efficacy and higher safety.

15.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(7): 457-464, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842249

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of dual-tube epidural segmental injection of lidocaine analgesia on the delivery outcome and maternal and infant complications of persistent posterior occipital position postpartum or lateral occipital position postpartum patients with protracted active phase. Methods: The full and single-term primiparas (n=216, 37 to 42 weeks gestation, 22 to 35 years) diagnosed as persistent posterior or lateral occipital position during the active period were selected from the Department of Obstetrics of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from January 2015 to October 2019. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: double-tube epidural block group (n=108) and single-tube epidural block group (n=108), 1% lidocaine was used for epidural analgesia respectively under ultrasound guidance. Senior midwife or obstetricians implement new partogram, and guide women to perform position management, and push or rotate the fetal head in a timely manner. Observation indicators: general condition, the use of non-pharmacological analgesic measures, analgesia related conditions and pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, delivery-related indicator, cesarean section indication, anesthesia-related indicator, maternal and child complications. Results: (1) General condition: the age, weight, height, gestational age, the ratio of persistent lateral or posterior occipital position, cephalic score, and neonatal birth weight between the two groups of women were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (2) The use of non-pharmacological analgesic measures: the women's Lamaze breathing method, Doula delivery companionship, percutaneous electrical stimulation, and other measures between two groups were compared, and there were not significant differences (all P>0.05). (3) Analgesia related conditions and VAS scores of women undergoing vaginal delivery: compared with the single-tube epidural block group (n=40), the second-partum time of the women in the double-tube epidural block group (n=59) was significantly shortened [(124±44) vs (86±33) minutes, P<0.01]; after 30 minutes of analgesia (4.4±0.5 vs 0.9±0.5, P<0.01), during forced labor in the second stage of labor (5.7±0.6 vs 1.3±0.4, P<0.01), the VAS scores of pain were also significantly reduced (P<0.01). (4) Labor-related indicators: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the natural delivery rate (21.3% vs 49.1%) and the delivery experience satisfaction rate (51.9% vs 98.1%) of women in the double-tube epidural block group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), cesarean section rate (63.0% vs 45.4%), instrument assisted rate (15.7% vs 5.6%) decreased significantly (all P<0.05). (5) Cesarean section indications: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the cesarean section rate caused by prolonged labor or protracted active phase of women in the double-tube epidural block group was significantly reduced (38.0% vs 22.2%; P<0.05), and the fetal distress, intrauterine infection, and social factors caused by cesarean section between the two groups were compared, while the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05).(6) Anesthesia related indexes: the block planes of the maternal upper tube administration in the double-tube epidural block group were mostly T7, T8, T9-L2 and L3,While,the block planes in the single-tube epidural block group were mostly T10, T11-S1, S2, S3, and the modified Bromage score were all 0. (7) Maternal and child complications: compared with the single-tube epidural block group, the postpartum hemorrhage rate (18.5% vs 7.4%), the perineal lateral cut rate (20.4% vs 5.6%), the neonatal asphyxia rate (12.0% vs 3.7%), ICU rate of transferred neonates (13.9% vs 4.6%) in the double-tube epidural block group were significantly reduced (all P<0.05). Soft birth canal injury rate, puerperal disease rate and neonatal birth rate between two groups were compared, and there were not statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Dual-tube epidural segmental injection of lidocaine analgesia could increase the natural delivery rate of women with posterior occipital or lateral occipital position with active stagnation, reduce the rate of cesarean section and the rate of transvaginal instruments, and reduce the complications of mother and child.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Analgesia Epidural/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Analgesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Lidocaína/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Dor , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(5): 363-366, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074780

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of dural puncture epidural technique for labor analgesia on mothers and neonates. Methods: From January to June 2019, one hundred healthy and nulliparous women, scheduled for elective labor analgesia in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, met inclusion criteriaand were recruitedin this prospective study. The inclusion criteria are as follows: American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠorⅡ, New York Heart Association gradeⅠorⅡ,150-175 cm in height,50-90 kg in weight and 37-45 weeks of gestation. They were randomly divided into epidural analgesia group(group P, n=50)and dural puncture epidural group(group D, n=50) by using random number table. Parturients in group D received epidural catheterization immediate after successful epidural puncture, while parturients in group P received a single dural puncture into subarachnoid space with a 27 gauge needle (successful puncture: outflow of cerebrospinal fluid) before epidural catheterization. Epidural labor analgesia was performed with epidural infusion of 0.1% ropivacaine plus 0.25 µg/ml sufentanil in both groups. The VAS scores were evaluated at the following time points: before epidural infusion, each uterine contraction within 30 min after infusion, 30 min, 60 min and 90 min after infusion and withdrawal of infusion. Labor process, mode of delivery, cases of increased oxytocin using, effective PCA pressings, sufentanil and ropivacaine dosages, complications of analgesia, neonatal status were recorded, as well. Results: There were no significant differences in labor duration, mode of delivery, analgesia complications (nausea and vomiting, itching, headache after delivery and Bromage score for motor block), deceleration of fetal heart rate and neonatal Apgar score between the two groups (P>0.05). The number of effective PCA pressings, sufentanil dosage, ropivacaine dosage and cases of increased using of oxytocin were significantly more in group P(t=8.663,7.024,6.509,χ(2)=4.159,all P<0.05), with (8.6±2.5) times, (29±4) µg,(105±15) mg,28% in group P, compared with (4.6±2.1) times,(23±4) µg,(88±12) mg,10% in group D, respectively. The first four VAS scores of uterine contraction after analgesia in group P(VAS=7.9±1.1,6.8± 0.9, 5.6±0.8, 4.5±0.8)were significantly higher than those in group D (VAS=6.8±0.7,4.7±0.8,3.5±0.8,2.9±0.7,t=5.966,12.332,13.125,10.643,all P<0.05). The VAS scores at 90 min after analgesia and withdrawal of analgesia (VAS=2.7±0.6, 2.9±0.7) in group P were significantly higher than those in group D (VAS=2.4±0.6, 2.5±0.6, t=2.500, 3.068, all P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with traditional epidural technique, dural puncture epidural technique can provide a rapid and effective analgesia with less analgesics, but without increasing adverse effects on mother and infant.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia Obstétrica , Trabalho de Parto , Analgésicos , Anestésicos Locais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Punções
17.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can ; 42(6): 774-778, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is increasing use of marijuana during pregnancy, and online accounts indicate that women are considering use of marijuana for labour pain. However, the number and attitudes of women who would consider this are unknown. METHODS: In a university hospital, over a period of 1 month, a total of 132 women with vaginal deliveries completed a survey exploring attitudes towards labour analgesia and marijuana use. Patients who would and would not consider marijuana for labour pain were compared using chi-square analysis. RESULTS: The percentages of respondents who reported having epidural or intravenous analgesia were 83% (95% confidence interval [CI] 76-89) and 30% (95% CI 23-38), respectively, with 87% (95% CI 79-92) and 86% (95% CI 71-94) being satisfied. However, 34% (95% CI 26-43) of the respondents reported that they would consider the use of marijuana for labour pain. Of these, 25% (95% CI 14-41) had previously used marijuana for pain compared with 0% (95% CI 0-0) who had not, and 72% (95% CI 56-84) thought it acceptable to use marijuana non-medically compared with 35% (95% CI 26-47) who did not (P < 0.001 for both). The greatest worry was the effect of marijuana on the baby, with 26% (95% CI 19-34) being highly worried and 26% (95% CI 19-34) being extremely worried. Many women (60%; 95% CI 51-68) indicated a lack of knowledge of the side effects of marijuana in labour. However, 59% (95% CI 50-67) of respondents said they would feel comfortable discussing this topic with their obstetrician. CONCLUSION: One third of women would consider the use of marijuana for labour pain, although many are unsure of its effects. Most women would feel comfortable discussing this topic with their obstetrician.


Assuntos
Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Cannabis/efeitos adversos , Dor do Parto/tratamento farmacológico , Maconha Medicinal/uso terapêutico , Gestantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Analgesia Epidural , Atitude , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(2): e20180757, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1098807

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objetives: To investigate the association between analgesia during labor and occurrence of neonatal outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohort study with medical records of 850 parturient. The exposure variable of interest was receiving pharmacological analgesia during labor and neonatal outcomes were: one- and five-minute Apgar, resuscitation maneuvers and referral of the newborn to Neonatal ICU. A logistic regression was carried out to obtain Odds Ratios and 95% confidence interval, with adjustment for confounding factors. Results: Among the women studied, 35% received analgesia and this use was associated with a greater chance of neonatal outcomes such as one-minute Apgar < 7 (p <0.0001), resuscitation maneuvers (p <0.001) and referral to the Neonatal ICU (p = 0.004), mostly were among low-risk pregnant women, even after adjustments. Conclusions: The use of pharmacological analgesia during labor is associated with one-minute Apgar < 7, resuscitation maneuvers and referral to the Neonatal ICU.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Investigar la asociación entre la analgesia en el trabajo de parto y la aparición de resultados neonatales. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos de 850 parturientas. La exposición fue recibir analgesia farmacológica en el trabajo de parto, resultados: Apgar del primer y quinto minuto < 7, maniobras de reanimación y derivación a la UCIN. La regresión logística se utilizó para obtener el Odds Ratio (OR) y el intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%), ajustado por variables de confusión. Resultados: De las mujeres estudiadas, el 35% recibió analgesia y su uso se asoció con una mayor probabilidad de resultados como: Apgar en el primer minuto < 7 (p<0,0001), maniobras de reanimación (p<0,001) y derivación a la UCIN (p=0,004). Conclusiones: el uso de analgesia farmacológica durante el trabajo de parto se asoció con Apgar < 7 en el primer minuto, maniobras de reanimación y derivación a la UCIN.


RESUMO Objetivos: Investigar a associação entre analgesia no trabalho de parto e ocorrência de desfechos neonatais. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com dados de prontuários de 850 parturientes. A exposição foi receber analgesia farmacológica no trabalho de parto e os desfechos: Apgar do primeiro e quinto minuto < 7, manobras de reanimação e encaminhamento para Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTI). Utilizou-se regressão logística para obter Odds Ratio (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confiança (IC95%), sendo ajustados por confundidores. Resultados: Das mulheres estudadas, 35% receberam analgesia e seu uso esteve associado a maior chance de desfechos, como: Apgar do primeiro minuto < 7 (p<0,0001), manobras de reanimação (p<0,001) e encaminhamento para UTI Neonatal (p=0,004), principalmente entre gestantes de risco habitual, mesmo após ajustes. Conclusões: O uso de analgesia farmacológica durante o trabalho de parto foi associado a Apgar do primeiro minuto < 7, manobras de reanimação e encaminhamento para UTI neonatal.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Apgar , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estudos de Coortes , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos
19.
Rev. chil. anest ; 49(2): e20180757, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092565

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objetives: To investigate the association between analgesia during labor and occurrence of neonatal outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohort study with medical records of 850 parturient. The exposure variable of interest was receiving pharmacological analgesia during labor and neonatal outcomes were: one- and five-minute Apgar, resuscitation maneuvers and referral of the newborn to Neonatal ICU. A logistic regression was carried out to obtain Odds Ratios and 95% confidence interval, with adjustment for confounding factors. Results: Among the women studied, 35% received analgesia and this use was associated with a greater chance of neonatal outcomes such as one-minute Apgar < 7 (p <0.0001), resuscitation maneuvers (p <0.001) and referral to the Neonatal ICU (p = 0.004), mostly were among low-risk pregnant women, even after adjustments. Conclusions: The use of pharmacological analgesia during labor is associated with one-minute Apgar < 7, resuscitation maneuvers and referral to the Neonatal ICU.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Investigar la asociación entre la analgesia en el trabajo de parto y la aparición de resultados neonatales. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos de 850 parturientas. La exposición fue recibir analgesia farmacológica en el trabajo de parto, resultados: Apgar del primer y quinto minuto < 7, maniobras de reanimación y derivación a la UCIN. La regresión logística se utilizó para obtener el Odds Ratio (OR) y el intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%), ajustado por variables de confusión. Resultados: De las mujeres estudiadas, el 35% recibió analgesia y su uso se asoció con una mayor probabilidad de resultados como: Apgar en el primer minuto < 7 (p<0,0001), maniobras de reanimación (p<0,001) y derivación a la UCIN (p=0,004). Conclusiones: el uso de analgesia farmacológica durante el trabajo de parto se asoció con Apgar < 7 en el primer minuto, maniobras de reanimación y derivación a la UCIN.


RESUMO Objetivos: Investigar a associação entre analgesia no trabalho de parto e ocorrência de desfechos neonatais. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com dados de prontuários de 850 parturientes. A exposição foi receber analgesia farmacológica no trabalho de parto e os desfechos: Apgar do primeiro e quinto minuto < 7, manobras de reanimação e encaminhamento para Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTI). Utilizou-se regressão logística para obter Odds Ratio (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confiança (IC95%), sendo ajustados por confundidores. Resultados: Das mulheres estudadas, 35% receberam analgesia e seu uso esteve associado a maior chance de desfechos, como: Apgar do primeiro minuto < 7 (p<0,0001), manobras de reanimação (p<0,001) e encaminhamento para UTI Neonatal (p=0,004), principalmente entre gestantes de risco habitual, mesmo após ajustes. Conclusões: O uso de analgesia farmacológica durante o trabalho de parto foi associado a Apgar do primeiro minuto < 7, manobras de reanimação e encaminhamento para UTI neonatal.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Adolescente , Adulto , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Índice de Apgar , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Modelos Logísticos , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estudos de Coortes , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos
20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-745992

RESUMO

Objective To summarize the experience in anesthesia management for cesarean section(CS) after failed labor in women with combined spinal and epidural analgesia and to provide evidence for more effective and safer clinical practice.Methods We included 58 singleton pregnant women who received spinal and epidural analgesia during labor but converted to CS at Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology from October 2017 to October 2018.When CS was indicated,10 ml of 0.125% ropivacaine was given through the epidural catheter immediately,and 5 ml of 1% lidocaine was given when arriving at the operating room.Five minutes later,10 ml of 1% ropivacaine was administered.General anesthesia would be required when epidural anesthesia was considered to be failed 10 min after the usage of ropivacaine.Clinical datas were retrospectively reviewed.The management and effects of anesthesia for CS,maternal and neonatal outcomes were described.Results Of the 58 patients when CS was indicated during labor,5.2%(3/58) received general anesthesia immediately.Among the other 94.8% (55/58) who received epidural anesthesia,3.6%(2/55) converted to general anesthesia later.Adverse effects of epidural anesthesia included reduced mean artery pressure (8/53,15.1%),nausea and vomiting (3/53,5.7%).For the neonatal Apgar score at 1 min,one out of the 58 babies (1.7%) was between 0 and 3,ten (17.2%) between 4 and 7,and 47 (81.0%) between 8 and 10.The two babies (3.4%) with Apgar score between 4 and 7 at 5 min were both referred to the department of Neonatology,and the rest 56 neonates (96.6%) scored 8-10.Conclusions Spinal and epidural analgesia in labor can be safely and effectively adjusted to anesthesia for CS.

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