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1.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 30(1): 54-59, 20240000. fig, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551393

RESUMO

El síndrome genitourinario es una entidad hoy en día cada vez más frecuente en la mujer posmenopáusica, con signos y síntomas muy característicos que llevan a la pérdida de calidad de vida de las pacientes, generados por la disminución de estrógenos. Su diagnóstico se realiza mediante una buena historia clínica, exámenes hormonales, estudios urodinámicos y de pH vaginal. Su clínica varía desde sequedad vaginal, atrofia de la misma, vaginitis a repetición, pérdida de orina al esfuerzo, nicturia y dispareunia. A los largo de los años se han protocolizado diferentes tratamientos como reemplazos hormonales, lubricantes y cirugías invasivas vaginales. Pero en los últimos años ha aparecido una nueva terapéutica de láser CO2 fraccionado. Materiales y método. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de seis años de evolución, entre los años 2017 y 2023, con más de 300 pacientes tratadas con tecnología láser CO2 fraccionado, con criterios de inclusión y exclusión, protocolizando 3 sesiones cada 30 días y controles hasta los 6 meses. Resultados. Para evaluar los resultados se diseñó una encuentra de satisfacción de 5 puntos, la cual fue presentada luego de cada sesión, encontrando un alto grado de satisfacción en la mejoría clínica a medida que transcurrían las sesiones, con un muy bajo índice de complicaciones. También biopsias con mejorías histológicas que demuestran resultados. Discusión. La aplicación de esta nueva tecnología láser nos abre una posibilidad terapéutica segura, rápida y efectiva para mejorar la sintomatología y calidad de vida de nuestras pacientes con síndrome genitourinario, sumando una nueva terapéutica a todo el arsenal de tratamientos médico-quirúrgicos disponibles a la fecha. Conclusiones. El síndrome genitourinario es una entidad prácticamente inevitable, con síntomas desde leves a graves, que afecta la calidad de vida personal, sexual y social. Los tratamientos hasta la fecha hormonales, tópicos o quirúrgicos han dado mediocres resultados sin estar exentos de complicaciones, por lo que la aparición de la tecnología láser CO2 fraccionada nos ha dado el plus necesario para aportar un tratamiento seguro, eficaz, con mínimas complicaciones y una curva de aprendizaje pequeña


Genitourinary syndrome is an increasingly frequent entity in postmenopausal women today, with very characteristic signs and symptoms that lead to a loss of quality of life in patients, generated by estrogen depletion, whose diagnosis is made through a good clinical history, hormonal tests, urodynamic and vaginal pH studies. Its symptoms vary from vaginal dryness, vaginal atrophy, repeated vaginitis, loss of urine on exertion, nocturia and dyspareunia. Over the years, different treatments have been protocolized, such as hormone replacements, lubricants, and invasive vaginal surgeries. But in recent years a new fractionated CO2 laser therapy has appeared. Materials and method. A retrospective study of six years of evolution was carried out, between the years 2017 and 2023, with more than 300 patients treated with fractionated CO2 laser technology, with inclusion and exclusion criteria, protocolizing 3 sessions every 30 days and controls until the 6 months. Results. To evaluate the results, a 5-point satisfaction score was designed, which was presented after each session, finding a high degree of satisfaction in the clinical improvement as the sessions progressed with a very low indication of complications. Also biopsies with histological improvements that demonstrate results. Discussion. The application of this new laser technology opens up a safe, fast and effective therapeutic possibility to improve the symptoms and quality of life of our patients with genitourinary syndrome, adding a new therapeutic option to the arsenal of medical-surgical treatments available to date. Conclusions. Genitourinary syndrome is a practically inevitable entity, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe, affecting the quality of personal, sexual and social life. The hormonal, topical or surgical treatments to date have given mediocre results, not being free of complications, so the appearance of fractionated CO2 laser technology has given us the necessary extra to provide a safe, effective treatment, with minimal complications. and a small learning curve.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Síndrome , Sistema Urogenital/fisiopatologia , Seguimentos , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Vaginite Atrófica/terapia
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401594

RESUMO

Bardet-Biedl syndrome is a ciliopathy mainly associated with retinal dystrophy, renal dysfunction, post-axial polydactyly, obesity, cognitive deficit and hypogonadism. The symptoms associated with retinal dystrophy do not usually appear until the first decade of life, so the diagnosis is usually delayed. Ocular involvement may be the initial form of manifestation of this syndrome, it may even be the only one, so it should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of amblyopia in a child who does not improve despite correct compliance with treatment. A case of low visual acuity in a pediatric patient is presented as an initial manifestation that leads to the diagnosis of Bardet-Biedl Syndrome, and which is also the only symptom that the patient presents to date, despite being a multisystem disease.

3.
Value Health Reg Issues ; 40: 108-117, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the onasemnogene abeparvovec in relation to nusinersen and risdiplam in the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy type 1 from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified Health System. METHODS: A Markov model was built on a lifetime horizon. Short-term data were obtained from clinical trials of the technologies and from published cohort survival curves (long term). Costs were measured in current 2022 local currency (R$) values and benefits in quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Utility values were derived from type 1 spinal muscular atrophy literature, whereas costs related to technologies and maintenance care in each health state were obtained from official sources of reimbursement in Brazil. Deterministic and probabilistic, as well as scenario, sensitivity analyses were performed. RESULTS: Compared with the less costly strategy (nusinersen), the use of onasemnogene abeparvovec resulted in an incremental cost of R$2.468.448,06 ($975 671.169 - purchasing power parity [PPP]) and a 3-QALY increment and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of R$742.890,92 ($293 632.774 - PPP)/QALY. Risdiplam had an extended dominance from other strategies, resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of R$926.586,22 ($366 239.612 - PPP)/QALY compared with nusinersen. Sensitivity analysis showed a significant impact of the follow-up time of the cohort and the cost of acquiring onasemnogene abeparvovec. CONCLUSIONS: Over a lifetime horizon, onasemnogene abeparvovec seems to be a potentially more effective option than nusinersen and risdiplam, albeit with an incremental cost. Such a trade-off should be weighed in efficiency criteria during decision making and outcome monitoring from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified Health System.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo , Produtos Biológicos , Atrofia Muscular Espinal , Oligonucleotídeos , Pirimidinas , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Humanos , Brasil , Análise Custo-Benefício , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216049

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the main causes of visual acuity (VA) loss in people over 50 years of age worldwide, with neovascular AMD (nAMD) accounting for 80% of cases of severe vision loss due to this disease. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs have been used for the treatment of this disease for more than a decade, changing drastically the visual prognosis of these patients. However, initial studies reporting data on outcomes were short term. Currently, there are different series published on the long-term results of AMD after treatment with anti-VEGF, and the aim of this review is to synthesize these results. The mean follow-up of the included studies was 8.2 years (range 5-12 years). The mean initial VA was 55.3 letters in the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) (range 45.6-65) and the mean final VA was 50.1 letters (range 33.0-64.3), with a mean loss of 5.2 letters. At the end of follow-up, 29.4% of the patients maintained a VA > 70 letters. The 67.9% of patients remained stable at the end of follow-up (< 15 letter loss), with a severe loss (≥ 15 letters) of 30.1%. Fibrosis and atrophy were the main causes of long-term VA loss, occurring at the end of follow-up in 52.5% and 60.5%, respectively.

5.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 82(1): s00441779503, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533833

RESUMO

Abstract Spinal muscular atrophy linked to chromosome 5 (SMA-5q) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease caused by mutations in the SMN1. SMA-5q is characterized by progressive degeneration of the spinal cord and bulbar motor neurons, causing severe motor and respiratory impairment with reduced survival, especially in its more severe clinical forms. In recent years, highly effective disease-modifying therapies have emerged, either acting by regulating the splicing of exon 7 of the SMN2 gene or adding a copy of the SMN1 gene through gene therapy, providing a drastic change in the natural history of the disease. In this way, developing therapeutic guides and expert consensus becomes essential to direct the use of these therapies in clinical practice. This consensus, prepared by Brazilian experts, aimed to review the main available disease-modifying therapies, critically analyze the results of clinical studies, and provide recommendations for their use in clinical practice for patients with SMA-5q. This consensus also addresses aspects related to diagnosis, genetic counseling, and follow-up of patients under drug treatment. Thus, this consensus provides valuable information regarding the current management of SMA-5q, helping therapeutic decisions in clinical practice and promoting additional gains in outcomes.


Resumo Atrofia muscular espinhal ligada ao cromossomo 5 (AME-5q) é uma doença genética de herança autossômica recessiva causada por mutações no gene SMN1. A AME-5q cursa com degeneração progressiva dos motoneurônios medulares e bulbares, acarretando grave comprometimento motor e respiratório com redução da sobrevida, especialmente nas suas formas clínicas mais graves. Nos últimos anos, terapias modificadoras da doença altamente eficazes, ou que atuam regulando o splicing do exon 7 do gene SMN2 ou adicionando uma cópia do gene SMN1 via terapia gênica, têm surgido, proporcionando uma mudança drástica na história natural da doença. Dessa forma, o desenvolvimento de guias terapêuticos e de consensos de especialistas torna-se importante no sentido de direcionar o uso dessas terapias na prática clínica. Este consenso, preparado por especialistas brasileiros, teve como objetivos revisar as principais terapias modificadoras de doença disponíveis, analisar criticamente os resultados dos estudos clínicos dessas terapias e prover recomendações para seu uso na prática clínica para pacientes com AME-5q. Aspectos relativos ao diagnóstico, aconselhamento genético e seguimento dos pacientes em uso das terapias também são abordados nesse consenso. Assim, esse consenso promove valiosas informações a respeito do manejo atual da AME-5q auxiliando decisões terapêuticas na prática clínica e promovendo ganhos adicionais nos desfechos finais.

6.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 20(3): 134-140, sept.-dic. 2023. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-517

RESUMO

Introducción: La atrofia posterior del maxilar con la neumatización del seno maxilar es un problema frecuente. Los protocolos para rehabilitar esta zona han ido cambiando desde la elevación de seno convencional, hasta la elevación transcrestal. Aun así, existen casos con un volumen óseo disponible en altura muy disminuido que precisan de nuevos procedimientos como los implantes de 4,5 mm. En la siguiente serie de casos clínicos se muestran pacientes tratados con este procedimiento. Material y métodos: Se presenta un estudio retrospectivo en el que se han evaluado implantes de 4,5 mm de longitud, insertados en sectores posteriores maxilares con una altura ósea residual igual o menor a 3 mm, realizándose al mismo tiempo una elevación de seno transcrestal. Posteriormente, se realiza un seguimiento radiográfico estimándose la pérdida ósea crestal y la supervivencia de los implantes.La variable principal fue la supervivencia del implante y como variables secundarias se registraron la pérdida ósea mesial y distal. Resultados: Fueron reclutados 13 pacientes en los que se insertaron 15 implantes. La media de la altura inicial de la cresta, en el estudio fue de 2,85 mm (+/- 0,20) con un rango entre 2,50 y 3 mm. Los implantes presentaron un seguimiento medio de 13,33 meses tras la carga (+/- 3,09) no encontrándose complicaciones ni fracasos durante este tiempo, por lo que la supervivencia fue del 100%. Conclusiones: Los datos preliminares obtenidos en el presente estudio muestran una alternativa a la elevación de seno mediante ventana lateral con una menor morbilidad para los pacientes. (AU)


Introduction: PPosterior maxillary atrophy with pneumatization of the maxillary sinus is a common problem. The protocols for rehabilitating this area have changed from conventional sinus lift to transcrestal lift. Even so, there are cases with a very low available bone volume in height that require new procedures such as 4.5 mm implants. The following case series shows patients treated with this procedure. Material and methods: A retrospective study is presented in which 4.5 mm long implants inserted in maxillary posterior sectors with a residual bone height equal to or less than 3 mm were evaluated and a transcrestal sinus lift was performed at the same time. Subsequently, a radiographic follow-up was carried out, estimating crestal bone loss and implant survival. The primary variable was implant survival and mesial and distal bone loss were recorded as secondary variables. Results: Thirteen patients were recruited and 15 implants were inserted that met the previously established inclusion criteria. The mean initial ridge height where the implants included in the study were placed was 2.85 mm (+/- 0.20) with a range between 2.50 and 3 mm. No complications related to the surgery were reported in any of the cases. The implants had a mean follow-up of 13.33 months after loading (+/- 3.09) with no complications or failures during this follow-up time, so survival was 100%. Conclusions: Preliminary data obtained in the present study show a predictable alternative to lateral window sinus lift with less morbidity for patients. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Seio Maxilar/anormalidades , Implantes Dentários , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol ; 98(12): 673-679, dic. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-228142

RESUMO

Objective To estimate the epidemiology of Leber's optic neuropathy (NOHL) in the Region of Madrid. Material and methodsThe neuro-ophthalmologists who work at public hospitals of the CAM were interviewed by telephone. They were asked about the number of patients with NOHL that they had diagnosed during the time that they had been responsible for the neuro-ophthalmology department of that public hospital. The time worked and the population attended by the hospital were used to calculate the number of patient-years in follow-up by each center during the corresponding period. The basic information of each case (date of birth, mutation, and date of visual loss) was registered to avoid duplications. Results Our work estimates a global incidence of 2.34 cases for 10,000,000 inhabitants-year and a prevalence estimated from incidence of one case for each 106,682 inhabitants. This prevalence was very similar in all the studied areas and considerably lower than that reported by other studies. Conclusion This work constitutes the first approach to the epidemiology of this disease in Spain. The prevalence of NOHL in the region of Madrid is probably lower than that reported in the literature in other regions. The prevalence and the incidence were homogeneously low in the 26 studied areas. (AU)


Objetivo Estimar la epidemiología (incidencia y prevalencia) de la neuropatía óptica de Leber (NOHL) en la comunidad autónoma de Madrid (CM). Material y métodosLos neuroftalmólogos que trabajan en los hospitales públicos de la CAM fueron entrevistados telefónicamente. Se les preguntó por el número de pacientes con NOHL que habían diagnosticados durante el tiempo que han sido responsables de la consulta de neuroftalmología de ese hospital público. El tiempo trabajado y la población atendida por el hospital se utilizaron para calcular el número de habitantes-años en seguimiento por cada centro durante el periodo correspondiente y estimar la incidencia en cada área. La prevalencia estimada a partir de la incidencia (PEI) se calculó considerando que un paciente con NOHL vive unos 40 años con la enfermedad. Se registró la información básica de cada caso cuando estaba disponible (sexo, fecha de nacimiento, mutación, fecha de la pérdida visual) para evitar duplicaciones. Resultados Nuestro trabajo estima una incidencia global de 2,34 casos por cada 10.000.000 habitantes-año y una PEI de 1 caso por cada 106.682 habitantes. Esta prevalencia es inferior a la referida por otros estudios. Conclusión Este trabajo constituye la primera aproximación a la epidemiología de esta enfermedad en España. La prevalencia estimada de la NOHL en la CM es probablemente inferior a la reportada en la literatura en otras regiones. La prevalencia y la incidencia fueron homogéneamente bajas en las 26 áreas estudiadas. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/epidemiologia , Doenças do Nervo Óptico/epidemiologia , Doenças Raras , Inquéritos e Questionários , Espanha/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Incidência
8.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 20(3): 134-140, sept.-dic. 2023. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229899

RESUMO

Introducción: La atrofia posterior del maxilar con la neumatización del seno maxilar es un problema frecuente. Los protocolos para rehabilitar esta zona han ido cambiando desde la elevación de seno convencional, hasta la elevación transcrestal. Aun así, existen casos con un volumen óseo disponible en altura muy disminuido que precisan de nuevos procedimientos como los implantes de 4,5 mm. En la siguiente serie de casos clínicos se muestran pacientes tratados con este procedimiento. Material y métodos: Se presenta un estudio retrospectivo en el que se han evaluado implantes de 4,5 mm de longitud, insertados en sectores posteriores maxilares con una altura ósea residual igual o menor a 3 mm, realizándose al mismo tiempo una elevación de seno transcrestal. Posteriormente, se realiza un seguimiento radiográfico estimándose la pérdida ósea crestal y la supervivencia de los implantes.La variable principal fue la supervivencia del implante y como variables secundarias se registraron la pérdida ósea mesial y distal. Resultados: Fueron reclutados 13 pacientes en los que se insertaron 15 implantes. La media de la altura inicial de la cresta, en el estudio fue de 2,85 mm (+/- 0,20) con un rango entre 2,50 y 3 mm. Los implantes presentaron un seguimiento medio de 13,33 meses tras la carga (+/- 3,09) no encontrándose complicaciones ni fracasos durante este tiempo, por lo que la supervivencia fue del 100%. Conclusiones: Los datos preliminares obtenidos en el presente estudio muestran una alternativa a la elevación de seno mediante ventana lateral con una menor morbilidad para los pacientes. (AU)


Introduction: PPosterior maxillary atrophy with pneumatization of the maxillary sinus is a common problem. The protocols for rehabilitating this area have changed from conventional sinus lift to transcrestal lift. Even so, there are cases with a very low available bone volume in height that require new procedures such as 4.5 mm implants. The following case series shows patients treated with this procedure. Material and methods: A retrospective study is presented in which 4.5 mm long implants inserted in maxillary posterior sectors with a residual bone height equal to or less than 3 mm were evaluated and a transcrestal sinus lift was performed at the same time. Subsequently, a radiographic follow-up was carried out, estimating crestal bone loss and implant survival. The primary variable was implant survival and mesial and distal bone loss were recorded as secondary variables. Results: Thirteen patients were recruited and 15 implants were inserted that met the previously established inclusion criteria. The mean initial ridge height where the implants included in the study were placed was 2.85 mm (+/- 0.20) with a range between 2.50 and 3 mm. No complications related to the surgery were reported in any of the cases. The implants had a mean follow-up of 13.33 months after loading (+/- 3.09) with no complications or failures during this follow-up time, so survival was 100%. Conclusions: Preliminary data obtained in the present study show a predictable alternative to lateral window sinus lift with less morbidity for patients. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Seio Maxilar/anormalidades , Implantes Dentários , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 55(4): 5-5, Dec. 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550712

RESUMO

Resumen El adenocarcinoma gástrico se asocia con la infección por Helicobacter pylori. La transición a un proceso de carcinogénesis está precedida por atrofia glandular, y los niveles séricos de pepsinógeno I y II (PGI y PGII) se correlacionan con este tipo de lesiones gástricas. El objetivo del trabajo fue estudiar posibles asociaciones de los niveles de pepsinógenos (PG) en suero en relación con la frecuencia de actividad serológica hacia antígenos de H. pylori. Se utilizaron muestras de suero de pacientes con patología gástrica asociada a H. pylori (n = 26) y de individuos asintomáticos como controles (n = 37). Los antígenos seroactivos se identificaron mediante inmunoblot utilizando un extracto proteico de H. pylori. Los títulos de anticuerpos anti-H. pylori y la concentración de PG en suero se determinaron por ELISA. De los 31 antígenos seroactivos identificados, 9 presentaron una frecuencia diferencial entre ambos grupos (116,7; 68,8; 61,9; 54,9; 45,6; 38,3; 36,5; 33,8 y 30,1 kDa) y solo 3 se relacionaron con niveles alterados de PG en suero. En el grupo control, la seropositividad del antígeno de 33,8 kDa se relacionó con un aumento de PGII, mientras que el antígeno de 68,8kDa se relacionó con valores normales de PG (PGII disminuido y PGI/PGII elevado), sugiriendo que la seropositividad a este antígeno podría ser un factor protector frente a patologías gástricas. La seropositividad del antígeno de 54,9 kDa se relacionó con valores alterados de PG indicadores de inflamación y atrofia gástrica (aumento de PGII y disminución de PGI/PGII). La identificación de alteraciones séricas en los niveles de pepsinógeno relacionadas con la seropositividad a los antígenos de 33,8; 54,9 y 68,8 kDa de H. pylori sienta un precedente para futuros estudios como posibles biomarcadores serológicos pronósticos.

10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(4): 478-489, Oct.-Nov. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527861

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are early stages in the development of gastric cancer. Evaluations are based on the Updated Sydney System, which includes a biopsy of the incisura angularis (IA), and the Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment using Intestinal Metaplasia (OLGIM) gastric cancer risk staging systems. Objective: To compare the OLGA and OLGIM classifications with and without IA biopsy. In addition, to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) and pre-neoplastic changes (GA and IM) in different biopsied regions and to identify the exclusive findings of IA. Methods: Observational, prospective, descriptive, unicentric study with 350 patients without a diagnosis of gastric cancer, who underwent upper digestive endoscopy with biopsies at Gastroclínica Itajaí, from March 2020 to May 2022. The histopathological classification of gastritis followed the Updated Sydney System, and the gastric cancer risk assessment followed the OLGA and OLGIM systems. The methodology applied evaluated the scores of the OLGA and OLGIM systems with and without the assessment of the IA biopsy. Statistical analysis was performed using descriptive measures (frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, 95% confidence interval). Ranks were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis or Wilcoxon tests. To analyze the relationship between the frequencies, the bilateral Fisher's exact test was used. Wilson's score with continuity correction was applied to the confidence interval. Results: The median age was 54.7 years, with 52.57% female and 47.43% male patients. The comparison between the used biopsies protocol (corpus + antrum [CA] vs corpus + antrum + incisura angularis [CAI]) and the OLGA and OLGIM stages showed a significant decrease in both staging systems when the biopsy protocol restricted to the corpus and antrum was applied (OLGA CAI vs CA; P=0.008 / OLGIM CAI vs CA; P=0.002). The prevalence of pre-malignant lesions (GA, IM and dysplasia) of the gastric mucosa was (33.4%, 34% and 1.1%, respectively) in the total sample. The antrum region exhibited significantly higher numbers of alteration (P<0.001), except for HP infection, which was present in 24.8% of the patients. Conclusion: Incisura angularis biopsy is important because it increased the number of cases diagnosed in more advanced stages of intestinal metaplasia and atrophy. The study had limitations, with the main one being the relatively small sample size, consisting mostly of healthy individuals, although mostly elderly.


RESUMO Contexto: A atrofia gástrica (AG) e a metaplasia intestinal (MI) são estágios iniciais do desenvolvimento do câncer gástrico. As avaliações são baseadas no Sistema de Sydney Atualizado, que inclui uma biópsia da incisura angular (IA), e nos sistemas de estadiamento de risco de câncer gástrico Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) e Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment using Intestinal Metaplasia (OLGIM). Objetivo: Comparar as classificações OLGA e OLGIM com e sem biópsia da IA. Além disso, determinar a prevalência de Helicobacter pylori (HP) e alterações pré-neoplásicas (AG e MI) em diferentes regiões biopsiadas e identificar os achados exclusivos da IA. Métodos: Estudo observacional, prospectivo, descritivo, unicêntrico, com 350 pacientes sem diagnóstico de câncer gástrico, submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta com biópsias na Gastroclínica Itajaí, no período de março de 2020 a maio de 2022. A classificação histopatológica da gastrite seguiu o Sistema de Sydney Atualizado, e a avaliação do risco de câncer gástrico seguiu os sistemas OLGA e OLGIM. A metodologia aplicada avaliou os escores dos sistemas OLGA e OLGIM com e sem a avaliação da biópsia da IA. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio de medidas descritivas (frequências, porcentagens, média, desvio padrão, intervalo de confiança de 95%). As classificações foram comparadas usando os testes de Kruskal-Wallis ou Wilcoxon. Para analisar a relação entre as frequências, foi usado o teste exato de Fisher bilateral. O escore de Wilson com correção de continuidade foi aplicado ao intervalo de confiança. Resultados: A idade média foi de 54.7 anos, com 52.57% de pacientes do sexo feminino e 47.43% do sexo masculino. A comparação entre o protocolo de biópsias utilizado (corpo + antro [CA] vs corpo + antro + incisura angular [CAI]) e os estágios OLGA e OLGIM mostrou uma diminuição significativa em ambos os sistemas de estadiamento quando o protocolo de biópsia restrito ao corpo e ao antro foi aplicado (OLGA CAI vs CA; P=0.008 / OLGIM CAI vs CA; P=0.002). A prevalência de lesões pré-malignas (GA, MI e displasia) da mucosa gástrica foi de (33.4%, 34% e 1.1%, respectivamente) na amostra total. A região do antro exibiu um número significativamente maior de alterações (P<0.001), com exceção da infecção por HP, que estava presente em 24.8% dos pacientes. Conclusão: A biópsia de IA é importante porque aumentou o número de casos diagnosticados em estágios mais avançados de MI e AG. O estudo teve limitações, sendo a principal delas o tamanho relativamente pequeno da amostra, composta principalmente por indivíduos saudáveis, embora em sua maioria idosos.

11.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 98(12): 673-679, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37866435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the epidemiology of Leber's optic neuropathy (NOHL) in the Region of Madrid. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The neuro-ophthalmologists who work at public hospitals of the CAM were interviewed by telephone. They were asked about the number of patients with NOHL that they had diagnosed during the time that they had been responsible for the neuro-ophthalmology department of that public hospital. The time worked and the population attended by the hospital were used to calculate the number of inhabitant-years in follow-up by each center during the corresponding period. The basic information of each case (date of birth, mutation, date of visual loss) was registered to avoid duplications. RESULTS: Our work estimates a global incidence of 2.34 cases for 10,000,000 inhabitants-year and a prevalence estimated from incidence of one case for each 106.682 inhabitants. This prevalence was very similar in all the studied areas and considerably lower than that reported by other studies. CONCLUSION: This work constitutes the first approach to the epidemiology of this disease in Spain. The prevalence of LHON in the region of Madrid, is probably lower than that reported in the literature in other regions. The prevalence and the incidence were homogeneously low in the 26 studied areas.


Assuntos
Oftalmologistas , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber , Humanos , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/diagnóstico , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/genética , Mutação , Cegueira , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 81(9): 816-824, Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520253

RESUMO

Abstract Background Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare genetic disease that causes progressive muscle weakness and impacts motor function. The type I is the most severe presentation and affects infants before 6 months old. In addition, the instruments available for assessing motor function have limitations when applied to infants with neuromuscular diseases and significant muscle weakness. Objective To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test of Neuromuscular Disorders (CHOP INTEND) to Brazilian Portuguese. Methods The present study comprised the translation, synthesis of translations, backtranslation, consolidation by a committee of experts, and test of the final version of the CHOP INTEND in 13 patients with SMA type I. We also assessed the content validity and reliability of the translated version. Results The scale was translated considering semantic, structural, idiomatic, and cultural aspects. All agreement rates were > 0.8, the overall content validity index of the instrument was 0.98, and inter-rater reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.998. Conclusion The Brazilian version of the CHOP INTEND met semantic and technical equivalence criteria with the original version and was valid and reliable for patients with SMA type I.


Resumo Antecedentes A atrofia muscular espinhal (AME) é uma doença genética rara que provoca fraqueza muscular progressiva com impacto sobre a motricidade dos pacientes. A AME tipo I é considerada o tipo mais grave e acomete lactentes antes dos 6 meses de idade. As escalas disponíveis para avaliação das aquisições motoras mostram limitações para uso com crianças pequenas com doenças neuromusculares e fraqueza importante. Objetivo Realizar a tradução, adaptação transcultural e validação para a língua portuguesa do Brasil da Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test of Neuromuscular Disorders (CHOP INTEND, na sigla em inglês). Métodos O presente estudo seguiu as etapas de tradução, síntese das traduções, retrotradução, consolidação por comitê de especialistas e teste com 13 pacientes com AME tipo 1. Foi avaliada a validade de conteúdo e a confiabilidade do instrumento. Resultados A escala foi traduzida considerando os aspectos semânticos, estruturais, idiomáticos e culturais. Todas as taxas de concordância foram > 0,8. O índice de validade de conteúdo geral do instrumento foi de 0,98. A confiabilidade interavaliadores analisada através do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC, na sigla em inglês) demonstrou um valor de ICC = 0,998. Conclusão A versão da CHOP INTEND em português atende aos critérios de equivalência semântica e técnica em relação à versão original e apresenta validade de conteúdo e confiabilidade para seu uso na população de pacientes com AME tipo I.

13.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 38(3)sept. 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535921

RESUMO

Aim: To establish the relationship between consuming foods considered risk factors for gastric cancer and trophic changes in gastric mucosa. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study. We included patients older than 18 admitted for upper GI endoscopy with biopsies who adequately answered a survey of personal history and eating habits. Those with a history of gastric cancer or gastric surgical resection for any reason were excluded. The association between feeding variables and trophic changes in the gastric mucosa was estimated. Results: In a population of 1,096 patients, the average age was 51 years (standard deviation [SD]: 15.5), and 59% were women. Trophic changes in the gastric mucosa were identified in 173 patients (15.8%). No statistical association was found between the independent variables of eating habits, obesity, and positive Helicobacter pylori versus the variable "trophic changes," unlike the variable "family history of gastric cancer" (odds ratio [OR]: 1.49 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-2.17, p = 0.036). One case of high-grade dysplasia was detected in the study population (0.91 cases in 1,000 patients). Conclusions: No association was established between eating habits and trophic changes in the gastric mucosa in the studied population. A family history of gastric cancer is a statistically significant risk factor for developing atrophy, metaplasia, or dysplasia changes.


Objetivo: establecer la relación entre el consumo de alimentos considerados como factores de riesgo para cáncer gástrico y la presencia de cambios tróficos de la mucosa gástrica. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal. Se incluyeron los pacientes mayores de 18 años admitidos para realización de endoscopia digestiva superior con toma de biopsias que respondieron adecuadamente una encuesta de antecedentes personales y hábitos de alimentación. Se excluyeron aquellos con antecedente de cáncer gástrico o resección quirúrgica gástrica por cualquier motivo. Se estimó la asociación entre las variables de alimentación y la presencia de cambios tróficos de la mucosa gástrica. Resultados: en una población de 1096 pacientes, el promedio de la edad fue 51 años (desviación estándar [DE]: 15,5), y correspondió en un 59% a mujeres. Se identificaron cambios tróficos de la mucosa gástrica en 173 pacientes (15,8%). No se obtuvo asociación estadística entre las variables independientes de hábitos de alimentación, obesidad y Helicobacter pylori positivo frente a la variable "cambios tróficos", a diferencia de la variable "antecedente familiar de cáncer gástrico" (odds ratio [OR]: 1,49; intervalo de confianza [IC] 95%: 1,03-2,17; p = 0,036). Se obtuvo 1 caso de displasia de alto grado en la población estudiada (0,91 casos en 1000 pacientes). Conclusiones: no se estableció una asociación entre los hábitos de alimentación y la presencia de cambios tróficos de la mucosa gástrica en la población estudiada. El antecedente familiar de cáncer gástrico se muestra como un factor de riesgo estadísticamente significativo para el desarrollo de cambios de atrofia, metaplasia o displasia.

14.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(2): 99-104, jul. 19, 2023. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1442642

RESUMO

La atrofodermia idiopática de Pasini y Pierini es una entidad poco frecuente y de etiología aún no esclarecida, se presenta con una frecuencia hasta seis veces mayor en mujeres que en hombres y una posible asociación con la esclerodermia localizada (morfea). Paciente femenina de 30 años, quien consultó por una lesión asintomática de dos años de evolución en el glúteo izquierdo. En el examen físico se evidenció una placa ovalada, deprimida y acrómica en su centro, que mide cinco por diez centímetros. La paciente había sido tratada previamente con múltiples terapias tópicas sin obtener mejoría clínica. Se realizó la biopsia de piel que demostraba cambios mínimos en epidermis, homogenización y adelgazamiento de colágeno sin afección de anexos. Se hizo correlación con los hallazgos clínicos y se decidió iniciar tratamiento con esteroides intralesionales de alta potencia (acetónido de triamcinolona). Posterior a la administración de dos aplicaciones del medicamento, con cuatro semanas de diferencia entre ellas, se evidenció la resolución completa de la dermatosis. Un mes después de la última dosis la paciente no mostró recidivas


diopathic atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini is a rare entity of unclear etiology, occurring as much as six times more frequently in women than in men, with a possible association with localized scleroderma (morphea). It is about a 30 years old woman who consulted with an asymptomatic lesion of two years of evolution on the left gluteal region. Physical examination revealed an oval plaque, depressed and acromic in its center, measuring five by ten centimeters. A 30 years old female patient who consulted about an asymptomatic lesion of two years of evolution on the left gluteal region. Physical examination revealed an oval plaque, depressed and acromic in its center, measuring five by ten centimeters. The patient was previously treated with multiple topical therapies without clinical improvement.Skin biopsy showed minimal changes in the epidermis, homogenization, and thinning of the collagen without adnexal involvement. After a correlation was made with the clinical findings, starting treatment with high-potency intralesional steroids (triamcinolone acetonide) was recommended. After administering two applications of the drug, four weeks apart, the complete resolution of the dermatosis was evidenced. One month after the last dose, the patient showed no recurrence


Assuntos
Humanos , Esclerodermia Localizada , Dermatopatias , El Salvador
15.
Rev Argent Microbiol ; 55(4): 355-365, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37385833

RESUMO

Gastric adenocarcinoma is associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. The transition to a carcinogenic process is preceded by glandular atrophy and serum levels of pepsinogen I and II (PGI and PGII) correlate with this type of gastric lesions. Possible associations of serum PG levels in relation to the frequency of serological activity against H. pylori antigens were studied. Serum samples from patients with gastric pathology associated with H. pylori (n=26) and asymptomatic individuals as controls (n=37) were used. Seroactive antigens were identified by immunoblot using a protein extract of H. pylori. The antibody titers anti-H. pylori and the concentration of PGs in serum was determined by ELISA. Thirty-one seroactive antigens were identified, nine of which exhibited a differential frequency between both groups (116.7, 68.8, 61.9, 54.9, 45.6, 38.3, 36.5, 33.8 and 30.1kDa) and only 3 were related to altered levels of PGs in serum. In the control group, the seropositivity of the 33.8kDa antigen was related to an increase in PGII, while the 68.8kDa antigen was related to normal PG values (decreased PGII and elevated PGI/PGII levels) indicating that seropositivity to this antigen could be a protective factor to gastric pathology. The seropositivity of the 54.9kDa antigen was related to altered values of PGs indicative of inflammation and gastric atrophy (increased in PGII and decreased in PGI/PGII). The identification of serum alterations in pepsinogen levels related to seropositivity to H. pylori 33.8, 54.9 and 68.8kDa antigens sets a precedent for further study as possible prognostic serological biomarkers.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Pepsinogênio A , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Estômago , Pepsinogênio C , Atrofia/complicações
16.
Rev. esp. cir. oral maxilofac ; 45(2): 57-63, abr.-jun. 2023. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-224289

RESUMO

Introducción: La reabsorción severa del maxilar en pacientes totalmente edéntulos en ocasiones imposibilita la colocación de implantes endoóseos estándares para rehabilitar la ausencia de dientes. Para este tipo de atrofias tan severas se patentaron en 1938 en Suecia los implantes subperiósticos. Este tipo de implantes subperiósticos personalizados (ISP) han tenido excelentes resultados a lo largo de estos últimos años pero no están exentos de complicaciones. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es describir las principales complicaciones con este tipo de implantes y cuáles han sido las modificaciones que hemos realizado en el diseño de los mismos para intentar evitarlas.Material y método: Diseñamos un estudio de seguimiento retrospectivo de 15 pacientes con atrofia severa del maxilar superior tratados en 2 centros privados con un ISP en los años 2021 y 2022. Resultados: Los 8 primeros pacientes fueron tratados con un ISP bilateral y los 7 restantes con dos ISP uno a cada lado del maxilar. Todos los pacientes fueron rehabilitados con una prótesis provisional atornillada a las 48 horas de la cirugía y sustituida a los 3 meses por una prótesis fija definitiva. En 5 pacientes (33,33 %) tuvimos complicaciones postoperatorias menores. Conclusiones: A pesar de las limitaciones del estudio consideramos que el uso de ISP en pacientes con atrofia severa del maxilar es un tratamiento predecible y con excelentes resultados. La exposición es la principal complicación en nuestra serie de casos y consideramos que el uso de ISP dobles individuales y de una guía de corte minimizan el riesgo de que aparezca. (AU)


Introduction: Severe resorption of the maxilla in fully edentulous patients sometimes makes it impossible to place standard endoosseous implants to rehabilitate the absence of teeth. For such severe atrophies subperiosteal implants were patented in 1938 in Sweden. This type of subperiosteal implants have had excellent results over the last few years but are not without complications. The aim of our study is to describe the main complications with this type of implants and witch modifications have been made trying to avoid them. Material and method: We designed a retrospective follow-up study of 15 patients with severe upper jaw atrophy treated in 2 private centers with a customized subperiosteal implant in 2021 and 2022, to which we apply a few modifications in the design of the same. Results: First eight patients were treated with a single bilateral subperiosteal implant and the remaining seven with two subperiosteal implants, one on each side of the maxilla. All patients were treated with a temporary prosthesis bolted 48 hours after surgery and replaced at three months with a definitive prosthesis. In five patients (33.33%), we had minor postoperative complications. Conclusions: Despite the limitations of the study, we think that the use of customized subperiosteal implants in patients with severe maxillary atrophy is a predictable treatment with excellent results. Exposure is the main complication in our case series and we consider that the use of individual double subperiosteal implant and a bone cutting guide help to minimize the risk of this complication. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Implante Dentário Subperiósteo/efeitos adversos , Atrofia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos , Regeneração
17.
Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol ; 98(5): 276-280, mayo 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-219936

RESUMO

Objetivo Analizar la prevalencia de signos tomográficos no exudativos (signo de cebolla, seudoedema, tubulación de la retina externa, seudoquistes, hendiduras subretinianas y atrofia macular) en pacientes con degeneración macular asociada a la edad neovascular. Material y métodos Un total de 174 ojos de pacientes con degeneración macular asociada a la edad neovascular que no habían recibido tratamiento previo fueron incluidos en el estudio. Se valoró la agudeza visual, la actividad de la neovascularización y la aparición o no de los distintos signos objeto de estudio en los tiempos 0 (visita inicial), 4 meses, un año, año y medio y a los 2 y 3 años de seguimiento. Se evaluaron también: la edad, el sexo, el ojo afecto y el tipo de neovascularización (1, 2, 3, polipoidea o mixta). Los análisis se han realizado mediante el software estadístico R (versión 3.3.2) y el paquete glmmADMB (versión 0.8.3.3). Resultados La presencia de seudoquistes y tubulación de la retina externa va en aumento a lo largo del seguimiento. El signo de cebolla comienza con una frecuencia ascendente hasta los 12 meses, posteriormente desciende a los 18 meses y vuelve a incrementarse a los 24 meses. En cuanto al seudoedema, mantiene un incremento hasta los 18 meses para finalmente descender. Las hendiduras subretinianas son el signo más raro, presentándose en el 1,1% en la primera visita. Finalmente, la atrofia macular, presente en el 12,6% de los ojos inicialmente, se encuentra en el 25% a los 2 años. Conclusión Los seudoquistes, la tubulación de la retina externa y la atrofia macular fueron los signos más prevalentes, mientras que las hendiduras subretinianas fueron los más infrecuentes (AU)


Objective To analyze the prevalence of non-exudative tomographic signs (onion sign, pseudoswelling, external retinal tubulation, pseudocysts, subretinal clefts and macular atrophy) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Material and methods A total of 174 eyes of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration who had not received previous treatment were included in the study. Visual acuity, neovascularization activity, and the appearance or not of the different signs under study were assessed at times 0 (initial visit), 4 months, one year, year and a half, and at 2 and 3 years of follow-up. The following were also evaluated: age, sex, affected eye and type of neovascularization (1, 2, 3, polypoid or mixed). The analysis were performed using the statistical software R (version 3.3.2) and the glmmADMB package (version 0.8.3.3). Results The presence of pseudocysts and external retinal tubulation increases throughout the follow-up. The onion sign begins with an ascending frequency up to 12 months, then decreases at 18 months and increases again at 24 months. Regarding pseudowelling, it maintains an increase until 18 months to finally decrease. Subretinal clefts is the rarest sign, presenting in 1.1% on the first visit. Finally, macular atrophy, present in 12.6% of the eyes initially, is found in 25% after 2 years. Conclusion Pseudocysts, external retinal tubulation and macular atrophy were the most prevalent signs, while subretinal clefts were the most infrequent (AU)


Assuntos
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/diagnóstico por imagem , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neovascularização Retiniana , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual
18.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 76(10)May 16, 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-220502

RESUMO

Objetivo: Describir una serie de pacientes con ataxia episódica tipo 2 (AE2) según variables epidemiológicas, clínicas, radiológicas y terapéuticas. Material y métodos. Revisión retrospectiva de pacientes con diagnóstico molecular de AE2 (mutación en CACNA1A) entre 1988 y 2022, información recogida de la base de datos de la Unidad de Trastornos del Movimiento de nuestro centro. Se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: Se analizó a 10 pacientes procedentes de cinco familias. La mediana de edad en el momento del diagnóstico fue 37,5 años, con un retraso diagnóstico de 20 años. El 50% asociaba epilepsia, migraña, distonía o alteraciones neuropsiquiátricas. El 70% tenía una historia familiar de síntomas asociados a CACNA1A. Dos pacientes heterocigotos consanguíneos tuvieron descendencia homocigota con mortalidad infantil por encefalopatía epiléptica de inicio precoz de tipo 42. Se detectaron cinco variantes diferentes de CACNA1A. El 80% mostró factores desencadenantes, y el estrés fue el más común. La frecuencia episódica más habitual fue semanal. Seis pacientes desarrollaron ataxia interepisódica, aunque sólo uno precisó apoyo en la marcha. El 50% de los pacientes con neuroimagen presentó atrofia cerebelosa. El 80% inició acetazolamida durante el seguimiento, con respuesta a dosis altas en el 75%. La nefrolitiasis fue el efecto adverso más frecuente. La 4-aminopiridina fue una alternativa eficaz. Conclusiones: La AE2 presenta una alta variabilidad fenotípica inter- e intrafamiliar. El fenotipo más frecuente fueron episodios de inestabilidad, de horas de duración, semanales, con estrés como desencadenante, ataxia persistente y nistagmo evocado por la mirada. La acetazolamida, aunque es eficaz, no está exenta de complicaciones. El retraso diagnóstico es muy frecuente.(AU)


Objectives: To describe a series of patients with episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2), attending to epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and therapeutic variables. Material and methods: Retrospective revision of patients with molecular diagnosis of EA2 (CACNA1A mutations), between 1988 and 2022. Information achieved from the database of our Movement Disorders clinic. A descriptive statistical analysis was made. Results: Ten patients from five families were analyzed (six women). Median age at diagnosis was 37.5 years-old, with a median diagnostic delay of 20 years. 70% reported familial history of CACNA1A associated symptoms, although 50% presented migraine, epilepsy, dystonia, or neuropsychiatric alterations. Two heterozygous consanguineous patients had homozygotic descendance with infant mortality due to early-onset epileptic encephalopathy type 42. Five pathogenic/probably pathogenic CACNA1A variants were detected. 80% of patients had episodic triggers, being stress the most common. Episodes had a weekly frequency before treatment initiation. Six patients developed chronic ataxia (one patient demand gait support). 50% of patients with neuroimaging presented cerebellar atrophy. Acetazolamide were initiated in 80%, and 75% of them showed improvement of episodic symptoms. Nephrolithiasis was the most frequent side effect. Conclusions: EA2 has a great intrafamilial and interfamilial phenotypic variability. The most frequent phenotype were weekly episodes of unsteadiness, several hours of length, stress as the main trigger, chronic ataxia and gaze-evoked nystagmus. Acetazolamide is effective, although complications are usual. Neurologist must be alert as diagnostic delay is constant.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Ataxia , Acetazolamida , Dissinergia Cerebelar Mioclônica , Enxaqueca com Aura , Neurologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso
19.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 98(5): 276-280, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37037324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of non-exudative tomographic signs (onion sign, pseudoswelling, external retinal tubulation, pseudocysts, subretinal clefts and macular atrophy) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 174 eyes of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration who had not received previous treatment were included in the study. Visual acuity, neovascularization activity, and the appearance or not of the different signs under study were assessed at times 0 (initial visit), 4 months, one year, year and a half, and at 2 and 3 years of follow-up. The following were also evaluated: age, sex, affected eye and type of neovascularization (1, 2, 3, polypoid or mixed). The analysis were performed using the statistical software R (version 3.3.2) and the glmmADMB package (version 0.8.3.3). RESULTS: The presence of pseudocysts and external retinal tubulation increases throughout the follow-up. The onion sign begins with an ascending frequency up to 12 months, then decreases at 18 months and increases again at 24 months. Regarding pseudowelling, it maintains an increase until 18 months to finally decrease. Subretinal clefts is the rarest sign, presenting in 1.1% on the first visit. Finally, macular atrophy, present in 12.6% of the eyes initially, is found in 25% after 2 years. CONCLUSION: Pseudocysts, external retinal tubulation and macular atrophy were the most prevalent signs, while subretinal clefts were the most infrequent.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Humanos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Angiofluoresceinografia , Retina/patologia , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Atrofia/patologia
20.
Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol ; 98(4): 233-237, abr. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-218547

RESUMO

La atrofia coriorretiniana pigmentada paravenosa es una entidad infrecuente, asociada a enfermedades autoinmunes y otras complicaciones oculares, generalmente multifocal, bilateral y simétrica. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente con artritis reumatoide que acude por dolor de varios días. Presenta disminución de agudeza visual de ojo izquierdo, escleritis nodular y atrofia coriorretiniana con acumulación de pigmento en espículas óseas en arcada vascular temporal inferior y agujero macular lamelar. El ojo derecho no presenta alteraciones. La autofluorescencia del ojo izquierdo muestra hipoautofluorescencia de bordes definidos en la lesión. La angiografía con fluoresceína evidencia hiperfluorescencia compatible con degeneración del epitelio pigmentario retiniano y bloqueo en las áreas de pigmento. El campo visual revela un defecto altitudinal en hemicampo superior. Este caso describe una atrofia coriorretiniana pigmentada paravenosa atípica unifocal y unilateral. Se debe conocer esta variante para realizar un correcto diagnóstico diferencial, así como proporcionar una información pronóstica adecuada (AU)


Paravenous pigmented chorioretinal atrophy is a generally multifocal, bilateral and symmetric rare entity associated with autoimmune diseases and other ocular complications. We present the clinical case of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who attended for pain of several days. He presented decreased visual acuity of the left eye, nodular scleritis and chorioretinal atrophy with pigment accumulation in bone spicules in the inferior temporal vascular arcade and lamellar macular hole. The right eye shows no alterations. LE autofluorescence shows a hypoautofluorescence lesion with defined edges. Fluorescein angiography shows hyperfluorescence consistent with retinal pigmentary epithelial degeneration and blockage in pigment areas. The visual field reveals a defect in the superior hemifield. This case describes an atypical unifocal and unilateral paravenous pigmented chorioretinal atrophy. This variant must be known to make a correct differential diagnosis, as well as to provide adequate prognostic information (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Corioide/diagnóstico por imagem , Corioide/patologia , Degeneração Retiniana/etiologia , Veia Retiniana/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Atrofia/patologia
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