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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494409

RESUMO

Zygomatic implants (ZI) are a valuable option for supporting an obturator prosthesis after maxillary resection. This study was performed to assess the clinical outcomes of a digitally validated guided technique for ZI placement, followed by immediate prosthetic obturation. The primary objective was to evaluate implant survival, while the secondary objective was to assess patient-reported quality of life post-rehabilitation. Twelve patients treated for head and neck cancer received a total of 36 ZI after ablative surgery. The mean duration of ZI follow-up was 30.1 months. The survival rate of ZI placed in non-irradiated patients was 100%, while it was 85% in irradiated patients. Patient-reported outcomes were evaluated using the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQv3) and the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire (UW-QOL v4). Most patients reported satisfactory outcomes in the oral function domain of the LORQv3 (mean score 17.7 ± 4.5; possible range 12-48, with lower scores indicating better outcomes). Regarding the UW-QOL v4, the swallowing and chewing domains had the highest scores (mean 97.5 ± 8.7 and 95.8 ± 14.4, respectively; maximum possible score of 100). In conclusion, this treatment approach improves function and quality of life after maxillary ablative surgery. However, irradiated patients showed a noticeable trend of higher implant failure, and this was influenced by tumour position and size impacting the radiation dose to the zygomatic bone.

2.
Cureus ; 16(2): e54771, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523915

RESUMO

In recent years, intraoperative surgical guides have been widely used in oral and maxillofacial surgery to navigate the resection sites. However, most of them are designed for segmental mandibulectomy and determine only the anterior-posterior cutting sites. In the case of marginal mandibulectomy, the depth and angle of the resection need to be considered in addition to the anterior-posterior cutting site. This report describes a method for creating a translucent mandible model with a colored tumor that enables visualization of the tumor depth and a surgical guide for marginal mandibulectomy with a planned resection angle. If accurate surgical planning and intraoperative navigation are established using this method, personalized surgery is realized according to tumor features and hence avoids over- or under-resection.

3.
Saudi Dent J ; 36(3): 387-394, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525182

RESUMO

Background: The term "navigation" describes a device that can pinpoint critical anatomical features, the most direct path to the target, and the optimal surgical orientation. This study aimed to conduct a comprehensive literature search on computer-assisted navigation for use in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, relevant studies were retrieved from five electronic databases: Medline, Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Saudi Digital Library (SDL). The central question was, "Does the computer-assisted navigation system improve the outcome of surgical procedures in the oral and maxillofacial region?" The Cochrane Risk of Bias 2 was used to determine the various types of bias. Results: Post-traumatic midfacial reconstruction is one of the many fields that have benefited from the use of computer-assisted navigation because of its reliability. It can also be used to extricate difficult foreign entities from the operative zone. Locating critical anatomical components, communicating the surgical plan to the patient, and verifying surgical success can improve the function and appearance of patients with dentofacial abnormalities. In addition, it decreases the surgical error margin and duration. Conclusion: Computer-assisted navigation is promising in surgical practice. The accuracy of surgery can be significantly enhanced by first planning the process in a virtual environment and then performing it under close supervision in real time. In addition, the time required for preoperative planning and surgery can be reduced by creating and improving software programs.

4.
Front Artif Intell ; 7: 1375482, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525302

RESUMO

Objective: Automated surgical step recognition (SSR) using AI has been a catalyst in the "digitization" of surgery. However, progress has been limited to laparoscopy, with relatively few SSR tools in endoscopic surgery. This study aimed to create a SSR model for transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT), leveraging a novel application of transfer learning to reduce video dataset requirements. Materials and methods: Retrospective surgical videos of TURBT were manually annotated with the following steps of surgery: primary endoscopic evaluation, resection of bladder tumor, and surface coagulation. Manually annotated videos were then utilized to train a novel AI computer vision algorithm to perform automated video annotation of TURBT surgical video, utilizing a transfer-learning technique to pre-train on laparoscopic procedures. Accuracy of AI SSR was determined by comparison to human annotations as the reference standard. Results: A total of 300 full-length TURBT videos (median 23.96 min; IQR 14.13-41.31 min) were manually annotated with sequential steps of surgery. One hundred and seventy-nine videos served as a training dataset for algorithm development, 44 for internal validation, and 77 as a separate test cohort for evaluating algorithm accuracy. Overall accuracy of AI video analysis was 89.6%. Model accuracy was highest for the primary endoscopic evaluation step (98.2%) and lowest for the surface coagulation step (82.7%). Conclusion: We developed a fully automated computer vision algorithm for high-accuracy annotation of TURBT surgical videos. This represents the first application of transfer-learning from laparoscopy-based computer vision models into surgical endoscopy, demonstrating the promise of this approach in adapting to new procedure types.

5.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 52(4): 454-463, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448334

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the functional and esthetic results in patients following mandibular reconstruction with a free fibula flap (FFF) by virtual surgical planning (VSP) versus the conventional technique. Patients who had undergone mandibular reconstruction with a FFF by VSP or the conventional technique were retrospectively assessed. The two groups were compared regarding functional and esthetic variables with appropriate scales preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively. Twenty-four patients were evaluated in two groups: conventional (n = 8) and VSP (n = 16). The mean amount of mandibular asymmetry was 2.62 mm (SD = 1.59) in the conventional group and 1.19 mm (SD = 1.32) in the VSP group. Of the patients who underwent conventional surgery, 12.5% had mandibular asymmetry of <2 mm and 87.5% had asymmetry of 2-5 mm. Of the VSP patients, 61.5% had mandibular asymmetry of <2 mm and 38.5% had mandibular asymmetry of 2-5 mm (p = 0.03). The mean difference in size of mandibular angle on the surgical and control sides was not significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.62). The difference in mean length of the mandibular body on the surgical side relative to the control side was not significant between the two groups (p = 0.75). Differences in functional variables between the two groups were not significant. Within the limitation of the study, it seems that the VSP technique resulted in better facial symmetry and superior esthetic outcomes compared with the conventional technique.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Reconstrução Mandibular , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reconstrução Mandibular/métodos , Fíbula/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Estética Dentária , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/cirurgia
6.
Oral Oncol ; 152: 106780, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Microvascular bone flap jaw reconstruction has achieved satisfactory clinical outcomes. However, little is known about the long-term stability of the reconstructed jaw. This prospective longitudinal study aimed to investigate the long-term stability of jaw reconstruction and factors that were associated with it. METHODS: Patients with successful computer-assisted osseous free-flap jaw reconstruction in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong were recruited for this prospective longitudinal study. The three-dimensional jaw models at the pre-operative plan, post-operative 1-month, and 2 years were aligned and compared. RESULTS: A total of 69 patients were recruited, among which 48 patients were available for the long-term analysis. Compared to 1-month after surgery, further deviation from the pre-operative plan was observed at post-operative 2 years. Lack of accuracy in surgery, segmental mandible resection especially with the involvement of mandible angles, and post-operative radiation therapy were identified as the significant factors affecting the positional stability of the reconstructed jaw (p < 0.05). Stable reconstruction was observed in the subgroup analysis of patients without post-operative radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: Up to the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective longitudinal study reporting the long-term stability of jaw reconstruction and its affecting factors. Our data demonstrated that the reconstructed jaw position lacked stability over the postoperative period. How to improve long-term stability of reconstructed jaw thus optimize the functional outcomes warrants further studies.

7.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 32(1): 10225536241243166, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546214

RESUMO

Background: Over the last few decades, shoulder surgery has undergone rapid advancements, with ongoing exploration and the development of innovative technological approaches. In the coming years, technologies such as robot-assisted surgeries, virtual reality, artificial intelligence, patient-specific instrumentation, and different innovative perioperative and preoperative planning tools will continue to fuel a revolution in the medical field, thereby pushing it toward new frontiers and unprecedented advancements. In relation to this, shoulder surgery will experience significant breakthroughs. Main body: Recent advancements and technological innovations in the field were comprehensively analyzed. We aimed to provide a detailed overview of the current landscape, emphasizing the roles of technologies. Computer-assisted surgery utilizing robotic- or image-guided technologies is widely adopted in various orthopedic specialties. The most advanced components of computer-assisted surgery are navigation and robotic systems, with functions and applications that are continuously expanding. Surgical navigation requires a visual system that presents real-time positional data on surgical instruments or implants in relation to the target bone, displayed on a computer monitor. There are three primary categories of surgical planning that utilize navigation systems. The initial category involves volumetric images, such as ultrasound echogram, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance images. The second type is based on intraoperative fluoroscopic images, and the third type incorporates kinetic information about joints or morphometric data about the target bones acquired intraoperatively. Conclusion: The rapid integration of artificial intelligence and deep learning into the medical domain has a significant and transformative influence. Numerous studies utilizing deep learning-based diagnostics in orthopedics have remarkable achievements and performance.


Assuntos
Robótica , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Ombro , Fluoroscopia
8.
Int J Med Robot ; 20(1): e2607, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to validate a software-based planning method for the Schoettle Point and to evaluate precision and time efficiency of its live overlay on the intraoperative X-ray. METHODS: A software-based method was compared with surgeons' manual planning in an inter- and intrarater study. Subsequently, K-wire placement was performed with and without an overlay of the planning. The time used and the precision achieved were statistically compared. RESULTS: The average deviation between the surgeons (1.68 mm; 2.26 mm) was greater than the discrepancy between the surgeons and the software-based planning (1.30 mm; 1.38 mm). In the intrarater comparison, software-based planning provided consistent results. Live overlay showed a significantly lower positioning error (0.9 ± 0.5 mm) compared with that without overlay (3.0 ± 1.4 mm, p = 0.000; 3.1 ± 1.4 mm, p = 0.001). Live overlay did not achieve a significant time gain (p = 0.393; p = 0.678). CONCLUSION: The software-based planning and live overlay of the Schoettle Point improves surgical precision without negatively affecting time efficiency.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Luxação Patelar , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamentos Articulares , Radiografia , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia
9.
J Exp Orthop ; 11(1): e12007, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455454

RESUMO

Purpose: The goal of this study is (1) to assess differences between two-dimensional (2D) weight-bearing (WB) and three-dimensional (3D) nonweight-bearing (NWB) planning in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and (2) to identify factors that influence intermodal differences. Methods: Retrospective single-centre analysis of patients planned for a TKA with patient-specific instruments (PSI). Preoperative WB long-leg radiographs and NWB computed tomography were analysed and following radiographic parameters included: hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) (+varus/-valgus), joint line convergence angle (JLCA), femorotibial subluxation and bony defect classified according to Anderson. Preoperative range of motion was also considered as possible covariate. Demographic factors included age, sex, and body mass index. Results: A total of 352 knees of 323 patients (66% females) with a mean age of 66 ± 9.7 years were analysed. The HKA differed significantly between 2D and 3D planning modalities; varus knees (n = 231): 9.9° ± 5.1° vs. 6.7° ± 4°, p < 0.001; valgus knees (n = 121): -8.2° ± 6° vs. -5.5° ± 4.4°, p < 0.001. In varus knees, HKA (ß = 0.38; p < 0.0001) and JLCA (ß = 0.14; p = 0.03) were associated with increasing difference between 2D/3D HKA. For valgus knees, HKA (ß = -0.6; p < 0.0001), JLCA (ß = -0.3; p = 0.0001) and lateral distal femoral angle (ß = -0.28; p = 0.03) showed a significant influence on the mean absolute difference. Conclusion: The coronal alignment in preoperative 3D model for PSI-TKA significantly differed from 2D WB state and the difference between modalities correlated with the extent of varus/valgus deformity. In the vast majority of cases, the 3D NWB approach significantly underestimated the preoperative deformity, which needs to be considered to achieve the planned correction when using PSI in TKA. Level of Evidence: Level III.

10.
Indian J Orthop ; 58(2): 121-126, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312909

RESUMO

Introduction: The use of imageless navigation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is frequently associated with prolonged surgical times, predominantly during the learning period. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the learning period of a novel imageless navigation system, specifically as it related to surgical time and acetabular navigation accuracy. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of a consecutive group of 158 patients who underwent primary unilateral THA for osteoarthritis by a team headed by a single surgeon. All procedures used an imageless navigation system to measure acetabular cup inclination and anteversion angles, referencing a generic sagittal and frontal plane. Navigation accuracy was determined by assessing differences between intraoperative inclination and anteversion values and those obtained from standardized 6-week follow-up radiographs. Operative time and navigation accuracy were assessed by plotting moving averages of 7 consecutive cases. The learning period was defined using Mann-Kendall trend analyses, student t-tests and nonlinear regression modeling based on surgical time and navigation accuracy. Alpha error was 0.05. Results: The average surgical time was 67.3 min (SD:9.2) (range 45-95). The average navigation accuracy for inclination was 0.01° (SD:4.2) (range - 10 to 10), and that for anteversion was - 4.9° (SD:3.8) (range - 14 to 5). Average surgical time and navigation accuracy were similar between the first and final cases in the series with no learning period detected. Conclusions: There was no discernible learning period effect on surgical time or system measurement accuracy during the early phases of adoption for this imageless navigation system.

11.
J Maxillofac Oral Surg ; 23(1): 145-151, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312982

RESUMO

The odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a benign but locally aggressive growing lesion that infiltrates the bone and surrounding tissue. It is characterized by high rates of recurrence along with rapid growth. Different forms of partly successful treatment therapies are reported. The retrospective study at hand examined 114 patients with OKC treated over a period of 20 years. Data extracted includes gender, age, location, previous treatment for the lesion, surgery, outcome, recurrence rate and follow-up. 63.1% of the patients underwent cystectomy, 22.5% by cystectomy and carnoy solution, 7.2% by cystectomy, and curettage, 4.5% by cystostomy and 2.7% by partial resection. In this study, no significant differences could be observed regarding the surgical method. Most recurrences occurred with 91.9% in the mandible with an average size of 5.5 cm2 and increased in women. Within a mean follow-up time of 3.6 years the recurrence rate was 36.9%, on average after 36 months. Recurrences were most frequently diagnosed at the age of 31-50 (43.9%). Despite numerous studies, there is still no unanimous opinion on an effective therapy for OKC. However, precise resection of OKC can be facilitated by preoperative 3D-imaging and virtual planning.

12.
J Dent Sci ; 19(1): 39-45, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303823

RESUMO

Background/purpose: The guided protocols always yield a higher accuracy than freehand surgery. However, the accuracy of digital guides for crown lengthening surgery (CLS) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the trueness of 3 types of digital guides for CLS. Materials and methods: Twenty individually designed maxillary models were divided into 4 groups according to surgical guides: type I (T1), type II (T2), type III (T3), and free-hand. T1 comprised a planed gingival margin at the tissue level. T2 included both the planed gingival margin and alveolar crest at the tissue level. T3 consisted of a planed gingival margin at the tissue level and an alveolar crest at the bone level. CLS was performed under the indication of the guides. Trueness of the guides was evaluated through the deviation of the gingival zenith and alveolar crest height. Results: The control group had higher vertical and horizontal distance deviations of gingival zenith compared to the 3 digital guide groups (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences among the 3 test groups in terms of gingival zenith deviations (P > 0.05). With regard to height deviation of alveolar crest, the control and T1 groups were higher than T2 group (P < 0.001), while T3 group had the lowest deviations among the 4 groups (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The digital guides assisted CLS procedures are more accurate than free-hand method. The trueness of type III guide was better than type I and type II.

13.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 208, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Efficient utilization of residual bone volume and the prevention of inferior alveolar nerve injury are critical considerations in immediate implant placement (IIP) within the posterior mandibular region. Addressing these challenges, this study focuses on the clinical efficacy and implant accuracy of dynamic real-time navigation, an emerging technology designed to enhance precision in implantation procedures. METHODS: This study included 84 patients with 130 implants undergoing immediate placement in the posterior mandibular region. Stratified into dynamic navigation, static guide plate, and freehand implant groups, clinical indicators, including initial stability, distance to the inferior alveolar nerve canal, depth of implant placement, and various deviations, were systematically recorded. Statistical analysis, employing 1- or 2-way ANOVA and Student's t-test, allowed for a comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy of each technique. RESULTS: All 130 implants were successfully placed with an average torque of 22.53 ± 5.93 N.cm. In the navigation group, the distance to the inferior alveolar nerve and the depth of implant placement were significantly greater compared to the guide plate and freehand groups (P < 0.05). Implant deviation was significantly smaller in both the navigation and guide plate groups compared to the freehand group(P < 0.05). Additionally, the navigation group exhibited significantly reduced root and angle deviations compared to the guide plate group(P < 0.05), highlighting the superior precision of navigation-assisted immediate implant placement. CONCLUSIONS: It is more advantageous to use dynamic navigation rather than a static guide plate and free-hand implant insertion for immediate posterior mandibular implant implantation.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imageamento Tridimensional , Desenho Assistido por Computador
14.
Saudi Dent J ; 36(2): 340-346, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420006

RESUMO

Purpose: Tumor margin status is critical in local tumor recurrence and is a significant prognostic factor in head and neck cancer survival. With the introduction of computer-assisted surgical planning, one of the main challenges is the accurate positioning of the surgical cutting guide but there is limited evidence of the accuracy of the 3D cutting guides in mimicking virtually planned osteotomy. This study evaluates the accuracy of osteotomy lines produced by 3D-printed cutting guides and assesses the overall accuracy of mandibular reconstruction. Material and Methods: The pre and postoperative 3D models were aligned using an automated surface registration feature based on the iterative closest point algorithm. The differences in osteotomy line deviation, linear and angle measurements, and 3D volume quantification of the pre and post models were measured. Results: We included 14 patients (8 men and 6 women with ages ranging from 13 to 75 years) with a segmental mandibular resection who met all of the inclusion criteria. The smallest defect size was 4.4 cm, the largest defect was 12.2 cm, and the average was 7.30 cm +/- 2.80 cm. The average deviation between virtually planned osteotomy and actual surgical osteotomy was 1.52 +/-1.02 mm. No covariates were associated with increased inaccuracy of the 3D-printed cutting guides. Conclusion: The finding of this study suggests that virtual surgical planning is an unambiguous paradigm shift in the predictability of the surgical plan and achievement of the reconstruction goals. The 3D-printed cutting guides are a very accurate and reliable tool in translating virtual ablation plans to an actual surgical resection margin.

15.
IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med ; 12: 258-267, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410181

RESUMO

Achieving and maintaining proper image registration accuracy is an open challenge of image-guided surgery. This work explores and assesses the efficacy of a registration sanity check method for augmented reality-guided navigation (AR-RSC), based on the visual inspection of virtual 3D models of landmarks. We analyze the AR-RSC sensitivity and specificity by recruiting 36 subjects to assess the registration accuracy of a set of 114 AR images generated from camera images acquired during an AR-guided orthognathic intervention. Translational or rotational errors of known magnitude up to ±1.5 mm/±15.5°, were artificially added to the image set in order to simulate different registration errors. This study analyses the performance of AR-RSC when varying (1) the virtual models selected for misalignment evaluation (e. g., the model of brackets, incisor teeth, and gingival margins in our experiment), (2) the type (translation/rotation) of registration error, and (3) the level of user experience in using AR technologies. Results show that: 1) the sensitivity and specificity of the AR-RSC depends on the virtual models (globally, a median true positive rate of up to 79.2% was reached with brackets, and a median true negative rate of up to 64.3% with incisor teeth), 2) there are error components that are more difficult to identify visually, 3) the level of user experience does not affect the method. In conclusion, the proposed AR-RSC, tested also in the operating room, could represent an efficient method to monitor and optimize the registration accuracy during the intervention, but special attention should be paid to the selection of the AR data chosen for the visual inspection of the registration accuracy.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Salas Cirúrgicas , Imagens de Fantasmas
16.
Vet Q ; 44(1): 1-10, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393300

RESUMO

A 16-year-old warmblood mare was referred with a progressive history of behavioral changes and left-sided blindness. Following neuroanatomical localization to the forebrain, magnetic resonance imaging of the head revealed a well-delineated, 4.5 cm in diameter, round pituitary mass causing marked compression of the midbrain and optic chiasm. Euthanasia was recommended but declined by the owners. Veterinary specialists and a human neurosurgeon collaboratively prepared for surgical case management. A novel navigated transmandibular lateral transsphenoidal approach was developed to access the region of the sella turcica and practiced on cadaver specimens. The horse was anesthetized and placed in sternal recumbency with the head above the heart line. Using a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)-coupled navigation system, a navigated pin traversing the vertical ramus of the mandible and the lateral pterygoid muscle was placed in a direct trajectory to the predetermined osteotomy site of the basisphenoid bone. A safe corridor to the osteotomy site was established using sequential tubular dilators bypassing the guttural pouch, internal and external carotid arteries. Despite the use of microsurgical techniques, visualization of critical structures was limited by the long and narrow working channel. Whilst partial resection of the mass was achieved, iatrogenic trauma to the normal brain parenchyma was identified by intraoperative imaging. With consent of the owner the mare was euthanized under the same general anesthesia. Post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging and gross anatomical examination confirmed partial removal of a pituitary adenoma, but also iatrogenic damage to the surrounding brain parenchyma, including the thalamus.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Doenças dos Cavalos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Cavalos , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/veterinária , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/veterinária , Adenoma/patologia , Sela Túrcica/patologia , Sela Túrcica/cirurgia , Doença Iatrogênica/veterinária , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças dos Cavalos/cirurgia , Doenças dos Cavalos/patologia
17.
Gen Dent ; 72(2): 60-64, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411487

RESUMO

This case report presents a challenging case of catastrophic failure of a fixed partial denture involving fracture of the prosthesis as well as supporting implants and teeth. The use of robotics facilitated efficient and successful restoration of the patient's dentition. After extraction of 2 fractured teeth and 1 fractured implant, 2 new implants were placed with haptic guidance from robotics, which allowed for stable osteotomies and high initial implant stability quotients. Due to the patient's tremors and heavy occlusal forces, restoration was delayed to allow the surgical site to heal, and the patient received a provisional partial denture. With subsequent placement of the final restoration, the treatment was fully completed in 4.5 months and required only a single surgical procedure. The use of haptic robotics in this case allowed for accurate planning, spacing, and placement of screw-retained implants with an optimal arch, leading to the best long-term outcome for the patient.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Robótica , Fraturas dos Dentes , Humanos , Força de Mordida , Parafusos Ósseos
18.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 163, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383876

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Unilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis with jaw deformity (UTMJAJD) may require simultaneous total joint prosthesis (TJP) reconstruction, sagittal split ramus (SSRO), and Le Fort I osteotomies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes in patients treated with these procedures. METHODS: Patients diagnosed UTMJAJD between 2016 and 2018 were selected for the study. Mandible-first procedure was performed after ankylosis release with TJP on the ankylosed side and SSRO on the contralateral side. Le Fort I osteotomy with and without genioplasty was lastly performed. Maximal incisor opening (MIO), facial symmetry, and jaw and condyle stability were compared before, after operation, and during follow-ups. RESULTS: Seven patients were included in the study. Their average chin deviation was 9.5 ± 4.2 mm, and maxillary cant was 5.1 ± 3.0°. After operation, jaw deformity significantly improved, with chin deviation corrected 7.6 ± 4.1 mm (p = 0.015) and advanced 5.9 ± 2.5 mm (p = 0.006). After an average follow-up of 26.6 ± 17.1 months, MIO significantly increased from 11.4 ± 9.3 to 35.7 ± 2.6 mm (p = 0.000). The occlusion was stable with no significant positional or rotational changes of the jaw (p > 0.05). There was no obvious condylar resorption during follow-ups. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous TJP reconstruction, SSRO, and Le Fort I osteotomy are reliable and effective methods for the treatment of UTMJAJD.


Assuntos
Anquilose , Implantes Dentários , Anormalidades Maxilomandibulares , Prótese Articular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Côndilo Mandibular , Estudos de Coortes , Osteotomia/métodos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Polímeros , Anquilose/cirurgia , Articulação Temporomandibular , Osteotomia de Le Fort/métodos , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular/métodos
19.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 52(4): 464-468, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368205

RESUMO

To clinically and radiographically evaluate patient-specific titanium meshes via a trans-antral approach for correction of enophthalmos and orbital volume in patients with recent unilateral orbital floor fracture. Seven patients with unilateral orbital floor fractures received patient-specific titanium meshes that were designed based on a mirror-image of the contralateral intact orbit. The patient-specific implants (PSIs) were inserted via a trans-antral approach without endoscopic assistance. The patients were evaluated clinically for signs of diplopia and restricted gaze as well as radiographically for enophthalmos and orbital volume correction. Diplopia was totally resolved in two of the three patients who reported diplopia in the upward gaze. Whereas enophthalmos significantly improved in all but two patients, with a mean value of 0.2229 mm postoperatively compared to 0.9914 mm preoperatively. CT scans showed excellent adaptation of the PSIs to the orbital floor with a mean reduction of the orbital volume from 29.59 cc to 27.21 cc, a mean of 0.6% smaller than the intact orbit. It can be concluded that the proposed PSI can offer good reconstruction of the orbital floor through an isolated intraoral transantral approach with minimal complications. It could of special benefit in extensive orbital floor fractures.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Enoftalmia , Fraturas Orbitárias , Humanos , Enoftalmia/diagnóstico por imagem , Enoftalmia/etiologia , Enoftalmia/cirurgia , Diplopia/etiologia , Diplopia/cirurgia , Titânio , Fraturas Orbitárias/complicações , Fraturas Orbitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Orbitárias/cirurgia , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 52(4): 532-537, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368208

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the accuracy of inferomedial orbital fracture restoration using customized orbital implant versus 3D preformed titanium mesh. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 underwent surgery with customized orbital implants and intraoperative navigation, while group 2 was treated using 3D preformed titanium meshes with preoperative virtual surgical planning (VSP) and intraoperative navigation. Reconstruction accuracy was assessed by: (1) comparing the postoperative reconstruction mesh position with the preoperative VSP; and (2) measuring the difference between the reconstructed and unaffected orbital volume. Pre- and postoperative diplopia and enophthalmos were also evaluated. Fifty-two patients were enrolled (25 in group 1 vs 27 in group 2). The mean difference between final plate position and ideal digital plan was 0.62 mm (SD = 0.235) in group 1 and 0.69 mm (SD = 0.246) in group 2, with no statistical difference between the groups (p = 0.282). The mean volume differences between the reconstructed and unaffected orbits were 0.95 ml and 1.02 ml in group 1 and group 2, respectively, with no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.860). Overall clinical improvements, as well as complications, were similar. 3D preformed titanium meshes can reconstruct inferomedial fractures with the same accuracy as customized implants. Therefore, in clinical practice, it is recommended to use 3D preformed meshes for this type of fracture due to their excellent results and the potential for reducing time and costs.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Enoftalmia , Fraturas Orbitárias , Implantes Orbitários , Humanos , Fraturas Orbitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Orbitárias/cirurgia , Fraturas Orbitárias/complicações , Implantes Orbitários/efeitos adversos , Titânio , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Órbita/cirurgia , Enoftalmia/etiologia , Enoftalmia/cirurgia
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