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1.
Biomimetics (Basel) ; 9(5)2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786510

RESUMO

Anterior teeth restoration represents a challenge for dentists, who often rely on the dental technician's wax-up. The proposed Stratified Stamp Technique (SST) allows for clinically reproducing the wax-up in a quick and easy way. A patient with fractures and discoloration on the upper central incisors was treated with resin-based composite direct restorations. Using SST, a 1 mm thick thermoformed polyethylene-terephthalate-glycol (PETG) template, based on the technician's wax-up, was produced. Enamel Selective Area Reduction (SAR) was performed to guarantee adequate space for the restorations, and the fracture margins were rounded and finished. Traditional layering procedures according to the five color dimensions of teeth were performed, except for the final labial layer, which was realized with warm composite loaded inside the template and polymerized through it, in order to ensure accurate tooth morphology reproduction. SST offers a reliable method for transferring technician's wax-up morphology to direct composite restorations in anterior teeth. Compared with other methods, SST allows for better isolation with a rubber dam and permits traditional layering with multiple composite shades, thus leading to satisfactory esthetic outcomes.

2.
Aust Endod J ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38798140

RESUMO

Tooth resorption refers to the loss of the organic and inorganic components of tooth structure by clastic cells. The complex and multifaceted nature of its aetiology, along with the several classification schemes published in the area, are likely to create confusion amongst researchers and clinicians, and may lead to compromised treatment decisions. Therefore, this paper will categorise and address tooth resorption based on aetiology in order to help clinicians diagnose and filter treatment options based on the pathophysiology of the resorption at hand. With recent advancements in the literature, the purpose of this paper is to provide clinicians with a current, clinically relevant summary of the various forms of tooth resorption, with a focus on aetiologically driven treatment strategies and suggestions that facilitate their recognition, diagnosis and management.

3.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Specialist paediatric dentists are integral to dental trauma care pathways. General dentists rely on specialist input, more so in complex cases. Little is known about specialists' role in these pathways or the perceived barriers they face. The aim is to explore specialists' role in managing traumatic dental injuries in the permanent dentition in children. MATERIAL/METHODS: Face-to-face (remote video) online semi-structured interviews were undertaken. All UK specialists were invited by email. Purposeful sampling aimed to investigate representation from the devolved nations, presence/absence of working within a managed-clinical network and level of care provision. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Data saturation was reached after nine interviews. Three main themes established were: inconsistent access to care; the need to formalise traumatic dental injuries care pathways; educationally upskilling general dentists. Geographical variation in provision of specialist and out-of-hours/emergency department care meant patients risked not receiving care by the most appropriate individual. Formalizing care pathways by clearly defining the role of each stakeholder (specialist, dentist, medical professionals and parents) and developing a method to assess complexity was perceived to be essential to improving treatment outcomes. Upskilling general dentists in trauma management appeared essential. A potential lack of engagement was raised, with a suggestion that trauma management education should become core continuing-professional development. CONCLUSIONS: Specialist input should be available in the management of traumatic dental injuries. Current access to specialist care is inequitable across the UK. Formalizing care pathways and upskilling general dentists could ease inconsistencies.

4.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the consistency and accuracy of responses provided by two artificial intelligence (AI) applications, ChatGPT and Google Bard (Gemini), to questions related to dental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines, 25 dichotomous (yes/no) questions were posed to ChatGPT and Google Bard over 10 days. The responses were recorded and compared with the correct answers. Statistical analyses, including Fleiss kappa, were conducted to determine the agreement and consistency of the responses. RESULTS: Analysis of 4500 responses revealed that both applications provided correct answers to 57.5% of the questions. Google Bard demonstrated a moderate level of agreement, with varying rates of incorrect answers and referrals to physicians. CONCLUSIONS: Although ChatGPT and Google Bard are potential knowledge resources, their consistency and accuracy in responding to dental trauma queries remain limited. Further research involving specially trained AI models in endodontics is warranted to assess their suitability for clinical use.

5.
Cureus ; 16(4): e57946, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737996

RESUMO

Mesiodens are common supernumerary teeth that prominently erupt in the midline between the maxillary central incisors. If two or more mesiodens are present, they are termed mesiodentes, indicating the presence of multiple supernumerary teeth in the midline. These often cause aesthetic disharmony in the anterior teeth due to their abnormal position, leading to extraction in most cases and resulting in midline diastema when impacted or partially erupted. This case is uncommon, as the patient expressed a desire to preserve their mesiodens as a distinctive feature, considering them a familial trait worth retaining. The family history of the patient revealed the occurrence of mesiodens in three generations, highlighting a hereditary pattern of supernumerary teeth within the family. The endodontic therapy involving root canal treatment successfully treated the mesiodens, alleviating pain, and preserving them as desired.

6.
Swiss Dent J ; 134(2): 88-104, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739772

RESUMO

This study, the first to analyze accident data from a major compulsory Swiss health insurer (Concordia), reviewed 5,063 dental accident reports of 122,370 children under the age of 16. The predominant cause of injury was a "fall," with "playing" being the foremost activity mentioned and "ground" identified as the primary object of impact. The analysis of the involved objects showed that dental injuries occur most frequently with scooters, bicycles, and stairs. In 2019, 8.14% of children aged one and insured by Concordia suffered a dental injury. By age 16, 58.8% of all children had experienced a dental injury. 0.72% had suffered a primary dentition crown fracture with pulp involvement. Regarding their permanent teeth, 0.21% suffered an avulsion, 0.84% another luxation injury, 0.65% a crown fracture with pulp involvement, and 0.16% a root fracture. A significant increase in injuries per day was observed after the summer holidays. On weekends, there were 28% fewer injuries per day on average than on weekdays. Despite differences among the cantons, the dataset can be considered to be representative for Switzerland. Accident descriptions were often too brief for detailed prevention strategies. Detailed accident information is essential for effective structural measures, which are more effective than promoting behavioural changes. A detailed recording could also be used to draw up a list of the objects frequently involved in accidents. An updated insurance form with an improved nomenclature, the option of digital submission, photo uploads and AI-supported data recording could greatly improve the quality and interpretability of injury data.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Dentários , Humanos , Suíça/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Lactente , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 103(2): 80-85, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741540

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the effectiveness of pulp revascularization procedure in children with external inflammatory root resorption (EIRR) after constant teeth injury. MATERIALS AND METHOS: The study comprised 17 children aged 6-10 years diagnosed with EIRR as a long-term complication of dental trauma in 19 teeth. EIRR was diagnosed with periapical radiographs and CBCT was performed to further assess the pathology extension. Pulp revascularization was carried out in all 19 teeth. RESULTS: There was no resorption progression in all cases. EIRR areas were substituted by bone. In 10 from 19 teeth with early stages of root development bone or cement-like tissue ingrowth into the root canal was observed radiologically. In cases of severe EIRR this ingrowth may partially compensate for lost tissues which is confirmed by a high percentage (94.7%) of functional teeth during mean follow up time of 38±10 months. CONCLUSION: Pulp revascularization is an effective method for retaining teeth with EIRR for a relatively long period of time and allows maintaining alveolar bone volume both due to functional tooth preservation and healing of bone lesions in periapical and resorption areas.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Reabsorção da Raiz , Humanos , Criança , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Polpa Dentária/irrigação sanguínea , Traumatismos Dentários/terapia , Traumatismos Dentários/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
8.
Dent Mater J ; 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692906

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the colorimetric properties of newly developed composites for dental trauma splints using various staining solutions during the clinical splinting period. The clear shades of G-Fix (GF), Ortho Connect Flow (OC), Light Fix (LF), and Filtek Z350XT (FZ) were fabricated into 96 disk-shaped specimens. Specimens from each composite group were stored in distilled water, coffee, tea, and red wine solutions at 37ºC. CIE values were measured using a spectrophotometer at 24 h after specimen preparation and at 1 day, 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks, and 4 weeks after storage in each solution. Color differences and translucency parameters were calculated using the initial and measured values. Within the experiment period, the color differences of GF, OC, and LF compared to the initial measurement were smaller than that for FZ for all staining solutions except distilled water. There were no significant color differences between the GF, OC, and LF groups.

9.
Cureus ; 16(2): e55191, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558710

RESUMO

Pediatric maxillofacial fractures, which are not very prevalent, account for around 5% of all face injuries. Children under the age of 13 are more susceptible to craniofacial injuries because they have a larger cerebral mass-to-body ratio than adults. The fracture pattern in children does not resemble that of adults, due to which the treatment of pediatric fractures differs from that of adults and can pose substantial difficulties to the pediatric dentist due to many factors, including the complex anatomy of the developing jaw. In this case report, a 5-year-old male patient presented with an injury to the upper and lower jaw. A case was managed with a conservative approach by using a modified open cap splint. A radiographic investigation, including CT brain and face, was done, which revealed the mandibular symphyseal fracture, bilateral condyle, and right Lefort II fracture. A modified open cap splint was fabricated and fixed with circummandibular and circumzygomatic wiring under general anesthesia. After two months, the fractured site showed good healing on orthopantomography (OPG), and satisfactory occlusion was achieved. The patient was kept on monthly follow-ups for up to five months. Treatment guidelines for pediatric maxillary and mandibular fractures are different from those for adults in that most pediatric cases are managed by a conservative approach. Cap splints are a versatile treatment option for juvenile mandibular fractures because they can be used to restore function and aesthetics with minimal morbidity, do not impede jaw growth or the development of dentition, and can be applied to patients of a wider range of ages.

10.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641923

RESUMO

Dental traumas in sports are common and have physical, social, psychological, and economic impacts. The aim of this study was to determine, through a systematic review, the prevalence of dental trauma in contact and non-contact sports. This review was submitted to PROSPERO (CRD42023421206). Included studies addressed the prevalence of dental trauma in young athletes and adults above 18 years, excluding reviews, editorials, symposiums, or those evaluating athletes under 18 years. A literature search was conducted using the databases PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, LIVIVO, SPORTDiscus, Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source (via EBSCO), and Lilacs and BBO, as well as gray literature. Bias risk was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute's Critical Appraisal Checklist. Data were synthesized considering study characteristics, population, sport, and outcomes. R Statistics software was used for all meta-analyses. A total of 1707 articles were identified. After applying eligibility criteria, eight were selected. Three studies, not previously observed, were later added after reading four systematic reviews on a similar topic. Fourteen contact sports and five non-contact sports were analyzed. The prevalence of dental trauma was 11.38% in contact sports and 5.24% in non-contact sports. Regardless of the type of sport, athletes face risks of dental trauma, with contact sports showing higher prevalence. The use of mouthguards is essential across all contact and non-contact sports as a preventive measure.

11.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Dental avulsion injury, being one of the traumatic dental injuries, has negative impacts on children's life quality. This study aims to evaluate the Pediatric Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (POQL) scores of children with dental avulsion history from their perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population of this cross-sectional study comprises 40 patients, aged between 8 and 14, who have a history of dental avulsion, in comparison to 40 other healthy peers. A questionnaire including general questions (such as age, gender, loss of tooth due to dental avulsion, malocclusion) and POQL instrument, with subscales including physical function, social function, emotional function, and role function, were completed by these children. Mann-Whitney U-test is used when comparing the POQL scores. RESULTS: The social scores (median: 47, interquartile range [IQR]: 17-95) and total score percentages (median: 30, IQR: 14-40) of children with a history of avulsion were higher than those of their healthy peers (p < 0.05). The higher total POQL scores among girls (median: 37, IQR: 31-47) with a history of dental avulsion compared to boys (median: 19, IQR: 8-34) (p = .002) can be attributed to girls achieving higher scores in both social (median: 81, IQR: 39-100) and emotional (median: 35, IQR: 17-47) scores following dental avulsion (psocial = .02, pemotional = .006). Whether the avulsed tooth is replanted or not, it has not made any visible impact on the POQL scores. However, the loss of replanted teeth over time has created a borderline significant difference in emotional scores (median: 21, IQR: 11-35, p = .055). CONCLUSION: Within the limits of our study, avulsion injuries have negative effects on children's emotional, social, and total quality of life. Even though avulsion injuries may be inevitable, to prevent these negative effects, it is vital to provide appropriate psychological support in the treatment of these children.

12.
J Oral Microbiol ; 16(1): 2343518, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38665416

RESUMO

Aim: To compare differences in the disinfection efficacy of calcium hydroxide (CH) and chlorhexidine gluconate (CHD) dressings in pulp revitalization (PR) of traumatized immature necrotic teeth; to investigate the microflora in successful/failed PR and whether bacterial persistence influences the outcomes of PR. Methods: Microbiological assessment of the average bacterial load (CFU/sample) and bacterial diversity (taxa/sample) was performed on 41 teeth at three timepoints (S2-before, S3-after debridement and S5- after root canal dressing). Results: The primary microflora was more diverse in successful cases than in failed. Decreases in CFU/sample and taxa/sample occurred S2 - S3, though new increases occurred at S5 in the CHD subgroup (successful and failed) and CFU/sample in the CH subgroup (failed). At S5, the successful cases showed more bacterial decreases. No specific species was associated with the outcomes with no statistical differences between the disinfection efficacy. Conclusions: There were no statistical differences in CH and CHD efficacy. At S5, microflora persisted in both successful and failed outcomes, but the abundance and diversity increased significantly only in the failed cases. The successful outcomes presented higher diversity and higher decreases of the primary microflora at S5 than the failed outcomes. The abundance and diversity increased significantly at S5 only in failed cases.

13.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) is considered the foremost authority in Dental Traumatology. Fellowship status was introduced in 2015 and is considered an international standard of excellence. The Fellowship Committee of the IADT believed it was essential to survey members seeking information on the benefits of the IADT Fellowship and potential considerations for future development. This survey aimed to explore the perceptions of members of IADT surrounding the fellowship process in terms of interest, accessibility, equality, perceived prestige, and value to the membership. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey was sent to 546 IADT members, of whom 89 were fellows (as of 31 July 2022) from 74 countries via an email invitation. Answers were analysed using the Chi2 and Fisher's exact test (p < .05). RESULTS: The response rate to the survey was 20.69% (n = 113), including 28 fellows (24.78%). Forty-six respondents (40.71%) were female, and 67 (59.30%) were male. Dentists identified as specialists were significantly more likely to be involved in teaching dental trauma (p = .000008). A majority of respondents (87.76%; 86/98) expressed interest in obtaining fellowship, with increased interest from more recent graduates. Learning opportunities, obtaining expertise, networking and a sense of community and prestige, were key factors in considering fellowship. There was interest in alternate pathways other than examination alone, with 60.2% of 98 respondents suggesting a combination of publications /service to IADT/ reviewer for Dental Traumatology, 57.14% suggesting the submission of case reports, and 42.86% suggesting Honorary Fellowship. Respondents (73%) were willing to participate in online discussion forums and other professional development opportunities. This preference was more notable among non-fellows (75.29%) than fellows (67.85%). CONCLUSIONS: The survey indicates the diverse motivations and perceptions regarding the IADT Fellowship, despite the low participation of IADT members. Achieving fellowship status is desired by 87.7% of non-fellows. The majority of respondents were aware of the process, but main concerns were identified as eligibility criteria and examination difficulty. Options for alternate pathways and other initiatives promoting engagement were identified. Further exploration of these issues is required to be representative of the entire IADT membership. Addressing these obstacles could significantly enhance fellowship participation and overall member satisfaction within the IADT community.

14.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38686742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The knowledge of dental students about managing traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) may not be uniform, depending on global location and dental education. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge of undergraduate and postgraduate students specializing in endodontics and pediatric dentistry at 10 dental schools in 10 countries about the 2020 International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) guidelines regarding the management of TDIs. MATERIALS & METHODS: A previously published questionnaire was used in the current survey. It was an online survey with 12 questions regarding the management of TDIs and some additional questions regarding sociodemographic and professional profiles of the participants were added. The survey was distributed to final-year undergraduate students and postgraduate students in pediatric dentistry and endodontics from 10 dental schools. Simple frequency distributions and descriptive statistics were predominantly used to describe the data. Differences in the median percentage scores among the student categories were assessed using the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dwass-Steel-Critchlow-Fligner pairwise comparisons. RESULTS: A total of 347 undergraduates, 126 postgraduates in endodontics, and 72 postgraduates in pediatric dentistry from 10 dental schools participated in this survey. The postgraduates had a significantly higher percentage score for correct responses compared with the undergraduates. No significant difference was observed between the endodontic and pediatric dentistry postgraduates. CONCLUSION: The knowledge possessed by undergraduate and postgraduate students concerning the IADT-recommended management of TDIs varied across the globe and some aspects were found to be deficient. This study emphasizes the critical importance of reassessing the teaching and learning activities pertaining to the management of TDIs.

15.
Int Endod J ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38687284

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of current study is the development and optimization of biodegradable polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) to be used in the field of Endodontics as intracanal medication in cases of avulsed teeth with extended extra-oral time, utilizing PLGA polymers loaded with the anti-inflammatory drug clobetasol propionate (CP). METHODOLOGY: CP-loaded nanoparticles (CP-NPs) were prepared using the solvent displacement method. CP release profile from CP-NPs was assessed for 48 h against free CP. Using extracted human teeth, the degree of infiltration inside the dentinal tubules was studied for both CP-NPs and CP. The anti-inflammatory capacity of CP-NPs was evaluated in vitro measuring their response and reaction against inflammatory cells, in particular against macrophages. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to examine the cytokine release of IL-1ß and TNF-α. RESULTS: Optimized CP-NPs displayed an average size below 200 nm and a monomodal population. Additionally, spherical morphology and non-aggregation of CP-NPs were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Interaction studies showed that CP was encapsulated inside the NPs and no covalent bonds were formed. Moreover, CP-NPs exhibited a prolonged and steady release with only 21% of the encapsulated CP released after 48 h. Using confocal laser scanning microscopy, it was observed that CP-NPs were able to display enhanced penetration into the dentinal tubules. Neither the release of TNF-α nor IL-1ß increased in CP-NPs compared to the LPS control, displaying results similar and even less than the TCP after 48 h. Moreover, IL-1ß release in LPS-stimulated cells, decreased when macrophages were treated with CP-NPs. CONCLUSIONS: In the present work, CP-NPs were prepared, optimized and characterized displaying significant increase in the degree of infiltration inside the dentinal tubules against CP and were able to significantly reduce TNF-α release. Therefore, CP-NPs constitute a promising therapy for the treatment of avulsed teeth with extended extra-oral time.

16.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tooth autotransplantation (AT) involves the surgical relocation of a tooth from 1 site in the mouth to another site within the same patient. This approach is a good option in a growing patient when dental implant placements or fixed bridges are not suitable and when preserving natural teeth is a priority. Tooth AT is a complex procedure that requires specialized skills from a multidisciplinary team with careful patient and tooth selection and treatment planning. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors provided a review of the state of knowledge and research on tooth AT and presented a case scenario and barriers to adoption, with a focus on the United States. RESULTS: Success rates for tooth AT can vary depending on several factors, including the patient's overall health, specific tooth involved, skill of the dental surgeon, and postoperative care provided. Long-term outcomes of autotransplanted teeth have been cited in the literature with impressive longitudinal follow-up spanning up to 26 years. Results of several systematic reviews showed survival rates from 75% through 98%. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Adoption of tooth AT has grown over the years, owing to advancements in dental techniques, improved patient outcomes, and increased awareness among both dentists and patients. Increasing awareness and availability of tooth AT to replace missing teeth can provide a natural and functional alternative to traditional prosthetic options. Tooth AT helps preserve the alveolar bone in growing patients and can offer excellent esthetic and functional outcomes.

17.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459664

RESUMO

This review article describes the methods and clinical recommendations for reinforcing traumatized anterior immature teeth with pulp necrosis treated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apexification. Traumatic injury can cause pulp necrosis and incomplete root formation in immature teeth. MTA apexification is the treatment of choice for necrotic immature teeth, particularly during the middle or late stages of root development. MTA apexification has a high success rate; however, failures due to cervical or root fractures occasionally occur. The risk of fracture is higher in immature teeth with thin root dentin, particularly those with external root resorption. Furthermore, the loading force from any parafunctional habit also increases fracture risk. Therefore, intra-radicular reinforcement may be necessary after MTA apexification. In vitro, intraradicular restoration with a resin composite/core build-up material or a prefabricated fiber post demonstrated better root reinforcement than root canal obturation materials (i.e., gutta-percha and sealer). However, the root-reinforcement effect of MTA orthograde filling in the entire root canal remains unclear. In vivo, the survival of fractured teeth with intraradicular restorations (resin composite/core build-up material or prefabricated fiber posts) is extremely high. Moreover, the survival of teeth with gutta-percha/sealer obturation or MTA orthograde filling and restoration with resin composite extending into the cervical third of the root canal approximately 1-2 mm below the cemento-enamel junction is acceptably high. Based on this evidence, the remaining tooth/root structure and loading force should be carefully examined when considering intra-radicular reinforcement of immature anterior teeth treated with MTA apexification.

18.
Dent Traumatol ; 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Mouthguards are crucial for protecting athletes against orofacial injuries, yet concerns persist regarding their potential impact on oral functions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of sports mouthguards on oral functions and speech over time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty national rugby players received custom-fitted mouthguards. Questionnaire responses and speech recordings were collected before mouthguard use and at various intervals after using mouthguards: immediately, 1 week, 2 month, and 6 months. Spectrographic analysis was performed to measure voice onset time (VOT) for /p, b, t, d/ phonemes. Questionnaire responses were assessed with Friedman's test, while VOT changes were examined using one-way repeated measure analysis of variance. RESULTS: Compliance with mouthguard use improved during training and competitions, with consistent wear reported during matches. Over time, speaking difficulties and lisping decreased significantly (p < .001). The perception of nausea improved (p < .001), stabilizing after 1 month (p = .414). Sensations of bulkiness declined (p < .001). Mouth dryness reduced steadily, with no occurrences reported by all players by the end of the study. None of the participants reported bad breath, ulcers, or redness in the mouth. VOT changed immediately after wearing mouthguards (p < .001), gradually regressing toward the baseline, although not completely reaching it. Players held a favorable view of mouthguard use, with comfort and support for mandatory use increasing over time. CONCLUSIONS: Custom-fitted mouthguards do not lead to significant long-term disruptions in oral functions. Athletes generally adapt to mouthguard use, reporting improved comfort and greater support for their use.

19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 187, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430349

RESUMO

AIM: The present retrospective cohort study aimed to evaluate luxated permanent teeth for pulp prognosis and risk factors. METHODOLOGY: Case records and radiographs of 224 patients, involving 427 luxated permanent teeth, referred for treatment at the Dental Trauma Center-School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, (DTC-SD-UFMG) from 2014 to 2022, were assessed for pulp prognosis classified as vitality, necrosis and pulp canal obliteration (PCO). A competing risk survival analysis estimated the hazards of the three outcomes, and the effect of demographic, clinical and treatment variables was tested using a cause specific Cox regression model. RESULTS: Pulp vitality was found in163 teeth (38.2%), pulp necrosis in 120 teeth (28.1%) and 55 teeth (12.9%) developed PCO. Pulp vitality decreased in the presence of concomitant crown fractures (HR 0.38 95% CI [0.2-0.8] p = 0.006). The risk of pulp necrosis (HR 0.62 95% CI [0.4-0.96] p = 0.03) was lower in cases with open apices but increased with concomitant crown fractures (HR 4.0 95% CI [2.6-6.1] p = 0.001) and intrusions (HR 2.3 95% CI [1.2-4.1] p = 0.007). Lateral or extrusive luxations (HR 3.0 95% CI [1.3-6.9] p = 0.001) and open apices (HR 2.4 95% CI [1.2-4.7] p = 0.01) showed higher rates of PCO. CONCLUSION: Type of luxation, the diameter of the apical foramen, and the presence of concomitant crown fractures were main determinants of pulp prognosis after luxation injuries in permanent teeth. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Pulp prognosis after tooth luxation is dependent on the presence and direction of tooth displacement together with infection control. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Not applicable.


Assuntos
Avulsão Dentária , Fraturas dos Dentes , Humanos , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Polpa Dentária , Avulsão Dentária/complicações , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco
20.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(2): 19-25, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548629

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the impact of storage conditions for crown fragments (specifically, whether they were stored within a tooth rescue box or in tap water) on their adhesion to fractured teeth when subjected to two different adhesive systems (namely, total etch and self etch). Sixty maxillary premolars were sectioned to obtain tooth fragments. These fragments were stored briefly (2 hours) and reattached in the following groups: Group 1 (fragments stored in tooth rescue box and reattached with etch and rinse (E&R) technique), Group 2 (fragments stored in tap water and reattached with E&R technique), Group 3 (fragments stored in tooth rescue box and reattached with self-etch (SE) technique), and Group 4 (fragments stored in tap water and reattached SE technique). After reattachment, the bonded tooth fragments underwent thermal cycling (500 cycles, 5-55 °C) and bond strength testing using a universal testing machine. Two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's tests were used for bond strength comparison (p ≤ 0.05). A two-parameter Weibull distribution was conducted to evaluate the reliability of the storage medium and adhesion modality on bond strength. The results showed that measured shear bond values (MPa ± Standard deviation (SD); arranged in descending order) for each group were: Group 2 (Tap water/E&R = 6.5 ± 2.1), Group 1 (Rescue box/E&R = 6.0 ± 2.5), Group 4 (Tap water/E&R = 5.1 ± 2.8), and Group 3 (Rescue box/SE = 3.6 ± 3.2). Significant differences were found only between Groups 2 and 3 (p = 0.002). In conclusion, storing crown fragments in a tooth rescue box did not significantly affect the shear bond strength of the restored tooth. However, fragments reattached using the self-etch technique showed comparable shear bond strength but a higher rate of adhesive failures compared to the E&R technique.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Fraturas dos Dentes , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Água/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos de Resina/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Adesivos Dentinários/farmacologia , Dentina
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