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1.
Front Dent ; 21: 2, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571900

RESUMO

Conventional obturator prostheses might cause dissatisfaction in patients with hard or soft palate defects due to inadequate retention and function during speech, mastication, and swallowing. Thus, surgical reconstruction and implant-supported obturators are considered as alternative treatments for these patients. This case-report study describes the prosthetic reconstruction of an 88-year-old patient suffering from a hard palate defect after surgical resection of verrucous carcinoma in the left side of the hard palate. Fifteen months after radiotherapy, two implants were placed in the right side of the remaining ridge, in the second and third molar region. After the implant healing period, the implant-supported obturator prosthesis was fabricated. The patient was satisfied with the esthetics and function of the obturator at the 12-month recall visit and radiographs showed normal healing and no bone loss around the implants.

2.
J Oral Implantol ; 50(1): 9-17, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579116

RESUMO

The goal of this clinical report was to present an alternative to traditional flat bone reduction guides, using a custom-designed 3-dimensional (3D)-printed guide according to the future gingival margin of the planned dentition. A 61-year-old woman with concerns regarding her smile appearance was presented. The initial examination revealed excessive gingival show accompanied by excessive overjet. The dentition was in a failing situation. The proposed treatment plan, relying on the sufficient amount of bone and keratinized tissue, consisted of recontouring of the alveolar ridge and gingiva and placement of 6 implants and an FP-1 prosthesis after extraction of all remaining maxillary teeth. Digital smile design was completed, and a fully digitally guided surgery was planned. This consisted of using 3 surgical guides, starting with the fixation pin guide, continuing with the scalloped hard- and soft-tissue reduction guide, and finally the implant placement template. Following the surgery, the patient received a temporary restoration, and on the 4-month follow-up, a new polymethyl meta-acrylate temporary prosthesis was delivered. The patient's 7-month follow-up is presented in the article. The report of this triple-template guided surgery indicated that digital 3D planning is a considerably predictable tool to properly establish and evaluate future occlusal plane, smile line, and lip support. Scalloped guides seem to be an excellent alternative to conventional bone reduction guides since they require less bone removal and improve patient comfort during surgery.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária Endóssea , Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Processo Alveolar , Gengiva/cirurgia , Implantação de Prótese , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante
3.
J Oral Implantol ; 50(1): 31-38, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579114

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical behavior of UCLA and Mini-conical abutments for implants with Tri-channel connections regarding torque loss and vertical misfit. Twenty 3-element metal-ceramic fixed partial dentures (FPD) supported by 2 implants were manufactured and divided into 2 groups (n = 10): UCLA (group 1) and Mini-conical Abutments (group 2). The evaluation of torque loss was carried out before and after mechanical cycling, while the vertical fit was evaluated throughout the different stages of manufacturing the prostheses, as well pre- and postcycling (300,000 cycles, 30 N). Statistical analyses of torque loss and vertical misfit were performed using the linear mixed effects model. Both groups showed torque loss after mechanical cycling (P < .05); however, there was no significant percentage differences between them (P = .795). Before cycling, the groups showed a significant difference in terms of vertical misfit values (P < .05); however, this difference was no long observed after cycling (P = .894). Both groups showed torque loss after the cycling test, with no significant difference (P > .05). There was no significant difference in vertical misfit after mechanical cycling; however, in group 1 (UCLA) there was accommodation of the implant-UCLA abutment interface, while group 2 (Mini-conical abutment) did not show changes in the interface with the implant after the test. Both groups behaved similarly regarding the torque loss of the prosthesis retention screws pre- and postmechanical cycling, with greater loss after the test.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Torque , Dente Suporte , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Retenção em Prótese Dentária , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is (1) to compare the accuracy of an open-sleeved static computer-assisted implant system (sCAIS) with a closed-sleeve sCAIS and free-hand approach in immediate implant placement (IIP) of maxillary molar sites and (2) to investigate the influence of socket morphology on these approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety partially edentulous duplicated maxillary models simulating three different molar sockets (type A, B, and C based on Smith and Tarnow's classification) were investigated. Three modalities, including sCAIS with open-sleeves, sCAIS with closed-sleeves, and free-hand approach, were applied separately to 30 models with 120 sockets. A customized Python script automatically measured the deviations between the virtual and actual implant positions for all 360 implants. RESULTS: The 3D deviations of sCAIS were significantly influenced by the socket and sleeve types. Both guided groups exhibited significantly less deviation than the free-hand approach. Type A and C sockets resulted in better implant positions than type B socket sites. In type B sockets, the open-sleeve group achieved significantly less deviation compared to the closed-sleeve group, with respect to apical global (1.34 ± 0.53 vs. 1.84 ± 0.59 mm), coronal horizontal (0.68 ± 0.36 vs. 0.93 ± 0.34 mm), apical horizontal (1.21 ± 0.59 vs. 1.74 ± 0.63 mm), and angular (3.30 ± 1.41 vs. 4.41 ± 1.96°) deviations. CONCLUSIONS: Guided implant surgery significantly reduces deviations during molar IIP compared to free-hand procedures. Furthermore, the use of open-sleeve sCAIS appears to be more effective in minimizing deviations in type B sockets when compared with the closed-sleeve guided system.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587434

RESUMO

Dental implants have been clinically used for almost five decades with high success rates. In vitro research models used in implant dentistry are limited to two-dimensional experiments, which are reproducible and well adapted to evaluate a single parameter but do not reproduce the complexity of clinical settings. On the contrary, the in vivo research models using animals offer similar histological and anatomical features to humans, and tissue healing can be close to a clinical situation, but those models are usually accompanied with ethical concerns, and their outcomes could not be extrapolated to humans because of interspecies variabilities. This makes the development of novel in vitro models that recapitulate physiological events occurring during dental implant placement of particular interest for current research in dentistry. Also, such models could be challenged by setting a pathological environment (peri-implantitis) to better understand the disease and eventually serve as a platform to evaluate novel treatment modalities. The aim of this systematic literature review was to cover all the in vitro three-dimensional (3D) complex models available for research in implant dentistry. To accomplish this, a comprehensive search of the literature present on Scopus and PubMed databases was done using specific keywords, as well as inclusion/exclusion criteria. Out of 1334 articles found, we have finally included 27 articles in this review with publication dates between 2001 and 2022. In those articles, the 3D models were designed to study tissue-implant interface behavior in bone or gingival tissue. The articles focused on simulating implant integration, evaluating the effect of different conditions on implant integration, or developing an infection model for the implant integration process. The methods used involved implant material and cells organized in a specific 3D structure. The 3D models developed were able to simulate the process of dental implant osseo- and soft tissue integration and lead to results comparable with conventional in vitro and in vivo models. A relatively limited number of articles were obtained, which indicates that this is an emerging field, highly dependent on progresses made in biotechnologies and tissue engineering, and that further investigation is needed to enhance these 3D in vitro models.

6.
J Dent Res ; : 220345241229646, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581213

RESUMO

Titanium (Ti)-based biomaterials lack inherent antimicrobial activities, and the dental plaque formed on the implant surface is one of the main risk factors for implant infections. Construction of an antibacterial surface can effectively prevent implant infections and enhance implant success. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) exhibit broad antibacterial activity and a low tendency to induce drug resistance, but AgNPs easily self-aggregate in the aqueous environment, which significantly impairs their antibacterial activity. In this study, UiO-66/AgNP (U/A) nanocomposite was prepared, where zirconium metal-organic frameworks (UiO-66) were employed as the confinement matrix to control the particle size and prevent aggregation of AgNPs. The bactericidal activity of U/A against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli increased nearly 75.51 and 484.50 times compared with individually synthesized Ag. The antibacterial mechanism can be attributed to the enhanced membrane rupture caused by the ultrafine AgNPs on UiO-66, leading to protein leakage and generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. Then, U/A was loaded onto Ti substrates (Ti-U/A) by using self-assembly deposition methods to construct an antibacterial surface coating. Ti-U/A exhibited excellent antibacterial activities and desired biocompatibility both in vitro and in vivo. The U/A nanocomposite coating technique is thus expected to be used as a promising surface modification strategy for Ti-based dental implants for preventing dental implant infections.

7.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 86(4): 2266-2276, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576989

RESUMO

Introduction and importance: Extraction of mandibular third molars can lead to complications such as chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis (CSO), an inflammatory bone marrow disease that tends to progress. CSO involves the cortical plates and often the periosteal tissues and is caused by a variety of microorganisms, including Corynebacterium spp. The treatment of chronic osteomyelitis (CO) and CSO remains challenging, as there is no universal treatment protocol. This case report investigated whether jaw bone that has healed from chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis can be considered healthy bone when planning dental implants. Case presentation: A 21-year-old Caucasian woman developed CO and CSO after third molar surgery. Clinical discussion: A combination of alveolar ridge bone resection, extraction of teeth 47-32, and long-term specific antibiotic therapy against Corynebacterium spp. was administered. An attempt at preprosthetic alveolar ridge reconstruction with an anterior superior iliac crest bone graft resulted in graft failure and the patient refused further harvesting procedures. Implantation in the intraforaminal zone also resulted in the loss of two implants after loading. Finally, inferior alveolar nerve transposition resulted in the successful reimplantation of two implants, which were fully functional almost 11 years later. Conclusion: This case report presents the treatment history of this patient. With a longitudinal observation period of greater than 20 years, the results of this case demonstrate the successful treatment of bone with CO, CSO, and Corynebacterium spp. infection. Following the removal of infected bone, radical debridement, and long-term antibiotic therapy, bone health was restored.

8.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various medical conditions and the drugs used to treat them have been shown to impede or complicate dental implant surgery. It is crucial to carefully monitor the medical status and potential post-operative complications of patients with systemic diseases, particularly elderly patients, to minimize the risk of health complications that may arise. AIM: The purpose of this study was to review the existing evidence on the viability of dental implants in patients with systemic diseases and to provide practical recommendations to achieve the best possible results in the corresponding patient population. METHODS: The information for our study was compiled using data from PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases and searched separately for each systemic disease included in our work until October 2023. An additional manual search was also performed to increase the search sensitivity. Only English-language publications were included and assessed according to titles, abstracts and full texts. RESULTS: In total, 6784 studies were found. After checking for duplicates and full-text availability, screening for the inclusion criteria and manually searching reference lists, 570 articles remained to be considered in this study. CONCLUSION: In treating patients with systemic conditions, the cost-benefit analysis should consider the patient's quality of life and expected lifespan. The success of dental implants depends heavily on ensuring appropriate maintenance therapy, ideal oral hygiene standards, no smoking and avoiding other risk factors. Indications and contraindications for dental implants in cases of systemic diseases are yet to be more understood; broader and hardcore research needs to be done for a guideline foundation.

9.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561985

RESUMO

AIM: To apply high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) echo intensity for characterizing peri-implant tissues at healthy and diseased sites and to investigate the possible ultrasonographic markers of health versus disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients presenting 60 implants diagnosed as healthy (N = 30) and peri-implantitis (N = 30) were assessed with HFUS. HFUS scans were imported into a software where first-order greyscale outcomes [i.e., mean echo intensity (EI)] and second-order greyscale outcomes were assessed. Other ultrasonographic outcomes of interest involved the vertical extension of the hypoechoic supracrestal area (HSA), soft-tissue area (STA) and buccal bone dehiscence (BBD), among others. RESULTS: HFUS EI mean values obtained from peri-implant soft tissue at healthy and diseased sites were 122.9 ± 19.7 and 107.9 ± 24.7 grey levels (GL); p = .02, respectively. All the diseased sites showed the appearance of an HSA that was not present in healthy implants (area under the curve = 1). The proportion of HSA/STA was 37.9% ± 14.8%. Regression analysis showed that EI of the peri-implant soft tissue was significantly different between healthy and peri-implantitis sites (odds ratio 0.97 [95% confidence interval: 0.94-0.99], p = .019). CONCLUSIONS: HFUS EI characterization of peri-implant tissues shows a significant difference between healthy and diseased sites. HFUS EI and the presence/absence of an HSA may be valid diagnostic ultrasonographic markers to discriminate peri-implant health status.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the one year implant treatment outcome and patient-related outcome measures (PROMs) following maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) with autogenous bone graft (ABG) from the zygomatic buttress (control) compared with 1:1 mixture of ABG and anorganic porcine bone mineral (APBM) (Test I) or biphasic bone graft material (BBGM) (Test II). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty healthy patients (34 females, 26 males) were randomly allocated to either control or test groups. Outcome measures included survival of suprastructures and implants, implant stability quotient, health status of peri-implant tissue, peri-implant marginal bone loss, frequency of complications, and PROMs using Oral Health Impact Profile-14 combined with questionnaire assessing patient perception of peri-implant soft tissue, prosthetic solution, implant function, and implant treatment outcome using visual analogue scale. Mean differences were expressed with standard deviation and 95% confidence interval. Level of significance was .05. RESULTS: All suprastructures and implants were well-functioning after one year of functional implant loading. There was no significant difference between control and test groups in any of the applied outcome measures. The implant stability significantly increased from implant placement to abutment connection within all groups (p < .001). High patient satisfaction and significant improvement in oral health-related quality of life was also reported within all groups. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that MSFA with composite grafts containing minimal amounts of ABG reveals comparable implant treatment outcomes as compared with ABG alone, after one year of functional implant loading. Extensive ABG harvesting in conjunction with MSFA therefore seems not to be needed.

11.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1371405, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562168

RESUMO

Introduction: Mandibular reconstruction with the free fibula flap (FFF) has become a standardized procedure. The situation is different with oral rehabilitation, so the purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of implant placement and prosthetic restoration. Additionally, the patients' situation, motivation, and treatment course were structurally assessed. Materials and methods: All cases between January 2013 and December 2018 that underwent mandibular reconstruction in our department with a free fibula flap and gave written informed consent to participate were interviewed with two structured questionnaires about their restoration and quality of life. Additionally, medical records, general information, status of implants and therapy, and metric analyses of the inserted implants were performed. Results: In total 59 patients were enrolled and analyzed in this monocentric study. Overall, oral rehabilitation was achieved in 23.7% at the time of investigation. In detail, implants were inserted in 37.3% of patients and showed an 83.3% survival of dental implants. Of these implanted patients, dental implants were successfully restored with a prosthetic restoration in 63.6. Within this subgroup, satisfaction with the postoperative aesthetic and functional result was 79.9% and with the oral rehabilitation process was 68.2%. Satisfaction with the implant-borne prosthesis was 87.5%, with non-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma patients being statistically significantly more content with the handling (p=0.046) and care (p=0.031) of the prosthesis. Discussion: Despite the well-reconstructed bony structures, there is a need to increase the effort of achieving oral rehabilitation, especially looking at the patient's persistent motivation for the procedure.

12.
J Imaging Inform Med ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565730

RESUMO

This study aims to provide an effective solution for the autonomous identification of dental implant brands through a deep learning-based computer diagnostic system. It also seeks to ascertain the system's potential in clinical practices and to offer a strategic framework for improving diagnosis and treatment processes in implantology. This study employed a total of 28 different deep learning models, including 18 convolutional neural network (CNN) models (VGG, ResNet, DenseNet, EfficientNet, RegNet, ConvNeXt) and 10 vision transformer models (Swin and Vision Transformer). The dataset comprises 1258 panoramic radiographs from patients who received implant treatments at Erciyes University Faculty of Dentistry between 2012 and 2023. It is utilized for the training and evaluation process of deep learning models and consists of prototypes from six different implant systems provided by six manufacturers. The deep learning-based dental implant system provided high classification accuracy for different dental implant brands using deep learning models. Furthermore, among all the architectures evaluated, the small model of the ConvNeXt architecture achieved an impressive accuracy rate of 94.2%, demonstrating a high level of classification success.This study emphasizes the effectiveness of deep learning-based systems in achieving high classification accuracy in dental implant types. These findings pave the way for integrating advanced deep learning tools into clinical practice, promising significant improvements in patient care and treatment outcomes.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This in-vitro study assessed the influence of two intraoral scanning (IOS) protocols on the accuracy (trueness and precision) of digital scans performed in edentulous arches. METHODS: Twenty-two abutment-level master casts of edentulous arches with at least four implants were scanned repeatedly five times, each with two different scanning protocols. Protocol A (IOS-A) consisted of scanning the edentulous arch before inserting the implant scan bodies, followed by their insertion and its subsequent digital acquisition. Protocol B (IOS-B) consisted of scanning the edentulous arch with the scan bodies inserted from the outset. A reference scan from each edentulous cast was obtained using a laboratory scanner. Trueness and precision were calculated using the spatial fit analysis, cross-arch distance, and virtual Sheffield test. Statistical analysis was performed using generalized estimating equations (GEEs). Statistical significance was set at α = .05. RESULTS: In the spatial fit test, the precision of average 3D distances was 45 µm (±23 µm) with protocol IOS-A and 25 µm (±10 µm) for IOS-B (p < .001), and the trueness of average 3D distances was 44 µm (±24 µm) with protocol IOS-A and 24 µm (±7 µm) for IOS-B (p < .001). Cross-arch distance precision was 59 µm (±53 µm) for IOS-A and 41 µm (±43 µm) for IOS-B (p = .0035), and trueness was 64 µm (±47 µm) for IOS-A and 50 µm (±40 µm) for IOS-B (p = .0021). Virtual Sheffield precision was 286 µm (±198 µm) for IOS-A and 146 µm (±92 µm) for IOS-B (p < .001), and trueness was 228 µm (±171 µm) for IOS-A and 139 µm (±92 µm) for IOS-B (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The IOS-B protocol demonstrated significantly superior accuracy. Placement of scan bodies before scanning the edentulous arch is recommended to improve the accuracy of complete-arch intraoral scanning.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This RCT aimed to compare zirconia and titanium dental implants in the maxillary premolar region. The comparison was based on marginal bone level (MBL) changes, clinical parameters, aesthetic outcomes, and patient related outcome measures (PROMs) 1 year after prosthetic loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were randomly assigned to receive either a zirconia (ZrO2, n = 25) implant or a titanium (Ti, n = 25) bone-level implant. Implants were provided with a lithium disilicate crown 3 months after placement. Follow-up was at 1 month and after 1 year. The primary outcome pertained to changes in MBL. Reported secondary outcomes consisted of implant survival, peri-implant tissue health, aesthetics, and PROMs. RESULTS: Mean MBL change after 1 year was 0.01 mm (SD = 0.45; min = 0.72, max = 0.86) for ZrO2 and -0.09 mm (SD = 0.34; min = 0.53, max = -1.06) for Ti (p = .439). Scores for the other clinical outcome parameters and PROMs were generally favorable, with no significant differences. However, significant differences were found for the aesthetic outcomes regarding two criteria: (a) level of facial mucosa (p = .022), in favor of Ti, and (b) root convexity/soft tissue color and texture (p = .005) in favor of ZrO2. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The ZrO2 and Ti implant types used in this study, replacing a single missing maxillary premolar, show a comparable outcome in terms of MBL change after 1 year. Clinical and aesthetic parameters, as well as PROMs, are favorable and similar between both implant types after 1 year of prosthetic loading. These short-term study results suggest that both are suitable for clinical use.

15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7624, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561345

RESUMO

It is known that titanium (Ti) implant surfaces exhibit poor antibacterial properties and osteogenesis. In this study, chitosan particles loaded with aspirin, amoxicillin or aspirin + amoxicillin were synthesized and coated onto implant surfaces. In addition to analysing the surface characteristics of the modified Ti surfaces, the effects of the modified Ti surfaces on the adhesion and viability of rat bone marrow-derived stem cells (rBMSCs) were evaluated. The metabolic activities of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) biofilms on the modified Ti surfaces were also measured in vitro. Moreover, S. aureus was tested for its antibacterial effect by coating it in vivo. Using water as the droplet medium, the contact angles of the modified Ti surfaces increased from 44.12 ± 1.75° to 58.37 ± 4.15°. In comparison to those of the other groups tested, significant increases in rBMSC adhesion and proliferation were observed in the presence of aspirin + amoxicillin-loaded microspheres, whereas a significant reduction in the metabolic level of biofilms was observed in the presence of aspirin + amoxicillin-loaded microspheres both in vitro and in vivo. Aspirin and amoxicillin could be used in combination to coat implant surfaces to mitigate bacterial activities and promote osteogenesis.


Assuntos
Amoxicilina , Quitosana , Indóis , Polímeros , Ratos , Animais , Amoxicilina/farmacologia , Aspirina/farmacologia , Titânio/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Osteogênese , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia
16.
J Periodontal Res ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594821

RESUMO

This image article presents a single patient receiving a reconstructed fibular bony peak (BP) for guided bone regeneration (GBR) with a customized titanium mesh. The patient was informed and understood the objectives and signed a written informed consent document before surgery.

17.
J Prosthodont ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594924

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Bioceramic coatings have been shown to promote bone repair, which aids in the early integration of implants. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of air abrasion with a bioceramic abrasive on the surface characteristics of different implant materials and surfaces. The dissolution of the applied treatment from the surfaces over 3 weeks was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Discs of three alloys used for dental implants were studied and compared: two types of commercially pure titanium (CpTi)/ (CpTi SLActive) and titanium-zirconia (TiZr). The tested surfaces were: CpTi control (CpC), sandblasted (SB), sandblasted and acid-etched (SBE), and CpTi SLActive®, (TiZr) Roxolid®. Three discs from each group underwent air abrasion with apatite bioceramic powders, 95% hydroxyapatite (HA)/5% calcium oxide (CaO), and 90% hydroxyapatite (HA)/10% calcium oxide (CaO). The treated discs were surface characterized by optical profilometry to obtain surface roughness, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) to compare element weight percentages of titanium, calcium, and phosphate. Dissolution was assessed using inductively coupled plasma optic emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). RESULTS: Bioceramic powders were deposited on all tested surfaces leading to changes in surface characteristics. The only statistically significant differences between the material groups for surface roughness were found with 95% HA/5% CaO powder in the Sp and Rp parameters (p = 0.03 and 0.04, respectively). There were no significant differences in the Ca and P wt% between all groups and powders 95% HA/5% CaO and 90% HA/10% CaO (p = 0.14, 0.18, and p = 0.15, 0.12, respectively). A non-uniform dispersion of the treatment on the surface layer was visible on all treated surfaces. The bioceramic powder continued to dissolute from the tested surfaces for 3 weeks. CONCLUSION: Bioceramic abrasion modifies implant surface characteristics, although the change in surface characteristics resulting from such treatment was not influenced by the implant material or surface treatment. Air abrasion with hydroxyapatite and calcium oxide bioceramics leaves powder deposits on the treated implant surfaces that could potentially influence the healing of implants affected by peri-implantitis.

18.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical, clinician- and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of two adjacent single posterior implants immediately loaded with definitive single crowns up to 1 year. Ten patients in need of two adjacent posterior single implants were included. All implants were placed applying a fully digital workflow. Definitive screw-retained single zirconia crowns were delivered within 72 h after implant placement. Clinical parameters, patient- and clinician-reported outcomes were assessed up to 1 year of follow-up. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Clinical outcomes remained stable, with no implant failures or technical and biological complications throughout the observation period. Patient satisfaction was very high at baseline (crown delivery) and remained consistently high at 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Crown insertion 3 days after implant placement was rated as an easy procedure by clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Two adjacent single implants with immediate definitive restorations (<72 h) in the posterior region appear to be a viable and easy treatment option to shorten the overall treatment time and potentially enhancing patient satisfaction. However, randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the advantages of this treatment protocol over a delayed loading approach. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In selected cases, immediate implant loading with definitive restorations in the posterior region appears a valuable and straightforward option to shorten the overall treatment time.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this narrative review was to explore the application of digital technologies (DT) for the simplification and improvement of bone augmentation procedures in advanced implant dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search on electronic databases was performed to identify systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized and non-randomized controlled trials, prospective/retrospective case series, and case reports related to the application of DT in advanced implant dentistry. RESULTS: Seventy-nine articles were included. Potential fields of application of DT are the following: 1) the use of intra-oral scanners for the definition of soft tissue profile and the residual dentition; 2) the use of dental lab CAD (computer-aided design) software to create a digital wax-up replicating the ideal ridge and tooth morphology; 3) the matching of STL (Standard Triangulation Language) files with DICOM (DIgital COmmunication in Medicine) files from CBCTs with a dedicated software; 4) the production of stereolithographic 3D models reproducing the jaws and the bone defects; 5) the creation of surgical templates to guide implant placement and augmentation procedures; 6) the production of customized meshes for bone regeneration; and 7) the use of static or dynamic computer-aided implant placement. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this narrative review seem to demonstrate that the use of a partially or fully digital workflow can be successfully used also in advanced implant dentistry. However, the number of studies (in particular RCTs) focused on the use of a fully digital workflow in advanced implant dentistry is still limited and more studies are needed to properly evaluate the potentials of DT.

20.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591966

RESUMO

To develop a peri-implantitis model in a Gottingen minipig and evaluate the effect of local application of salicylic acid poly(anhydride-ester) (SAPAE) on peri-implantitis progression in healthy, metabolic syndrome (MS), and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects. Eighteen animals were allocated to three groups: (i) control, (ii) MS (diet for obesity induction), and (iii) T2DM (diet plus streptozotocin for T2DM induction). Maxillary and mandible premolars and first molar were extracted. After 3 months of healing, four implants per side were placed in both jaws of each animal. After 2 months, peri-implantitis was induced by plaque formation using silk ligatures. SAPAE polymer was mixed with mineral oil (3.75 mg/µL) and topically applied biweekly for up to 60 days to halt peri-implantitis progression. Periodontal probing was used to assess pocket depth over time, followed by histomorphologic analysis of harvested samples. The adopted protocol resulted in the onset of peri-implantitis, with healthy minipigs taking twice as long to reach the same level of probing depth relative to MS and T2DM subjects (∼3.0 mm), irrespective of jaw. In a qualitative analysis, SAPAE therapy revealed decreased levels of inflammation in the normoglycemic, MS, and T2DM groups. SAPAE application around implants significantly reduced the progression of peri-implantitis after ∼15 days of therapy, with ∼30% lower probing depth for all systemic conditions and similar rates of probing depth increase per week between the control and SAPAE groups. MS and T2DM conditions presented a faster progression of the peri-implant pocket depth. SAPAE treatment reduced peri-implantitis progression in healthy, MS, and T2DM groups.

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