Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 274
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594457

RESUMO

Despite associations between alcohol use and suicidal acts, little research measures prognoses of alcohol-using patients treated by Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs), an intensive community-based intervention. We estimated the association of alcohol use amongst patients accepted following suicidal acts or ideation in four London-based Crisis Resolution Teams, with death-by-any-cause or recontact with crisis care. We analysed the electronic health records of 1615 CRT patients accepted following suicidal acts or ideation over 38 months, following STROBE guidelines. Using logistic regression we estimated the association of alcohol use (indicated by risk-assessment, AUDIT, or ICD-10 diagnosis) with death-or-recontact at (i) 30-days and (ii) 1-year after treatment start, adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, psychiatric diagnosis, and severity of need. Hazardous, harmful, or dependent drinking was identified in 270 cases at baseline (16.7%); 73 (4.5%) were alcohol dependent. By 1-year, 622 patients (38.5%) had recontacted crisis care or died. After adjustment, alcohol use at a hazardous, harmful, or dependent level was not associated with increased odds of death-or-recontact at 30-days (AOR 1.17, 95%CI 0.73, 1.88) or 1-year (AOR 1.17, 95%CI 0.85, 1.60). Patients with hazardous, harmful, and dependent alcohol use are a small proportion of CRT patients, despite being more commonly encountered in emergency settings from which patients may be referred to CRTs, indicating a potential gap in provision. Those who are included in CRTs are not at increased risk of death-or-recontact within 1 year of treatment, suggesting that their inclusion can work, at least in a sample with predominantly hazardous or harmful alcohol use.

3.
Psychiatr Serv ; : appips20220294, 2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475827

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The 988 telephone number was established by the National Suicide Hotline Designation Act of 2020 and implemented in July 2022 as a more accessible way to reach the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. Current financial and training resources, however, are insufficient to ensure effective implementation. METHODS: To better understand the state of the literature on crisis support lines in light of the 988 transition, the authors summarized research on suicidal and nonsuicidal outcomes of callers, research on other types of crisis support services, and the benefits of text- and chat-based crisis lines. RESULTS: Overall, existing evidence for the effectiveness of crisis lines has been weak and has primarily focused on short-term improvements in user distress and on user satisfaction. In addition, research on crisis lines specifically targeted to marginalized populations (e.g., sexual minority groups) and on text- or chat-based crisis lines is lacking. CONCLUSIONS: The policy-focused recommendations derived from this review include the need for additional research on crisis lines, design and evaluation of culturally tailored training for volunteers and staff, and ethical oversight of private data collected from crisis services. Scaling up state-level planning and comprehensive crisis systems is necessary to successfully implement 988 and to fill current training and research gaps.

4.
Psychiatr Serv ; : appips202100736, 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated associations between rates of contact with individuals in distress during field visits by mobile crisis teams and client and referral source characteristics. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study of an urban mobile crisis program, call logs (N=2,581) were coded for whether an attempted field visit resulted in a client evaluation. Logistic regression analyses examined potential associations with client age, gender, race-ethnicity, primary language, living situation, insurance, and referral source. RESULTS: Contact was made with 77% of adults and 97% of children referred to mobile crisis teams. Field visit contact rates differed by age. Unsuccessful visits were more likely when the referral source was from institutional settings than from individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one-quarter of attempted field visits with adults by an urban mobile crisis team were not completed, particularly among referrals from institutional settings. As mobile crisis services proliferate, field visit contact rate could be a key performance metric for these critical services.

5.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 720, 2022 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge on healthcare utilization after mass trauma is needed to strengthen the public health preparedness to such incidents. Using register-based data, this study had a unique opportunity to investigate how young survivors' use of primary care physicians (PCP) and mental health services (MHS) changed after a terrorist attack. METHODS: We examined register-based data on PCP and MHS consultations among 255 survivors (52% male) of the 2011 Utøya youth camp attack in Norway 3 years before and after the attack, and their reason for encounter with the PCP according to the International Classification for Primary Care (ICPC- 2). RESULTS: The PCP and MHS consultation rates (CR) were higher in female than male survivors both acutely and at long-term. The mean yearly CRs increased from 2.25 to 4.41 for PCP and 1.77 to 13.59 for MHS the year before and after the attack in female survivors, and from 1.45 to 3.65 for PCP and 1.02 to 11.77 for MHS in male survivors. The third year post-attack CRs for PCP were 3.55 and 2.00; and CRs for MHS were 5.24 and 2.30 in female and male survivors, respectively. Among female survivors, 76% consulted PCP and 12% MHS the year preceding the attack; post-attack 93% consulted PCP and 73% MHS the first year; decreasing to 87 and 40% the third year. Among male survivors, 61% consulted PCP and 7% MHS the year preceding the attack; post-attack 86% consulted PCP and 61% MHS the first year, and 67 and 31% the third year. As for PCP consultations, there was a particular increase in psychological reasons for encounter following the attack. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that it is important to anticipate an increased healthcare utilization several years following mass trauma, particularly of MHS. Both PCP and MHS practitioners played important roles in providing healthcare for psychological problems in young survivors of terrorism in a country with universal and largely publicly financed healthcare and a gatekeeping system. The healthcare utilization could be different in countries with other health systems or psychosocial care responses to mass trauma.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Mental , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Terrorismo , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Terrorismo/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Atenção Primária à Saúde
6.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry ; : 48674221137820, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440616

RESUMO

Emergency Psychiatry is evolving. In an environment that lacks a clear evidence base, and where a constellation of factors is driving up Emergency Department presentation rates and lengths of stay, several stakeholders are working towards and clamouring for change. With the goal of collaborating with such parties, we believe Emergency Psychiatrists should position themselves to establish and advocate for best-practice change in culture, research, clinical care and training, and funding in the provision of mental health crisis care. To this end, we have formed the NSW Emergency Psychiatry Network, a group of Emergency Psychiatrists with a broad experience in a range of settings, from tertiary metropolitan emergency facilities with access to subspecialty psychiatric services, to rural and remote emergency settings with sporadic in-reach from local mental health services and telehealth. We unanimously recognise the need to upskill both Emergency Department and Mental Health clinicians in crisis care, and the need for committed, evidence-based Mental Health resourcing within Emergency Departments.

7.
Psychiatr Serv ; : appips20220128, 2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mental health emergency hotlines provide clinical supports and connection to services. This scoping review describes the current literature on hotlines in the United States, including which populations they do and do not reach, typical call volumes and engagement levels, barriers to and facilitators of implementation, and common call outcomes. The review also identifies gaps in the literature and presents recommendations. METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles on U.S.-based telephone, text, and chat hotlines published between January 2012 and December 2021 retrieved 1,049 articles. In total, 96 articles met criteria for full-text review, of which 53 met full inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Approximately half of the included studies (N=25) focused on descriptive information of callers, most of whom were females, younger adults, and White; veteran hotlines typically reached older men. Common reasons for calling were suicidality, depression, and interpersonal problems. Of studies examining intervention effects (N=20), few assessed hotlines as interventions (N=6), and few evaluated caller behavioral outcomes (N=4), reporting reduced distress and suicidality among callers after hotline engagement. However, these studies also suggested areas for improvement, including reaching underrepresented high-risk populations. Six studies reported implementation needs, such as investments in data collection and evaluation, staff training, and sustainable funding. CONCLUSIONS: Hotlines appear to be more effective at reaching some populations than others, indicating that more intensive outreach efforts may be necessary to engage underrepresented high-risk populations. The findings also indicated limited evidence on the relationship between use of hotlines-particularly local text and chat hotlines-and caller outcomes, highlighting an area for further investigation.

8.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(9)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141402

RESUMO

Childhood cancer has a great impact on children and their environment. To minimize this, countries such as Canada and the USA have protocols in the field of social work, although these are scarce in Europe and especially in Spain. This paper aims to develop a pilot protocol in Aragon (Spain) for the practice of onco-pediatric social work in one of the hardest moments: the diagnosis. For its elaboration, a previous study was carried out in three phases, which provided data on the disease and its impact on the family and children and a methodological basis for the intervention from social work, all considering the participation of the agents involved as a fundamental element. Variables have been identified that influence the impact on the family support network and its quality of life at the time of diagnosis of childhood cancer. In addition, different indicators have been explored, based on the reality of these families. Finally, a pilot proposal for a comprehensive family intervention protocol in the diagnosis of childhood cancer has been elaborated. This work is intended to be a guide for intervention and delimitation of quality standards to be considered when dealing with the diagnosis of childhood cancer.

9.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107201

RESUMO

Highly stressful life events, such as the experience of a life-threatening situation or witnessing sudden death, serious injury, or suicide, pose an extraordinary challenge for psychological processing. They are causally related to the risk of developing various psychological and psychosomatic trauma disorders. Based on this knowledge, the tasks of psychosocial emergency care are the prevention of psychosocial stress consequences, the early identification of further need for help or care, and the provision of adequate help for coping with stress. If children are affected by an emergency, they are in a different position than adults due to developmental psychological aspects.This article describes the special features of emergency care for the target group of children in a practical way. Based on selected research findings from the fields of psychotraumatology and psychosocial emergency care, it examines in particular the question of the effects of caregiver behaviour on children's processing of emergency events. Corresponding conclusions for the practice of psychosocial emergency care are drawn. In addition, general recommendations for the acute care of children are presented and challenges in practice are discussed.The psychosocial emergency care of children requires an adapted approach compared to the care of adult victims. Behavioural competence and stability of the caregivers have an influence on the child's ability to cope. Depending on the time of the intervention, psychosocial emergency care requires different competences. Low-threshold access to support services is a challenge in care practice.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Criança , Alemanha , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/terapia
10.
Psychiatr Serv ; : appips202200044, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have been widely felt among already vulnerable populations, such as U.S. military veterans, including a heightened risk for depression and suicidal ideation. Support hotlines such as the Veterans Crisis Line (VCL) took a central role in addressing various concerns from callers in distress; research has yet to examine the concerns of veterans who used the VCL during the early months of the pandemic. METHODS: A mixed-methods analysis of characteristics of veteran outreach to the VCL during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States was conducted on 342,248 calls during April-December 2020; 3.8% (N=12,869) of calls were coded as related to COVID-19. Quantitative examination was conducted regarding COVID-19-related reasons for contact, suicide risk screens, and caller concerns; 360 unique calls with synopsis notes that included a COVID-19 flag were qualitatively analyzed. RESULTS: Quantitative analysis of the calls with a COVID-19 flag revealed mental health concerns, loneliness, and suicidal thoughts as top reasons veterans contacted the VCL during the pandemic. Qualitative analysis identified specific economic and mental health concerns, including negative impacts on income and housing, increased feelings of depression or anxiety, and pandemic-specific concerns such as testing and vaccine availability. Disrupted access to resources for coping, including support groups or gyms, had negative perceived impacts and sometimes exacerbated preexisting problems such as substance abuse or depression. CONCLUSIONS: These findings emphasize the role of VCL as providing general support to veterans experiencing loneliness and supplying assistance in coping with pandemic-related distress.

11.
Pilot Feasibility Stud ; 8(1): 205, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for psychosis (CBTp) has an established evidence base and is recommended by clinical guidelines to be offered during the acute phases of psychosis. However, few research studies have examined the efficacy of CBTp interventions specifically adapted for the acute mental health inpatient context with most research trials being conducted with white European community populations. AIMS: The aim of this study is to conduct a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT), which incorporates the examination of feasibility markers, of a crisis-focused CBTp intervention adapted for an ethnically diverse acute mental health inpatient population, in preparation for a large-scale randomised controlled trial. The study will examine the feasibility of undertaking the trial, the acceptability and safety of the intervention and the suitability of chosen outcome measures. This will inform the planning of a future, fully powered RCT. METHODS: A single-site, parallel-group, pilot RCT will be conducted examining the intervention. Drawing on principles of coproduction, the intervention has been adapted in partnership with key stakeholders: service users with lived experience of psychosis and of inpatient care (including those from ethnic minority backgrounds), carers, multi-disciplinary inpatient clinicians and researchers. Sixty participants with experience of psychosis and in current receipt of acute mental health inpatient care will be recruited. Participants will be randomly allocated to either the crisis-focused CBTp intervention or treatment as usual (TAU). DISCUSSION: Findings of this pilot RCT will indicate whether a larger multi-site RCT is needed to investigate the efficacy of the intervention. If the initial results demonstrate that this trial is feasible and the intervention is acceptable, it will provide evidence that a full-scale effectiveness trial may be warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial has been prospectively registered on the ISRCTN registry ( ISRCTN59055607 ) on the 18th of February 2021.

12.
Psychiatr Serv ; : appips20220084, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36004437

RESUMO

Research safety protocols are ubiquitous in mental health research involving human subjects and have the potential to harm research participants from racial-ethnic minority populations. For mental health emergencies, such protocols commonly rely on law enforcement for crisis intervention. The authors review inequities experienced by individuals with mental illness in law enforcement encounters, especially Black, Latinx, and other minoritized populations. They then describe the development of a research safety protocol that uses community-based crisis intervention programs as alternatives to law enforcement and provide a roadmap for researchers and institutional review boards to revisit and revise their human subjects safety protocols.

13.
Encephale ; 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985851

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health issue given its huge human and economic consequences. Symptoms prior to suicide are often not specific. Nevertheless, the majority of suicidal people express suicidal thoughts, and nearly one in two meet a health professional in the period preceding the act. Being able to recognize the warnings and intervene during the suicidal crisis, defined as a mental crisis where the major risk is suicide, is to seize the opportunity to postpone the suicidal plan and to gain time to implement in place lasting strategies to combat suffering. Thus, the training for suicidal crisis intervention is a major axis of the suicide prevention strategy. Recently, crisis intervention training programs have been updated with knowledge accumulated since the early 2000's. In France, one of the countries most concerned by suicide, the Hauts-de-France region is one of the most impacted. In this context, the Regional Health Agency of Hauts-de-France included in its Regional Health Program of 2018-2023 the training of healthcare workers who work with high suicidal risk patients. The suicidal crisis intervention training program (SCIT) has been introduced to hospital staffs in Hauts-de-France. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this program. METHODS: Eight training sessions with 15 to 21 participants were carried out from 2019 November to 2021 January in the Hauts-de-France region. Participants were volunteer healthcare professionals in direct contact with suicidal crisis patients. The training included three modules. The first one concerned the suicidal crisis intervention training: definition of the suicidal crisis, typology of the crisis, vulnerability development, crisis evaluation and crisis intervention practice. The second concerned the evaluation with the RED scale (Risk-Emergency-Danger) and the adequate patient orientation to a psychiatric unit. The third was dedicated to the Gatekeeper training with the constitution of a Gatekeeper network to enhance the capacity to detect suicidal risk and to orient the concerned person towards an adequate evaluation or care organization. We evaluated the first two levels of the Kirkpatrick's model: level 1) the participant's satisfaction (rated out of 10), and level 2) the degree of confidence in their professional abilities (rated out of 10) and their skills in responding to a person in a suicidal crisis (using the SIRI-2-VF - French version of the Suicide Intervention Response Inventory-2). The participants were interviewed before (T0), just after (T1) and at one month of training (T2). RESULTS: Among the 141 health professionals who followed the training, 139 answered the questionnaire at least one time (13 psychologists, 22 doctors, 97 nurses and 7 head nurses). The participation rates were 99.3 % at T0, 96.4 % at T1 and 46.0 % at T2. Most of the participants were nurses (69.8 %), and 33.1 % of the respondents declared they had already followed a suicidal crisis training. The satisfaction with the training was evaluated at 8.6 (± 1.3) out of 10. There was no significant difference among the professions, neither between those having already received or not a previous training. The self-perceived capacity to manage a suicidal crisis was rate 6.8 (± 1.8) out of 10 at T0. There was a significant increase just after the training (8.1±1.2 vs 6,8±1,8, p<0,001) which persisted at 1 month (8.1±1.1 vs 6.8±1.8, P<0.001). The score at the SIRI-2-VF was 15.0 (± 4.2) out of 30 at T0. There was a significant increase just after the training (17.5±3.5 vs 15.0±4.2, P<0.001), which persisted at 1 month (17.0±4.0 vs 15.0±4.2, P<0.001). DISCUSSION: This is the first evaluation of the suicidal crisis intervention training program. This program increased and homogenized the competency of the participants to manage suicidal ideation and behaviors. Those who followed a previous training maintained higher scores than the others, which shows the importance of repeated training to maintain a satisfying level of knowledge over the long term. One of the strengths of this training is the use of roleplay which enhances the learning and abilities to interact with people at suicidal risk. It seems important to integrate a suicidal crisis intervention training in the cursus of health students to avoid suicide and the dramatic consequences for the entourage and the health professionals who are confronted with it. CONCLUSION: The SCIT program showed encouraging results in terms of confidence and capacity of the healthcare professionals to intervene in suicidal crisis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915919

RESUMO

Lifeline Australia operates crisis support services through Lifeline Crisis Supporters. An integral part of their role is to conduct online suicide risk assessments with help-seekers. However, there is limited literature regarding suicide risk assessment practices for this population. This study aimed to examine how suicide prevention training, vicarious trauma and fears impacted suicide risk assessment behaviours of Lifeline Crisis Supporters. A cross-sectional survey design was used to recruit a volunteer convenience sample of 125 Lifeline Australia Crisis Supporters (75.2% females; Mage  = 54.9) in 2018 to participate in an online survey. Findings revealed that those with more suicide-specific training had less risk assessment-related fears, and that fears were not related to attitudes towards suicide prevention. There was no significant relationship between vicarious trauma and amount of training or years of experience in the role. Further, participants with higher levels of vicarious trauma demonstrated significantly more negative attitudes towards suicide prevention. Overall, training appears to be a significant factor in suicide risk assessment practice behaviours of Lifeline Crisis Supporters, highlighting a need for ongoing training and support for them. This research also suggests that whilst fears exist, they do not significantly impair Lifeline Crisis Supporters' ability to undertake suicide risk assessment.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 937573, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35903639

RESUMO

Objective: The psychological problems of frontline nurses in COVID-19 prevention and control are very prominent, and targeted intervention is needed to alleviate them. This study was to assess the impact of online intervention programs on psychological crisis of anxiety, depression levels and physical symptoms among frontline nurses fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A three-stage online psychological crisis intervention program was established. The General Anxiety 7 (GAD-7) assessment, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Self-rating Somatic Symptom Scale (SSS) were used to evaluate the effect of intervention on the day before entering isolation wards (Time 1), the first day after leaving the isolation ward (Time 2), and at the end of the intervention (Time 3). Results: Sixty-two nurses completed the study, including 59 female (95.2%) and three male nurses (4.8%) with an age range of 23-49 (mean 33.37 ± 6.01). A significant (P < 0.01) difference existed in the scores of GAD-7, PHQ-9, and SSS at different intervention periods. The GAD-7 score was significantly (P < 0.001) lower at the end of quarantine period (time 3) than that before entering the isolation wards (time 1) or after leaving the isolation wards (time 2), the PHQ-9 score was significantly (P = 0.016) lower at the end of quarantine period (time 3) than that after leaving the isolation wards (time 2), and the SSS score was significantly (P < 0.001) lower at the end of quarantine period (time 3) than that before entering the isolation wards (time 1) or after leaving the isolation wards (time 2). Conclusion: The three-stage online intervention program based on the psychological crisis can be effective in reducing negative emotions and somatic symptoms and improving the mental health of frontline nurses in prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic. It may provide an empirical basis for psychological crisis intervention of frontline medical staff when facing public health emergencies.

17.
Front Psychol ; 13: 858903, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795422

RESUMO

In recent years, suicide has become the leading cause of unnatural death among college students in China. Psychological monitors, as class cadres who manage affairs related to mental health within their classes, are critical in identifying and intervening in psychological crises among their classmates. In China, however, talking about death is a cultural taboo, and many mental health workers have expressed concern about their implementation of interviews about suicide with others. Generally speaking, interviews with suicidal classmates are usually conducted by professional psychological experts and psychological monitors (psychological monitors are non-professional peer counselors in China). Such classmates that have undergone both the aforementioned types of interviews were investigated in this paper. However, this paper focuses on two issues. Firstly, what are the perceptions of classmates who have been interviewed toward the experience of being interviewed by psychological monitors? Secondly, what are the psychological monitors' perceptions of their implementation of interviews about suicide with classmates? In this study, 1,664 classmates who had been interviewed and 1,320 psychological monitors were surveyed by means of an online questionnaire. The results showed that classmates who have been interviewed perceived their experience of being interviewed by a psychological monitor about suicide more positively than the psychological monitors who viewed their implementation of interviews about suicide with classmates. Among the classmates who have been interviewed, three categories of classmates have more positive perceptions of their experience of being interviewed by a psychological monitor about suicide. Category one is males. Category two is those who were willing to seek help from the psychological monitors. Category three is those who had a more correct attitude toward mental illness. Among the psychological monitors, three categories of psychological monitors have more positive perceptions of their implementation of interviews about suicide with classmates. Category one is those who have the experience of implementing interviews with their classmates. Category two is those who have received training. Category three is those who had a more correct attitude toward mental illness. Psychological monitors can interview classmates confidently, and the training of psychological monitors on mental health knowledge should be strengthened in universities.

18.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35788401

RESUMO

Crisis intervention and emergency counseling teams have been filling a supply gap in non-police emergency response for the past few decades. Psychosocial acute assistance (PSAH) as a subsection of psychosocial emergency care (PSNV) focuses on relatives, people missing someone, and eyewitnesses and survivors of stressful events and offers immediate event-related psychosocial support.The operations of crisis intervention teams (KIT) are now widely accepted and recognized; KIT emergency services provide important psychosocial support based on profound training following clear guidelines. Quality assurance, legal foundations, and the question of financing PSAH will be the central topics of the present decade.This article gives a comprehensive overview of the work of KIT and describes the structure, logic of action, and goals of the PSAH. The focus is on the presentation of the operational processes and the individual measures during KIT operations.


Assuntos
Intervenção na Crise , Emergências , Aconselhamento , Alemanha , Humanos
19.
Braz J Psychiatry ; 2022 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crisis hotlines are described as a direct communication system, usually telephone, set up to prevent suicide. However, few studies have evaluated their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to perform a systematic review, using PRISMA, on the effectiveness of interventions through direct communication systems to reduce the number of suicides or suicide attempts. METHODS: This is a systematic review that searched the following databases: Medline, Cochrane, Scielo, and clinicaltrials.gov. We used the Oxford 2011 classification to assess the level of evidence. RESULTS: The literature search found 267 studies, of which 35 fulfilled the selection criteria. Although significant heterogeneity was found among studies, there is evidence that direct telephone interventions are effective when included in broader preventive protocols with a trained team. DISCUSSION: Despite the limitations, e.g., heterogeneity of samples, distinctive designs, and different outcomes, it is possible to implement a protocol for the use of remote services to prevent suicide and suicide attempts. CONCLUSION: A hotline or similar could be an effective intervention for broader suicide prevention programs. However, as the studies are very heterogeneous, it is necessary to specify the main protocols components that enhance effectiveness.

20.
Psychiatr Serv ; 73(10): 1179-1181, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35895843

RESUMO

The recent implementation of 988 as a behavioral crisis hotline is a critical opportunity for improving crisis care across the United States. The bold vision for 988 is to offer individuals experiencing a mental health crisis a rapid entry into a coordinated crisis system and reduce reliance on 911 (and prevent a police response when it is not warranted). In this Open Forum, the authors suggest that mental health professionals have a role to play in educating their clients about when to use 988. Promoting 988 will also depend on answering key questions about what constitutes a crisis and how 988 is being implemented at a local level.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Intervenção na Crise , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Saúde Mental , Polícia , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...