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1.
Hig. Aliment. (Online) ; 38(298): e1145, jan.-jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1531447

RESUMO

A higienização é um procedimento importante na indústria de alimentos e sua realização deve ocorrer rotineiramente para evitar que os alimentos sejam contaminados. Além disso, todos os manipuladores de alimentos devem receber treinamentos de modo a entender como ocorrem as contaminações e como evitá-las, para que não ocorra deterioração antecipada dos alimentos e para que não exponham os consumidores ao risco de doenças transmitidas por alimentos em caso de contaminação. Esta pesquisa avaliou o processo de higienização e sua eficiência em superfícies presentes em uma agroindústria da agricultura familiar produtora de embutidos cárneos. Apesar de ter instalações adequadas a agroindústria apresentava inadequações quanto aos produtos utilizados e a frequência inadequada para uma higienização eficiente. Foi realizada análise microbiológica das superfícies dos equipamentos para contagem de aeróbios mesófilos e notou-se uma elevada carga microbiana que indicou uma baixa eficiência no processo de higienização. Sugeriu-se melhorias na higiene ambiental associado à instrução dos colaboradores, para contribuir na promoção da qualidade dos produtos, aumento dos lucros e salvaguardando a saúde do consumidor.


Hygiene is an important procedure in the food industry, and its performance must occur routinely to prevent food from being contaminated. In addition, all food handlers must receive training in order to understand how contamination occurs and how to avoid it, so that there is no anticipated deterioration of food and that consumers are not exposed to the risk of foodborne diseases. in case of contamination by pathogenic microorganisms. Thus, this research evaluated the cleaning process and its efficiency on surfaces present in a family farming agroindustry that produces meat products, which despite having adequate facilities, had some difficulties such as product use and inadequate frequency for eficiente cleaning. After performing a microbiological analysis to count surface mesophilic aerobes, a high level of contamination was noted, relating to low efficiency in the cleaning process. Improvements in environmental hygiene are suggested, associated with the instruction of employees for the implementation of the Standard Operating Hygiene Procedure, promoting improvements in product quality, increasing profits and safeguarding consumer health.


Assuntos
Bovinos , Higiene dos Alimentos , Indústria da Carne/normas , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Brasil , Indústria Alimentícia/normas , Produtos da Carne
2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1309: 342668, 2024 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has gained widespread use in molecule-level detection benefiting from its high sensitivity, nondestructive data acquisition, and capacity for providing molecular fingerprint information. However, the strong adhesion of target molecules to the substrate (known as the "memory effect") inherently hinders the reusability of SERS substrates. Research has shown that self-cleaning SERS substrates based on versatile semiconductor materials with SERS enhancement capabilities and solar photocatalytic properties offer an effective platform for the sensitive detection and degradation of harmful molecules. RESULTS: In this research, a resuable SERS-active substrate was facilely fabricated by anchoring silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to the edges of MoS2 nanosheet decorated on ZnO nanorod arrays (NRAs). This innovative design exhibited a remarkable SERS enhancement factor (EF) of 4.6 × 107 and demonstrated significant solar photocatalytic efficiency. Such superior characteristics of ternary plasma heterojunction were ascribable to the synergistic effect of the "Schottky barrier" and "hot spots" between MoS2 and AgNPs, the inherent chemical enhancement proficiency of the MoS2/ZnO NRAs heterojunction, as well as the ultrafast electron transfer within the ternary heterojunction. SIGNIFICANCE: The developed ternary heterojunction substrate enabled highly sensitive SERS detection of trace amounts of organic molecules. Moreover, this SERS substrate exhibited self-cleaning and recyclability via solar-light-driven photocatalysis. This bifunctional recyclable SERS substrate proved capable of meeting various requirements for routine monitoring of environmental organic pollutants and provided a robust avenue for advancing energy utilization materials that serve as high-performance SERS sensors and catalysts.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132355, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754677

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel programable sewage-cleaning technology for the regeneration of antibacterial nanocomposites via the removal of wastewater pollutants is presented. Montmorillonite (MMT) was encapsulated in poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-enhanced chitosan (CTS) hydrogels to form MMT-loaded nanocomposite biofilms (PCM). The PCM nanocomposite biofilms exhibited increased breaking strength and elongation at break, by factors of approximately 1.38 and 1.40, respectively, compared with those of the pure PVA/CTS biofilms. The maximum adsorption capacity of the PCM nanocomposite biofilms toward tetracycline and Ag(I) is 275.0 and 567.0 mg/g, respectively. The adsorbed nanocomposite biofilms exhibited excellent antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Meanwhile, the nanocomposite also showed an effective adsorption capacity toward other toxic components, where the highest adsorption capacity is 2748.0 mg/g (for methyl blue). The simulation results indicated that the adsorption behaviors of the malachite green, neutral red, methyl blue, tetracycline, Cu(II), Zn(II), and Ag(I) by the PCM nanocomposite biofilms followed pseudo-second-order kinetic and Freundlich isotherm models. Furthermore, the PCM nanocomposite biofilms are stable in PBS solution but degradable in lysozyme-containing PBS solution, suggesting their potential application in the wastewater treatment as well as antibacterial fields.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730843

RESUMO

The construction industry strives for sustainable solutions to tackle environmental challenges and optimize resource use. One such focus area is the management of industrial byproducts and waste materials, including fugitive dust control through wheel washers. While wheel washers play a pivotal role in dust management, they generate a challenging byproduct known as wheel washer sludge (WWS). The disposal of WWS is complicated due to its composition and potential hazards. Recent research explores reusing WWS in construction materials, particularly in repair mortar, aiming for sustainability and circular economy principles. This study investigates the incorporation of WWS into repair mortar formulations, evaluating mechanical properties, durability, and environmental implications. Results show that WWS enhances workability but prolongs setting time. Mechanical strength tests reveal improvements with WWS addition, especially when pretreated. Water absorption rates decrease with pretreated WWS, indicating enhanced durability. Chemical attack tests demonstrate resistance to carbonation and chloride penetration, especially with modified WWS. Freeze-thaw tests reveal improved resistance with WWS addition, particularly modified. Microstructure analysis confirms hydration products and denser matrices with WWS inclusion. Environmental hazard analysis shows WWS contains no harmful heavy metals, indicating its suitability for use in repairs. Overall, this study highlights the technical feasibility and environmental benefits of incorporating WWS into repair mortar, contributing to sustainable construction practices.

5.
Sci Prog ; 107(2): 368504241250176, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752257

RESUMO

In this study, we introduce a method for estimating the position of a self-driving solar panel-cleaning mobile robot. This estimation relies on line counts, typically 16 cm in panel width, obtained through image processing on the panel floor, along with wheel encoder information and inertial sensor data. To achieve accurate line counts, we introduce two adjusted threshold values and allow offsets in these values based on the robot's speed. Additionally, inertial measurement unit (IMU) signals assist in determining whether a line is horizontal or vertical, depending on the robot's movement direction on the panel, utilizing the robot's heading angle and detected line angle. When the robot is positioned between lines on the panel, more precise location estimation is necessary beyond simple line counts. To tackle this challenge, we integrate the extended Kalman filter with IMU data and encoder information, significantly enhancing position estimation. This integration achieves an RMSE accuracy value of up to 0.089 m, notably at a relatively high speed of 100 mm/s. This margin of error is almost half that of the vision-based line-counting method.

6.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(9): 2538-2557, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747966

RESUMO

Electroplating wastewater contains heavy metal ions and organic matter. These contaminants not only endanger the environment but also pose risks to human health. Despite the development of various treatment processes such as chemical precipitation MBR, electrocoagulation (EC) ceramic membrane (CM), coagulation ultrafiltration (UF) reverse osmosis (RO), and CM RO. These methods are only effective for low concentrations of heavy metals and struggle with high concentrations. To address the challenge of treating electroplating wastewater with high heavy metal content, this study focuses on the wastewater from Dongfang Aviation Machinery Processing Plant. It introduces an EC and integrated membrane (IM) treatment process for electroplating wastewater. The IM comprises microfiltration (MF) membrane, nanofiltration (NF) membrane, and RO membrane. Results indicated that under specific conditions, such as a pH of 8, current density of 5 A/dm2, electrode plate spacing of 2 cm, 35 min of electrolysis time, and influent pH of 10 for the IM, removal rates of Zn2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and TCr in the wastewater exceeded 99%. The removal rates of chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SS), total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), and petroleum in wastewater exceed 97%. Following a continuous cleaning process, the membrane flux can consistently recover to over 94.3%.


Assuntos
Membranas Artificiais , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias , Águas Residuárias/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Galvanoplastia , Purificação da Água/métodos , Metais Pesados , Eletrocoagulação/métodos
7.
Food Chem ; 451: 139515, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703734

RESUMO

Imidacloprid (IMI) are widely used in modern tea industry for pest control, but IMI residues pose a great threat to human health. Herein, we propose a regeneration metal-semiconductor SERS substrate for IMI detection. We fabricated the SERS sensor through the in-situ growth of a nano-heterostructure incorporating a semiconductor (TiO2) and plasmonic metals (Au, Ag) on oxidized carbon cloth (OCC). Leveraging the high-density hot spots, the formed Ag/AuNPs-TiO2-OCC substrate exhibits higher enhancement factors (1.92 × 108) and uniformity (RSD = 7.68%). As for the detection of IMI on the substrate, the limit of detection was lowered to 4.1 × 10-6 µg/mL. With a hydrophobic structure, the Ag/AuNPs-TiO2-OCC possessed excellent self-cleaning performance addressing the limitation of single-use associated with traditional SERS substrates, as well as the degradation capability of the substrate under ultraviolet (UV) light. Accordingly, Ag/AuNPs-TiO2-OCC showcases outstanding SERS sensing and regenerating properties, making it poised for extensive application in the field of food safety assurance.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774479

RESUMO

For deep learning-based machine learning, not only are large and sufficiently diverse data crucial but their good qualities are equally important. However, in real-world applications, it is very common that raw source data may contain incorrect, noisy, inconsistent, improperly formatted and sometimes missing elements, particularly, when the datasets are large and sourced from many sites. In this paper, we present our work towards preparing and making image data ready for the development of AI-driven approaches for studying various aspects of the natural history of oral cancer. Specifically, we focus on two aspects: 1) cleaning the image data; and 2) extracting the annotation information. Data cleaning includes removing duplicates, identifying missing data, correcting errors, standardizing data sets, and removing personal sensitive information, toward combining data sourced from different study sites. These steps are often collectively referred to as data harmonization. Annotation information extraction includes identifying crucial or valuable texts that are manually entered by clinical providers related to the image paths/names and standardizing of the texts of labels. Both are important for the successful deep learning algorithm development and data analyses. Specifically, we provide details on the data under consideration, describe the challenges and issues we observed that motivated our work, present specific approaches and methods that we used to clean and standardize the image data and extract labelling information. Further, we discuss the ways to increase efficiency of the process and the lessons learned. Research ideas on automating the process with ML-driven techniques are also presented and discussed. Our intent in reporting and discussing such work in detail is to help provide insights in automating or, minimally, increasing the efficiency of these critical yet often under-reported processes.

9.
JMIR Form Res ; 8: e51013, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient adherence to medications can be assessed using interactive digital health technologies such as electronic monitors (EMs). Changes in treatment regimens and deviations from EM use over time must be characterized to establish the actual level of medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: We developed the computer script CleanADHdata.R to clean raw EM adherence data, and this tutorial is a guide for users. METHODS: In addition to raw EM data, we collected adherence start and stop monitoring dates and identified the prescribed regimens, the expected number of EM openings per day based on the prescribed regimen, EM use deviations, and patients' demographic data. The script formats the data longitudinally and calculates each day's medication implementation. RESULTS: We provided a simulated data set for 10 patients, for which 15 EMs were used over a median period of 187 (IQR 135-342) days. The median patient implementation before and after EM raw data cleaning was 83.3% (IQR 71.5%-93.9%) and 97.3% (IQR 95.8%-97.6%), respectively (Δ+14%). This difference is substantial enough to consider EM data cleaning to be capable of avoiding data misinterpretation and providing a cleaned data set for the adherence analysis in terms of implementation and persistence. CONCLUSIONS: The CleanADHdata.R script is a semiautomated procedure that increases standardization and reproducibility. This script has broader applicability within the realm of digital health, as it can be used to clean adherence data collected with diverse digital technologies.

10.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; : 105649, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782234

RESUMO

Permitted Daily Exposure Limits (PDEs) are set for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) to control cross-contamination when manufacturing medicinal products in shared facilities. With the lack of official PDE lists for pharmaceuticals, PDEs have to be set by each company separately. Although general rules and guidelines for the setting of PDEs exist, inter-company variations in the setting of PDE occur and are considered acceptable within a certain range. To evaluate the robustness of the PDE approach between different pharmaceutical companies, data on PDE setting of five marketed APIs (amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide, metformin, morphine, and omeprazole) were collected and compared. Findings show that the variability between PDE values is within acceptable ranges (below 10-fold) for all compounds, with the highest difference for morphine due to different Point of Departures (PODs) and Adjustment Factors (AFs). Factors of PDE variability identified and further discussed are: (1) availability of data, (2) selection of POD, (3) assignment of AFs, (4) route-to-route extrapolation, and (5) expert judgement and differences in company policies. We conclude that the investigated PDE methods and calculations are robust and scientifically defensible. Additionally, we provide further recommendations to harmonise PDE calculation approaches across the pharmaceutical industry.

11.
ACS Sens ; 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785322

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small cellular organelles involved in intracellular signaling and cell-to-cell interactions. Recent studies suggested that exosomes may have potential applications in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, extracellular vesicles of the human nonsmall cell lung cancer cell line H1299 and the unlabeled antiCD63 antibody were imaged using a new label-free terahertz chemical microscopy (TCM) technique to detect changes in the terahertz wave amplitude. To verify the high specificity of the protein biomarkers and the sensitivity of the biosensor surface, we also confirmed the selective binding of the antibody to the antigen, bovine serum albumin, and cancer cells. We also performed real-time measurements of the interaction between EVs from the H1299 cell and the antiCD63 antibody, which showed that the amount of change in the terahertz intensity increased with increasing concentration and the time to saturation decreased. Finally, to reuse the used biosensors (sensing plates), plasma-oxygen cleaning was used, and the activity of the biosensor surface was confirmed by terahertz microscopy and atomic force microscopy and was found to be reusable after less than 3 min of cleaning. Consequently, terahertz chemical microscopy was able to detect the presence or absence of antigen-antibody binding and its reaction rate and binding strength.

12.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e29970, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694052

RESUMO

In this study TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles were employed as a protective coating to impart multifunctional properties, i.e. self-cleaning, water repellency, UV protection and antimicrobial activity onto jute-cotton union fabric. Through the sol-gel method, using titanium (IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) and zinc acetate as precursors, TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles have been synthesized. Following the dip-pad-dry-cure method along with a 2 wt% of acrylic binder, the synthesized particles were applied on the jute-cotton union fabric. Subsequently, antibacterial activity, self-cleaning properties and physical properties like water absorbency, crease recovery, water vapor permeability, tensile strength, and tear strength of the treated fabric were tested and evaluated. The structural properties of the nano-particles were distinguished by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and SEM. Upon comparing the test results of the coated fabric with the uncoated fabric, the results were found to be extremely satisfactory. This study provided valuable insights into the potential of TiO2 and ZnO coating in enhancing properties of jute-cotton union fabric.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 403: 130860, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763205

RESUMO

Low-maintenance membrane cleaning is essential for the stable operation of membrane bioreactors. This work proposes an in-situ electrical-cleaning method using an electro-MBR. When the applied bias was transiently increased, the membrane flux recovered rapidly because of the scouring effect from gas evolution reactions. The exfoliation of the cake layer induced by gas scouring played a major role in mitigating membrane fouling, recovering the transmembrane pressure (TMP) by 88.6 % under optimal conditions. Membrane modules did not require replacement during the operation period due to the efficacy of electrical cleaning, with the TMP varying between 37.5 % and 62.5 % of the ultimate pressure requiring change of the membrane modules. Despite the increase in power consumption of 0.66 Wh·m-3 due to the additional applied bias, there was no need for chemical additives or manual maintenance. Therefore, the electrical cleaning method enhanced the service life and reduced the maintenance costs of the electro-MBR.

14.
Ecol Evol ; 14(5): e11292, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725827

RESUMO

Plant trait data are used to quantify how plants respond to environmental factors and can act as indicators of ecosystem function. Measured trait values are influenced by genetics, trade-offs, competition, environmental conditions, and phenology. These interacting effects on traits are poorly characterized across taxa, and for many traits, measurement protocols are not standardized. As a result, ancillary information about growth and measurement conditions can be highly variable, requiring a flexible data structure. In 2007, the TRY initiative was founded as an integrated database of plant trait data, including ancillary attributes relevant to understanding and interpreting the trait values. The TRY database now integrates around 700 original and collective datasets and has become a central resource of plant trait data. These data are provided in a generic long-table format, where a unique identifier links different trait records and ancillary data measured on the same entity. Due to the high number of trait records, plant taxa, and types of traits and ancillary data released from the TRY database, data preprocessing is necessary but not straightforward. Here, we present the 'rtry' R package, specifically designed to support plant trait data exploration and filtering. By integrating a subset of existing R functions essential for preprocessing, 'rtry' avoids the need for users to navigate the extensive R ecosystem and provides the functions under a consistent syntax. 'rtry' is therefore easy to use even for beginners in R. Notably, 'rtry' does not support data retrieval or analysis; rather, it focuses on the preprocessing tasks to optimize data quality. While 'rtry' primarily targets TRY data, its utility extends to data from other sources, such as the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON). The 'rtry' package is available on the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN; https://cran.r-project.org/package=rtry) and the GitHub Wiki (https://github.com/MPI-BGC-Functional-Biogeography/rtry/wiki) along with comprehensive documentation and vignettes describing detailed data preprocessing workflows.

15.
J Oleo Sci ; 73(5): 675-681, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692891

RESUMO

Protein soils must be removed for both appearance and hygienic reasons. They are denatured by heat treatment or bleaching and cleaned using enzymes. Among the various types of protein soils, blood soils are the most noticeable and known to be denatured by heat and bleaching by oxidation. We verified herein that the detergency of heat and oxidatively denatured hemoglobin is greatly improved by the enzyme immersing treatment in the detergency with SDS and can be analyzed using the probability density functional method. The probability density functional method evaluates the cleaning power by assuming that the adhesion and cleaning force of soils are not uniquely determined, but instead have a distribution in intensity, with a usefulness that had recently been demonstrated. This analytical method showed that the cleaning power of the enzyme immersing treatment improved when the soil adhesive force was decreased due to denatured protein degradation, even though the cleaning power of the SDS remained unchanged, and the values were consistent with those in the cleaning test. In conclusion, the probability density functional method can be used to analyze enzymatic degradation of denatured protein soils and the resulting changes in their detergency.


Assuntos
Desnaturação Proteica , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Oxirredução , Temperatura Alta , Hemoglobinas/química , Solo/química , Probabilidade
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(19): 25221-25235, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38688012

RESUMO

This study aims at understanding the effect of the photoreduction process during the synthesis of gold (Au)-doped TiO2 colloids on the conferred functionalities on cotton fabrics. TiO2/Au and TiO2/Au/SiO2 colloids were synthesized through the sol-gel method with and without undergoing the photoreduction step based on different molar ratios of Au:Ti (0.001 and 0.01) and TiO2/SiO2 (1:1 and 1:2.3). The colloids were applied to cotton fabrics, and the obtained photocatalytic self-cleaning, wet photocatalytic activity, UV protection, and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria were investigated. The obtained results demonstrated that the photoreduction of Au weakened the self-cleaning effect and reduced the photocatalytic activity of coated fabrics. Also, an excess amount of Au deteriorated the photocatalytic activity under both UV and visible light. The most efficient self-cleaning effect was obtained on fabrics coated with a ternary TiO2/Au/SiO2 colloid containing ionic Au, where it decomposed coffee and red-wine stains after 3 h of illumination. Adding silica (SiO2) made the fabrics superhydrophilic and led to greater methylene blue (MB) dye adsorption, a faster dye degradation pace, and more efficient stain removal. Moreover, the photoreduction process affected the size of Au nanoparticles (NPs), weakened the antibacterial activity of fabrics against both types of tested bacteria, and modestly increased the UV protection. In general, the photoactivity of Au-doped colloids was influenced by the synthesis method, the ionic and metallic states of the Au dopant, the concentration of the Au dopant, and the presence and concentration of silica.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Coloides , Fibra de Algodão , Escherichia coli , Ouro , Staphylococcus aureus , Titânio , Titânio/química , Titânio/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Ouro/química , Ouro/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Coloides/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Catálise , Raios Ultravioleta , Oxirredução
17.
J Public Health Dent ; 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)-that is, experiences of abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction-are related to lower preventive dental care utilization in childhood and adolescence. However, limited research has explored the connection between ACEs and preventive dental care utilization in adulthood, and no research has examined this relationship during pregnancy. The current study extends existing research by investigating the relationship between ACEs and dental cleaning and dental care utilization during pregnancy among a sample of women who delivered live births in North Dakota and South Dakota. METHODS: Data are from the 2017 to 2021 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) in North Dakota and South Dakota (n = 7391). Multiple logistic regression is used to examine the relationship between the number of ACEs (0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 or more) and dental cleaning during pregnancy. RESULTS: Relative to respondents with 0 ACEs, those with 4 or more ACEs were significantly less likely to report having dental care during pregnancy (OR = 0.757, 95% CI = 0.638, 0.898). By racial and ethnic background, the results showed that the significant associations are concentrated among White and Native American respondents. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that exposure to 4 or more ACEs is associated with a significantly lower likelihood of dental cleaning during pregnancy among women who delivered a live birth in North Dakota and South Dakota. Further investigations are necessary to understand the mechanisms underlying the relationship between ACEs and dental cleaning during pregnancy and replicate the findings in other geographic contexts.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615807

RESUMO

While wastewater and paint particles discharged from the in-water cleaning process of ship hulls are consistently released into benthic ecosystems, their hazardous effects on non-target animals remain largely unclear. In this study, we provide evidence on acute harmful effects of hull cleaning wastewater in marine polychaete Perinereis aibuhitensis by analyzing physiological and biochemical parameters such as survival, burrowing activity, and oxidative status. Raw wastewater samples were collected during ship hull cleaning processes in the field. Two wastewater samples for the exposure experiment were prepared in the laboratory: 1) mechanically filtered in the in-water cleaning system (MF) and 2) additionally filtered with a 0.45 µm filter in the laboratory (LF). These wastewater samples contained high concentrations of metals (zinc and copper) and metal-based booster biocides (copper pyrithione and zinc pyrithione) compared to those analyzed in seawater. Polycheates were exposed to different concentrations of the two wastewater samples for 96 h. Higher mortality was observed in response to MF compared to LF-exposed polychaetes. Both wastewater samples dose-dependently decreased burrowing activity and AChE activity. Drastic oxidative stress was observed in response to the two wastewater samples. MDA levels were significantly increased by MF and LF samples. Significant GSH depletion was observed with MF exposure, while increased and decreased GSH contents were observed in LF-exposed polychaetes. Enzymatic activities of antioxidant components, catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione S-transferase were significantly modulated by both wastewater samples. These results indicate that even filtered hull cleaning wastewater can have deleterious effects on the health status of polychaetes.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo , Poliquetos , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Poliquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Poliquetos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Águas Residuárias/toxicidade , Águas Residuárias/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Desinfetantes/toxicidade , Navios
19.
Chemosphere ; 358: 142164, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685326

RESUMO

As the adverse effects of using plastics and perfluorinated alkyl substances become more apparent, there is a growing need for sustainable hydrophobic products. Cellulose and its derivatives are the most abundant and widely used polymers, and cellulose-based products have great potential in industries where plastics and other hydrophobic polymers are used, such as stain-resistant fabrics, food packaging, and oil-water separation applications. In this study, we extracted cellulose from water hyacinth (WH) biomass, known for its negative environmental impact, and converted it into hydrophobic cellulose. This addresses the issue of managing WH waste and creating an environmentally friendly hydrophobic material. Initially, aldehyde groups were introduced through oxidation with periodate, followed by direct octadecyl amine (ODA) grafting onto dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) via a Schiff base condensation. The resulting ODA modified cellulose (ODA-C) was dispersed in ethanol and used to coat various materials, including cotton fabric, cellulose filter paper, and packaging paper. The modified materials showed excellent hydrophobicity as measured by their water contact angles (WCAs), and the application of the coating was demonstrated for oil-water separation, stain-resistant hydrophobic fabric, and paper-based packaging materials. FTIR, XRD, and WCA analysis confirmed the successful modification of cellulose. A high separation efficiency of 99% was achieved for diesel/water separation using modified filter paper (MoFP), under gravity. On application of the coating, cotton fabric became hydrophobic and resisted staining from dye, and paper-based packaging materials became more robust by becoming water-resistant. Overall, the facile synthesis, low cost, high efficiency, and use of environmentally friendly sustainable materials make this a promising strategy for hydrophobically modifying surfaces for a wide range of applications while reducing the menace of water hyacinth.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Celulose , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Silanos , Celulose/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Silanos/química , Eichhornia/química , Água/química , Flúor/química , Óleos/química
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 267(Pt 1): 131437, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614186

RESUMO

Improving the durability of wear-resistant superhydrophobic surfaces is crucial for their practical use. To tackle this, research is now delving into self-healing superhydrophobic surfaces. In our study, we developed superhydrophobic cotton fabrics by embedding nano-silica particles, micro-silica powder, and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) using a dipping method. This innovative design grants the SiO2/PDMS cotton fabric remarkable superhydrophobicity, reflected by a water contact angle of 155°. Moreover, the PDMS was stored in the amorphous areas of cellulose of cotton fabrics, attaching to the fiber surface and playing a role in connecting micro-blocks and nano-particles. This causes a self-diffusion of PDMS molecules in these fabrics, allowing the surface to regain its superhydrophobicity even after abrasion damage. Impressively, this self-healing property can be renewed at least 8 times, showcasing the fabric's resilience. Moreover, these superhydrophobic cotton fabrics exhibit outstanding self-cleaning abilities and repel various substances such as blood, milk, cola, and tea. This resilience, coupled with its simplicity, low cost-effectiveness, and eco-friendliness, makes this coating highly promising for applications across construction, chemical, and medical fields. Our study also delves into understanding the self-healing mechanism of the SiO2/PDMS cotton fabric, offering insights into their long-term performance and potential advancements in this field.


Assuntos
Fibra de Algodão , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/química , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Têxteis , Tamanho da Partícula
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