Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.268
Filtrar
1.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58441, Jan.-Jun. 2024.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550242

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A gestação configura-se como um acontecimento único e memorável para a vida de uma mulher. A gravidez de alto risco é uma experiência estressante em razão dos riscos a que estão submetidos a mãe e o bebê e devido às mudanças que afetam negativamente o seu equilíbrio emocional. Objetivo: Identificar os sentimentos vivenciados pela gestante frente à gravidez de alto risco. Método: Descritivo e exploratório com abordagem qualitativa, com amostra por conveniência composta por mulheres com gestação de alto risco, selecionadas de acordo com a disponibilidade do serviço de internamento, até a saturação das entrevistas. A coleta dos dados foi realizada em um período de dois meses através de entrevistas guiadas por um roteiro. Os dados foram analisados por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo segundo Minayo. Resultados: Fizeram parte 37 mulheres. Os resultados foram oeganizados nas categorias: Como se deu o diagnóstico de alto risco; Sentimentos ao descobrir que a gestação é/era de risco; Sentimentos em relação ao apoio familiar acerca da gestação de alto risco. Os sentimentos relatados pelas gestantes e puérperas que conviveram com a gravidez de alto risco, deixam evidentes os impactos que este evento traz não somente na saúde física sobretudo para a emocional, deixando as gestantes fragilizadas. Conclusão: Assim, o estudo nos permitiu perceber que os sentimentos vivenciados nesse processo podem interfir na vida dessas mulheres, e de forma negativa. Mas, que apesar dessa situação, estas expressam sentimentos ambíguos, pois mesmo com o risco gestacional, muitas mostram-se felizes pela dádiva de ser mãe.


Resumen Introducción: El embarazo se considera un evento único y memorable en la vida de una mujer. El embarazo de alto riesgo es una experiencia estresante debido a los riesgos a los que están expuestas tanto la madre como su bebé y a los cambios que afectan negativamente su equilibrio emocional. Objetivo: Identificar los sentimientos experimentados por las mujeres embarazadas frente a un embarazo de alto riesgo. Metodología: Descriptivo y exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, con una muestra a conveniencia compuesta por mujeres con embarazos de alto riesgo, seleccionadas según la disponibilidad del servicio de hospitalización, hasta la saturación de las entrevistas. La recopilación de datos se llevó a cabo durante un período de dos meses a través de entrevistas guiadas. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando la técnica de análisis de contenido según Minayo. Resultados: Participaron 37 mujeres y los resultados se organizaron en las siguientes categorías: cómo se realizó el diagnóstico de alto riesgo; sentimientos al descubrir que el embarazo era de riesgo; sentimientos con respecto al apoyo familiar en relación con el embarazo de alto riesgo. Los sentimientos relatados por las mujeres embarazadas y posparto que vivieron un embarazo de alto riesgo evidencian los impactos que tiene este evento no solo en la salud física sino, especialmente, en el bienestar emocional, pues deja a las mujeres embarazadas en un estado de vulnerabilidad. Conclusión: El estudio nos permitió darnos cuenta de que los sentimientos experimentados en este proceso pueden interferir en la vida de estas mujeres de manera negativa. Sin embargo, a pesar de esta situación, muchas de ellas expresan sentimientos ambiguos, porque, incluso con el riesgo gestacional, están agradecidas por el regalo de la maternidad.


Abstract Introduction: Pregnancy is considered a unique and memorable event in a woman's life. High-risk pregnancy is a stressful experience due to the risks to which the mother and the baby are exposed, and due to the changes that negatively affect their emotional balance. Objective: To identify the feelings experienced by pregnant women facing high-risk pregnancy. Method: Descriptive and exploratory, employing a qualitative approach, the study featured a convenience sample of women with high-risk pregnancies, selected based on inpatient service availability, until interview saturation was achieved. Data collection was conducted over a two-month period through scripted interviews. Data analysis was performed utilizing Minayo's content analysis technique. Results: Thirty-seven women participated in the study. The results were categorized as follows: How the high-risk diagnosis was determined; Feelings upon discovering the pregnancy was high-risk; Feelings regarding family support regarding the high-risk pregnancy. The feelings reported by pregnant and postpartum women who experienced high-risk pregnancies clearly reveal the impacts this event has, not only on physical health, but especially on emotional well-being, leaving the pregnant women in a vulnerable state. Conclusion: The study allowed us to realize that the feelings experienced in this process can negatively interfere in the lives of these women. However, despite this situation, many of them express mixed feelings, because even with the gestational risk, they are grateful for the gift of motherhood.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Saúde da Mulher , Gravidez de Alto Risco/psicologia
2.
Med. clín. soc ; 8(1)abr. 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550529

RESUMO

Introducción: La sífilis en embarazadas, sigue siendo un gran problema de salud pública en todo el mundo, y en Paraguay, no es la excepción. La sífilis congénita puede provocar abortos, muertes fetales y neonatales, peso bajo al nacer, prematuridad y otras anomalías congénitas, el conocimiento general de la población en edad fértil es fundamental. Objetivo: Analizar los conocimientos y prácticas sobre sífilis materna y sífilis congénita en adolescentes embarazadas en un Hospital General de Paraguay. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, fenomenológico descriptivo. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó la entrevista, simple que fue grabada con previa autorización del participante, la conclusión y recomendación serán entregados a la institución y a las adolescentes embarazadas. Resultados: Participaron diez adolescentes, en su mayoría de 19 años de edad, cinco conocen que la sífilis se transmite a través de las relaciones sexuales, sin embargo, desconocen acerca de cómo se transmite la sífilis congénita. Cinco de las adolescentes menciona haber iniciado las relaciones sexuales a los 16 años. Dos adolescentes a los 15 años, dos a los 14 años y una a los 17 años, nueve de las adolescentes embarazadas mencionan acudir a sus controles prenatales de forma periódica. Dos aún no se han realizado el test de VDRL. Discusión: Se concluye en cuanto al conocimiento, que solo cinco de diez adolescentes conocen acerca de la sífilis, sin embargo, no conocen sobre la sífilis congénita. En cuanto a las prácticas preventivas, 10 acuden de forma periódica a sus controles prenatales.


Introduction: Syphilis in pregnant women continues to be a major public health problem throughout the world, and in Paraguay, it is no exception. Congenital syphilis can cause abortions, fetal and neonatal deaths, low birth weight, prematurity, and other congenital anomalies; general knowledge of the population of childbearing age is essential. Objective: To analyze the knowledge and practices about maternal syphilis and congenital syphilis in pregnant adolescents in a General Hospital in Paraguay. Methodology: A qualitative, descriptive phenomenological study was carried out. A simple interview was used to collect data, which was recorded with prior authorization from the participant. The conclusion and recommendation will be delivered to the institution and to the pregnant adolescents. Results: Ten adolescents participated, mostly 19 years of age, five know that syphilis is transmitted through sexual relations, however, they do not know how congenital syphilis is transmitted. Five of the adolescent's mention having started sexual relations at the age of 16. Two adolescents at 15 years old, two at 14 years old and one at 17 years old, nine of the pregnant adolescent's mention attending their prenatal check-ups periodically. Two have not yet been tested for VDRL. Discussion: It is concluded in terms of knowledge that only five out of ten adolescents know about syphilis; however, they do not know about congenital syphilis. Regarding preventive practices, 10 attend their prenatal check-ups periodically.

3.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(7): 321-327, abril 2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232079

RESUMO

Introduction and objectives: The prevalence of gestational diabetes is increasing, and the Mediterranean diet is highly recommended for health. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Materials and methodsIn this cross-sectional study the presence of GDM is the dependent variable, and socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics and adherence to the Mediterranean diet are the independent variables in this study, which was carried out in pregnant women who were 24–28 weeks pregnant and had Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated with the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scale (MEDAS). Data were collected through face-to-face interviews, weight and height measurements of the pregnant women were made, and the diagnosis of GDM was made with OGTT.ResultsTwo hundred and seven pregnant women participated in the study and 85 of them (41.1%) were diagnosed as GDM. According to Logistic Regression models, age (OR: 1.088, 95% CI: 1.031–1.149) and infertility treatment (OR: 4.570, 95% CI: 1.443–14.474) significantly increased the occurrence of GDM, while adherence to the Mediterranean diet (OR: 0.683, 95% CI: 0.568–0.820) significantly reduced the risk.ConclusionsNearly two-fifths of pregnant women were diagnosed with GDM while only one-fourth complied with a Mediterranean diet. The increase in the frequency of GDM should be carefully monitored. It may be useful to detect risky pregnant women at the time of the first diagnosis, to measure their glucose levels, and to give suggestions about the Mediterranean diet in the early period. (AU)


Introducción y objetivos: La prevalencia de diabetes gestacional está aumentando y la dieta mediterránea es muy recomendable para la salud. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la relación entre la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea y la diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG).Materiales y métodosEn este estudio transversal la presencia de DMG es la variable dependiente, y las características sociodemográficas y antropométricas y la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea son las variables independientes de este estudio, que se llevó a cabo en mujeres embarazadas de 24-28semanas de gestación a las que se les realizó el Test de Tolerancia Oral a la Glucosa (TTOG). La adherencia a la dieta mediterránea se evaluó con la Escala de Adherencia a la Dieta Mediterránea (Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scale [MEDAS]). Los datos se recogieron mediante entrevistas cara a cara, se midió el peso y la talla de las embarazadas y se diagnosticó la DMG con el TTOG.ResultadosUn total de 207 embarazadas participaron en el estudio, y 85 de ellas (41,1%) fueron diagnosticadas de DMG. Según los modelos de regresión logística, la edad (OR: 1,088; IC95%: 1,031-1,149) y el tratamiento de la infertilidad (OR: 4,570; IC95%: 1,443-14,474) aumentaron significativamente la aparición de DMG, mientras que la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea (OR: 0,683; IC95%: 0,568-0,820) redujo significativamente el riesgo.ConclusionesCasi dos quintas partes de las embarazadas fueron diagnosticadas de DMG, mientras que solo una cuarta parte cumplían con la dieta mediterránea. Debe vigilarse atentamente el aumento de la frecuencia de la DMG. Puede ser útil detectar a las embarazadas de riesgo en el momento del primer diagnóstico, medir sus niveles de glucosa y dar sugerencias sobre la dieta mediterránea en el periodo inicial. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Glucose , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Dieta , Gravidez , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose
4.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 100(4): 268-274, abril 2024. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232097

RESUMO

Durante el embarazo, los cambios fisiológicos en la respuesta inmunitaria favorecen que las gestantes sean más susceptibles a infecciones graves, tanto para ellas como para el feto, el recién nacido y el lactante. Todas las mujeres deberían entrar en el período reproductivo con su calendario vacunal correctamente cumplimentado, sobre todo en lo que respecta a enfermedades como tétanos, hepatitisB, sarampión, rubeola y varicela. Además de las vacunas recomendadas, en situaciones de riesgo las vacunas inactivadas podrían ser administradas en aquellas mujeres que no estuvieran correctamente inmunizadas con anterioridad, mientras que las atenuadas están contraindicadas.A pesar de que la vacunación durante el embarazo es una medida preventiva muy importante, y de las recomendaciones de autoridades sanitarias, sociedades científicas y profesionales sanitarios, las coberturas vacunales son claramente mejorables, especialmente en lo que respecta a gripe y COVID-19, por lo que todo profesional sanitario que atienda a la embarazada debe ser proactivo en aconsejarlas.La Asociación Española de Pediatría (AEP), a través de su Comité Asesor de Vacunas (CAV), y la Sociedad Española de Ginecología y Obstetricia (SEGO) recomiendan las siguientes vacunaciones durante la gestación: frente a gripe y COVID-19, en cualquier trimestre del embarazo, y durante el puerperio (hasta los 6meses) en aquellas que no hubieran sido vacunadas durante la gestación; frente a tosferina con Tdpa, entre las 27 y 36 semanas de gestación (el CAV-AEP da preferencia entre las 27 y 28 semanas); y frente al VRS con RSVPreF, entre las 24 y 36 semanas de gestación, de preferencia entre las 32 y 36 semanas. (AU)


During pregnancy, physiological changes in the immune response make pregnant women more susceptible to serious infection, increasing the risk for the mother as well as the foetus, newborn and infant. All women should be correctly and fully vaccinated as they enter their reproductive years, especially against diseases such as tetanus, hepatitisB, measles, rubella and varicella. In addition to the recommended vaccines, in risk situations, inactivated vaccines could be administered to women who were not correctly vaccinated before, while attenuated vaccines are contraindicated.Despite the fact that vaccination during pregnancy is a very important preventive measure and the existing recommendations from public health authorities, scientific societies and health professionals, the vaccination coverage could clearly be improved, especially against influenza and SARS-CoV-2, so any health professional involved in the care of pregnant women should proactively recommend these vaccines.The Spanish Association of Pediatrics (AEP), through its Advisory Committee on Vaccines (CAV), and the Spanish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (SEGO) recommend vaccination against the following diseases during pregnancy: against influenza and COVID-19, in any trimester of pregnancy and during the postpartum period (up to 6months post birth) in women not vaccinated during pregnancy; against pertussis, with the Tdap vaccine, between weeks 27 and 36 of gestation (in the CAV-AEP recommendations, preferably between weeks 27 and 28); and against RSV, with RSVPreF, between weeks 24 and 36 of gestation, preferably between weeks 32 and 36. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Gravidez , Vacinação , Coqueluche , Influenza Humana , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave
5.
Aten Primaria ; 56(8): 102932, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This research aims to develop a nursing assessment tool, based on Gordon's Health Functional Patterns, through a content validation by a committee of experts, applying a Delphi technique. DESIGN: An assessment instrument with 53 items has been designed. SITE: It is carried out within the framework of a doctoral thesis, for its implementation by midwives of Primary Health Care. PARTICIPANTS: The committee was made up of 16 professionals with a hide clinical, teaching and research experience who all participated in the entire validation process. INTERVENTION: It has been assessed as a whole and in each of the items through four rounds of consultations, establishing a positive assessment of more than 60% to accept each item, as well as incorporating the suggestions provided by the committee. The final version had to reach a unanimous consensus. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: All items were accepted with a score higher than 60%. RESULTS: There were no contradictions between the inputs provided by the experts, so all of them were integrated into the final version that has a 100% approval by the committee. CONCLUSION: After this process, a new assessment tool is presented to be applied by primary care midwives in the pregnancy monitoring. The questionnaire has been piloted with 50 pregnant women, determining the most prevalent nursing diagnoses, establishing the workload for the midwife of her implementation of individualized care plans to improve some health indicators of pregnant women.

6.
Gac Sanit ; 38: 102386, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether advanced maternal age (≥40 years) is linked to an increased likelihood of low or high birth weight among native and foreign-born mothers giving birth in Spain. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a novel database provided by the Spanish National Statistics Office which links the 2011 Census with information on individual births (2011-2015) from the Vital Statistics (Natural Movement of the Population). First, multinomial logistic regression models were used to estimate the potential association between maternal age and the likelihood of having a baby with low or high birth weight. Second, average adjusted predictions of giving birth to children with low, high, and adequate weight for the origin and the maternal age at birth were also calculated. RESULTS: Findings indicate that women with advanced maternal age showed an increased probability of giving birth to low birth weight infants. Conversely, mothers aged below <30 years had an elevated risk for high birth weight infants. When considering maternal migratory status, the findings were mixed. On one hand, foreign-born mothers showed a higher likelihood of delivering infants with high birth weight; on the other, they displayed a lower risk of low birth weight among newborns in comparison to Spanish natives. CONCLUSIONS: The study addresses two key aspects. First, it highlights the increased risk of low birth weight in mothers delivering at an advanced age. Second, it emphasizes the importance of accounting for maternal migratory status when investigating the association between age at birth and birth weight outcomes among immigrant mothers.

7.
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565447

RESUMO

During pregnancy, physiological changes in the immune response make pregnant women more susceptible to serious infection, increasing the risk for the mother as well as the foetus, newborn and infant. All women should be correctly and fully vaccinated as they enter their reproductive years, especially against diseases such as tetanus, hepatitis B, measles, rubella and varicella. In addition to the recommended vaccines, in risk situations, inactivated vaccines could be administered to women who were not correctly vaccinated before, while attenuated vaccines are contraindicated. Despite the fact that vaccination during pregnancy is a very important preventive measure and the existing recommendations from public health authorities, scientific societies and health professionals, the vaccination coverage could clearly be improved, especially against influenza and SARS-CoV-2, so any health professional involved in the care of pregnant women should proactively recommend these vaccines. The Spanish Association of Pediatrics (AEP), through its Advisory Committee on Vaccines, and the Spanish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (SEGO) recommend vaccination against the following diseases during pregnancy: against influenza and COVID-19, in any trimester of pregnancy and during the postpartum period (up to 6 months post birth) in women not vaccinated during pregnancy; against pertussis, with the Tdap vaccine, between weeks 27 and 36 of gestation (in the CAV-AEP recommendations, preferably between weeks 27 and 28); and against RSV, with RSVPreF, between weeks 24 and 36 of gestation, preferably between weeks 32 and 36.

8.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 56(4): [102773], Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231751

RESUMO

Diseño: Revisión sistemática. Fuentes de datos: Se consultaron las bases de datos PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Cuiden Plus, LILACS e IME. Selección de estudios: Se realizó una evaluación de la calidad de los estudios que fue revisada por dos investigadores en paralelo. Como resultado, se seleccionaron un total de cinco investigaciones primarias. Extracción de datos: Se extrajo información sobre la población seleccionada en el estudio, método anticonceptivo estudiado y las variables predictoras identificadas. Resultados: Se identificaron siete variables predictoras que explican específicamente el uso del preservativo masculino, píldora anticonceptiva o píldora anticonceptiva de emergencia. Las variables más relevantes fueron el nivel de conocimiento y las actitudes hacia el empleo de los métodos anticonceptivos, de manera que un mayor conocimiento y unas actitudes positivas incrementan la probabilidad de uso de métodos anticonceptivos. Otro resultado destacado fue la presencia de un sesgo formativo con un mayor conocimiento de las mujeres sobre las opciones anticonceptivas hormonales y actitudes más positivas. Conclusión: Los futuros programas formativos deben orientarse hacia la evaluación de cambios en el comportamiento, mediante el desarrollo de actitudes positivas hacia el uso de los métodos anticonceptivos a través de la adquisición de un conocimiento de calidad sobre las opciones contraceptivas.(AU)


Objective: To analyse predictor variables of contraceptive method use in young people. Design: Systematic review. Data sources: PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Cuiden Plus, LILACS and IME databases were consulted. Study selection: An assessment of the quality of studies was carried out by two researchers in parallel. As a result, a total of 5 primary research studies were selected. Data extraction: Information was extracted on the selected study population, contraceptive method studied and predictor variables identified. Results: Seven predictor variables were identified that specifically explain the use of the male condom, contraceptive pill or emergency contraceptive pill. The most relevant variables were the level of knowledge and attitudes towards contraceptive use, therefore high knowledge and positive attitudes increase the likelihood of contraceptive use. Another notable finding was the presence of a formative bias with womenhaving higher knowledge of hormonal contraceptive options and more positive attitudes. Conclusion: Future training programs should be oriented towards assessing behavioral changes through the development of positive attitudes towards contraceptive use by gaining knowledge of contraceptive options.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Anticoncepcionais , Gravidez na Adolescência , Gravidez , Anticoncepção/métodos
9.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556125

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common disorder in women that has a negative impact on quality of life. Pregnancy and childbirth are considered important risk factors that directly affect the pelvic floor during pregnancy and labour, increasing the risk of pelvic floor dysfunction, with prevalence rates of SUI in the postpartum period ranging from 30 to 47% during the first 12 months. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the prevention of SUI in women during the antenatal and postnatal period by reviewing and evaluating the available scientific literature. METHODS: This is a systematic review, using only randomised controlled trials. We searched the databases Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane and PEDro. We reviewed 7 prospective studies in English and Portuguese, which included 1,401 pregnant women of legal age who underwent PFMT to prevent SUI. RESULTS: The results allowed us to establish that PFMT is used for pelvic floor muscles and that this intervention, applied with the appropriate methodology, can prevent or cure SUI. CONCLUSIONS: The application of PFMT in an early stage of pregnancy has positive effects on the continence capacity after delivery.

10.
Hipertens Riesgo Vasc ; 41(2): 118-131, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508878

RESUMO

Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) remain a leading cause of pregnancy-related maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality worldwide, including chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, and pre-eclampsia. Affected women and newborns also have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease later in life, independent of traditional cardiovascular disease risks. Despite these risks, recommendations for optimal diagnosis and treatment have changed little in recent decades, probably due to fear of the foetal repercussions of decreased blood pressure and possible drug toxicity. In this document we review the diagnostic criteria and classification of (HDP), as well as important aspects regarding pathophysiology and early detection that allows early identification of women at risk, with the aim of preventing both immediate and long-term consequences. Prophylactic treatment with aspirin is also reviewed early and a therapeutic approach is carried out that involves close maternal and foetal monitoring, and if necessary, the use of safe drugs in each situation. This review aims to provide an updated vision for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of HDP that is useful in our usual clinical practice.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco
11.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr (Engl Ed) ; 71(2): 53-60, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493008

RESUMO

SUBJECT-MATTER: To assess the effect of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on gestational diabetes (GDM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, multicentre, non-interventional study carried out in Castilla-La Mancha, Spain, we compared 663 women with GDM exposed to the pandemic (pandemic group), with 622 women with GDM seen one year earlier (pre-pandemic group). The primary endpoint was a Large for Gestational Age (LGA) newborn as an indicator of poor GDM control. Secondary endpoints included obstetric and neonatal complications. RESULTS: During the pandemic, the gestational week at diagnosis (24.2 ±â€¯7.4 vs 22.9 ±â€¯7.7, p = 0.0016) and first visit to Endocrinology (26.6 ±â€¯7.2 vs 25.3 ±â€¯7.6, p = 0.0014) were earlier. Face-to-face consultations were maintained in most cases (80.3%). The new diagnostic criteria for GDM were used in only 3% of cases. However, in the pandemic group, the final HbA1c was higher (5.2 ±â€¯0.48 vs 5.29 ±â€¯0.44%, p = 0.047) and there were more LGA newborns (8.5% vs 12.8%, p = 0.015). There were no differences in perinatal complications. CONCLUSIONS: Care for GDM in our Public Health System did not significantly deteriorate during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, this did not prevent a higher number of LGA newborns.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Gestacional , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 51(1): [100925], Ene-Mar, 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229780

RESUMO

Objetivos: Evaluar si existe una mayor tasa de resultados obstétricos adversos, incontinencia urinaria posparto y problemas sexuales entre las mujeres que dan a luz después de los 50 años.Material y métodos: Estudio observacional ambispectivo de un solo centro. Se registraron la tasa de parto por cesárea, la diabetes gestacional, la preeclampsia, la restricción del crecimiento intrauterino (RCIU), la prematuridad, la incontinencia urinaria (Cuestionario de incontinencia en formato corto [ICIQ-SF]) y la disfunción sexual (índice de función sexual femenina [FSFI-6]). Resultados: Veinticinco (0,06%) de 38.510 nacimientos ocurrieron en mujeres mayores de 50 años durante el período de estudio en nuestro centro. Hubo 16 (64%) partos por cesárea. Siete (28%) mujeres padecieron diabetes gestacional. Se diagnosticó preeclampsia en 3 (12%) mujeres. Hubo 5 (20%) casos de RCIU. Hubo 5 (20%) partos prematuros. Las diferencias en la tasa de parto por cesárea, diabetes gestacional y RCIU entre el grupo de estudio y la población total fueron estadísticamente significativas. Los resultados de los cuestionarios ICIQ-SF y FSFI-6 se obtuvieron de 17 mujeres. Se encontró algún grado de incontinencia urinaria en 7 (41,1%) y disfunción sexual en 9 (52,9%) mujeres. Conclusiones: Los embarazos en mujeres mayores de 50 años parecen estar asociados con una mayor tasa de diabetes gestacional, RCIU y preeclampsia. Hay una alta prevalencia de incontinencia urinaria y problemas sexuales entre estas mujeres.(AU)


Objectives: To assess whether there is a higher rate of adverse obstetric outcomes, postpartum urinary incontinence, and sexual problems among women who give birth over 50. Material and methods: A single-center ambispective observational study. Rate of cesarean birth, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), prematurity, urinary incontinence (Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form [ICIQ-SF]), and sexual dysfunction (Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI-6]) were recorded. Results: Twenty-five (0.06%) of 38,510 births occurred in women over 50 during the study period. There were 16 (64%) cesarean births. Seven (28%) women had gestational diabetes. Preeclampsia was diagnosed in 3 (12%) women. There were 5 (20%) cases of IUGR. There were 5 (20%) preterm births. The differences in the rate of cesarean birth, gestational diabetes, and IUGR between the study group and the total population were statistically significant. The results of the ICIQ-SF and FSFI-6 questionnaires were obtained from 17 women. Some degree of urinary incontinence was found in 7 (41.1%) and sexual dysfunction in 9 (52.9%) women. Conclusions: Pregnancies in women over 50 may be associated with a higher rate of gestational diabetes, IUGR, and preeclampsia. There is a high prevalence of urinary incontinence and sexual problems among these women.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Incontinência Urinária , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Diabetes Gestacional , Menopausa , Ginecologia , Obstetrícia , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Período Pós-Parto , Coito , Assexualidade , Complicações na Gravidez
14.
SEMERGEN, Soc. Esp. Med. Rural Gen. (Ed. Impr.) ; 50(1): [e102089], ene.- feb. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229441

RESUMO

El embarazo es uno de los momentos más importantes y difíciles por los que transcurre una mujer a lo largo de su vida. Supone un periodo de grandes necesidades de macro y micronutrientes para satisfacer las demandas del feto en desarrollo y evitar carencias, para así obtener el mejor resultado posible. Hoy en día, la mayoría de mujeres embarazadas o planeando estarlo conocen la importancia de obtener la cantidad requerida de ciertos tipos de nutrientes (proteínas, grasas, folato, etc.), así como evitar ciertos compuestos (alcohol, tabaco, fármacos, etc.) para evitar posibles complicaciones durante el embarazo. En los últimos años, con la mayor evidencia científica disponible, se ha ido demostrando como algunos de estos nutrientes podrían tener un papel más relevante del que se creía en el resultado óptimo del embarazo, siendo uno de estos nutrientes la colina. La suplementación con colina durante el embarazo ha demostrado ser un tratamiento no farmacológico capaz de mejorar cualidades tanto físicas (crecimiento) como mentales (memoria) del nuevo individuo. La colina se conoce como un nutriente esencial desde 1998 y varios estudios han demostrado su efectividad en modelos de roedores. La existencia de recientes publicaciones que versan sobre su aplicación en humanos hace necesaria la realización de una revisión sistemática. En esta revisión sistemática de la evidencia científica disponible desde el año 2012 hasta la actualidad que versa sobre la aplicación de un mayor consumo de colina mediante suplementación como tratamiento para mejorar los resultados del embarazo, su objetivo principal es determinar los efectos que puede tener en la cognición de los niños una intervención nutricional mediante suplementación de colina en madres embarazadas (AU)


Pregnancy is one of the most important and difficult moments that a woman goes through throughout her life. It is a period of great need for macro and micronutrients to meet the demands of the developing fetus and avoid deficiencies, in order to obtain the best possible result. Nowadays, most women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant know the importance of getting the required amount of certain types of nutrients (proteins, fats, folate, etc.), as well as avoiding certain compounds (alcohol, tobacco, drugs, etc.) to avoid possible complications during pregnancy. In recent years, with the greatest scientific evidence available, it has been shown how some of these nutrients could have a more relevant role than previously believed in the optimal outcome of pregnancy. One of these nutrients being choline. Choline supplementation during pregnancy has been shown to be a non-pharmacological treatment capable of improving both physical (growth) and mental (memory) qualities of the new individual. Choline has been known as an essential nutrient since 1998 and several studies have shown its effectiveness in rodent models. The existence of recent publications that deal with its application in humans makes it necessary to carry out a systematic review. In this systematic review of the scientific evidence available from 2012 to the present that deals with the application of a higher intake of choline through supplementation as a treatment to improve pregnancy outcomes, its main objetive is to determine the effects that a nutritional intervention through choline supplementation in pregnant mothers can have on children's cognition (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Suplementos Nutricionais , Colina/administração & dosagem , Lipotrópicos/administração & dosagem
15.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 34(1): 23-33, Ene-Feb, 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229654

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre edad, paridad, nacionalidad, estudios, empleo y apoyo de la pareja con la depresión y ansiedad durante el embarazo. Determinar el impacto de la evolución de la pandemia COVID-19 en los niveles de ansiedad y depresión de las participantes. Método: Estudio descriptivo correlacional transversal realizado en el Osakidetza/Servicio Vasco de Salud, Atención primaria, Bizkaia (España). Participaron 295 gestantes entre ocho y 41 semanas. Se midió la asociación entre edad, paridad, nacionalidad, nivel de estudios, empleo, apoyo de la pareja y tasas de incidencia de COVID-19 durante el periodo del estudio y las puntuaciones de depresión (medido con la Escala de Depresión Posnatal de Edimburgo) y de ansiedad (medido con la subescala de ansiedad estado-rasgo del State-Anxiety Inventory [STAI-S]) durante el embarazo. Se construyó un modelo de regresión logística y se estimaron las odds ratios (OR) y sus intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC 95%). Resultados: La puntuación media en ansiedad fue de 18,75 puntos (DE = 8,69) y en depresión 6,45 puntos (DE = 4,32). Las mujeres que esperaban su segundo hijo o más obtuvieron puntuaciones más altas en depresión (OR 2,51 [IC 95%: 1,26-5,01]) y ansiedad (OR 1,98 [IC 95%: 1,01-3,89]). Haber cursado estudios universitarios se asocia con puntuaciones más bajas en depresión (OR 0,28 [IC 95%: 0,11-0,77]) y ansiedad (OR 0,2 [IC 95%:0,08-0,54]). Una buena calidad en la relación de pareja se asocia con menores niveles de ansiedad (OR 0,45 [IC 95%: 0,24-0,81). La puntuación media en ansiedad y depresión se relacionan con la incidencia de casos COVID-19; la puntuación en ansiedad fue significativamente más alta en los periodos de mayor incidencia. Conclusiones: Mayor atención emocional a las gestantes con bajo nivel de estudios, multíparas y con un débil apoyo de su pareja, permitiría reducir la ansiedad y depresión en el embarazo. Situaciones de emergencia sanitaria afectan a la salud mental durante la ges...(AU)


Objective: To assess the association between age, parity, nationality, educational level, employment and partner support with depression and anxiety during pregnancy. To determine the impact of the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic on the anxiety and depression levels of the participants. Method: Cross-sectional descriptive correlational study carried out in the Osakidetza/Basque Health Service, Primary Care, Bizkaia (Spain). A total of 295 pregnant women between 8 and 41 weeks participated. The association between age, parity, nationality, educational level, employment, partner support and COVID-19 incidence rates during the study period and depression (measured with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) and anxiety (measured with the State-Anxiety Inventory/STAI-S subscale) scores during pregnancy was measured. A logistic regression model was constructed and odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Results: The mean score was 18.75 points for anxiety (SD 8.69) and 6.45 points for depression (SD 4.32). Women expecting their second or later child had higher scores for depression (OR 2.51 [95%IC: 1.26-5.01]) and anxiety (OR 1.98 [95%IC: 1.01-3.89]). Having completed university studies was associated with lower scores in depression (OR 0.28 [95%IC: 0.11-0.77]) and in anxiety (OR 0,2 [95%IC: 0.08-0.54]). A good relationship with the partner was associated with lower levels of anxiety (OR 0.45 [95%IC: 0.24-0.81]). The mean anxiety and depression scores are related to the incidence of COVID-19 cases; the anxiety score was significantly higher in periods of higher incidence. Conclusions: Greater emotional care for pregnant women with low educational level, multiparous and with weak support from their partner, would reduce anxiety and depression in pregnancy. Health emergency situations affect mental health during gestation.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , /complicações , Ansiedade , Depressão , /epidemiologia , Enfermagem , /enfermagem , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Espanha
16.
Med. U.P.B ; 43(1): 56-64, ene.-jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1531501

RESUMO

Objetivo: la ferritina es importante en el almacenamiento de hierro intracelular, en una forma soluble no tóxica. Sus niveles en la gestación se la relacionan con la salud de la madre y con su descendencia. El objetivo es escribir los niveles séricos de ferritina y prevalencia de déficit de ferritina, así como los factores sociodemográficos asociados en gestantes de Colombia. Metodología: estudio transversal; análisis secundario de la Encuesta de Situación Nutricional de Colombia, 2015. Se evaluaron en 1.234 embarazadas con edades entre 12 y 48 años: sus características sociodemográficas y antropométricas, la distribución de los niveles séricos y la prevalencia de déficit de ferritina. Para estimar la asociación entre las diferentes variables sociodemográficas y los niveles séricos, o la prevalencia de déficit de ferritina, se utilizaron modelos de regresión multivariables. Resultados: la prevalencia de deficiencia de ferritina fue de 44.5 % (IC 95 % 40.1 % a 49.0 %), los niveles séricos de ferritina oscilaron entre 4 µg/L y 295,7 µg/L, con un promedio de 29.3 µg/L (IC 95 % 26,5 µg/L-32.2 µg/L). Las gestantes del segundo (OR (OR 2.19 IC 95 % 1.50 a 3.19) y tercer trimestre (OR 3.84 IC 95 % 2.68 a 5.50), aquellas que residen en la región Atlántica (OR 2.18 IC 95 % 1.25 a 3.82) y en la región Orinoquia (OR 2.41 IC 95 %1.19 a 4.88), mostraron asociación con el déficit de ferritina. Conclusión: se halló alta prevalencia en el déficit de ferritina en gestantes colombianas.


Introduction: Ferritin is important in the storage of intracellular iron, in a non-toxic soluble form. Its levels during pregnancy are related to the health of the mother and her offspring. Objective: To describe the serum ferritin levels and the prevalence of ferritin deficiency, and the associated sociodemographic factors in pregnant women in Colombia. Methodology: Cross-sectional study; secondary analysis of the Nutritional Situation Survey of Colombia, 2015. The following were evaluated in 1,234 pregnant women aged between 12 and 48 years: their sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, the distribution of serum levels, and the prevalence of ferritin deficiency. To estimate the association between the different sociodemographic variables and serum levels, or the prevalence of ferritin deficiency, multivariate regression models were used. Results: The prevalence of ferritin deficiency was 44.5% (95% CI 40.1% to 49.0%), serum ferritin levels ranged from 4 µg/L to 295.7 µg/L, with a average of 29.3 µg/L (95% CI 26.5 µg/L - 32.2 µg/L). Pregnant women in the second (OR (OR 2.19 95% CI 1.50 to 3.19) and third trimester (OR 3.84 95% CI 2.68 to 5.50), those residing in the Atlantic region ( OR 2.18 95% CI 1.25 to 3.82) and in the Orinoquia region (OR 2.41 95% CI 1.19 to 4.88), showed an association with ferritin deficiency. Conclusion: A high prevalence of ferritin deficiency was found in Colombian pregnant women.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez
17.
Med. U.P.B ; 43(1): 65-74, ene.-jun. 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1531505

RESUMO

Durante el embarazo la mujer experimenta muchos cambios, no solo físicos, también mentales, por eso la salud mental perinatal es de gran importancia en esta etapa. La mayoría de las mujeres en embarazo que desarrollan alguna enfermedad mental durante la gestación, como depresión o ansiedad, no son diagnosticadas, lo que puede generar efectos adversos para la madre y el bebé. En ese sentido, es de gran importancia el tamizaje, diagnóstico, manejo y seguimiento de este grupo. Gracias a los avances tecnológicos podemos contar con las tecnologías de la Información y la comunicación (TIC) para buscar maneras cómo aproximarse a las mujeres en etapa perinatal para el tamizaje y hacer el seguimiento de su salud mental. Así que este artículo de revisión se enfoca en ver su aceptabilidad, la percepción, las barreras al acceso y nuevos desarrollos enfocados en mejorar la salud mental en las mujeres en etapa perinatal.


During pregnancy, a woman experiences many changes, not only physical, but also mental, which is why perinatal mental health is of great importance at this stage. The majority of pregnant women who develop a mental illness during pregnancy, such as depression or anxiety, are not diagnosed, which can cause adverse effects for the mother and baby. In this sense, the screening, diagnosis, management and follow-up of this group is of great importance. Thanks to technological advances, we can count on the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to find ways to approach women in the perinatal stage for screening and monitoring their mental health. So this review article focuses on seeing its acceptability, perception, barriers to access and new developments focused on improving mental health in perinatal women.


Durante el embarazo la mujer experimenta muchos cambios, no solo físicos, también mentales, por eso la salud mental perinatal es de gran importancia en esta etapa. La mayoría de las mujeres en embarazo que desarrollan alguna enfermedad mental durante la gestación, como depresión o ansiedad, no son diagnosticadas, lo que puede generar efectos adversos para la madre y el bebé. En ese sentido, es de gran importancia el tamizaje, diagnóstico, manejo y seguimiento de este grupo. Gracias a los avances tecnológicos podemos contar con las tecnologías de la Información y la comunicación (TIC) para buscar maneras cómo aproximarse a las mujeres en etapa perinatal para el tamizaje y hacer el seguimiento de su salud mental. Así que este artículo de revisión se enfoca en ver su aceptabilidad, la percepción, las barreras al acceso y nuevos desarrollos enfocados en mejorar la salud mental en las mujeres en etapa perinatal.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez
18.
Rev. Baiana Saúde Pública (Online) ; 47(4): 11-21, 20240131.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537624

RESUMO

A pandemia do novo coronavírus (covid-19) é um grave problema de saúde pública. Adicionalmente, a hiperglicemia na gestação (diabetes preexistente, diabetes diagnosticado pela primeira vez na gestação e diabetes mellitus gestacional) é uma das complicações maternas mais frequentes na população obstétrica. A sobreposição desses problemas pode refletir na saúde materna e fetal. Desse modo, o objetivo deste estudo é reunir evidências acerca da saúde materna de mulheres com hiperglicemia na gestação durante a pandemia de covid-19 no Brasil. Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa, em que a fonte de dados compreendeu artigos publicados até maio de 2023 nas bases de dados Medline, via PubMed, Lilacs e WHO COVID-19 Research Database. Foram listados 167 artigos e, após a aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, cinco estudos foram incluídos, compreendendo 1.469 gestantes e puérperas com diabetes mellitus gestacional ou diabetes preexistente. Quanto à saúde materna, os principais desfechos foram relacionados à infecção por covid-19, como gravidade da doença e risco de morte. Além disso, foi observada maior prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns, como ansiedade e depressão. Portanto, a saúde materna de mulheres com hiperglicemia na gestação foi impactada negativamente durante a pandemia de covid-19 no país.


The new coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a major public health issue. Hyperglycemia during pregnancy (pre-existing diabetes, diabetes first diagnosed in pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus) is a frequent maternal complication in the obstetric population. Their overlap may impact maternal and fetal health. Thus, this narrative review gathered evidence on the maternal health of women with gestational hyperglycemia during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Articles published until May 2023 in the Medline (via PubMed), Lilacs and WHO COVID-19 Research Database online databases were eligible. Bibliographic search retrieved a total of 167 articles, of which five remained after applying the inclusion criteria, resulting in a sample of 1,469 pregnant and postpartum women with gestational diabetes or pre-existing diabetes. Regarding maternal health, the main outcomes were related to COVID-19 infection, such as disease severity and risk of death. Additionally, results showed a higher prevalence of common mental disorders such as anxiety and depression. In conclusion, the maternal health of women with gestational hyperglycemia was negatively impacted during the COVID-19 pandemic.


La pandemia del nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19) es un grave problema de salud pública. Además, la hiperglucemia durante el embarazo (diabetes preexistente, diabetes diagnosticada por primera vez durante el embarazo y diabetes mellitus gestacional) es una de las complicaciones maternas más frecuentes en la población obstétrica. La superposición de estos problemas puede afectar la salud materna y fetal. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio es recopilar evidencia sobre la salud materna de las mujeres con hiperglucemia en el embarazo durante la pandemia de la COVID-19 en Brasil. Se trata de una revisión narrativa, y la fuente de datos comprendió artículos publicados hasta mayo de 2023 en las bases de datos MEDLINE vía PubMed, LILACS y WHO COVID-19 Research Database. Se enumeró un total de 167 artículos y, después de aplicar los criterios de elegibilidad, se incluyeron cinco estudios con 1.469 mujeres embarazadas y puérperas con diabetes gestacional o diabetes preexistente. En cuanto a la salud materna, los principales resultados se relacionaron con el contagio por COVID-19, como la gravedad de la enfermedad y el riesgo de muerte. Además, se observó una mayor prevalencia de trastornos mentales comunes, como la ansiedad y la depresión. Por lo tanto, la salud materna de las mujeres con hiperglucemia durante el embarazo se ha visto afectada negativamente durante la pandemia de la COVID-19 en Brasil.

19.
Rev. Baiana Saúde Pública (Online) ; 47(4): 284-293, 20240131.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537859

RESUMO

Este relato apresenta a experiência do acompanhamento do pré-natal durante a pandemia em uma Unidade de Saúde da Família (USF), campo prático no desenvolvimento das funções laborais dos alunos/residentes num município do estado da Bahia. Quanto ao método, é um relato de experiência que utiliza a técnica da observação para descrição dessas vivências no período entre março/2020 e março/2021. O relato evidencia o desempenho do acompanhamento do pré-natal durante o período supracitado, e as modificações frequentes perante as recomendações sanitárias acerca da institucionalização de fluxogramas e protocolos clínicos para uma assistência integral. O cenário pandêmico colocou em evidência a necessidade primordial de investimentos na assistência, principalmente na linha de frente, para evitar um colapso na atenção terciária. O acompanhamento integral das gestantes, por exemplo, evitou complicações para a saúde da mulher e do bebê.


This experience report focus on prenatal care offered by a Family Health Unit (USF) in a municipality in Bahia, Brazil, during the pandemic. Based on observations of the experiences in prenatal care between March/2020 and March/2021, the report discusses the prenatal care performed during this period and the frequent changes following health recommendations regarding the institutionalization of flowcharts and clinical protocols for comprehensive care. The pandemic highlighted the primordial need for investments in health care, especially front line, to avoid a collapse in tertiary care. Comprehensive monitoring of pregnant women, for example, avoided complications for the woman and the infant's health.


Este reporte presenta la experiencia de seguimiento prenatal durante la pandemia en una Unidad de Salud Familiar (USF), un campo de prácticas para los estudiantes/residentes en un municipio del estado de Bahía (Brasil). El método utilizado se basa en un reporte de experiencia, que aplicó la observación como técnica para describir las vivencias en el período comprendido entre marzo de 2020 y marzo de 2021. El reporte destaca el desempeño del seguimiento prenatal durante el período mencionado, y los cambios frecuentes frente a las recomendaciones de salud sobre la institucionalización de diagramas de flujo y los protocolos clínicos para una asistencia integral. El contexto de la pandemia reveló la necesidad primordial de invertir en asistencia sanitaria, especialmente en la primera línea, para evitar el colapso en el tercer nivel de atención. El seguimiento integral a las embarazadas, por ejemplo, evitó complicaciones para la salud de la mujer y del bebé.

20.
Infant Ment Health J ; 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38196240

RESUMO

Pregnant individuals and parents have experienced elevated mental health problems and stress during COVID-19. Stress during pregnancy can be harmful to the fetus and detrimental to the parent-child relationship. However, social support is known to act as a protective factor, buffering against the adverse effects of stress. The present study examined whether (1) prenatal stress during COVID-19 was associated with parent-infant closeness at 6 months postpartum, and (2) social support moderated the effect of prenatal stress on the parent-infant relationship. In total, 181 participants completed questionnaires during pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum. A hierarchical linear regression analysis was conducted to assess whether social support moderated the effect of stress during pregnancy on parent-infant closeness at 6 months postpartum. Results indicated a significant interaction between prenatal stress and social support on parents' perceptions of closeness with their infants at 6 months postpartum (ß = .805, p = .029); parents who experienced high prenatal stress with high social support reported greater parent-infant closeness, compared to those who reported high levels of stress and low social support. Findings underscore the importance of social support in protecting the parent-infant relationship, particularly in times of high stress, such as during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Individuos y progenitores en estado de embarazo experimentan elevados problemas de salud mental y estrés durante el COVID-19. El estrés durante el embarazo puede ser dañino para el feto y perjudicial para la relación progenitor-niño. Sin embargo, es sabido que el apoyo social actúa como un factor de protección, sirviendo como agente amortiguador contra los adversos efectos del estrés. El presente estudio longitudinal examinó si 1) el estrés prenatal durante el COVID-19 se asociaba con la cercanía madre-infante a los seis meses después del parto, y 2) el apoyo social moderaba el efecto del estrés prenatal en la relación madre-infante. Un total de 181 participantes completaron cuestionarios durante el embarazo y a los seis meses después del parto. Un análisis de regresión lineal jerárquico se llevó a cabo para evaluar si el apoyo social moderaba el efecto del estrés durante el embarazo en cuanto a la cercanía progenitor-infante a los seis meses después del parto. Los resultados indicaron una interacción significativa entre el estrés prenatal y el apoyo social sobre las percepciones que los progenitores tenían de la cercanía con sus infantes a los seis meses después del parto (ß = .805, p = .029); los progenitores que experimentaron un alto estrés prenatal con un alto apoyo social reportaron una mayor cercanía progenitor-infante, comparados con aquellos que reportaron altos niveles de estrés y bajo apoyo social. Los resultados subrayan la importancia del apoyo social para proteger la relación progenitor-infante, particularmente en épocas de alto estés, tal como durante la pandemia del COVID-19.


Les personnes enceintes et les parents font l'expérience de plus grands problèmes de santé mentale et de plus de stress durant la crise du COVID-19. Le stress durant la grossesse peut être néfaste pour le foetus et vient au détriment de la relation parent-enfant. Cependant l'on sait que le soutien social est un facteur de protection, faisant tampon face aux effets adverses du stress. Cette étude longitudinale a examiné si 1) le stress prénatal durant le COVID-19 était lié à la proximité mère-nourrisson à six mois postpartum, et 2) le soutien social a modéré l'effet du stress prénatale sur la relation mère-nourrisson. En tout 181 participants ont rempli des questionnaires durant la grossesse et à sic mois postpartum. Une analyse de régression linéaire hiérarchique a été faite pour évaluer si le soutien social a modéré l'effet du stress durant la grossesse sur la proximité parent-nourrisson à six mois postpartum. Les résultats ont indiqué une interaction importante entre le stress prénatal et le soutien social sur les perceptions des parents de la proximité avec leurs nourrissons à six mois postpartum (ß = ,805, p = ,029); les parents qui ont fait l'expérience d'un stress prénatal élevé avec un soutien social élevé ont signalé une plus grande proximité parent-nourrisson, comparé à ceux ayant signalé des niveaux de stress élevés et un faible soutien social. Les résultats soulignent l'importance du soutien social dans la protection de la relation parent-nourrisson, particulièrement en temps de stress élevé, comme durant la pandémie de COVID-19.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...